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ANNALS 



OF 



THE KINGDOM OF lEBLAND. 

BY THE FOUR MASTERS, 



FKOSI 



THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE YEAR 1171. 

EDITED FROM MSS. IN THE LIBEARY OF THE ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY AND OF 

TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN, 

WITH A TRANSLATION, AND COPIOUS NOTES, 

BY JOHN O'DONOVAN, ESQ. M.R.I.A. 

BARRISTER AT LAW. 



" Oliiu Regibus parebant, nunc per Principes I'actiouibus et studiis trahuutur: uec aliud adversus validissimas 
gentes pro nobis utilius, quam quod in commune non consulunt. Rarus duabus tribusve civitatibus ad propulsaudum 
commune periculum conveutus; ita dum singuli pugnant universi vincuntnr." — Tacitos, Agricola, c. 12. 



DUBLIN. 

1849. 



Roadlns 
Ctr. £ 



TO 

THE MOST NOBLE THE MAHQUIS OF EILDAEE, M.R, M.R.LA., 

THE EIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL OF DUNRAVEN, M.R.LA., 

THE REV. JAMES HENTHORN TODD, D.D., S.F.T. CD., M.R.LA., 

GEORGE PETRIE, ESQ., LL.D., Y.P.R.LA., &R.n.A., 

AND 

JAMES HARDIMAN. ESQ., M.E.LA. 



My Lords and Sies, 

When Brother Michael O'Clery, the chief of the Four 
Masters, had finished the Annals of Ireland, he dedicated the work to 
Farrell O'Gara, chief of Coolavin, there being no O'Donnell in the 
country to patronize his labours ; and he adds, that his having done 
so should not excite jealousy or en\y in the mind of any one, con- 
sidering the nobleness of the race from which O'Gara was sprung, 
and that it was he that rewarded the Chroniclers who assisted in the 
compilation. 

From the first moment that I imdertook the present work, I had 
it in contemplation to dedicate it to some persons who had eminently 
distinguished themselves by their exertions in promoting the study 
of Irish History and Antiquities ; and I feel confident that, although 



r"»/"» t--- A t-^. 



vi DEDICATION. 

there are lining at the present day many of the ancient Irish, as well 
as of the Anglo-Irish race, illustrious for their bu'th, talents, and 
patriotism, it will excite neither jealousy nor envy in any of them 
that I should commit this work to the world under your names ; 
for you haye stood prominently forward to promote the cause of an- 
cient Irish literatm'e, at a period when it had fallen into almost 
utter neglect, and have succeeded in rescuing a very considerable 
portion of om* history and antiquities from the obscirrity and obhvion 
to Avhich they had been for some time consigned. 

Permit me, then, to dedicate this work to you, that, as the Editor 
of the Annals of the Fom* Masters, I may be known to posterity as 
one who enjoyed your friendship, and felt grateful for the services 
you have rendered to Ireland. 

Yom' obedient, humble Servant, 

JOHN O'DONOVAN. 



8, Newcomen Place, North Steand, Doblin, 
June 2nd, 1851. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



IHE first part of the following Annals, ending with the year 1171, 
has already been printed by Dr. O'Conor, from the autograph original, 
which was preserved among the manuscrijjts of the Duke of Bucking- 
ham, at StoAve. His text, however, is full of errors ; it is printed in 
the Italic character, and the contractions of the manuscrijit, which 
in many places Dr. O'Conor evidently misunderstood, are allowed to 
remain, although without any attempt to represent them by a pecu- 
liar type. There are also many serious errors and defects in his Latin 
translation, arising partly from the cause just alluded to, but chiefly 
from ignorance of Irish topography and geography. 

These defects the Editor has endeavoured to correct. He has 
adopted Dr. O'Couor's text in the portion of the AnnaLs to which it 
extends, but, not having had access to the original manuscript, he has 
corrected the errors with which it abounds by a collation of it with 
two manuscripts preserved in Dviblin. The first of these is in the 
Library of Trinity College, and was made for Dr. John Fergus, of 
Dublin, in the year 1734-5*. It professes to have been transcribed 

■■■ This manuscript, which is in a large, strong, caip rPicel O'Cleipi^ a jConuenc Dhuin iiu 

and good hand, is entitled thus : " Qrinala na njall do pheapjal O'^ubpa, -\ np na acpjpio- 

cCeicpe niaijipcip o'n Bluioain oaoip Do- bu6 cip an leaBap ceaona do Shean O'Pepjupa 

niain Da liiile du ceo ceacpucac a do, jup an a mboile Qra cliar, 1734-5," — i- ^- "Annals 

mbliabain oaoip Cpiopc mile c6o feaccTnojac of the Four Masters, from the year of the age of 

a haon ap na pgpiobao ap cup lap an mbpd- the world two thousand two hundred and forty- 



viii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

from the autograph of the Four Masters, then in the possession of 
Charles O'Couor of Belanagare, by Hugh O'Molloy, who was an excel- 
lent and ■well qualified scribe. The other is in the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy, and was also made at Belanagare, under the 
inspection of Charles O'Conor, and by his o^\ti scribe. These manu- 
scripts, are, therefore, both of them, in all probability, copies of the 
same autograj)h original from which Dr. O'Conor, in the third volume 
of the Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores, has derived his text ; and they 
have enabled the Editor to correct many errors, both in the Irish and 
in the translation. 

The text of the remaining portion of the Annals, extending from 
the year 1172 to 1616, has been, for the fii'st time, printed in this 
publication. It is derived from the autograph manuscript preserved 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, compared with another 
autograph copy in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. The 
former manuscript was purchased at the sale of the late Mr, Austin 
Cooper, by George Petrie, Esq., LL.D., and by him deposited in the 
Library of the Academy. The Editor cannot give a better account of 
this important manuscript than in the words of Dr. Petrie, by whose 
permission he reprints here the j)aper read by that gentleman to the 
Academy. 

" TO THE PEESIDENT AND MEMBERS OF THE EOYAL IRISH ACADEMY. 

" !My Lord and Gentlemen, — Having recently had the good fortune to 
obtain for the Royal Irish Academy the most important remain of our ancient 
literature, tlie original autograph of a portion of the first part or volume, and 
the whole of the second volume of the work usually designated the Annals of 
the Four Masters, I feel it incumbent on me to lay before you a statement of 
the proofs of its authenticity, together with such circumstances connected with 
its history, as have hitherto come within my knowledge. 

two, to the year of the Age of Christ one thou- of Donegal, for Fcarghal O'Gadhra, and tran- 
sand one hundred and seventy-one, written first scribed from the same book for Johu O'Fergusa, 
by the Friar Michael O'Clery, in the convent in Dublin, 1734-5." 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. ix 

" With regard, in the first place, to our acquisition being the undoubted 
autograph original of" this most invaluable work, it is to be observed that the 
manuscript itself furnishes the most satisfactory internal evidences for such a 
conclusion, evidences even more decisive than those which have been brought 
forward in support of the autograph originality of the first part, now the chief 
treasure of the magnificent library of his Grace the Duke of Buckingham, and 
which has recently been published through the munificence of that patriotic 
nobleman. 

" In the front of these evidences we find the dedication of the whole work 
to Fergal O'Gara, Lord of Moy O'Gara and Coolavin, in the county of Sligo,' 
the chieftain under whose patronage, and for whose use, the Annals were com- 
piled ; and this dedication, not a copy in the hand of an ordinary scribe, but 
committed to the peculiar durability of parchment, and wholly in the hand- 
writing and signed with the proper signature of Michael O'Clery, the chief of 
the Four Masters who were employed in its compilation. As this dedication 
throws much light on the history of the work, and has not been hitherto pub- 
lished entire, I shall take leave to introduce it here, as literally translated by 
the venerable Charles 0' Conor : 

" ' I invoke the Almighty God, that he may pour down every blessing, 
corporal and spiritual, on Ferall O'Gara, Tiern (Lord) of Moy O'Gara and 
Culavinne, one of the two knights elected to represent the county of Sligo in 
the Parliament held in Dublin, this present year of our Lord, 1634. 

" ' In every country enlightened by civilization, and confirmed therein 
through a succession of ages, it has been customary to record the events pro- 
duced by time. For sundry reasons, nothing was deemed more profitable or 
honourable than to study and peruse the works of ancient writers, who gave a 
faithful account of the great men who figured on the stage of life in preceding 
ages, that posterity might be informed, how their forefathers have employed 
their time, how long they continued in power, and how they have finished 
their days. 

" ' I, Michael O'Clery, brother of the Order of St. Francis (through ten 
years employed under obedience to my several provincials in collecting mate- 
rials for our Irish Hagiology), have waited on you, noble Ferall O'Gara, as I 
was well acquainted with your zeal for the glory of God, and the credit of 

b 



X INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

your country. I perceived the anxiety you suffer from the cloud which at 
present hangs over our ancient Milesian race ; a state of things which has 
occasioned the ignorance of many, relative to the lives of the holy men, who, 
in former times, have been the ornaments of our island ; the general ignorance 
also of our civil history, and of the monarchs, provincial kings, tigherns (lords), 
and toisachs (chieftains), who flourished in this country through a succession 
of ages, with equal want of knowledge in the synchronism necessary for 
throwing light on the transactions of each. In your uneasiness on this subject 
I have informed you, that I entertained hopes of joining to my own labours 
the assistance of the antiquarians I held most in esteem, for compiling a body 
of Annals, wherein those matters should be digested under their proper heads ; 
judging that should such a compilation be neglected at present, or consigned 
to a future time, a risk might be run that the materials for it should never 
again be brought together. In this idea I have collected the most authentic 
Annals I could find in my travels through the kingdom (and, indeed, the task 
was difficult). Such as I have obtained are arranged in a continued series, 
and I commit them to the world under your name, noble O'Gara, who stood 
forward in patronising this undertaking ; you it was who set the antiquarians 
to work, and most liberally paid them for their labour, in arranging and tran- 
scribing the documents before them, in the convent of Dunagall, where the 
Fathers of that house supplied them with the necessary refreshments. In 
truth every benefit derivable from our labours is due to your protection and 
bounty ; nor should it excite jealousy or envy that you stand foremost in this 
as in other services you have rendered your country ; for by your birth you 
are a descendant of the race of Ileber, which gave Ireland thirty monarchs, 
and sixty-one of which race have died in the odour of sanctity. Eighteen of 
those holy men are traced to your great ancestor Teig, the son of Kian, and 
grandson of the celebrated OlioU-Olam, who died King of Munster, A. D. 260. 
The posterity of that Teig have had great establishments in every part of 
Ireland, viz. : the race of Cormac Galeng, in Leyny of Conaglit, from whom 
you are descended, as well as the OTIaras of the same Leyny, and the O'Haras 
of the Rout ; the O'Carrolls also of Ely, and the O'Conors of Kianachta Glen- 
gevin, in Ulster. In proof of your noble extraction, here follows your genealogy. 
" ' Ferall O'Gara, thou art the son of Teig, &c. &c. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xi 

" ' On the 22nd January, 1632, this work was undertaken in the convent of 
Dunagall, and was finished in the same convent on the 10th of August, 1636. 

" ' I am thine most affectionately, 

" ' Brother Micuael O'Clery.' 

" Immediately following this dedication we are presented with the original 
certificate or testimonium of the superiors of the Franciscan convent of Dunagal, 
in which the Annals were compiled, signed with their autograph signatures, as 
on the said 10th of August, 1636. This, too, is written on parchment, and has 
also affixed to it the signature of O'Donell, Prince of Tirconneir"" [rectS, Brother 
Bonaventure O'Donnell Jubilate Reader] ; " and while I feel it necessary to my 
purpose to transcribe this testimonium (which I also give in the translation of 
Mr. O'Conor), I beg that those interested in the question will observe how 
considerably it differs in its wording from that prefixed to the Stowe Manu- 
script, and how far more copious it is in its information relative to the sources 
from which the work was compiled. 

" ' The Fathers of the Franciscan Order, subscribers hereunto, do certify 
that Ferall O'Gara was the nobleman who prevailed on Brother Michael O'Clery 
to bring together the antiquaries and chronologers, who compiled the following 
Annals (such as it was in their power to collect), and that Ferall O'Gara afore- 
said rewarded them liberally for their labour. 

" ' This collection is divided into two parts, and from the beginning to the 
end has been transcribed in the convent of the brothers of Dunagall, who sup- 
plied the transcribers with the necessaiy viands. The first volume was begun 
in the same convent, A. D. 1632, when Father Bernardin O'Clery was guardian 
thereof. 

" ' The antiquaries and chronologers who were the collectors and transcri- 
bers of this work we attest to be Brother Michael O'Clery ; Maurice O'Maol- 

'' Prince of Tirconnell. — In consequence of the O'Conor. When Dr. Petrie bought the manu- 

time-stained condition of this piece of parchment script, it was a mere unbound roll ; its margins 

when Dr. Petrie's paper was written, it was not worn away by damp. It has been since restored, 

easy to decipher these words, and it was, there- under Dr. Petrie's direction; and the manuscript, 

fore, very natural that he should rely on the bound in whole Eussia, is now in a state of per- 

authority of the venerable Charles O'Conor of feet beauty, as well as in a condition to bid defi- 

Belanagare, and that of his grandson, Dr. Charles ance to the hand of time for centuries. — Ed. 

b2 



xii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

conarj, the son of Torna, who assisted during a month ; Fergus O'Maolconary, 
the son of Loclikn also, and both those antiquaries were of the county of 
Roscommon ; Cucogry O'Clery, another assistant, was of the county of Dunagall, 
as was Cucogry O'Duigenan, of the county of Leitrim ; Conary O'Clery, like- 
wise of the county of Dunagall. 

" ' The old books they collected were the Annals of Clonmacnoise, an abbey 
founded by holy Kiaran, son of the Carpenter ; the Annals of the Island of 
Saints, on the Lake of Rive ; the Annals of Senat Mac Magnus, on the Lake 
of Erne (now called the Ulster Annals); the Annals of the O'Maolconarys ; 
the Annals of Kilronan, compiled by the O'Duigenans. These antiquarians had 
also procured the Annals of Lacan, compiled by the Mac Firbisses (after tran- 
scribing the greater part of the first volume), and from those Lacan Annals 
they supplied icliat they thought propter in the blanks they left for any occasional 
information they could obtain. The Annals of Clonmacnoise, and those of the 
Island of Saints, came down no farther than the year of our Lord 1227. 

" ' The second part of this work commences with the year of our Lord 
1208 ; and begun to be transcribed in the present year, 1635, when Father 
Christoplier Dunlevy was guardian ; and these Annals were continued down 
to tlie year 1608, when Father Bernardin O'Clery was, for the second time, 
elected Guardian. 

" ' Brother Michael O'Clery above mentioned, Cucogry O'Clery, and Conary 
O'Clery, have been the transcribers of the Annals from 1332 to 1608. The 
books from which they transcribed have been the greater part of O'Maolconary's 
book, ending with the year 1505 ; the book of the O'Duigenans aforesaid, from 
the year 900 to 1563 ; the book of Senate Mac Magnus, ending with 1532 ; a 
part also of tlie book of Cucogry, the son of Dermot O'Clery, from the year 
1281 to 1537 ; the book likewise of Maolin og Mac Bruodin, from the year 
1588 to 1603 ; the book, moreover, of Lugad O'Clery, from 1586 to 1602. All 
those books we have seen in the hands of the antiquaries, who have been the 
compilers of the present work, together with other documents, too many to be 
mentioned. In proof of what we have here set forth, wc have hereunto annexed 
our manual signatures, in the convent of Dunagall, August the 10th, 1636. 

Siytied, " ' Bernardinus O'Clery, Guardianus, Dungallensis. 

" ' Brother Maurice Dunlevy, ^-c. ^x' 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xiii 

" Before we proceed further, let us reflect for a moment on the matter fur- 
nished by those interesting documents, to which the writers were so anxious 
to give all possible durability. How prophetic were the just apprehensions of 
that chief compiler, ' that if the work were then neglected, or consigned to a 
future time, a risk might be run that the materials for it should never again be 
brought together.' Such, indeed, would have been the sad result. Those fearful 
predictions were made on the very eve of that awful rebelUon which caused a 
revolution of property, and an extent of human afiliction, such, perhaps, as no 
other country ever experienced. In that unhappy period, nearly all the original 
materials of this compilation probably perished, for one or two of them only 
have survived to our times. Even this careful transcript was supposed to have 
shared the same fate, and its recent discovery may be considered as the result 
of a chance almost miraculous ! What a solemn lesson, then, is here given us 
of the necessity of giving durability, while yet in our power, to the surviving 
historical remains of our country, and thereby placing them beyond the reach 
of a fate otherwise almost inevitable. To me it appears a sacred duty on cul- 
tivated minds to do so. Had this compilation been neglected, or had it, as 
was supposed, shared the fate of its predecessors, wliat a large portion of our 
history would have been lost to the world for ever ! 

" But to proceed. It is to be most pertinently observed, that, from the above 
testimonium^ it appears that, in the original manuscripts, the writers left blanks 
for the purpose of inserting subsequently any occasional information they might 
obtain ; and by a reference to the manuscript now under consideration, it will 
be found that such blanks have been frequently filled up in various parts of tlie 
volume. 

" Secondly, — We learn from this testimonium, that, contrary to the opinion 
of Doctor O'Conor and others who have written on the subject, the second 
part or volume commenced, not, as they state, with the year 1172, but with the 
year 1208. So we find it is in our manuscript, in which the period from 1170 
to 1208 is substantially divided from the subsequent annals, not only by the 
aforesaid dedication and testimonium, but also by a heading prefixed as to tlie 
commencement of the second volume. 

" Thirdly, — The testimonium states that Michael O'Clery, Cucogry O'Clery, 
and Conary O'Clery, were the transcribers of the Annals from the year 1332 



xiv INTRODUCTORY RP:MARKS. 

to the year 1608 ; and by a reference to our manuscript we shall find, not only 
tliat the writing of those three scribes is strongly marked by their individual 
characteristics, but also be able, by a comparison with any of our own manu- 
scripts, in the handwriting of Cucogry O'Clery, to ascertain what portions of 
the Annals were so written by that admirable scribe. 

" I have to add to these evidences another of yet greater importance, namely, 
that a great number of loose leaves accompany the volume, which, on exami- 
nation, prove to be the first extracts from the original ancient documents, copied 
out without much regard to order or chronological arrangement, previously to 
their being regularly transferred to the work. There are also additions in the 
handwriting of Michael O'Clery'', the chief of the Four Masters, bringing the 
Annals down as late as the year 1616, which appears to have been the last 
entry ever made in the volume. 

" These evidences will, I trust, be deemed amply sufficient to establish the 
fact of this manuscript being the veritable original autograph of this important 
work, written, as the title now prefixed to the Trinity College copy properly 
states, ad usuni FeryalU OGara. The circumstances relative to its history, 
which I shall now have the honour to submit, will enable us, I think, to trace 
its possession with tolerable certainty to the last direct representative of the 
family of its illustrious patron. 

" It has been hitherto generally believed that no perfect copy of the Second 
Part of the Annals of the Four Masters was in existence, and that the mutilated 
volume in the College Library, which is deficient in the years preceding 1335, 
and was never carried farther than the year 1605, was the only original to be 
found. The recent acquisition to our valuable collection of manuscripts of a 
perfect transcript of the whole of the work, proved the supposition to be an 
error, and that at the period when it was transcribed an original autograph of 
the second volimie had been in existence. 



' Michael O'Clery. — This should be, "in the of Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, intimating 

handwriting of Conary, the brother of Michael thatMarydeBurgo, daughter of the EarlofClan- 

O'Clcry." The last part of the work in which rickard, was the mother of TeigcO'Rourke. The 

the handwriting of Michael O'Clery appears, is remaining years to the end (the last being 1616), 

the last nine lines of the year 1605. The last line are in the hand of Conary O'Clery, as indeed is 

in the same year is an interpolation, in the hand the greater part of the second volume Ed. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xv 

" In each of the vohimes of tliis transcript we find an advertisement by the 
Chevalier O'Gorrnan, for whom the copy was made, stating that ' the original 
of the first volume was the property of Charles O'Conor, Esq., of Belanagare ; 
and the original of the second, tliat of the Right Honourable Colonel Williani 
Burton Conyngham, who lent it to Chevalier O'Gorman, by whom it was duly 
returned to Colonel Conyngham, but has been since mislaid.' Thus far we can 
trace our manuscript, as being the original from which the Chevalier's copy, 
now in our possession, was transcribed ; and its ownership to Colonel Burton 
Conyngham, whose library passed, subsequently, into the hands of the late 
Mr. Austin Cooper, at whose recent sale the work was acquired. The Chevalier 
O'Gorman's advertisement is without date, but a certificate, in the handwriting 
of Charles O'Conor, Esq., is prefixed, stating that the transcript was made for 
the use of his friend, the Chevalier O'Gorman, in his house at Belanagare : 
' This,' he says, ' I testify in Dublin, May the 10th, 1781.' Now, it is remarkable 
that, from a letter written by the Chevalier O'Gorman to Charles O'Conor, dated 
January 10, 1781, the same year (published in the Testimonia to the first volume 
of the Annals in the Rerum Hib. Scriptores), we learn that our manuscript was, 
at that time, 'the property' of Charles O'Conor. In this letter the Chevalier 
says : ' I have seen Gorman' (the Scribe) 'this morning ; I find he has copied 
but the first volume of the Four Masters, which Colonel Burton told me you 
were pleased to return to him. I expected he would not only have copied the 
second, but also the Annals of Connaught, both your property' From this it 
appears certain that our manuscript had belonged to Charles O'Conor, pre- 
viously to its being transferred to the possession of Colonel Conyngham ; but 
for what reason that transfer was made it is not for me to conjecture. 

" Let us now proceed a little earlier, and we shall find that Mr. O'Conor 
got the original copy of the Annals made for the O'Gara, from the direct repre- 
sentative of that lord, as early as the year 1734. In the Prolegomena to the 
first volume of the Rerum Hib. Scriptores, p. 51, the following extract is given 
from a letter written by Charles O'Conor to Doctor Curry, and dated Roscom- 
mon, July the 16th, 1756 : 'In regard to the Four Masters, I shall write to 
Colonel O'Gara, in St. Sebastian, where he is quartered with his regiment, and 
reproach him with giving more of his confidence to a little ignorant ecclesiastic 
than to me, his nearest relation in this kingdom, his father and mine being 



xvi INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

brother and sister's children. I got that work in 1734, through the interest of 

Bishop O'Eourke, my uncle.' It is remarkable that this same letter is again 

quoted in the '■ Testimonia' prefixed to the Annals, in the second volume of the 

same work, but as addressed, not to Doctor Curry, but to a Mr. O'Reilly. It 

also differs in the wording, as will appear from the following extract : ' I shall 

write to Colonel O'Gara, &c.' ' This expedient will, I hope, confirm the book 

(the Annals of the Four Masters) to me.' From this it would appear that, 

though he had gotten the work from the O'Gara family, as early as 1734, there 

was, nevertheless, a claim put forward relative to it, on the part of some branch 

of that family, so late as 1756. In the same ' Testhnonia,' p. 11, Doctor O'Conor 

quotes his grandfather as writing that he obtained the work in 1734, from Brian 

O'Gara, Archbishop of Tuam, viz. : 

"'Liber hie nunc pertinet ad Cathaldura juniorem O'Conor, filium Don- 

chadi, &c., et ejusdem libri possessio tributa fuit ei per Brianum O'Gara, Archi- 

episcopum prailarum Tuamite, A. D. 1734. 

" ' Cathalbus O'Conor.' 

" And in the memoirs of his grandfather, written by Doctor O'Conor, there 
is the following passage : ' Colonel O'Gara, who commanded a regiment under 
James the Second, made a present of the Four Masters to Doctor O'Eourke, 
Mr. O'Conor' s uncle, who gave it to him ; it is now in his library, and an auto- 
graph.' — Memoirs, p. 256. 

■' Lastly, — In his account of the manuscripts in the Stowe Library, Doctor 
O'Conor says : ' This volume was carried into Spain by Colonel O'Gara, who 
commanded the Irish regiment of Hibernia, in the Spanish service, in 1734. He 
sent it to his relative, the late Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, as the person 
best qualified to make use of it' 

" In these various accounts there is evidently some mystification'' or error, 

'' Mystification It is quite clear that iliore now deposited in the Library of the Royal Irish 

■were several copies of these Annals made by the Academy. Dr. Lyons sent a trace of the last 

Four Masters, for, besides the copy of the first page of the first volume of these Annals at Rome, 

volume preserved at Stowe, there is another, sliowing the exact size of the page and the chu- 

equally authentic and original, in the College of racter of the writing. This trace contains the 

St. Isidore, at Rome, with the proper attesta- entire of the year 11G9, and, on comjiaring it 

tions, as appears from Dr. Lyons' letters from wiih tlie Academy and College copies of these 

Rome, addressed to the Editor and to Dr. Todd, Annals, it was found that they do not agree in 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xvii 

which it is not easy to understand ; but the object in all seems to be, to prove, 
first, that the original autograph of the Foiu* Masters, belonging to the O'Gara 
family, was given to Mr. O'Conor ; and secondly, that the volume now at Stowe 
was that very one so obtained. The first of tliese positions may be readily 
granted, the second, however, appears to me to be extremely doubtful, and for 
the following reasons : Bishop Nicholson, in his Irish Historical Library, pub- 
lished in 1724, describes that very volume as being tlien in the Irish manuscript 
collection of Mr. John Conry (or O'Maolconaire), a descendant of one of the 
compilers, who had also in his possession the imperfect copy of the second 
volume, now deposited in the Library of Trinity College. Doctor O'Conor 
himself acknowledges this fact in the ' Testimonial and indeed it does not admit 
of a doubt. 

" What claim, then, we may ask, could the O'Gara family have to these 
volumes ? And how could Colonel O'Gara have carried them into Spain ? 
And how could he, or the Archbishop, bestow the former on any one ? 

" Moreover, we find that in seven years after, that is, in 1731, those manu- 
scripts of Conry's were on sale, and that Charles O'Conor appears to have been 
the purchaser. In that year he writes thus to his friend. Doctor Fergus, relative 
to their purchase for him : ' Dear Sir, I beg you will take the trouble of pur- 
chasing for me Conry's manuscripts, now in the hands of Charles O'Neill,' &c.; 
and, further on, he says : ' I again request that you will be active in procuring 
for me Conry's manuscripts ; my collection is very imperfect, and I wish to save 
as many as I can of the ancient manuscripts of Ireland from the wreck that has 
almost overwhelmed everything that once belonged to us.' — Memoir of Charles 
OConor, p. 173. That he did succeed in possessing himself of these manu- 
scripts can hardly admit of a doubt, as most of them can be traced as belonging 
to him subsequently. It was the same Doctor Fergus, to whom this letter was 
addressed, that, as Mr. O'Conor states, put the first volume of the Annals into 
better condition for him in 1734 (the very year in which he got the work from 
Bishop O'Rourke), giving it, as he said, ' vigour enough to outlive another cen- 

the size of the page or number of lines on the dence that the copy at Rome is not a counter- 
page, this being about an inch and a half longer part of either of those in Dublin. It was pro- 
and somewhat broader than the other, and con- bably the first volume of the copy sent out to 
taining thirty lines. This affords strong evi- Ward, and used by Colgan. 



XVlll 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



tury.' And it was from the hands of the same gentleman, Doctor Fergus, that 
the imperfect copy of the second vohime, together with other works of Conry's 
collection, which had undoubtedly been the property of Mr. O'Conor, passed 
into the Library of Trinity College. That Mr. O'Conor should have parted 
with that mutilated volume will not appear strange, if we account for it by 
the supposition of his having had our perfect volume in his possession at the 
time. 

" It is of importance to this sketch also to add, that the first volume, now 
at Stowe, as well as the second in Trinity College, afford internal evidences of 
their being, not the original autograph of the work, but transcripts made by 
one of the writers for his own individual use. These internal evidences are, 
that the volume in Trinity College Library is written uniformly throughout hy 
the same hand"; and we have the testimony of Doctor Fergus prefixed to it, 
stating that the second volume agrees in every respect, as to paper, writing, 
&c. &c., with the first volume now at Stowe. In this Doctor O'Conor concurs, 
who says emphatically, it is all in the one hand — the hand of Michael O'Clery. 
— Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts. Further, it is to be observed, that those 
volumes were evidently transcribed from the originals before the work was 
entirely completed, for there are no entries after the year 1605, though the 
dates are placed at the tops of succeeding pages for some years later, and 
the blanks left to be filled up whenever any additional information might 
be procured, have never received such additions as they have in our Manu- 
script. It should be remarked also, that the certificate and dedication pre- 
fixed to the Stowe Manuscript are written on paper, not parchment, as in our 
Manuscript. 

" Under all these circumstances, I trust I shall not be deemed rash in con- 
cluding, that the Manuscript now bought for the Academy is not only the 
original autograph of the work, but also, that there is scarcely a doubt of its 
being the very copy which passed from the representative of the O'Gara family 
into the hands of Mr. Charles O'Conor, and which subsequently became the 

' By the same hand. — At the first inspection most part in the hand of Conary O'Clery; but 

this would appear to be the case ; but the that the hands of Brother Michael O'Clery and 

Editor had occasion to examine this copy mi- Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, appear also in in- 

nutely and carefully, and found that it is for the numerable places throughout the volume. — Ed. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xix 

property of Colonel Burton Conyngham, at the recent sale of whose books I 
had the good fortune to purchase it. 

" I have now no ordinary feeling of pleasure in resigning to its most proper 
depository, the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, this truly inestimable 
work, which, in the words of Mr. O'Keilly, ' is far above all our other Annals 
in point of value ;' and as I have had the good fortune to purchase this work 
at my own risk, and might, by letting it pass out of the country, have been a 
great pecuniary gainer, I trust it will not be deemed presumption in me to 
indulge the hope, that the resignation of it will be received as a memorial of 
my attachment to the ancient literature of my country, and of my zeal for the 
interests of the learned body to which I feel it so great an honour to belong. 

''March 5, 1831." " George Petrie. 

Before concluding these preliminary remarks, it will be necessary 
to give some account of the antiquaries by whom these Annals were 
compiled, and who are now known as The Four Masters, although 
it is evident they never themselves assumed the name. That title 
was first given them by Colgan, who explains his reasons for so 
doing, in the preface to his ^Icfa Sanctorum, to be presently cited ; to 
which we may add, that Quatuor Mcu/istri had been long previously 
applied by the medical Avriters of the middle ages to the four masters 
of the medical sciences, and that this circumstance probably suggested 
to Colgan the appellation he has given to the compilers of these 
Annals. 

The Four Masters, who were the authors of the following work, 
were Michael, Conary, and Cucogry O'Clery, together Avith Ferfeasa 
O'Mulconry, of whom we shall now proceed to give some account, 
in the order in which they have been named. 

For the general pedigree of the O'Clerys of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidlme 
and Tirconnell, taken from the genealogical manuscripts of Cucogry 
O'Clery, now preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
the reader is referred to Genealogies, Tribes, and Cxistoms of Hij- 

c2 



XX INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

Fiachrach, printed for the Irish Archa2ological Society in 1844, 
pp. 71-91. 

The O'Clerys were descended from Guaii-e Aidlmc, surnamcd the 
Hospitable, King of Connaught in the seventh century, and were 
originally seated in the territory of Hy-Fiachrach-Aidlme, now the 
diocese of Kilmacduagh, in the county of Galway, to which territory 
they had supplied several distinguished chieftains ; but they were 
di'iven from thence by the De Burgos, shortly after the English inva- 
sion. Some of them settled in the neighbourhood of Kilkenny, where 
their descendants were literary men and antiquaries in 1453, for in 
that year one of them, John Boy O'Clery, transcribed the Psalter of 
Cashel for Edmond Mac Richard Butler, at Pottlesrath, in the county 
of Kilkenny ; a manuscript now preserved in the Bodleian Library. 
Others of them migrated to Breifny-O'Ileilly, now the county of 
Cavan ; and a third party settled under O'Dowda, in TiraAvley and 
Tireragh, where, in 1458, John O'Clery of Lackan was agent to 
O'Dowda. — See Hy-Ftachrach, p. 125. 

Of this Tirawley branch, an individual named Cormac Mac Dermot 
O'Clery, who Avas a iDroficient in the Civil and Canon Laws, removed, 
a short time previous to the year 1382, to Tirconnell, where he became 
a great favourite with the monks and ecclesiastics of the monastery 
of vVssaroe, near Ballyshannon, by whom he appears to have been 
employed as a professor of both Lnvs. During his stay at Assaroe, the 
youthful professor formed an acquaintance withO'Sgingin, O'DonneU's 
ollav or chief professor in history, whose ancestors had enjoyed this 
employment from a remote period. At this time, however, there 
existed no male representative of the family of O'Sgingin but the old 
historical ollav, who had an only daughter, whom he consented to 
give in marriage to the young O'Clery, without recpiiring of him a 
linnscra, or dower (i. e. the portion to be paid to the wife's father by 
the husband, according to tlie ancient Irish custom), except the fulfil- 



IxNTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxi 

ment of the condition, that whatever male chikl should he first horn to 
them shoukl be sent to learn and study history, in order that he might 
become the heir of O'Sgingin. O'Clery promised to comply A\ith 
this request, and faithfully kept his promise. lie had by O'Sgingin 's 
daughter a son, avIio, at the request of his maternal grandfather, 
was named Gilla-Brighde, after his mother's brother, the intended 
chief historian of Tirconnell, who had died some time before, in the 
year 1382. This Gilla-Brighde became ollav to O'Donncll in history, 
and was succeeded by his son, Gillareagh, who was succeeded by his 
son, Dermot O'Clery, surnamed "of the Three Schools," because he 
kept a school for teaching general literature, a school of history, and 
a school of poetry. This Dermot became so distinguished and so 
popular, that O'Donnell (Niall, the son of Turlough of the Wine\ to 
enable him to increase his establishment, made him a grant of the 
lands of Creevagh, in the parish of Kilbarron, in addition to 'what he 
had inherited from O'Sgingin. Dermot of the Three Schools Avas 
succeeded b}' his son, Teige Cam O'Clery, who had three sons dis- 
tinguished for their hospitality, Avealth, and erudition, and Avho built 
a castle and other stone edifices on the hereditary lands of Kilbarron, 
some fragments of the ruins of Avhich are still to be seen. — For a vicAV 
of these remains, see the Irish Penny Journal for January 16tli, 1841, 
p. 225. 

They also possessed the lands of CarroAvnacughtragh, CarroAvan- 
ticlogh, the glebe of Kildoney , free from any tithes to the' Bishop of 
Raphoe, the quarter of Coolremuu*, and the quarter of Drumancrinn, 
in the plain of Moy-Ene, on the south side of the River Erne, near 
Ballyshannon. — See Inquisition taken at Lifford on the 12th of Sep- 
tember, 1609; and Genealogies, ^y"-, of Ifij-Fiaehraeh, pp. 79-83. 

The descent of the thi'ee O'Clerys, Avho, Avitli Ferfeasa O'Mulconry, 
Avere the Qua t nor Magistri of Colgan, Avill appear from the folloAving 
table : 



XXll 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



1. Derinot of the Three Schools O'Clery, 

chief of his sept. 
1 

2. Teige Cam, chief, 
d. 1492. 



3. Dermot. 



3. Tuathal O'Clery, 
chief, d. 1512. 



4. Teige Cam, chief, 
d. s. ]}. m. 1565. 



William O'Clery. 
Donough O'Clery. 



Conary O'Clery, 
one of the Four 
Masters. 



6. Teige of the Mountain, i. e. 
Brother Michael, Chief of 
the Four Masters. 



4. Cueogry O'Clery, 

ti. 1546. 
I 

5. Maccon O'Clery, 

chief, d. 1595. 
I 

6. Lughaidh, or Lewy 
O'Clery of the Con- 
tention, chief, ti. 
1609. 

7. Cueogry, one of the 
Four Masters, d. 1 664. 

Teige-an-tsleiblic (i. c. Teige of the Mountain) O'Clery, the chief 
compiler of the following Annals, Avas born about the year 1575, in 
the parish of Kilbarron, near Ballyshannon, in the county of Donegal, 
and was the fourth son of Donough O'Clery, who Avas the grandson of 
Tuathal O'Clery, head of the Tirconnell branch of the family, Avho 
died in 1512. On his admission to the religious order of St. Francis, 
he dropped his original baptismal name, according to the usual prac- 
tice on such occasions, and assumed the name of Michael. He did 
not, howcA'cr, enter into holy orders, but remained a lay brother of 
the order, continuing to piu'suc the hereditary profession of an anti- 
quary or historian, Avhicli he had followed in secular life. And his 
pursuits received the full sanction and approbation of his superiors, 
for, soon after joining his order at Louvain, he Avas sent to Ireland 
by the Guardian of the Irish couAcnt there, Hugh Ward (AA^ho Avas 
then himself employed in A^'riting the IIa'cs of Irish saints), to collect 
Irish manuscripts, and other helps towards this grand undertaking, 
lirother IMichael O'Clery, Avho Avas eminently qualified for this task, 
l)ursued his inquiry for about fifteen years, during Avhich period he 
visited the most distinguished scholars and anti(piaries then living. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS xxiii 

and transcribed from ancient manuscripts many lives of saints, several 
genealogies, martyrologies, and other monuments ; all which he trans- 
mitted to Ward, who, however, did not live to avail himself of them 
to any great extent, for he died soon after the receipt of them, viz. 
on the 8th of November, 1635; but they proved of great use to the 
Rev. John Colgan, Jubilate Lecturer of Theology at Louvain, who 
took up the same subject after the death of Ward. During O'Clery's 
stay in Ireland he compiled the following works : 

1. The Reim-Rio(jhraldhe, containing a Catalogue of the Kings of 
Ireland, the Genealogies of the Irish Saints, and the Irish Calendar 
of Saints' Days. This work, which Colgan describes as three Avorks, 
Avas commenced in the house of Council Mageoghegan, of Lismoyny, 
in the parish of Ardnurcher, and county of Westmeath, who was him- 
self a learned antiquary. It was carried on under the patronage of 
Turlough or Terence Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin Mac Coghlan, in 
the King's County, and was finished in the Franciscan convent, at 
Athlone, on the 4tli of November, 1630. There is a copy of this 
work in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, and the autograph 
original is preserved in the Burgundian Library at Brussels. 

2. The Leabhar-G abhala, or Book of Conquests. This was com- 
piled in the convent of Lisgool, near Enniskillcn, in the county of 
Fermanagh, under the patronage of Brian Roe Maguire, first Baron 
of Enniskillcn. In this work the O'Clerys had the assistance of Gil- 
lapatrick O'Luinin, of Ard O'Luinin, in the county of Fermanagh, 
Maguire's chief chi'onicler. The Testimonia and Approbations to this 
Avork Avere signed by Francis Magrath, Guardian of Lisgool, on the 
22nd of December, 1631, and by Flann, the son of Carbry Mac Egan, 
of Bally-mac-Egan, in LoAver Ormond, on the 31st of August, 1631. 
There is a beautiful copy of this Avork, in the handAvriting of Cucogry 
or Peregrine O'Clery, now in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 
It had been sold, or given away for some consideration in money, or 



XXIV 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



other value, to the late Edward O'Reilly of Harold's-cross, author of 
the Ir/.s/i-Eiif/Iiish Didiormry, by the late Mr. John O'Clery of Dublin, 
a descendant of Cucogry, the annalist. This fact appears from a 
memorandum in Irish, in the handwriting of Edward O'Reilly, now 
in the possession of the Editor, and to be presently adduced. It is 
probable that there exists another autograph copy of this Avork, 
A\hich was transmitted to Louvain for the use of Ward and Colgan. 

3. The Annals of Ire/and, called by Colgan Annales Quatvur Magis- 
frori/m and Annales Dinnjallenscs, the work now for the first time 
printed comjjlete. 

Besides the works aboTC mentioned, Michael O'Clery Avrote and 
printed at Louvain, in 1643, a Dictionary or Glossary of difficult and 
obsolete Irish words, under the title of Sanas-an Nuadh, which Lhwyd 
transcribed into his Irish Dictionary. Harris says that he died in 
1643. 

The foregoing facts have been principally derived from Peregrine 
O'Clery 's Genealogy of the O'Clerys, from the Dedications and Tes- 
timonia to these Morks, and also from Colgan's Preface to his Acta 
Sanc/on/ni Hibernicc, published in 1(545, in which he gives the fol- 
lowing interesting account of Michael O'Clery and his labom's. After 
speaking of the labours of Fleming and Ward in collecting and eluci- 
dating the lives of the Irish saints, he writes as foUows of O'Clery : 

" IIos, quorum pia studia imitatus est, ad meritorum etiam subsequutus est 
prasmia tertius noster confrater F. Michael Clery ante paucos menses mortuus, 
vir in patriis antiquitatibus apprime versatus, cuius piis per annos multos la- 
boribus, & hoc, &: reliqua quai molimur, opera phirimum debent. Hie enim 
cum esset in sasculo, professione Antiquarius, & in ea facultate inter primes 
sui teinporis habitus, postquam Serapliicum nostrum institutum in hoc Loua- 
niensi Conuentu est amplexus, adhibitus est P. Varda30 coadiutor, & in hunc 
finem postea cum Superiorum Ucentia & obedicntia in Patriam remissus est ad 
Sanctorum vitas, aliasquc sacras Patria3 antiquitatcs, (quie vt plurimum patiio 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxv 

idiomate, eoque peruetusto, sunt scripto) vndique eruendas & conquirendas. 
In demandata autem prouincia indefesso studio laborauit annis circiter quin- 
decim : & interea ex diuersis peruetustis patrij idiomatis Codicibus descripsit 
inultas Sanctorum vitas, genealogias, tria vel quatuor diuersa & vetusta Martyro- 
logia & plura alia magna3 antiquitatis monumenta, qua3 denuo rescripta, hue 
ad P. VardiEum transmisit. Demum ex Superiorum mandato ad hoc deputatus, 
adiecit aniraum ad alias Patrite cum sacras, tum prophanas Historias & anti- 
quitates expurgandas, & meliori methodo & ordine digerendas : ex quibus cum 
adiutorio trium aliorum peritorum antiquariorum, (quos pro temporis & loci 
opportunitate ad id munus visos aptiores, in Collegas adhibuit) compilauit, 
vel verius, cum ante fuerint k priscis Authoribus compositi, collatione plurium 
veterum Codicum repurgauit, digessit, & auxit tres reconditas antiquitatis trac- 
tatus. Primus est de Eegibus Hibernias, singulorum genus mortis, annos regni, 
ordinem successionis, genealogiam, & annum mundi vel Christi, quo singuli 
decesserint, succincte referens : qui tractatus ob breuitatem potius eorundem 
Regum Cathalogus, quam Historia nuncupandus videtur. Secundus de genea- 
logia Sanctorvuu Hibernias, quam in triginta septem classes seu capita distribuit, 
singulos Sanctos long& atauorum serie ad familiaj, ex qua descendit, primum 
Authorem & protoparentem referens : quod idcirco Sanctilogium genealogicum, 
& quibusdam Sanctogenesim placuit appellare. Tertius agit de primis Hiberniai 
inhabitatoribus, de successiuis ejus a diluuio per diversas gentes conquajstibus, 
siue expugnationibus, de Regibus interea regnantibus, de bellis & prajlijs inter 
hos obortis, alijsque publicis Insula3 casibus & euentibus ab anno post diluuium 
278, vsque ad annum Christi 1171. 

" Cum eodem etiam Collegio, cui subinde ad tempus vnum, & aliquando duos 
alios adiecit ex vetustioribus & probatioribus Patrite Chronicis & Annalibus, 
& prtecipue ex Cluanensibus, Insulensibus, & Senatensibus ; collegit sacros & 
prophanos Hibernian Annales, opus plane nobile, & Patriae vtile & Honorificum, 
suamque molem alioquin satis iustam, antiquissimarum rerum foecunda varietate, 
& succincta relatione longe superans. Proponit enim ante oculos non solum 
rei ciuilis statum, variasque vicissitudines per annos ter mille & amplius, quibus 
stetit illud antiquissimum regnum, referendo Regum, Principum & heroum 
gesta, dissidia, conflictus, pra3lia, obitus & annum, in quern singula inciderant ; 

d 



XXVI 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



sed etiam (quod piis mentibus gratius & optatius est) faciein Rei Catholicas 
& Ecclesiastica; a suscepta primum fide ante anuos mille ducentos, vsque ad 
jiioderna tempora, sEeculis mjiltis florentissimam, alijs turbidam, & postek lugu- 
brem, dum nuUus prope interea intercurrat annus, in quem non referat, vel 
nunc vnius, nunc multorum Sanctoriun, vel Episcoporum, Abbatum, aliorumque 
virorum, pietate & doctrina illustrium obitum, Ecclesiarumque nunc exstruc- 
tiones, nunc incendia, expilationes & deuastationes, plerumque per Paganum, 
& postea per h£Breticum militem factas. CoUegas viri pij, vti in tribus ante 
memoratis, ita & in hoc quarto opere, reliquis longe prgestantiori, prsecipui 
erant tres iam laudati, nempe Ferfessius o Moelchonaire, Peregrinus o Clery, 
&; Peregrinus o Dubgennan; viri in patria antiquitate consummataa eruditionis, 
& probata^ fidei. Accessit Sc his subinde cooperatio ahorum peritoruni Anti- 
quariorum, D. Mauritij o Moelchonaire, qui vno mense ; & D. Conarij Clery, 
qui pluribus in eo promouendo laborauit. Sed cum Annales hi, quos nos in 
hoc Tomo, & alijs sequentibus sispius citamus, fuerint tot Authorum opera & 
studio dispari, collecti & corapilati ; nee studium breuitatis permitteret singulos 
expressis nominibus semper citare, nee ajquitatis ratio multorum opus vni attri- 
buere ; hinc aliquando visum est eos a loco Annales Dungallmses appellare ; 
nam in Couventu nostro Dungallensi inchoati & consummati sunt. Sed postea 
ob alias rationes, potius ab ipsis compilatoribus, qui in facultate antiquaria 
erant quatuor peritissimi Magistri, duximus Annales Quatuor Magistrorum appel- 
landos. Tametsi enim iuxta iam dicta, plures quh,m quatuor ad eos expediendos 
concurrerint ; quia tamen ipse concursus erat sat dispar, & solum duo ex eis 
breui tempore, in exigua & posteriori operis parte laborarunt, alij vero quatuor 
in toto, saltem vsque ad annum 1267 (quo prior & potissima, nobisque solum 
necessaria, eius pars clauditur;) hinc sub eorum nomine illud citamus ; cum 
fere nunquam vel rarissime quidquam quod post ilium annum contigerit, veniat 
a nobis memorandum." 

Of the history of Conaire 'Clery, the second aniiahst, the Editor 
has learned nothing, except that he appears to have acted as scribe, 
and to have transcribed the greater portion of these Annals, probably 
at the dictation of his brother, or under his cUrections, from other 
manuscripts. He was not a member of any religious order, and ap- 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxvii 

pears to have had no property except his learning. His descendants, 
if he left any, are unknown. 

Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, the other annalist, was the head of 
the Tu'connell sept of the O'Clerys. He wrote in Irish a life of the 
celebrated Hvigh Hoc O'Donnell, who died in Spain in 1G02, which 
was transcribed, in many instances verbalim, into the Annals of the 
Four Masters. It appears from an Inquisition taken at Lifford on 
the 25th of May, 1632, that this Cucogry held the half quarter of the 
lands of Coobeg and Doughill, in the proportion of Monargane, in 
the barony of Boylagh and Bauagh, in the county of Donegal, from 
Hollandtide, 1631, until May, 1632, for which he paid eight pounds 
sterling per annmn to William Farrell, Esq., assignee to the Earl of 
Annandale; but, as the Inquisition states, "being a meere Irishman, 
and not of English or British descent or sirname," he was dispos- 
sessed, and the lands became forfeited to the King. Shortly after 
this period he removed, with many other families of Tirconnell, to 
Ballycroy, in the south of the barony of Erris, in the county of Mayo, 
under the guidance of Rory or Roger O'Donnell, the son of Colonel 
Manus O'Donnell, who was slain at Benburb in 1646, and who was a 
son of the celebrated NiaU Garv O'Donnell, who died in the Tower 
of London in the year 1626. He carried with him his books, which 
were his chief treasure, and which he bequeathed to his two sons, 
Dermot and John, as we learn from his autograph will, ^vhich was 
MTitten in Irish, at Curr-na-heillte, near Bm-rishoole, in the county 
of Mayo, and which is stiU extant, in rather bad preservation, in his 
genealogical manuscript, now in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. In this will, which was made shortly before his death, in 1664, 
he says : 

" I bequeath the property most dear to me that ever I possessed in this 
world, namely, my books, to my two sons, Dermot and John. Let them copy 
from them, without injuring them, whatever may be necessary for their purpose, 

d2 



^xviii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

and let tliem be equally seen and used by the children of my brother Carbry 
as by themselves ; and let them instruct them according to the * * * And I 
request the children of Carbry to teach and instruct their children." 

His son Dermot had a son, Cai'bry, who removed, with his wife 
and chilch-en, to the parish of Drung, in the county of Cavan. Carbry 
had a son, Cosnamhach or Cosney O'Clery, who was born in 1693, 
and died in 1759, leaving an only son, Patrick O'Clery, who married 
Anne, daughter of Bernard O'Gowan or Smith, of Lara, in the county 
of Cavan, and had by her six sons, the second of Avhom, John O'Clery, 
removed to Dublin in 1817, carrying with them the Leahhar-G ahhala , 
or Book of Invasions, the Book of Genealogies, the Life of Hugh Roe 
O'Donnell, and the topographical poems of O'Dugan and O'Heerin, 
all in the handwriting of liis ancestor, Cucogry or Peregrine, the 
annalist. 

Of the fom-th Master, Ferfeasa O'Mulconry, nothmg is knoAvn, but 
that he was a native of the county of Roscommon, and a hereditary 
antiquary. 

It remains now to say something of the monastery of Donegal, 
near which these Annals were compiled, and from which they have 
been called Atmales Dungallenses. It is situated on the bay of Done- 
gal, in the barony of Tirhugh, and county of Donegal. 

It was founded for Franciscan Friars of the Strict Observance, in 
the year 1474, by Hugh Roe, son of Niall Garbh O'Donnell, chief of 
Tirconnell, and his wife, Finola, daughter of Conor na Srona O'Brien, 
King of Thomond. — See annals of that year. 

The remains of this monastery are still to be seen, in tolerable 
preservation, at a short distance from the town of Donegal. Tlie 
cloister consists of small arches, supported by couplets of pillars on a 
basement. In one part are two narrow passages, one over the other, 
about four feet wide, ten long, and seven high, which seem to have 
been places for depositing valuable effects in times of danger. The 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxix 

upper one is covered with stones laid along on the beams of stone 
that cross it, and the lower one Avith stones laid across on the Avails. 
Ware says that this convent Avas flimous for a Avell-stored library, but 
it is impossible to ascertain AA^hat became of it. 

On the 2nd of August, 1601, the building Avas occupied by a gar- 
rison of 500 English soldiers ; and the friars fled into the fastnesses of 
the country, carrying Avitli them their chalices, vestments, and other 
sacred furniture, though probably not then* entire library. Shortly 
afterAvai-ds, O'Donncll laid siege to this garrison, and on the 19th of 
September following the building took fire, and was comj^letely de- 
stroyed, with the exception of one corner, into Avliich the soldiers 
retreated. It is more than probable that the library was destroyed 
on this occasion. — See A. D. 1601, and note ", under that year, 
p. b, 2252. 

After the restoration of Rory O'DonneU to his possessions, the 
brotherhood were permitted to live in huts or cottages near the mo- 
nastery, from whence they Avere not disturbed till the period of the 
Revolution. It Avas in one of these cottages, and not, as is generally 
supposed, in the great monastery now in ruins, that this Avork was 
compiled by the Fom- Masters. 

The folloAving curious account of the flight of the friars from this 
monastery is taken from a manuscript history of the Franciscans, in 
the College of St. Anthony, at Louvain, compiled by Fr. Antonius 
PurceU, under the direction of the Very Rev. Father Donough Mooney 
(Donatus Monaeus), Provincial of the Order of St. Francis, Nov. 2, 
A. D. 1617. The manuscript is noAv No. 3195, Manuscrit. Biblio- 
theque de Bourgogne, Bruxelles. 

" Anno 1600 eraraus ibi, scilicet [in] conventu Dunangallensi 40 fratres de 
familia, et officia divina nocturna et diurna fiebant cum cantu et solemnitatibus 
magnis. Habebam ipse curam sacristia3 in qua habui 40 indumenta sacerdota- 
lia cum suis omnibus pertinentiis, et multa erant ex tela aurea et argenteS, 



XXX 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



aliquot intertexta et elaborata auro ; reliqua omnia serica. Erant etiam 16 
calices argentei, et magni, ex quibus duo turn erant qui non erant deaurati, 
erant et duo ciboria pro s""" sacramento. Suppellex satis honesta : ecclesia ne 
vitro quidem caruit. Sed ingravescente bello, et hereticis aliqualiter praeva- 
lentibus, tandem potuerunt id efficere, ut principe O'Donnelo in aliis negotiis 
occupato ipsi ad oppidum Dunuangall pervenerint cum exercitu, et anno 1601, 
in festo S. Laurentii martyris in monasterio praesidium militum coUocarunt. 
Fratres quidam praeraoniti fugerunt ad loca silvestria, inde aliquot miliaribus 
distantia, et suppellextilem monasterii navi impositam ad alium tutiorem locum 
transtulerunt : ego ipse eram ex ultimis qui e conventu egressus sum, et in 
navi ilia fugam ca3pi. Sed hie erant rerum esitus ; conventus in quo erat illud 
praesidium militum, postea statim a principe^ obsidione cingitur, et Angli ibi 
existentes nimium arctantur. Accidit autem illis casus admirabilis ; una 
eademque bora, ignis, ut putatur diviuitus aedificia conventus corripit, et multos 
militum consumit, totumque conventum et ecclesiam incendit, et navis quae in 
portum ingrediebatur victualia illis suppeditans ad scopulum collisa est ; casu ? 
Qui superviscerunt adhuc ex Anglis intra fossas quas fecerunt se continuerunt, 
et ad deditiouem venire disposuerunt, deque articulis tractabant et conditionibus 
deditionis. Jam nuutiatur principi, Hispanos auxiliares duce D. Joanne de 
Aquila Kinsaliam in Momonia advenisse, et occupato oppido ab haereticis ibi 
obsidione cingi, tum non cunctandum ratus, re apud Dunnangall infect!, in 
Mommoniam proficiscitur, in itinere principi Onello et aliis occursurus, ut 
simul omnes Hispanis opem ferret. Sed neque Kinsaliae res bene successerunt, 
atque ita Hispani ad deditionem coacti sunt ; rebusque Catholicorum ita pro- 
fligatis, princeps O'Donnell in Hispaniam se contulit, anuoque sequenti 1602 
omnia loca sui dominii in haereticorum potestatem devenerunt, et inter caetera 
quae ibi perierunt suppellex ilia ecclesiastica conventus de Dunnangall fuit 
praidasOliveroLamberto gubernatoriConacia^ ex parte haereticorum; qm calices 
in cyphos profanos convertit, et vestes sacras in diversos profanos usus conver- 
tendos scindi et delacerari curavit, et sic tum ipse conventus, tum omnis sup- 
pellex ejus periit. Fratres autem usque in hodiernum diem vivunt tum per 
modum congregationis in locis magis tutis infra terminos et limites destructos 

' Red Hugh. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxi 

conventus, nee defuit illis semper suus guardianus et numerus ad minus 12 
fratrum. Aliqui etiam ex ipsis in alios conventus translati sunt. Pace postea 
facta, et principe O'Donnell mortuo Ilispania, frater ejus Rodericus obtinuit 
dominium majoxis partis principatus, et a rege Angliae titulo comitis fuit 
donatus, ciim is titulus mult6 minor suo praecedente titulo fuerit. Is cccpit 
conventum reacdificare, sed intelligens vitae suae Anglos insidiari, spem in sola 
fuga coUocans simul cum principe O'Nello in Flandriam se contulit, inde 
Romam, ubi mortui ambo sunt, ut satius infra dicetur ; fratresque sine protec- 
tore et opus imperfectum reliquit. Nunc autem Angli heretici omnia possident 
et permittunt antiquos fratres in locis subobscuris, quia brevi omnes morituros 
sciunt, residuum vitae traducere, aliquos aut recentiores illis addi facile non 
permitterent, et hie est presens status conventus illius." 

Having now given all that is known of the history of the Four 
Masters and of their labours, it will be necessary to exjDlain the manner 
in which this work has been translated and illustrated. It has been 
for some years generally acknowledged that Dr. O'Conor has fallen 
into many serious mistakes, not only in the translation, but also in 
deciphering the contractions of the autograph manuscript of the Four 
Masters ; and the Editor has taken more than ordinary pains to com- 
pai'e his printed text not only with the manuscripts above referred 
to, but also with the text of the older annals, and wdth all other ac- 
cessible manuscripts treating of ancient Irish history. 

The portion of the Annals of the Four Masters edited by Dr. 
O'Conor extends from the earliest accounts to the end of A. D. 1171 ; 
and the Editor of the present work originally intended to publish the 
second part only, namely, from 1171 to 1616, which was printed in 
thi-ee volumes quarto in 1848 ; but the great scarcity of Dr. O'Conor's 
edition, its inconvenient form to the English reader, and its many 
inaccuracies, subsequently induced the Editor to complete the work. 
It would be envious to speak of the errors of one to whom Irish 
literature is so much indebted as it is to Dr. O'Conor, who was, 



xxxu 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



moreover, the fii'st to attempt the preservation of our ancient anna- 
lists ; but it is necessary to say that the text in his edition is in many 
places corrupt, arising generally from his having mistaken the mean- 
ing of the contractions which he found in the original, and some- 
times also from his having indulged in conjectural emendations. 
These latter are commonly unfounded, and as they are often of a 
nature to give birth to historical mistakes they have been fully pointed 
out in the notes; for example : at the year A. M. 2530, he splits the 
word mafaip, mother, into math-oir, which he translates "Dnccs ofien- 
tales" to induce the reader to believe that a certain Cical Grigencho- 
sach came to Ireland this year with eastern leaders or chieftains, whereas 
the undoubted meaning of the passage is, that Cical came into Ireland 
this year with his mother. — See p. 5, note ". At the year A. D. 743, 
he turns Pejuil, the name of an Irish saint, into the Avords pe, by, and 
■^m\, foreigners, by which he attempts to prove that the Galls, Danes, 
or Norwegians, had come mto Ireland many years eai'lier than mo- 
dern Irish historians had stated ; bvit this discovery happens to be a 
mere blunder of his own, as the passage has no reference whatever 
to Danes or Norwegians, being a simple notice of a simple fact, that 
Arasgach, Abbot of Muicinis-Rcguil, an island in Lough Derg, in the 
Shannon, was droAvned. — See p. a, 345, note °. At the year 898, he 
turns the word rajijan, i. e. cpuujjan, which means a meagre or mise- 
rable ])er son, into Turaghat}, which he translates lurris ; whereas the 
passage is a simple obit of Cosgrach, Anchorite of luis-Cealtra, who 
was usually called the Truaghan, i. e. the Meagre or Miserable. 

Besides the manuscripts of these Annals accessible to the Editor 
ill Dublin, which have aheady been described, he availed himself, Avith 
the greatest diligence of Avhich he Avas capable, of the assistance of 
several other authorities. These he must noA\' briefly speak of. 

1. Keating' s History of Ireland. — This Avork, though much abused 
by modern Avriters, on account of some fables Avhich the author has 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxiii 

inserted, is, nevertheless, of great authority, and has been drawn from 
the most genuine sources of Irish history, some of which have been 
since lost. The Editor has several manuscript copies of this work, and 
a translation into Latin, also in manuscri2)t, and never published, by 
Dr. John Lynch, the author of Cambrensis E verms; but the most 
valuable copy of it Avhich the Editor ever saw, and of which he has 
read every word, is now preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin (H. 5. 26). It was purchased in London for the College, a few 
years ago, by Dr. Todd. It is in the handwriting of John, son of 
Torna O'Mulconry, of the Ardchoill family, in the county of Clare, a 
most profound Irish scholar, and a contemporary of Keating. 

2. The Leabhar-G ahhala of the O'Clerijs. — A beautiful copy of 
this work, in the handwriting of Peregrine O'Clery, one of the 
Four Masters, is preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. It consists of a series of authentic poems and other original 
documents, from the earliest accounts to the period of the English 
invasion, and is in fact a collection of the authorities and sources of 
the Bai'dic history of Ireland. Much use has been made of it, and 
many passages transcribed verbatim into their Annals by the Four 
Masters. 

3. An English Version of the Annals of Clomnacnoise, by Connell 
Mageoghegan, Esq., of Lismoyny, in the county of Westmeath ; finished 
on the last day of June, 1627. — This work, which begins with the 
earHest period, is carried down to the year 1408. The original An- 
nals in Irish are not known to be in existence, but the translation 
accords, in the latter years, with the text of the Annals of Connaught. 
In many entries it also agrees with the Annals of the Four Masters ; 
but in the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries the chi-onology is often 
antedated by four, five, and sometimes even seven years. This Avork 
is of great value, as it contains exact versions in English of all the 
peculiar idioms and phi-ases which occur in the various Irish Annals. 

e 



xxxiv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

The Editor has cai-efully compared it Avith the Annals of the Four 
Masters, and found that it contains some curious entries which they 
omitted, while they, on the other hand, record many historical events 
of which this clironicle takes no notice. — See note *", p. Ixiv. 

4. The Annals of Ulster. — Of these the Editor has compared two 
copies with the text published by Dr. O'Conor, namely, the Bodleian 
copy and Dublin copy. He has also compared a copy of an old 
translation of the Annals of Ulster, which was evidently made from 
the Bodleian manuscript, and which is now contained in two 
volumes in the British Museum, the first part extending from the 
year 431 to 1307, in the Clarendon Collection, torn. 49, Ayscough, 
4795 ; and the other, extending from 1307 to 1504, preserved in 
Clarend., tom. 20, Ays. 4784. The version is correct, but so literal 
that it seems rude and inelegant. Neither of the manuscripts is in the 
autograph of the translator, nor does either contain any entry which 
might afford a clue to discover who he was ; but the Editor is of 
opinion that the Avork was executed for Ussher or Ware, not, how- 
ever, by Duald Mac Firbis, as some have thought, but by Tuileagna 
O'Maelclionaire, or TuUy Conry, Avho is mentioned by the author of 
Camlrrensis Eversiis as a distinguished Irish scholar and antiquary. 
His handwriting and style of English appear in several manuscripts 
in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, as in Laud, 610, and also in the 
British Museum, Vesp. E. 11, Cotton, 115. — See the Proceedings of 
the Royal Irish Academij, vol. ii. p. 336. Upon a comparison of all 
these documents Avith the style and manner of this old English ver- 
sion of the Annals of Ulster, the Editor grounds his opinion. But, 
whoever was the author, the translation is exceedingly valuable ; for 
it has preserved to posterity the equivalent English of a great portion 
of the Irish language, as it Avas understood by one of the hereditary 
professional seannachies or chroniclers of Ireland, about tAvo centuries 
ago. Tlie copy of it used by the Editor Avas made for Dr. Todd, in 1844. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



XXXV 



5. The occasional Translations from the Annals of the Four Masters 
into Latin, which occur in the Acta Sanctorum of Colgan. — In the 
works of this learned, laborious, and honest writer, the Editor has 
found numerous passages faithfully translated fi'om the Annals of the 
Four Masters. His more lengthened and continuous translations from 
those Annals, which the Editor arranged, for his own use, into alpha- 
betical order, at the suggestion of the late Dr. Murphy, R. C. Bishop 
of Cork, are contained in his Annals, as follows, published in the Trias 
Thaum.: Armagh, pp. 292 to 311; lona, pp. 498 to 501; Derry, pp. 503 
to 507 ; Diu-row, pp. 507, 508 ; Kells, p. 508 ; Raphoe, p. 509 ; Swords, 
p. 509 ; Rechrainn, p. 509 ; Fahan, p. 510 ; Drumcliffe, p, 510 ; Kil- 
dai-e, pp. 628, 629, 630. 

6. A translation into very good Latin of Part of the Annals of the 
Four Masters, extending from the year 1547 to 1558. — The original 
manuscript of this translation is preserved in the Library of the British 
Museum, Cod. Clarend., tom. 20, Ayscough, 4784 ; and a copy, in the 
handwriting of Daniel Molyneux, Ulster King at Arms, in the Library 
of Trinity CoUege, DubHn, F. 1. 18, p. 287, et seq. This translation 
was made for Sir James Ware by some good Irish and Latin scholar, 
not imjjrobably Dr. Lynch, the author of Cambrensis Eversus. The 
Editor has printed the entire of this valuable piece in the present 
edition, and has thus laid before the reader the original Irish of the 
Four Masters, a Latin translation about two centuries old, beside his 
OAvn literal English translation of that portion of the Annals relating 
to the reign of Queen Mary. 

7. A Portion of the Arwals of Lecan, extending from the year 1443 
to 1468, translated into English in the year 1666, for the use of Sir 
James Ware, by Duald Mac Firbis. — The original manuscript of this 
translation, in the hand of the translator, is preserved in the Library 
of the British Museum, Cod. Clarend., tom. 68, Ayscough, 4799 ; and 
it has been recently printed from that manuscript, in the Miscellany 

e 2 



XXXVl 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



of the Irish Ai'chaeological Society. The Editor has not discovered 
any Irish original exactly corresponding with this translation ; but it 
contains many passages given also by the Four Masters, so that the 
authority of Duald Mac Fkbis has been, tlu-ough it, obtained for the 
meanings of a vast niunber of Irish words and phrases not used in the 
modern idiom. 

Many other translations, made from Irish annals, by the two 
O'Conors, O'Flanagan, O'Reilly, and various other modern Irish 
scholars, have been also procm'ed, but the Editor has found that they 
are not at all to be relied upon, with the exception of whatever Avas 
executed by Charles O'Conor of Belajiagare, who understood the Irish 
language well, though he always imjjroved on his original, and raised 
it to the level of his own "magniloquent style" of English. 

This patriotic and venerable gentleman was most anxious that 
these Annals should be preserved uncorrujjted for posterity ; but it 
appears from various letters of his to the Chevalier 'Gorman and 
others, that he had no rehance on the knowledge or accuracy of any 
of the Irish scholars then lining. As it was from a perusal of some of 
these letters that the Editor was fii'st stimidated to make himself 
acquainted with all the old translations of Irish annals accessible in 
Ireland and England, he thinks it may not be uninteresting to the 
reader to give some extracts, in which Charles O'Conor exj)resses his 
fears that the then general ignorance of the ancient language of Ire- 
land Avoidd lead to the corruption of these Annals ; and it may be 
further remarked, tliat the justice of his fears has been since clearly 
demonstrated, as well by the labours of his own grandson, the editor of 
the Reruin llihernicarmn Scrip/ores, as by those of others, who have 
attempted to translate portions of these Annals without possessing 
the necessary qualifications for the task. 

In his letter to the Chevalier O'Gorman, dated July 13th, 1781, 
when he was in his seventy-fu'st year, O'Conor says : 



INTRODUCTORY RP]MARKS. xxxvii 

" I knew well that the late Dr. O'Sullivan^ was unable to translate many 
parts (and those the best) of our ancient Annals. None but men learned in 
our old classic phraseology can undertake such a work." 

In another letter, dated May 31, 1783, he writes to the same 
individual as follows : 

" I approve greatly of your intention to get our Annals of the Four Masters, 
&c., translated. But if not undertaken by a man who has a critical knowledge 
of the phraseology, with the changes made therein from the sixth to the tenth 
century, the sense will be frequently mistaken, and a bad translation, in such a 
case, will be worse than none at all. Even a publication of the Irish text 
would require the collation of the different manuscripts for restoring the origi- 
nal reading, and correcting the blunders of ignorant transcribers. I am glad 
to have an assurance from you that the Rev. Mr. Mac Carthy, of Paris, is 
equal to such a task ; but I am sorry to aver my opinion (from experience), 
that few in this country will patronize him, and without a large subscription 
no work of this magnitude can be undertaken." 

Again, July 23, 1783 : 

" I request that you will make your scribe to confine himself to an accurate 
fac-simile, the contractions being singularly uncommon, and explainable only 
by readers long and well acquainted with our writings. This caution is the 
more necessary, as any deviation from the original, by an unskilful scribe, would 
render the text unintellis;ible." 

Again, September 14, 1783 : 

" But the worst of it is, I doubt that you have a man in France or Ireland 
who could decipher the contractions. In my province of Connaught I know 
of none (I am sure there is none), myself excepted, who can read these Annals, 

= Dr. Francis Stoughton Sullivan was a Fel- manuscripts whicli now distinguishes the Uni- 

low of Trinity College, and afterwards Professor versity Library. He died March 1, 1766. Ac- 

of English and Feudal Law in the University of cording to his pedigree, given in manuscript in 

Dublin. He was mainly instrumental in laying the Library of the Eoyal Irish Academy, he was 

the foundation of the valuable collection of Irish of a junior branch of theO'SuUivan More family. 



xsxviii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

or explain many of the terms, though they could read them. In the margins 
of these Annals you will find several notes of mine, and I would caution you 
against their being transcribed, lest they should be mistaken for any part of the 
original." 

Again, November 14, 1783 : 

" At last I found a messenger that could be trusted with conveying the 
Connaught Annals safe into your hands. In this province I know of none 
but myself who can read or explain them, and the difficulty being likely to 
increase every day, it will be the more necessary for your copyist to transcribe 
them exactly as he finds them. Let his transcript be what we call a fac-simile, 
for otherwise corruptions will creep into the text, and consequently your copy, 
far from being of use, will only have the effect of multiplying mistakes. In 
truth, as our original will be soon lost, I dread that our copies, falling into un- 
skilful hands, will have this effect. Our originals, therefore (as our great 
countryman, Mr. Burke, recommends), should be printed under the eye of a 
learned Editor, Avith a literal translation in English or Latin. K this be 
omitted (as I foresee it Avill), the treasures still preserved in our language will 
be as certainly lost as those that have long since perished." 

The reader will have now seen the difficulties with which an 
Editor had to contend at his first entering upon this task, and how 
necessary it was that he should procure all the old translations within 
his reach. 

A few words must here be added to explain the plan adopted for 
printing the original text and the translation of these Annals, and on 
the nature and style of the original. The second part of these Annals 
was the first printed and published, and as the Editor had the use of 
two autograph copies, and did not wish to take upon himself the 
responsibility of deciding upon the mode of printing this very heavy 
work, he requested the Publishers to submit the question to those 
scholars and anti(iuaries on whose judgment they had most reliance ; 
and, accordingly, it Avas submitted, on the 7th of February, 1845, to 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxix 

the following persons : the Rev. Dr. Todd, F. T. C. D., Vicc-Pres. R.I. A. ; 
George Pctrie, Esq., LL. D., Vice-Pres. R.I.A.; Aquilla Smith, Esq., 
M. D., M. R. I. A.; and Joseph Huband Smith, Esq., Barrister at Law, 
M.R.I.A.. 

The Editor first stated his own opinion as to the mode of printing 
the original and translation, but finally submitted to the foUoAving 
rules, which were committed to writing by the Rev. Dr. Todd : 

" I. The manuscript of the Royal Irish Academy to be followed ; variations 
of the College copy to be inserted in brackets, if of sufficient importance to be 
put in the text ; if of minor importance, to be mentioned in the notes. 

" II. The stops to be exactly as in the Academy copy, except that, at the 
end of a paragraph or entry, a full point is always to be used. 

" III. Capital letters are not to be used in the Irish text, except where 
they occur in the original. 

" IV. The separate entries to be in distinct paragraphs, even though they 
be not so in the original. 

" V. The original Irish names of persons and places to be given in the 
translation, as far as possible, in their received anglicised spellings, noticing 
irregularities, or modern corrupt variations, in the notes ; but such names as 
are obsolete, unknown, or doubtful, to be given in the original Irish spelling. 

" VI. Italics to be used in tlie translation only where words, not in the 
original, are supplied. 

"VII. Brackets [ ] to be used when insertions are made, not in the original, 
but which are necessary for explaining ambiguities, or filling up chasms in the 
sense. Italics to be used when insertions are made which are necessary from 
the diflPerent idioms of the two languages." 

In printing the fii'st part, from A. M. 2242 to A. D. 1171, as no 
autograph copy was accessible to the Editor, he has used capital let- 
ters in proper names, and arranged the paragraphs as in Dr.O'Conor's 
edition. The proper names are always given in the original Irish 
spelling in the text of the translation. — See p. xxxi., suprii. 



xl INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

With respect to the style of these Annals, it will be seen that it 
varies with the authorities from w^hich the different entries have 
been extracted. In the fii'st part the language is extremely simple, 
and few instances of inflation are observable ; but in the second part 
the style varies a good deal : in the same page Avill be observed the 
extreme veracious simj)licity of the Annals of Ulster, and the turgidly 
redundant style of the romantic tales of the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries. In the more lengthened descriptions of battles, this in- 
flated style is particularly observable ; and the Editor has most care- 
fully preserved, in the translation, the order and literal meanings of 
all the epithets, often almost synonymous, with which many sentences 
are overloaded. It wiU be also observed that CA^en in the more simple 
and unimijassioned narratives there is usually a double expression, 
such as " plundered and preyed," "battered and broke," "banished 
and expelled," "killed and destroyed." This pleonasm of style, which 
is not unlike that of the language of the English law, has been as 
much as possible imitated by the Editor in the translation, so that 
the reader may see the exact force of each Irish word by comparing 
the original with the translation. 

It should also be observed, that some entries have been hurriedly 
and carelessly transcribed, from their rcsiDcctive originals, by the Four 
INIastcrs, and that several of their after-insertions between the lines 
are so arranged as to render the construction inelegant. The Editor 
has compared such entries with the more ancient Annals in every 
possible instance, and pointed out in the notes what has been omitted 
or u'rcgularly transcribed by the Four Masters ; but, tlu-oughout the 
second part, he has printed their oA^n text exactly as it is found in 
their autograph manuscript, in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy, dispensing, in every instance, with their contractions, except 
their -\, i. e. uguf, and ; their f, which is sometimes e simple, and 
sometimes ea ; and their ;r, which is for oeic, /c/i. All the gramma- 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xli 

tical terminations, which they have generally Avritten in contractions, 
have been printed in full, according to the rules laid down by the 
Editor in his Irish Grammar. 

The general Index to the whole will facilitate the references, not 
only to the names of men and places, but also to remarkable subjects, 
such as battles, burnings, demolitions, &.C., and thus supply a great 
defect in Dr. O'Conor's edition of the first part of the Irish Annals, 
which is unaccompanied by any index of this Idnd. The following 
letter, written by Dr. O'Conor, a short time before his death, to 
Mr. Ilardiman, will show that he regretted not having been able to 
make indexes to his edition of the Irish Annals : 

" Stowe, 10th March, 1825. 
"^Dear Sir, — I feel that I ought to make an humble apology for my silence 
ever since I had the honor of receiving from you your valuable History of 
Galway, for his Grace of Buckingham and Chandos's Collection, and your 
Catalogue of the Maps, Sec, in Trinity College Library, for my own. I value 
your History highly, as every one must who is disgusted by the silly assertions, 
the loose references, the false chronology, the inflated style of most of our 
modern writers. For the same reason I value your Catalogue, and only lament 
that you had not more abundant materials. In return for your kind present to 
me, I shall send you a copy of my Tighernach, as soon as it comes out in the 
month of May. The original is printed in one column, and the version, almost 
literal, opposite in another, in imitation of the Saxon Chronicle. The original 
is taken from the Duke of Chandos's MS., now in the Bodleian. It is the 
oldest known. If you will call in the Bodleian for the MS. Eawlinson, 
No. 488, you Avill iind that my labour must have been excessive, even had I 
confined it to deciphering the text. It is far from my intention to sound my 
own praise ; my object is merely to shew you that I feel a just sense of the 
urbanity which induced you to send me your works. My Tighernach wants 
only an Index. But that Index will require more time than would be neces- 
sary, if I enjoyed a better state of health. In the same volume, intituled Rerum 
Hibernicarum Scriptores, vol. 2, you will find the Annals of Innisf alien and of 

f 



xlii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

Boyle^ from the original MSS. in the Bodleian and Cotton Libraries. These are 
finished in like manner, with the exception of Indexes. The Annals of the 
Fom- Masters, as far as the first volume extends, that is, to the pretended 
Anglo-Norman conquest of Ireland, are finished (with the same exception) 
from the original in this Library. The second volume, in the Dublin Library, is 
so mutilated, that I leave that fragment to the care of posterity, contented with 
ending where Giraldus, IloUingshead, Leland, and most of our modern histo- 
rians, begin. The Annals of Ulster are also printed down to the same time, 
from the Bodleian MS., so that we have all that is known of ancient Irish 
history down almost to the death of Henry the Second. 

" I write, in this damp weather, with such a tremulous hand, that I was com- 
pelled to dictate the above to an amanuensis. But I cannot commit to another 
the pleasui'e of transmitting to you his Grace the Duke of Buckingham's and 
Chandos's thanks for your Galway. 

" I have the honour to be, dear Sir, 

" With sincere esteem and regard, 

" Your much obliged and humble Servant, 
" Chaeles O'Conor." 

With respect to the chronology of these Annals, from A. M. 2242 
doAvn to the period of Cimbaeth, no competent scholar can doubt 
that it is arbitrary and uncertain. But we are not to suppose that 
the Four Masters are altogether responsible for it. This eaiiy portion 
of the Annals, it must be borne in mind, was compiled by them from 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, and from different other authorities, 
such as the Synchronisms of Flann, the Poems of Maelmura on the 
Origin of the (iacidhil, the Poems of Gillacacmhain, Eochaidli 
O'Floinn, and various other sources ; and, as compilers, their duty 
was to place such accounts as were accessible of direct computation 
in as natural and reasonable an order as possible. Unfortunately, 
however, among all the events narrated, no eclipse of the sun or moon, 
or a])pearance of a comet, or any other astronomical i)henomenon, 
is recorded, by Avhich their authenticity could be tested or a certain 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xliii 

date fixed. OTlaherty expresses his surprise, indeed, at the minute 
chronological accuracy with which the earliest historical facts (as he 
considers them) are noticed by Irish historians; such as the arrival 
in Ireland of Ceasair, the granddaughter of Noah, with a band of 
antediluvians, forty days before the flood, on the fifteenth day of the 
moon, being the Sabbath ; and the landing of Partholan at Inbher- 
Sgeine, in Kerry, in the month of May, the fourteenth day of the 
moon, on a AVcchiesday. From the minuteness of these dates the 
author oiOfjijqia, instead of having his suspicions aroused, does not 
hesitate to conclude that the Pagan Irish had, from the earliest 
period, a most accurate system of chronologj'. But it never seems 
to have occurred to him to ask the simple question, how were the 
age of the moon and the day of the week at the landing of Ceasair 
and Partholan handed down to the Irish writers, seeing that, accord- 
ing to those writers themselves, Ceasair and her followers perished 
in the fiood, and that Partholan and his colony were all carried ofi" 
by the plague ? The bardic historians reply b}' getting still deeper 
into fiction, and relating that Fintan, the son of Bochra, who accom- 
panied Ceasair into Ireland, after having passed through various 
transmigrations, at length assumed the hiunan form in the time of 
St. Patrick, and lived doAvn to the time of St. Finian of Magh-bile, 
to whom he narrated all the events that had taken j)lace in Ireland 
up to that period. O'Flaherty rejects this as a clumsy fable, but 
finds himself constrained, in order to support his chronological 
theory, to insist that the Pagan Irish had the use of letters, and an 
accm-ate system of chi'onology, from the eai'liest period of the colo- 
nization of Ireland. 

This Avay of proving the authenticity of Irish chronology only 
damages true history ; but at the same time there is a mode of ex- 
plaining the entries in question, so as to obviate the necessity of 
rejecting them altogether : we have only to assume that they are 

f2 



xliv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

facts preserved by oral tradition, and that the Irish writer who first 
attempted to fix the age of the moon and the day of the week, on 
^vhich Ceasau- landed in Ireland, made such calculations as he was 
able to make (whether correct or not is of no consequence), comput- 
ing forty days before to the usually assumed date of Noah's flood, 
and seeking to account for his accurate knowledge of the date so 
assumed by means of a bold fiction. In this latter object, strange to 
say, he partially succeeded ; for, silly as it may now seem to us, it 
is a fact that the fable connected with these dates passed current 
amongst the Irish literati down to the seventeenth centm'y; for, 
though Eochy O'Flannagan of Ai'magh, in the eleventh century, gave 
no credit to the story of Fintan having survived the general deluge, 
his scepticism surely did not arise from its improbabihty, but because 
it involved a statement "contrary to the holy Scriptui-e, wliich sayeth 
that aU the world were di'owned in the General Flood, saveing Noeh 
and his three sons, Shem, Cham, and Japheth, with their fower 
Avivcs." — Ann. Clan. See p. 2, note ''. 

It is therefore, surely, infinitely more probable that an early Irish 
chronologist made a calculation of the age of the moon*', and the 

'' T/ie age (jf the moon Dr. O'Conor has the marbles, which were composed sixty years after 

following observations on this subject, in his the death of Alexander, take no notice of Olym- 

account of the Annals of the Four Masters, in piads. There are no fixed epochs in Herodotus 

the Stowe Catalogue, p. 114, n. 2 : or Thucydidcs. TimKus of Sicily, who flou- 

" The Europeans had no chronology before rished in the r2yth Olympiad, or about the 

the conquest of Darius the Mede, by Cyrus, middle of the third century before Christ, was 

538 years before Christ. The chronology wc the first who attempted to establish an a;ra, by 

now have of more ancient times is technical, comparing the dates of Olympiads, Spartan 

and has been brought to a great degree of accu- Kings, Archons of Athens, and Priestesses of 

racy by Petavius and Ussher. Polybius says Juno, which he adapted to one another, accord- 

(L 5, § 33) that Ephorus, the disciple of Isocrates, ing to the best of his judgment Where he left 

and the liistorian of Cuma;, was the first who ofT Polybius began. 

attempted to reduce chronology into a regular " Tliose who have adopted the chronology of 

science, in the lime of Philip of Macedon, the LXX., which makes the world older than it 

about 350 years before Christ. The Arundelian is in the; Hebrew text, are ably refuted by Natalis 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlv 

day of the week, as they would retrospectively stand forty days be- 
fore the deluge, than that he found anything pui-jiorting to be a 
record of the date of Ceasair's arriTal on stone, tile, or iiarchmcnt. 
It would be easier to receive the whole story of Ceasair and her fol- 
lowers, as well as the date, for a fabrication, than to suppose that any 
written or inscribed record of such a fact could have existed before 
the use of letters, or even of hieroglyphics, was known to mankind. 
The accuracy of ancient dates being thus apocryphal, we are 
driven to regard the catalogue of kings, given by Gilla-Caemain and 
others, as a mere attempt at reducing to chi-onological order the 
accumulated traditions of the poets and seanachies of Ireland. But 
that a list of Irish monarchs was attempted to be made out at a very 
eai'ly period is now generally admitted by the best antiquaries. 
Mr. Pinkcrton, Avho denies to the Irish the use of letters before their 
conversion to Christianity, still admits the antiquity of their list of 
kings : 

" Foreigners" (he remarks,) "may imagine that it is granting too much to 
the Irish to allow them lists of kings more ancient than those of any other 
country in modern Europe ; but the singularly compact and remote situation 
of that island, and its freedom from Roman conquest, and from the concussions 
of the fall of the Roman Empire, may infer this allovpance not too much. But 
all contended for is the hst of kings, so easily preserved by the repetition of 
bards at high solemnities, and some grand events of history." — Inquiry into the 
History of Scotland. 

At what period regular annals first began to be compiled with 
regard to minute clu'onology we have no means of determining ; but 

Alexander. Every discovery, and every vestige "Praeterea si nulla fuit genitalis origo, 
of the history of man, tends to prove that this Terrarum, et Coeli, semperque aiterna fuere, 
planet is not inhabited above 6000 years. The Cur supra bellum Thebanum, & funera Troja, 
glaring truth of the recent origin of man is Non alias alij quoque resceoinere PoetEe ? 
acknowledged even by Lucretius, 1. 5, De Ker. Quare etiam quaedam nunc artes expoliuntur, 
Nat. : Nunc etiam aui'escunt ?" 



xlvi INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

we may safely infer from the words of Tighernacli, that the ancient 
historical documents existing in his time were all regarded by him 
as uncertain before the period of Cimbaeth, the commencement of 
whose reign he fixes to the year before Chi'ist 305. His significant 
words, omnia monumenta Scotorum usque Cimbaeth incerta erant, 
inspire a feeling of confidence in this compiler which commands 
respect for those facts which he has transmitted to us, even when 
they relate to the period antecedent to the Christian era. The 
Annals of Ulster are also free from the objections that haye been 
alleged against the early portion of the Annals of the Fom' Masters, 
the compiler beginning with the mission of Palladius to the Seoti, 
and frequently citing the names of the authors or compilers whose 
works he had before him, the oldest of which is Mochta, the patron 
saint of Louth, and Cuana (genitive, Cuanach), Avho seems to be 
" Cuana scriba Treoit," whose death is recorded under the year 
739 ; and Dubhdalethe, who was at first Lector and afterAvards 
Ai'chbishop of Ai'magh, and who died in the year 1065. The follow- 
ing passages, extracted from the Annals of Ulster, Avill show that 
they have been copied from various sources : 

"A. D. 439. Chronieon magnum scriptum est." 

"A. D. 4G7. Quies Benigni Episcopi, successoris Patricii. Cena Uempa la 
hQilill TTIolc. Sic in lihro Cuanach inveni." 

"A. D. 4G8. Bellum Oumai Qclii]! poji Oilill TTIolc. Sic inveni in Lihro 
Cuanach." 

" A. D. 471. Preda seeunda Saxonum de Hihernia ut alii dicunt in isto anno 
diducta est, ut Modus dicit. Sic in Lihro Cuanach inveni" 

"A. D. 475. Bellum bpeg hCile pe nQilill TTIolc. Sic in Lihro Cuanach 
inveni." 

"A. D. 482. Bellum Oche la Lu^ai6 mac Lae^aipe a-^uy la TTliiipceap- 
cach mac Capca, in quo cecidit Qilill TTIolc. .1 Concoharo filio Nesse usque 
(id Copmac fdium Qipc (Uini cccviii. ; a Copmac usque ad hoc helium cxvi. ut 
Cuana scripsit." 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlvii 

"A. D. 489. Bellum Cinn Copnaoo, ubi cecidii Oen-^uy jilius Narpjimch 
]ii^ Ulurhan, ut Cuana scripsit." 

" A. D. 527. Vel hie dormitatio Brigide secundum librum Mochod [Mochtas]. 

" A. D. 534. Dormitatio Mocta discipuli Fatricii xiii. Kal. Sepdeinh. Sic ipse 
scripsit in Ep'istola sua ' Macutenus peccator presbiter S. Patricii disoipidus in 
Dno. salutem! " — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 544. Ompmaio regnare incqnt, secundum Librum Cuanach." 

"A. D. 552. Mors C|iiTnrainn mic bpiuin. Sic in Libro Cuanach inveni." 

" A. D. 598. Quies Cainnij in QcaiD bo, ut Cuana docet." 

"A. D. 600. Terre motus in baippclii. 3Iors bjienoainn mic Coipppi mic 
peichme. Sic inveni in Libro Cuanach." 

" A. D. 602. Omnia quce scripta sunt in anno sequente inveni in Libro 
Cuanacli, in isto esse perfecta." 

" A. D. 610. Quies Colmain 6lo. Sic est in Libro Cuanach." 

" A. D. 628. 3Iors Gchbac 6ui6e, regis Pictorum, filii QeDain. Sic in 
Libro Cuanach inveni. Vel, sicut in Libro Duiboalere narratur." 

" A. D. 642. Cellach et Conall Cael regnare inciijiunt, ut alii dicunt. Hie 
dubitatur qids regnavit post Oorhnall. Dicunt alii historiographi regnasse qua- 
tuor reges .i. Cellach et Conall Cael, et duojilii QeDa Slaine .i. Oiapmaic et 
blarmac per commixta regna? 

"A. D. 972. Conga la Oomnall hUa Neill oe Oabull Oap Sliab nUair 
CO Loch nQinoenne, quod non factum est ab antiquis temporibus. Sic in Libro 
Ouibhoaleichi." 

"A. D. 1021. Cpech la mac Qeba hUi Neill nap hUib Dopcainn, &c. 
Sic in libro Ouiboaleichi." 

From these notices we have reason to believe that the ecclesias- 
tical writers carried forward a continuous chi'onicle from age to age ; 
each succeeding annalist ti'ansmitting the records which he found 
existing along Avith his own; thus giving to the whole series the 
force of contemporary evidence. 

The precision with which the compiler of the Annals of Ulster 
has transmitted the account of an eclipse of the sun, which took 
place in the year 664, affords a proof that this entry was derived from 



xlviii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

a contemporaneous record. — See note % under A. D. 664, p. 277. 
Venerable Bede, who is followed by the Four Masters, mentions this 
solar eclipse as haying occurred on the third day of May ; but the 
Annals of Tighernach and Ulster have preserved the exact day and 
horn-. Bede having evidently calculated the time according to the 
Dionysian cycle, the error of which Avas not detected in his time, 
and the Irish annalists having copied the passage from the record of 
one who had seen this ecHpse, and noted it at the time of obserAa- 
tion. The following notices of ccHpses and comets, copied from 
vai'ious works by the compiler of the Annals of Ulster, will shoAV that 
they were recorded by eye-witnesses. The reader is to bear in mind 
that the Annals of Ulster are antedated by one year up to 1014, and 
that, in comparing these eclipses with the catalogue of eclipses com- 
posed by modern astronomers, he should add one year to the respec- 
tive dates. 

" A. D. 495 [496]. Solis defedio." 

" A. D. 511 [512]. Defectus soils contigiC 

" A. D. 590 [591]- Defectio solis .i. mane tenebrosum." 

"A. D. 613 [614]. Stella [comata] visa est hora octava die^ 

" A. D. 663 [664]. Tenehre in Kalendis Mail in ii'' hora." 

" A. D. 673 [674]. Nnhes tenuis et tremula ad speciem celestis arms iv. vigilia 

noctis vi. feria ante pasca ab oriente in occidentem per serenum eelmn apparuit. 

Luna in sanguinem versa est." 

"A. D. 676 [677]. Stella comata visa in mense Septembris et Odobris." 

" A. D. (191 [692]. Luna in sanguineum colorem in Natali S. Martini 

versa est." 

"A. D. 717 [718]. Eclipsis lune in plenelunio" 

" A. D. 752 [753]. Sol tenebrosus" 

"A. D. 761 [762]. Luna tenebrosa. Nox lucida in Autwnno." 

" A. D. 762 [763].' Sol tenebrosus in hora tertia." 

" A. D. 772 [773]. Lima tenebrosa ii. Nonas Decembris." 

" A. U. 787 [788]. Luna rubra in similitudinem sanguinis xii. Kal. Martii" 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlix 

" A. D. 806 [807]. Luna in sanguinem versa est." 

" A. D. 864 [865]. Edipsis solis in Kal. Jamiarii, et Edipsis Lune in eodem 

anno." 

" A. D. 877 [878]. Edipsis Lune Idibus Octobris iv. Lune." 

" A. D. 884 [885]. Edipsis Solis et visce smit stella in Cedor 

" A. D. 920 [921]. Edipsis Lune xv. Kal. Jan. feria prima liora nodis" 

" A. D. 1018. The Comet permanent this year for 14 days in harvest." — 

Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 1023. An Eclipse of the Moone the 4th Id. of January, being 

Thursday. An Eclipse of the Sunn the 27th of the same Moone, on Thursday." 

— Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

"A. D. 1031. An Eclipse on the day before the Calends of September." — 

Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

"A. D. 1065 [1066]. There appeared a Commett for the space of three 

nights, which did shine as clear as the Moone at the full." — Ann. Clon. 

The dates assigned to these eclipses are confirmed by their accord- 
ance with the catalogue of eclipses in L'Art de J^er. les Dates, torn. i. 
pp. 62-69 ; and from this accuracy it must be acknoAvlcdgcd that they 
have been obtained by actual observation, and not from scientific cal- 
culations ; for it is well knoAvn that any after calculations, made before 
the correction of the Dionysian period, would not have given such 
correct results, 

Mr. Moore has the following remarks upon the eclipse of 664 : 

" The precision with which the Irish annalists have recorded to the 
month, day, and hour, an eclipse of the sun, which took place in the year 664, 
affords both an instance of the exceeding accuracy with which they observed 
and noted passing events, and also an undeniable proof that the annals for that 
year, though long since lost, must have been in the hands of those who have 
transmitted to us that remarkable record. In calcidating the period of the 
same eclipse, the Venerable Bede, led astray, it is plain, by his ignorance of 
that yet undetected error of the Dionysian cycle, by which the equation of the 
motions of the sun and moon was affected, — exceeded the true time of the 



1 INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

event by several days. Whereas the Irish chronicler, wholly ignorant of the 
rules of astronomy, and merely recording what he had seen passing before his 
eyes, — namely, that the eclipse occurred about tlie tenth hour on the 3rd of 
May, in the year 664, — has transmitted a date to posterity, of which succeeding 
astronomers have acknowledged the accuracy." — History of Ireland, vol. i. 
p. 163. 

At what period it became the practice in Ireland to record public 
events in the shape of annals has not been yet accurately determined ; 
but it will not be too much to assume that the practice began with 
the fii-st introduction of Chi'istianity into the country. Now, it is 
highly probable that there were Chiistian communities in Ireland 
long before the final estabUshment of Chi'istianity by St. Patrick, in 
the fifth century. We learn from St. Chi-ysostom, in his Demonstratio 
(juod Christus sit Dens, written in the yeai" 387, that the British Islands, 
situated outside the Mediterranean Sea, and in the very ocean itself, 
had felt the power of the Divine Word, churches having been founded 
there and altars erected'. 

But the most decided evidence that the Irish had the use of 
letters before St. Patrick's time, is derived from the account of 
Celestius, an Irishman, the favourite disciple of the heresiarch Pela- 
gius. St. Jerome, alluding to a criticism of Celestius upon his Com- 
mentaries on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Ephesiaus, thus launches 
out against this bold heretic : 

" Nuper indoctus calumniator crupit, qui Commentarios mcos in epistolam 
Pauli ad Ephesios reprchendendos putat. Nee intelligit, nimia stertens vecor- 

' KnJ 7a/) n't BficTaviKril vi^aoi, a'l ti/? OnXoTTj/s where accompanied Christiauity, had beenknown 

LKToi Kci/ievai TavTiji, K(u tV ainw ovaai tiv I'oKcai'ut ill Ireland at tliat dutc. The accurate Innes 

T/;-,- ouvufxcwi Tou I't^/iaroi ijaOovTo- kuI rfuf) Kelxec thinks it " not unreasonable to believe that pri- 

t^KKXijaiai Kill Ovffmmi'ifita Tn-mj'(aaiv S. Cliry- vate individuals at least, among the Irish, had 

sost. 0pp., torn. i. 575. B. Ed. Bcned. the use of letters before the coming of St. Pa- 

But, if such were the case, we may reasonably trick, considering that it may have happened 

conclude that the use of letters which every- that some of the Irish before that time, passing 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. li 

di&, leges Commentariorum, &c nee recordatur stolidissimus, et Scotorum 

pultibus pra3gravatus, nos in ipso dixisse opere : non damno digamos imo nee 
trigamos, et si fieri potest octogamos : plus aliquid inferam etiam scortatorem 
recipio pcenitentem"'''. 

And again in the Procmium to his third book on Jeremiah, St. 
Jerome thns more distinctly mentions the native country of Celestius: 

" Hie tacet, alibi crirainatur : mittit in universum orbem epistolas biblicas 
prius auriferas, nunc maledicas et patientiam nostram, de Christi liumilitate 
venientem, malaj conscientitc signum interpretatur. Ipseque mutus latrat per 
Alpinum [al. Albinuin] canem quandem et corpvUentuin, et qui calcibus magis 
possit scevire, quam dentibus. Habet enim progeniem Scotiese gentis, de Bri- 
tannorum vicinia : qui juxta fabulas Poetarum, instar Cerberi spirituali percu- 
tiendus est clava, ut asterno, cum suo magistro Plutone silentio conticescat"'. 

It appears from Gennadius, who flourished A. D, 495, that before 
Celestius was imbued with the Pelagian heresy, he had written from 
his monastery to his parents three epistles, in the form of little books, 
containing instructions necessary for all those desirous of serving God, 
which, by the way, bore no trace of the heresy which he afterAvards 
broached. The words of Gennadius are as follows : 

" Celestius antequam Pelagianum dogma incurreret, imo adhuc adolescens, 
scripsit ad parentes de monasterio Epistolas in modum libellorum tres, omnibus 
Deum desiderantibus necessarias. Moralis siquidem in eis dictio nil vitii post- 
modum proditi, sed to turn ad virtutis incitamentum tenuit"". 

This passage affords sufficient evidence to prove that the Scotica 
gens, in the neighbourhood of Britain, had the use of letters towards 

over to Britain, or other parts of the Eoman thought that the Scotica gens, here referred to, 

empire, where the use of letters was common, was the modern Scotland ; but this question 

might have learned to read and write." has been long since settled. Ireland was the 

'' Hieron. Prolog, in lib. i. in Hieremiam. 0pp. only country called Scotia in St. Jerome's time, 

Ed. Vallarsii, torn. iv. or until the twelfth century. 

' Prolog, i. lib. Hi. in Hieremiam. Some have " Gennadius de Script. Eccl. c. 44. 

g2 



lii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

the close of the fourth century ; and it may be added, that a country 
that produced such able men as Celestius and Albinus could hardly 
have been an utter stranger to civilization at the time they flourished. 
On the whole, it may be conjectured, Avith probability, that letters 
were known to the Irish about the reign of Cormac, son of Ai't ; and 
this throws the boundary between what must have been traditional, 
and what may have been original written records, so far back as to 
remove all objection on that ground to the authenticity of the fol- 
lowing Annals, from at least the second centm-y of the Christian era. 
The reader will find these conclusions supported by the opinions 
of a historian of the highest character, on the general authenticity 
and historical value of that portion of the Irish Annals made accessible 
to him by the labom-s of Dr. O'Conor : 

" The clironicles of Ireland, written in tlie Irish language, from the second 
century to the landing of Henry Plantagenet, have been recently published, 
with the fullest evidence of their genuineness and exactness. The Irish nation, 
though they are robbed of their legends by this authentic publication, are yet 
by it enabled to boast that they possess genuine history several centuries more 
ancient than any other European nation possesses, in its present spoken lan- 
guage. They have exchanged their legendary antiquity for historical fame. 
Indeed, no other nation possesses any monument of its literature, in its present 
spoken language, which goes back within several centuries of these chronicles"". 

"Sir James Mackintosb, History of England, domain of history enabled him fully to appre- 

vol. i. chap. 2. On this passage Mr. Moore re- ciate any genuine addition to it." — Ilistorij of 

marks : "With the exception of the mistake into Ireland, vol. i. p. 168. 

which Sir James Mackintosh has here, rather Whether what Mr. Moore calls a mistake on 

unaccountably, been led, in supposing that, the part of the English historian was really one 

among the written Irish chronicles which have may be fairly questioned. It is evident that Sir 

come down to us, there are any so early as the James Mackintosh was of opinion that there 

second century, the tribute paid by him to the were entries in the Annals of Tighernach which 

authenticity and historical importance of these were copied from passages originally committed 

documents appears to me in the highest degree to writing in the second century ; and there is 

deserved ; and comes with the more authority nothing adduced by Mr. Moore or others to in- 

froni a writer whose command over the wide validate this opinion. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. liii 

The Editor cannot close these remarks without returning thanks 
to the Provost and Senior Fellows of Trinity College, Dublin, for 
allowing him the use of then* splendid collection of Irish manuscripts ; 
and to such friends as have assisted him in the present work. Among 
these friends he must reckon, as the fii'st in order, our most eminent 
antiqvuiry, George Petrie, Esq., LL.D., &c., who has read all the sheets 
of the second part as they passed through the Press, and made many 
valuable suggestions. To Mr. Eugene Curry, by whom the autograph 
of this work was copied for the Press, and who has supplied very 
many examjjles from ancient glossaries to elucidate the meanings of 
difficult words, and various manuscript authorities, unexplored by any 
but himself, to illustrate the ancient topography, he feels particularly 
indebted. To James Hardiman, Esq., M. P. LA., whose labours as a 
member of the late Irish Record Commission have rendered him fami- 
liar with all the som'ces of Anglo-Irish history, he must return his 
special thanks ; from him he has received, freely and liberally, not 
only his vakiable opinion on several historical points, but also many 
Anglo-Irish law documents bearing on the history of the Irish chief- 
tains, Avhich have never been jjublished. The Editor has, moreover, 
to acknowledge his many obligations to the Rev. Dr. Todd, F.T.C.D., 
who has kindly afforded him every facility in consulting the College 
manuscripts, as well as the benefit of his enlightened criticism on 
many historical points throughout the entire progress of the work. 

The Editor has also been assisted by various others, but more 
especially by his friend, Captain Larcom, R. E., who has been the 
active promoter of Irish litcratm*e, antiquities, and statistics, ever since 
the summer of 1825, and who, during his connexion with the Ord- 
nance Sm'vey, exerted himself most laudably to illustrate and preserve 
the monuments of ancient Irish history and topography. And he is 
much indebted to Captain Cameron, R. E., avIio, since he was ap- 
pointed to superintend the Irish Ordnance Survey Ofiice, has kindly 



liv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

continued to render the Editor the same amount of assistance in iden- 
tifying the positions of objects of antiquarian or historical interest on 
the Ordnance Maps, as had been afforded by his predecessor. 

He has also to express his acknowledgments to Charles P. O'H. 
Mac Donnell, Esq., M.R.I.A.; Charles J. O'Donel, Esq.; and Herbert 
Hore, Esq., each of whom has furnished him Avith much important 



and original information. 



J. O'D. 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY, 



MICHAEL O'CLERY TO FEAEGHAL O'GADHRA, LORD OF MAGH 

UI GADHRA, ETC. 



r^UlOhlm Oia im rabaijic jacha 
haoitnify* Do pachaD i Ifp Da cliupp,-] 
Da anmain Dpfpgal o jaDlipa cicch- 
fpnaTTIbaije ui Ti;a6]ia,i ciiileo ppino, 
aon Don Diap RiDipfoh paplemence 
po coghaoli ap conDoe Sliccigh co 
liac cliac an bliabain pi oaoipCpiopc, 
1634. 

Qp ni coiccfnD poiUeip pon uile 
Dorhan in jacli lonaoh 1 mbi uaiple no 
onoip in jacli ai mpip Da crainicc piarh 
DmiD 1 noiaiD nacli ppuil nf ap glop- 
matpe,-] apaipmiccniT^e onopai5he(fip 
abbapaib lomDa) ina piop pfnoacca 
na pfnujDap, "] eolap na naipeac, -] 
na nuapal po bdoap ann ipm aimpip 



I BESEECH God to bestow every 
happiness that may redound to the wel- 
fare of his body aud soul, upon Fearghal 
O'Gadhra, Lord of Magh Ui-Ghadhra 
and Cuil-0-bhFinn, one of the two 
knights of Parliament who were elected 
[and sent] from the county of Sligeach 
to Ath-cliath this year of the age of 
Christ, 1634. 

It is a thing general and plain 
throughout the whole world, in every 
place where nobility or honour" has 
prevailed in each successive period, 
that nothing is more glorious, more 
respectable, or more honourable (for 
many reasons), than to bring to light 
the knowledge of the antiquity of an- 



* Honour. — In a free translation of this Dedi- mucli of the redundance of O'Clery's language, 
cation, made by Charles O'Conor, he rejects and improves on his expressions throughout. 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



]ifmpo DO rctbaijir oo cum polaip oji cient authors, and a knowledge of the 
oaigh CO mbeic airfncap, ■) eolap aj chieftains and nobles that existed in 
gach Dpuins i noeaohaiD cipoile cion- preceding times, in order that each 

successive generation might possess 
knowledge and information as to how 
their ancestors spent their time and 
life, how long they were successively 
in the lordship of their countries, in 
dignity or in honour, and what sort of 
death they met. 

I, Michael O'Clerigh, a poor brother 
of the order of St. Francis (after having 
been for ten years transcribing every old 



nap DO cairpioc a pinnpip a pe -] a 
iiaimpip, 1 cia hctipfcc po bacrap i 
cciccfpnap a nouichce, i uDijnir, no 
1 nonoip DiaiD i noiaiob, "] cpeD i an 
oioheoD puaippiocc. 



Uanaccpa an bpafaip hochc Diipo 
.8. Pponpeip TTlichel o clepicch (lap 
mbfir ofich mbliabna Daiti ace Sccpio- 
bao 5ach pfnoachca do bpuapap ap 
naomaib na hepeann a inaiUe le hurii- 
lacc 5ach Ppouinpiail Da paibe in 
epinn a noiaiD a cele Dobfif accam) 
t>a bap laraippi a uapail CI phfpjail 
ui' janpa. Do bpaiff]' ap bap nonoip 
j^up baobap cpuaije, ~\ nemele, Doj- 
rnlpi,-] oobpotn libh (do chum gloipe 
lie 1 onopri nr( hepeann) a meo do 
Deacaccap pliocc ^aoiDil meic Niuil 
po ciaiii; 1 Dopcanap, jan piop ecca 
na oiofoa Naoirh, na banriaoime 
Ctipneppcoip, Gppcoip, na abbao, na 
uapal gpaioh eccailpi oile, Rij, na 
Ruipi5,cijeapnanaroipicch,comaim- 
pip na coimpinfoh neich Dibhpinhe ppi 
apoile. Do poiUpi^fpa Daoibpi j;up 
bi) D015 Ifin 50 ppui,^inn cuioiuccaD na 
ccpoinici^e ap ap mo mo mfp do chum 
leabaip Qnnalab do pccpi'obab 1 ccuip- 
pibe 1 ccuiifine na nfire pempaire, -) 



material which I found concerning the 
saints of Ireland, observing obedience 
to each provincial that was in Ireland 
successively), have come before you, 

noble Farrell O'Gara. I have cal- 
culated on your honour that it seemed 
to you a cause of pity and regret, grief 
and sorrow (for the glory of God and 
the honour of Ireland), how much the 
race of Gaedhal the son of Niul have 
gone under a cloud and darkness with- 
out a knowledge of the death or obit 
of saint or virgin, archbishop, bishop, 
abbot, or other noble dignitary of the 
Church, of king or prince, lord or 
chieftain [and] of the synchronism or 
connexion of the one with tlie other. 

1 explained to you that I thought I 
could get the assistance of the chroni- 
clers for wlioni I had most esteem, for 
writing a book of annals, in which the 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



Vll 



oa Ificcn ap cdipoe gan a Sccpiobao 
no laraiji nach ppiujhri lao oopibipi 
le a ppoimirmfc,"] le a ccuirtmiuccarj 
jijo cpich,-) 50 poipcfnn an bfcha. Oo 
cpuinnicclieab IfTn na leabaip Qnna- 
laD ap pfpp "I <^r l^'onrhaipe ay mo 00 
bfiDip Ifm Opd^ail 1 nepinn uile (bion 
j^up bfcnip oam a crfcclamab 50 
haoin lonao) 00 cburn an leabaippi 
DO pccpioljub in bap naininpi,-] in bap 
nonnip nip ap pib cucc luach paocaip 
00 na cpoinicibib lap po pccpiobab e, 
-) bpaicpe conuence ouin na njall 
Do caich copcop bi'oli, -\ ppiorailriie 
piu map an cceona. ^ach maic Da 
rciocpa Don leabop pin Da rabaipc 
polaipp DO cacli 1 ccoirccliinne ap 
ppibpi ap bfipche a buiobe,"] rii]i coip 
maccnaD, no longnab cd no lomrnur 
DO bfic pa TTiaic DO noingenaD pib, 6ip 
ap DO piol 6iriiip meicTTlileab jfinpioc 
30 pi^h DO piojaib epearin, "] a liaen 
a]\ cpi piccib DO naomaib; onUabg pin 
macCein mic oilella oluim op piolpac 
a hocc Decc do na naorhaib y^in ap 
eiDip DO bpfic 6 ^lun 50 glun gup an 
caog ceDna. Ro jablaighi'iotr -] po 
aicrpeabpac clann an Uaibj pin 1 
nionaoaib e;:arhla ap puD Gpeann .1. 



aforesaid matters might be put on re- 
cord ; and that, should the writing of 
them be neglected at present, tliey 
would not again be found to be put on 
record or commemorated to tlie end 
and termination of the world. There 
were collected by me all t!ie Ijcst and 
most copious books of annals that I 
could find throughout all Ireland 
(though it was difficult for me to col- 
lect them to one place), to write this 
book in your name, and to your ho- 
nour, for it was you that gave the re- 
ward of their labour to the chroniclers, 
by whom it was written ; and it was 
the friars of the convent of Doneiral 
that supplied them with food and at- 
tendance in like manner. For every 
good that will result from this book, 
in giving light to all in general, it is 
to you that thanks should be given, 
and there should exist no wonder or 
surprise, jealousy"" or envy, at [any] 
good that you do ; for you are of 
the race of Heber mac Mileadh, from 
whom descended thirty of the kings of 
Ireland, and sixty-one saints ; and to 
Tadhg mac Cein mac Oilella Oluim, 
from whom eighteen of these saints'' 



'"Jealousy If O'Donnell were in tbe country under the name and patronage of any of the 

at the time, he ought to have felt great envy rival race of OUioU Olum, much less to so petty 

and jealousy that the Four Masters should have a chieftain of that race as O'Gara. This will ap- 

committed this work, which treats of the O' Don- pear obvious from the Contention of the Bards, 

nells more than of any other family, to the world 'Eighteen of these saints Charles O'Conor, 



iviu 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



Sliochc Copbmaic i5T^^'^5 lUiiijhnib 
connacc op geineabliaipfi muinnp 
5a6jia, an oa Ua Gagpa In cconnac- 
coihh,"i o lifjiia anl?ii-a,OCeaiibaill 
1 nSle, 1 o TTlfchaiii i nuib Caijiin, 
o concoBaip i cciannaccajlinnejfimin. 



Oo 6fpba6 op bnp rceclic|'a on 
pnil uapail pin a oubpamap ace i;^o 
bap ngeinealach, 

Q phTpgail ui ji;ao|ia, 
Ct rheic camcc, 
meic oilealla, 
meic Diapmacca, 
ineic eojliam, 
ineic DiapmaDa, 
nieic eoghain, 
meic comalcai;^ oicc, 
meic comalcai^ moip, 
nieic t)iapinacca, 
ineic Raighne, 
meic congalai^b, 
me]c Duinnplebe, 



are sprung, you can be traced, genera- 
tion by generation. The descendants 
of this Teige branched out, and inha- 
bited various parts throughout Ireland, 
namely : the race of Cormac Gaileng 
in Luighne-Connacht, from whom ye, 
the Muiutir-Gadhra, the twoUi Eaghra 
in Connaught, and O'h-Eaghra of the 
Ruta, O'CarroU of Ely, O'Meachair in 
Ui-Cairin, and O'Conor of Cianachta- 
Glinne-Geimhin, are descended. 

As a proof of your coming from this 
noble blood we have mentioned, here 
is your pedigree. 

Oil Fearghal O'Gadhra, tliou son of 

Tadhg ! son of 

Oilioll, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Eoghan, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Eoghan, son of 

Tomaltach Og, son of 

Tomaltach More, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Raighne, son of 

Conghalach, son of 

Donnsleibhe, son of 



who felt no qualm of conscience at reducing the 
simple style of O'Clery to his own imitation of 
Dr. Johnson, translates this passage in the fol- 
lowing loose manner, without regard to the 
construction of the original. 

" In truth, every benefit derivable from our 
labours is due to your protectioti and bounty ; 



nor should it excite jealousy or envy that you 
stand foremost in this as in other services you 
have rendered your country ; for, by your birth, 
you are a descendant of the race of lleber, 
which gave Ireland thirty monarchs, and 
sixty-one of which race died in the odour of 
sanctity." 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



Jix 



meic I?uai6]ii, 

meic ouinnplebe, 

meic concob}iai]i, 

meic l?uai]ic, 

meic j;a6]ia, o I'loirinreap muinci|i 

meic jlecneacain, 

meic Saop^npa, 

meic bece, 

meic plairiopa, 

meic caichlijli, 

meic cinopaolairj, 

meic Diajimaoa, 

meic pionnbaipp, 

meic bpenainn, 

meic nacrppaoic, 

meic pioeoin, 

meic pioocuipe, 

meic aijic cuipb, 

meic niab cuipb, 

meic lui o nainmni jreap luijhne, 

meic caiDg, 

meic cein, 

meic oilella oliiim, 

meic moDa nuaDar, 

meic mo6a nficr, 

meic t»fipcc, 

meic Dfipccrfineab, 

meic enoa moncaoin, 

meic loich moip, 

meic mopebip, 

meic muipCoaij mucna, 

meic eacbac jaipb, 



Ruaidhri, son of 

Donsleibhe, son of 

Conchobhar, son of 

Ruarc, son of 

Gadhra, from whom the Muintir- 

Gadhra are surnamed, son of 
Glethnechan, son of 
Saerghas, son of 
Bee, son of 
Flaithius, son of 
Taichleach, son of 
Cinnfaeladh, son of 
Diarmaid, son of 
Finnbharr, son of 
Brenann, son of 
Nadfraech, son of 
Fiden, son of 
Fidhchuir, son of 
Art Corb, son of 
Niadh Corb, son of 
Lui, from whom the Liiiuhne are 

named, son of 
Tadhg, son of 
Cian, son of 
OihoU Olum, son of 
Modh Nuadhat, son of 
Modh Neid, son of 
Derg, son of 
Deirgtheineadh, son of 
Enda Monchaoin, son of 
Loich Mor, son of 
Mofebis, son of 
Muiredhach Muchna, son of 
Eochaidh Garv, son of 



h2 



Ix 




EPISTLI^ 


meic 


Duaic Dalca oeaoli 


aoh, 


meic 


cai]ip|ie luipcc, 




nieic 


lonnaccmc'd]!, 




iiieic 


ma yeoamain, 




meic 


aoamaip polrcain, 




iiieic 


pipcuipb, 




meic 


mo6a ciiipb, 




meic 


cobrai;^ caoim, 




meic 


pfcraba pijnfipcc, 




meic 


Uii^ofc 1011516, 




meic 


eachoach, 




meic 


oilecfUa, 




meic 


aipr, 




meic 


lui^nfc Icdmoeipcc, 




meic 


eacoac uaipcep, 




meic 


lui^oec lapDuinD, 




meic 


enoa oeipcc, 




meic ouaich pinn, 




meic 


Seona lonnappaij, 




meic 


bpfippigh, 




meic 


aipc imlij, 




meic 


pfiolimiD, 




meic 


Roreccai^, 




meic 


l?oain pi^aih^, 




meic 


pailbe lolcopaiji;, 




meic 


caip ccDcoimsnij, 




meic 


pailofpccooin, 




mcic 


miiincamoin, 




meic 


caip cloraig, 




meic 


pip npna, 




meic 


Roreccaij, 




meic 


Roppa, 




meic 


Slaipp, 




meic 


nuaoac ofglam, 





£ DEDICATORY. 

Duach Dalta Deadhadh, son of 
Cairbre Lose, son of 
Innadmhar, son of 
Nia Sedhamuiu, son of 
Adamar Foltchain, son of 
Fercorb, son of 
INIodh Corb, son of 
Cobhthach Caemh, son of 
Rechtadh Eighdhearg, son of 
Lughaidh Lagha, son (jf 
Eocliaidh, son of 
OilioU, son of 
Art, son of 

Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of 
Eochaidh Uairches, son of 
Lughaidh lardhunn, son of 
Enda Dearg, son of 
Duach Finn, son of 
Sedna Innarrach, son of 
Bresrigh, son of 
Art Imleach, son of 
Feidhliiiiidh, son of 
Rothechtach, son of 
Roan Righaileach, son of 
Failbhe lolcorach, son of 
Cas Cedcoinihgneach. 
Faildeargdoid, son of 
IMuineanihon, son of 
Cas Clothach, son of 
Fei'arda, son of 
Rothechtach, sou of 
Ross, son of 
Glass, son of 
Nuadhat Deaghlamh, son of 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



Ixi 



meic eacDac paobapglaip, 


Eochaidh Faebharghlas, son of 


meic conmaoil, 


Conmael, son of 


meic eiTTihiii pinn, 


Eimlier Finn, son of 


meic mileao eppainne, 


Mileadh, son of 


rneic bile, 


Bile, son of 


meic bpeojain, 


Breogau, son of 


meic b|iacha, 


Bratha, son of 


meic Deaacha, 


Deatha, son of 


meic eapcaba, 


Earchadh, son of 


meic alooio, 


Aldod, son of 


meic miaoaicr, 


Nuadhat, son of 


meic ninuail, 


Ninual, son of 


meic eirhip ^laip, 


Eimher Glas, son of 


meic agnoin pino, 


Agnon Finn, son of 


meic eirhip gluinpint), 


Eimhir Gluinfinn, son of 


meic laimpinn, 


Laimhfinn, son of 


meic agnamain, ec cecepa. 


Agnainan. 



Qn oapa la picli fc oo mi laniiapg 
anno Domini 1632, 00 cionnpgnaoh an 
leabop po 1 cconueinc Dlnnn r)a nj;all, 
-\ Do cpioclinaij;lifoh ipin cconueinc 
ceona an oeacliinaoh la oaujupc, 
1636. Qn raonmaD bliabain oecc do 
pighe a]^ Pigh CappoUip op Sa;ra!n, 
Ppainc, Qlbam, "] op Gi]iinn. 

bhap ccapa lonihain, 

6RachaiR nuchet o c^eRi^K 



On the twenty-second day of the 

month of January, Anno Domini 1632, 

tliis book was commenced in the 

convent of Dun-na-nGall ; and it was 

finished in the same convent on the 

tentli day of August, 1636, the eleventh 

year of the reign of our King Charles 

over England, France, Alba, and over 

Eire. 

Your affectionate friend, 

Brother Michael O'Clery. 



APPROBATIONS OF TOE WORK. 



a 



'Cd'C'C na haichpe do Upt) .S. 
Pponpeip cliui|ipfj' a lamha ap fo 
aga ptaDlinughaoli gup ab 6 pfpglial 
6 ^nohpa cucc ap an mbpacliaip 
TTlichel o Clepicch na Cpoinicibe -\ 
an coop ealaolina do chpuinDiugaD 
CO haoin lonaoh lap po pccpiobbaDh 
leabhaip oipip -] Qnnala na liGpiono 
(an rhficc pob eiDip Dpaghail le a 
pccpiobaoh Diob) "] j^op ab e an pfp- 
ghal ceona rucc loighiDeacIic Doib 
ap a pccpiobhaoh. 

Qra an leabliap panora ap 66, 
Qp e lonaoh in po pjpiobaDh e 6 chup 
CO ofipfDh 1 cconiienc bparhap Ouin 



JL HE fathers of the Franciscan order 
who shall put their hands on this 
do bear witness that it was Fearcfhal 
O'Gadhra that prevailed on Brother 
Michael O'Clerigh to bring together 
the chroniclers and learned men, by 
whom were transcribed the books of 
history and Annals of Ireland (as much 
of them as it was possible to find to be 
transcribed), and that it was the same 
Fearghal that gave them a reward" for 
their writing. 

The book is divided into two [parts]. 
The place at which it was transcribed, 
from beginning to end, was the convent 



' Gave them a reward. — Charles O'Conor trans- 
lates this loosely, as follows : 

" The fathers of the Franciscan Order, sub- 
scribers hereunto, do certify that Ferall O'Gara 
was the nohleman who prevailed on Brother Mi- 
chael O'Clery to bring together the antiquaries 
and chronologers, who compiled the following 
Annals (such as it was in their power to collect), 
and that Ferrall O'Gara, aforesaid, rewarded 



them liheralhj for their labour." 

The reader will, however, observe that there 
are no words in the original Irish of O'Clery 
to correspond with O'Conor's nohleman or liber- 
ally, here marked in Italics. The Editor has 
discovered no clue to determine how libe- 
rally O'Gara paid the chroniclers, but feels 
satisfied that the sum he paid them was very 
trifling. 



Ixiv 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



na ngall, a\\ a mbiab,-! ap a bpiiioch- 
ailfmh. Oo rionnfccna6-| do pcciiio- 
haohanceiDleabhap 6e ipinConuenc 
chfccna an bliabctin y^ 1632, an ran 
]io bab gaijiDian an cachaip beiinaji- 
t)in 6 Cleiiicch. 

Qp lacc na Cfioinici6e, -\ an caop 
ealaohna do bdccap ace pccpiobaDh 
an leabaip pin, -] aga rlifglamaDh a 
leabpaib eccpartila an bpachaip TTli'- 
cbel 6 Clepicch, TTliniiip mac Uopna 
ui Tniiaoilconaipe ppi pe aoin rhi'opa ; 
pfppfpa mac CoclilainD ui TTlaoil- 
chonaipe,iaiccpiDhe ina nDip a concae 
l?oppa commain, Cucoigcpiche 6 cle- 
picch a conrae Ohuin na njall, cucoi- 
jcpiclie 6 OuibjCnDain a concae liocli 
opoma,"! conaipe 6 clepiccb a concae 
Ouin na njall. 

Q ciao na ]>fmleabaip po bbdcop 
aca, leabbap cluana mic n6ip in po 
bfnnai^ Naoirhchiapcin mac an cpaofp. 
Ceabap oilein na nafm pop loch T?ibli, 
(/cabbap Sbfnaiob mec ITlagliniippa 
pop Coch Gpne Ceabap cloinne uf 



of the Friars of Dun-na-nGall, they 
sLipplying food and attendance. The 
first book was begun and transcribed 
in the same convent this year, 1632, 
when Father Bernardine O'Clery was 
Guardian. 

The chroniclers and learned men who 
were engaged in extracting and tran- 
scribing this book from various books, 
were : Brother Michael O'Clerigh ; 
Maurice, the son of Torna O'Mael- 
chonaire, for one month ; Ferfeasa, the 
son of Lochlainn O'Maelchonaire, both 
of the county of Ros Chomain ; Cucog- 
criche O'Clerigh, of the county of Dun- 
na-nGall ; Cucoigcriche O'Duibhgen- 
nain, of the county of Liath-druim ; 
and Conaire O'Clerigh, of the county 
of Donegal. 

These are the old books they had : 
thebookof Cluain-mic-Nois\ [a church] 
blessed by Saint Ciaran, son of the 
carpenter ; the book of the Island of 
Saints", in Loch Ribh ; the book of Sea- 
nadh Mic Maghnusa'', in Loch Erne ; 



'' The book of Cluain-mic-Nois. — Tlie original 
of this is now unknown ; but there are several 
copies of a translation of it, made in 1627, by 
Conuell Mageoghegan, Esq., of Lismoyny, in the 
county of Westmeath, one in the British Mu- 
seum, another in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, F. 3. 19, a third in the library of the 
Marquis of Drogheda, and others in the hands 
of private individuals. The original was in the 
Mageoghegan family, but the Editor does not 



know the present representative of the Lismoyny 
branch. The Editor has added from this trans- 
lation many long passages omitted by the Four 
Masters. 

' The hook of the Island of all Saints This 

manuscript is now unknown. 

'' Book of Scanadli Mic Mayhnvsa. — Now called 

the Annals of Ulster See note ^ under the 

year l:j()7, p. 48!) ; note ', under 1408, p. 795 ; 
and note ', under the year 1498, p. 1240, infra. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



Ix 



XV 



Tnaoilconaiiie,Cebap mmncejieDuib- 
gfnDain chillel?6nain,-] leabap oipipfn 
Ceacain nieic pipbipicch ppich cliiica 
lap y^cpiobhaoh ujimoip an leaBaiji, "] 
ap jio pcpiobhparc gacli lionmaip- 
eachr Da bpuaippfcc (Rangacop a 
Ifp) nac paibe ip na ceicr leabpaib 
bdcop aca, ap nf baoi i leabap cluaria, 
ina pop I leabhap an oilein aclic gup 
an mbliabam pi oaoip ap ccighfpna 
1227. 



the book of the Clann Ua Maelcho- 
naire'"; the book of the O'Duigenans, 
of Kilronan''; the liistorical book of 
Lecan Mic Firbisigh", which was pro- 
cured for them after the transcription 
of the greater part of the book [work], 
and from which they transcribed every 
copious matter they found which they 
deemed necessary, which was not in 
the first books they had, for neither the 
book of Cluain, nor the book of the 
Island, were [carried] beyond the year 
of the age of our Lord, 1227. 



Seanadh Mic Manus, now Belleisle, is an island 
in Lough Erne, the property of the Rev. Gray 
Porter, who has recently erected a house upon 
it. 

" The hook of the Clann Ua Maelchonaire. — 
Now unknown. It is frequently quoted by 
O'Flaherty, in his marginal additions to the 
copy of these Annals, preserved in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, H. 2. 11. 

' The book of the Muinntir-Duibhgennain of 
Cill-Ronain. — There is a most curious and valu- 
able manuscript volume of Irish annals, which 
was in the possession of the O'Duigenans, pre- 
served in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, 
H. 1. 19; but it does not appear to be the one 
used by the Four Masters. It perfectly accords 
with all the passages quoted by Ware and Harris 
from the Annals of Lough Kee ; and it may be 
safely conjectured that it is a compilation made 
by the O'Duigenans from the Annals of Lough 
Kee, Roscommon, and Kilronan. The Editor has 
made copious additions to the work of the Four 
Masters from this manuscript, calculated to 
throw much light on historical facts but slightly 
touched upon by the Masters themselves. 



s The historical hook of Lecan Mic Firhisigh. — 
This book is now unknown ; but there is a good 
abstract of some annals, which belonged to the 
Mac Firbises, made by the celebrated Duald 
Mac Firbls, now preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, H. 1. 18. This abstract 
is styled Chronicum Scotoi-um by the transcriber, 
who states that he shortened or abstracted it 
from a larger work of the Mac Firbises, omitting 
every thing, except what relates to the Scoti or 
Milesians. The same Duald, or Dudley, also 
translated, in the year 1666, a portion of the 
Annals of Ireland, extending from 1443 to 1468, 
for the use of Sir James Ware. This translation 
has been recently printed for the Irish Archaeo- 
logical Society — See the. iltscdlany, p. 198, and 
the Editor's notes, pp. 263-302. From this 
translation the Editor has supplied, in the 
notes, many passages omitted by the Four Mas- 
ters. 

The Annals of the Mac Firbises are also fre- 
quently quoted by O'Flaherty, in his marginal 
additions to the Trinity College copy of the 
Annals of the Four Masters, all which additions 
the Editor has printed in the notes. 



Ixvi 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



Oo cionny^ccnaoh an oapa leabbap 
dapab copach an bliaoain pi 1 208, an 
bliabain pi oaoipCpiopcin pobagaip- 
Dian an carhaip Cpioproip Ulcach 
1635,1 DO pccpi'obaoh an chuio oile 
6e 50 1608 an cheo bliabain in po 
baoh gapoian an cachaip bepnapoin 
O Clepicch DopiDipi. Qn bpachaip 
TTlicel O Clepigh a DiiBpamop, Cu- 
coicccpiche 6 Clejnsh ~\ Conaipe 6 
Clepicch DO pcpiobh an leaBap DeiDh- 
fnach oclid 1332 50 1608. Qp lac 
na leabaip ap po pcpfoBpac an cpiap 
periipdice upriiop an leabaip, an leabap 
cfcna pin cloinne u\ ITlaoilconaipe 50 
mile ciiicc ceD a cinj, 1 ap 1 pin an 
bliabain Dfiofnach baoi ano, leabap 
na muincipe DuibligCnDdn cap a rcan- 
gamap o chct naof cceD 50 mile cuicc 
ceD Seapccacr a rpf, Leabap Seanaib 
mec maghnupa ina paibe co TTlile 
cuicc ceo cpiochar aoo, blab do 
leabap Choncoicccpicbe meic Oiap- 
macca mic Uaioh^ caimin ui clepijh 
on mbliabain pi TTIile Da cheD, oclic- 
rhoghacc a haon, co mile cuicc ceo 
cpioc^iacc a Seachc, Leabap TTlec 
bpuaiofoha TTlbaolfn oicc on mbliab- 
ain pi TTlile, CU15 ceo, ocbcmogbac a 
hochc, 50 mile Se ceo a cpi, Leabliap 



The second book [volume], which 
begins with the year 1208, was com- 
menced this year of the age of Christ, 
1635, in which Father Christopher 
Ultach [Donlevy] was guardian, and 
the other part of it, to the year 1608, 
was transcribed the first year in which 
Father Bernardin O'Clerigh, Brother 
Michael O'Clerigh aforesaid, Cucoig- 
criche O'Clerigh, and Conaire O'Cle- 
righ, transcribed the last book [vo- 
lume], from 1332 to 1608. These are 
the books from which these three tran- 
scribed the greatest part of this book : 
the same book of the O'Mulconrys, as 
far as the year one thousand five hun- 
dred and five, and this was the last year 
which it contained ; the book of the 
O'Duigenans, of which we have spoken, 
from [the year] nine hundred to one 
thousand five hundred sixty-three ; the 
book of Seanadh-Mic Maghnusa, which 
extended to one thousand five hundred 
thirty-two ; a portion of the book of 
Cucogry, the son of Dermot'', son of 
Tadhg Cam O'Clerigh, from the year 
one thousand two hundred and eighty- 
one, to one thousand five hundred and 
thirty-seven ; the book of Mac Bru- 
aideadha' (MaoilinOg) from the year 



'■ Cucogry, son of Dermot He was the great- He flourished about the year 1537. His book 

grandfather of Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, is now unknown. 

one of the Four Masters See Genealogies, ' The hook of Mac Bruaideadha Unknown 

Tribes, and Customs of Ily-Fiachrach, p. 83. to tlie Editor. 



APPROBATIONS OF THP] WORK. 



JXVU 



Lughach uf clepijli, 6 TTlliile, cuicc 
ceD, ochcmoghar, a Se, 50 TTKle, Se 
chet) a 06. 



Dochonncamop naleabaip fin uile 
aj an afp ealabna cap a crangamop 
Rorhainn ~\ leabaip oipipfn oile nach 
larc po ba6 eirhelc DainmniUT^aD. Oo 
DfpbaD gac nee onp pcpiobaob annpin 
l?otnainn Ctcaimne na pfppanna yo 
pfop 05 cop ap larh ap po hi cconuenc 
Dliuin na ngall an Deachmab Id 00 
Qugupc, aoip Chpiopc TTlile, Se cheo, 
rpiocliac a Se. 

Fr. Bernaedinus Clery, 

Guardianus Dungalensia. 

bpacaip TTIuipip Ullrach. 

bparaip ITluipip Ullcac. 

bpacaip bonauancijpa o Oorhnill, 
Cearoip lubilac. 



one thousand five hundred eighty-eight, 
to one thousand six hundred and three; 
the book of Lughaidh O'Clerigh, from 
one thousand five hundred eighty-six, 
to one thousand six hundred two. 

We have seen all these books with the 
learned men, of whom we have spoken 
before, and other historical books be- 
sides them. In proof of every thing 
which has been written above, the fol- 
lowing persons are putting their hands 
on this, in the convent of Donegal, the 
tenth day of August, the age of Christ 
one thousand six hundred thirty-six. 

Brother Bernardine O'Clery, 

Guardian of Donegal. 
Brother Maurice Ulltach, 
Brother Maurice Ulltach, 
Brother Bonaventura O'Donnell'', 
Jubilate Lector. 



'' Brother Bonaventura CDonndl. — This was the Confederate Catholics, held at Kilkenny on 

made O'Donnell (Prince of Tirconnell) in the the 10th of January, 1647, were the most dis- 

translation used by Mr. Petrie. Manus, son of tinguished members of the family at this period. 

Sir Niall Garve, and Hugh O'Donnell of Ramel- but neither of them appears to have patronized 

ton, who was a member of the Parliament of this work. 



12 



Ixviii 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



The following api^robatious of the work of the Foui- Masters are 
prefixed to the copy iii the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, in the 
hancbmting of the scribe. The autograph originals of the same are 
in the copy deposited in the College of St. Isidore, at Rome, as the 
Editor was informed by the late Dr. Lyons, of Kilmore-Erris. 



Oo VJfnn 50 rcainic an b]Ktrai|i 
bocc TDicel O Clei|ii5 (maille le 
hurhlacr a imccapdin, an cacaiji 
lope.ph GuepaiiD, ppouinpial UijiD 
S. Ppoinpeip 1 nGpino), Dom lonn- 
paicchib DO coipben an leabaip pi 
bam, — acupa piann, niac Caipppe 
TTiic QeDaccdin, 6 bbaile TTlhic Qe6- 
accdin, 1 cconcae Cliiobpac-Qjiann, 
05 d piaDnuccaD, gep Bo bioniDa lea- 
bap aipip DO connapc Do peinleabpaiB 
Gpeann, ■] gep Bo b'oniiiap an nuiifiip 
ecci'nce do leabpaib aopoa -] nerh- 
aopDa, pjpfobra, 1 acca pjpiobab Do 
connapc 1 pcoil Seaain mic Uopna Ui 
mhaoilconaipe, oiDe peap nGpeann 
hi ccoiccinne, hi pencup 1 hi ccpoinic, 
1 aga mbdoap a paib 1 nGpinn aj po^- 
lam na healabna pin 5a reaccapc 
aicce, nac peacanap ecoppa pin uile 
aon leabap ap peapp opo, ap coir- 
cmne, ot^ li'onmaipe, -| ap mo ap in- 
molca map leabap aipip 1 annal, ind 
an leabap pa. TTleapaim pop nac 



Whereas the poor friar, Michael 
O'Clery (in obedience to his superior, 
Father Joseph Everard, Provincial of 
the Order of St. Francis in Ireland) 
came to me to shew me this book, — I', 
Flann, son of Cairbre Mac Aedhagain, 
of Baile-Mhic-Aedhagain,in the county 
of Tibrat-Arann, do testify that, — 
though many were the books of history 
of the old books of Ireland which I 
saw, and though numerous the uncer- 
tain number of ancient and modern 
books which I saw written and being 
transcribed in the school of John, son 
of Torna Ua Maelchonaire, the tutor 
of the men of Ireland in general in his- 
tory and chronology, and who had all 
that were in Ireland learning that sci- 
ence under his tuition, — I have not 
seen among them all any book of better 
order, more general, more copious, or 
more to be approved of, as a book of 
history and annals, than this book. I 
think also that no intelligent person 



' / , do testify — Dr. O'Conor, mistaking the meaning of acu-pa, the old form of arditnpe, 

I am, translates this te — testante. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



1.^ 



XIX 



eiDip le Duine ap bin cuiccpionac no 
cuair no Deglaip, no le healabain, od 
lei^pe e a loclicuccab. Oo DepBat) 
an neire jiempdice acam ace pccpi'Bab 
mo Idirhe aip fo ipm mbaile TTlliic 
Qenaaccdin a Dubapc, 2. Nouemb. 
1636. 

piann TTlac Qooagdin. 



whatever, of the laity or clergy, or of 
the professions, who shall read it, can 
possibly find fault with it. In attesta- 
tion of which thing aforesaid, I here 
put my hand on this, at the Baile-Mhic- 
Aedhagain aforesaid, the 2nd of No- 
vember, 1636. 

Flann Mao Aoduagain. 



Udinic an bpdcaip bocc TTiicel 
O Clepij, amaiUe le humplacc a 
uacoapdin, an caraip lopeph 6ue- 
papD, Ppouinpial Uipo S. phpoinpeip, 
Dom laraip Do lecchab "] Do raipbe- 
nab an leabaip aipip "] annalab Do 
p5pi'obaD laip "] lap an aoip ealaDna 
oile, ^fa Idriia acd aip, -| lap na peu- 
cain 1 lap na bpeacnu^ab Dam, acupa 
TTlac bpuaiDeaDa, Concohap, mac 
TTlaoili'n O15 6 Chill Chaoioe "| 6 
Leirip TTlaolam 1 cconcae an Chldip, 
agd piaDnujaD 50 bpuil an leaBap 
inrholra,"! na curhain linn leabap aipip 
no annal Dpaicpin ap mo ap peapp "] 
aplionrhaipe coicchmne apGpinn uile 
ma an leabap po,-] gup ab Doilij roi- 
beim, locDujab nd incpeacab Dpajail 
aip. Oobeapbab ap a nDubapc acdim 
05 cup moldime aip 1 cCill ChaoiDe, 
1 1 Nou. 1636. 

Conner Mac Beody, Da ngoiprep 
TTlac bpuaoan. 



The poor friar, Michael O'Clery, in 
obedience to his superior, Father Jo- 
seph Everard, Provincial of the Order 
of St. Francis, came before me to read 
and exhibit the book of history and 
annals written by himself and the other 
professional men, whose hands are upon 
it ; and after having viewed and exa- 
mined it, I, Mac Bruaidin-Conchobhar, 
son of Maeilin Og of Cill-Chaeide [Ivil- 
keedy] and Leitir-Maelain, in the county 
of Clare, do testify that this book is 
recommendable, and that we do not 
remember having seen a book of his- 
tory or annals larger, better, or more 
generally copious in treating of all Ire- 
land, than this book ; and that it is 
difficult to find fault with, censure, or 
criticise it. To attest what I have said, 
I now put my hand upon it at Cill- 
Chaeide, the 11th November, 1636. 

Conner Mac Brody, called 
Mac Beuodin. 



Ixx APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 

" Visis testiinoniis et approbationibus eorum qui pra3cipm sunt Antiquarii 
Eerum nostrarum, et lingute ac liistorite peritissimaj ac expertissimte, de fide 
et integritate fratris Michaelis O'Cleri, Ordinis Seraphici S. Francisci, in opere 
quod intitulatur, Annales Regni Hihernice in duas partes diviso, quarum prima 
continet a diluvio ad annum Christi Millesimum ducentesimum vigesimum septi- 
mum, secunda vero continet ad milesimum sexcentesimum octavum, colligendo, 
castigando, et illustrando, — Nos Malachias, Dei et Apostolica3 Sedis gratia, Ar- 
chiepiscopus Tuamensis, et Connacia3 Primas, prtefatum opus approbamus et 
dignissimum ut in lucem reddatur, ad Dei gloriam, Patriaj lionorem, et com- 
munem utilitatem censemus. 

" Datum Galviaj 14 Cal. Decembris, 1636. 

" Malachias, Archiepiscopus Tuamensis'"". 

" Visis testimoniis, et autbenticis peritorum approbationibus, do hoc opere, 
per Fr. Micbaelem Clery Ordinis Laicum fratrem coUecto, libenter illud appro- 
bamus, ut in publicum lucem edatur. 

"Datum Eos-rield, 27 Novemb. 1636. 

" Fr. Boetius" Elphin, Eps." 

" Opus cui titulus Annales Regni Hibernice a Fr. Michaele Clery, Laico 
Ordinis S. Francisci de observantia, summa fide exaratum, prout testantur 
Synographa Virorum Doctissimorum, quibus merito Nos multum deferentes, 
illud prailo dignissum censemus. 

" Actum Dublinii, 8 Febr. 1636. 

" Fr. Thomas Fleming, Arch. Dublin, Hibernice Primas!' 

" De hoc, Opere quod intitulatur Annales Regni Hibemiw, in duas partes 
diviso, quarum prima continet a Diluvio ad annum Christi 1227, secundo vero 
continet ad millesimum sexcentesimum octavum, quem Fr. Michael Clery 

"■ Malachias, Archiepiscopits Tuamensis He navgJd, pp. 74, 93. 

was Malachy O'Cadhla, or O'Keely, Eoman Ca- " Boetius. — He was Boetius Baethghalach Mac 

tholic or titular Archbishop of Tuam. — See Aedhagain, or Mac Egan, Roman Catholic Bishop 

Ilardiraan's edition of O'Flahcrty's West Con- of Elphin. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. Ixxi 

Ordinis S. Francisci, ad communem patriae utilitatem coUegit, non aliter cen- 

semus quam censores a Rev. admodum Patre Provinciali ejus Fratris D. Flo- 

rentius Kegan et D. Cornelius Bruodin, pro eodem opere inspiciendo, exaini- 

nando, et approbando vel reprobando assignati, judicaverunt, et decreverunt. 

Nos enim eosdem tanquam peritissimos linguaj Hibernicte, et in omnibus His- 

toriis et Patrise Chronologiis versatissimos existimamus. Quapropter illorum 

censurse, et judicio de prefato opere fratris M. Clery, in omnibus confirmamus. 

In quorum fidem, his manu propria subscripsimus. Datum in loco nostrai 

inansionis die 8 Jan. A. D. 1637. 

" Fe. Rochus Kildarens." 



aNnala Rioghachra emeaNN 



QMNaLa Ri05hachua emeaNM. 



UOIS Domain jiip an mbliaboini'i na DileanD, Da liiile Da ceao Da picfr -) 
Da MiaDom. Cearpaca la pia noilinn cainig Ceapoip 50 liGipinn, 50 ccaogaiD 
ninjfn, 1 50 crinap bpfji, 6iof, Labjia, 1 pioncom a nanmanna. Qobar 
LaDjia 1 nQjiD LaDjiann,-] ap uan ainmnijrfii. 6a hfipiDe cfona mapb Gpionn. 
Qcbach bior 1 Sleb bfca, co po liaDnacc 1 cCapn Slebe bCta, conaD ua6 



^ The age of the world. — This is according to 
the computation of the Septuagint, as given by 
St. Jerome in his edition of the Chronicon of 
Eusebius, from whom, no doubt, the Four IMas- 
ters took this date. His words are : " Ab Adam 
usque ad Diluvium anni sunt MMCCXLII. 
Secundum Hebrajorum numerum MDCLVI." 

According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise and 
various ancient Irish historical poems, 1656 years 
had elapsed from the Creation to the Flood, which 
was the computation of the Hebrews. — See 
Keating's History of Ireland (Plaliday's edition, 
p. 145), and Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena ad An- 
nates, p. li., and from p. cxxvii. to cxxxv. 

'' Ceasair This story of the coming of 

Ceasair, the grand-daughter of Noah, to Ire- 
land, is given in the Book of Leinster, fol. 2, h ; 
in all the copies of the Book of Invasions ; 
in the Book of Fenagh ; and in Giraldus Cam- 
brensis's Topographia Ilihernica, dist. ii. c. 1 . It 
is also given in Mageoghegan's translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise; but the translator 
remarks : " my author, Eochy O'Flannagan, 
giveth no credit to that fabulous tale." Ilannier 



also gives this story, as does Keating; but they 
do not appear to believe it, " because," says the 
latter, " I cannot conceive how the Irish anti- 
quaries could have obtained the accounts of 
those who arrived in Ireland before the Flood, 
unless they were communicated by those aerial 
demons, or familiar sprites, who waited on them 
in times of paganism, or that they found them 
engraved on stones after the Deluge had sub- 
sided." The latter opinion had been propounded 
by Giraldus Cambrensis (uhi supra), in the 
twelfth century : " Sed forte in aliqua materia 
inscripta, lapidea scilicet vel lateritia (sicut de 
arte Musica legitur ante diluvium) inventa isto- 
rum memoria, fuerat rcseruata." 

O'Flaherty also notices this arrival of Ceasair, 
"forty days before the Flood, on the 15th day 
of the Moon, being the Sabbath." In the Chro- 
nicon Scotorttm, as transcribed by Duald Mac 
Firbis, it is stated that this heroine was a daugh- 
ter of a Grecian. The passage runs as follows : 

" Kl. u. f. 1. X. M. ix. c. ix. Anno Mundi. In 
hoc anno venit flia alicujns de Greets ad Hiber- 
niam, ciii nomen Ilcru rcl Berhha [Biuibhn], vel 



ANNALS OF TEE KINGDOM OF IPtELAND. 



iHE Age of the World', to this Year of the Dehige, 2242. Forty days 
before the Deluge, Ceasair'' came to Ireland'^ with fifty girls and three men ; 
Bith, Ladhra, and Fintain, their names. Ladhra died at Ard-Ladhrann'', and 
from him it is named. He was the first that died" in Ireland. Bith died at 
Sliabh Beatha^ and was interred in the earn of Sliabh Beatha^, and from him 



Cesar, et l.fiUm, et in. viri cum ea. Ladhra guher- 
nator fiiit qui primus in Hihernia tumulatus est. 
Hoc non narrant Antquarii Scotorum." 

' Ireland. — According to the Book of Lecan, 
fol. 272, a, the Leahliar-Gahhala of theO'Clerys, 
and Keating's History of Ireland, they put in at 
Dun-na-mbarc, in Corca-Duibhne, now Corca- 
guiny, a barony in the west of Kerry. There 
is no place in Corcaguiny at present known as 
having borne the name ; and the Editor is of 
opinion that " Corca Duibhne" is an error of 
transcribers for " Corca- Luighe," and that the 
place referred to is Dun-na-m-barc, in Corca- 
Luighe, nowDunamark, in the parish of Kilconi- 
moge, barony of Bantry, and county of Cork. 

^Ard-Ladhrann : i. e. Ladhra's Hill or Height. 
This was the name of a place on the sea coast, in 
the east of the present county of Wexford. The 
name is now obsolete ; but the Editor thinks 
that it was applied originally to Ardamine, in 
the east of the county of Wexford, where there 
is a curious moat near the sea coast. — See Col- 
gan's Acta Sanctorum, pp. 210, 217, and Duald 
Mac Firbis's Genealogical woi'k (Marquis of 



Droghoda's copy, pp. 23, 210, 217). The tribe 
of Cinel-Cobhthaigh were seated at this place. 

<■ The first that died, 4'C. — Literally, " the first 
dead [man] of Ireland." Dr. O' Conor renders 
this : " Occisus est Ladra apud Ard-Ladron, et 
ab eo nominatur. Erat ista prima occisio in 
Hibernia." But this is very incorrect, and shews 
that this translator had no critical knowledge 
of the language of these Annals. Connell Ma- 
geoghegan, who translated the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise in 1627, renders it thus: " He was the 
first that ever d^ed in Ireland, of whom Ard- 
Leyrenn (where he died, and was interred) took 
the name." 

^ Sliahh Beatha: i. e. Bith's Mountain. Now 
anglice Slieve Beagh, a mountain on the confines 

of the counties of Fermanagh and Monaghan 

Seethe second part of these Annals, note", under 
the year 1501, p. 1260. 

s Cam of Sliabh Beatha. — This car?i still exists, 
and is situated on that part of the mountain of 
Slieve Beagh which extends across a portion of 
the parish of Clones belonging to the county 
of Fermanagh. — See note °, under A. D. 1593. If 



b2 



aNNQca Rio^hachca emeaNN. 



[2527. 



paiciop in fliab. acbach Ceafoip i cCuil Cffpa In cConoachcaib, 50 po 
lia&nachc hi cCajin Cffpa. Ip 6 pioncoin cpa peapc pioncoin op Loch 
DfipgDeipc. 

O Oilino 50 po gab papralon Gpe 278,1 aoip oorhain an can 00 piachc 
ince, 2520. 

Qoip Domain an cancainig papcalon 1 nGpinn, Da mile cuicc ceD-| pice 
blianoin. Qciao na roipij baDap laip, Slainge, Laijlinne 1 l?iiDpui6e, a cpi 
mOc, Oealccnar, Nepba, Ciocba, -] CfpbnaD a ccfreopa mna. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile cuij ceD pice a pfchc. pea mac Uopcon, mic Spu 
DO 65 an bliaDoinpi In TTluig Pea,-] po haDnacbc 1 nOolpoib TTloije pea, 
conab ua&a ainmnijfeap an maj. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile cuicc ceb cpiocha. Ip an mblmDainpe po cuipCb 
m clifD each 1 nGpinn .1. Cioccal ^pigCncopacb, mac ^iiill, mic ^aipb Dpo- 
mopchuib, -| a rharaip canjacop 1 nGpinn, occ ccfo a lion, 50 po cnipfD car 



this earn be ever explored, it may furnisli evi- 
dences of the true period of the arrival of Bith. 

^ Carn-Ceasra, in Connauglit O' Flaherty 

states in his Ogygia, part iii. c. i., tliat Knock- 
mea, a hill in the barony of Clare, and county 
of Galway, is thought to be this Carn-Ceasra, 
and that Cuil-Ceasra was near it. This hill has 
on its summit a very ancient earn, or sepulchral 
heap of stones ; but the name of Ceasair is not 
remembered in connexion with it, for it is 
believed that this is the earn of Finnbheara, 
who is believed by the peasantry to be king of 
the fairies of Connaught. Giraldus Cambrensis 
states {uhi smprit) that the place where Ceasair 
was buried was called Cwsara: tumulus in his 
own time : " Littus igitur in cjuo navis ilia 
primum applicuit, nauicularum littus vocatur, 
& in quo pra;fata tumulata est Casara usque 
liodie CsesariE tumulus nominatur." I'.ut O'Fla- 
herty's opinion must be wrong, for in Eochaidh 
O'Flynn's poem on the early colonization of 
Ireland, as in the Book of Leinster, fol. 3, Carn- 
Ceasra is j)laced "op 6111U mf|pni6" over the 
fruitful [River] Boyle. It is distinctly stated 



in the Lcahhar Gabhala of the O'Clerys that 
Carn-Ceasair was on the bank of the River Boyle 
[6uiU], and that Cuil-Ceasra was in the same 
neighbourhood. Cuil-Ceasra is mentioned in 
the Annals of Kilronan, at the year 157 1, as on 
the River Boyle. 

• Feart-Fintan : i. e. Fintain's Grave. This 
place, which was otherwise called Tultuine, is 
described as in the territory of Aradh, over 
Loch Deirgdheirc, now Lough Derg, an expan- 
sion of the Shannon, between Killaloe and Por- 
tumna. According to a wild legend, preserved 
in Leahhar-na-h- Uidhri, in the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy, this Fintan survived the 
Deluge, and lived till the reign of Dermot, son 
oi' Fergus Ceirbheoil, having during this period 
undergone various transmigrations ; from which 
O'Flaherty infers that the Irish Druids held tlie 
doctrine of the Metempsychosis : " Ex hac 
autom fabula colligere est Pythagorica; ac Pla- 
tonica3 schola; de imimarum migratione, seu in 
quxvis corpora reditu deliramenta apud Ethni- 
cos nostros viguisso." — 0<j>igia, p. 4. 

This Fintan is still remembered in the tradi- 



25270 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



the mountain is named. Ceasair died at Cuil-Ceasra, in Connaught, and was 
interred in Carn-Ceasra". From Fintan is [named] Feart-Fintain', over Loch 
Deirgdheirc. 

From the Deluge until Parthalon took possession of Ireland 278 years ; and 
the age of the world when he arrived in it, 2520. 

The age of the world" when Parthalon came into Ireland, 2520 years. 
These were the chieftains who were with him: Slainge, Laighlinne, and Rudh- 
raidhe, his three sons ; Dealgnat, Nerbha, Ciochbha, and Cerbnad, their four 
wives. 

The Age of the World, 2527. Fea, son of Torton, son of Sru, died this 
year at Magh-Fea', and was interred at Dolrai-Maighe-Fea; so that it Avas from 
him the plain is named. 

The Age of the World, 2530. In this year the first battle was fought in 
Ireland ; i. e. Cical Grigenchosach, son of Goll, son of Garbh, of the Fomorians, 
and his mother", came into Ireland, eight hundred in number, so that a battle 
was fought between them [and Parthalon's people] at Slearahnai-Maighe-Ithe", 



tions of the country as the Mathusalem of Ire- 
land ; and it is believed in Connaught that he 
was a saint, and that he was buried at a locality 
called Kilfintany, in the south of the parish of 
Kilcomnion, barony of Erris, and county of 
Mayo. Dr. Hanmer says that this traditional 
fable gave rise to a proverb, common in Ireland 
in his own time, "//'/ had lived Pintail's years, 
I could say much.'''' 

^ The age of the ivorld. — The Annals of Clon- 
macnoise synchronize the arrival of Parthalon 
with the twenty-first year of the age of the 
Patriarch Abraham, and the twelfth year of 
the reign of Semiramis, Empress of Assyria, 
A.M. 1969, or 313 years after the Flood. 
O'Flaherty adopts this chronology in his Ogygia, 
part iii. c. ii. Giraldus Cambrensis writes that 
" Bartholanus Serse filius de stirpe Japhet filii 
Noe" came to Ireland in the three hundredth 
year after the Deluge. 

' Magh-Fea : i. e. Fea's Plain. This was the 
name of a level plain in the present barony of 



Forth, and county of Carlow. Keating states 
in his History of Ireland (reign of OlioU Molt) 
that the church of Cill-Osnadha (now Kellis- 
town), four (large Irish) miles to the east of 
Leighlin, was situated in this plain. The barony 
of Forth, or O'Nolan's country, comprised all 
this plain, and was from it called Fotharta-Fea, 
to distinguish it from the barony of Forth 
in the county of Wexford, which was called 
Fotharta-an-Chairn, from Carnsore Point. 

'"His mother: a riiaraip. Dr. O'Conor prints 
this math oir, and translates it " Duces Orien- 
tales," which shews that he did not take the 
trouble to compare the older accounts of this 
story. It is stated in the Leahhar Gahhala of 
the O'Clerys, and in Keating's History of Ireland, 
that this Cical and his mother. Lot Luaimneach, 
had been in Ireland before Partholan. — See 
Ilaliday's edition, p. 167. 

" Sleamhnai Maighe-Ithe. — This was the name 
of a place near Lough Swilly, in the barony of 
Kaphoe, and county of Donegal ; but it is now 



6 aNwata i^io^hachca eiReawN. [2532. 

froiijia 111 SlfrhnoiB TDuije hire 50 ]io meboib pop "« ponnopuibh |iia bpaji- 
ralon, 50 ]\o ma]ibaio uile, conaD e each niuighe hlche innpin. 

Qoip Domoin, Dct mile cuicc cfo rpioca a66. UoinaiDm Locba Con, -] 
Loclia 'Cecheac ifin mblmbainpi. 

Ctoip oorhoin, oa mile cuicc ceaD cpiocha acpf. Slain^e mac paprolain 
Decc ipin mbliaDampi, -\ po haoTiaclic In cca]in Slebe Slansa. Uomaibm 
Loca TTiepc be op ipin bliaDain cfona. 

Qoip oorhoin, oa mile cuij ceo rpiclia aciiij. Laijlinoe mac papfaloin 
Dfg ipan mbliaoampi. Qn can po clap a pfpc ap ann po mebaib Loch Cai j- 
linne 1 nUib mac Uaip, conab uaba ainmnijcfp. 'Comaibm Locha liGachcpa 
bfop. 

Qoip oomoin, Da mile CU15 ceo cff]iaca a cui?;. Riibpuibe mac papca- 
loin 00 bachab 1 Coc Rubpuibe, lap ccomaU)m in locha caipip, conab uaba 
paicfp Loch TJubpui^e. 

Qoip Domom, od mile 01115 cfo cfcpacha ape. TTUipcola bpfna po cfp 
ipm mbliabainpi, conab e an pfchcmab loch comaibm po mebaib i naimpip 
Paiicaldin, -] ap Dopme ap ainm Loch Cuan. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile CU15 ceo caoga. papcalon Decc pop Sfnmoij elra 
GoDoip ipin mbliaboin['i. Q naimpiji jabala papcaloin Ro plfccoic na 
mui^epi : ace na ma ni pfp caice bliabna dipibe in po plfchcoiD. TTlaj 

obsolete. Jlagli-lthc is the name of a plain in rum, at 21tli Mai-cli. pp. 742, 744. The earn of 

the barony of Kaphoe, along the Kiver Finn. — Slainge is still to be seen on the summit of 

See Colgan's Trias Thaum., pages 114, 181. Slieve-Donard, and forms a very conspicuous 

° Loch Con A large lake in the barony of object. The hero Slainge is now forgotten by 

Tirawley, and county of Mayo. tradition, but the memory of St. Donard is still 

P LochTecheat. — Now Lough Gara, near Boyle, held in great veneration throughout the barony 

on the borders of the counties of Koscorunion of Iveagh and the Mourne mountains. Archdall 

and Sligo See note '', under A. D. 1 256, p. 357. {Monasticon, p. 733) commits the double error of 

1 Sliahh Sknujha This was the ancient name confounding Sliabh-Domhanghairt with Carn- 

ofSliabh Domhanghairt, or Sliuve Donard, in the sore point, on the south coast of Wexford, and 

south-east of the county of Down. Giraldus of supposing the latter gentle promontory to be 

Cambrensis says that it was called Mons Domi- " a very high mountain which overhangs the 

nici in his own time, from a St. Dominicus who sea." 

built a noble monastery at the foot of it. — Top. ' Loch-Mesc. — Now Lough-iMask, a large and 

Ilih., dist. iii. c. 2. This was St. Domhanghart, beautiful lake near Ballinrobe, in the county of 

and the monastery is Maghera. — See Colgan's Mayo. 

Trias Thaum., p. Ill n, 131 ; and Ada Sancto- " Loch-Laighliiine. — This lake is mentioned 



2532.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 7 

where the Foraorians were defeated by Parthalon, so tliat they were all slain. 
This is called the battle of Magh-Ithe. 

The Age of the World, 2532. The eruption of Loch Con° and Loch 
Techeat'' in this year. 

The Age of the World, 2533. Slainge, son of Partholan, died in this 
year, and was interred in the earn of Slial)h Slangha''. Also the eruption of 
Loch Mesc'' in the same year. 

The Age of the World, 2535. Laighlinne, son of Parthalon, died in this 
year. When his grave was dug, Loch Laighlinne" sprang forth in Ui Mac Uais, 
and from him it is named. The eruption of Loch Eachtra' also. 

The Age of the World, 2545. Rudhruidhe, son of Parthalon, was drowned 
in Loch Rudhruidhe", the lake having flowed over him; and from him the lake 
is called. 

The Asje of the World, 2546. An inundation of the sea over the land at 
Brena" in this year, which was the seventh lake-eruption that occurred in the 
time of Parthalon; and this is named Loch Cuan. 

The Age of the World, 2550. ParthalondiedonSeanMagh-Ealta-Eadair" 
in this year. In the time of Parthalon's invasion these plains were cleared 
[of wood]; but it is not known in what particular years they were cleared : 

in the Leahhar-Gahhcda, and by Keating and in the south-west of the county of Donegal. 
O'Flaherty, as in Ui Mac Uais Breagh, a district "" Brena. — This is called fretum Brennese in 
in Eastmeath, to the south-west of Tara. This the second and fourth Lives of St. Patrick, pub- 
lake has not been identified. lished by Colgan. — See Trias Thaum., pp. 14, 19, 

' Loch-Eaclitra. — This lake is referred to in 39. It was evidently the ancient name ol' the 

the dirontcon Scotonim as situated between mouth of Strangford Lough, in the county of 

Sliabh Modhurn and Sliabh Fuaid; and Iveatiiig Down, as the lake formed by the inundation 

and O'Flaherty place it in Oirghialla. There is was Loch Cuan, which is still the Irish name of 

no remarkable lake between Sliabh IMudhorn Strangford Lough. 

and Sliabh Fuaid, except Loch Mucnaudia at ^ Scaii-Mhagh Ealta-Edair : i.e. iha o\(\V\am 
Castleblaney, in the county of Monaglian ; and of the Flocks of Edar : i. e. on the plain after- 
it may be therefore conjectured that it is the wards so called, because Edar was the name of a 
Loch Echtra in question. Sliabh Mudhorn is chieftain who flourished many centuries later, 
in the barony of Cremorne, in the county of — See Og^/jrja, part iii. c. 44. The name appears 
Monaghan ; and Sliabh Fuaid is near Newtown to have been applied to the plain extending from 
Hamilton, in the county of Armagh. Binn-Edair, or the Hill of Howth, to Tallaght. 

" Loch Rudhruidlic : i. e. Rury's Lake. This Keating states that this was the only plain in 

was the name of the mouth of the River Erne, Ireland not covered with wood, when the conn- 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[2820. 



nGirpije, la Connocca, TTla^ nlre, la Laijniu ; TTlas Li'i, la liUiB mac Uaip 
bpf^ ; TTla^ Larapna, la Octl nQjiuiDe. 

Qoip Domoin, Da mile ochc ccfo pice blia&an. Naoi TTIile do ecc ppi 
liaompfchrmain Do muincep papraloin pop pfnmaish ealca Gaooip .1. CU15 
rrifle Dpfpoib, -\ ceirpe mile Do mndibli. ConaD oe pin aca Uaimleachc 
muincepe papralain. Upf cfo bliabain po cairpioc 1 nGpinn. 

Gpe pap rpiochar bliaDain 50 ccaimcc NeirhiDli. 

Qoip Domoin, Da mile ochr ccfo caocca. Neimib Do cechc in nGpmn. Ip 
an Dapa la Decc lap ccechc Do NeimiD co na rhumnp acbar ITlacha bfn 
NeiitiiD. Qciao annpo na cfrpa liaipig barap laip, Soapn, ktptainel paib, 
peapjup Leiroepj, -] QniDino. Ceirpe meic NeimiD laopibe. TTleou, TTlacha, 
^ba, -] Cfpa, cfrfopa mnd na naipeachpm. 

Qoip Dorhom, Dci mile occ ccfo caoga anaoi. Ipin mbliaDoinpi po mebaib 
Loc nDaipbpfc -] Coch nQinninD hi mibe. 

Qriarc annpo na Rarlia po coccbaoli, na moi^e po plfchcab, "| na locha 
po romaibmpac ino aimpip Nemib,5en 50 bpojrop bliabna painpfbaclia poppa. 
Rach Cino ecli i nUibh Niallain ; Tiach Ciombaoic hi Seirhne, majh Cfpa, 



try was first discovered by Ninus, son of Beliis. 
Clontarf is referred to as a part of it. 

'' Magh-n-Eithrighe. — In the Chronicon Scoto- 
rum this is called Magh-Tuiredh, alias Magh 
n-Edara. There are two Magh-Tuiredbs in 
Connaught, one near Cong, in the county of 
Mayo, and the other near Lough Arrow, in the 
county of Sligo. 

■^ Magh-Ithe, in Leinster. — Not identified. 

' Magh-Lii, in Ui-Mac- Uais-Breagh This 

is a mistake for Magli-Lii in Ui-Mac-Uais. It 
was the name of a territory extending from Bir 
to Camus, on the west side of the Kiver Bann, 
where the Fir-Lii, a section of the descendants 
of ColIaUais, settled at an early period. There 
was no Magh-Lii in Breagli. 

" Magh-Latharna : i. e. the Plain of Lariic 

'J'his was the name of a tuagh or district com- 
prised in the present barony of Upper Glcnarm, 

and county of Antrim See Ecdcs. Antiquities 

of the Dioceses of Down and Connor and Dromorc, 



by the Rev. William Reeves, M. B., M. R. I. A., 
pp. 55, 87, 264, 324, 338. For the extent of 
Dal Araidhe, see the same work, pp. 334 to 348 ; 
and the second part of these Annals, note °, 
under the year 1 174, p. 13. Giraldus Cumbrensis 
also mentions the cutting down of four forests 
in the time of Bartholanus, and adds that in his 
own time there were more woods than plains in 
Ireland : " Sed etiam adhuc hodie, respectu 
sylvarum, pauca sunt hie campestria." Sir 
Robert Kane, in the nineteenth century, had to 
complain of the very contrary — See his Indus- 
trial Resources of Ireland, 2nd edition, p. 3. See 
Boate's Natural History of Ireland, 8vo. London, 
1652, chap. XV., which accounts for the diminu- 
tion of timber in Ireland " by the incredible 
quantity consumed in the iron works, and by the 
exportation of pipe staves in whole ship loads." 
— See Hardiman's edition of O'Flaherty's lar- 
Connaucjht, p. 8, note ■". 

'^TaimlileacM-AIuintire-Partlialoin.-0'''S\ahtTty 



2820.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 9 

Magh-n-Eithrighe'', in Connaught ; Magh-Itlic, in Leinster^ ; Magh-Lii% in 
Ui-Mac-Uais-Brcagli ; Magh-Latliarna", in Dal-Araidhe. 

Tlie Age of the Woi-ld, 2820. Nine thousand of Parthalon's people died 
in one week on Sean-Mhagh-Ealta-Edair, namely, five thousand men, and four 
thousand women. Whence is [named] Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin*^. 
They had passed three hundred years in Ireland. 

Ireland was thirty years waste till Neimhidh's arrival. 

The Age of the World, 2850. Neimhidh" came to Ireland. On the twelftli 
day after the arrival of Neimhidh Avith his people, Macha, the wife of Neimhidh, 
died. These were the four chieftains who were with him : Sdarn, larbhainel 
the Prophet, Fearghus Leithdheirg, and Ainninn. These were the four sons 
of Neimhidh. Medu, Macha, Yba, and Ceara, were the four wives of these 
chieftains. 

The Age of the World, 2859. In this year Loch Dairbhreaclf and Loch 
Ainninn'^ in Meath sprang forth. 

These were the forts tliat were erected, the plains that were cleared, and 
the lakes that sprang forth, in the time of Neimhidh, but the precise years^ 
are not found for them : Rath-Cinnech", in Ui-Niallain ; Eath-Cimbaeith', in 

states that a monastery was afterwards erected a large and beautiful lake, near Castlepollard, 
at this place, and that it is situated three miles in the county of Westmeath. 
to the south of Dublin. — See Ogygia, part iii. f Loch Ainninn. — Now Lough Ennell, near 
c. 5. It is the place now called Tallaght, and Mullingar. — See note", under the year 1446, 
some very ancient tumuli are still to be seen p. 949, in the second part of these Annals, 
on the hill there. The word cairhlecicc, or s The precise years : i.e. the precise years in 
caiinlacc, signifies a place where a number of which such forts were erected, plains cleared, 
persons, cut off by the pilague, were interred &c., have not been recorded. Dr. O'Conor 
together. — See Cormac's Glossary, in wceCaiiii- translates this : " quousque experti sunt annos 
leacc. The word frequently enters into the pestilentiales contra se," which is not the mean- 
topographical names in Ireland, and is anglicised ing intended by the Four Masters. 
Tamlaght, Tawlaght, and Tallaght. •> Rcdh-Cinnech. — There is no place now bear- 

^ Neimhidh. — In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, ing this name in the baronies of Ui-Niallain or 

as translated by Connell Mageoghegan, the arri- Oneilland, in the county of Armagh, 
val of " Nevie with his fower sonnes into Ireland ' Rath-Cimbaoith : i. e. Kimbaeth's Fort. This 

out of Greece," is synchronized with the latter name is now obsolete. The position of the plain 

endof the reign of Altades, monarch of Assyria. of Scimhne is determined by Einn-Seimhne, 

O'Flaherty places it in A. M. 2029. i. e. the point or promontory of Seimhne, the 

^LochDairbhreach. — NowLoughDerryvaragh, ancient name of Island- INIagee, in the county of 



10 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3066. 



ITlaj nGaba, TTlasli Clniile colaD, "] TTlasli Luipj hi cConDadicoib ; TTla^ 
rocliai]! 1 rUip Gogain; Leajmag i TTlurhaiti ; TTlasb mbiifnra i Laijnibh ; 
TTlajh LiijciDi nUib Uuiprpe; TTlash SepeD hi cUecba; magh Semne i nDal 
apume; TTla;^ muiprennne i cConaille ; i TTlaj TTlacha Id haip^mllaib. 
Loch Cal 1 nUib Niallcnn, -] Loch muinpfitioip hi Luijnib hi Sleb ^uaipe. 
Carh mupbinls i nDctl l?iaoa. Cach bojna, -] each CnampoiYa, pop 
pomoipib. l?o bpip Neriiib laopibe. 

Qcbach NerhiD lapom oo camh i ccpich Liacdin i murhain cpf mile map 
aon pi]^ inD oilen QpDa Nerhfo. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ffpcoc ape. Uojail ciiip Conainn ipin mbliaoainpi 
la pfol NeiitiiD pop Conainn macpaobaip,"] pop pomopib ap cfna a noiojail 
jac Docpaioe Da rcapDpau poppa, aitiail ap polliip ipin cpoinic Da njoiprfp 



Antrim. — See Reeves's £ccto. Antiq. of the Dio- 
ceses of Down and Connor and Drornore, p. 270. 

^ JIagh-Ceara. — A plain in the barony of 
Carra, in the county of Mayo. 

' Marjk-n-Eabha. — Now Macbaire-Eablia, an- 
fjUcc Maglierow, a plain situated between the 
mountain of Binbulbin and the sea, in the ba- 
rony of Carbery, and county of Sligo. 

" Ma<]h-Cuile-Toladh. — A plain in the barony 
of Kilmaine, and county of Mayo. 

° Magli-Luirg. — A plain in the barony of 
Boyle, and county of Roscommon. — See note ", 
under A. D. 1187. 

° Magh-tochair : i. e. Plain of the Causeway. 
This was the name of a plain at the foot of 
Sliabh-Sneacht, anglice Slieve Snaght, in the 
barony of Inishowen, and county of Donegal, 
which Avas anciently a part of Tir-Eoghain or 
Tyrone. The church of Domhnachmor-Muighe- 
tochair, near the village of Carn-Donagh, is 
referred to in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick 
as in this plain. 

P Leagmhagh, in Munster — Not identified. 

'' Magh m-Brensa Unknown. 

' Magh- Ltighadh : i. c. Lughadh's Plain, a dis- 
trict near Lough Neagh ; but this name is now 
obsoleta — See note ", under the year 1218. 



' Magh-Seredh. — See the year 738, where this 
place is said to be Ceanannus, i. e. Kells, between 
the two Teffias. 

' Magh-Seimhne. — SeeRath-Cimbaoith, note*^, 
siipi-d. 

" Magh-Muirtheimhne. — A level country, in 
the present county of Louth, extending from 
the River Boyne to the mountains of Cuailgne 
or Carlingford. Dundalk, Louth, Drumiskin, 
Faughard, and Monasterboice, are mentioned 
as in this plain. — See the Annals of Tighernach, 
A. D. 1002 ; Ussher's Primordia, pp. 627, 705, 
827, 902. This territory was otherwise called 
Machaire-Oirghiall, and Conaille-Muirtheimhne. 
—See A. D. 1434, 1452, 14G6, and 1486. 

" j\Iagh-Macha. — This was the ancient name 
of the plain in which the town of Armagh is 
situated. It is more usually called Machaire- 
Arda-Macha, i. e. the Plain of Armagh. — See 
A. D. 1103, 1196, and 1424. 

" Loch-Cal. — Now Lough Gall, a small lake, 
giving name to a village in the barony of West 
Oneilland (Ui-Niallaiu), county of Armagh. 

I' Loch-Muinreamhair. — Now Lough Ramor, 
near Virginia, in the barony of Castlerahin, and 
county of Cavan. Luighne was an e.xtensive 
territory in ancient Meath. The name is still 



3066.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



11 



Seimline; Magli-Ceara\ Magh n-Eabha', ]\Iagli-Cuile-Toladir, and Magh-Luirg", 
in Connauglit; Magh-tochair", in Tir-Eogliain ; Lcagnihagh, in Munster''; Magh 
m-Brensa'', in Leinster ; Magh-Lugliadh'', in Ui-Tuirtre; Magli-Seredli', in Teffia; 
Magh-Seimhne', in Dal-Araidhe ; Magh-Miiirtlieimhne", in Conaille ; and Magh- 
Macha", in Oirghialla ; Loch-CaF, in Ui-Niallain ; Loch-Muinreamhair", in 
Luigline, in Sliabh Guaire^ The battle of Murbholg", in Dal-Riada; the battle 
of Baghna"; and the battle of Cnamh-Ross' against the Fomorians. Neimhidh 
gained these [battles]. 

Neimhidh afterwards died of a plague, together with three thousand persons, 
in the island of Ard-Neimhidh", in Crich Liathain', in Munster. 

The Age of the World, 3066. The demolition of the tower of Conainn*^ in 
this year, by the race of Neimhidh, against Conainn, son of Faebhar, and the 
Fomorians in general, in i-evenge for all the oppression they had inflicted upon 
them [the race of Neimhidh], as is evident from the chronicle which is called 



retained in the barony of Lune, but the territory 
was far more extensive than tliis barony. 

' Sliahh Guaire. — Tliis is still the name of a 
mountainous district in the barony of Clanlcec, 
and county of Cavan. — See Loch-Suidlie-Odh- 
rain, A. D. 1054. 

"^ Murhholg : i. e. Sea-inlet. Now Murlougli 
Bay, on the north-east coast of the barony of 
Gary, and county of Antrim. Dalriada was the 
ancient name of that part of the county of An- 
trim lying north of Sliabh Mis, or Slemmish. 

'' BcitjJma. — This is still the name of a moun- 
tainous district in the east of the county of 
Roscommon, nearly coextensive with the ba- 
rony of Ballintober, North See Sliabh Baghna, 

A. D. 1572, and Tribes and Ciistomsof Ily-ilamj, 
p. 90, note ". 

"^ Cnamh-Eoss : i. e. Wood of the Bones. This 
was probably the ancient name of Camross, near 
Barry's Cross, in the county of Carlo w. 

^I'he island of Ard-Neimhidh — NowBarrymore 
Island, otherwise the Great Island, near Cork. 
— See Keating's History of Ireland, Ilaliday's 
edition, p. 1 78. 

C 



' Crich-Liathain A large district in the 

county of Cork, comprising the village of Castle- 
Lyons, and the Great Island near Cork See 

note % under A. D. 1579, p. 1722. 

f Tor- Conainn.— C&M&A. Tor-Conaing by Keat- 
ing, and in the more ancient copies of the Leuhhar 
Gabhala, where the story of the destruction of it 
is given at full length. It was situated on Tory 
Island, oiF the north-west coast of the county of 
Donegal. There is no tradition of this Conainn, 
or Conaing, on Tory Island at present ; but there 
are most curious traditions of Balor. Giraldus 
Cambrensis calls the Fomorians " Gygantes 
(quibus tunc temporis abundabat insula)", and 
" pyrati, qui Hiberniam grauiter depopulari con- 
sueuerant." In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as 
translated by Connell Mageoghegan, it is said 
that " these Ffomores were a sept descended from 
Cham, the sonne of Noeh ; that they lived by 
pyracie and spoils of other nations, and were in 
those days very troublesome to the whole world." 
— See A. M. 3330, infra. O'Flaherty thinks that 
they were the inhabitants of Denmark, Norway, 
Finland, &c. — See Ogygia, part iii. c. 56, p. 303. 



12 



awHata Rio^hachca eiTjeaNw. 



[3266. 



Ceabap ^abala, "] ap p iiaill nac copcparop coriiruicim Diblinibh jen mo cdo 
na cpi Dfichneaboip ceapnacoji do clainD Nemib po aipoib in Domain 50 pan- 
gacop Gpinn lap ccpioll ina bpepaib bolcc. Se bliabna oecc Da cfo po 
caic NerhiD co na pfol ino Gpinn. 6pe pap lappin pe Da cfu bliaDain. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da cfo pepccac ape. pip bolcc 00 jabail Gipionn 
a bpoipcfnD na blioDna po. Slainge, ^ano, ^enann, Seangann, "] T^uDpuije 
a ccoig coipij. Cuig nieic Oeala mic Loich laDporh. l?o pfojpac an cfrpop 
oile 1 pip bolcc ap cfna Slainje uaipnb. 



8 The Leahhar-Gahhala: i. e. the Book of Inva- 
sions. There are various copies of this work 
still extant, of which the oldest seems to be that 
in the Stowe Library, described by Dr. O'Conor 
in the Stowe Catalogue. There is a fragment 
of an ancient copy contained in the Book of 
Leinster, in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 2. 18, but it wants the beginning. 

^ Mutually fell by each other : i. e. they mutu- 
ally slaughtered each other almost to annihila- 
tion. Dr. O'Conor renders this: "Et mirum 
est non occisos fuisse simul interfectos ex utra- 
que parte plures quam triginta." But he is 
clearly wrong, for in the ancient Irish ap puaill 
nac is the same as the modern ip beaj nac. The 
mistakes of this kind throughout Dr. O'Conor's 
translation are countless, and the Editor shall, 
therefore, only notice the most remarkable of 
them. 

' Two hundred and sixteen years, ^c. — Giraldus 
Cambrensis, in his I'opog. Hib., dist. iii. c. 3, 
agrees with this, which shews that this account 
of Neimhidh was then written: "Ducentis igitur 
& 16 aunisNeincdi generatio Hiberniam tenuit: 
& ducentis postmodum annis vacua fuit." 

•' The other four, ^c — Dr. O'Conor translates 
this : " Rcgnaverunt quatuor alii et Firbolgi 
similiter, Slangio supra ipsos regnante." But 
he totally mistakes the construction. It should 
be : " Ordinavcrunt quatuor alii et Firbolgi 
similiter Slangium [regem] supra ipsos." Con- 
nell Mageoghegau renders it in his translation 



of the Annals of Clonmacnoise as follows : 

" After making of which division [of Ireland 
into five provinces], Slane, their said elder bro- 
ther, by the consent and election of his other 
foure brothers, was chosen king, and was the 
first king that ever absolutely ruled Ireland." 

Keating quotes the Book of Druim-Sneachta, 
which he says existed before the time of St. Pa- 
trick, as authority for these stories concerning 

the migration of these Firbolgs from Greece 

See Haliday's edition, pp. 186, 214. 

The account of the division of Ireland into 
provinces by these five brothers has been totally 
omitted by the Four Masters in their Annals. 
It is given in all the copies of the Leabhar- 
Gabhala, in the Annals of Clonmacnoise ; and in 
Keating's History of Ireland. It is given as fol- 
lows in the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" This sept was called Ffirvolge ; there were 
five brothers that were their chieftains, the 
sonnes of Dela mac Loich, that first divided Ire- 
land into five provinces. 

" 1. Slane, their eldest brother, had the pro- 
vince of Leynster for his part, which containeth 
from Inver Colpe, that is to say, where the River 
of Boyne entereth into the sea, now called in 
Irish Drogheda, to the meeting of the three 
Waters, by Waterford, where the Three Rivers, 
Suyre, Ffuoir, and Barrow, do meet and run to- 
gether into the sea. 

" 2. Gann,the second brother's part was South 
Munster, which is a province extending from 



3266.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAiM). 



13 



Leabliar-Gabhala^ ; and they nearly all mutually fell by each other" ; thirty 
persons alone of the race of Neimhidh escaped to different quarters of the 
world, and they came to Ireland some time afterwards as Firbolgs. Two 
hundred and sixteen years' Neimhidh and his race remained in Ireland. After 
this Ireland was a wilderness for a period of two hundred years. 

The Age of the World, 32 GG. The Firbolgs took possession of Ireland at 
the end of this year. Slainghe, Gann, Genann, Seangann, and Rudhraighe, were 
their five chieftains. These were the five sons of Deala, son of Loich. The 
other four" and the Firbolgs in general elected Slainge as king over them. 



that place to Bealagh-Conglaissy. 

" 3. Seangann, the third brother's part was 
from Bealagh-Conglaissy to Rossedahaileagh 
[Rop Da paileac], now called Limbricke, which 
is the province of North Munster. 

" 4. Geanann, the fourth brother, had the 
province of Connaught, containeing from Lim- 
bricke to Easroe. 

" 5. Eorye, the fifth brother, and youngest, 
had from Easroe aforesaid to Inver Colpe, which 
is the province of Ulster." 

The account of the division of Ireland into 
five provinces by the Firbolgs is also given in 
Dr. Lynch's manuscript translation of Keating's 
History of Ireland., as follows : 

" Firbolgi illi quinque Diuastse Hiberniam 
universam in quinque partiti sunt portiones. 
Slanius inter fratres natu primus, qui Slanio 
flumini Wexfordiai adfluenti nomen fecit, sibi 
Lageniam ab Inbhercolpa Droghedach alias Va- 
dipontem ad Trium Aquarum Confluvia excur- 
rentem, et comitum mille viros adscivit. Ganno 
e Comitibus mille, nee non Australis Momonia, 
quidquid nimirum agrorum inter Trium Aqua- 
rum Confluvia et Belaghconglas Limbricum pa- 
tet, cesserant. Ad Senganum tractus a Belach- 
conglas et Limbrico protensus in occidentem, 
cum mille viris sorte devenit. Mille alij Gana- 
num prosecuti sunt, cum traditas sibi Conacias, 
quEe Limbricum ab Austro, Drovisiam ab Aqui- 
lone, pro metis habet, possessionem adiret. As- 



signatum sibi Vltoniam a Drovisia ad Vadipon- 
tem porrectam capescivit lluarius, eo etiam mille 
hominum colonia deducta. 

"Hi quini Dinastae Comitesque Firbolgi, Fir- 
domnani, et Galeoni dicti sunt : Firbolgi ab 
utribus ferendis, Fir enim hibernice viros, et 
Bolg utres significat, alluditque vo.x ad vtres 
illos supra memoratos, quibus egestam ab ipsis 
humo mergam ad scabra saxceta, et ferendis 
frugibus inepta, quo feracia invaderent novalia, 
comportarunt. Firdomnani vero propterea nun- 
cupabantur, quod fodientes in terraui alte de- 
scenderant, Etenim Hibernica vox oorhuin 
perinde est ac altum, sive profundum. Galeoni 
autem nominati sunt ab hastarum genera, quibus 
intentos operi socios ab hostium injurijs prote- 
gebant. In Hiberniam licet eadem Hebdoniada, 
non tamen eodem die Firbolgi omnes appule- 
runt. Slanius ad Slanij Fluvii ostia, die Saba- 
thi ; Die uero Blartis Gannus & Senganus in 
Irisdomnam, Gannanus et liuarius die Veneris 
Trachruris naves applicuerunt. Qui omnes 
quauquam communi nomine Firbolgorum voce 
innotescerent, peculiari tamen nomine Slani 
Comites Galeones, Ganni et Sengani Firbolgorij, 
Euairci et Genani Sooij Firdomnani vocabautur: 
Gannanum quidem et Ruarium, nonnulli tra- 
duut, ad fluvij Damnani, qui, qua fluit ad Cona- 
ciam Caurus in oceanum se exonerat, C'stia 
primum appulisse ac flumini nomen fecisse." — 
Page 58. 



14 QMNaca Rio^hachca eiReaww. [3267. 

Qoip Domain, r]n mile od ceo ];^eafccac a peachc. Slainje mac Oeala 
Do beich 1 iii'je Gpionn p]ii pe aoinbliabna, "| a ecc i poipcfnn na bliabna fin 
1 nOionn TJfj pop bpu bfpba. 

Ctoip Domoin, rpf mile Da ceD peapccac a hocc. RuDpuibe mac Oeala 
Do jabail pf^e nGpeano. Qn ceD bliabain Dia pije innpin. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD peapcac anaoi. Qn Dapa bliaboin Do pije 
l?ubpiiiDe, "] a ecc i tpoipcionn na bliaDna po. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile Da ceD pfchrmojac. Qn ceD bliabain Do pije 
^ainn "] ^eanainn op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile Dct ceD pechnnojac a cpi'. Qn cfrparriaD bliaDain 
DO ^ann "] Do ^eanann, i a necc Do ram a bpoipcfno na bliabna po hi ccpi'c 
Liarain co ppicic ceD ap aon piu. 

Qoip Domoin, cpi mile Da ceD pfchcmojar a cfcaip. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
pije ShenjainD mnpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD pfccmo^ac a hocc. Q bpoipcenD an cuicc- 
eah bliabain Do pije Sfngamn copcoip Id piachaib Cennpionndn mac Scaipn. 

Qoip Doriiain, cpi mile Da ceD pfccmojac anaoi. Qn ceD bliabain do 
pi^e piacach Cennpionndn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceo occmojac a cpi. Qn ciiicceab bliabain Do 
pije piaca, i a chuicim la Rionnal mac ^eanoinn an bliabainpi. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD occmojac c( cfcaip. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
pije Rionnail mic ^eanoinn pop Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD occmojcic anaoi. lap bpopbab an peipeaD 
bliabain Do Pionndl ip an pi^e, copchoip la poibbgen mac Senjliainn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD nochac. Qn ceD bliabain Do pije poibbjen. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD nochac arpf. Q bpoipcfnn on cfcpamab 
bliabain do pi^e poibbjen Do pochaip la h6ocaib mac Gpc. 

Qoi|' Domain, cpi mile Da ceD nochac a cfcaip. Qn ceo bliabain Do 
pis^lie Gchbac mic Gpc mnpin. 

' JJinn-Riijh : i. e. the Hill of tlie Kings, otlitr- well known. It is situated in the townland of 

wise called Dumha-Slaingc, i. e. Slainge Mound. Ballyknockan, about a quarter of a mile to the 

This was a very ancient seat of the kings of south of Leighlin- Bridge, near the west bank of 

Leinstcr. Keating describes its situation as on the Eiver Barrow. Nothing remains of the pa- 

the brink of the Kiver Bcarblia [the Barrow], lace but a moat, measuring two hundred and 

between Carlow and Leighlin. This place is still thirty-seven yards in circumference at the base, 



3267] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 15 

The Age of the World, 3267. Slainghe, son of Deak, was king of Ireland 
for a period of one year ; and he died at the end of the year, at Dinn-Righ', on 
the brink of the Bearbha. 

The Age of the World, 3268. Rudhraighe, son of Deala, assumed the 
government of Ireland. This is the first year of his reign. 

The Age of the World, 3269. The second year of the reign of Rudhraighe ; 
and he died"" at the end of this year. 

The Age of the World, 3270. Tliis was the first year of the reign of 
Gann and Geanann over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3273. The fourth year of Gann and Geanann ; 
and they died at the end of this year, with twenty hundred along with them, in 
Crich-Liathain". 

The Age of the World, 3274. Tliis was the first year of the reign of 
Sen^ann. 

The Age of the World, 3278. At the end of the fifth year of the reign 
of Seangann, he fell by Fiachaidh Cennfinnan, son of Starn. 

The Age of the World, 3279. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Cenn- 
finnain. 

The Age of the World, 3283. The fifth year of the reign of Fiacha. And 
he fell by Rinnal, son of Geanann, this year. 

The Age of the World, 3284. The first year of the reign of Rinnal, son 
of Geanann, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3289. After the completion of the fiftli year of 
his reign by Rinnal, he fell by Foidhbhgen, son of Seangann. 

The Age of the World, 3290. The first year of the reign of Foidhbhgen. 

The Age of the World, 3293. At tlie end of the fourth year of the reign 
of Foidhbhgen, he fell by Eochaidh, son of Ere. 

The Age of the World, 3294. This was the first year of the reign of 
Eocliaidh, son of Ere. 

sixty-nine feet in height from the level of the ° Crich-Liathain. — A district in the county of 

River Barrow, and one hundred and thirty-five Cork, containing the village of Castlclyons, and 

feet in diameter at top. the Great Island near Cork. According to Keat- 

"■ Died. — According to Keating and the Lea- ing and O'Flaherty, Gann and Geanann died of 

bhar-Gabhala, he died at Brugh, over the River the plague at Freamhain, in Meath, nowFrewin, 

Boyne. ' a lofty hill near Mullingar, in Westmeath. 



IQ awNa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [3303. 

Qoip Domain, r]u mile rpi ceo ac|ii. Qn DechmaD bliabain do pije 
eachoac mic 6)ic, -] cip ipine blmbain DfiDfnach a plcnnuya, uaip ranjarap 
"Cuacha Oe Oanonn Do jalictil Gpeann poji pfpoib bolcc co ccapopar car 
Dia poile pop TTlaij ruipfo lii Conmaicne Chuile Colab i cConDaclicaib, ^up 
po mctpbab an pi Gocliaib mac Gpc Id rpib macoib NeimiD mic babpai Do 
Ciiarhaib oe Danonn, Ceapapb, Luam, -) Liiacpa a nannianna. l?o Di'or- 
lairpisbro Pip bolcc ipin car pin, -] po laD a ndp. Ro bfnaD bfop a larh Do 
Muabacc mac Gchbac, mic Gccaplaim, (oon pij po baoi pop UuachaiB Oe 
Dannann) ii^in car cfona. Qpe an cGocbaib pempciice T?i Dfiofnac pC\\ 
mbolcc. Naonbap po ^ab pije Diob, -) peace mblicibna oecc ap picic poD a 
bplciinupa pop Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile rpi ceo a cfroip. On cCd bliabain Do pije bpepp 
mic Galaroin pop Gpinn, uaip Do pacpac Uuara Oe Oanann pije Do lap 
iTibpi|'iob cara niuije cuipeab Con^a, an ccein po baoi Idrh Nuabac acca 
lei^iup. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile rpi ceD a Dfich. Qn pfcrmab bliabain Do bpep 
op Gpinn mnpin, 50 po pa^oib an pi^e Do Niiaocir lap nfoc a laime la Oian- 
ceclic, 1 Cpfione cepD 05 congnam laip. Uaip Do pacpao lairh naip5icc 
paip. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile rpi ceD a liaoin Decc. Qn cCd bliabain Do pijhe 
Niiabar aipsfclaim cap eip a laime do rairearh pe pi'opa aipgairc airleigrfb. 

Qoip Domain, r]ii mile cpi ceD rpiocac. Q bpoipcfnD pee bliabain Do 

" Magh-Tuireadh Otherwise called J\Iagli- and in all the copies of the Leabhar-Gahhala, 

Tuireadh-Conga, from its proximity to Cong. The and by Keating and O'Flaherty. According 

site of this battle is still pointed out in the parish to the Leahhar- Gahhala, Eoehaidh fled from this 

of Cong, barony of Kilmaine, and county of battle, and was pvirsued and overtaken on the 

Mayo, to the right of the road as you go from strand of Traigh-Eothaile, near Ballysadare, in 

Cong to the village of the Neal. There is a the present county of Sligo, where he was slain, 

dt;tailed but legendary account of this battle in a as mentioned in the text. The earn in which 

manuscript, in the handwriting of Gilla-riabhach he was interred is described as one of the won- 

0"Clery, preserved in the Library of the British ders of Ireland in the Mhabilia Hihtrnicc, in the 

Museum, Ilarl. 432, Plut. xlviii. E, beginning Book of BuUymote ; and also by O'Flaherty, in 

fol. 52 a, line 6. 0(jygia, part iii. cc. 10 and 50. This earn still 

P Was killed. — Eoehaidh, son of Ere, is given as exists, and although not high above the level of 

the last of the nine Firbolgic kings in the Annals the strand, it is believed that the tide never can 

pf ClonmacDoise as translated by Mageoghegan ; cover it. 



3303] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 17 

The Age of the World, 3303. The tenth year of the reign of Eochaidh, 
son of Ere ; and this was the last year of his reign, for the Tuatha-De-Dananns 
came to invade Ireland against the Firbolgs ; and they gave battle to each other 
at Magh-Tuireadh°, in Conmaicne-Cuile-Toladh, in Connaught, so that the King 
Eochaidh, son of Ere, was killed'' by the three sons of Neimhidh, son of Badhrai, 
of the Tuatha-De-Dananns ; Ceasarb, Luamh, and Luachra, their names. Tlie 
Firbolgs were vanquished and slaughtered'' in this battle. Moreover, the hand' 
of Nuadhat, son of Eochaidh, son of Edarlamh (the king who was over tlie 
Tuatha-De-Dananns), was cut off in the same battle. The aforesaid Eochaidh 
was the last king of the Firbolgs. Nine of them had assumed kingship, and 
thirty-seven years was the length of their sway over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3304. ^- The first year of the reign of Breas, son of 
Ealathan, over Ireland ; for the Tuatha-De-Danann gave him the sovereignty, 
after gaining the battle of Magh-Tuireadh Conga, while the hand of Nuadhat 
was under cure. 

The Age of the World, 3310. This was the seventh year of Breas over 
Ireland, when he resigned the kingdom to Nuadhat, after the cure of his hand by 
Diancecht, assisted by Creidne, the artificer, for they put a silver hand upon him. 

The Age of the World, 3311. The first year of the reign of Nuadhat 
Airgeatlamh, after his hand had been welded with a piece of refined silver. 

The Age of the World, 3330. At the end of the twentieth year of the 



'* Slaughtered. — According to the Annals of Tuatha-De-Dananns, that Credne Cerd made a 
Clonmacnoise, as translated by Connell Mageogh- silver hand for this Nuadhat, and that Dian- 
egan, the Firbolgs were " overthrown" in this cecht, the .^sculapius of the Irish, fitted it upon 
battle, and " one hundred thousand of them him, from which he was ever after known by 
slaine, with their king, Eochy Mac Eircke, which the name of Nuadhat- Airgetlamh, i. e. Nuadhat 
was the greatest slaughter that was ever heard of the Silver Hand. It is stated in the Leahhar- 
of in Ireland at one meeting." From the monu- Gahhala of the O'Clerys that Diancecht and 
ments of this battle still remaining, it is quite Credneformed the hand with motion in every fin- 
evident that great numbers were slain; but cer- gerandjoint, and that Miach, the son of Diancecht, 
tainly not so many as mentioned in the Annals to excel his father, took oiTthis hand, and infused 
of Clonmacnoise, which was probably taken from feeling and motion into every joint and vein of 
some romantic account of this battle, like that it, as if it were a natural hand. — See O'Fla- 
above referred to. herty's Ogi/gia, part iii. c. 10. In Cormac's Glos- 

■■ The hand. — It is stated in ^^q Battle ofMagh- sary the name of Diancecht is explained " Deiis 

Tuireadh, and various other accounts of the 5a/«?is," .i.oia nu h- ice, "the God of curing." 

D 



18 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawvi. 



[3330. 



jiije NuaDac Qpgaulairh coyicaip i ccac TTiuije cuipfo ra bpomopac la 
balop mbailcbemnioch Dpiiorhoijiib. 



^ Magh-Tuireadh na bh-Fomorach. — This name 
is still remembered in the country, and is now 
applied to a townland in the parish of Kilmac- 
tranny, barony of Tirerrill, and county of Sligo. 
There are very curious sejiulchral monuments 
still to be seen on this battle-field, of which a mi- 
nute description has been given by Dr. Petrie in 
a paper read before the Royal Irish Academy in 
1836.— See note =, under A. D. 1398. There 
was also a long account of this battle of the nor- 
thern Magh-Tuireadh, as well as of that of the 
southern Magh-Tuireadh, or Magh-Tuireadh- 
Conga, already mentioned, but the Editor never 
saw a copy of it. O'Flaherty, who appears to 
have read it, states {Ogygia, part iii. c. 12) that 
Balor Bemen or Bailcbemnech, general of the 
Fomorians, was slain in this battle by a stone 
thrown at him by the son of his daughter, from 
a machine called tahhull, which is believed to 
have been a slmg; and that Kethlenn, the wife 
of Balor, fought with desperation, and wounded 
the Dagda, afterwards king of the Tuatha-De- 
Dananns, with some missile weapon. This Ba- 
lor, the general of the Fomorians, is still vividly 
remembered by tradition throughout Ireland, 
as 6alop 6eimeann, and in some places they 
frighten children by his name; but he is more 
vividly remembered on Tory Island, — where he 
is believed to have chiefly resided, — and on the 
opposite coast of Donegal, than anywhere else, 
e.xcept, perhaps, at Cong, in Mayo. The tra- 
dition connected with Balor, on Tory Island, 
was written by the Editor in 1835, from the 
dictation of Shane O'Dugan, whose ancestor is 
said to have been living on Tory Island in St. 
Columbkille's time. It is a curious specimen 
of the manner in which tradition accounts for 
the names of places, and remembers the names 
of historical characters. This slory is evidently 



founded on facts ; but from its having floated on 
the tide of tradition for, perhaps, three thou- 
sand years, names have been confounded, and 
facts much distorted. 

The history of Balor runs as follows, as re- 
lated to the Editor by Shane O'Dugan, one of 
the O'Dugans of Tory Island: 

" In days of yore (a period beyond the reach 
of chronology, — far back in the night of time) 
flourished three brothers, Gavida, Mac Samh- 
thiann, and Mac Kineely (ITIac Cinnpaelaio) 
the first of whom was a distinguished smith, 
who held his forge at Drumnatinne, a place in 
the parish of Kath-Finan, which derived its 
name from that circumstance, for Dpuim na 
ceine in Irish sounds ridge of the fire in English, 
alluding to Gavida's furnace. Mac Kineely was 
lord of that district, comprising the parishes of 
Eath-Finan and Tullaghobegly, and was pos- 
sessed of a cow called Glas Gaivlen \_recte Glas 
Gaibhnennj, which was so lactiferous as to be 
coveted by all his neighbours, and so many at- 
tempts had been made at stealing her, that he 
found it necessary to watch her constantly. 

" At this same remote period flourished on 
Tory (an island lying in the ocean opposite 
Drumnatinne, which received that name from 
its presenting a towery appearance from the con- 
tinent of Tir-Connell, and from the many promi- 
nent rocks thereon, towering into the heavens, 
and called tors by the natives) a famous warrior, 
by name Balor, who had one eye in the middle 
of his forehead, and another directly opposite it, 
in the back of his skull. This latter eye, by its 
foul, distorted glances, and its beams and dyes 
of venom, like that of the Basilisk, would strike 
people dead, and for that reason Balor kept it 
constantly covered, except whenever he wished 
to get the better of enemies by petrifying them 



3330.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



19 



reign of Nuadhat of the Silver Hand, he fell in the battle of Magh-Tuireadh 
na bh-Foraorach', by Balor of the mighty blows, one of the Fomorians. 



with looks; and hence the Irish, to this day, 
call an evil or overlooking eye by the name 
of Sidl Bhaloir. But, though possessed of such 
powers of self-defence, it appears that it had 
been revealed to a Druid that Balor should be 
killed by his own O, or grandson I At this 
time Balor had but an only child, a daughter, 
Ethnea by name, and seeing that she was the 
only mediitm through which his destruction 
could be wrought, he shut her up in an im- 
pregnable tower, which he himself, or some of 
his ancestors, had built some time before on 
the summit of Tor-more (a lofty and almost in- 
accessible rock, which, shooting into the blue 
sky, breaks the roaring waves and confronts 
the storms at the eastern extremity of Tory Is- 
land) ; and here he also placed a company of 
twelve matrons, to whom he gave the strictest 
charge not to allow any man near her, or give her 
an idea of the existence or nature of that sex. 
Here the fair Ethnea remained a long time im- 
prisoned ; and, though confined within the limits 
of a tower, tradition says that she expanded into 
bloom and beauty; and though her female at- 
tendants never expressed the sound man in her 
presence, still would she often question them 
about the manner in which she herself was 
brought into existence, and of the nature of the 
beings that she saw passing up and down the 
sea in currachs: often did she relate to them her 
dreams of other beings, and other places, and 
other enjoyments, which sported in her imagi- 
nation while locked up in the arms of repose. 
But the matrons, faithful to their trust, never 
offered a single word in explanation of those 
mysteries which enchanted her imagination. 

In the mean time, Balor, now secure in his 
existence, and regardless of the prediction of 
the Druid, continued his business of war and 

D 



rapine. He achieved many a deed of fame ; cap- 
tured many a vessel ; subdued and cast in chains 
many an adventurous band of sea rovers ; and 
made many a descent upon the opposite conti- 
nent, carrying with him, to the island, men 
and property. But his ambition could never be 
satiated until he should get possession of that 
most valuable cow, the Glas Gavlin, and to ob- 
tain her he, therefore, directed all his powers 
of strength and stratagem. 

" One day Mac Kineely, the chief of the tract 
opposite the island, repaired to his brother's 
forge to get some swords made, and took with 
him the invaluable Glas Gavlin by a halter which 
he constantly held in his own hand by day, and 
by which she was tied and secured by night. 
When he arrived at the forge, he intrusted her 
to the care of his brother, Mac Samhthainn, who, 
it appears, was there too, on some business con- 
nected with war, and entered the forge himself, to 
see the sword properly shaped and steeled. But 
while he was within, Balor, assuming the form of 
a red-headed little boy, came to Mac Samhthainn 
and told him that he heard his two brothers 
(Gavida and Mac Kineely) saying, within at the 
furnace, that they would iise all his (Mac Sam- 
thainn's) steel in making Mac Kineely 's swords, 
and would make his of Iron. ' By the Seomh, 
then,' says Mac Samthainn, ' I'll let them know 
that I am not to be humbugged so easily ; hold 
this cow, my red-headed little friend, and you 
will see how soon I'll make them alter their 
intention.' With that he rushed into the forge 
in a passion, and swearing by all the powers 
above and below, that he would make his two 
brothers pay for their dishonesty. Balor, as 
soon as he got the halter into his hand, carried 
off the Glas, with the rapidity of lightning, to 
Tory Island, and the place where he dragged 



20 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3331. 



Qoip Domain cpi mile rpi ceo, rpiocac a liaon. Qn ceD bliadain Do pije 
Lojba Lampaoa uap Gpinn. 

Qoif Domain, cpi mile cpi ceo Sfccmojac. lap]p an ccffpacacrfiab 
bliaoain do Lugli LariipoDa hi pije nGipfno do pocaip Iri ITlac CuiU hi cCaon- 



her in by the tail is, to this day (a great memo- 
rial of the transaction), called Port-na-Glaise, 
or the harbour of the Glas or green cow. When 
Mac Kineely heard his brother's exclamations, 
he knew immediately that Balor had eiFected 
his purpose; so, running out of the forge, he 
perceived Balor and the cow in the middle of 
the Sound of Tory ! Mac Samhthainn, also, being 
soon made sensible of the scheme of Balor, suf- 
fered a few boxes on the head from his brother 
with impunity. Mac Kineely wandered about 
distracted for several hours, before he could be 
brought to a deliberate consideration of what 
was best to be done to recover the cow ; but, 
after he had given full vent to his passions, he 
called to the lonely habitation of a hoary Druid, 
who lived not far from the place, and consulted 
him upon the matter. The Druid told him that 
the cow could never be recovered as long as 
Balor was living, for that, in order to keep her, 
he would never close the Basilisk eye, but pe- 
trify every man that should venture to get near 
her. 

" Mac Kineely, however, had a Leanan-sidhe, 
(ir familiar sprite, called Biroge of the Mountain, 
who undertook to put him in the way of bring- 
ing about the destruction of Balor. After having 
dressed him in the clothes worn by ladies in 
that age, she wafted him, on the wings of the 
storm, across the Sound, to the airy top of Tor- 
more, and there, knocking at the door of the 
tower, demanded admittance for a noble lady 
whom she rescued from the cruel hands of a 
tyrant who had attcmjited to carry her off, by 
force, from the protection of her people. The 
matrons, fearing to disoblige the Banshee, ad- 
mitted both into the tower. As soon as the 



daughter of Balor beheld the noble lady thus 
introduced, she recognised a countenance like 
one of which she had frequently felt enamoured 
in her dreams, and tradition says that she im- 
mediately fell in love with her noble guest. 
Shortly after this, the Banshee, by her super- 
natural influence over human nature, laid the 
twelve matrons asleep; and Mac Kineely, hav- 
ing left the fair daughter of Balor pregnant, 
was invisibly carried back by his friendly sprite 
to Drumnatinne. When the matrons awoke 
they persuaded Ethnea that the appearance of 
Biroge and her protege was only a dream, but 
told her never to mention it to her father. 

" Thus did matters remain until the daughter 
of Balor brought forth three sons at a birth, 
which, when Balor discovered, he immediately 
secured the offspring, and sent them, rolled up 
in a sheet (which was fastened with a delg or 
pin), to be cast into a certain whirlpool ; but as 
they were carried across a small harbour, on the 
way to it, the delg fell out of the sheet, and one of 
the children dropped into the water, but the other 
two were secured and drowned in the intended 
whirlpool. The child that had fallen into the 
harbour, though he apparently sunk to the bot- 
tom, was invisibly carried away by the Banshee 
who had cleared the way to his procreation, and 
the harbour is to this day called Port-a-deilg, or 
the Harbour of the Pin. The Banshee wafted the 
child (the first, it appears, of the three, who had 
seen the light of this world) across the Sound in 
safety to his father, who sent him to be fostered 
by his brother Gavida, who brought him up 
to his own trade, which then ranked among 
tlie learned professions, and was deemed of so 
much importance that Bvighit, the goddess of 



3331.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



21 



The Age of the World, 3331. The first year of the reign of Lugh Lainh- 
f hada[Lewy of the Long Hand] over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3370. After the fortieth year of tlie reign of Lugli 
Lamhfhada over Ireland, he fell by Mac Cuill at Caendniim'. It was in tlie 



the poets, thought it not beneath her dignity to 
preside over the smiths also. 

" Balor, who now thought that he had again 
baffled the fates by drowning the three children, 
having learned from his Druid that Mac Kineely 
was the man who had made this great effort to set 
the wheel of his destiny in rapid motion, crossed 
the Sound, and landing on that part of the con- 
tinent called (from some more modern occupier) 
Ballyconnell, with a band of his fierce associates, 
seized upon Mac Kineely, and, laying his head 
on a large white stone (one holding him upon 
it by the long hair, and others by the hands and 
legs) cut it off, clear, with one blow of his ponde- 
rous sword! The blood flowed around in warm 
floods, and penetrated the stone to its very cen- 
tre. This stone, with its red veins, still tells this 
deed of blood, and gives name to a district com- 
prehending two parishes. It was raised, in 1794, 
on a pillar sixteen feet high, by Wyby More 
Olpherts, Esq., and his wife, who had carefully 
collected all the traditions connected with Balor. 
It is shewn to the curious traveller as Clogh-an- 
Neely (the name which Wyby More has com- 
mitted to the durability of marble, but the Four 
Masters write it more correctly Cloc Chinn- 
FaolaiD at the years 1284, 1554), and forms a 
very conspicuous object in the neighbourhood. 

" Notwithstanding all these efibrts of Balor 
to avert his destiny, the Banshee had executed 
the will of the fates. For after the decollation of 
Mac Kineely, Balor, now secure, as he thought, 
in his existence, and triumphant over the fates, 
frequented the continent without fear of oppo- 
sition, and employed Gavida to make all his mi- 
litary weapons. But the heir of Mac Kineely, 
in course of time, grew up to be an able man. 



and, being an excellent smith, Balor, who knew 
notliing of his birth, became greatly attached to 
him. The heir of Mac Kineely, who was well 
aware of his father's fate, and acquainted with 
the history of his own birth and escape from 
destruction, was observed to indulge in gloomy 
fits of despondency, and frequently to visit 
the blood-stained stone, and to return from 
it with a sullen brow which nothing could 
smooth. One day Balor came to the forge to 
get some spears made, and it happened that 
Gavida was from home upon some private bu- 
siness, so that all the work of that day was to 
be executed by his young foster-son. In the 
course of the day Balor happened to mention, 
with pride, his conquest of Mac Kineely, but 
to his own great misfortune, for the young 
smith watched his opportunity, and, taking a 
glowing rod from the furnace, thrust it through 
the basilisk eye of Balor and out through the 
other side of his head, thus avenging the death 
of his lather, slaying his grandfather, and exe- 
cuting the decree of Fate, which nothing can 
avert. ' Fatina regit homines.'' " 

Some say that this took place at Knocknafola, 
or Bloodyforeland, but others, who place the 
scene of Balor's death at Drumnatinne, account 
for the name of Knocknafola by making it the 
scene of a bloody battle between the Irish and 
Danes. Tradition, however, errs as to the place 
of Balor's death, for, according to Irish history, 
he was killed by his grandson, Lughaidh Lamh- 
fhada, in the second battle of Magh-Tuireadh — 
See Ogygia, part iii. c. 12. 

' Cnendruim. — This was the ancient name of 
the lull of Uisneach, in Westmeath, sitviated 
about four miles south-east of the village of 



22 aNMaf-a TJio^hachca ei^eaHN. [3371. 

Gjiuim. Qf I |ifimfp an Lojapa do p6na6 aonach CaiUcfn a bpopaicmfc -| 
1 cciiimne ecca a buime, Uaillce ingfri TTlajmoip ipbe, injfn pij eappaine, 
bfn GacliDac mic Gijic, ]ii' Deofnac pfp mbolc an cGocham pm. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile rpi ceo pfccmojac a haon. Qn cfo bbabain Do 
pi'^e GacliDac Ollaraip Dap bainm an Oajhoa op Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile cfcpe cfo caoja. lap bpopbab na bbaDna De&- 
fnaijepi Don occmojac bliaDan po cair GochaiD Ollacap 1 naipopige na 
liGpfno, po ecc ip an mbpuj do gai'B cpo na gona Do pac CechlenD paip hi 
cceD carTTlai^e ciiipfD. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfrpe cCd caoja a haon. Qn cfo blia&ain Do pije 
Dealbaoic mic Ogma op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Doriiain, cpi mile cfrpe cfo Sfpcar. Ip an DeacmaD bliabain Do pije 
Dealbaeir copcaip Do lairh a mic pfipin, piaca mac Oealbaeic. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpa cfo pfpcac a haon. Qn cCd bliaDain Do 
piaca mac Oealbaeic 1 pije. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpe cfo Seaccmojac. Q bpoipceano an Deac- 
maD bliaban do pi je piacaiD mic Oealbaeic op Gpinn do cuic la hGoson 
nlnbip. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpe cfo peaccmojac ahaon. Qn cfo bliabain 

Ballymore - Lough - Sewdy See O'Flalierty's of the fair, where, according to tradition, mar- 

Ogygia, part iii. c. xiii. riages were solemnized in Pagan times. There 

^ Tailltean Now Tcltown, near the Eiver are vivid traditions of this fair yet extant in the 

Boyne, in the county of Meath, and nearly mid- country; andXeltown was, till recently, resorted 

way between Kells and Navan. This i'air, at by the men of Meath for hurling, wrestling, and 

which various games and sports were celebrated, other manly sports. 

continued do\vn to the time of Rodoric O'Conor, ^ Brvrih : i. e. Brugh-na-Boinne^ a place on 

the last monarch of Ireland. It was cele- the River Boyne, near Stackallan Bridge, in the 

hrated annually on the first of August, which county of Meath. In the account of the Tuatha- 

is still called Lugh-Nasadh, i. e. Lugh's fair, De-Dananns preserved in the Book of Lecan, 

games or sports, by the native Irish. — See Cor- fol. 279, p- b. col. 2, it is stated that Daghda 

mac's Glossary, in voce ^ujnapuD. See also Mor (i. e. the Great Good Fire, so called from his 

O'Flalierty's Vf/yyia, part iii. cc. xiii. Ivi. The military ardour), for eighty years king of Ire- 

ri'm.ains of a large earthen rath, and traces of land, and that he had three sons, Aenghus,Aedh, 

three artificiallakes, and other remains, arc still and Cermad, who were buried with their father 

to be seen there. To the left of the road, as at Brugh-na-Boinne, where the mound called 

you go from Kells to Donaghpatrick, there is a Sidh-an-Bhroglia was raised over them, as a 

hollow, called 605 an cionaij, i. e. the hollow monument. It may be further remarked that 



3371] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 23 

reign of this Lugh that the fair of Tailltean" was established, in commemora- 
tion and remembrance of his foster-mother, Taillte, the daughter of Maghmor, 
King of Spain, and the wife of Eochaidh, son of Ere, the last king of the 
Firbolgs. 

The Age of the World, 3371. The first year of the reign of Eochaidh 
Ollathair, who was named the Daghda, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3450. After the completion of the last year of 
the eighty years which Eochaidh Ollathar passed in the monarchy of Ireland, 
he died at Brugh", of the venom of the wound which Cethlenn" inflicted u})on 
him in the first battle of Mao;h-Tuireadh. 

The Age of the World, 3451. This was the first year of the reign of 
Dealbhaeth, son of Ogma, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3460. In the tenth year of the reign of Dealbh- 
aeth, he fell by the hand of his own son, Fiacha mac Dealbhaeith. 

The Age of the World, 3461. The first year of the reign of Fiacha, the 
son of Dealbhaeth. 

The Age of the World, 3470. At the end of the tenth year of the reign 
of Fiacha, son of Dealbhaeth, over Ireland, he fell by Eogon of Inbher^ 

The Age of the World, 3471. The first year of the three last kings of the 

Aeugus-an-Bhrogha was considered the presid- tiquity, and prove that the Tuatha-De-Uananns 

ing fairy of the Boyne till recently, and that were a real people, though their history is so 

his name is still familiar to the old inhabitants mucli wrapped up in fable and obscurity, 
of Meath, who are fast forgetting their traditions '^Cetldenn. — Dr. O'Conor latinizes this Keth- 

with the Irish language. For some account of lendius, as if it were the name of a man, but, ac- 

the monuments which anciently existed at cording to the old accounts of the battle of Magh- 

Brugh-na-Boinne, see Petrie's Inquir)/ into the Tuireadh, Cethlenn, who wounded the Daghda 

Origin and Uses of the Round Towers of Ireland, in the second battle of Magh-Tuireadh (not the 

pp. 100, 101. The monuments ascribed by the first, as incorrectly stated by the Four Masters), 

ancient Irish writers to the Tuatha-De-Danann was the wife of Balor Beimenn, and grandmo- 

colony still remain, and are principally situated ther of Lugh Lamhfhada, who slew Balor in 

in Meath, near the Boyne, as at Drogheda, the same battle. It is stated in the Annals of 

Dowth, Knowth, and Newgrange. There are Clonmacnoise, that Inishkeihleann (Enniskillen, 

other monuments of them at Cnoc-Aine and in Fermanagh) was called from her. 
Cnoc-Griiine, in the covin ty of Limerick, and on '' Eogan oflnhher — O'Flaherty {Ogygia, p. iii. 

the Pap Mountains, t)a die tDanainne, in the c. 14) calls him Eugenius de Ard-inver, or In- 

S. E. of the county of Kerry. — See the year 861. vermor ; Keating calls the place Ard-Bric ; but 

These monuments are of the most remote an- we are not told where it is situated. 



24 



aNNQiLa Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3500 



DO jiije na ccpf jiioj nDebfnacb oo Uuachaib De Danann ]io Baoap hi ccom- 
plaicnip op epinn, TTlac Cuill, TTlac Cecc, -] TTlac ^peine innpin. 

Ctoip Domain, cp: mile cuicc cfo. Capjup [.i. colJlac] mac TTli'lfch Do cechc 
1 nGpino a bpoipcfno na bliaona po Dm gabail ap UiiochatB Oe Oanann, -) po 
peppac carSlebe TTlip ppui ipin rpfp laire lap na ruecc hi cci'p : ba ipm cor 
pin DO pocaip Scoca ingfn phapao bfn TTlileaDh,"! aca pfjic Scoca fioep SleiB 
TDip 1 miiip. Oo pocaip ano bfop pdp, bean Uin, mic Uicce, Dia cca ^IfnD 
paipi. T?o pfppar meic ITlilfch lap pin car i cUaillcin ppi rpf piojaib 
Uuaice Oe Oanann, TTlac Cuill, TTlac Cechc, -] TTlac ^pfine. T?o bap 50 
cian ag cup in cacha 50 rcopcoip TTlac Cechc la hGipeamon, TTlac Cuill la 
hCmeap,-] TTlac ^pfine la hQimipgin. 



^ Mac Cuill, (J-c. — •According to an old Irish 
poem, quoted by Keating in liis Hkiory of Ire- 
laml (See Haliday's edition, p. 212), the real 
names of these kings were Eathur, Teathur, 
and Ceathur ; and the first was called Mac Cuill, 
because he worshipped the hazel tree ; the se- 
cond, Mac Ceacht, because he worshipped the 
plough, evidently alluding to his wish to pro- 
mote agriculture; and the third, Mac Greine, 
because he worshipped the sun as his god. For 
some fanciful disquisitions upon the history and 
names of these kings the reader is referred to 
Vallancey's Vindication of Irish History, p. 496. 
In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, it is stated that " this people, 
Tuathy De Danan, ruled Ireland for 197 years; 
that they were most notable magicians, and 
would work wonderful thinges by magick and 
other diabolicale arts, wherein they were ex- 
ceedingly well skilled, and in these days ac- 
compted the chiefust in the world in that pro- 
fession." From the many monuments ascribed 
to this colony by tradition, and in ancient Irish 
historical tales, it is quite evident that they were 
a real people ; and from their having been .consi- 
dered godsand magicians by theGacdhil orScoti, 
who subdued fliem, it may be inferred that they 
were skilled in arts which the latter did not un- 



derstand. Among these was Danann, the mother 
of the gods, from whom t)a cic tDanainne, a 
mountain in Kerry, was called; Buanann, the 
goddess that instructed the heroes in military 
exercises, the Minerva of the ancient Irish 
Badhbh, the Bellona of the ancient Irish 
Abhortach, god of music ; Ned, the god of war 
Nemon, his wife ; Manannan, the god of the 
sea; Dianoecht, the god of physic; Brighit, the 
goddess of poets and smiths, &c. It appears 
from a very curious and ancient Irish tract, 
written in the shape of a dialogue between 
St. Patrick and Caoilte Mac Eonain, that there 
were very many places in Ireland where the 
Tuatha-De-Dananns were then supposed to live 
as sprites or fairies, with corporeal and material 
forms, but indued with immortality. The in- 
ference naturally to be drawn from these stories 
is, that the Tuatha-De-Dananns lingered in the 
country for many centuries after their subjuga- 
tion by the Gaedhil, and that they lived in re- 
tired situations, where they practised abstruse 
arts, which induced the others to regard them 
as magicians. So late as the third century, 
Aine, the daughter of Eogabhal, a lady of this 
race, was believed to be resident at Cnoc-Aine, 
in the county of Limerick, whore she was ra- 
vished by OilioU Olum, king of Munsttr. It 



3.500.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



25 



Tuatlia-De-Dananns, who were in joint sovereignty over Irelaiul. These were 
Mac Cui]l^ Mac Ccacht, and Mac Greine. 

The Age of the World, 3500. The fleet of the sons of Milidh" came to 
Ireland at the end of this year, to take it from the Tuatha-De-Dananns ; and 
they fought the battle of Sliabh Mis with tliem on tlie tliird day after landing. 
In this battle fell Scota, the daughter of Pharaoh, wife of Milidh ; and the grave 
of Scota" is [to be seen] between Sliabh Mis and the sea. Therein also fell 
Fas, the wife of Un, son of Uige, from whom is [named] Gleann-Faisi'. After 
this the sons of Milidh fought a battle at Tailtinn", against the three kings of 
the Tuatha-De-Dananns, Mac Cuill, Mac Ceacht, and Mac Greine. The battle 
lasted for a long time, until Mac Ceacht fell by Eiremhon, Mac Cuill by 
Eimhear, and Mac Greine by Amhergin. 



looks very strange that our genealogists trace 
the pedigree of no family living for the last 
thousand years to any of the kings or chieftains 
of the Tuatha-De-Dananns, while several fami- 
lies of Firbolgic descent are mentioned as in 
Hy-Many, and other parts of Connaught. — See 
Tribes and Customs of Hii-Manij, p. 85-90, and 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 1 1. The tract 
above alluded to as in the shape of a dialogue 
between St. Patrick and Caoilte Blac Ronain, 
preserves the ancient names of many monu- 
ments of both these colonies, as well as of their 
conquerors, the Gaedhil or Scoti, now lost to 
tradition, and is, therefore, well worthy of pub- 
lication. There are two imperfect vellum copies 
of it extant, but from the two a perfect copy 
could probably be obtained ; one in the Bod- 
leian Library, Laud. 610, fol. 123 to 146, and 
the other in the Book of Lismore, the original 
of which is in the possession of the Duke of De- 
vonshire, and a fac-simile copy in the Library of 
the Royal Irish Academy. 

* The fleet of the sons of Milidh Nennius, a 

British writer who flourished about the year 
850, says that they came to Ireland with a Heet 
of 120 ciuU. Mageoghegan, in his translation 
of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, adds, that the 



sons of Miletus (Milesius) arrived in Ireland 
on the 1 7th of May, 1029 years before the 
birth of Christ. As authority for this he re- 
fers to a work on Irish history, by " Calogh 
O'More, who was a very worthy gentleman, and 
a great searcher of antiquity ;" but he adds, that 
" Philip O'Soullevane, in his printed work, de- 
dicated to Philip the Fourth, King of Spain, 
sayeth that they came in the year before the 
birth of our Saviour, 1342, which is from this 
time present (1627), the number of 2969 years, 
Laesthenes being then the thirty-third Monarch 
of the Assyrians." — See O'SuIlivan's Hist. Ca- 
thol. Iber. Compendium, tom. i. lib. iii. c. i. p. 32. 

" Tlie grave of Scota. — This is still pointed out 
in the valley of Gleann-Scoithin, townland of 
Clabane, parish of Annagh, barony ofTrougha- 

nacmy, and county of Kerry See Ordnance 

Map of Kerry, sheet 38. Sliabh Mis, anglice 
Slieve Mish, is a mountain in the same barony. 

"^ Gleann-Faisi. — Keating states that this val- 
ley was so called in his own time. It is now 
called Glenofaush, and is situated in the town- 
land of Knockatee, parish of Ballycashlaue, in 
the same barony See Ordnance Map, sheet 40. 

^ Tailltin Now Teltowu, in Meath. — See 

note ", p. 19, supi'd. 



E 



26 



awNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3501. 



Copcjiacuji r|ia a ccfojia Riojna, Gpe let Siiijige, pocla lo hGaoan, -] 
banba la Coiclifp. r?o fjiaoineao an carh pa ofoib poji UuarhaiB De Oa- 
nann, "] po niachcaic in gac maigin i rcappuprap mo. Uopcpacap o macoib 
TTlileaD Don leirli ele Da raoipioc aipfgna 05 plaije an maDma, Piiao 1 Sleibh 
puaiD, 1 Cuctilgne 1 Sleib Cuail^ne. 

Qoip Domain cpi ITIile cuig cfo a haon. Qp 1 po bliaDain in po gab 6pea- 
rhon -| Griieap corhplaiciup op 6pinD, -] po panopocc Gpe ap Do fcoppa. Qp 
innce bfop Do ponab na gmoma po piop la hGipeamon "] Id hGriiep co na 
ccaoipiocliaib. Rdch bfochaij op Goip 1 nQpjacc Pop,-] Par Oinn 1 ccpich 
Cunlann, la liGipeaition, cocap Inbip m6ip,i ccpicbUa nGneachglapCualann, 
Id bQirhepgin, cumoach Ouine Ndiji 1 Sleib ITloDaipn, la ^oipcen, Oiin Oel- 
jinnpi 1 ccpfc Ciialann la Seoja, Oun Sobaipce 1 TTliipbolg Oal Riaoa Id 
Sobaipce, ~\ Dim Gaoaip la Suipj^e. La hGpeariion co na raoipiochaib do 
ponab innpin. Rach Uamain 1 Laignib la bGrfieap. l?ach QpDa SuipD la 
hGacan mac nUice, Cappacc pecbai^e la hUn mac nUicce, Cappacc 6la- 



' Sliabk Fuaid: i.e. Fuad's mountain, a moun- 
tain near Newtown Hamilton, in the county of 
Armagh, much celebrated in Irish history. — 
See note ', under the year 1607. 

f Sliahh Cuailgne. — Now Sliabh Cuailghe, an- 
glice Cooley mountains, situated near Carling- 
ford, in the north of the county of Louth. 

8 Ratk-Beothaigh. — Now Rathbeagh, a town- 
land on the banks of the Eiver Eoir or Feoir, 
anglki the Nore, in a parish of the same name, 
barony of Galmoy, and county of Kilkenny. — 
See the Ordnance Map of that county, sheets 9 
and 10. 

'' Argat-Ros : i. e. the Silver Wood, was the 
name of a woody district on the Nore, in the 
territory of Ui-Duach. — See it referred to as a 
lordship, under the year 851. 

' Ra(/i- Oinn Now probably Rathdown. C rich- 

Cualann is included in the present county of 
Wicklow. 

'' Inbhcr-mhor This was tlie ancient name of 

the mouth of the Abhainii-mhor, or Ovoca, 
which discharges itself into the sea at the town 



of Arklow, in the county of "Wicklow. This 
tochar is still traceable, and gives name to a 
townland near Arklow. 

' Ui-Eineachglais- Cualann This was the name 

of a territory comprised in the present barony 
of Arklow. It derived its name from Breasal 
Eineachglas, one of the sons of Cathair Mor, 
King of Ireland in the second century. 

^Dun-Naii\inSlialjhMiidhoirn Now obsolete. 

Sliabh Modhairn was the ancient name of a range 
of heights near Ballybay, in the barony of Cre- 
mornc, and county of Monaghan. In Kinfaela's 
poem on the travels, &c. of the JNIilesians, it is 
stated that Cumhdach-Nair was on Sliabh Mis. 

" Dun-Deihjinnsi: i. e. the Dun or Fort of Deil- 
ginis, which was the ancient name of Dalkey 
Island, near Dublin, not Delgany, in the county 
of Wicklow, as is generally supposed. The lat- 
ter place, which is not an island, was called, in 

Irish, Deirgne-Mochorog See O'Clery's Irish 

Calc>ulm\ at 22nd December. 

" Dun-Subludrce in Murbholg of Dal-Riada 

Now Dunseverick, an isolated rock on which are 



3501.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 27 

Their three queens were also slain ; Eire by Suirghe, Fodlila by Edan, and 
Banba by Caicher. The battle was at length gained against the Tuatha-De-Da- 
nanns, and they were slaughtered wherever they were overtaken. There fell 
from the sons of Milidh, on the other hand, two illustrious chieftains, in fol- 
lowing up the rout, [namely] Fuad at Sliabh Fuaid^ and Cuailgne at Sliabh 
Cuailgne^ 

The Age of the World, 350L This was the year in which Eremhon and 
Emher assumed the joint sovereignty of Ireland, and divided Ireland into two 
parts between them. It was in it, moreover, that these acts following were done 
by Eremhon and Emher, with their chieftains : Rath-Beothaigh^, over the Eoir 
in Argat-Ros", and Rath-Oinn' in Crich-Cualann, [were erected] by Eremhon. 
The causeway of Inbher-mor'', in the territory of Ui Eineachglais-Cualann', [was 
made] by Amergin. The erection of Dun Nair, in Sliabh Modhairn", by Gosten; 
Dun-Deilginnsi", in the territory of Cualann, by Sedgha ; Dun-Sobhairce, in 
Murbholg Dal-Riada°, by Sobhairce ; and Dun Edair" by Suirghe. By Eremhon 
and his chieftains these were erected. Rath-Uamhain'', in Leinster, by Emhear ; 
Rath-Arda-Suird' by Etan, son of Uige ; Carraig-Fethaighe' by Un, son of Uige ; 

some fragments of tbe ruins of a castle, near the '' Rath- Uamhain: i. e. the Rath or Fort of the 
centre of a small bog, three miles east of the Cave. This is probably Eathowen, in Wexford. 
Giants' Causeway, in the county of Antrim. No — See Inquisition, 38 Car. I. It is called Rath- 
portion of the original dun, or primitive fort, nov? Eomhain by Keating. — See his History of Ireland, 
remains. — See the Dublin Penny Journal, vol. i. Haliday's edition, p. 302. 

p. 361. It should be here remarked that Murbholg ' Eath-arda-Suird. — In Kinfaela's poem the 
of Dal-Riada vjras the ancient name of the small erection of this fort is ascribed to Fulman, and 
bay opposite this rock, and that Murlough Bay, that of Rath-Righbaird is attributed to Edan, 
in the same county, was also anciently called which is more correct, as it appears that, in the 
Murbholg. This fort was not erected during the distribution of territory, the province of Con- 
reign of Eremhon and Emhear, for Sobhairce, naught, in which Rath-Righbaird is situated, fell 
after whom it was named, flourished a consider- to the lot of Uu and Edan. Fulman was seated 
able time after ; and in Kinfaela's poem, though in Munster, which was Ember's or Heber's par- 
Dun-Sobhairce is given among the forts erected ticular portion of the island, and not the nor- 
by the sons of Milidh and their followers, it thern portion, as Giraldus erroneously states, 
adds, lap f ealao, i. e. " after some time." The fort called Eath-arda-Suird was situated 
Pi)««-£ta/r.— This fort, which was otherwise on the hill of Rath-tSiuird, about half a mile 
called Dun-Crimhthainn, was situated on the to the north-west of the old church of Donagh- 
Hill of Howth, near Dublin. Dr. Petrie states more, near the city of Limerick. The site of the 
that its site is occupied by the Bailie's Light- rath is now occupied by the ruins of a castle, 
house. — See Dun-Crimthainn, A. D. 9. * Carraig-Fethaitjh. — As Un was one of the 

E 2 



28 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiueaNN. 



[3502. 



paije la TTlancan, Oun apDinne la Caichfp, l?acli RiojbaipD i TTluipi]"cc la 
pulman. La hSrhip co na caoipiocliaib innj'-in. 

r?o pap inipiupain i poipceann na blmbna po eciji Gpfrhon -] Grheap im na 
cpib Dpuimnib oippDfpca, Dpuiin Clapaij i cCpich fllaine, Opuim bfcbaig 
1 niaonmaij, 1 Dpuini pinjin i TTlurhain. pfpcap each fcoppa ap allop ap 
bpu 6pi Dam ag Uochap ecep Da mag. Qp ppipioe apbfpap cac ^eipille. 
TDeabaiD an car pop eriieap,-] do cf]i anD. Uopcpacap ona rpi caoipij 
aipfgDa Do muinrip Gpeamoin ipin cac cfona. ^oipcen, Secga, -| Suipge a 
nannianna. ^abaip Gpfmon an pije lap pin. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mill cuicc cfo aoo. Qn cfiD bliaoain do pige Gpearhoin 
opGpinn, "] an oapa bliaoain lap ccechr do macoib mfleab, do pann Gpfmon 
Gpe. Do paD coicceaD UlaD DGmeap mac Ip, an TTlurha do cfirpe macoib 
Grhip Pino; coijeaD Connacc DUn ~\ DGaoan, ") coicceaD Laijfn do Cpiom- 
rann Sciachbel oo Oomnanocoib. 



two chieftains seated in Connaught, it may be 
conjectured tliat his fort or residence was situated 
at Rath-Uin, anglice Rahoon, near the town of 
Gal way. — See Chorogrwphical Description of West 
Connaught, edited by Hardiman, p. 56, note ". 

' Carraig-Blaraighe. — Called by Keating Cum- 
Duc Caipje 6la6pai6e, the edifice of Carrig- 
Bloyree. The Editor never met any topogra- 
phical name in Ireland like Bladhraidhe, except 
Blyry in the barony of Brawney, and county of 
Westmeath. — Ordnance Map, sheet 29- 

"Dun-Airdinne — Called Dun-Inn by Keating 
(ubi mprii), who states that it is situated in the 
west of Ireland. It is now unknown. 

" Rath-liiglihaird in Muiresc. — This fort is 
mentioned in the Annotations on the Life of St. 
Patrick, by Tirechan, in the Book of Armagh, 
in which it is called in Latin Fossa Riahairt. 
The church of Bishop Bronus, now Killaspug- 
brone, near the hill of Knocknarea, in the ba- 
rony of Carbury and county of Sligo, is referred 
to as built near this fort. 

* Druim-Clasach in Crich- Maine. — Accordins: 
to the Life of St. Greallan, patron saint olCrich- 



Maine, or Hy-Many, this Druim, or long hill, or 
ridge, is situated in Hy-Many, between Lough 

Ree and theEiver Suck See Tribes and Customs 

of Hy-Many, p. 10. 

' Druim- Beathaigli in Maenmhagli. — This was 
the ancient name of a remarkable ridge extend- 
ing across the plain of Maenmagh, near the town 
of Loughrea, in the county of Galway. The 
name is obsolete, but the ridge is identifiable. 

' Druim-Finghin in Minister : i. e. Fineen's 
ridge. This name is still in use, and applied to 
a long ridge of high ground dividing the barony 
of Decies-withiu-Drum, from that of Decies- 
without-Drum, in the county of Waterford. It 
extends from near Castle-Lyous, in the county 
of Cork, to Kingoguanach, on the south side of 
the bay of Dungarvan. 

" Bri-Damh : i. c. the hill of the Oxen. This 
is referred to in the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, published by Colgan {Trias Thaum., p. 160), 
as Aluns Bri-damh ; but there is no mountain 
near Geshill, nor any hill higher than 355 
feet. In a description of the site of this battle, 
preserved in the Dinusenchus (as given in the 



3502.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOx\I OF IRELAND. 



2<J 



Carraig-Blaraighe' by Mantan ; Dun-Ardinnc" by Caiclier; Rath-Righbaird, m 
Muiresg", by Fulman. By Emher and his chieftains these [were erected]. 

A dispute arose at the end of this year, between Eremhon and Emhear, about 
the three celebrated hills, Druim Clasaigh", in Crich-Maine ; Druim-Beathaigh, 
in Maenmhagh''; and Druim Finghin, in Munster''. In consequence of whicli 
a battle was fought between them, on tlie brink of Bri-Damh% at Tochar-eter- 
da-mhagh; and this is called the battle of Geisill. The battle was gained upon 
Emhear, and he fell therein. There fell also three distinguished cliieftains of tlie 
people of Eremhon in the same battle ; Goisten, Setgha, and Suirghe, [Avere] 
their names. After this Eremhon assumed the sovereignty^ 

The Age of the World, 3502. The first year of the reign of Eremhon over 
Ireland ; and the second year after the arrival of the sons of Milidh, Eremhon 
divided Ireland. He gave the province of Ulster to Emhear, son of Ir ; Munster 
to the four sons of Emhear Finn"; the province ofConnaught to Un andEadan; 
and the province of Leinster to Crimhtliaun Sciathbhel'^ of the Damnonians. 



Book of Ballymote, fol. 193), it is stated that 
there were many mounds at this place, in which 
Emhear, Ever, or Heber, and the other chieftains 
slain in the battle, were interred. The name 
Tochar-eter-da-mhagh, denotes the tnijlier or 
causeway between the two plains, and the name 
is partly still preserved in that of the townlaud 
of 6aile an cocaip, aiiglice Ballintogher, i. e. 
the Town of the Causeway, in the parish and 
barony of Geshill, and near the village of the 
same name. The territory of the two plains, 
in Irish, Cuar oa rhaij^, and anglicised Teth- 
moy, was the name of a considerable territory 
in the ancient Offiilly, comprising the baronies 
of Warrenstown and Coolestown, in the east of 
the King's County, as appears from an old map 
of Leix and Ophaly, preserved in the British 
Museum. 

'■ Assumed the sovereignti/ : i. e. became sole 
monarch of Ireland. 

'^£?«/icari^m?i.- generally anglicised HeberFinn. 
The inhabitants of the south of Ireland are con- 
stantly designated by the appellation of Slot 



©imip, or SlioccGiBip, by the Irish poets down 
to the present century. Giraldus is evidently 
wrong in stating that Heberus possessed the 
northern portion of Ireland. 

'' Crimhthann Sdathbhd. — He was of the Fir- 
bolgic colon}'. Keating, in his Hidorii of Ireland, 
and the O'Clerys, in their Leabhar- Gabhala, 
give an account of the arrival of the Cruithnigli 
or Picts in Ireland, at this time, and of their final 
settlement in Alba or Scotland, having received 
from Eremlion, or Ileremon, the widows of the 
]\[ilesian chieftains who had been drowned on the 
expedition from Spain. — See Keating's History of 
Ireland ; O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii, c. 18 ; 
O'Halloran, vol. ii. c. 4; and the Irish translation 
of Neunius's Historia Britonum, in which Doctor 
Todd has inserted the various accounts of the 
arrival of the Picts in Ireland. It is stated in 
the Irish accounts, that the Picts, on this occa- 
sion, pledged themselves solemnly that, should 
they become masters of that country they were 
about to invade, the sovereignty thereof should 
be ever after vested in the descendants of tlie 



30 



aNNQf-a Rioshachca eiReawM. 



[3503. 



Cea, ingfn Linjbeac, mic Idie, cug ejifmon ipn eppdin cap cfnD 06ba, 
ay i an Uea y^o conaiccfpcoip 50 hejifmon culoij cojaiDe ina cionpccpa 
cecip maijean ipaegbao, gomab mnre no hannaicn, -\ no coccaibce a mup 1 
a li^e, -] 50 ma6 ano no bmb jac piojopoan no ^finpioD Dia pi'ol 50 bpar. 
Qf lao na pafa conDojaib aipe im a comall Di, Ctirrnpjin ^luinjeal -| 
Grheap pionn. IpeaD mporh 60 paegipi Dpiiim Caoin .1. Ueamuip. Qp uaire 
pdiceap, -| ap innce po babnachc. 

06ba ona maraip TTIuiThne, -\ Luijne, 1 Laijne Decc 50 po haonachc 1 
nOoba. 

Cach Cuile Caicbip, 1 copcaip Caiceap Id liQirhipjin n^luinjeal an 
blianoinpi, ~\ pocpfp a pfpr ipin maijin pin conaD uaba do japap Cuil 
Caicbip. 

Qoip Domain, r]ii mile ciiicc cfo a cpi. Qn oapa bliabain do pije Gpf- 
rhoin op Gpmn. Qirhipjin ^Iningeal mac TTlileaD do ciiicim In ccar bile 
cinfo an bliaoainpi la bGpeamon. UomaiDni naoi mbpopnac .1. aibne nGle, 



female rather than the male line See also 

Bede's Hist. Eccl. lib. i. c. 1. 

' In preference to Odhbha. — It is stated in the 
Book ofLecan, and in the Leabhar-Gabhala oi 
the O'Clerys, that Heremon, who was otherwise 
called Geide Ollgothach, had put away his lawful 
wife, Odhbha, the mother of his elder children, 
Muimhne, Luighne, and Laighne, and married 
'J 'ea, the daughter of Lughaidh mac Itha, from 
whom Tara was named Tea- mur, i.e. the mound 
of Tea ; that Odhbha followed her children to 
Ireland, and died of grief from being repudiated 
by her husband, and was interred at Odhbha, 
in Meath, where her children raised a mound to 
her memory See note ', infra. 

^ Dower: cinnpcpa. — The cinni'cpa was a re- 
ward always given by the husband to the wife, 
at their marriage, a custom which prevailed 
among the Jews, and is still observed by the 
'J'urks and other eastern nations. — See Genealo- 
gies, Tribes, and Customs of Ily-Fiachrach, p. 207, 
note '. 

' Druim-Caoin: i. e. tlie Hill of Caen, a man's 



name. It was the name of Tara Hill among the 

Firbolgs See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill, 

p. 108. 

'' From her it was called: i. e. from her it was 
called Teamhair. This story is told somewhat 
better in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" But first, before they landed on this land. 
Tea, the daughter of Louthus, that was wife 
of Heremon, desired one request of her said 
husband and kinsmen, which they accordingly 
granted, which was, that the place she should 
most like of in the kingdom should be, for ever 
after, called by her name; and that the place so 
called should be ever after the principal seat of 
her posterity to dwell in ; and upon their land- 
ing she chose Ley trymm" [Ciar-opuim], "which 
is, since that time, called Taragh, where the 
King's pallace stood for many hundred years 
ai'ter, and which she caused to be called Tea- 
mur. Mur, in Irish, is a town or pallace in 
English, and being joyned to Tea, maketb it to 
be the house, pallace, or town of Tea." 



3503.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



31 



Tea, daughter of Lughaidh, son of Ith, whom Eremhon married in Spain, to 
the repudiation of Odlibha", was the Tea who requested of Eremhon a choice 
hill, as her dower', in whatever place she should select it, that she might be 
interred therein, and that her mound and her gravestone might be tliereon 
raised, and where every prince ever to be born of lier race should dwell. Tiie 
guarantees who undertook to execute this for her were Amhergin Gluingeal 
and Emhear Finn. The hill she selected was Druim-Caein^, i. e. Teamhair. It 
is fi'om her it was called", and in it was she interred. 

Odhblia, the mother of Muimhne, Luighne, and Laighne, died, and was 
interred at Odhbha'. 

The battle of Cuil Caichir', in which Caicher was slain by Amergin Gluin- 
geal, [was fought] this year ; and his grave was dug in that place, so that from 
him Cuil Caichir was named. 

The Age of the World, 3503. The second year of the reign of Eremhon 
over Ireland. Amhergin Gluingeal, son of MiUdh, fell in the battle of Bile- 
tineadh'' this year by Eremhon. The eruption of the nine Brosnaclis', i. e. rivers 



This derivation is, however, evidently legen- 
dary, for Ceariiaiji was very common in Ireland 
as a woman's name, and it was applied to more 
hills than Teamhair, in Meath : as Teamhair 
Luachra, in Kerry, and Teamhair Bhrogha-Niadh, 
in Leinster. In Cormac's Glossary it is stated, 
that the reamaip of a house means a grianan, 
i.e. a bower, boudoir, or balcony, and that ceaiii- 
aip of the country means a hill commanding a 
pleasant prospect. That this is evidently the 
true meaning of the term is further manifest 
from the use of it in old Irish writings, as in 
the following passage in an Irish tract describ- 
ing the Siege of Troy, in H. 2, 15, "t)o ponub 
Dna cpeb cam cumbacca -\ popao leip pop 
Ceariiaip ■) oinjjna nu cacpac &o ouUuc -| 
D'poipDecpin -] 00 Diubpacao." " Then was 
erected a fine, protecting house, and a look-out 
tower upon the teamhair and digna of the city, 
to reconnoitre, view, and discharge [weapons]." 

' Odhblia — This was the name of a mound on 



the summit of a hill giving name to a territory 
in the ancient Meath, which is mentioned in 
O'Dugan's topographical poem as the lordship 
of O'h-Aedha, a name now usually anglicised 
Hughes — See it mentioned at A. D. 890 and 
1016. The name, which would be anglicised 
Ovey, is now obsolete. There is anotlier place 
of this name in Partry-of-the-mountain, ou the 
west side of Lough Mask, in the county of Mayo, 
generally called Odhbha-Ceara, and anglicised 
Ballovey. 

J Cidl-Cakhir : i. e. Caicher's corner, or angle, 
nuw unknown. 

^Bile-tineadh: i. e. the ancient Tree of tlie Fire. 
This is said to be in Cula-Breagh, and is the place 
now called Coill a' Bhile, anglice Billywood, in 
the parish of Moynalty, barony of Lower Kells, 
and county Meath. 

' Nine Brosnachs. — There are only two rivers 
of this name at present. The other seven were 
only small tributary streams to these. 



32 



aMNaf,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3504. 



naoi Rije .1. aibne Laisfn, -| ceopa nUinpionn Ua nOilioUa ifin blia6ain 
cfona. 

Qoiy Domain, c|ii rrnle cuicc cfo a pe. Qn cnijeaD blmDain Do pije 
Gpfitioin. pulman -] TTIannran Do ruicim lap an pij 1 each bjieojain i 
bperhean,-] romaiDin na loch po in bliabain cfona. Loc Cimbe, Loc buaDoi^, 
Loch baaD, Loc Rer, Loc pionnmaije, Loc ^peine, Loc Riach, Loch Da 
Caoch 1 Lni^nib, -] Loc Laoj ino Ulcoib. 

Ctoip Domain, rpi mile ciiic cfo a ofich. Qn naorhaD bliabain Do jiije 
G|ifiTioin DO cfji Un, 6n, -] GaDan laip 1 ccac Compaipe 1 ITIiDe. Uomaibm 
Gichi e 1 nUiV) Nell, na cfopa Socc 1 ConnachraiB, -| Ppegabail ecip Dal 
nQpaiDe "] Oal Ric(Da an bliabainpi. Qibne laopme. 



" Nine Ri<jlies. — There are only four rivers 
of this nanae in Leinster at present ; one near 
Callan, in the county of Kilkenny ; the second 
flowing between the counties of Kildare and 
Meath, and paying its tribute to the Liifey, near 
Lucan; and the third in the county of Wicklow, 
and uniting with the Liffey near Blessington; 
and the fourth in the north-west of the Queen's 
County. 

° Tlivec Uin.sionns — Ui-Oilio!la, or Tir-Oili- 
oUa, is the barony of Tirerrill, in the county of 
Sligo ; but there is no river now bearing the 
name of Uinsionn in this barony. 

° Breoghan in Feimhin. — Feimhin was the 
name of a level plain in the south-east of the 
now county of Tipperary, comprised in the pre- 
sent baronies of IfFa and Ofla East ; but the 
name Breoghan is now obsolete. 

'' Loch Cimhe : more usually written Loch 
Cime, now Lough Hackett, in the barony of 
Clare, and county of Galway. — See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, part iii. c. 17, and part iii. c. 79, where 
the same lake is called Loch Scalga; but this is 
a mistake, for Loch Sealga is near Carn-Fraoich, 
not far from Tulsk, in the county of Roscommon. 
'* Loch Biiadhciir/h : i. e. the lake of the victo- 
rious man. Not identified. 

■■ Loch Baadh- — Now Lough Bauh, near Cas- 



tle Plunkett, in the county of Roscommon. 
Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, resided near 
this lake before he succeeded to his father's 
estate. 

° Loch Men. — This name still exists, and is 
applied to a small lake near Fenagh, in the 
plain of Magh Ivein, in the county of Leitrim. 
It is situated on the northern boundary of the 
townland of Fenaghbeg. 

' Loch Finnmhaighe. — This name is preserved 
on the Down Survey, as Lough Fenvoy. It is 
situated in the barony of Carrigallen, and county 

of Leitrim, and is now called Garadice Lough 

See note ', under the year 1 257, and note ', imder 
1386. 

" Loch Greine: i. e. the Lake of Grian (a wo- 
man's name), now Lough Graney, in the north 

of the county of Clare See map to Tribes and 

Customs of TIy-3Iamj. 

" Loch Eiach Now Lough Eeagh, near the 

town of the same name in the county of Galway. 

^ Ijoch Da Chaech This was the ancient 

name of Watc^rford harbour between Leinster 
and Munster. 

^ Loch I^aegh This is translated " lacus vi- 

tuli," by Adamnan. The position of this lough 
is determined by the ancient ecclesiastical Irish 
writers, who place the church of Cill Kiiaidh, 



3506.] 



ANNALS OF THJ: KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



33 



of Eile; of the nine Righes™, i. e. rivers of Leiiisler; and of the three Uinsionns" 
of Hy-OiHolla. 

The Age of the Workl, 3506. The fifth year of the reign of Eremon. 
Fulraan and Mantan fell by the king in the battle of Breogan, in Feimhin°; and 
the eruption of the following lakes [took place] in the same year : Loch Cimbe'', 
Loch Buadhaigh", Loch Baadh', Loch Ren', Loch Finnmhaighe', Loch Greine", 
Loch Riacir, Loch Da-Chaech", in Leinster, and Loch Laegh^ in Ulster. 

The Age of the World, 3510. The ninth year of the reign of Eremon, 
Un, En, and Edan, fell by him in the battle of Comhraire'', in Meatli. Tlie 
eruption of Eithne, in Ui-NeilP ; of the three Socs", in Connaught ; and of the 
FregabhaiF, between Dal-Araidhe and Dal-Riada, this year. These are rivers. 



now Kilroot, on its brink. It is now called 
Belfast Lough, close upon the margin of which 
some remains of this church are still to be 
seen. 

' Comhraire. — There was a church erected at 
this place by St. Colman mac Fintain (the bro- 
ther of St. Fursa of Peronne), whose festival 
was celebrated here on the 25th of September. 
The place is now called in Irish CiU Conipaipe, 
which is anglicised Kilcomreragh. It is situated 
near the hill of Uisneach, in the barony of Moy- 

cashel, and county of Westmeath See the Fei- 

lire Aengiiis, at 16th November; the Irish Calen- 
dar of O'Clery, at 25th September; and Colgan's 
Ada Sanctorum, p. 95, col. 2. 

'^ Eithne, in Ui-Neill. — Now the Kiver Inny, 
which discharges itself into Lough Eee, to the 
south-west of Ballymahon, in the county of West- 
meath. By the name Ui-Neill is meant terra 
Nepotum Neill, the ancient Meath having been 
so called in later ages, because it was divided 
among the sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
and possessed by their descendants till the Eng- 
lish Invasion. It would have been more cor- 
rect to call this territory " Midhe," at this early 
period. The River Eithne was originally called 
Glaisi-Bearamain, and is said to have derived 
its present name from Eithne, daughter of King 



Eochaidh Feidhleach, and wife of Conchobhar 
Mac Nessa, King of Ulster in the first century. 
— See the Book of Lecan, fol. 1 75, a. b. This 
river formed the boundary between North and 

South Tetiia in St. Patrick's time See Ogygia, 

part iii. c. 85. 

*' The three Socs. — Michael Brennan, in his Irish 
poem on the River Shannon, states that the three 
Sucks of Connaught are the rivers still called the 
Suck and its tributaries, theSheffin and the River 

of Cloubrock, in the county of Galway See 

note ", under A. D. 1263, where the course of the 
main branch of the Ceopa Suca is described. 

° Freghabhail Now the Ravel Water, which 

rises in a small lake called Aganamunican, on 
the mountain of Slieveanee, in the parish of Du- 
naghy, in the county of Antrim, and, flowing 
through the valley of Glenravel, to which it 
gives name, joins the Dungonnell River near 
the old burial ground of Deschart, whence 
their united waters flow in a south-east course 
until they fall into the Maine Water, near Glary 
ford. — See Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, 
Connor, and Dromore, by the Rev. William 
Reeves, M. B., M. R. I. A., pp. 334, 335. The 
territory of Dal-Araidhe extended from Newry 
to this river ; and that of Dal-Riada comprised 
the remainder of the county of Antrim. 



34 awNa^a Rio^hachca eiT?eaNN. [3517. 

Qoip Oomain, cpi riifle cuicc cfo a pe oecc. Qn cuicceab bliabain Decc 
DGiiearhon i ynje, "] a ecc a poi]iceann na jiee pm 1 l?dic beocaij op Goip 1 
nQpjac r?opp. 

Qoip Domoin, r|if rhi'le cuicc cfo a pfchc oecc. Qn cfo bliaboin Do 
niuirhne, Do Linjne, -| oo Laijjne, clann 6iifitioin i ccoiifipije op G|iinn. 

Qoip Domain, cjif mfle cuicc cfo a naoi Decc. 1 ppoipcfnn na rcpi 
mbliaban po acbach TTluirhne 1 cCpuachain, Luijline -] Lai5ne ropcparop hi 
ccacb Q]iDa LaDpann la macaib Grhip. 

Gp, Opba, peapon, ■] pepjen cfirpe meic Gmep IfirbliaDain Doib. Qp 
hf a leirbbabainpi -| leirbbaboin Niiaoaicc Neachc bo ni bbabain comlan,-] 
ay ag an pi^ Niiaoa Neachc aipimrip i 1 naoip borhain. r^opcpacop an clanb 
pin Grhip la hlpial pdib, mac nGpfmom, 1 ccar Cuile TTldpra lap bpopbab na 
Ifirbliabna peitipdice. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile cuicc cfo pice anaoi. Q bpoipcfno an bfcmab 
bliabain po Ipiaiipdib mic Gpfrhoin hi pije, puaip bdp 1 TTlai^ TTIuaibe. Qp 
lap an Ijnal pPaib po po cuipic na caca po. Car Cuile TTlapra, Car Qpba 
Inmaoirh hi Uearhba i ccopcaip Scipne mac Ouib mic porhoip, car Ufn- 
maije i ccopcaip Gocha Gachceann pi porhoipe, ■] Car Cocmaije 1 ccopcaip 
Cuj l?ocb, mac TTlopeiTiip, opfpoib 60I5. Qp 1 naimpip an Ipeoil cfbna 
plfccab na niaj, cogbail na pdch, -] cobpuccab na naibneab po. Qciab na 
mai^e, Tllagh Sele i nUib Nell, TTlajh nGle la Laijniu, Ulajh Rechfc, ITlagh 
Sanaip i Connachcaib, TTiajh Cechc la liUib mac Uaip, ITlajh paicne la 

'^Argat-Ross. — Seenoteunder A.M. 3501, 52<;>. Muaidhe, now Knockmoy, six miles south-east 

^Ard-Ladhrann. — See note ^, A. M. 2242, stip. of Tuam, in the county of Galway, which is 

' Fergen Called Feorgna in Mageoghegan's probably the place alluded to in the text. — See 

Annals of Clonmacnoise, in Keating's History of Tribes and Customs of Ihj-Many, p. 6. 

Ireland, and most of the genealogical accounts '' Ard-Inmhaoith. — Would be anglicised Ard- 

of the race of Heber-Finu. i"vy. but the name is obsolete. 

' Irial Faidh. — Called " Irialus Vates" by ^ Tenmaoith — This plain is referred to as in 

Dr. Lynch and O'Flaherty, and "Iriell the Pro- Connaught, under A. M. 3549, but the name is 

pliet," by ConncU Mageoghegan. now unknown. 

I' Cuil-Marta.— Not identified. It is called "■ Lochmaghe. — This is probably Loughma, 

Cuilmartra by O'Flaherty. near 'J'hurles, in the county of Tipperary — See 

Magh Muaidhe. — This may be the jjlain of Luachmagh, A. D. 1598. 

the River Moy, flowing between the counties of ° Magh-Sele in Ui-Neill: i. e. the Plain of the 

Mayo and Sligo, in Connaught; but the name Kiver Sele, in the country of the southern Ui- 

was also applied to a plain near the hill of Cnoc Neill, that is, Meath. The River Sele, which 



3516] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 35 

The Age of the World, 3516. The fifteenth year of the reign of Eremhon; 
he died at the end of this period at Rath-Beothaigli over the Eoir, in Argat-Eoss". 

The Age of the World, 3517. The flrstyear of the joint reign of Muiinhne, 
Luighne, and Laighne, sons of Eremon, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3519. At the end of these three years Muimhne 
died at Cruachain. Lviighne and Laighne fell in the battle of Ard-Ladhron'' by 
the sons of Emhear. 

Er, Orba, Fearon, and Fergen^ the four sons of Emer, reigned half a year. 
This half year and the half year of Nuadhat Neacht make a full year ; and to 
Nuadhat Neacht it is reckoned in the age of the world. These sons of Emer 
were slain by Irial Faidh^, son of Eremon, in the battle of Cuil-Marta", at the 
end of the half year aforesaid. 

The Age of the World, 3520. At the end of this, the tenth year of the 
reign of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, he died at Magh-Muaidhe'. It was by 
this Irial Faidh the following battles were fought : the battle of Cuil-marta ; 
the battle of Ard-Inmaoith", in Teathbha, in which fell Stirne, son of Dubh, son 
of Fomhor ; the battle of Tenmaighe', in which fell Eocha Echcheann, king of 
the Fomorians ; the battle of Lochmaighe", in which fell Lughroth, son of 
Mofemis of the Firbolgs. It was in the time of the same Irial that the clearing 
of the plains, the erection of the forts, and the eruption of the rivers following, 
took place. These are the plains : Magh-Sele, in Ui-Neill"; Magh nEle°, in 
Leinster ; Magh-Reicheat"; Magh-Sanais'', in Connaught ; Magh-Techt, in Ui- 

gave name to this place, is now called the Black- having been the residence of Finn Mac Cunihail 

■water. It rises in Lough Ramor, near Virginia, in the third century, and of Colonel Grace in 

in the county of Cavan, and, flowing through the seventeenth — See note", under A. D. 1475, 

thebarony of Upper Kells, by Tailten, in Meath, and note ™, iinder A. D. 1418. 
pays its tribute to the Boyne at Biihh-chomar, " Mcujh-Reicheat. — Keating adds that this plain 

now the town of Navan. This river is dis- is in Laoighis, i. e. Leix, in the present Queen's 

tinctly mentioned as near Taltenia, in the Tri- County; but in the Preface to the i^e27«V«-^fn(/«is 

partite Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. c. 4, apud it is mentioned as a plain in Ui-railghe(Offaly), 

Colgan, Trias Thaum, p. 129; and Colgan ob- containing the church of Cuil-Beannchair, now 

serves, in a note, p. 173, that it was, in his own Coolbanagher, aZwts Whitechurch. It is now 

time, called Abha-dhubh. called, in English, Morett, and is a manor in 

° Magh-n-Ek in Leinster Now Moyelly, a the barony of Portnahinch, adjoining the Great 

townland in the parish of Kilmanaghan, barony Heath of Maryborough, in the Queen's county, 
of Kilcoursey, and King's County, famous as '' Magh-Sanais — Not identified. 

f2 



36 



aNwata Rio^hachca eiReaNH. 



[3530. 



liQi]irf|ia, ITlash nOaiiibpfc i porapcaib Oaipbpeac, TTlagh Luji^na i cCmn- 
nacca, TTiaj nlnip la hUlcoib, TTlaj Chuile pfoa i pfiinmaij, lllaj coiiiaip, 
TTlag TTiibe, TTla^ Coba, TTIaj Cuma Id hUib Nell, TTlaj pfpnrhai^e la 
hOip5iallaib, -] Vf]af; Rmcca. Ctciao na jiaclia, Rach Cpoich i TTloi^inip, 
l?af Cuincfoba 1 Serime, Racli bacain i Larajina, Rach LochaiD i n^lap- 
capn, Rarli ^laipe cuilg, Da ngoipfeap Rac Ciombaoic ino Garhain, T?dr 
TTlorhaish -| r?ac buipj i Slechrrhoij. Na baibne, Siuip, peil, G'pcpe Id 
TTIurhain, na rpf pionna, "] na cpi CoimDe. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo rpiocac. Qn cfo bliabain Do pije Grpel, 
mac Ipeoil pdi6, op Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo cfrpacac anaoi. Qn picfcmab blioDain 
oGrpel, mac Ipeoil pdiD, mic Gpfrhoin, i pije 50 ccopcaip Id Conrhaol mac 



' Magk-iecht, in Ui-Mac-Uais Unknown. 

Ui-Mac Mais is believed to be the barony of 
Moygoish, in the county of Westmeatli. — See 
OTlaherty's Ogi/ffia, part iii. 76. 

^ Mafjh-Faithne, in Airthera Called TTlaj 

poirin ip na h-uipraptiiB by Keating, which is 
incorrect. IMagh-Faithne is obsolete. Arthera is 
the Irish name of the baronies of Orior, in the 
county of Armagh. 

' Magh-Dm-hhreach : i. e. the Plain of the 
Oaks. This plain is situated at the foot of the 
liill of Croghan, in the north of the King's 
County. The territory of Fotharta Dairbh- 
reach is referred to, in the old Irish authorities, 
as adjoining this hill, which was anciently called 
Bri-Eile. — See Ogi/gin, part iii. c. 64. 

" Magh-Luglina. — Keating calls this Magh 
Luinge. We arc not told in which of the dis- 
tricts called Cianachta it was situated. 

" Magli.-inis : i. e. the insular plain. This 
was the ancient name of the barony of Lecale, 

in the county of Down See Tripartite Life of 

St. Patrick in Triaa Tliaum, part iii. c. GO, and 
Colgan's note, p. 185 : '■'■ Magh-inis hodie Letli- 
cathuil appellatur, in qua et ciuitas Dunensis 
et Saballum iacent." 

'Alagh- Cuile-feadha, in Fearnmhagh. — Fearnni- 



hagh, i. e. the Alder Plain, is the Irish name of 
the barony of Farney, in the county of Monaghan. 
Magh-Cuile-feadha, i. e. the Plain of the Corner 
or Angle of the Wood, was probably the ancient 
name of the district around Loughfea, in this 
barony. 

" Magh-Comair: i.e. the Plain of the Con- 
fluence. Keating places this in Ui-Neill, i. e. 
in Meath. It is was probably the plain around 
Cummer, near Clonard, in Meath. There is 
another Magh-Coraair, now anglice Muckamore, 
near the town of Antrim, in the county of An- 
trim. 

' Magh-Midhe. — This is placed in Cianachta 
by Keating. 

" Magh-Cohha. — This is placed in Ui-Eathach, 

i. e. Iveagh, in Ulster, by Keating See note ", 

under A. D. 1252. 

'' Magh-Cnma, in Ui-Neill. — Unknown. 

' Magh-Fearnmhaighc : now Farney, a barony 
in the south of the county of Monaghan. 

^ Magh-Riada This was the ancient name 

of a plain in Laoighis, or Leix, in the present 
(Queen's County, and contained the forts of 
Lec-Reda and Kath-Bacain, where the chiefs of 
Laoighis resided, and the church called Donih- 
nach-mor. — See the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 



3530.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



37 



Mac-Uais''; Magh-Faithne, in Airtlieara*; Magh-Dairbhreach', in Fotharta Daii'- 
bhreach ; Magli-Luglina", in Cianachta ; Magli-inis", in Uladli ; Magh-Ciiilc- 
feadha, in Fearnmliagli"; Magh-Coniair'' ; Magh-Midhe^; Magli-Cobha"; Magli- 
Cuma, in Ui-Neill'' ; Magh-Fearnmhaiglle^ in Oirghialla ; and Magh-Riada". 
These are the forts : Rath-Croich, in Magh-inis"; Rath-Cuinceadha, in Seimhnc* ; 
Rath-Bacain, inLatharna^; Rath-Lochaid, at Glascharn" ; Rath-glaisicuilg, which 
is called Rath-Ciombaoith', at Earahain ; Rath-Mothaigh" ; Rath-Buirg, in 
Sleachtrahagh'. The rivers were the Siuir", Feil", Ercre°, in Munster; the tliree 
Finns'"; and the three Coimdes''. 

The Age of the World, 3530. This was the flrst year of the reign of 
Eithrial, son of Trial Faidh, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3549. The twentieth year of the reign of Eithrial, 
son of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, when he fell by Conmhael, son of Emer, in 



trick in Trias Tliaum., p. 155. 

^ Jiath- Crotch, in Maijh-inis : i. e. in the ba- 
rony of Lecale, in the county of Down. Not 
identified. 

' Rath- Cuincheadha in Seimhne Island-Magee, 

in the county of Antrim, was anciently called 
Kinn-Seimhne, and this fort was probably on it, 
but the name is obsolete. 

' Rath-iacain, in Latharna : i. e. in Larne, 
a territory, in the covinty of Antrim, now in- 
cluded in the barony of Upper Glenarm. The 
name of this fort is obsolete. 

'' Rath-Lochaid, at Glascharn Both names 

unknown. 

' Rath-Cimbaoith This was the name of one 

of the forts at Emania, or the Navan, near Ar- 
magh. There was another fort of the name in 
the plain of Seimhne, near Island-Magee, in the 
present county of Antrim. 

'' Rath-Mothaigh Now Raith-Mothaigh, an- 

glice Ryemoghy, in a parish of the same name, 
in the barony of Raplioe and covinty of Donegal ; 
and there can be little doubt that Sleachtmhagh 
was the name of a plain in this parish. 

' Rath-Buirg, in Sleachtmhagh Called Rath- 



Buirech by Keating. Not identified. 

™ The Siiiir. — Now anglice " The Suir," which 
rises in Sliabh Aldiuin, or the Devil's Bit Moun- 
tain, in the barony of Ikerrin, and county of 
Tipperary, and, flowing by or through Thurles, 
Holycross, Golden Bridge, and Cahir, Ardfinan, 
and Carrick-on-Suir, and Waterford, finally 
unites with the Barrow, at Comar-na na dtri n- 
Uisceadh, about a mile below Waterford. 

° Feil. — There is a river of this name in the 
county of Kerry, giving name to the village 
of Abbeyfeale, by which it passes ; but it is 
quite evident, from the Lcahliar-Gahhala of the 
O'Clerys, that the river Corrane, which flows 
from Loch Luighdheach, alias Corrane Lougli, 
in the barony of Iveragh, in tlie west of the same 
county, was also originally called " Abhainn- 
Feile," and that is the river here alluded to. 

" Ercre Now unknown. 

'' The three Finns. — The River Finn, flowing 
through the barony of Raphoe, in the county of 
Donegal, was the principal one of these. The 
other two were probably tributary streams 
to it. 

'' The three Coimdes. — Not identified. 



38 awMaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. [3550. 

6rhiji I ccac Raipfno. Ip 1 pemfp an Grpeoil pi po plechcairc na maisVie p, 
Ueanmash Id Connachroib, TTlagli LuT^a6 Id Luijijne, TTlajh mbealaij Id 
hUib cUuiiicjie, TTlaj^eipille Id hUib bpailje, TTlajh Ochcai|i la Laijniu, 
Locmnjh Id Conaille,"] TTlag l?or Id bUib Gachbach. 

Qoip Domain, c|ii' rhfle 01115 '■^^^ caoga. Qn ceo bliaDain do pije Conmaoil, 
mac Girhiii, op Gpinn innpin. Ceo Pi Gpearin a miimoin epibe. 

Qoip Dorham, cpf mile cuij ceD peaccmojac anaoi. lap mbeic oech 
mbliaona picfc DoConmaol, macGmip, 1 pije nGpeann ropcaip 1 ccarQonai^ 
TTlacha Id Uijfpnmup mac pollaish. Conmaol cpa ay laip Do cuipfb na 
cara po, car ^eipille, 1 ccopcaip palap mac Gpearhoin, car beppe, car 
Slebe bCra la liUib Cperhrainn, car Uclia, carCniicha, car Slebe TTlobaipn 
1 ccopcaip Sempocli mac Inboirh, each Clepe, cac Capn moip 1 ccopcaip 
Ollac, car Locha Lfin pop Gapna, TTIaipcine,"! pop TTIoD Puic, mac ITIopebip, 
Dpfpoib 60I5, cac Gle. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mfle C1115 cfo occmojac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do pije 
Uijfpnmaip mic pollai^ op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, rpf mile cfo occmojac a haon. Qn Dapa bliabain 00 pije 
Cijfpnmaip, romaibm na naoi loch po. Loch nUaip 1 TUiDe, Loch nlaipn, 

' Raeire. — Genit. Eaeireann. O'Flaherty says '' Lochnihagh, in Conaille. — Keating places this 

that this is the name of a hill in Hy&lgia, but in Connaught. 

does not tell us its exact situation. It is the ^ Magli-roth. — CaUed by Keating Magli-rath. 

place now called Raeipe mop, in the territory This was the name of a plain in the present 

of Iregan, or barony of Tinnahinch, in the county of Down, the position of which is deter- 

Queen's County, which was a part of the ancient mined by the village of Moira. 

Ui-Failghe, or OfTaly. There is another place " Aenach-Macha This was another name for 

of the name in the territory of Ui-Muireadhaigh, Emania, or the Navan fort, near Armagh. Keat- 

near Athy, in the county of Kildare. ing says that Conmael was buried at the south 

' Teanmhagh. — Unknown. side of Aenach-Macha, at a place then called 

' Magh-Lmjliadh. — Unknown. Feart Conmhaoil. — Sec Ilalliday's edit, p. 320. 

" Magh-bealaigh, in Ui-TuiHre : i. c. plain of '' Geisill Now Gcshil, in the King's County. 

the road or pass. Ui-Tuirtrc was the name of ° Berra. — This is probably Bearhaven, in the 

a tribe and territory in the present county of south-west of the county of Cork. 

Antrim, but the name of the plain is unkn(j\vn. '' Sliahli-Bcathd. — There is no Sliabh Beatha 

'"Magh-Geisillc: i.e. the plain of Geshill. 'I'liis in Ireland but that on the borders of the coun- 
was the ancient name of a plain included in the tics of Fermanagh and Monaghan, already men- 
present barony of Geshill, in the King's County. tioncd, note ', under A. M. 2242. 

' Magh-Oclitair, in Lcinster. — Unknown. ' Ucha. — Not identified. 



I 



3550.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 39 

the battle of Raeire^ It was in the reign of tliis Eithrial that these plains were 
cleared : Teanmagh', in Connaught ; Magli Lughadh', in Luighne ; Magh-Bea- 
laigh, in Ui-Tuirtre"; Magh-Geisille", in Ui-Failghe ; Magh-uchtair, in Leinster"; 
Lochmhagh, in Conaille" ; Magh-roth^, in Ui-Eathach. 

The Age of the World, 3550. This was the first year of tlie reign of 
Conraael, son of Emer, over Ireland. He was tlie first king of Ireland from 
Munster. 

The Age of the World, 3579. Conniael, son of Emer, having been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell, in the battle of Aenach-Macha% by 
Tighernmus, son of Follach. By Conmael had been fought these battles : the 
battle of Geisill", in which fell Palap, son of Eremon ; the battle of Berra"; the 
battle of Sliabh Beatha'', in Ui Creamhthainn ; the battle of Ucha'; the battle 
of Cnucha'^; the battle of Sliabh Modhairn^, in which fell Semroth, son of 
Inboith ; the battle of Clere"; the battle of Carnmor'', in Avhich fell Ollach ; 
the battle of Loch Lein", against the Ernai' and Martinei", and against Mogh 
Ruith, son of Mofebis of the Firbolgs ; the battle of Ele". 

The Age of the World, 3580. The first year of the reign of Tighernraas, 
son of FoUoch, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 358L The second year of the reign of Tighern- 
mas, the eruption of these nine lakes [occurred] : Loch Uair°, in Meath ; Loch 

f Cnucha. — This place is described as over the '' Loch-Lein. — The lakes at Killarney were 

River LiiFey, in Leinster. — See Keating in the originally so called. The name is now applied 

reign of Lughaidh Mac Con, and the Battle of to the upper lake only. 

Cnucha. It was probably the ancient name of 'Ernai. — A sept of the Firbolgs, seated in the 

Castleknock. present county of Kerry. 

^ Sliabh- Modhairn. — This was the ancient " Mmtinei. — A sept of the Firbolgs anciently 

name of a range of heights near Ballybay, in seated in the baronies of Coshlea and Small 

the barony of Cremorne, and county of Mo- County, in the county of Limerick, and in that 

naghan. The Mourne mountains, in the south of Clanwilliam, in the county of Tipperary 

of the county of Down, were originally called See Book of Lismore, fol. 176, a. a. where Emly 

Beanna Boirche, and had not received their pre- is referred to as in the very centre of this terri- 

sent name before the fourteenth century. tory. 

I" Clere — Not identified. It may be Cape Clear, ° Ele. — A territory in the south of the King's 

Co. Cork, or Clare Island, county Mayo. County. 

' Carn-mor. — This was probably Carn-mor ° Loch Uair. — These lakes are set down in a 

Sleibhe Beatha, for the situation of which see very irregular order by the Four Masters, 

note ^ A. M. 2242, p. 3, supra. Keating and O'Flaherty have given their names 



40 



QNNac'.a Rio^hachca eiReaMH. 



[3656. 



Loch Ce 1 Connaclicaib, Loch SaileanD, Loch nQillfiiD i cConnaccaib, Loch 
peabail, Loch ^abaiji, Diibloch ■] Loch Oaball i nOipjjiallaib. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo caoccac a pe. Qp i an bliaDain pi an 
]^eaccina6 bliaDoin Decc ayi cjiib pichcib Do Uigfiinmap na pij; op Gpinn. 
Qp laip po bpij'caD na cafa po pop pfol n6nnhip -| pop apaill Depfrincoib -) 
Deaccaipcenelaib oile cen mo cdcporh. QciaD po na cara lupin, each Glle 
1 copcaip Rocopb, mac ^"^''C*'". each Locmiiije i ccopchaip Dagaipne mac 
^uill, mic^ollain, each Ciila aipD i lTluij;inip, each Chuile Ppaochain, each 
lTlaif;e Uechc, each Commaip, each Cula Qcliguijic i Seihne, each Qipo 
Niaoh hi eConnachcaib, cac Caipn pfpaboig i co)ichoip pfjiaDac mac Ro- 
ehuipb, mic ^ollain, 6 paicfp Capn pfpaDaij, each CnamcoiUe hi Connach- 
caib, each Cmle peaDa, each Reabh, each CongnaiDe i Uuaic Gaba, each 
Cluana Ciiap, i Teachba, each Cluana TTluippcee, i mbpepne, Da each 
Chuile 1 nQpjac Rop, each Gle, cac beppe, Seachc ceaca aj Loch Lu^- 



in better succession. The Four Masters sliould 
have transcribed them in the following order : 
Loch Uair, Loch n-Iairn, Loch Saighleann, Loch 
Gabhair, and Dubh-loch, in Meath ; Loch Ce 
and Loch Ailleann, in Connaught ; and Loch 
Fcabliail and Loch Dabhall, in Ulster. Loch 
Uair is now corruptly called in Irish Loch Uail, 
anylice Lough Owel, and is situated near Mul- 
liiigar, in the county ofWestmcath. 

"" Loch n-Iuirn. — Now Lough Iron, situated on 
the western boundary of the barony of Corkaree, 
in the county of AVestmeath. 

■* Loch Ce in Connaught. — Now Lough Key, 
near Boyle, in the county of Roscommon. 

' Loch Saileann Now Loch Sheelin, on the 

borders of the counties of Cavan, Longford, and 
Meatb. 

^ Loch n-Ailleann. — Now Lough Allen, in the 
county of Leitrini; by some considered the true 
source of the Shannon. 

' Liicli Fcabhail — Now Lough Foyle, an arm 
of llie sea between the counties of Londonderry 
and Donegal. It is stated in the Dinnseanchus 
utid liv Keating, that this lough took its name 



from Febhal, son of Lodan, one of the Tuatha- 
De-Dananns. 

" Loch-Gahhair. — This lough is now dried up, 
but the place is still called Loch Gobhar, anglke 

Lagore or Logore See Cdig&n^s Acta Sanctorum, 

p. 422, n. 14, and Proceedings of the Royal Irinh 
Academy, vol. i. p. 424. 

'"Dubh-loch: the Black Lough. Keating places 
this lough in the territory of Ard-Cianachta, now 
the barony of Ferrard, in the county of Louth. 

' Loch-Dahhall, in Oirghialla. — This was the 
ancient name of a lake not far from the town of 
Armagh, but the name is obsolete. — See note ", 
on Cluain-Dabhail, under the year 1514. 

^Elle — Otherwise Elnc or Magh Elne, was the 
name of a district lying between the rivers Bann 
and Bush, in the present county of Antrim. 

' Lochiiiagh : i. e. Plain of the Lake; the situa- 
tion of this lake is uncertain. 

'^Cul-ard, in Magh-inis — In the barony of Le- 
eale, county of Down. 

'' Cuil-Fruechain: i. e. the Corner or Angle of 
the Bilberries; not identified. 

" JJagh-Teacht.—iii^ii A. M. 3529. 



36rj6.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



41 



n-Iairn''; Loch Ce*", in Connauglit ; Loch Saileann"^; Loch n-Ailleann', in Con- 
naught; Loch Feabhail'; Loch Gabhair"; Dubhloch"; and Loch Dabhall", in 
OirghiaUa. 

The Age of tlie World, 3656. This was the seventeenth year above tliree 
score of Tighearnmas, as king over Ireland. It was by him the following bat- 
tles were gained over the race of Emhear, and others of the Irish, and foreigners 
besides. These were the battles : the battle of Elle\ in which fell Rochorb, 
son of GoUan ; the battle of Lochmagh^, in which fell Dagairne, son of Goll, son 
of Gollan ; the battle of Cul-ard", in Magh-inis ; the battle of Ciiil Fraechan''; 
the battle of Magh-techt'; the battle of Commar*; the battle of Cvil-Athguirt', 
in Seimhne ; the battle of Ard-NiaiH/, in Connaught ; the battle of Carn- 
Fearadliaigh^, in which fell Fearadhach, son of Rochorb, son of Gollan, from 
whom Carn-Fearadhaigh is called ; the battle of Cnamh-choill", in Connaught; 
the battle of Cuil-Feadha'; the battle ofReabh"; the battle of Conguaidhe, in 
Tuath-Eabha' ; the battle of Cluain-Cuas™, in Teathbha ; the battle of Cluain- 
Muirsge", in Breifne ; the two battles of Ciiir, in Argat-Ross; the battle of Ele""; 
the battle of Berra""; seven battles at Loch Lughdhach''; two other battles at 



'' Commar Not identified. There are count- 
less places of the name in Ireland. 

' Cid-Athguirt, in Seimhne. — This was some- 
where near Island Magee, but the name is now 
obsolete. 

f Ard-Niadh : i. e. Hill of the Hero ; not 
identified. 

s Carn-Feradhaigh: i. e. Fearadhach's Carn or 
Sepulchral Heap. This is referred to in the 
Book of Lecan, fol. 204, as on the southern 
boundary of the territory of Cliu-Mail. It was 
probably the ancient name of Seefin, in the ba- 
rony of Coshlea, in the south of the county of 
Limerick. 

^ Gnamh-choill : i. e. Wood of the Bones. This 
was probably the ancient name of a wood in the 
district ofCuil-Cnamha, in the east of the barony 
of Tireragh, and county of Sligo. There were 
two other places of this name in Munster. 

' Cuil-feadha : i. e. Corner or Angle of the 
Wood. St. Columbkille foueht a battle at a 



place of this name, but it has not been identi- 
fied by any of our writers. 

■^ Reahh. — Unknown. 

1 Congnaidh, in Tuath-Eahha. — Tuath-Eabha 
is now called Machaire-Eabha, and is situated 
at the foot of Binbulbin, in the barony of Car- 
bery, and county of Sligo. 

" Cluan-cuas: i. e. the Plain of the Caves, now 
Cloncoose, in the barony of Granard, county of 
Longford. — See Inquisitions, Lagenia, Longford, 
i. Jao. I. 

° Cluain-Muirsge. — Not identified. 

°Cuil, in Argat-Ross. — Now Code, in the pa- 
rish of Kathbeagh, on the Nore. county Kilkenny. 

■' Eile Not identified. There are several 

places of the name in Ireland. 

*" Berre. — Probably Beare, in the county ot' 
Cork. 

' Loch Liighdach Now Loch Luigheach, or 

Corrane lough, in the barony of Iveragh, and 
county of Kerry. 



42 



aNwata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3657. 



bach, Da cac oili i nQpgao Rop, cpf cacha pop piopa bolj, car Cuile pobaip 
pop 6pna. 

Qp la Uijfpnmup Beop po bfpbao op ap rup i nGpinn, i poirpib Qipchip 
Lippe. Uchaoan cfpD opfpoib Ciialann poDup bf]ib Qp laip po curiiDaijic 
cuipn -| bpfrnappa oop -] Dapjac in riGpinn ap cup. Qp laip cujab puamnao 
pop eooijhib, copcaip, gopni, ") uaine. Qp na pfirhiup cobpuchcab cfopa 
noub aibnToh Gpeann, pubna, Uopann, "j Callann, a nanmanna. Q bpoipcfno 
na blmbna po acbailpiorh, 50 cfopaib cfrparhnaib pfp Ti6peann ime, 1 mopbail 
TTlaije Slechc, ipin mbpfipne, 05 aopab ooCpom Cpoacli, aipoiobal abapclia 
GpCnn eipibe, oi?)clie liSaitina 00 liponpab innpin. Qp do na pleaccanaib Do 
ponpac pip Gpionn im Ui^fpnmap bipuibe po liainmnijeab an ma^h. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile pe cfo caogacr a peachc. Qn cfo bliobam 
oGpinD gan pij lap rUijfpnmap innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo pfpccac a cpi. Qn peachrmab blioDom 
inDpin. baoi 6pe gon pfj ppf pe na pfcbc mbliaban pin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo peapccac a cfcaip. Qn ceao bliaDain 
DGochaib GuDjabacli na pi^ op Gpinn inDpin. Qp aipe acbfpap Gochaib 
GuDjabach ppip ap ap laip cuccab ilbpfchcpab gaca Daca 1 neDigib ap cup 



' Cuil-Fobhair — This was the name of a place 
in the district of Muintir-Fathaigh, otherwise 
called Dealbhna-Cuile-Fabhair, ou the east side 
of Lough Corrib, in the county of Galway. 

' Foithre-Airthir-Liffe. — Keating calls the 
place Fotharta-Oirer Life, but the true reading 
is Fotharta-Airthir-Life, i. e. the Territory of 
Fotharta, to the east of the River Life. For 
the situation of tlie seven Fothartas, see Ogygia, 
part iii. c. 64, and Duald Mac Firbis's genealogi- 
cal work (Marquis of Drogheda's copy, p. 139). 

" Feava-Cualaiui. — See A. M. 3501. 

"Goblets and brooches. — In Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, the 
following notices are given under the reign of 
Tighernmas : " lie was the first who caused 
standing cuppes to be made, the refining of 
gould and silver, and procured his Goldsmith 
(named Ugdcn). that dwelt near the Liffie, to 



make gold and silver pinns to put in men's and 
women's garments about their necks; and also 
he was the first that ever found" [i. e. invented] 
" the dyeing of" [parti-] " coloured clothes in 
Ireland." Keating says that Tighcarnmas was 
the first Irish king who established the custom 
of distinguishing the rank of his subjects by 
different colours in their dress, as one colour 
in the garment of a slave, two colours in the 
garment of a peasant, three in that of a soldier, 
four in that of a brughaidh or public victual- 
ler, five in that of the chieftain of a territory, 
and six in that of the ollav (chief professor) 
and in tliose of kings and Queens. Nearly the 
same account is given in the Book of Lecan, fol. 
2<)0, «, a; and in IL 2. 18, Trin. Coll. Dub.; 
which latter manuscript adds that all these 
colours were then used in the bishop's dress. 
The Four Masters ascribe the establishment of 



3657.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 43 

Argat-Ross ; three battles against the Firbolgs ; the battle of Cuil-Fobhair', 
against the Ernai. 

It was by Tighearnmas also that gold was first smelted in Ireland, in 
Foithre-Airthir-LifFe'. [It was] Uchadan, an artificer of the Feara-Cualann", 
that smelted it. It was by him that goblets and brooches" were first covered 
with gold and silver in Ireland. It was by him tliat clothes were dyed 
purple, blue, and green. It was in his reign the three black rivers of Ireland 
burst forth, Fubhna", Torann'', and Callann^, their names. At the end of this 
year he died, with the three-fourths of the men of Ireland about him, at the 
meeting of Magh-Slecht", in Breifne, at the worshipping of Crom Cruach, which 
was the chief idol of adoration in Ireland. This happened on the night of 
Samhain'' precisely. It was from the genuflections*^ which the men of Ireland 
made about Tighearnmas here that the plain was named. 

The Age of the World, 3657. This was the first year of Ireland without 
a king, after [the death of] Tighearnmas. 

The Age of the World, 3663. This was the seventh year. Ireland was 
without a king during the period of these seven years. 

The Age of the World, 3664. This was the first year of Eochaidh Ead- 
ghadhach, as king over Ireland. He was called Eochaidh Eadghadhach because 
it was by him the variety of colour was first put on clothes in Ireland, to dis- 

these colours to Eochaidli Eadghadhach. stood near a river called Gathard, and St. Pa- 

' Fubhna, now most j^robably the Una River, trick erected a church called Donihnachnior, 

in Tyrone SeeA. D. 1516. in the immediate vicinity of the place — See 

1 Torann. — Unknown. There is a Touro River Vita Tripart, lib. ii. c. 31. According to the 

near Youo-hal. Dinnsenchus, this was the principal idol of all 

» Callann. — Now the River Callan, in the the colonies that settled in Ireland from the 

county of Armagh. earliest period to the time of St. Patrick, and 

^ Magh-Skacht.— This is translated campus they were wont to offer to it the firstlings of 

excidii by Dr. O'Conor, but more correctly, animals, and other offerings — Sue Eerum Iliber- 

campus adorationis, by Colgan. — Trias Thaum., nicarum Scriptores, Prolegomena, part i. p. 22. 
p. 133. This was the name of a plain in the " Night of Samhain. — The eve of All-IIallows 

barony of TuUyhaw and county of Cavan. The is so called by the Irish at the present day. It 

village of Baile Meg-Shamhradhain, now Bally- is compounded of paiii, summer, and yum, 

magauran, and the island of Port, are men- end. 

tioned as situated in this plain.— See note on " Genuflections.— Dv. O'Conor translates this 

Baile-Mheg-Shamhradhain, under A. D. 1431. "propter excidium quod passi sunt viri Iliber- 

Crom Cruach, the chief idol of the Pagan Irish, nia; ;" but this is evidently erroneous. 

g2 



44 QHwaf-a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [3667. 

1 nGpinn, DeiDijiDeliujab onopa jac aoin ay a foach, ofa fpeal 50 huapal. 
Qp arhlaiD Din ]io oelij fcro|ipa, aenoar i nfooijib mojab, aoo i nfooijib 
amopp, a cpi 1 neooijliib oajlaocli "] oijcijfpnan, a cearaip 1 nfooijib bpujab, 
a CU15 I nfooijib cijeapnaD cuacli, a pe 1 neooijib ollaman, n pfchc 1 neooijib 
pfo^ 1 pfo5han 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo pfpccac a peachu. Qn cfrparhab bliaoain 
DGochaiD. hi bpoipcfnD an cfrpaniab bliabain Dia pije do pocaip Id Cfpmna 
mac 6bpic 1 ccarh T~eariipo. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile pe cfo peapccac a lioclir. Qn cfo bliabain Do 
Sobaipce 1 Do Cfpmna pionD, Da mac Gbpic, mic Giiiip, mic Ip, mic ITIileab, 
op 6pinn, "] po pannpctc eacoppa 1 ap Do, Sobaipce cuaich 1 nOim Sobaipce, 
-] Cfpmna reap 1 nOiin Cfpmna. Od ceDpi'j Gpeann do Sliocr Ip mopiDe. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile peaclic ccfo a peachc. Qp mbfir cfrpacliac 
bliabain do na piojhaib pi a ccorhplaiciup op Gpinn, do cheap Sobaipce la 
liGochain TTleanD Dpomoipib, -] Do pochaip Cfpmna la hGochaiD bpaobap- 
glap mac Coniiiaoil. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceD a liochr. Qn ceD bliabain oGochaib 
paobapglap, mac Conmail, mic Grhip, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile peachc cceo piche a peace, lap mbfir imoppo 
oGochaiD piche bliabain 1 pijije Gpeann copchaip Id piacha Labpainne 1 
ccach Capmain 1 nDioj^oil a arhap. QnaD anopo na cafa po ciiipiD -j na 
maijije po pleacraiD Id hGochaiD pPaobapglap. Cacli Ciiacpa Oeabab, 
each popaiD Da jopc, cacli Comaip cpi nuipcce, each Uiiamcj Opeacon i 
nUib bpuiin 6peippne, each Opoma Liacan. Qciacc na mai^e, ITlajh Smf- 

'^ JJiin-Sobhairce. — Now Dunseverick, near the Kiiigsborough's Sale Catalogue, where the fol- 

Giants' Causeway, in the north of the county of lowing notice of this place occurs : 

Antrim. — See A.M. 3501. " Places of note in this barony" [i.e. Courcie's] 

^Z)?<n-Cearm?za.' i. e. Ceannna's Dun, or Fort. "are, 1. Ringrone; 2. Castle-ni-park and Rin- 

Kcating (Ilaliday's edition, p. 125) says that corran, &c. ; 3. The Old Head of Kinsalc, a 

this was called Uun-Mhic-Padruig, in his own noted promontory anciently called Dun-Cennna, 

time. It was the name of an old fort situated or Down-Cermna, from Cearmna, King of half 

on the Old Head of Kinsale, a famous promun- Ireland, who, upon the division of the kingdome 

tory in the south of the county of Cork See between him and Sovarcy, came hither and 

O'Brien's /m/t/>!C</o«ary, mt'oce Dun-Cearmna; built his royal seat, and called it after his own 

and Carbriw Nntitia, a manuscript, written in name. Of later years it was called Down m" 

l(j8(i, which formed No. 591 of tlu' late Lord Tatriek." 



3G67-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 45 

tinguish the honour of each by his raiment, from the lowest to the higliest. Thus 
was the distinction made between them : one colour in the clothes of slaves ; 
two in the clothes of soldiers ; three in the clothes of goodly heroes, or young 
lords of territories ; six in the clothes of ollavs ; seven in the clothes of kings 
and queens. 

The Age of the World, 3667. The fourth year of Eochaidh. At the end 
of the fourth year of his reign, he fell by Cearmna, son of Ebric, in the battle 
of Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 3668. The first year of [the joint reign of] So- 
bhairce and Cearmna Finn, the two sons of Ebric, son of Emher, son of Ir, son 
of Milidh, over Ireland ; and they divided it between them into two parts : 
Sobhairce [resided] in the north, at Dun-Sobhairce"; and Cearmna in the south, 
at Dun-Cearmna^ These were the first kings of Ireland of the race of Ir. 

The Age of the World, 3707. After these kings had been forty years in 
the joint sovereignty of Ireland, Sobhairce was slain by Eochaidh Meann, of 
the Fomorians ; and Cearmna fell by Eochaidh Faebharghlas, son of Conmael. 

The Age of the World, 3708. The first year of Eochaidh Faebhar-ghlas, 
son of Conmael, son of Emhear, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3727. After Eochaidh had been twentyyears in the 
sovereign tj' of Ireland, he was slain by FiachaLabhrainne, in the battle of Carman 
[Wexford], in revenge of his father. These were the battles that were fought, and 
the plains that were cleared, by Eochaidh Faebharghlas : the battle of Luachair- 
Deadhadh''; the battle of Fosadh-da-ghort^; the battle of Comar-tri-nUisge" ; the 
battle of Tuaim-Drecon', in Ui-Briuin-Breifne ; the battle of Druim-Liathain". 
These are the plains : Magh-Smeathrach', in Ui-Failghe ; Magli-n-Aidlme™, 



' Luachair-Deadhadh — Now Sliabli-Luachra, on the borders of tlie counties of Cavan and 

an/flice Slieve Loiiglira, noar Castleisland, in the Fermanagh, 

county of Kerry. ^ Druim-Liathain. — This is probably intended 

^ Fosadh-da-ghori The Habitation of the for Druim-leathan, now Drumlahan, or Drum- 
two Fields. Not identified. lane, in the county of Cavan. 

■■ Comar-tri-nUisge: i.e. the Meeting of the 'Magh-Smeathrach Not identified. 

Three Waters, i. e. of the rivers Suir, Nore, and '^ Magh-n-Aidhne A level district in the 

Barrow, near Waterford. present county of Galway, all comprised in the 

' Tuaim-Drecon: i. e. the mount or tumulus diocese of Kilmacduagh. Keating reads Jlasrh- 

of Drecon, now Toomregan, near Ballyconnell, Laighne. 



46 



aNNQf-Q i^io^hacbca eiReawN. 



[3728. 



cpacVi Id hUib pPailje, TTlaj nQibne, TTlaj Cuipj i Connaclicaib, TTlagh 
Learhna, TTlajh nlniji, Tllagli pubna, -\ TTlagh na gabop Id liQiiijmllaib. 

Uoip Doriiam, rpi riii'le pfclir ccfo piche a hocbc. Ctn ceo blicmain do 
pije Piachac (,ab|iainne op Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceD caoccac a haon. Qn cfrparhab 
bliaDain picic po poipcfriD pije piachac Labpainne, -] Do cfp Id hGochaib 
TTIumo Don TTlumoin i ccar bealsaoam. Qp lap an bpiacha Cabpainne pi 
po bpipeaD na cara po. Cacli ^arlaije i ccopcaip TTlopebip mac 6ac- 
Dacli paobapjlaip, each paippje pop clomn Gmip, each Slebe prirhin, each 
ppi hGpnoib Dpfpoib 60I5 an bail 1 puil Loch Gpne. lap meabpam an caca 
poppa ap ann po meabaib an loch caippib, conab uaca ainmnijcep an loch 
.1. loch cap Gpnaib. Qp a pfirhiupan piachacfnna cobpuchcab na cceopa 
naibneab, pieapc, ITlano, "] Labpano, Dia po lil cm popctinm paippium. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pfcc cceo caogac a Do. Qn ceo bliabain do pfje 
Gachoac TTIumo, mac TTlopebip, op Gpinn inDpin. 

Qoip Domain, c]ii mile peachc cceo peachcmojijac a Do. bliabain ap 
pichic DGochaib 1 pije nGpeann, co ccopcaip la hQongup Olmucaba 1 ccac 
Cliach. 



° Magh-Luirg. — Now tlie plains of Boyle, in 
the county of Roscommon. 

" Magh-Lemnhna. — This plain was well known, 
and otherwise called Closach, in the time of 
Colgan, who describes it as " Eegio campestris 
Tironia; Diocesis Clocharensis vulgo iMag-Lemna 
aliis Clossach dicta." It is shewn on an old 
Map of Ulster, preserved in the State Papers' 
Office, London, as " the Countrie of Cormac 
Mac Barone" [O'Neill]. The fort of Augher 
and the village of Ballygawley are represented 
as in this district, the town of Clogher being 
on its western, and the church of Errigal-Kec- 
roge on its nortliern boundary, and the Kiver 
Blackwater flowing through it. 

'' Matjh-n-Inir. — Called by Keating Magh- 
Nionair. Now unknown. 

' Magh-Fubhna: i.e. the plain of the River 
Fubhna. This was probably the ancient name 
of the district through whiih the River Oona 



in Tyrone flows. 

' Magh-da-ghahhar : i. e. the Plain of the Two 
Goats. Keating calls it Magh-da-ghabhal, i- e. 
" the Plain of the Two Forks," which is pro- 
bably the correct form See Magh-da-ghabhal 

under the year 101 1. 

' Bealgadan Now Bulgadan, a townland in 

the parish of Kilbreedy Major, near Kilmallock, 
in the county of Limerick. 

■ Gathlach. — Now probably Gayly, in the ba- 
rony of Iraghticonor, county of Kerry. 

" Fairrge. — Not identified. 

" Sliahh Fcimldn: i. e. the mountain of Feim- 
hin, a territory comprised in the barony of IfTa 
and OffaEast, in the county of Tipperary. This 
mountain is now locally called Sliub na iti-bon 
pionn, i. e. the Mountain of the Fair Women, 
which is evidently a corruption of SliuB na m- 
ban peirhetinn, i. e. the Mountain of the Women 
of Fcimhin See Leahhar na g- C'cart, p. 1 S. Ac- 



3728.] ANxNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 47 

Magh-Luirg", in Connaught ; Magli-Leamhna", Magh-n-Iiiir", Magh-Fubhna", 
and Magh-da-ghabllar^ in Oirghialla. 

The Age of the World, 3728. This was the first year of tlie reign of 
Fiacha Lablirainne over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3751. This was the twenty-fourth year, the ter- 
mination of the reign of Fiacha Labhrainne ; and he fell by Eochaidh Mumho, 
of Munster, in the battle of Bealgadan'. It was by this Fiacha Labhrainne the 
following battles were gained : the battle of Gathlach', in which fell Mofebis, 
son of Eochaidh Faebharghlas; the battle of Fairrge", against the race of Emhear; 
the battle of Sliabli Feinihin"; a battle against the Ernai, [a sept] of the Firbolo-s, 
[on the plain] where Loch Erne" [now] is. After the battle was gained from 
them, the lake flowed over them, so that it was from them the lake is named, 
that is, " a lake over the Ernai." It was in the reign of the same Fiacha that 
the springing of these three rivers first took place, [namely], the Fleasc', the 
Mand^, and the Labhrann", from which [last] the surname [Labhrainne] clung 
to him. 

The Age of the World, 3752. This was the first year of the reign of 
Eochaidh Mumho, son of Mofebis, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3772. Twenty-one years was Eochaidli in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Aengus Olraucadha, son of Fiacha Labh- 
rainne, in the battle of Cliach''. 

cording to a local legend, the women of this ^ The Labhrann. — The genitive foivii is f,a- 

mountain were enchanted beauties, who were Bpainne or CoBpuinne. Keating, in his i//rforv 

contemporary with Finn Mac CumhaLll, the of h'dand, calls this Inbeap CuBpuinne, which 

chief of the Irish militia in the third century. Ilaliday (p. 325) anglicises "theLarne;" but 

' Loch-Erne: i. e. Lough Erne, in the county this is incorrect, because the Larne (in the 

Fermanagh. The same account of the eruption county of Antrim) is called, in Irish, Latharna. 

of this lake is given in the Leabhar-Gabhala, and We have no direct evidence to prove the situa- 

by Duald Mac Firbis (Marquis of Drogheda's tion or modern name of the Labhrann. The 

copy, p. 9.) River Lee, in the county of Cork, was originally 

" The Fleasc. — Now the Flesk, a river flowing called Sabhrann. But the Kiver Labhrann was 

through the barony of Magunihy, in the south- evidently in the same region with the Flesk and 

east of the county of Kerry. the Mang, and it may not be rash to conjecture 

' The Mand, recte Mang — Now the Maine, a that it was the old name of the Casan-Ciarraighe, 
river flowing through the barony of Troughan- or Cashen Kiver, in the county of Kerry, 
acmy, in the west of the same county. Keating " Cliach. — A territory lying around Knock- 
calls it InBeap mainse. any, in the county of Limerick. 



48 



aHNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[3773. 



Qoip Domain, c]ii mile pfchc cceo pfcrmojar a cpf. Qn ceo blmbain 
oo pije Qonjufa OlmucaDa, mac piaca Labiiainne, op epinn iny^inn. 

Qoi)^ Dorhnin, rpi mile j^eachc ceD nocac. lap mbfic oQenj^iip Olmu- 
ca6a oclic iiibliaDna oecc inn aipopije Gpeann do cT|i i ccauli Capman Id 
liGnna naipsreach. Qpe Qenj^up po bpip na caca po, each Clepe, each 
Cuipce, car Slebe Cuilge pop TTihaijicine i ccpi'ch Copca baipccinn, each 
T?uip Ppaocain i ITIuipipcc i copehai]i Ppaochan pdiD, each Caipn Ricfoa, 
each Cuile Raca i nOeapmumain, each Slebe Cua pop Gpna, each QipDa- 
chaib 1 copcaip Smiopjoll mac Smeachpa, pf pomoipe, eaoja cac pop Cpuic- 
fnciiaic 1 pop piopa bolj^, Da each Dec pop Lon^bopoaib, -j cfirpe cafa pop 
Colaipc. Qciac na locha po comaiDmpeac ina pe, Loch Qonbfichi la hUib 
Cpemrumn, Loch Saileac, Loch na ngnpan i ITlai^ Lmpg la Connachcaib, -| 
TTlupbpuchc eiDip Gaba i Rop Cecce. dy la hQonjup Dna po pleachcaD 
na maije po, TTlaj ^linne Oecon la Cenel Conaill, ITlagh TTlucpuime la 



" Aenyus Olnmcadka: i.e. Aengus of the large 

Swine See Ogygia, part iii. c. 27. In Mageo- 

ghegan's translation of the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, the name of this king is anglicised " Enos 
Ohnoi/e,'" and in Irish, in the margin, Qonj;u]^ 
OllmujuiD, i.e. Aengus the great Destroyer. 

■» Carmann Now Wexford. See A. M. 3727. 

e Cfere.— See A. M. 3579. 

f Cuirce. — Not identified. See it again men- 
tioned under A. M. 4981. 

s S/iab/i-Cailge There is no mountain in the 

territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn now bearing this 
name. It appears from the Life of St. Senanus, 
the territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn originally com- 
jjrised the barony of Ibrickan, as well as those 
I if Moyarta and Clonderalaw, and it may, there- 
lore, be well conjectured that Sliabh Cailge was 
the ancient name of Sliabh-Callain, in the ba- 
rony of Ibrickan. The only other elevation that 
could with propriety be called a mountain is 
Moveen, in the barony of Moyarta. 

'' lios- Fraechau Ilosreaghan, in the barony 

of Murresk, and county of Mayo. 

' Carn-Eiceadha Not identified, 



'* Cuil-Jiatha : i. e. Corner, or Angle of the 
Fort. 

' Sliabh Cua Now SliabhGua, anglice Slieve 

Gua, in the parish of Sheskinan, barony of 
Decies-without-Drum, and county of Waterford. 
The more elevated part of this mountain is now 
called Cnoc Maeldomhnaigh ; but the whole 
range was originally called Sliabh Cua. 

™ Ard-Achadli. — There are many places of 
this name in Ireland, now anglicised Ardagh, 
but that here referred to is probably Ardagh, 
in the county of Longford. 

° Criiithcan-Tuath : i. e. the nation or country 
of the Picts. 

° Longobardai : i.e. the Longobardi, or Lom- 
bards. This name was scarcely knovrn to the 
Irish at the period we are treating of. They 
are mentioned by Tacitus and by Suetonius in 
the first century, and by Prosper in the fourth, 
and from these, no doubt, the Irish writers first 
became accjuainted with the name. It would 
appear from the lives of St. Patrick, that one of 
his nephews was of this trilje. 

P Colaisli. — Not identified. These foreign 



3773.] 



ANNALS OF THP: KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



49 



The Age of the World, 3773. This was the first year of tlie reign of 
Aengiis Olmucadha' over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3790. After Aengus Olmucadha had been eigh- 
teen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Cannann", by 
Enna Airgtheach. It was Aengus that gained the following battles. The 
battle of Clere°; the battle of Cuirce'^; the battle of Sliabh-Cailge^, against the 
Martini, in the territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn ; the battle of Ros-Fraechan\ in 
Muirisc, in which fell Fraechan, the prophet ; the battle of Carn-Riceadha' ; the 
battle of Cuil-ratha'', in South Munster ; the battle of Sliabh Cua', against the 
Ernai ; the battle of Ard-achadh™, in which fell Smiorgall, son of Smeathra, 
king of the Fomorians ; fifty battles against the Cruithean-Tuath" and the Fir- 
bolgs ; twelve battles against the Longbardai""; and four battles against the 
Colaisti''. These are the lakes which burst forth in his time : Loch Aenbheithe", 
in Ui-Cremhthainn ; Loch Saileach''; Loch-na-ngasau'', in Magh-Luirg, in Con- 
naught ; and the eruption of the sea between Eabha' and Ros-Cette". It was 
by Aengus also that these plains were cleared : Magh-Glinne-Decon", in Cinel- 



tribes are not mentioned by name in Mageoghe- 
gan's translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
in 117111011 it is merely stated that " strangers 
made many invasions in his time, but he cou- 
ragiously withstood and drove them out to the 
cost of their bloods and lives, by giving them 
many bloody overthrows, and covering divers 
fields with heaps of their dead bodies." 

'^ Loch- Aenbheithe: i.e. the Lake of the one 
Birch Tree. The territory of Ui-Creamhthainn 
was known in the time of Colgan, who describes 
it as a regiuncula included in the barony of Slane, 
in Meath. — See Trias Thaum., p. 184, and O'Fla- 
herty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 76. The most con- 
siderable lake now in this territory is Bellahoe 
Lough, on the confines of the counties of Meath 
and Monaghan, and about four miles and a quar- 
ter to the south of the town of Carrickmacross ; 
and this is probably the Loch Aenbheithe re- 
ferred to in the text. 

' Loch Saileach: Lake of the Sallows. Called 



by Keating Loch Sailcheadain, i. e. lacus saliceti. 
Not identified. 

' Loch-na-nGasan: i. e. Lake of the Sprigs or 
Sprays. The Editor made strict inquiry in the 
territory of Moylurg, or barony of Boyle, in the 
county of Roscommon, for the name of this lake, 
but found that it is obsolete. Nothing has been 
yet discovered to identify it. 

'Eabha. — This is otherwise called Magh Eabha, 
and now always Machaire-Eabha, anglice Maghe- 
row.— See Magh-nEabha, under A.M. 2859. 

" Ros-Cette. — This was the ancient name of a 
point of land now called " the Rosses," lying 
between the river of Sligo and that of Drum- 
clifF, in the barony of Carbury, and county of 
Sligo. It is separated from IMacbaire-Eabha by 
the creek and river of Drumcliife. 

" Magh-Glinne-Decon Called Magh-Glinne- 

Dearcon by Keating, i. e. the plain of the valley 
of acorns ; but there is no place now bearing 
either name in Tirconnell. 



H 



50 aNNaf,a pio^hachca eiReaNN. [3791. 

Connacca, TTlaj Cuile caol la Cenel mbojaine, ITIaj nOfnpciar la Lai jne, 
Qolrhajli la Calpai5ib, TTlaj Qpcaill let Ciajijiaije Cuachjia,-] magli Luacpa 
DeaohaiD. 

Qoip Domain, upi irii'le pfclic cceo nocan a haon. Qn ceo blia&ain oGnna 
Qijijcech na pig op Gpinn inpin. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile ochc cceD a pfcc Decc. lap ccaichfrh pfcc 
mbliabon ppicfc oGnna Qipsrfc i pi je Gpeann 00 cfp la Roireachcaij, mac 
TTlaoin, mic Qonjupa OlrhucaDa, 1 each Raijne. Qp lap an Gnna CCipgcfc 
po DO ponra pcecb aipgir i nQipgfc Rop, 50 rcapao Dpfpoib Gpeann amaille 
]ie heachaib "] caippchib. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile oclic cceD a liochc Decc. Ctn ceo bliabam Do 
Roirfcraij mac TTlaoin op Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip DoTTiain, cpi mile ochc cceo cfcpacac a Do. 1 ppoipcfno cuicc 
mbliaban ppicfc Do Poireaccaij 1 pi^e Gpeann copchaip la SeDna mac 
Qipcpi I cCpuachain. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceD ceacpacac a cpi. Ctn ceD bliabain Do 
pije SheDna, mic Qipcpi, mic Gbpic, mic Gmip, mic Ip. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceD cfcpacac apeachc. lap mbfic cuicc 
bliabna Do SeDna ipin jiije, copchaip la piaca pfonpcochac -] let TTluinearhon, 
mac Caip Clochaij, 1 cCpuachain. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mrle ochc cceD ceacpacac a hocc. Qn ceo bliabain 
DO pf^e piachac pionpcochaij op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceD peapccac a pfcc. lap mbeir Dpiachaib 
pionpcochac piche bliabain 1 pije Gpionn Do cfp la muineamon mac Caip. 

' Blagh-Mucruimhe : i. e. the Plain of the Eec- * Admhagh: i. e. tlie Plain of the Lime. We 

koning of the Swine. This name is now obsolete, are not told in which of the many districts in 

It was anciently applied to a plain in the county Iniland called Calraighe, this plain was situated, 

of Galway, lying immediately to the west of the According to O'Clery's Irish Calendar, there was 

town of Athenry. — See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, in this plain a church called Domhnach-mor, in 

part iii. c. 67. which seven bishops were interred. 

'' Magh-Ctiik-Cad: i.e. the Narrow Plain of *" Magli-Arcuill,iiiCiarraighe-Liiachra. — This 

the Corner or Angle. 'I'his was the name of a name is not now iijiplied to any plain in Kerry, 

narrow plain in the barony of Banagh, in the '^ Mai/Ii-L/iurhra-J)eadIiaidL — This was a level 

west of the county of Donegal. tract of Sliabh Luachra, near Castleisland, in the 

' Magh-n-Oensciath, in Leinster. — Not identi- county of Kerry, 

lied. '' J^iina Airgtheach: i. e. Enna the Plunderer. 



3791] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 51 

Conaill ; Magh-Mucruimhe", in Connauglit ; Magh-Cuile-Cacl, in Cinel-Bogli- 
aine''; Magh-n-Oensciath, in Leinstcr''; Aelmhagli*, in Calraighe ; Mag-Arcaill, 
in Ciarraiglie-Luachra" ; and Magli-Luachra-Deadhaidh"^. 

The Age of the World, 3791. This was the first year of Enna Airg- 
theach'', as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3817. After Enna Airgtheach had spent twenty- 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Raitheachtaigh, son of Maen, 
son of Aengus Olmucadha, in the battle of Raighne^ It was by this Enna 
Airgtheach that silver shields'^ were made at Airget-Ros^; so that he gave them 
to the men of Ireland, together with horses and chariots. 

The Age of the World, 3818. This was the first year of Roitheachtaigh, 
son of Maen, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3842. After Roitheachtaigh had been twenty-five 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Sedna, son of Airtri, at Cruachain". 

The Age of the World, 3843. The first year of the reign of Sedna, son of 
Airtri, son of Eibhric, son of Emher, son of Ir. 

The Age of the World, 3847. After Sedna had been five years in the 
sovereignty, he fell byFiacha Finscothach and Muineamhon, son of Cas Clothach, 
at Cruachain. 

The Age of the World, 3848. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Fins- 
cothach over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3867. After Fiacha Finscothach had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Muineamhon, son of Cas. Every 

Dr. O'Conor renders it " Enna Argenteus." targets to be made in this land, and bestowed 

' Raighne. — This place, from which the King abundance of them on his friends and nobility 

of Ossory was sometimes called T?i TJaijne, was in general." 

also called Magh-Raighne, which was a plain in ^ Airget-Ross: i. e. the Silver Wood. This is 

the ancient Ossory, in which plain was situated said to have derived its name from the silver 

the church of Cill-Finche, near the ford of Ath- shields there made by Enna Airgtheach. It is 

Duirnbuidhe, at the foot of a great hill called situated on the River Nore, in the parish of Eath- 

Dornbuidhc. — See the Feilire Aenguis, at 5th beagh, barony of Galmoy, and county of Kil- 

February, 17th September, and 5th November. kenny. — See the Ordnance Map of that county, 

f Silver shields. — In Mageoghegan's translation sheets 9 and ) 0. See it already referred to at 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, it is stated that A. M. 3501, 3516, and 3656. 

Enna Airgtheach was of the sept of Heber, and " Cniachain — Now Rathcroghan, near Bela- 

that he " was the first king that caused silver nagare, in the county of Roscommon. 

h2 



52 aNNaf,a ijio^hachca eiReawH. [3868. 

6a i^coichpfmpacli gac mash i nGpinn i naimpip piiiachac. Oosebrf bfop a 
Idn pfona ip na pgocliaib I'pin, go bpdipcn'p i Ifpcpaib glainiDibh an pi'on. 
ConaD aipe pin po Ifn an popainm piaclia pionpcochac Do jaipm De. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile oclic cceo pfpcac a hocc. Qn ceD bliabain Do pi^e 
TTluineamoin, mic Caip Clochaij, op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile ochc cceD pfchcmojac a Do. 1 ppoipcfnn an 
coicceaO blioDan Do TTIuinearhon, acbacb do rdrh i TTlaij Qibne. Qp lap 
an TTluinfmon po cnccaD mnincfba oip pa bpaisliDib Ri'o^h -] Ruipfc ap cop 
1 nGpinn. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile ochr cceD pfccmo^ar acpf. Ctn cfo bliabain Do 
PailDfpgoiD. 

Qoip Domain, cpi nu'le ochc cceD occmojac a Do. lap mbeic Dech 
mbliaona DpailofpDoiD ipin pi5e do pochaip la hOllaiti ppocla,mac piachac 
pfonpcochaij, i coach Ufmpa. Qp lap an pijh pailDeapgDoiD po cuipfb 
pailse 6ip im Idmoib aipfc i nGjunn ap cup. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceD ochcmojac a cpf. Qn ceD Bliabain 
Do pije Ollarhan pocla, mac piachac pionpcochaij. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile naoi cceaD piche a Do. lap mbeic Da pichec 
bliabain i pije Gpeann DOllam pocla, acbail ina mup bubfn i Ufifipoij. 
Qp e ceDna pi lap a nDfpnab peip Ueaitipach, ") ap Idip Do cojbab VTlup 
nOllarhan i cUfmpaij. Qp e Din po opDoi^ caoipioch ap gach cpiochaic 

' Fin-scothach: i.e. of the Wine-flowers. Keat- [were] " then in great use." 

ing gives this cognomen the same interpretation, ^ Faildeargdoid. — He is called Alldeargoid by 

but in Connell Mageoghegan's translation of the Keating, and Aldergoid in the Annals of Clon- 

Annals of Clonmacnoise it is stated that this macnoise. This name is derived from pail, a 

King " was surnamed Ffinnsgohagh of the abun- ring, oeapj;, red, and Doio, the hand. " In his 

bance of while flowers that were in his time," time gold rings were much used on men and 

which seems more probable, as wine was then women's fingers in this Realm." —Anncds of 

unknown in Ireland. Clonmacnoise. 

" Ma(ih-Aidhne See A.M. .3727, supra. " His own mur at Teamhair : i. e. Mur-Ol- 

' ChahK of gold. — Keating has the same, and lamhan, i. c. Ollamh Fodhla's house at Tara. 

in Mageoghegan's Annals of Clonmacnoise it In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 

is expressed as follows: " Mownomon was the Clonmacnoise, it is stated "that he buildcd a 

first king that devised gould to be wrought in fair palace at Taragh only for the learned sort of 

chains fit to be wore about men's necks, and this realm, to dwell in at his own charges." But 

rings to be put on their fingers, which was" this is probably one of Mageoghegan's interpo- 



3868.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 53 

plain in Ireland abounded with flowers and shamrocks in the time of Fiacha. 
These flowers, moreover, were found full of wine, so tliat the wine was squeezed 
into bright vessels. Wherefore, the cognomen, Fiacha Fin-scothach', continued 
to be applied to him. 

The Acre of the World, 3868. This was the first vear of the reign of 
Muinemhon, son of Cas Clothach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3872. At the endof thefifthyear ofMuineamhon, 
he died of the plague in Magh-Aidhne". It was Muineamhon that first caused 
chains of gold' [to be worn] on tlie necks of kings and chieftains in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3873. The first year of Faildeargdoid. 

The Age of the World, 3882. After Faildeargdoid liad been ten years in 
the sovereignty, he fell by Ollamh Fodhla, son of Fiacha Finscothach, in the 
battle of Teamhair. It was by the King Faildeargdoid"" that gold rings were 
first worn upon the hands of chieftains in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3883. The first year of the reign of Ollamh 
Fodhla, son of Fiacha Finscothach. 

The Age of the World, 3922. Ollamh Fodhla, after having been forty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died at his own mur [house] at Teamhair". 
He was the first king by whom the Feis-Teamhrach^ was established ; and it 
was by him Mur-OUamhan was erected at Teamhair. It was he also that 
appointed a chieftain over every cantred'', and a Brughaidh over every town- 

lations. A similar explanation of Mur-OUamlian following notice of it occurs : 
is given by O'Flalierty in his Ogi/gia, p. 214; " Ollow Fodla, of the house of Ulster, was 

but Keating, who quotes an ancient poem as king of Ireland, aud of him Ulster took the 

authority for the triennial feast or meeting at name. He was the first king of this land that 

Tara, has not a word about the palace built for ever kept the great Feast at Taragh, which feast 

the OUamhs See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara was kept once a year, whereunto all the king's 

Hill, p. 6. friends and dutiful subjects came yearly; and 

" Feis-Teamhrach. — This term is translated such as came not were taken for the king's ene- 

" Temorensia Comitia" by Dr. Lynch, in Cam- mies, and to be prosecuted by the law and 

hrensis Eversus, pp. 59, 60, 301, and by O'Fla- sword, as undutiful to the state." 
herty, in Offygia, part iii. c. 29; but it is called '' Cantred: cpioca ceo : i. e. a hundred or ba- 

" Cena" [coena] " Teamra," in the Annals of rony containing one hundred and twenty quar- 

Tighernach, at the year 461, and translated ters of laud. It is translated "cantaredus or 

Feast of Taragh by Mageoghegan, in his version centivillaria regie" by Colgan. — Trias Thaum., 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which the p. 19, n. 51. 



54 awNa^a Rio^hachca eiueaNM. [3923. 

ceO, -| bpu^aiD ap jach baile, "] a bpojnaifi uile r»o Rij Gpeann. GocViaiD 
ceDainm Ollarhan porla, -| ap aipe aDjiubjiaD Ollam [pobla] p]np ap a 
beic na ollam epgna ceoup, -| ['na] Ri'j [Pobla .1.] GpeanTi lapomb. 

Qoip oorham, rpi mile naoi cceD piche a cpf. Qn ceD bliaoain Do pije 
pionnacca, mic Ollarhon porla, op 6pinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile naoi cceD cfrpacliac a Do. Qn picfcmaD bliabain 
Dpionnachca op Gpinn innpin. Qrbacli laporh Do rdrii 1 muijinip la hUlcu. 
Qp a pfimiup an pi'05 pionnacca po pfpa6 pnfcca 50 mblap pi'ona conDeriifc 
an pep. Qp oe po lean an popainm ay pionnacca paippiom. Glim a ainm 
ap Clip. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceD cCcpacac a cpf. Qn cfo bliabain do 
pije Slanuill, mic Ollaiiian pocla, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceD caogac a naoi. Qn pfchcmab bliabain 
Decc DO Slanoll ipin pije, co nepbailc 1 bpoipcfnD na pee pin 1 Ueampaij, -\ 
nf pfp cia 5alop pop puce ache a pajail mapb, peac ni po pob Dach Do. l?o 
habnaicfb e apa hairle, -] lap mbeic cfrpcichac bliaoain ipan abnacal Dia 
cluipp po cogbab lapom la a mac .1. la hOilill mac Slanuill, -| po rhaip a 
copp jan lobab gan leajab an aipfc pin. 5a machcnaD mop -| ba liiongnab 
la piopa Gpionn an nf pin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mfle naoi cceo peapcca. Qn ceD bliabain Do pije 
^liebe Ollgocliaij op GpinD. 

Qoip Domcdn, cpi mfle naoi cceD peaccmojac a haon. Qn Dapa bliabain 

^ A brughaidh over every townland. — Dr. Lyncli pretation ; but it is evidently legendary, because 

renders this passage " singulis agrorum tricen- Finnaohta, or Finnshneachta, was very common 

ariis Dynastam, singulis Burgis prsefectum con- as the name of a man among the ancient Irish, 

stituit." A brughaidh, among the ancient denoting Niveus, or snow-white. The name is 

Irish, meant a farmer; and his baile or townland still preserved in the surname O'Finneachta, 

comprised four quarters, or four hundred and angUci Finaght}'. 

eighty large Irish acres of land. — See note ", " ShmoU. — Keating derives this name from 

under the year 1186. flt'i'i, health, and oil, great, and adds that he 

0/lmtJi FoJMa, pronounced OlhlvFula: i.e. was so called because all his subjects enjoyed 

the Ollanih or chief Poet of Fodhla or Ireland. great health in his time. The Annals of Clon- 

' Alagh-inis in Uladh. — Now the barony of macnoise contain the same remark : 

Locale, in the county of Down. See A. M. 3529 " During whose reign the kingdom was free 

and 3f)56. from all manner of sickness." And add: " It is 

' Fiimachla. — Keating gives a similar inter- unknown to any of what he died, but died 



3923.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 55 

land', who were all to serve the King of Ireland. Eochaidh was the first name 
of Ollamh Fodhla'; and he was called Ollaiiih [Fodhla] because he had been 
first a learned Ollamh, and afterwards king of [Fodhla, i. e. of] Ireland. 

The Age of the AVoi'ld, 3923. Tliis was the first year of the reign of 
Finnachta, son of Ollamh Fodhla, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3942. This was the twentieth year of the reign 
of Finnachta over Ireland. He afterwards died of the plague in Magh-inis, in 
Uladh'. It was in the reign of Finnachta that snow fell with the taste of wine, 
which blackened the grass. From this the cognomen, Finnachta', adhered to 
him. Elim was his name at first. 

The Age of the World, 3943. The first year of the reign of SlanoU, son 
of Ollamh Fodhla, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3959. The seventeenth year of Slanoll" in the 
sovereignty ; and he died, at the end of that time, at Teamhair [Tara], and it 
is not known what disease carried him off ; he was found dead, but his colour 
did not change. He was afterwards buried ; and after his body had been forty 
years in the grave, it was taken up by his son, i. e. Oilioll mac Slauuill ; and 
the body had remained without rotting or decomposing during this period. 
This thing was a great wonder and surprise to the men of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3960. The first year of the reign of Gedhe 011- 
ghothach" over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3971. The twelfth year of Gedhe Ollghothach in 

quietly on his bed; and after that bis body re- the conversation of his subjects in general in 

niained^»e years buried, and did not rott, con- his time, was as sweet a harmony to one another 

sume, or change collour. He reigned 26 years." as any musick, because they lived together in 

Gedhe Ollfjhothach — Translated " Gedius such concord, amity, and attonement among 

Grandivocus" by O'Flaherty, Ogygia, part iii. themselves that there was no discord or strife 

c. 31. It is explained as follows in Dr. Lynch's heard to grow between them for any cause 

translation of Keating's History of Ireland: whatsoever." 

" Fratri Geidius cognomento Ollghothach In the Dinnseanchus, as preserved in the Book 

successit, sic ideo nominatus quod eo regnante of Lecan, it is stated that Heremon, the son of 

voces hominum maxime sonora; fuerint, oW enim Milesius, was also called Geidhe Ollghothach, 

perinde ac magnum, et guth ac vox est." and for a similar reason here ascribed for its 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise is the follow- application to the present monarch ; but these 

ing passage to the same purport : accounts are clearly legendary, because the cog- 

" Observers of antiquity affirm of him that nomen OUghothach was evidently applied to these 



56 awNa^-a Rio^hachca eiReaNw. [3972. 

Decc 00 ^hebe Ollsocliac 1 piglie Gpeann, -] Do cfp 1 bpopcfno na pee pin la 
pmclia mac pionnachca. 

Qoip Domain, cjii mile naoi cceD pfccmojar a Do. Qn cfb bliabain 
opiaclia pionnailcfp, mac pionnachca, 1 pijhe Gjieann. Nach agh pogfnaip 
ina ]ieimf|'' ]io ba ceinDpiono. 

Qoip Domain, cjii mile naoi cceD nocac a haon. lap mbeic piche bliabain 
DpiachaiD pionnailcfp 1 pije Gpionn, copcliaip 1 ccach bpfglia la bfpnjal, 
mac ^ebe OUgocliaij. Qp let piacha pionnailcfp conpoDachc Oun Chuile 
Sibpinne .1. CfnanDup. ^ac Dii ina mbiooli a apup pom ba CeananDup a 
ainm. Qp lap an pijpi cfrup po cocailce calom 1 nGpinn Do cum uipcce 
DO beicli 111 cuppaib. 6a oeacmaic Don connall a loch Diompiilang ina plair. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceD nocac a Do. Qn ceo bliabain Do bfpn- 
jal, mac ^ebe Olljochaij, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cfrpe mile a cpi. lap mbeich Da bliabain Decc 1 pije 
nGpeann do bfpnjal mac ^ebe Olljochaij Do cfp Id hOilill mac Slanuill, 
~\ la Siopna mac Oen. 

Qoip Domain, cfcpe mile a cfcaip. Qn ceD bliabain Do pi je Oiliolla, 
mic Slanuill, op GpinD innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cfrpe mile anaoi Decc. lap mbeic pe bliabna Decc oOilioll, 
mac Slanuill, hi pije nGpeann, copchaip Id Siopna mac Den. 

Qoip Domain, cearpe mile pice. Qn ceo bliaoain Do Siopna mac Den, 
mic Demain, hi pije nGpeann innpin. Qp e an Siopna fa, mac Den, po pcap 
plaiciiip Ueam]ia ppi hUllcoib .1. ppi pliocc Ip. Qp e ona po Dioj^ail poppa 
Rocfchcaij mac TTlaoin po mapbpac 1 cCpuachain, 50 ccopcoip bfpngal mac 
^ebe Ollgochaij, 1 Oilioll mac Slanoill leip. 

monarohs themselves from the loudness of their Kells, a town in East Meath. The former 

own voices, and not from the sweetness or mel- name denotes arx anguli adultcrii ; and Ma- 

lifluousness of the voices of their subjects. geoghegan, in his translation of the Annals of 

" Calf: literally cow : a^ .1. bo O^Clcry. Clonmacnoise, says of it : 

' White-headed. — The term ceinbpionD, now " He founded Dun-Cowle Sevrille (or rather 

pronounced ceannann, is still in common use, Duii-Chuile Sibhrinne), now called (for avoiding 

and applied to what is commonly called a white- of bawdiness) Kells." The latter name, Cean- 

faced cow or horse, i. e. having a star or white annus, was first anglicised Kcnlis, which is now 

spot on the forehead. translated lleadfort, in the name of the seat of 

' Dun- Chuile- Sihrinnc : i.e. Ccanannus, now the present proprietor. There is no other place 



3972] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 57 

the sovereignty of Ireland ; and he fell at the end of that time by Fiacha, son 
of Finnachta. 

The Age of the World, 31)72. The first year of Fiacha Finnailches, son 
of Finnachta, in the sovereignty of Ireland. Every calf that was brought 
forth in his reign was white-headed'. 

The Age of the World, 3991. After Fiacha Finnailches had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Breagh, by Bearn- 
ghal, son of Gedhe Ollghothach. It was by Fiacha Finnailches that Dun-chuile- 
Sibrinne^, i. e. Ceanannus, was erected. Wherever his habitation was [placed], 
Ceanannus was its name. It was by this king that the earth was first dug in 
Ireland, that water might be in wells. It was difiicult for the stalk' to sustain 
its corn in his reign. 

The Age of the World, 3992. The first year [of the reign] of Bearnghal, 
son of Gedhe Ollghothach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4003. Bearnghal, the son of Gedhe Ollghothach, 
after having been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Oilioll, son 
of Slanoll, and Sirna, son of Dian. 

The Age of the World, 4004. This was the first year of the reign of 
Oilioll, son of Slanoll, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4019. Oilioll, son of Slanoll, after having been 
sixteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Sirna, son of Dian. 

The Age of the World, 4020. This was the first year of the reign of 
Sirna, son of Dian, son of Deman, in the sovereignty of Ireland. It was this 
Sirna, son of Dian, that wrested the government of Teamhair [Tara] from the 
Ulta'', i. e. the race of Ir. It was he, too, that revenged upon them [the death 
of] Roitheachtaigh mac Main, whom they had slain at Cruachain ; so that 
Bearnghal, son of Gedhe Ollghothach, and Oilioll, son of Slanoll, fell by him. 

now bearing this name in Ireland, except Cean- talitas in ejus reglmine," in wliicli he mistakes 

annus, or Kells, in the county of Kilkenny. the meaning of every word except ina plair. 

" The stalk. — This word, connall, is still used '' The Ulta: i. e. the people of Ulster, descended 

to denote stalk, and coinnleac or connlac, stalks from Ir, son of Milesius. " Oilell was king 15 

or stubbles. Dr. 0'Conor,whoismore apt to miss years, and then was slain by Siorna Mac Deyn 

the meanings of Irish words that are in common (of the sept of Heremon), who was he that vio- 

use than of ancient words, translates this sentence lently took the government of the sceptre of 

as follows: " Portentosa erat pestilentiffi mor- this land from the sept of Ulster." — Ann.Clon, 

I 



58 



aNNa^.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[4169. 



Qoip t)orhain, cerjie mi'le ceo f ffcar a naoi. lap mbeic ceD 50 Ifirh Do 
bliaonaib i pijlie nGpeann Do Siopna Sao^lac, mac Dein, Do ceap Id Roreach- 
cai5 mac Roc'iin 1 nQillinn. Qp e an Siopna po po bpip car Cttpcealrpa 
pop UlcaiB, DO car Slebe QipBpeach, car Cinn Dufn 1 nQppal, each niona 
poiclimj Id hUib Pailje pop TTlaipcine -| Gpna, each Luacpa, each Cldipe, 
each Sarhna, each Cnuicc Ochoip. SaijiD Do pop porhoipib hi ccpich ITliDe. 
Cfp laip beop po cuipeaD car TTlona UpojaiDe hf cCiannaccoib an can cuj 
Lujaip mac Cuigoij .1. Do pi'ol 6mip, poplfon Dpomoipib 1 nGpinn ima pfgh, 
Ceapapn a ainm. Qccaijigib Sfopna pip Gpeann Do chachujaD ppiu 50 
rrioin Cpojaibe. r?e mbeic 05 plaiDe an eaca Doib Do puipmfD cdiri po]ipa, 
CO napaD Lujaip, 1 Ceapapn De co na mumcip, -] Dpong Di'pim Dpfpoib Gpeann 
amailli ppiu. 

Ctp a naimpip Siopna Dna cobpuchcaD Sciopcaije 1 Laijnib, Doailce hi 
Cpic Roipp, Niche 1 nriaigh muipcemne, Cearnna 1 murham -] Sldine la 
hUib Cpemcainn. 

Qoip Dorhain, ceicpe mile ceD peachcmojac. Qn ceD bliabain Do pije 
Poceachcaij, mic Roam, op Gpinn innpin. 



"^ AUlinn. — This was the ancient name of a 
large fort on the hill of Cnoc Qilinne, anglice 
Knockaulin, near KilcuUen, in the county of 
Kildare — See Dinnsenchus, in the Book of Bal- 
lymote, fol. 193. 

"* Aircealtair — O'Flaherty calls it Aras-Kel- 
tair, which was one of the names of the large 
rath at Downpatrick, in the county of Down. 

^ SUahh-Airbhreach Not identified. 

f Ccnnn-duiii in Assal — Assal was the ancient 
name of the district lying round Cnoc-Droma- 
Assail, anglice Tory-Hill, near Croom, in the 
county of Limerick ; but no name like Ceann- 
duin is now to be found in that neighbourhood. 

8 3[oin-Foichnifjh in Ui-Failghe There is no 

bog now bearing this name in the territory of 
Offaly. 

■^ Lnachuir: i.e. Sliabh Luachra, near Castle- 
island, in the county of Kerry. 

' Claire — A hill near Duntrileague, in the 
county of Limerick See note under A. D. IGOO. 



'' Samkain Now Cnoc-Samhua, i. e. the hill 

of Samhain, not far from Bruree, in the parish 
of Tankardstown, barony of Coshma, and county 
of Limerick. — See Life of St. Fionnchu in the 
Book of Lismore, fol. 70, b. 

' Cnoc-Ochaii: — Not identified. 

" Moin-Tro(jaidhe : i. e. the Bog of Trogaidhe. 
— This was probably situated in Ciannachta- 
Breagh, in the east of the ancient Meath, 
and not in the northern Ciannachta, in the 
present county of Londonderry. The great 
length of this monarch's reign is evidently 
legendary, or rather a blunder of transcribers. 
O'Flaherty, Ogyffia, part iii. c. 32, refers to the 
Book of Lecan, fol. 291, to shew that he lived 
150 years, for which reason he was called the 
Long-lived. The Annals of Clonmacnoise, as 
translated by Mageoghegan, in which the fol- 
lowing notice of him occurs, give him a reign 
of only twenty years : 

" Oilell was king 1 5 years, and then was slain 



4169] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 59 

The Age of the World, 41G9. Sirua Saeghlach, son of Dian, after having 
been a century and a half in the sovereignty of Ireland fell by Roitlieach- 
taigh, son of Roan, at Aillinn". This was the Sirna who gained the battle of 
Aircealtair" over the Ultonians ; the two battles of Sliabh Airbhreach*; the 
battle of Ceann-duin, in AssaU; the battle of Moin-Foichnigh, in Ui Failghe^, 
over the Martini andErnai; the battle of Luachair"; the battle of Claire' ; the 
battle of Samhain"; the battle of Cnoc-Ochair'. An attack was made by him 
on the Fomorians, in the territory of Meath. It was by him, moreover, was 
fought the battle of Moin-Troghaidhe"", in Ciannachta, when Lughair, son of 
Lughaidh, of the race of Emhear, had brought in a force of Fomorians into 
Ireland, with their king, Ceasarn by name. Sirna drew the men of Ireland 
to make battle against them to Moin-Trogaidhe. As they were fighting the 
battle a plague was sent upon them, of which Lughair and Ceasarn perished, 
with their people, and a countless number of the men of Ireland along with 
them. 

It was in the time of Sirna, also, happened the eruption of the Scirtach", in 
Leinster ; of the Doailt", in Crich Eois ; of the Nith'', in Magh-Muirtheimhne ; 
of the Leamhain'', in Munster ; and of the Slaine, in Ui Creamhthainn". 

The Age of the World, 4170. This was the first year of the reign of Eoi- 
theachtaigh, son of Roan, over Ireland. 

by Siorna mac Deyn of the sept of Heremon, years together before he was King, and that" 

who was he that violently took the govern- [he fought] " only against the Ulstermen." 
ment of the sceptre of this land from the sept ° The Scirtach: i. e. the River Skirt, 

of Ulster. Siorna, after slaying this King, " Tlie Doailt, in Feara-Rois. — A stream in the 

was King himself, in whose time Lowgire mac south of Monaghan. 

Lowagh brought in Fomoraghs into Ireland. P Nith. — This was the ancient name of the 

King Siorna went to meet them at the Bog of river of Ardee, flowing through the plain of 

Trogye in Kyannaghta, with all the forces of Conaille Muirtheimhne, in the county of Louth, 

the kingdom, where a cruel battel was fought — See Combat of Cuchulainn and Ferdia mac 

between them with such vehemency that almost Damain. 

both sides perished therein with overlabouring i The Leamhain. — Now the Laune, near Kil- 

themselves, and especially the Irish nation with larney, in the county of Kerry. — See note un- 

their King. Also Lowgyre and Kisarne, King der A. D. 1570. 

of the Fomoraghs, were slain. Others write ^ Tlie Slaine, in Ui-Creamhthainn — This was 

that King Siorna was slain by Eohaghty mac the name of a small stream flowing into the 

Eoayn, when he had reigned 21 years. It is also Boyne from the north side, near the village of 

reported of him that he lived an outlaw 100 Baile-Slaine, now Slane, in Meath. 

i2 



60 awMaf-a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [4176. 

Qoip DoTTiain, ceirpe mfle ceo peaclicmojac a pe. lap mbec peachc 
mbliabna hi pijlie nGjieann do 'Roreachcaij, po loiyxc rem jealdin e hi 
nOun Sobaijice. Qp lap an Roceachcaig po ajipichr cappaic ceirpe nfch 
ap cup 1 n6pinn. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mfle ceD peachrmojac apfchc. Gn bliabain oGlim 
Oillpinpneachca, mac Roceachcaij, hi pi'je nGpeann, 50 copchaip 1 ppoipcfnD 
na bliabna pin Id ^lallchaiD, mac OilioUa Olcaoin. ]?o peapab pneachra 
mop 50 mblap pi'ona ipin mbliaoainpi. Qp aipe po gaiprf Oillpmpneachca 
oepiurii. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile ceo pfchcmojar a hochc. Qn ceD bliabain 
DO ^lallchaiD, mac Oiliolla Olcaoin, mic Si'opna, i pi je nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile ceo ochcmojar a pe. lap nibech naoi 
mbliaDna Do ^lallchaiD 1 pijhe nGpeann do pochaip la hQpc Imleach 1 TTloig 
TTliiaiDe. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile ceD ochcmojac a pfc'c. Qn ceo bliaDain DQpr 
Imleach, mac Glim Oillpinpneachca, 1 pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceD nochac a hochc lap mbeic Da bliaoain 
Decc oQpc Imleac 1 pije nGpeann Do cfp la NuaDac Pionnpail. 

Qoip DoTTiain, ceicpe mile ceD nocac a naoi. Qn ceiD bliabain do pije 
NuabaiD pinnpdil op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Dorhain, ceicpe mile Dd ceo cpiocac a hochc. lap mbeic od pichfc 
bliaoain hi pije nGpeann do Nuaba pionnpdil do cfp la bpeap, mac Qipc 
Imli 5. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Dd ceD cpiocac a naoi. Qn ceo bliabain do 
pi^e bpeip mic Qipc Imlij op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceD cfcpacac a peachc. lap mbeic naoi 
mlAiabna do bpeap 1 pije nGpeann do pnchaip la hGochaib nQpcach hi 
Capn Conluain. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceo cfcpacac a hochc. Gn bliabain 

'Chariots — "Roheaghty was the first" [Irisli] ' Elim Oillfinshieachta: literally, Elim of the 

"king that ever usod coaches with four horses great Wine-snow I " He was so called because 

in Ireland. He reigned seven years, and, at it rained snow continually that year." — Annals 

last, was burned by wilde fire at Dunsovarkie. of Cloiimacnoise. Both derivations are mere 

He was a very good king." — Annals of Clon. guesses of late writers. 



4176.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 61 

The Age of the World, 4176. After Roitheachtaigh had been seven years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, lightning burned him at Dun-Sobhairce [Dunse- 
verick]. It was by this Roitheachtaigh that chariots* of four horses were first 
used in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4177. Elim OiUfinshneachta, son of Roitheach- 
taigh, after having been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell, at the end 
of that year, by Giallchaidh, son of Oilioll Ollchain. Snow, with the taste of 
wine, fell in this year, whence he was called Oillfinshneachta^ 

The Age of the World, 4178. The first year of Giallchaidli, son of Olioll 
Olchain, son of Sirna, in the soverei2;ntv of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4186. Giallchaidh, after having been nine years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Art Imleach, in Magh Muaidhe". 

The Age of the World, 4187. This was the first year of Art Imleach, sou 
of Elim OiUfinshneachta, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4198. Art Imleach, after having been twelve 
years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Nuadhat Finnfail. 

The Age of the World, 4199. This was the first year of the reign of 
Nuadhat Finnfail over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4238. Nuadhat Finnfail, after having been fjrty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Breas", son of Art Imleach. 

The Age of the World, 4239. This was the first year of the reign of 
Breas, son of Art Imleach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4247. Breas, after having been nine years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Eochaidh Apthach, at Carn-Conluain". 

The Age of the World, 4248. Eochaidh Apthach^ was one year in the 

" Mcyh-Muaidhe This was either the plain " Breas. — He is called Breasrigh by Keating, 

of the River Moy, in North Connaught, or a and Breasry in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

plain situated at the foot of Cnoc-Muaidhe, or which add : " In whose time Fomorie came 

Knockmoy, in the county of Galway. See again into Ireland ; but he overthrew them in 

A. M. 3529, supra. many battles, and did quite exjiel them out of 

* Twelve years. — The Annals of Clonmacnoise the kingdom." 
give him but a reign of six years, and add : " he '' Carn-Conluain. — Not identified, 
builded seven Dowries or Pallaces for himself, to ' Eochaidh AjJthach — " Eochye Ophagh, Cap- 
dwell in them to recreate himself." " Septem tain of the former king's guards. IlewasofCor- 
niunimenta fossis vallavit." — Ogygia, part iii. kelaye" [Race of Lughaidh, son of Ith] "usurped 
c. 32. the kingdom and name of king thereof, after the 



62 aHMQca Rio^hachca eiReaww. [4249. 

oeocliaib Qpracli, mac pinn, hi pije nGpeann, 1 Do pochaip 1 bpoipceann na 
bliabnct pr\ la pionn, mac bpaclia. 

Qoip DoiTiain, ceifpe tnile Da ceD cfrpocar a naoi. CXn ceD bliaDain Do 
pije pinn, mic bpaclia, op Gpinn innpin. 

Ctoip Domain, ceirpe nnile Da ceD pfccmojar. lap mbeic Da bliabain 
ap pichic 111 piglie nGpeann opionn mac bpachct do cfp Id SeDna mac bpfip 
a TTluriiain. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile Da ceD pfccmojar a liaon. Qn ceiD BliaDain 
Do Sebna lonnappaij, mac bpeip, mic Qipr Imlij, In pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile Da ceo nochac. lap mbeif piclie bliaDain In 
pije nGpeann Do Sebna lonnappaib Do pochaip Id Siomon mbpfc. 

Qoip Doiiiain, ceifpe mile Da ceo nochac a haon. Ctn ceo bliabain do 
Siomon bpeac, mac Qobain ^laip, 1 pijhe nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile Da ceD nochac a pe. lap mbeic pe bliabna 
corhldna 1 pije nGpeann Do Siomon bpfc, macQobain^^cjiT'' ^^ ceap IdOuach 
pionn. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile Da ceD nocac a peace. Qn ceD bliabain do 
Duach pionn, mac Seona lonnappaij, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile cpf ceo ape. lap mbeic Dfich mbliabna hi 
pije nGpeann Do Duach pionn, mac Sebna lonnappaij, Do pochaip i ccaf 
TTlai^e la ITluipeabac bolgpach. 

Qoip Doriiain, ceifpe mile cpi ceD a pfcc. l?o caif niuipfbac boljpac 
mi pop bliabain i pighe nGpeann 50 ccopcaip i ccionn na pee hfpin la hGnoa 
nOfpcc, mac Oiiaich. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile cpi ceD a hocc. Qn ceiD bliabain DGnoa Ofpg, 
mac Ouach PinD, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile cpf ceD a naoi Decc. lap mbeic Da bliabain 
Decc DGnna Ofpj;, mac Onach, hi pije nGpeann, acbach Dofdrh 1 Sleb TTlipp 
50 pochuibe moi]i uime. 

former king's death, and obtained the same one every month." 

year. There was great laintness, generally, over " Scdiia Iimarraighe. — Keating says that he 

all the whole kingdom, once every month, during was called lonnappuiD, because he was the first 

that year, lie was slain by Finn mac Braha." that paid stipends to soldiers; or, as Dr. Lynch 

Keating says that he was called Qpruc, f&v/)-(/c- and Mageoghcgau understand it, to people in 

live, from plagues which visited his subjects general. " Cognomentuni Iiiiiairadh, quod mer- 



4249] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 63 

sovereignty of Ireland, and he fell, at the end of that year, by Finn, son of 
Bratha. 

The Age of the World, 4249. This was the first year of the reign of Finn, 
son of Bratha, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4270. Finn, son of Bratha, after having been 
twenty-two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Sedna, son of Breas, in 
Munster. 

The Age of the World, 4271. The first year of the reign of Sedna Innar- 
raigh*, son of Breas, son of Art Imleach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4290. Sedna Innarraigh, after having been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Simon Breac. 

The Age of the World, 4291. This was the first year of Simon Breac, 
son of Aedhan Glas, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4296. Simon Breac, the son of Aedhan Glas, 
after having been six full years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Duach 
Finn. 

The Age of the World, 4297. This was the first year of Duach Finn, sou 
of Sedna Innarraigh, in tlie sovereignty of Irelaud. 

The Age of the World, 4306. Duach Finn, son of Sedna Innaraigh, after 
having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell in the battle of Magh'', 
by Muu'eadhach Bolgrach. 

The Age of the World, 4307. Muireadhach Bolgrach spent a month and 
a year in the sovereignty of Ireland, and he fell, at the end of that time, by Enda 
Dearg, son of Duach. 

The Age ot the World, 4308. This was the first year of Enda Dearg in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4319. Enda Dearg, son of Duach, after liaving 
been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died of a plague at Sliabh Mis", 
with a great number abotit him. 

cedem significat, idcirco sortitus, quod eo reg- ' Sliahh-Mis There are two mountains of 

nante operas mercedare locari ca;pte fuerint." — this name in Ireland, one in the county of An- 

Ijynch. " This Sedna was a worthy noble king, trim, anrjUce Slemmish, and the other near Tra- 

and the first that rewarded men with chattle in lee, in the county of Kerry, which is the one 

Ireland." — Annals of Clonmacnoise. referred to in the text. — See Ogygia, part iii. 

" Magh: i. e. the Plain. Not identified. c. 33. Keating says that silver was struck for 



64 QHwaf-a Rio^hachra eiReawH. [4320. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceb piclie. Qn ceo blmbain Do LugliaiD 
lapDonn, mac Gnna Ofips, In jnje nGiieann innpn. 

Qoif Domain, ceirjie mile r|ii ceo piche a hochc. Qnaoi Do LujhaiD 
lapDonn hi jiij^e nGpeann 50 ccopcaip la Siojilam hi T?aic Clocaip. 

Qoip Domain, ceiqie mile cjii ceo piche a naoi. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
Sioiilam, mac PinD, mic bpara, hi pije nSpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile cpi ceo cfrpacac a cfraip. lap mbeic pe 
bliabna oecc Do Sioplam hi pige nGpeann Do pocaip Id nGochaiD nUaipcfp. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceo cffpacac a ciiij. Qn ceD bliabain 
bGochaiD Uaipcheap 1 pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceo caogac ape. lap mbeic Da bliabain 
Decc DGochaib Uaipc fp hi pighe nGpeann Do pochaip Id macoib Conjail .1. 
Gochaib "| Conaing. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceD caojac a pfcc. Qn ceo bliaDain do 
Dd mac Conj;ail Copccapaij .1. Ouach 'Cearhpac, mic TTIuipfDhais boljpai^ 
.1. GochaiD piabmuine 1 Conaing beajfglach, na piojaib op Gpinn, Dfpcapc 
Gpeann la hGochaiD, a cuaipcfpc la Conainj. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo pef(pcac a haon. lap mbeic cuij bli- 
abna 1 ccompijhe opGpinn DGochaiDpiabmuine"] DoConaing bfgeaslach do 
pocaip Gochaib Id Lujaib Laimbfps, mac Gachach Uaij.cfp, "] do pcapab an 
pighe ppi Concnnj. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD pfpccac a Do. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
Cujaib LaiitiDfpg mac Gachach Uaipcfp 1 pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD peajccac a hocc. Q Sfcc Do Lu5aib 
) pije nGpeann 50 ccopcaip la Conaing, mac Congail. 

tlie first time in Ireland in his time, wLicli it terram, vel turn cum erectus staret, pertingen- 

■\vas at a place called Airgiod-Ross, on the River tibus, sij- enim perinde est ac longa ac lamh ac 

Feoir, in Ossory. " Quo Rege argentura in Hi- manus." — Lynch. 

bernia primijm Airgiod-Rossiffi signari ca;ptum." " Sirelawe was so called because he had such 

— Lynch. The same is asserted by O'Flaherty, long hands, that when he would stand or be on 

Ogyfjia {ubi supra) ; but no mention is made horseback, he could, without stooping, reach to 

of the latter circumstance in the Annals of the ground." — Annals of Clonmacnoise. 
Clonmacnoiso. f Eochaidh Uaircheas. — Keating understands 

■^ Ralli-Clochair: i. e. the Rath or Fort of the this as Eochaidh of the Wicker Boats. " Agno- 

Rocks. Not identified. mine tracto a scaphis rudi viminum contextione 

' Sirlamh. — " Nomine parto a longis manibus, compactis, et pecorum obductis corio. Fuarchis 



4320.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 65 

The Age of the World, 4320. This was the first year of Lughaidh lar- 
donn, son of Enda Dearg, in the sovereignty of Irehmd. 

The Age of the World, 4328. The ninth year of Lnghaidh lardonn in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell, by Sirlamh, at Eath-Clochair''. 

The Age of the World, 4329. This was the first year of Sirlamh", son of 
Finn, son of Bratha, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4344. Sirlamh, after having been sixteen years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Eochaidh Uairches. 

The Age of the World, 4345. The first year of Eochaidh Uairclieas'^ in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4356. Eochaidh Uaircheas, after having been 
twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by the sons of Congall : i. e. 
Eochaidh and Conaing. 



O' 



The Age of the World, 4357. The first year of the two sons of Congal 
Cosgarach^ [son] of Duach Teamrach, son of Miiireadhach Bolgrach, namely, 
Eochaidh Fiadhmuine" and Conaing Begeaglach, over Ireland; the south of 
Ireland belonging to Eochaidh, and the north to Conaing. 

The Age of the World, 436 L After Eochaidh Fiadhmuine and Conaing 
Begeaglach had been five years in the joint sovereignty of Ireland, Eochaidh 
fell by Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, and the sovereignty 
was wrested from Conaing. 

The Age of the World, 4362. The first year of Lughaidh Laimhdliearg', 
son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, in the sovereignty of Ireland, 

The Age of the World, 4368. The seventh of Lughaidh in the sovereignty 
of Ii'eland, when he fell by Conaing, son of Congal. 

enim est corbis seu crates minus arte contextus. '' Eochaidh Fiadhmuine, pronounced Eochy 

Eochus biennium Hiberniffi accedere prohibitus, Feamoney : i. e. Eochaidh the Huntsman. " As- 

piratum egit e lentribus, ea, qua dixi ratione, suetus erat Eochus cervorum venatione multum 

confectus epibatas sues in litore expositos jubens indulgere : quod illi cognomen Fiadhmuine fecit, 

prtedas a litorum accolis abductas in paronem fiadh nimirum cervum interpretamur, et muin, 

importare." — Lynch. silvam." 

^ Congal Cosgarach. — Keating makes Eochaidh ' Lughaidh Laimhdhearg : i.e. Lughaidh the 

Fiadhmuine and Conaing Begeaglach the sons Eed-handed. " Regno deinde potitus est Luga- 

of Duach Teamhrach. From this it would ap- chus Eochi Uarchesi filius, cognomento Eubri- 

pear that Congal Cosgarach was an alias name manus, a rubra macula qua; manum inficiebat." 

for Duach Teamhrach. — Lynch, 



66 awNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [4369. 

Qoip Domain, ceirjie nule rjii ceo y^fpccac a naoi. Qn ceo bliaoain oo 
Conaing bfjeajlach, mac Conjail, i pije nGiieann innpin ooin&ip. 

Qoip Domain, ceiujie mile cpi ceD oclicmojac a liochc. lap mbeic piche 
bliaDain hi pije nGpeann Do Conainj becceaglach Do cfp let liQpc mac 
CuijDeacli. Ctp aipe Do beipci Conaing bfseaslacb ppip ap ni po gab orhan 
ppip nach aon e cen po rhaip. 

Ctoip Domain, ceicpe mile rpi ceD ochrmojac a naoi. Qn ceD blia&am 
DQpc, mac Luijoeacli, mic Garac Uaipcfp, bi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceD nocac acfraip. lap mbeir pe bliabna 
1 pije nGpeann DQpc, mac CuijDeacb, po pocbaip la piaca Uolgpac -| la a 
mac Oiiacb LaDpac. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceo nocbar a ctiig. Qn ceiD bliabain 
opiacbaiD Uolccpacb hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cficpe ceD a cfcaip. lap mbeicb Deicb mbliaDna 
bi pije nGpeann opiacbaiD Colgpacb, mac TTIuipfDbaig bolccpaij, do cfp la 
bOilioll mac Qipc i mboipinD. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceicpe ceD a CU15. Qn ceD blmoain oOilioll 
pionn, mac Qipc, mic LiiijDeacb Laimoepcc, op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceD a cuij Decc. lap mbeic enblia&ain 
Dej hi pije nGpeann dOiIioU Pionn, mac Qipc, mic Lui jDeacb LairriDfipj, 
Do po cbaip la bQipjfcmaip -| Id Ouacb LaDjaip bi ccacb Obba. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo ape Decc. Qn ceD bliaoain oGocb- 
ai6 mac Oiliolla pinn bi pi^e nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo picbe aon. lap mbeic peacbc 
mbliaona bi pijbe nGpeann, oGocbaiD, mac Oiliolla pinn. Do pocbaip Id nQip- 
gfcmaip 1 Id Ouacb Laojaip bi nQine. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceicpe ceo picbe a cpi. Qn ceO bliaoain 
oQipgfcmap, mac Sioplaim, hi pij^e nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceO caoccac a Do. Qn oeacbmaO 

"^ Be(jeaglach : i. e. Little-fearing. " He was perterriti peperit." — Li/iich. 

so called because be was never known to be According to the Book of Fenagh, he held 

afraid in his life." — Ann. Clon. his royal residence at Fenagh, in Magh-Rein, in 

"Coningus Impertcrritus viginti annis regna- the present county of Leitrini, where he built a 

vit ne minimo interim pavore in quamvis atroci beautiful stone fort, within which the monastery 

pugna perstrictus ; qua; res illi cognomen Im- of Fenagh was afterwards erected. 



4369] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 67 

The Age of the World, 43G9. Tliis was the first year of Conaing Begeag- 
lach, son of Congal, a second time in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4388. After Conaing Begeaglach had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Art, son of Lughaidh. He was 
called Conaing Begeaglach", because he was never seized with fear of any one 
while he lived. 

The Age of the World, 4389. This was the first year of Art, son of Lugh- 
aidh, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4394. Art, son of Lughaidh, after having been 
six years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Fiacha Tolgrach and his son, 
Duach Ladhrach. 

The Age of the World, 4395. The first year of Fiacha Tolgrach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4404. FiachaTolgrach, son of Muireadhach, after 
having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Oilioll, son of Art, 
in Boirinn'. 

The Age of the World, 4405. This was the first year of Oilioll Finn, son 
of Art, son of Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4415. Oilioll Finn, son of Art, son of Lughaidh 
Laimhdhearg, after having been eleven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell 
by Aii'geatmhar and Duach Ladhghair, in the battle of Odhblia". 

The Age of the World, 4416". This was the first year of Eochaidh, son of 
Oiholl Finn, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4422. Eochaidh, son of Oilioll Finn, after having 
been seven years in tlie sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Airgeatmhar, at Aine". 

The Age of the World, 4423. This was the first year of Airgeatmhar, son 
of Sirlamh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4452. The thirtieth year of Airgeatmhar in the 

1 Boirinn. — Now Burrin, a celebrated rocky " Odhbha. — See A. M. 302, siqwa. 

territory, now a barony, in the nortli of tlie " Aine : i. e. Knockany, near Bruff, in the 

county of Clare. The name, which enters county of Limerick. It is stated in the Annals 

largely into the topographical names through- of Clonmacnoise, that " King Eochy was then at 

out Ireland, is derived, in a manuscript in Trin. the Faire of Cnockayne, where Argedwar and 

Coll. Dublin, H. 2. 15, p. 180, col. 2, line 23, Dwagli came unawares upon him, and slew him 

from bopp, great, and onn, a stone or rock. and many of the nobility of Munster." 

k2 



68 awNaca Rio^hachca eipeaNW. [4453. 

bbabain piclifc DQijisfcmap In piglie nGpeann 50 ccopchaip Id Ouach La6- 
]iac -] la Luccaib Laighbe mac Gachach. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cfirpe ceD caogac a cpf. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
Duacli Canjpach, mac piachac Colgpaij, I11 piglie nepeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cfirpe ceo ]^ea|'ccar a Do. Q Dcich Do Duach 
LaDgpach In piglie n6peann 50 ccopcaip la LiijaiD CaijDe. 

Qoiy" Domain, cfirpe mile cfifpe ceD feapccac a cpf. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
LiighaiD LaijDe hi pije nGpeann innyin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cficpe ceD peapccar anaoi. lap mbeir peachc 
mbliaDna hi pije nGpeann Do LujhaiD Laghbe Do ceap la hQoD Ruaoh, 
mac mboDaipn, mic Qipjfomaip. 

Qoiy^ Domain, ceirpe mile ceirpe ceD jpeaccmojac. Qn ceD bliabain 
dQo6 Puab, mac babaipn, hi pighe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cfirpe ceD peachcmojac ape. lap mbeic peachc 
mbliaona hi pije nGpeann oQob Ruab, mac babaipn, po pagoib an pije ag 
Oichopba, mac Oemain, lap ccaicfm an cfiD pealoiD do bubein, ap po baciip 
para poip ima cealjao uab 1 ccionn peachr mbliabna Do Oiofopba, 1 ap 
Dmropba bfop ima legab uab Do Ciombaoch lap peachc mblfoDna oile, ") 
arhlaib pin lap nupD 50 popbab a pplaca. Qp aipe do ponpac an chopa I'pin 
immon pije ap pobrap meic rpf nDfpbparap. 

Qoip Domain, cfircpe mile cfirpe ceD peachcmojac, apfcc. Qn ceD 
bliabain Do Oioropba, mac Oemain, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile cfifpe ceo ochcmojac arpi. lap mbeif peachc 
mbliabna hi pije nGpeann do Oiofopba, mac Oemain, po pajaib an pije 05 
Ciombaof, mac pionncain, uaip ba do painic an peal lap nOiofopba. 

Qoip Domuin, cficpe mile cfifpe ceo ochcmoj^ac a cffaip. Qn ceD 
bliabain Do Ciombaof mac pionncain In pi je nGpeann mnpin. 

" Duadi Ladligrach : i.e. Duach the Vindic- tolls a strange legend to account for this name, 
tive, or quick avenger of wrongs. " Appellatus ' Injunctions. — " These were three kings of 

est Ladhrach quasi luathatjra, id est pra;propera Ireland at once. All were kinsmen, Hugh, 

pcena; repetitio, quod quem in flagranti delicto Dehorba, and Kimboye; and because they livf d 

reprehcndisset non eum loco excedere ante datas together in some contention for the kingdom, 

admissi scelcris poenas passus est." — Lynch. for their better peace and security there was 

P Lughaidh Laighdhe Anglicised Lowaye order taken, for their agreement in their govern- 

Laye by Mageoghegan in the Ann. Clon. Keating ment, that each of them should rule seven 



4453.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 69 

sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Duach Ladhgrach and Lugliaidh Laigh- 
dhe, son of Eochaidli. 

The Age of the World, 4453. The first year of Duach Ladhgracli°, son 
of Fiacha Tolgrach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4462. The tenth year of Duach Ladhgrach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Lughaidh Laighdlie. 

The Age of the World, 4463. This was the first year of Lughaidh Laigh- 
dhe"" in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4469. Lughaidh Laighdhe, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Aedh Ruadh, son of Bodharn, 
son of Airgeatmhar. 

The Age of the World, 4470. The first year of Aedh Ruadh, son of 
Badliarn, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4476. Aedh Ruadh, son of Badharn, after having 
been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, left the sovereignty to Dithorba, 
son of Deman, after having spent the first period himself, for there were injunc- 
tions' upon him to resign it to Dithorba at the end of seven years ; and on 
Dithorba, also, to resign it to Cimbaeth at the end of seven years more ; and 
so in succession to the end of their reigns [lives]. The reason that they made 
this agreement respecting the sovereignty was, because they were the sons of 
three brothers. 

The Age of the World, 4477. The first year of Dithorba, son of Deman, 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4483. Dithorba, son of Deman, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned the kingdom to Cimbaeth, 
son of Fintan, for his was the turn after Dithorba. 

The Age of the World, 4484. This was the first year of Cimbaeth, son 
of Fintan, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

years orderly, one after another, without impe- break what they could ; the poets to chide and 

diment of any of the rest; and for making good scould at them in their Rhymes and writtings, 

the same there were seven Magitians, seven with as great a disgrace as they might invent, 

poets, and seven principal Lords of the Ulster which was a thing in these days much feared 

nobility, chosen out to see that agreement firmly by the Irish nation ; and the seven principal 

kept. The Magitians by their art to work Lords to follow and prosecute the violator with 

against him that would the said agreement tire and sword. But all this was not necessary 



70 aNNQf^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [4490. 

Qoip Domain, cfiqie mile cfifpe cet) nocliac. lap mbfic jpeachc mbliabna 
111 pije nGiieann DoCiombaoch, mac pionncain, po pagoib an pijlie aj Q06 
T?ua6, mac babaipn. 

Qoi)'' Domain, cfirpe mile cficpe ceD nocliac a y^eachr. lap mbeir feaclic 
mbliaona In pije nGpeonn an Dapa peaclic oQoD Ruaoli, mac baoaipn, po 
pagaib an pije aj Dioropba t»o piDipi. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cfirpe ceD nocliac a boclic. Qn ceD bliabain 
DO Diochopba, mac Oeniain, an Dapa peace po gab pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile C1115 cec a cfcaip. lap mbfic peaclic mbliaDna 
Do Oiocopba Don ciip pin hi piglie nGpeann po pajoib a peal ag Ciombaoc, 
mac pionncuin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuij ceD a cuij. Qn ceo bliabain Do Ciom- 
baoc an Dapa peaclic po jab pije nGapeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cinj ceo a liaon nDecc. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna DoCiombaoc hi pighe nGpeann, an Dapa peachc, po pagoib an pighe 
a;^ Q06 l?uaD, mac baoaipn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig ceD a Do Decc. Qn ceD bliabam dQoD 
RiiaD, macbabaipn, hi pighe nGpeann (an cjifp peachc pojab an pije) innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ciiig ceD a hochc Decc. lap mbeic pfchc 
mbliaDna hi pije nGpeann dQod Ruab, mac 6aDaipn, (an cpfp peachc po 
gab pighe) po bdibfb 1 nGappRuaiDh, co po habnachc ipin pich op up in fpa, 
conab uaba Do gapap Si'ch QoDa, 1 Gapp Qoba RuaiDh. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile C1115 ceo a naoi Decc. Qn ceD bliabain Do 
Oiochopba, an cpfp peachc po gab pige nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuij ceo piche a cuig. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna Do Oiochopba hi pighe nGpeann (an cpfp peachc) po pagoib an 
pige ag Ciombaoch. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cing cec piche a['e. Qn ceo bliabain do Ciom- 
baech i pige nGpeann an cpfp peachc po gab an pige innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig ceD cpiocac ctDo. lap mbfic peachc 

for preservation of their agreement, for they did name), leaving no issue Lchind him but one only 

agree without any square at all, till at last Daughter, Macha Mongroe ; in English, Macha 

Hugh Roe was drowned in Easroe (of whom of the red hair." — Annals nf Clonmacnoise. 
that Easse, or falling of the water, took the ' Sith-Aedha: i. e. hill or tumulus of Acdh, 



4490.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 71 

The Age of the World, 4490. Cimbaeth, son of Fintan, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Irehxnd, resigned the kingdom to Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Badharn. 

The Age of the World, 4497. Aedh Ruadli, son of Badharn, after having 
been, for the second time, seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned 
the kingdom to Dithorba again. 

The Age of the World, 4498. The first year of Dithorba, son of Deraan, 
the second time that he assumed the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4504. Dithorba, after having been on that [second] 
occasion seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, gave his turn to Cimbaeth, 
son of Fintan. 

The Age of the World, 4505. The first year of Cimbaeth, the second 
time that he assumed the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4511. Cimbaeth, after having been for the second 
time in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned the kingdom to Aedh Ruadh, son 
of Badharn. 

The Age of the World, 4512. This was the first year of Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Badharn, in the sovereignty of Ireland, the third time that he assumed 
the government. 

The Age of the World, 4518. Aedh Ruadh, son of Badharn, after he had 
been (the third time that he assumed the government) seven years in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, was drowned in Eas Ruaidh, and buried in the mound over 
the margin of the cataract ; so that from him Sith-Aedha' and Eas-Aedha' 
are called. 

The Age of the World, 4519. The third year of Dithorba, the third time 
that he took the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4525. After Dithorba had been in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland (the third time), he resigned the kingdom to Cimbaeth. 

The Age of the World, 4526. This was the first year of Cimbaeth in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, the third time that he took the sovereignty. 

The Age of the World, 4532. After Cimbaeth had been seven years in 

now Mullaghsliee at Ballyshannon See notes taract or waterfall, now Assaroe, or the Salmon 

under A. D. 1597 and 1599. Leap, on the EiverErne, at Ballyshannon. — See 

' Eas-Aedha Ruaidh: i. e. Aedh Euadh's ca- notes at A. D. 1184 and 1 194. 



aNHaf,a Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[4533. 



mbliabna In pije nGpear.n do Cimbaof on cpfp peacVir, jio ]iai6 TTlaca injfn 
CtoDa r?uai6, mic ba6ai|in, ba le feal a harap Don piglie. Qcbfpc Oiochopba 
-] Ciombaocli nd ciobpaoafp piglie Do rhriaoi. peachaip carh fcoppa, bpipip 
THaclia poppa 50 pop lonnapb Oiocliopba co na cloinn hi cConnachcaib co 
copcoip 1 cCopcinn. Do bfpc mppin Ciotnbaouh cuicce Do ceili Di,-) Do beip 
in pisbe DO. Do clioiDpi laporh na haonap hi cConnachcaib, "| cug clann 
Diochopba 16 1 nDaopcfnsal co hUlcoib a lop a nfipc,"] Do bfpc lao po cpom 
Daoipe 50 po claiDpfc Pcic Garhna di, 50 imaD pi bu6 ppioriicaraip Ula6 Do 

Spep. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cuij ceo cpiocac acpf. Qn ceD bliabain do 
Ciombaoc hi pijhe nGpeann lap na rabaipc cuicce do THacha map cele. 

Ctoip Domain, ceirpe mile ciiij ceo cpiocac anaoi. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna hi pige nGpeann do Ciombaoc mac Pioncain, lap na cabaipc cuice 
DO TTlacha, acbail 1 nGamoin TTlaca. Qp e ceD pi Gamna an Ciombaoch 
hi'pin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile C1115 ceo cfrpacac. Qn ceD bliaDain Do ITlacha 
hi pi^e nGpeann lap neg do Ciombaoc mic pioncainn. 



> To a woman " She, soon after her father's 

death, challenged her father's part of the king- 
dom, due unto her as her proper right, which 
was denied her by Dihorba and King Kimboye, 
saying that it was unfit that a woman should 
govern the kingdom where the issue male had 
not failed, and that it was never seen before. 
Whereupon she challenged them both to yeald 
her battle, which they were ready to do, and 
did accordingly, where King Kimboye was 
overthrown, and King Dihorba slain. Then she 
took upon herself the government as Queen," 
&c Annals of Clomnacnoise. 

The same chronicle gives a long legend about 
the manner in which Queen Macha took, fet- 
tered, and led captive into Ulster the five sons 
of King Dithorba, who afterwards erected the 
rath of Eamhain Macha. The same story is 
also given by Keating; but O'Flaherty (Oj'y^i'rt, 
part iii. c. .36) rejects as fabulous the captivity 
of the sons of Dithorba, and their having built 



Eamhain-Macha, or Emania, in atonement for 
their crimes and for the recovery of their liberty. 
He says that Cimbaeth was the first founder of 
Emania, and the first who resided there. Tigher- 
nach, who died in the year 1088, and who is the 
most accurate of the Irish annalists, states that 
all the monuments of the Scoti, to the time of 
Cimbaeth, are uncertain. " Omnia monumenta 
Scotorum usque Cimbaeth incerta erant." With 
this O'Flaherty agrees, and he has shewn in the 
second part of his Ogygia that the periods of the 
Ulster kings, from Cimbaeth to the destruction 
of Emania, are supported by accurate records ; 
but he confesses that the period preceding the 
reign of Cimbaeth is not so supported. — See 
O'Conor's Prokgom. ad Annales, pp. xxxviii. 
slvii. Ixv. xcviii. and cii. 

" Eamhain. — Usually latinized Emania, now 
corrupted in English to the Navan Fort (from 
the Irish an Suriiain), a very large rath, situated 
about two miles to th(; west of Armagh. — See 



4533] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRP^LAND. 73 

the sovereignty of Ireland for tlie third time, Macha, daughter of Aedh Ruadli, 
son of Badharn, said that lier father's turn to the sovereignty was hcr's. 
Dithorba and Cimbaeth said that they would not give the sovereignty to a 
woman'. A battle was fought between them ; Macha defeated them, and ex- 
pelled Dithoi'ba, with his sons, into Connaught, so that he was slain in Corann. 
She afterwards took to her Cimbaeth as husband, and gave him the sovereignty. 
She afterwards proceeded alone into Connaught, and brought the sons of 
Dithorba with her in fetters to Ulster, by virtue of her strength, and placed 
them in great servitude, until they should erect the fort of Eamhain", that it 
might always be the chief city of Uladh [Ulster]. 

The Age of the World, 4533. The first year of Cimbaeth in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, after Macha had taken him to her as husband". 

The Age of the World, 4539. Cimbaeth, son of Fintan, having been seven 
j^ears in the sovereignty of Ireland, after he had been taken to her [as husband] 
by Macha, died at Eamhain-Macha. This Cimbaeth was the first king of 
Eamhain. 

The Age of the World, 4540. The first year of Macha in the sovereignty 
of Ireland, after the death of Cimbaeth, son of Fintan. 



note ', under the year 1387. It is stated in lator's, or a remark by the original compiler of 

Cormao's Glossary, and iu various other au- the Chronicle : 

thorities, that Eamhain was so called because " In the same (Eath), she (Macha) and the 

Macha described the outline of the rath by the Kings of Ulster, her successors, kept their pal- 

eo, or pin, which fastened her cloak. Keating's lace and place of residence for the space of 855 

derivation of it is translated by Dr. Lynch as years after. It was built 450 years before the 

follows : birth of Jesus Christ, and was rased and broken 

" Ilia" [Macha] " aurea fibula quas tegmen down again for spight to Clanna-Kowrie by the 

extimum circa coUum astringebat, extracts, three brothers. Three Collas, sons of Eochie 

Palatii aream dimensa est et descripsit. Illi" Dowlen, who was son of King Carbry Liife- 

[Dithorbi filii] " opus aggressi Palatium ex- char." 

truxerunt Eomhuin-Machain appellatum quasi " As husband, — Dr. O'Conor has the following 

subulam colli Macha; : eo enim subula, et muin, short entry, which be says is inserted in a more 

collum significat." modern hand in the Stowe copy: 

The following remark on the date of the erec- " Ctoip Domain, ceirpi mile ciiij ceo cpio- 

tion and period of the destruction of this fort is chac a hocr. Ct pe do Cimbcior. Remap 

given in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- ajur Dejpollariinacc Chimbaor pop 6pe 

nals of Clonmacnoise; but the Editor cannot uile." 
say whether it is an interpolation of the trans- " The Age of the World, 4538. The sixth of 



74 



aNMaf^a Rio^hachca emeawH. 



[4546. 



Ctoi)-" Domain, cfirjie mile cuij ceo cfqiacac ape. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliQDna In pije n6pearin do ITlaclia monjpuaiD, injfn QoDa r?iiaiD, mic 
babaipn, Docfp la l?eaclicaiD RijDfpcc, mac LuijDeach. Qp lif ITlaclia po 
popail pop macoib Oioropba (lap na ccabaipc po Daoipe) Paicli Gaitina do 
claiDe, 5oma6 y\ ppiomcaraip Ulab Do jpfp, amail po pempaibpfm, -] ba he 
Ciombaoc-) TTlacba po oil Ujaine ITlop. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cuig ceD cfrpacac a peachc. Ctn ceo Bliabain 
DO ReachcaiD RisDfpcc, mac Cuigbeach, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cuig ceD peapccac ape. lap mbfic piche 
bliabain i pije nGpeann do ReachcaiD PijDfpcc, mac Luijoeac, Do pochaip 
la hUjaine TTlop a nDiojail a buime .1. TTlaca TTlonspuab. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cuig ceo peapccac a peachc. C[n ceD bliabain 
DUghame Tllop, mac Gachach buabaigh, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Doiiiain, cfifpe mile pe ceD ape. 1 ppopcfno na bliabna po, lap 
mbfic cfcpacac bliabain comldn DUjaine mop na pi'5 Gpeann -] lapfoip 
Goppa 50 Inomldn 50 muip Uoi]i]iian, Do pochaip la baobchao, 1 cUealac 



Cimbaetli. The rule and good government of 
Cimbaeth over all Ireland." 

" 'That fostered Ugaine Mor " Owgany More, 

son of Eocliie Bwaye, who in and from his 
childhood was nourished and fostered by King 
Kimboye and Queen Macha, as well as if he had 
been their own natural child." — Annals ofClon- 
macnoise. To this the translator adds the fol- 
lowing note : 

" The manner in those days was to bring up 
noblemen's children, especially their friends, in 
princes and great men's houses, and for ever after 
would call them fosterers, and love thcni as well 
as their own natural father." 

' Reachtaidh Righdhearg : i. e. Reachtaidh of 
the Red Wrist. " Righ enim carpum, et dcarg 
rubrum significat." — Lynch. " Ri^ signifies 
the ulna. Ip ulme joipc-etip Reaccuij; Rij- 
oeap^ oe .1. bun pij; oecipj do lii "ijjt-." — 
Keating. 

' Ugaine Mor Flann synchronizes Ugaine 

Mor with I'tuloma'us LaRidcs See Doctor 



O'Conor's Prolegom. ad Annales, p. xlviii. The 
Annals of Clonmacnoise state: "About this 
time the monarchy of the Assyrians was de- 
stroyed by Arbatus, and translated over to the 
Medes." The same annals, as well as the 
O'Clerys, in the Leahhar Gahhala, and also 
Keating and O'Flaherty, state that this mo- 
narch had twenty-two sons and three daughters, 
among whom he divided Ireland into twenty-five 
parts, a division which continued for three hun- 
dred years afterwards, " when the kings of the 
provinces almost quenched the renown thereof." 
The names of these territories, and of the chil- 
dren of Ugaine to whom they were allotted, are 
given with some variations in our ancient ma- 
nuscripts, but the following seems the most 
correct : 1. Breagh, or Bregia, to Cobhthach 
Gael; 2. Muirtheimhnc, in the now county of 
Louth, to Cobhthach Minn ; 3. to Lacghaire 
Lore, the lands about the River Lifiey, in Lein- 
ster; 4. Magh-Fea, in the now county of Carlow, 
to Fuilne; 5. Magh-Nair, to Nar; 6. Magh- 



4546.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



75 



The Age of the World, 45-4G. Macha Mongruadli, daughter of Aedli 
Ruadh, son of Badharu, after slie had been seven years in the sovereignty of 
IreUxnd, was slain by Reachtaidli Righdhearg, son of Lughaidh. It was Macha 
that commanded the sons of Dithorba (after bringing them into servitude) 
to erect the fort of Eamhain, that it might be tlie chief city of Ulster for 
ever, as we have said before ; and it was Cimbaeth and Macha that fostered 
Ugaine Mor". 

The Age of the World, 4547. The first year of Reachtaidli Righdhearg^ 
son of Lughaidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 456G. Reachtaidh Righdhearg, son of Lughaidh, 
after having been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Ugaine 
Mor, in revenge of his foster-mother, i. e. Macha Mongruadh. 

The Age of the World, 4567. This was the first year of Ugaine Mor^, son 
of Eochaidh Buadhach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4606. At the end of this year Ugaine Mor, after he 
had been full forty years king of Ireland, and of the whole of the west of Europe, 
as far as Muir-Toirrian% was slain by Badhbhchadh, at Tealach-an-chosgair", in 



Eaiglme, in Ossory, to Eaiglme ; 7. Magb-Nairbh, 
to Narbh ; 8. Aigcatross, on tlie Kiver Nore, to 
Cinga; 9. Magh-Tarra, to Tair; 10. Treitherne, 
to Triath ; 1 1 . Luacliair-Deaghaidli, in Kerry, to 
Sen; 12. Cluain-Corca-Oiche, in Ui-Fidhglieinte, 
to Bard ; 13. The southern Deisi, to Fergus Gnoi ; 
14. Aidhne, in the diocese of Kilmacduagh, to 
Orb ; 1 5. Moenmhagh, in Clanrickard, in the now 
county of Galway, to Moen; 16. Magh-Aei, in 
the now county of Koscommon, to Sanbh ; 17. 
Cliu-Mail, to Muireadhach Mai; 18. Seolmhagh, 
now the barony of Clare, county of Galway, to 
Eochaidh ; 1 9- Latharna, in the county of An- 
trim, to Latharn ; 20. Midhe, to Marc ; 21. Line, 
or Magh-Line, county of Antrim, to Laegh ; 
22. Corann, in the now county of Sligo, to 
Cairbre ; 23. Magh- Ailbhe, in tlie present county 
of Kildare, to his daughter Ailbhe ; 24. Magh- 
Aeife, otherwise called Magh-Feimheann, now 
Iffa and Offa East, in the county of Tipperary, to 



his daughter Aeife or Eva ; and Magh-Muirisce, 
in the now county of Mayo, to his daughter Mui- 
risc. Of all these sons of Ugaine Mor only two 
left issue, namely, Cobhthach Gael and Laegh- 
aire Lore, from whom all that survive of the 

race of Heremon are descended See Keating's 

History ofli'dand, Haliday's edition, p. 348. 

^ Muir-Toirrian. — O'Flaherty understands 

this to mean the Mediterranean sea See 

Ogy(jia, part iii. c. 39 ; but Magcoghegan, in 
Annales of Clonmacnoise, renders it Tyrrhian, 
by which he means that part of the former wash- 
ing Tuscany. Keating uses the term, through- 
out his Ilistoi-y of Ireland, to denote the Medi- 
terranean sea See Haliday's edition, pp. 256, 

258. 

'' Tealach-an-chosgair : i. e. the Hill of the Vic- 
tory. O'Flaherty (uhi supra) states that he was 
slain on the banks of the Boyne, at a place which 
he calls Kill-Droicheat. 



l2 



76 



awNa^a Rio^hachua eiReawN. 



[4607. 



an copgaip i TTlaij muipeaDa i mbjifjoiB. dp e an cUjaine jin ]io jab 
]mclia na nuile oul aicfibe -| nfmaic]>i6e pop piopa Gpeann 50 coiccfno, jan 
lomcopnarh im pije nGpeann ppia a cloinn ^o bpcich na ppia pi'ol bfop. 

baobchaD, mac Gachoach buabaij, lap nUshaine ITlnp Id 50 Ifir ipin 
pije, 50 pop mapb Laojaipe Lope, mac Ujaine, a noiojjail a afap. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile pe ceo apeaclir. Qn ceD bliabain Do Laojaipe 
Lope, mae Ujaine TTIhoip, hi pije nGpeann mnpin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pe ceD a hoclir. lap mbfir Da BliaDain hi pije 
nGpeann do Laojaipe Lope, mac Ughaine, Do pochaip la Cobchac Caol 
mbpfgh hi eCapman. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pe ceD anaoi. Qn ceD bliaDain Do Cobcaeh 
Caol bhpfj hi pije nGpeann inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceD caojac a hochr. lap mbfir eaogacc 
bliaDain 1 pije nGpeann Do Cobrach Caol bpfj, mac Ugame TTlhoip, Do 
pocaip la LabpaiD Loingpeac, TTlaen mac Oiliolla Qine, co rrpiochaiD pioj 
ime hi nOionn jiij pop bpu bfpba. 



' Oaths. — See Battle of Magli Rath, p. 3, and 
Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill, p. 10, for a 
fuller account of this pagan oath exacted by 
Ugaine from tlie Irish chieftains. 

"* Was killed. — Keating tells a horrible story of 
the treacherous manner in which Cobhthach con- 
trived the murder of Laeghaire Lore or Laegli- 
aire the Murderer, and of the manner in which 
Maen, afterwards called Labhraidh Loingseach, 
was treated by him; but the Irish Annals are 
silent about these details, and, therefore, we 
must regard Keating's story as a poetical in- 
vention. 

' Dinn-righ — See note under A. M. 32G7. 
In a fragment of the Annals of Tighernach, 
preserved in the Bodleian Library at 0.xford, 
Kawlinson, 502, fol. 1, b. col. 1, this fact is also 
mentioned, and the place is called Dinn-l\igh in 
Magh-Ailbhe, and tlic house or palace Bruidhin 
Tuama-Teanbath. The Annals of Clonmacnoise 
also mention this burning of " Cobhthach, toge- 
ther with thirty Irish princes, on the Barrowe 



side, at a place called Dinrye." 

Keating tells a romantic story of the flight of 
Moen, or Labhraidh, to France, and of the man- 
ner in which he was induced to return to Ire- 
land by the lady Moriat, daughter of Scoriat, 
prince of Corcaguiny, in Kerry (now the name 
of a river in tliat territory). According to this 
story, Labhraidli returned to Ireland with a 
force of 2200 men, who brought with them a 
kind of broad-headed lance or javelin, called 
loi^ne, from which the province of Leinster, 
which had been previously called Gailian, re- 
ceived the appellation of Laighin. With these 
he landed in the harbour of Wexford, whence 
he marched to Dinn-righ, on the River Barrow, 
near Leighlin, where he rushed into the palace, 
put the king and thirty of his nobility to the 
sword, and set tlie palace on fire, &c. 

This story, which savours very strongly of 
romance, is diifcrently told in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, 
as follows: 



4G07.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



77 



Magh-Muircadlia, in Bregia. This Ugaine was he who exacted oaths'', by all 
the elements visible and invisible, from the men of Ireland in general, that they 
would never contend for the sovereignty of Ireland with his children or his 
race. 

Badhbhchadh, son of Eochaidh Buadhach, was for a day and a half alter 
Ugaine in the sovereignty of Ireland, when Laeghaire Lore, son of Ugaine, 
slew him, in revenge of his father. 

The Age of the World, 4G07. Tins was the first year of Laeghaire Lore, 
son of LTgaine Mor, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4608. LaeghaireLorc, son of Ugaine, after having 
been two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was killed'' by Cobhthach Cael 
Breagh, at Carman (Wexford). 

The Age of the World, 4G09. This was the first year of Cobhthach Cael 
Breagh in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4Go8. Cobhthach Cael Breagh, son of L'gaine, 
after having been fifty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Labhraidh 
Loingseach, [i. e.] Maen, son of Oilioll Aine, with thirty kings about him, at 
Dinn-righ', on the brink of the Bearbha. 



" Also the said Covhagh slew Oilill Anye, son 
of the said King Logery, after which foul fact 
done, Lawry Longseach," [great] "grandchild 
of king Owgany, and" [grand] "son of Logery 
Lork, was banished by him, who remained many 
years beyond seas, seeking to bring into this 
land foreigners to invade it; and, in the end, 
after long banishment, his great uncle, the king 
of Ireland, made friendship with him, and be- 
stowed upon him and his heirs, for ever, the 
province of Lynster, since which time there 
hath been mortal hatred, strife, and debate, be- 
tween those of the province of Connaught, 
Ulster, and Lynster, the one descending of 
King Covhagh, and the other of his brother. 
King Logery Lork. King Covhagh was invited 
to a feast by his said nephew, Lawrey, and there 
was treacherously burnt, together with thirty 
Irish princes, in his own house, after he had 



reigned 1 7 years. King Covhagh had little care 
of the Irish proverb, which is, that ' one should 
never trust a reconciled adversary.'' This murther 
was committed on the Barrowe side, at a place 
called Dinrye or Deannrye, and divers of the 
nobility were there murthered as aforesaid. 

" Some say that the city of Eoome was 
founded about the beginning of this precedent 
king's reign. 

" Finnoha mac Baiceadha reigned then in 
Eawyn-Macha, as king of Ulster. 

" Lawry Loyngseagh, after thus murthering 
his uncle, succeeded as king of the kingdom. 
The province of Lynster took the name of him" 
\_recte, in his time], "for in the time of his ba- 
nishment he brought divers foreigners into this 
land that were armed with a kind of weapons 
which they brought with them, like pykes or 
spears, which, in Irish, were called Latjnij, and 



78 aHNQ^a Rio^haclica eiReawH. [4659. 

Qoip ooriiain, cfiqie mile f^e ceD caojcic anaoi. Ctn ceo bliabain do Lab- 
]iai6 Loingpeac hi jiije nGpeann. 

Ctoif Domain, cfiqie mile fe ceO pfchcmojac apeacc. lap mbfic naoi 
mbliaDna oecc Do LabpaiD Loinjpeac, TTlaeri mac Oiliolla Ctine, mic Laogaipe 
Luipc, mic UjaineTTloiii, i pije n6peann Do pocaip Id TTlelje TTIolBcac, mac 
Cobraigh Caoil bpfsh. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pe ceD peaclicmojac a hocbr. Qn cen 
bliaoain do TTlelje TTlolbrac, mac Cobraic Cbaoil bpCj, hi pije nGpeann 
innpm. 

Qoip Domain, cfir]ie mile pe ceo nochac a cfraip. lap mbfir peachc 
mbliaona Oej hi pige nGpeann Do TTIelje TTlolbrac, mac Cobraish Caoil 
bpfgh, DO cfp 1 ccar Cldipe Id TTloOcopb. Qn ran po clap a peapc ap ann 
po meabaiD Loch TTlelje po ci'p hi cCoipbpe, conio uaoa ainmnijrfp. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pe ceO nochar a cuij. Qn ceo bliabain Do 
TTlo6co]ib mac Cobraigh Caoirh, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile peachc cceo a haon. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna hi pije nGpeann do TTloOcopb mac Cobraijh Caoim oo pocaip la 
hQenjap Ollam. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile peachc cceo, ao6. Qn ceo bliabain oQenjup 
Ollam, mac Oiliolla, mic Labpaoa, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile pechc cceo anctoi oej. Q hocc Oecc oQensup 
Ollam mac Oiliolla, mic Labpaba, 50 ccopcaip la hlpepeo, mac TTlelje, 1 
bpoipcfno na ]iee hipin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pfchc ceo piche. Qn ceio bliabam olpepeo, 
mac TTlel^e TTIolbraish, hi pi^e nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile pfchc ceo piche ape. lap mbeif pfcc mbliabna 

were never before used iu Ireland, of wlaom the '' Loch 3Iclghe. — Now Lough Melvin, a beau- 

Leynstermen and Leynster itself took the name, tiful lake situated on the confines of the counties 

He reigned 1 4 years, and was slain by Melge, of Fermanagh, Leitrim, and Donegal. — See notes 

son of King Couhagh. under A. D. 1421, 1455. 

" Connor Moyle Mac Fuhie reigned then king ' Cairhre Now the barony of Carbury, in 

of Ulster twelve years." the county of Sligo. No part of Lough Melvin 

f Seventeen years — " Mcylge was king twelve now belongs to this barony, 

years." — Annals of Clonrnacnoise. " Seven years. — " Mocorb was king six years, 

^Claire — SeeA. M. 4169. and was slain by Enos Ollowe. About this 



4659] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 79 

The Age of the World, 4659. The first year of the reign of Labliraidh 
Loingseach in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4677. Labhraidh Loingseach, [i.e.] Maen, son of 
Oilioll Aine, son of Laeghaire Lore, son of Ugaine Mor, after having been nine- 
teen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Melghe Molbhtliach, son 
of Cobhthach Gael Breagh. 

The Age of the World, 4678. This viras the first year of Melghe INIolbh- 
thach, [the Praiseworthy] son of Cobhthach Gael Breagh, in the sovereignty 
of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4694. Melghe Molbhthach, son of Gobhthach 
Gael Breagh, after having been seventeen years*^ in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
fell in the battle of Glaire^, by Modhcorb. When his grave was digging, 
Loch Melghe" burst forth over the land in Cairbre", so that it was named from 
him. 

The Age of the World, 4695. The first year of Modhcorb, son of Cobh- 
thach Gaemh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4701. Modhcorb, son of Gobhthach Gaemh [the 
Comely], after having been seven years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, was 
slain by Aengus OUamh. 

The Age of the World, 4702. The first year of Aenghus OUamh, son of 
Labhraidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4719. The eighteenth' [year] of AenghvisOllamh, 
son of Oilioll, son of Labhraidh ; and he was slain by Irereo, son of Melghe, at 
the end of that time. 

The Age of the World, 4720. The first year of Irereo, son of Melghe 
Molbhthach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4726. Irereo"", son of Melghe, after having been 

time was born that famous poet of the Romans "" Irereo — Mac Curtin and most manuscript 

called Virgil, in a village called Andes, not far copies of Keating's History of Ireland, call this 

from Mantua." monarch laranngleo Fathach, i. e. Iron-fight 

^Eighteenth. — "Enos was king seven years, the Cautious (i. e. suspicex — Lynch); but the 

and at last was slain by Irero, son of Meylge, best copies of Keating and of the Leabhar- 

near about the time Pompeius was overcome of Gabhala have Irereo. O'Flaherty has both 

Julius CEEsar, and driven to take his flight into forms. Flann synchronizes Modhcorb, Aenghus 

Egypt." — Annals of Clonmacnoise. OUamh, and Irereo, with Ptolemy Evergetes. 



80 aNNaf,a iJio^hachca eiReawH. [4727. 

Ill juge n6]ieann oljieiieo, mac TTlelje, Do jiochaip la pfpcoiib inac TTloba 
cuipb. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile j^fcr cceo piche apeachc. Qn ceio Bliabain 
t>piopcopb, mac ITloDa Cuipb, In pije nGpioiin. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile pfcc cceD cpiocac a pfcc. lap mbeir en 
bliabain 065 hi pije nGpionn opiop Copb Do pochaip la Connla Caom mac 
Ipepeo. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile pfcr cceD cpiocac a Tiochc. Qn ceiD Bliabain 
Do Connla Caom I11 pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pfcc cceD caojac a pfcc. lap mbfic piche 
bliabain I11 pije nCpeann Do Conla Caom acbail 1 cUCmpaij. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe pfcc cceD caojac a lioclic. Qn ceD bliabain dOiIioU 
Caippiaclacb, mctc Connla Caoirii, hi pije nCpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile pfcc cceD ochcmojac aoo. lap mbfic cuig 
bliabna piclifc hi pije nGpeann dOiIiU Caippiaclach, mac Connla Caoirh, 
inic Ipepeo, do pochaip la hQoamap mic pipcuipb. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile pfcc cceo ochcmojac a cpi. Qn ceD bliabain 
DQoamap mac pipcnipb, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile pfcc ceD ochcmojac apfcc Qn cuijeab bliab- 
ain DQDomap, mac pipciiipb, hi pi5he nGpeann, 50 ccopcaip la hGochaiD 
nQilclffan. 

Qoip Dorhain, cfifpe mile pfcc cceD ochcmojac a hochc. Qn ceiD 
bliabain DGochaib Qilclfchan hi pighe op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cfifjie mile ochc ceo a cffaip. lap mbfif peachc mbliabna 
Decc hi jiije uap Gpinn DGochaib Qilclfchan, mac OilioUa Caippiaclaich, Do 
pochaip Id pfpj^up popcamail. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile ochc ceo a ciiig. Qn ceo bliabain Dpfpjup 
popcamail, mac bjifpail 5pic, hi pij nGpeann. 

The Annals of Clonmacnoise give Irerco a reign then quietly died in the pallace of Taragh." 

of only six years. — Annals of Clonmacnoise. Keating calls this 

" Eleven years. — " Fearcorb was king seven monarch Connla Cruaidhchcalgach, i. e. Connla, 

years." — Annals of Clonmacnoise. the Hnrdy-trcachorous. Flann synchronizes the 

" Connla Caemh : i. e. Connla the Comely. Irish monarchs, Fearcorb and Connla, with 

" Conley Keywe, alias the Fine, succeeded in Ptolemy Philopater. 

the government of the kingdom four years, and '' OilioU Caisfhiaclach : i. e. Oilioll of the bent 



4727.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 81 

seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Fearcorb, son of Modh- 
corb. 

The Age of the World, 4727. The first year of Fearcorb, son of Modh- 
corb, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4737. After Fearcorb had been eleven years" in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Connla Caemh, son of Irereo. 

The Age of the World, 4738. The first year of Connla Caeinli in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4757. Connla Caemh°, after having been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died at Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 4758. The first year of Oilioll Caisfhiaclach^ son 
of Connla Caemh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4782. After Oilioll Caisfhiaclach, son of Connla 
Caemh, son of Irereo, had been twenty-five years'" in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain by Adamair, son of Fearcorb. 

The Age of the World, 4783. The first year of Adamair, son of Fearcorb, 
over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4787. The fifth year' of Adamair, son of Fear- 
corb, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he was slain by Eochaidh Ailtleathan. 

The Age of the World, 4788. The first year of Eochaidh Ailtleathan in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4804. After Eochaidh Ailtleathan', son of Oilioll 
Caisfhiaclach, had been seventeen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was 
slain by Fearghus Fortamhail. 

The Age of the World, 4805. The first year of Fearghus Fortamhail, son 
of Breasal Breac, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

or crooked Teeth. " Olillus Casfhiaclach, id est, id est tenuis cincinni," by Lynch. Flann syn- 

rugorum dentium." — Lynch. cbronizes Adamar and Eochaidh Foltleathan 

"> Twenty-jive years " Oilell reigned twenty- with Ptolemy Epiphanes. 

five years, and was at last slain by Adamar." — * Eochaidh Ailtleathan: i. e. Eochaidh of the 

Annals of Clonmacnoise. Broad Joints, or of the Broad House. Keating 

' The fifth year. — "Adamar was king five writes his cognomen Foltleathan, which is trans- 
years, and was slain by Eochy Altleahan." — lated " promissi crinis" by Dr. Lynch. The 
Annals of Clonmacnoise. He is called Adhamar Annals of Clonmacnoise give him a reign of only 
Foltchaoin by Keating, and" Adamarusi^o&c/ij/ra, seven years. 

M 



82 awNQf-a Rio^hachca ei^eaNN. [4815. 

CCoip Domain, cfirpe mile ochc ceo a cuij Decc. lap mbfir en bliaoam 
Decc 1 pi^e nGpeann opeapj^up popcamail, macbpfpail bpic, do pochaip Id 
liQon^uf ■Cuiprhfch 1ii ccar Ueampach. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile ochc cceo ape Decc. Qn ceD Bliabain DCtenjup 
Uuipmeuch Uearhpacli hi pi^e n6peann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile ochc cceD peachcmojac acuig. lap mbfic 
y^fpccac bliabain hi pije nGpeann DQen^up Cuipmeach Ufmpach acbail hi 
cUeampuij. Qonjiip Cuipmeach Do jaipm 6e, ap ap cuicce cuipmiDcheap 
paop clanna Si'l nGipeamoin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile ochc cceo pfccmo^ac ape. Qn ceD bliabain 
DO Conctll Collampach, mac Gceppceoil, na pig op 6pinn. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile ochc cceo ochcmojac. lap mbfic CU15 bliaDna 
hi pige nGpeann DoConcill CoUampac, mac Gceppceoil Ufrhpach, mic Gac- 
ach Qilclfcan, do pochaip Id Nia Sebamain. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile ochc cceo ochcmojac ahaon. Qn ceiD bliabain 
do Nia SeDamain, mac Qoctmaip, hi pige nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceifpe mile ochc cceD ochcmojac apfchc. lap mbfic 
pfchc mbbaona hi pije nGpeann Do Nia SeDamain, macQDamaip,Do pochaip 
la hGnna Qijneach. Qp a naimpip an pi'j Niab Sfoamain Do blighcea ba 
"I ellce po aencoma. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile ochc cceD ochcmojac ahochc. Qn ceiD 
bliaDain DGnna Qij^neach op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cfifpe mile naoi cceD a pfchc. lap mbfic piche bliaDain 

' Fearglms Fo7'tamhail: i. e. Fergus the Pow- dictus est." — Lynch. The Four Masters, O'Fla- 
erful or Brave. " Qui, quod eximiii fortitudine herty, and Dr. O'Conor, derive the name differ- 
pro ilia tempestate priEcelleret, Fortainhail, id ently, namely, from cuipmeac, proiijic, because 
est, Strenuus, cognominatus est." — Lynch. The he is the common ancestor of the great families 
Annals of Clonmacnoise give Enos Fortawyle a of Lcath-Chuiun, Alba or Scotland, Dal-liiada, 
reign of twelve years. Flanu synchronizes him and Dal-Fiatach — See Ogyjia, iii. c. 40. The 
with Ptolemy Philometcr. Annals of Clonmacnoise make no allusion to 

" Aenghus Tuinnheach Keating, and from Fiacha Fearmara being an incestuous offspring, 

him Dr. Lynch, explains Tuinnheach, the cog- but speak of Enos Twyrmeach and his two sons 

nomen of this monarch, by nuipeac, i.e. " Pudi- as follows: 

bundus, quia pudore suffundercter, quod prolem " Enos succeeded, and was a very good king. 

ex filia ebrius susceperit ; filius ex hoc incesto He left issue two goodly and noble suns, Enna 

coitu genitus Fiachus Fermara, id est, marinus Ayneagli and Fiagha Fervvara. The most part 



4815.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 83 

The Age of the World, 4815. FearghusFortamhair.sonof BreasalBreac, 
after having been eleven years in the monarchy of Ireland, was slain by Aenghus 
Tuirniheach in the battle of Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 4816. The first year of the reign of Aenghus 
Tuirmheach Teamhrach in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 487.5. Aengus Tuirmheach Teamhrach, after 
having been sixty years in the monarchy of Ireland, died at Teamhair. He 
was called Aenghus Tuirmheach" because the nobility of the race of Eireamhon 
are traced to him. 

The Age of the World, 4876. The first year of Conall Collamhrach, son 
of Ederscel, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4880. Conall Collamhrach, son of Ederscel 
Teamhrah, son of Eochaidh Ailtleathan, after having been five years" in tlie 
sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Nia Sedhamain. 

The Age of the World, 4881. The first year of Nia Sedhamain, son of 
Adhamair, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4887. Nia Sedhamain, son of Adhamair, after 
having been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Enna Aigh- 
neach. It was in the time of the King Nia Sedhamain that the cows and the 
does" were alike milked. 

The Age of the World, 4888. The first year of Enna Aighneach over 
Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4907. Enna Aighneach", son of Aenghus Tuir- 

of the kings of Ireland descended of liis son lamrach by the Latin Columnaris. 

Enna, and the kings of Scotland, for the most ^ The does The cognomen of this monarch 

part, descended of Fiagha, so as the great has reference to the milking of the feaoa, pea^a 

houses of both kingdoms derive their pedigrees or hinds, said to have been effected through the 

from them. He was of the sept of Heremon, incantations of his mother. "Mater ejus, Flidh- 

and reigned 32 years, and then died quietly at isa, sic fascinandi arte fuit instructa, ut filio regi 

Taragh, in his bed." feras damas effecerit non secus ac cicures vaocas, 

" Five years. — The Annals of Clonmacnoise se mulgendas lactariis ultro prEebere." — Lynch. 

agree with the Pour Masters in the regnal years ^ Enna Aighneach Anglicised Enna Ayneagh 

of this and the next reign. Flann synchronises by Mageoghegan in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

Aengus Tuirmeach, Conall Collamhrach, Nia in which he is given a reign of only ten years. 

Sedhamain, and Enna Aighneach, with Ptolemy The cognomen Aighneach is explained oj- 

Evergetes-Physcon. O'Flaherty translates Col- oineac, i. e. perfect hospitality, by Keating. 

m2 



84 awNaca Rioshachca eiReaNH. [4908. 

Til pige nGiieannoGnna Qijnfch, mac Qonjapa Uuipmij Ufrhiiac, do pocaip 
Id Cpiomchann Copccpacli hi ccac QipD Cjierhcainn. 

Qoiy^ oomain, cfifjie mile naoi cceo a lioclic. Qn ceib bliabain do 
Ciiiomlirann Copcc]iacli, mac pdimib, mic pfjigufa Popcamail, hi pige 
TiGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile naoi ceo a haon noecc. lap mbfir cfirpe 
bliaDna hi pije nGpeann Do Cpiomrann Copccpac Do pochaip la T^iiDpuije, 
mac Sirpijhe. 

Cfoip Domain, cfiriie mile naoi cceD a Do Decc. Qn ceiD bliaDain do 
RuDpuije, mac Sirpijhe, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile naoi cceD ochcmojar a haon. lap mbfic yfcr- 
mojac bliaDain hi pije nGpeann do RuDpinje, mac Sicpighe, mic Ouib mic 
porhoip, mic Qipgfcmaip, aDbail i nQip5fc5lionD. Qp lap an RiiDpuije pi 
po meabpar na cacha po po GipinD. Cach Cuipce, each Luachpa, peachr 
ccaca hi cCliu, each ^leanoamnach, each SleiBe TTlip, cacli boipne, each 
Ren, each C(i, car Cuile Silinoe, Da each popcpaipcc. 

Qoip Domain, cfiqie mile naoi cceD ochcmojac a Do. Qn ceiD bliaDain 
DlonDaDmap, mac Nia Sebamain, hi pije op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile naoi cceD nochac. lap mbfic naoi mbliabna 
hi pije nGpeann Dlonnacmap, mac Nia SeDamam, Do pochaip la bpeapal 
boiDiobab, mac RiiDpuije. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi ceD nocha a haon. Qn ceiD bliaDain Do 
bpfpal boiDiobaDh i pishe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuij mile a haon. lap mbfic en bliaDain Decc na pijh op 
Gpinn DO bpeapal boiDioboDh, mac l?uDpui5e,Do pochaip la LujhaiD Luaishne. 
bodp mop I riGpinn hi pfimiiip bpfpail. 

' CrimJtthann Cosgrach: i. e. Crimhthann the Rudhraiglie so long a reign as seventy years. 

Triumphant or Victorious. " Cosgrach, id est, ^ Airgeat-gleann: i. e. the silver glen or valley, 

victor, ideo cognominatus, quod in qu;\m pluri- This was the name of a glen in the barony of 

mis prajliis victoriam reportaverit." — Lynch. Farney, in the county of Monaghan. 

■" Seventy years The Annals of Clonniacnoise '^Ctiirce A place in the territory of Ciaraighe- 

and most Irish authorities agree in this. Flann Chuirche, now aiiff/ice the barony of Kerrycur- 

synchronizesCrimhthann Cosgrach, Kudhraighe, rihy, in the county of Cork. 

Innatmar, Breasal, and Lughaidh Luaighne, ■' Luachair: i. e. Sliabh Luachra in Kerry. 

with Ptolemy Lathirus, and Ptolemy Alexander, ■" Clhi : i. e. Cliu-Mail, a district in the ba- 

from wliich it ai)pears that he did not give rony of Coshlea, and county of Limerick See 



4908.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 85 

meach Teamlirach, after having been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
was slain by Crimhthaun Cosgrach, in the battle of Ard-Crimhthainn. 

The Age of the World, 4908. The first year of Crimhthaun Cosgrach, 
son of Feidhlimidh, son of Fearghus Fortamhail, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4!) II. Crimhthann Cosgrach^, after having been 
four years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Rudhraighe, son of 
Sithrighe. 

The Age of the World, 4912. The first year of Rudhraighe, son of Sith- 
righe, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4981. Rudhraighe, son of Sithrighe, son of Dubh, 
son of Fomhor, son of Airgeatmar, after having been seventy years" in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, died at Airgeat-gleann". It was by this Rudghraighe that 
these battles were won throughout Ireland : the battle of Cuirce"; the battle 
of Luachair'' ; seven battles in Cliu"; the battle of Gleannamhnach*^ ; the battle 
of Sliabh Mis^; the battle of Boirinn''; the battle of Ren'; the battle of Ai"; 
the battle of Cuil-Silinne'; the two battles of Fortrasc". 

The Age of the World, 4982. The first year of Innatmar, son of Nia 
Sedhamain, in sovereignty over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4990. Innatmar, son of Nia Sedhamain, after 
having been nine years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Breasal 
Boidhiobadh, son of Rudraighe. 

The Age of the World, 4991. The first year of Breasal Boidhiobhadh in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5001. Breasal Boidhiobhadh, son of Rudhraighe, 
after having been eleven years king over Ireland, was slain by Lughaidh 
Luaighne. There was a great mortality of kine^ in Ireland in Breasal's reign. 

A. M. 4981, and A. D. 1570. common.— See note under A. D. 1 189. 

I Gleannamhnach Now Glan worth, in the ^Cuil-Silinne. — This was the ancient name of 

barony of Fermoy, and county of Cork. the place where the church of Cill-Cuile-Silinne, 

5 Sliahh Mis Now Slieve Mish, a mountain now Kilcooley, in the barony and county of 

near Tralee in Kerry. — See A. M. 3500. Roscommon, was afterwards erected See A. D. 

^ Boirinn: i.e. Burren, in the north of the 1411, and Appendix, p. 2495. 

county of Clare. — See A. M. 4981. ■" Fortrasc — Not identified. 

' Ren This is probably intended for Magh- " Nine years. — The Annals of Clonmacnoise 

Rein, a plain in county of Leitrim. give this monarch a reign of only three years. 

^ Ai: i.e. of Magh Ai, in the county of Eos- ° Mortality ofhine. — From this mortality he 



86 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [5002. 

Qoiy^ Doriiain, cuicc mile a do. Qn ceiD bliabain do Cugliaib Lunijhne, 
mac lonDacmaiii, hi pije n6|ieann. 

Qoi]^ Domain, cuicc mile a pe Decc. Qn ciiijeao bliabain Decc Do LujliaiD 
Liiai;:;ne, mac lonDocmaip, In pi^e nGpeann, 50 rcopcaip la Congal Clap- 
omfch, mac RuDpiii^e. 

Qoip Domain, CU15 mile a pfclic Decc. Qn ceD bliaoain Do Conjal 
Clapoineach In pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuij mile cpioclia a haon. lap mbfir ciiig bliaDna Decc 
111 ]\}j;& nGpeann do Congal Clapoinfc, mac RuDpuije, Do pochaip la Ouacli 
Oallca OeoDaoli. 

Qoijp Domain, cuig mile cpioclia a Do. Qn ceiD bliaDain Do Ouach Oallca 
DeaDhab, mac Caipbpe Luifcc, In pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ciiig mile cfcpacha a haon. lap ccairfrh Deich mbliabon 
111 pi je nGpeann 60 Ouach Oallca OeaDab, mac Caipbpe Cuipcc, Do pocaip 
Id pachrna pachach. 

Qoip Domain, cmj mile cffpaclia a do. Qn ceiD bliabain ophachcna 
pachach hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, CU15 mile caoga a pfcc. lop mbfic pe bliabna Decc 
Dpachcna pacac, mac Ropa, mic Rubpuije, hi pije nGpeann Do ceap la 
hGochaib pPeblecli. 

Qoip Domain, cuij mile caoja a hochc. Qn ceiD bliabam DGochaib 
peibleach hi pijhe op Gpinn. 

received his cognomen of Bodbiobbadb. "Breas- ' Covgal Claroineach : i.e. Congal of the Flat 

sail Bodivo was king ten years. In his time Face. He is more usually called Clair-ingneach, 

there was such a morren" [murrain] " of cowes i. e. of the Broad Nails. " He did many notable 

in this land as there were no more then left acts of chivalry, as there are great volumes of 

alive but one Bull and one Heifter in the whole history written of liis hardiness and manhood, 

kingdom, which Bull and Heiffer lived in a He was slain by Duach Dalta Dea when he had 

place called Gleann Sawasge." — Annals ofClon- reigned fifteen years." — Annals of Clonmacnoise. 

)/iac«oisc. GleannSamhaisg, or Glen of the Heifer, Flann synchronizes Congal Clairingneach with 

is the name of a remarkable valley in the county Ptolemy Dionysius. 

of Kerry, where this tradition is still vividly 'Duach Dalta Deagliaidh. — Keating states 
remembered. that he was so called because he blinded his 
P Lughaidh Luaighne. — " Loway mac lonamar younger brother, Deaghaidh, lest he might as- 
reigned 25" [^i-ecle 15] "years, and was slain by pire to the sovereignty; but O'Flaherty shews, 
Congal Clareingneach." — Annals of Clonmac- from the Book of Lecan, fol. 203, a, and from 
nom. O'Duvegan's Book, fol. 81, a, and from Gilla- 



5002.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 87 

The Age of the World, 5002. The first year of the reign of Lugliaidh 
Luaighne, son of Innatmar, in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5016. Tlie fifteenth year of Lughaidli L^laighne^ 
son of Innatmar, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Congal Cla- 
roineach, son of Rudhraighe. 

The Age of the World, 5017. The first year of Congal Claroineach m 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5031. Congal Claroineach', son of Eudhraighe, 
after having been fifteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Duacli 
Dallta Deadhadh. 

The Age of the World, 5032. The first year of Duach Dallta Deadhadh^ 
son of Cairbre Lusg, in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5041. Duach Dallta Deadhadh, son of Cairbre 
Lusg, after having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by 
Fachtna Fathach. 

The Age of the World, 5042. The first year of Fachtna Fathach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5057. Fachtna Fathach', son of Rossa, son of 
Rudhraighe, after having been sixteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was 
slain by Eochaidh Feidhleach. 

The Age of the World, 5058. The first year of Eochaidh Feidhleach' in 
the sovereignty over Ireland. 

Caemham's poem, written in the twelfth cen- or Wise. The Annals of Clonmacnoise give him 

tury, that he had no brother of that name, but a reign of twenty-four years, and Flann synchro- 

that he was called Dalta Deaghaidh, i. e. the nises him with Cleopatra. 

Alumnus or Foster-son of Deaghaidh, son of Sen, ' Eochaidh Feidhleach. — Keating explains 

of the Ernaans of Munster. — See Ogygia, part iii. Feidhleach as " constant sighing." This mo- 

c. 42 ; and also Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena ad narch rescinded the division of Ireland into 

Annales, p. xxiii. The Annals of Clonmacnoise twenty-five parts, which had been made three 

give this monarch a reign of only seven years, centuries before his time by the monarch 

and state that he " was slain by Faghtna Fagh- Ugaine Mor, and divided the kingdom into five 

agh about the time that Julius Ca;sar was mur- provinces, over each of which he appointed a 

dered in the senate by Brutus and Cassius." pentarch or provincial king, who was obedient 

O'Flaherty adds (ubi snpra) that he was slain and tributary to himself. These were: Fearghus, 

in the battle of Ardbrestino. son of Leide, King of Uladh or Ulster; Deagh- 

^ Fachtna Fathach : i. e. Fachtna the Cautious aidh, son of Sen, and his relative Tighernach, 



88 aNNaf,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [5069. 

Qoip Dorhmn, C1115 mile peapcca a naoi. lap mbfir Da bliabain Decc hi 
jiijlie nGpeann oGocham pfibleach, mac Pino, mic pioriolojlia, acbail 1 
rcfmpaij. 

Qoi)-' Domain, ci'iicc mile peaclirmojac. Ctn ceiD bliaDain oGochaiD 
Qipfiii (Dfpbjiacliaip Garhacli pfibli^) I11 pi^e nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ciiicc mile ochcmojac a cfcaip. lap ccairfm coij mbliabna 
noecc 111 pige nGpeann oGochaiD Qipfm po loipcceaD Id Siojmall In pPpfrh- 
ainD. 

Qoip Domain, cincc mile oclicmojnc a CU15. Qn ceo Blia&ain oGoepipcel, 
mac Gojam, mic Oiliolla, na pi'^ 6p Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, C1115 mile ochcmojac anaoi. lap crocaiffm cnicc mbliaDan 
111 pijlie nGpeann oGoeppcel, mac Gogain, mic OilioUa, do pochaip la 
NuaDa Neaclic, 1 nQillinD. 

Ctoip Domain, cuicc mile nocliac. lap ccairfrh Ifictliabna In pijlie 
nGpeann Do MuaDa Mfchc, mac SeDna Sirbaicc, copcaip hi ccar Cliach 1 
nUib Dpnna Id Conaipe TTIop. LeirBliabain corhplaifip cloinne Gimhip pino 
hi ccfnn na leir bliaban po Nuabac Nfcc comldnaigfp nochac ap cuig mile 
bliabain 1 naoip Domain. 

Qoip Domain, ciiicc mile nocha a haon. Qn ceiD bliabain uo Conaipe 
TTlop, mac Gceppceoil, 1 pije nGpeann. 

Tedbhannacli, Kings of tlie two Munsters ; Rossa a ludicrous size in her fairy state. 

Euadh, son of Foarglius, King of Leinster ; Oi- ^ Eochaidh Aireamh Keating says that he 

lioll, who was married to Meadhbh, the mo- received the cognomen of 4zVea?»^, " the Grave- 

narch's daughter, King of Connaught. Flann digger," because he was the first who had a 

synchronises Fearghus, son of Leide, with Oc- grave dug in Ireland. '^Aireamh ideo dictus, 

tavianus Augustus See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, quod tumulos effodi primus in Hibernia cura- 

part iii. c. 43. This monarch had three sons, verit." — Lynch. 

Breas, Nar, and Lothar, commonly called the Contemporary with Eoohaidh was Fearghus 

three Finns of Eamhain; and six daughters, Mac Koich, King of Ulster, who being de- 

Mumhain, Eile, Meadhbh, Deirdre, Clothra, and throned by Conchobhar Mac Nessa, fled to Con- 

Eithne, of whom strange stories are told in an- naught, and placed himself under the protection 

cicnt Irish manuscripts; but of all his children of Oilioll and Meadhbh, king and queen of that 

by far the most celebrated was Meadhbh or Mab, province, and, having procured their aid, he 

who is still remembered as the queen of the commenced hostilities with Ulster, which were 

fairies of the Irish, and the Queen Mab of Spen- vigorously carried on for seven years. This war 

ser'sFaery Queen, in which this powerful virago, between Ulster and Connaught is described in 

queen and quean of Connaught, is diminished to the Irish work called Tain Bo Cuai/</ne, and 



5069] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 89 

The Age of the "World, 5069. Eochaidh Feidhleach, son of Finn, son of 
Finnlogha, after having been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died 
at Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 5070. The first year of Eochaidh Aireamh (bro- 
ther of Eochaidh Feidhleach) in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5084. Eochaidh Aireamh", after having been 
fifteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was burned by Sighmall, at Freanih- 
ainn". 

The Age of the World, 5085. Tlie first year of Edorscel, son of Oilioll, 
as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5089. Ederscel, son of Eoghan, son of Oilioll, after 
having been five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain byNuadhaNeacht, 
at Aillinn". 

The Age of the World, 5090. Nuadha Neacht\ son of Sedna Sithbhaic, 
after having spent half a year in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell in the battle 
of Cliach, in Ui Drona', by Conaire Mor. The half year of the joint reign of 
Clanu-Eimhir-Finn, being added to this half year of Nuadha Neacht, completes 
ninety and five thousand years of the age of the world. 

The Age of the World, 5091. The first year of Conaire Mor, son of 
Ederscel, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

other romantic tales, iu which the extraordinary applied to a lofty hill rising over the western 

valour of the heroes of the Craebh Ruadh, or shore of f-oc Uoip, anglice Lough Owel, in the 

Red Branch, in Ulster, and of the Firbolgic sept townland of AVattstown, parish of Portlenion, 

of Connaught called the Ganianradians of Irras, and county of Westmeath. — See the Ordnance 

areblazonedwith poetical exaggerations. Among Map of that county, sheet 11. The Annals of 

the former was Conall Cearnach, the ancestor of Clonniacnoise give this monarch a reign of 

O'More, and Cuchullainn, called by the annalist twenty-five years. The Leahhar-Gahhala of the 

Tigernach, "fortissimus heros Scotorum;" and O'Clerys, p. 130, states that Sighmall dwelt at 

among the latter was Ceat Mac Magach, the bro- Sidh-Neannta, which was the ancient name of 

ther of Oilioll, King of Connaught, and Ferdia jMullaghshee, near Lanesborough, in the county 

MacDamain, the bravest of the Firbolgic cham- of Roscommon. 

pions of Irras, who was slain by Cuchullainn in " Aillinn See A. M. 4169. 

single combat. — See O'Flaherty's Ogyyia, part '' Nuadha Neacht: i. e. Nuadha the Snow- 

iii. cc. 46, 47, 48; and Dr. O'Conor's Prolegom. white. "Is inde sortitus agnomen Neacht quod 

ad Annales, pp. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. nivi (quam neacht significatione reftrt) cutis 

" Freamhainn Keating places this in Teab- candore non cesserit." — Lijt^ch. 

tha. It is now called, anglice, Frewin, and is ' Cliach, in Ui-Drona : i. e. in the barony of 

N 



90 



QNNaca Rioghachca eiReawN. 



[5160. 



Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ceo y^eay^cca. lap mbfic f fchcmojac bliabam 
111 pije nGpeann do ConaiiieTTlop, mac Gcippceoil, do pocaip hi mbpuijin Da 
Dfp5 let Dibeapjaib. Qp a pplaic Conaipe Do cuipeab an ifiuip copcap jac 
bliabna pa rip i nlnbfp Colpa Do ponnpab. Oo jebci beop cna lomaip pop 
blioinD "] bluiaip ppia Imn. No biooh na cfrpa jan comoa a nSpinn ina 
plair, ap rheD an rpi'oba "] an caencorhpaic. Nfp bo roipneac ainbcionach a 
plair, ap nf buinjeab gaoc caipce a liinDlib 6 rhrbon pojhmaip 50 mfbon 
Gappaij. SiiaiU nd peacoaoip na peaoha Daibble a meapa ppia linn. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ceo peapcca a liaon. Qn ceD bliabain oGpinn 
jan pi'jh lap cConaipe. 

Qoip Domain cuij mile ceD peapcca ape. Qn ceiD bliabain Do Lughaib 
Spiab nDfpcc 111 pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile ceD nochac a liaon. lap mbfic pe bliabna pichfc 
111 pijlie nGpeann do Lujhaib Spiab nDfpcc ac bach do curhab. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile ceD nochac aDo. Qon bliabain do Concubap 



Idrone, and county of Carlow. After the fall of 
Nuadha and the defeat of his people, Conaire 
levied a fine on the people of Leinster for the 
killing of his father, and they resigned by a 
solemn treaty to the kings of Munster that 
tract of Ossory extending from Gowran to 
Grian — Ogygia, part iii. c. 44. 

" Bruirjhean-da-Dhearg - Otherwise called 

Bruighean-da-Bhearga. This place is described 
iu Leahhar-na-h- Uidhri, as situated on the River 
Dothair, now the Dodder, near Dublin. A part 
of the name is still preserved in Bothar-na- 
Bruighne, i. e. the road of the Bruighcan, or 
fort, a well-known place on that river. Flann 
synchronizes Eochaidh Fcidhleach, Eochaidh 
Aireamh, Ederscel, Nuadha Neacht, and Conaire, 
with Julius Cffisar and Octavianus Augustus. He 
extends the reign of Conaire over those of the 
Roman emperors Tiberius, Caligula, and Clau- 
dius. The fort or palace of King Canaire was 
luirnt by Aingcel Caeoh, and other desperadoes, 
wliom he had expelled Ireland onaccount of their 
riots and depredations See Ogygia, part iii. c. 45. 



^ Reign of Conaire. — The Annals of Clonmac- 
noise give this monarch a reign of sixty years, 
and add, " Jesus Christ was crucified in his 
time." The Irish writers usually ascribe the 
peace and plenty of the reigns of their monarchs 
to the righteousness of these monarchs; but the 
peace, plenty, and happiness of this particular 
reign, O'Flaherty and others attribute to the 
presence of the Redeemer on earth, when he 
breathed the same air with man, and walked in 

human form among them See Ogygia, part iii. 

c. 45. We have, however, no evidence of the 
prosperity of the reigu of Conaire older than 
the twelfth century, and it is to be suspected 
that the account of the happiness of Ireland 
during his reign is a mere invention of Christian 
writers, for the Irish writers do not at all agree 
as to the reign in which the Redeemer was born. 
In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is stated that 
some " affirm that Jesus Christ, the only be- 
gotten Son of God Almighty, was born of the 
spotless Virgin Mary, aliout the twenty-si.xth 
year of tlie reign of Faghtna Fahagh ; Connor, 



5160.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



91 



The Age of the World, 51G0. Conaire, son of Ederscel, after having been 
seventy years in the sovereignty of IrcUxnd, was slain at Bruighcan-da-Dhearg', 
by insurgents. It was in the reign of Conaire" that the sea annually cast its 
produce ashore, at Inbhear-Colptha'^. Great abundance of nuts were [annually] 
found upon the Boinn [Boyne] and the Buais'' during his time. The cattle 
were without keepers in Ireland in his reign, on account of the greatness of the 
peace and concord. His reign was not thunder-producing or stormy, for the 
wind did not take a hair off the cattle from the middle of Autumn to the mid- 
dle of Spring. Little but the trees bent from the greatness of their fruit during 
his time. 

The Age of the World, 516 L The first year of Ireland without a king, 
after Conaire. 

The Age of the World, 5166. The first year of Lughaidh Sriabh-ndearg 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5191. Lughaidh Sriabh-ndearg*", after having been 
twenty-six years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died of grief. 

The Age of the World, 5192. Conchobhar Abhradhruadh^ son of Finn 



the son of the said Faghtna, being King of 
Ulster, and Oilell mac Eosse King of Con- 
naught." Keating, however, says that Christ 
was born in the twelfth year of the reign of 
Crinihthann Niadhnair, an incestuous offspring, 
of whom such disgusting stories are told that 
we are very willing to regard him as not having 
breathed the same air with the Eedeemer. The 
heroes of the Eed Branch who flourished during 
this and the preceding reigns are much celebrated 
by the Irish writers. 

° Iiibhear-Colptha This was and is still the 

name of the mouth of the River Boyne. 

* Buais Now the Eiver Bush, in the north 

of the county of Antrim. 

* Lughaidh Sriabh-nDearg : i. e. Lughaidh of 
the Red Circles. Keating says he was so called 
because he was marked with red circles round 
his body, a fact which he accounts for by a very 
repulsive legend which O'Flaherty {^Ogygia, 

N 



part iii. c. 49) has proved to be an idle fiction. 
According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise " he 
reigned 25 years, and died of a conceipt he took" 
[grief] " of the death of his wife Dervorgil." 
Flann says that this monarch died in the fifth 
year of the Emperor Vespasian. 

^ Conchobhar Abhradhruadh: i.e. Conchobhar, 
or Conor, of the Reddish Eyelashes, or Eye- 
brows. 

" Supercilia Conchauri rufa cognomentum 
Abhraruadh illi fecerunt, ahhra enim siipercilia, 
et ruadh rufus significat." — Lynch. 

The Annals of Tighernach agree with the 
Four Masters in giving this monarch a reign of 
only one year, namely, the 5 th of Vespasian, 
i. e. A. D. 74. From this Dr. O'Conor con- 
cludes that those Irish writers err who place 
the birth of Christ in the reign of Crimhthann 

Niadhnair See his Prolegom. ad Annales, p. li. 

and from p. Ixxvii. to p. Ixxs. 

2 



92 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [5193. 

C(B|ia6pua6, mac pinn pilfo, mic Ropy^a Ruaib, mic pfpjuj^a Paipjije, In 
pijhe nG]ieann 50 rcopcliaip la Cpiorhcann, mac Luijbeach Sjiiab nofpcc. 

Qoip Domain, cuij mile ceo nochar a cpf. Qn ceio bbaGain do Cpiom- 
rann NiaDndip, mac LuisDeach, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ceo nocha a cfraip. Qn oapa bliabain 00 
Cpiorhrann. 



oaois cpiosu. 



Qn ceo bliabain oaoip CpiopD, "] an rocrmab bliabain Do pijhe Cpiorh- 
rainn Niabndip. 

QoipCpiopc, a naoi. Q ye Decc Do Cpiomrann In pijlie nGpeann, 50 nep- 
bailc 1 nOun Cpiomrainn, 1 nGoaip, lap croibeachc Don eachrpa oippbfipc 
popp a noeachaib. Qp Don eachcpa pin rug laip na peoio abampa imon 
ccappar nopoa, -] imon ppircill noip, 50 rrpib cceDoib jeam jloinibe innre, -| 
imon cCeOai^ cCpiomcainn,lene paineamail ipibe co mbpeachcpab opba. Do 
bCpc cloibfiii carbuabach co niolap nairpeach do maipi 6ip aicbleajcha ap 
na pionnan ann, pciarh co mbocoiDib aip^ic aenjil, pleagh Da nac repnooh 
ofn no 5onca bi, raball ap nacb reillccci upcop niompaiU, -] Da coin 50 

^ Niadhnair Dr. O'Conor translates this patriam retulit, nempe ciirrnm aiireum ; alveo- 

cognomen miles verecundus ; and O'Flalierty un- lum lusorium ex auro, trecentas splendentes 

derstands it to mean " husband of Nair ;" but gemmas pro scrupis habentcm; Phrigium in- 

Keating gives it a far different interpretation : dusium auro intextum; ensem capulo deaurato 

" Tracto cognomine aboriginis pudore, nam .Via sculpturarum varietate decoratum cui ea vis 

perinde est ac pugil, et nair ac pudibundus : inerat, ut semper victoriam rctulerit ; scutum 

etenim ille maximo profundebatur pudore, quod baccis argenteis coelatum ; lanccam vulnus im- 

de matris ac filii coitu genitus fuerit." — Lynch. medicabile semper infligentem; fundum a scope 

^ Duii-Crimhtliaiim : i. e. Crimhthauu's Fort. nunquam abcrrantem ; duos canes venaticos 

This fort was situated on the hill of Howth, and ligamine argcntcs astrictos quod centum cuw - 

its site is occupied by the Bailie's lighthouse. halo''' [ancillis] "estimatum est; cum multis 

' Wonderful jeweU. — Tlie account of this ex- aliis." — p. 12G. 

pedition is given by Keating nearly in the same The Lcnhhar-Gahhala of theO'Clcrys contains 

words as by the Four Masters, and the passage is a poem of seventy-two verses, ascribed to King 

translated into Latin by Dr. Lynch, as follows: Crinihtliann himself, in which he describes the 

" Cremthonus ille paulo ante mortem ab ex- precious articles he brought into Ireland on this 

pcditiono reversus insignia quaidam cimclia in occasion. It begins, IDc'i 00 cooh cm eachcpu 



5193.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 93 

File, son of Rossa Ruadh, son of Fearghus Fairrghe, was one year in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, when he was shiin by Crimlithann, son of Lughaidh Sriabh- 
ndearg. 

The Age of the World, 5193. The first year of Crimhthann Niadhnuir, 
son of Lughaidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5194. The second year of Crimhthann. 



OF THE AGE OF CHRIST. 

The first year of the age of Clirist, and the eighth year of the reign of 
Crimhthann Niadhnair^. 

The Age of Christ, 9. The sixteenth year of Ciimhthann in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, when he died at Dun-Crirahthainn", at Edair, after returning 
from the famous expedition upon which he had gone. It was from this expe- 
dition he brought with him the wonderful jewels', among whicli were a golden 
chariot, and a golden chess-board, [inlaid] with a hundred transparent gems, 
and the Cedach-Crimhthaiun'', whicli was a beautiful cloak, embroidered witli 
gold. He brought a conquering sword, with many serpents of refined massy 
gold inlaid in it ; a shield, with bosses of bright silver; a spear, from tlie wound 
inflicted by which no one recovered ; a sling, from which no ei'ring shot was 

n-uii: i. e. "fortunate" [it was] "tliat I went on tliann's adventure : 

the delightful adventure." But no mention is " It is reported tliat be was brought by a 

made of the countries into which he went. It fairy lady into her palace, where, after great 

is fabled that he was accompanied on this expe- entertainment bestowed upon him, and after 

dition by his Bainleannan, or female sprite, they took their pleasure of one another by 

named Naii; from whom he was called Niadk carnal knowledge, she bestowed a gilt coach 

Nam, i. e. Nair's hero, which is a far more ro- with a sum of money on him as love-token ; 

niantic explanation of the name than that dis- and soon after he died." 

gusting one given by Keating, obviously from O'Flaherty says that this Nair was King 

some Munster calumniator of the race of Here- Crimhthann's queen See Ogi/gia, p. 294. 

mon. The following notice of this expedition '' Cedach-Crimhthainn — Michael O'Clery ex- 

of King Crimhthann is given in the Annals plains the word ceoac by bpoc (a cloak) in his 

of Clonmacnoise ; but it would appear to have Glossary, and adduces the Ceoac Cpioriiruinii 

been interpolated by Mageoghegan, who evi- as an example. From this it is evident that this 

dently had a copy of a romantic tale of Crindi- cloak was celebrated in Irish romantic stories. 



94 



aHNQf-Q Rio^hachca eiReanN. 



[10. 



flaBjiao ngeal cqiccaio fcoppa. Vio bpni ceo curhal an flabpaO hipn maiUe 
le Tin6|ian do j'CDoib oile. 

Qoip Cpiopc, a oeicli. Qn ceO Miaoairi Do ]iije Cai]ip]ie Cinncair, lap 
niapBaD na paojiclann Do cen mocha uarab repna ap an opcom in [lo hoprab 
na Inioiple lap na liQireachruachoib. CtnaD na rpi paoip acpuUacup 
uacha an lonbaiD pin. pepuoliac pionnpfchcnach, orcdo pfol cCuinn CeD- 
cachaij, Uiobpaioe Uijieach, occaD Oal nQpaiDe, -) Copb Olum, occdo 
piojpaiD Gojanaclira In TTluiTiam. Ctjiip cmh laopibe bd hi mbponnaib a 
maifpeac luiDpior raipip. baine injfn pij Qlban ba maraip npeapabach 
Pionnpfccriach, Cpiiipe mjfn pi'gh bpfran maraip Cui]ib 01uim,-| Qine injfn 
pi'^h Sa;ran mdraip Uiobpaioe Uijiijh. 



I Cairbre Cinncait : i. e. Cairbre the Cat- 
headed. Keating states that lie was so called 
because he had ears like those of a cat. In the 
Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys a more de- 
tailed account of the murder of the Milesian 
nobility by the Firbolgic plebeians is given, of 
which the following is a literal translation : 

" The Attacotti of Ireland obtained great sway 
over the nobility, so that the latter were all cut 
off, except those who escaped the slaughter in 
which the nobles were exterminated by the At- 
tacots. The Attacotti afterwards set up Cairbre 
Caitcheann, one of their own race, as their king. 
These are the three nobles that escaped from this 
massacre, namely: Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, 
from whom are descended the race of Conn of the 
Hundred Battles ; Tibraide Tireach, from whom 
arc the Dal- Araidhe ; and Corb Olum, from whom 
are the nobles of the race of EimhearFinn. These 
sons were in their motlicr's wombs when they 
escaped from the massacre of Magh-Cro, in Con- 
naught; and each of the three queens went re- 
spectively over sea. Baine, the daughter of 
the king of Alba, was the mother of Fearadhach ; 
Cruife, the daughter of the king of Britain, was 
the mother of Corb Olum, who was otlierwise 
called Ucirgthcine ; and Aine, the daughter of 
the king of Saxony, was the mother of Tipraide 



Tireach. Evil, indeed, was the condition of 
Ireland in the time of this Cairbre, for the 
earth did not yield its fruits to the Attacotti 
after the great massacre which they had made 
of the nobility of Ireland, so that the corn, 
frtiits, and produce of Ireland were barren ; fur 
there used to be but one grain upon the stalk, 
one acorn upon the oak, and one nut upon the 
hazel. Fruitless were her harbours; milkless 
her cattle; so that a general famine prevailed 
over Ireland during the five years that Cairbre 
was in the sovereignty. Cairbre afterwards 
died, and the Attacotti offered the sovereignty of 
Ireland to Murann, sou of Cairbre. He was a 
truly intelligent and learned man, and said that 
he would not accept of it, as it was not his he- 
reditary right; and, moreover, he said that the 
scarcity and famine would not cease until they 
should send for the three legitimate heirs, to the 
foreign countries" [where they were], "namely, 
Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, Corb Olum, and Ti- 
braide Tireach, and elect Fearadhach as king, for 
to him it was due, because his father" [the last 
monarch] " had been killed in the massacre we 
have mentioned, whence his mother, Baine, had 
escaped. This was done at Morann's suggestion, 
and it was to invite Fearadhach to be elected 
king that Morann sent the celebrated Udhacht 



10.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



95 



discharged ; and two groyliounds, with a silver chain between tliem, which cliaiu 
was worth three hundred cumlials ; with many other precious articles. 

The Age of Christ, 10. The first year of tlie reign of Cairbre Cinncait', after 
he had killed the nobility, except a few who escaped Irom the massacre in which 
the nobles were murdered by the Aitheach Tuatha™. These arc the three nobles 
who escaped from them at that time : Fcaradhach Finnfeachtnach", from whom 
are [sprung] all race of Conn of the Hundred Battles ; Tibraide Tireach", from 
whom are the Dal-Araidlie ; and Corb Olum'', from whom are the kings of the 
Eoghanachts, in Munstor''. And as to these, it was in their mothers' wombs 
they escaped. Baine, daugliter of the king of Alba, was the mother of Fcar- 
adhach Finnfeachtnach ; Cruife, daughter of the king of Britain, was the mother 
of Corb Olum ; and Aine, daughter of the king of Saxony, was the mother of 
Tibraide Tireach. 



or Testament. The nobles were afterwards sent 
for, and the Attacotti swore by Heavea and 
Earth, the Sun, Moon, and all the elements, 
that they would be obedient to them and their 
descendants, as long as the sea should surround 
Ireland. They then came to Ireland aud settled, 
each in his hereditary region, namely, Tipraide 
Tireach, in the east of Ulster ; Corb Olum in 
the south, over Munster ; and Fcaradhach Finn- 
feachtnach, at Teamhair of the Kings." — Page 
134. 

After this follows, in this work, an anonymous 
poem of forty-eight verses on the massacre of the 
Milesian nobility at Magh-Cro, where they were 
entertained at a feast by the Aitheach-Tuatha 
or plebeians, and on the restoration of the lawful 
heir. It begins " Soepclarino 6[ieann uile," 
" the nobles of Ireland all." 

A detailed account of this massacre of the 
Milesian nobility at Magh-Cro, near Knockniaa, 
in the county of Galway, is preserved in a ma- 
nuscript in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin, 
H. 3, 18. It is entitled 6puijean na n-Qireac 
Cuaca, i. e. the Palace of the Attacotti. 

'^Aitheach-Tuatha This name, usually latin- 
ized Attacotti, is interjireted Giganteam-Gentem 



by Dr. O'Conor (Pi-olej. i. 74), but " Plebei- 
orum hominum genus," by Dr. Lynch and 
others. They were the descendants of the 
F"irbolgs and other colonies, who were treated 
as a servile and helot class by the dominant 
Scoti.— See reign of Niall Naeighiallach. 

" Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach: i. e. Fearadliach 
Finn, the Righteous. " peaccm.'c .1. pipenco." 
— U'Cknj. Conn of the Hundred Battles, the 
ancestor of the most distinguished families of 
Ulster and Connaught, was the fourth in descent 
from him ; but the royal family of Leinster is 
not descended from him, so that their ancestor 
also escaped this massacre. 

° Tibraide Tireach. — He was king of Ulster 
lor thirty years and ancestor of Magennis, Mac 
Artan, and other families of the east of Ulster ; 
but there are other chieftain families of the 
race of Rudhraighe, not descended from him, as 
O'More of Leix, O'Conor Kerry, and CConor 
Corcomroc. 

p Corb Olum. — He was otherwise called 
Deirgtheinc, and from him Oilioll Olum, King 
of jMunster, and ancestor of the most powerful 
families of JMunster, was the fourth in descent. 

** Eoijhanachts, in Munster He is also the 






96 aNHaf,a Rio^hachca eiReaww. [14. 

Qoif Cpiofc, a cfraiii Decc. lap mbfir CU15 bliaona In {iijlie riGpeann 
DO Chaijibpe CaiccfnD acbar. Olc rpa po boi Gpe ppia peiiiiiiippiorii, 
aiinbpich a hiocli, ap ni biOD ace en gpaine ap an cconall, eccopcliach a 
hinV)ip, Diopcc a cffpa, nfirhlionmap a mfp, ap nf biob ace aen ofpc ap an 
palai^. 

ITlac oon Caipbpe lupin an ITiopann moipeolacli ppip a paice TTlopann 
mac TTlaoin. 

Qoip Cpioi^c, a CU15 Decc. Qn ceo bliabain Dpfpabacli pionnpfclicnacli 
na pigli op epmn. TTlairli cpa po po boi Gipe ppia linnpiom. Roboap cfpca 
puaimnfch na piona. Uuipmip an ralarh a copab. lapccmap na Innbiopa, 
blfchcmapa na buaip, ceanncpom na coillce. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cpioca a pe. lap ccaicfrh Da bliaDam ap piclncr hi pigbe 
nGpeann opfpabach pionDpfclicnach, mac Cpiomcainn Niabnciip, po ecc hi 
rUfrhpaij^. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cpiocha a pechc. Ctn ceD bliaDain Dpiarach pionD, mac 
Daipe, mic Oluchaij, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpioca anaoi. lap mbfic cpi bliabna hi pighe nGpeann Don 

ancestor of the equally powerful and numerous ajquo illo, vel hie a veritate discederet. Uude 

tribe of Dal-gCais ; but he is not the ancestor vulgari diverbio testium colla Morani anulo 

of the O'Driscolls, so that we must infer that cingi exoptamus." — Lynch, p. 128. 

their ancestor escaped this massacre at Magh- This chain is mentioned in several commen- 

Cro. taries on the Brehon Laws, among the ordeals of 

^ Morann JIac JIaeiii The Leahhai--Gahhala the ancient Irish. Mr. Moore states, in his //in- 
states that, after the inauguration of Fearadhach tory of Ireland, vol. i. p. 123, that " the admi- 
as monarch of Ireland, he appointed Morann, son nistration of this honest counsellor succeeded in 
of CairbreCinuchait, as his chief brehon or judge. earning for his king the honourable title of the 
That this Morann had a sin or chain called Jdh Just;" and that, " under their joint sway the 
Morainn, which, when put around the neck of a whole country enjoyed a lull of tranquillity as 
guilty person, would squeeze him to suffocation, precious as it was rare." But the O'Clerys {ubi 
and,whenput about the neck of an innocent per- supra) assert "that Fcaradhach proceeded to 
son, would expand so as to reach the earth: extirpate the Aitheach-Tuatha, or to put them 

" Moranus ille Carbri iilius, judiciis ferendis under great rent and servitude, to revenge upon 

a Rcge adhibitus, observantissinius a;quitatis them the evil deed they had committed in mur- 

ciiltor, anulum habuit ea virtute pra-ditum, ut dering the nubility of Ireland." — p. 135. 

cujus vis judicii scntentiam pronuntiaturi, vel Flann synchrunizesthelrish monarchsCairbre 

testis testimoninm prolaturi collo circumdatus Niadhnair, Calrbre Caitcheann, and Fearadhach 

flrcte fauces stringeret ; si latum unguem ab Finnfcachtnach, with the Koman emperors Titus 



14] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



97 



TLe Age of Christ, 14. Cairbre Caitcheann, after having been five years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, died. Evil was the state of Ireland during his 
reign ; fruitless her corn, for there used to be but one grain on the stalk ; 
fruitless her rivers ; milkless her cattle ; plentiless her fruit, for there used to 
be but one acorn on the oak. 

Son to this Cairbre was the very intelligent Morann, who was usually called 
Morann mac Maein". 

Tlie Age of Christ, 15. The first year of Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach as 
king over Ireland ; good was Ireland during his time. The seasons were right 
tranquil. The earth brought forth its fruit ; fishful its river-mouths; milkful 
the kine ; heavy-headed the woods. 

The Age of Christ, 36. Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, son of Crimhthann 
Niadhnair, after having spent twenty-two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
died at Teamhair. 

The Age of Christ, 37. The first year of Fiatach Finn, son of Daire, son 
of Dluthach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 39. This Fiatach Finn' (from whom are the Dal- 



and Domitian, and adds, that Domitian died in 
the reign of Fearadhach. Tigeruach totally omits 
Cairbre Cinnchait, as being an usur2]er. Keat- 
ing makes Cairbre Cinnchait succeed Fiacha 
Finolaidh ; but he is clearly wrong, as shewn 
by Dr. Lynch in his translation of Keating's 
work, in which he writes the following remark 
on the misplacing of this plebeian usurper in 
the regal catalogue : 

" Ad primum Cremthono successorem assig- 
nandum Ketingus ad semitam flectit ab Antiquis 
Historicis miuime tritam : nam ille Cremthono 
filium ejusFeradachumFinnfachtnaum: illiCar- 
brium Caticipitem in serie Regum Hibernise 
ponunt: et hanc sententiam, quos vidi Annales 
Hibernioi, omnia metrica Monarcharum Hiber- 
nise alba, et Syuchronorum Liber, Psalterio Cas- 
selensi, et Odugenani miscellaneis insertus, et a 
me in illius apographo, et in hujus autographo 
lectus (in quo illorum Principatum, in singulis 



orbis terrarum Monarchiis, qui a Nino ad Ho- 
norium et Arcadium tenuerunt, series texitur, 
Eegibus Hibernia;, qui synchroni singulis erant 
allextis) sua comprobatione confirmant ; ut pro- 
inde mirer quid Ketingo mentem immisit, ut 
Carbrium, suo motum ordine, non modo post 
memoratum Feradachum, sed etiam post duos 
ejus successores, in regum nomenclatura collo- 
caret. Liceat igitur exun, inter Hibernia; Eeges 
eo loco figere, quem illi veterum omnium His- 
toricorum adstipulatio adstruit." — p. 127. 

' Fiatach Finn : i. e. Fiatach the Fair. Flann 
synchronizes Fiatach Finn and Fiacha Finno- 
laidh with Trajan, the Roman emperor. Tigher- 
nach, who makes Fiacha Finnolaidh succeed his 
father, Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, does not 
mention this Fiatach Finn as monarch of Ire- 
land. He only makes him reign king of Emania, 
or Ulster, for sixteen years, and this seems 
correct, though it may have happened that he 



O 



98 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [40. 

piacach Pionn f o (o crao Dal pPiacacli i nUlcaib) do pocaip la piacha 
pionnpolai6. 

Qoip Cjiiopc, cfr|iaca bbabain. Qn ceD bliabain do ]\^^^he piachach 
pionnpolaiD op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cao^a a pe. lap inbfic pfchc mbliaDna Decc In pighe 
riGpeann opiacIiaiD pionnpolaiD po mapbab e lap na coiccfocliaib cpe 
corhaiple na nQirfchcuacli i nopccain TTloijlie bolj. QciaD na coicceDhaijli 
lap a ccopchaip. Glim mac Connpac pf Ulab, Sanb mac Cfir, mic TTlajacli, 
pigli Connacr, poipbpe mac pine pf muman, i GocbaiD Qincfno pf Caijfn. 
Nf paipjoibpiom Do cloinn acbcmab aen mac bof hi mbpoinn Grne injfn pf 
Qlban, Uuaral aDacoitinaic. 

Qoip Cpiopc, caocca peaclir. Qn ceo bliabam do piglie Glim mic 
Conpac. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pfclirniojar a pe. lap mbfic piche bliabain hi pije op 
Gpinn DGlim mac Conpacli do ]iochaip In ccacli Qiclile la Uuaclial Ufclic- 
map. Do paD Dia Diojla In ccionaiD a mijnfom pop Qirfcliruaroib ppi 
pfimiup Glim ipin pfje .1 Gpe Do bfir gan lorli, gan blioclic, jan mfp, gan 
lapcc, -] gan nac mopmair aile, o po rhapbpac Qiclifchcuanlia piacha pionn- 
olaD iriD opgain TTloije 60I5 50 pe Chuarail Ufchcmaip. 

Ctoip Chpipr, ceo a pe. lap mbfich cpiocha bliabain hi pijhe nGpeann 
DO Uuachal Ufchcmap copcaip Id TTlal mac RocpaiDe ]ii Ulab hi ITloigh 

was a more powerful man than the legitimate the south-east of the county of Cavan, and ex- 
sovereign, tending into Meath See A. M. 3859- 

' Dal-Fiatach: i.e. the tribe or race of Fia- "^ Aichill. — Also written Achaill. According 

tach Finn. This was a warlike tribe seated in to all the copies of the Dinnsenchus, this was 

the present county of Down. In the twelfth the ancient name of the hill of Skreen, near 

century Mac Donlevy, who offered such brave Tara, in the county of Meath. — See O'Flaherty's 

opposition to Sir John De Courcy, was the head Ogi/gia, part iii. c. 45. Flann synchronizes Elim 

of this family. and his successor Tuathal with the Roman Em- 

"i^irtc/i«jP«n?(//io/(7?(Z//; i.e. Fiacha of the white peror Adrian. The Annals of Cloinnacnoise 

Cattle. " A candore quo Hibernia2 boves, illo agi'ee with the Four Masters, giving him a reign 

Rege, insignabantur, cognomen illud adeptus : of twenty years. 

Finn enim candorem, ct olaidh bovem, signifl- >' Tiiatlial Teiichtmliar : i.e. Tuathal the Legi- 

cat." — Lynch, p. 12'). The Annals of Clonuiac- timate. Flann synchronizes this monarch with 

noise give this Fiacha a reign of only seven years, the Roman Emperor, Adrian; and Tighernach, 

'" Moijh-holy. — Now Moybolgue, a parish in who gives him a reign of thirty years, says that 



40.] ANNALS OP^ THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 99 

Fiatach' in Uladli), after having been three years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
was slain by Fiacha Finnfolaidli. 

The Age of Christ, 40. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Finnfolaidli 
over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 56. Fiacha Finnfolaidh", after having been seventeen 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was killed by the provincial kings, at the 
instigation of the Aitheach-Tuatha, in the slaughter of Magh-bolg". These 
were the provincial kings by whom he was killed : Elim, son of Conra, King 
of Ulster ; Sanbh, son of Ceat Mac Magach, King of Connaught ; Foirbre, son 
of Fin, King of Minister ; and Eochaidh Aincheann, King of Leinster. He left 
of children but one son only, who Avas in the Avomb of Eithne, daughter of the 
King of Alba [Scotland]. Tuathal was his [the son's] name. 

The Age of Christ, 57. The fii-st year of the reign of Elim, son of Conra. 

The Age of Christ, 76. Elim, son of Conra, after having been twenty years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain in the battle of Aichill", by Tuathal 
Teachtmhar. God took vengeance on the Aitheach-Tuatha for their evil deed, 
during the time that Elim was in the sovereignty, namely, Ireland was without 
corn, without milk, without fruit, without fish, and without every other great 
advantage, since the Aitheach-Tuatha had killed Fiacha Finnolaidh in the 
slaughter of Magh-Bolg, till the time of Tuathal Teachtmhar. 

The Age of Christ, 106. Tuathal Teachtmhar\ after having been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Mai, son of Rochraidhe, King 

he -was slain in the last year of Antoninus Pius or Attaootti, of Ireland, whom he reduced to 
by Mai. Now Adrian reigned from the death obedience in the various provinces ; of his for- 
of Trajan, A. D. 117 to A. D. 138, when he was mation of Meath as mensal lands for the mo- 
succeeded by Antoninus Pius, who reigned till narchy ; and of his having celebrated the Feis- 
161. Therefore Tuathal's death occurred in Teamhrach, at which the princes and chieftains 
160, which shews that the chronology of the of the kingdom assembled, who all swore by the 
Four Masters is antedated by many years. sun, moon, and all the elements, visible and in- 
The Annals of Clonmacnoise, the Leabhar- visible, that they would never contest the sove- 
Gabhala of the O'Clerys, Keating's History of reignty of Ireland with him or his race ; of his 
Ireland, the Book of Lecan, and various other having established solemn conventions at Tlacht- 
ancient and modern authorities, too numerous gha, Uisneach, and Tailltinn, &c. ; imposed a fine 
to be here particularized, contain detailed ac- on the King of Leinster called the Borumha- 
counts of 1 33 battles fought by him in the dif- Laighean, which was paid by the Leinstermen 
ferent provinces, against the Aitheach-Tuatha, during the reigns of forty monarchs of Ireland. 

o2 



100 



aNwaca uio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[107. 



Line, hi ITloin in cata, i nDal Qpai&e an bail ay a nnb]iuclic OUap -] Ollajiba 
an Da abuinn. Ceanngublm ainm an cnuic in ]io mapbao fom peb Deapbup 

an pann : 

Ollap -| Ollapba, 

Ceann juba cpiachach cuarach, 

niboap anmonoa jan aobap, 

an Id DO mapbaD Uuachal. 

Q5UP arfiail ap pubpaD bfop, 

Cimcal Diap ppine pfponn, 
plaic TTlibe nnilib jalann, 
^aocca plair Ppfmann pinne 
111 pe cnuic ^liTiDe an ^abann. 

Qoip Chpipc, ceD a peacr. Ctn ceo bliaDain do ITlal, mac l?ocpai6e, 
TDic Cacbaoa, hi pije nG'peann. 

Ctoip Cbpipr, ceD a Deic. lap mbeic ceicpe blia&na na pij op Gpino Do 
TTlal, mac RocpaiDe, oo ceap la peiDlimiD Reccmap. 



There is a very curious Irish tract on the ori- 
ginal imposition and final remittance of this 
Borumha, or Cow-tribute, preserved in the Book 
of Lecan, and another copy of it in a vellum 
manuscript in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 2. 18, which has been prepared for 
publication by the Irish Archjeological Society, 
The yearly amount of this tribute is stated as 
follows, in the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

"One hundred and fifty cows; one hundred 
and fifty hoggs; one hundred and fifty cover- 
letts, or pieces of cloth to cover beds withal ; 
one hundred and fifty caldrons, with two passing 
great caldrons consisting in breadth and deep- 
ness five fists, for the king's own brewing; one 
hundred and fifty couples of men and women in 
servitude, to draw water on their backs for the 
said brewing; together with one hundred and 
fifty maids, with the king of Leiuster's own 
daughter, in like bondage and servitude." 

Tlie most ancient authority for the battles 



of Tuathal is in a poem by Maelmura Othna, 
beginning " Cpiar op cpiacaib UuacalUeacc- 
rhap, i. e. Lord over lords was Tuathal Teacht- 
mhar," of which there are various ancient copies 
still preserved. The O'Clerys have inserted into 
their Leabhar-Gabliala this poem and two other 
ancient ones on the marriages and deaths of Tua- 
thal's daughters, but without giving the names 
of the authors. 

' The two rivers, Ollar and OUarbha The 

names of these rivers are now obsolete, but 
there can be no doubt as to their modern names. 
The Ollar is the Six-mile Water, and the 
Ollarbha is the Larne Water. The Larne river 
rises by two heads in the parish of Bally- 
nurc ; the Six-mile Water, in the parish of 
Ballycor, a little south-west of Shane's Hill : 
after a course of about 100 perches it becomes 
the boundary between the parish of Kihvaugh- 
ter, as well as between the baronies of Upper 
Glenarm and Upper Antrim. Following the 



1070 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



101 



of Ulster, in Magh-Linc, at Moin-an-chatha, in Dal-Araidho, where the two 
rivers, Ollar and OUarbha', spring. Ceanngubha is the name of the liill on 
which he was killed, as this quatrain proves : 

Ollar and Ollarbha, 

Ceann-gubha", lordly, noble, 

Are not names [given] without a cause, 

The day that Tuathal was killed. 
And as was also said : 

Tuathal, for whom the land was fair, 

Chief of Meath of a thousand heroes, 

Was wounded, — that chief of fair Freamhainn", — 

On the side of the hill of Gleann-an-Ghabhann*^. 

The Age of Christ, 107. The first year of Mai, son of Rochi'aidhe, in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 110. After Mai, son of Rochraidhe", had been four 
years king over Ireland, he was slain by Feidhlimidh Rechtmhar. 



direction of a ravine, which runs down the face 
of the hill, it arrives at the townland of Head- 
wood, in Kilwaughter parish, near the place 
where the three baronies of Upper Glenarm, 
Upper Antrim, and Lower Belfast. In this 
townland there is a spot where a branch of the 
Six-mile Water can be turned into the Larne 
river; and here is a large bog, probably the 
Moin-an-chatha, or Battle-bog, mentioned in the 
text, lying between the two rivers. On the 
face of Ballyboley Hill, about a quarter of a 
mile to the west, is a place called Carndoo, and 
here, under the brow of the hill, is a pile con- 
sisting of several huge stones, ranged in an 
irregular circle, the space within being chiefly 
occupied by six upright stones, disposed in 
pairs, and supporting two blocks above five feet 
long, and from two to three feet square, laid 

horizontally upon them See Reeves's Ecclesi- 

oMical Antiquities of the Dioceses of Down, Connor, 
and Dromorc, p. 268. 



^ Ceann-githha : i. e. Head, or Hill of Grief. 
This is doubtlessly Ballyboley hill, and Tua- 
thal's monument is the pile at Carndoo above 
described. 

I" Freamhainn A famous hill, rising over 

Loch Uair, or Lough Owel, near the town of 
Mullingar, in Westmeath. 

■^ Gleann-an-Ghabhann: i. e. the Valley of the 
Smith. This was probably the name of that 
part of the valley of the Six-mile Water nearest 
to Ballyboley hill. 

^ Mai, S071 of Rochraidhe — Tighernach does 
not give this Mai as monarch of Ireland, but 
makes Feidhlimidh Eechtmhar immediately suc- 
ceed his father, Tuathal, for nine years; but 
Mai is given as monarch by Flann, who syn- 
chronizes him with Antoninus Pius, and in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which he is said to 
have been contemporaneous with the celebrated 
physician Galen, who flourished from A. D. 143 
to 187. 



102 



awNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[111. 



Qoi]^ Cpiopr, ceo a haon noecc. Qn ceiD bliabain opfiDlnnib r?eccmo|i, 
mac Uuachail Uechcitiniji, na jiigh op Gjiinn. baine injfn Scail indfai)i an 
peolimiD pi. Ctp uaiclie oinTnnijfep Cnoc mbaine la hOipstallniB, a|i ip 
ann po liaDnaichcpi. Ctp le bfop po clapab Rdicli Til op ITlliaiglie Cfmhna 
1 nUlLcoib. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ceo ctnaoi oecc. lap mbfir naoi mblmbna hi pighe nGjieann 
DpfiDlimiD ReachcTTiap acbail. 

Qoip Chpiopr, ceo piche. Qn ceo Bliabam oo Caraoip TPop, mac pei6- 
limib pipiipglaip, In pijlie nGpeann. 

Qoip Clipiopc, ceo piche aoo. lap mblicli rpi bliabna na pij op Gpinn 
oo Cafaoip TTlop oo ceap la Conn, "] la Luaislmibh Uearhpa, hi gear TTloighe 
hQgha. 

Qoip Chpiopc, ceO piche a rpi. Qn ceio bliabain oo Conn Ceocachach 
na pij op Gpinn. Q noibce geine Ciiinn poppich coicc ppi'orhpoio 50 Ufrhpaij 
na po caibbpfoh piam 50 pin. Qciacc a nanmanna, Slighe Qpail, Slijhe 



* Feidhlimidh Reaclitmhar The author of the 

fourth Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan, 
in his Trias Thaum., c. i., says that this monarch 
was called Reachtmor, because he instituted great 
laws, " Reacht enim Scotice Legem sonet." 
Keating says that he was called Reachtmhar, be- 
cause he was the first that established Lex 
tdionis in Ireland ; but O'Flaherty says that 
he changed the law of retaliation into a more 
lenient penalty, according to the nature of the 

crime, which penalty is called eruic Orjugia, 

iii. 57. 

The Book of Lecan, fol. 300, &, places the 
commencement of this monarch's reign in the 
time of M. Aurelius, which agrees with Tigher- 
nach's Annals. Aurelius reigned from A. D. 161 
to 180. 

f Seal. — O'Flaherty (Oyyrjia, part iii. e. 56) 
calls him Seal Balbh, and says that he was 
King of Finland, the inhabitants of which, as 
well as those of Denmark and Norway, were 
called Fomorians by the Irish. 

8 Cnoc-Baiiie : i. e. Baine's hill. This was 



the name of a hill situated in the plain of Magh- 
Leamhna, otherwise called Clossach, in Tyrone; 
but it is now obsolete. 

^ Rath-mor, of Magh-Leamlina: i. e. the Great 
Eath of Magh Leamhna. This was also in Clos- 
sach See A. M. 3727. 

' Luaighni of Teamhair — A people in Meath, 
the position of whom is determined by a passage 
in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. 
c. 10, which places the church of Domhnach- 
mor-Muighe Echenaeh in their territory. 

'' Magh h-Agha According to the Will of 

Cathaeir Mor, as preserved in the Books of Lecan 
and Ballymote, Cathaeir was slain by the Fian 
or militia of Luaighne in the battle of Tailltin. 
Accordingto the Annals of Clonmacnoise, "King 
Cahier's armie was overthrown and himself 
slainc, and buried near the River of Boyne." 
Dr. O'Conor does not seem to believe that Ca- 
thaeir Mor was monarch of Ireland See his 

edition of these Annals, p. 76, note. It is 
curious to remark that in about 1000 years 
after this period the descendants of Conn and 



111.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



103 



The Age of Christ, HI. The first year of the reign of Feidhlimidh 
Reach tmhar^ son of Tuatlial Teachtmhar, as king over Irehmcl. Baine, daugliter 
of Scal^ was the mother of this Feidhlimidli. It was from her Cnoc-Bainc^ in 
OirghiaUa, for it was there she was interred. It was by her also Katli-mor, of 
Magh-Leamhna", in Ulster, was erected. 

The Age of Christ, 119. Feidhlimidh Reach tmhar, after having been nine 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died. 

The Age of Christ, 120. The first year of Cathaeir i\Ior, son of Feidli- 
limidh Firurghlais, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 122. Cathaeir Mor, after having been three years king 
over Ireland, was slain by Conn, and the Luaighni of Teamhair', in the battle 
of Magh h-Agha''. 

The Age of Christ, 123. The first year of Conn of the Hundred Battles 
as king over Ireland. The night of Conn's birth were discovered' five principal 
roads [leading] to Teamhair, which were never observed till then. These are 



Cathaeir contended for power as fiercely as their 
ancestors, namely, Roderic O'Conor, King of 
Connaught and Monarch 50 Bppeci)''aBpa, i. e. 
cum reniteniid, and Dermot Mac Murrough, King 
ofLeinster; for although they could not boast 
of more than one monarch of Ireland in either 
family for a period of at least 1000 years, still 
did each regard himself as fit for the monarchy 
(the one as already crowned, the other as fit 
to be crowned) ; while O'Neill of Ulster, and 
O'Melaghlin of Meath, looked upon both as 
usurpers. In the speech said, by Giraldus Cam- 
brensis, to have been delivered by Dermot Mac 
Murrough to his army, he is represented as 
having spoken as follows : 

" Sed si Lageniam quajrit : quoniam alicui 
Connactensium aliquando subjecta fuit: Ea ra- 
tione et nos Connactiam petimus, quia nostris 
aliquoties cum totius Hibernix subditse fuerat 
monarchia." — Hibernia Expiignata, lib. i. c. 8. 

Dermot here alludes to Dermot, son of Do- 
nough, surnamed Maelnambo, who was his great 
great grandfather, and who, according to the 



Annals of Clonmaonoise, was King of Ireland, 
of the Danes of Dublin, and of Wales, in 1069; 
and to Cathaeir More, from whom he was tlie 
twenty-fourth in descent, for he could boast of 
no other monarch of all Ireland in his family. 
Roderic O'Conor could reckon his own father 
only among the monarchs of his line up to the 
time of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin in the fourth 
century ; for though his ancestor, Brian, was 
the eldest son of this King Eochaidh, yet the 
claims of him and his race were set aside by 
the more warlike race of Niall of the Nine Hos- 
tages, the ancestor of the illustrious family of 
O'Neill, for nearly 1000 years. 

' Were discovered. — This looks as if it was 
believed that these roads sprang into existence 
of their own accord, as if for joy at the birth of 
Conn ; and they are spoken of in this sense by 
Lughaidh O'Clery, in his poetical controversy 
with Teige Mac Dary (see Ogygia, iii. c. 60); 
but the probability is that they were finished 
by King Feidhlimidh the Lawgiver on the birth- 
day of his son. Conn. 



104 



aHNQca Rio^hachca eii?eaNN. 



[157. 



TTlio6luac]ia, Slfglie Cualann, Slighe TTlo]!, Slighe Oala. Slije TTloji r]\a 
ap ipme 6fcci|i Riaoa .1. pabponna Gpeann a Do erip Clionn -\ Gojiian Tn6]i. 
Qoip Clipiopr, ceo caocca a feaclic. lap mbfich CU15 bbaDna cpiocha 
111 piglie nGpeann do Conn CeDcachac copcaip la UiobpaiDe Uipeacli, mac 
mail, mic RochpaiDe, pi Ulablii cUuaich Qmpoip. 



™ Sliijlie-Asail This was a western road ex- 
tending from the hill of Tara, in the direction 
of Loch-Uair (Lough Owel), near Mullingar, in 
Westmeath. A part of this road is distinctly 
referred to in Leabhar-na-hUidhri (fol. 7, h, a), 
as extending from Dun-na-nAii'bhedh to the 
Cross at Tigh-Lomain. 

° Slyhe-Midlduaclira This is often men- 
tioned as a road leading into the north of Ire- 
land, but its exact position has not been deter- 
mined. 

° Slighe- Cualann. — This extended from Tara 
in the direction of Dublin and Bray ; and its 
position was, perhaps, not very different from 
the present mail-coach road. 

■' Slighe- Mor: 1. e. the great way or road- 
This was a western line, the position of which 
is determined by the Eiscir-Riada See note '. 

^ SUghe-Dala This was the great south- 
western road of ancient Ireland, extending 
from the southern side of Tara Hill in the di- 
rection of Ossory. The castle of Bealach-mor, 
in Ossory, marks its position in that territory. 
— See Bealach-mor Muighe-Dala, A. D. 1580. 

■■ The Eiscir-Riada. — This is a continuous line 
of gravel hills, extending from Dublin to Cla- 
rinbridge, in the county of Galway. It is men- 
tioned in ancient Irish manuscripts as extending 
from Duljlin to Clonard, thence to Clonmacnoise 
and Clonburren, and thence to Meadhraighe, a 

peninsula extending into the bay of Galway - 

J Ah. Lecan, fol. 1G7, o, «, and Circuit of Muir- 
cheaiiach Mac Ntill, pp. 44, 45, note 128. 

This division of Ireland into two nearly equal 
parts, between Conn of the Hundred Battles and 
Eoghan Mor, otherwise called Mogh Nuadliat, 



is mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach, 
A. D. 166 ; but no particulars of the battles or 
cause of dispute between these rivals are given 
by that grave annalist. The writer of Cath 
Maighe-Leana, however, gives a minute account 
of the cause of the dispute, and of the battle, 
which savours much of modern times ; and the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Ma- 
geoghegan, contain the following notice of Conn, 
and of the dissension between him and the head 
of the race of Heber, who was king of the 
southern Irish, which also savours strongly of 
modern times. 

" Conn Kedcahagh having thus slain King Ca- 
hire, succeeded himself, and was more famous 
than any of his ancestors for his many victories 
and good government. He was called Conn 
Kedcahagh, of" [i. e. from] " a hundred battles 
given" [i. e. fought] " by him in his time. He 
is the common ancestor, for the most part, of the 
north of Ireland, except the Clanna-Eowries, 
and the sept of Luthus, son of Ithus. He had 
three goodly sons, Conly, Criona, and ArtEnear; 
and three daughters, Moyne" [the mother of 
Fearghus Duibhdeadach, King of Ulster, and 
monarch of Ireland], " Sawe" [Sadhbh or Sab- 
bina], " and Sarad" [the queen of Conaire II]. 
Sawe was married to" [Maicniadh, for whom 
she had Liighaidh Maccon, monarch of Ireland, 
and after his death to Oilioll Olum] " the King 
of Monster, by whom she had many sons, as 
the ancestors of the Macarties, O'Briens, O'Ker- 
vells, O'Mahonics, and divers others of the west" 
[south?] " part of Ireland, by which means they 
have gotten themselves that selected and clioice 
name much used by the Irish poets at the time 



157.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



105 



their names : Slighe-Asair, Slighe-Midhluachra", Slighe-Cualann", Slighe-ISIoiP, 
Sliglio-Dala". Slighe-Mor is [that called] Eiscu--Riada', i. e. the division-line 
of Ireland into two parts, between Conn and Eoghau Mor. 

The Age of Christ, 157. Conn of the Hundred Battles, after having been 
thirty-five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Tibi'aite Tircach, 
son of Mai, son of Rochraidhe, King of Ulster, at Tuath-Amrois'. 



of their commendations and praises, called Sile 
Sawa, whioli is as much in English as the Issue 
of Sawe. 

" Owen More, alias Moynod" [Mogh Nuadhat] 
" warred upon him a long time. He was King 
of Monster, and was so strong that he brought 
the king to divide with him, and allow him, 
as his share, from Esker-Kiada" [southwards] 
" beginning at" [that part of] " Dublin where- 
upon the High-street is set" [i. e. situated], 
"and extending to Ath-Cleyth Mearie, in Tho- 
niond" \_rectc in Connaught], " Owen's share 
was of the south, and of him took the name 
Lehmoye or Moye's half in deale. King Conn's 
share stood of the north part of the said Esker, 
which of him was likewise called Leagh-Conn, 
or Conn's halfe in deale, and they do retain 
these names since. 

" This division of Ireland stood for one year 
after, until Owen More, alias Moynodd, being 
well aided by his brother-in-law, the King of 
Spaine's son, and a great army of Spaniards, 
picked occasion to quarrell and fall out with 
the King for the customs of the Shippings of 
Dublin, alleging that there came more shipps 
of King Conn's side, then" [than] " of his 
side, and that be would needs have the customs 
in common between them, which King Conn 
refused ; whereupon they were encensed migh- 
tily against each other, and met, with their two 
great armies, at the plains and Heath of Jloy- 
lena, in the territory of Fercall, where the ar- 
mies of Owen More were overthrown, himself 
and Fregus, the King of Spaine's son, slain, and 



afterwards hurried in two little Hillocks, now 
to be seen at the said plains, which, as some 
say, are the tombs of the said Owen and Fregus. 

'■ The King having thus slain and vanquished 
his enemies, he reigned peaceably and quietly 
twenty years, with great encrease and plenty 
of all good things among his subjects through- 
out the whole kingdom, so as all, in general, 
had no want, until the King's brothers, Eochie 
Finn and Fiagha Swye, seeing the King had 
three goodly sons. Art, Conly, and Criona, 
which were like to inherit the Crown after 
their father's death, sent privy message to Ti- 
prady Tyreagh, son of King Mall Mac Eoclirye, 
who was slain by Felym Reaghtwar, the said 
King Conn's father ; whereupon the said Ti- 
bradie, with a very willing heart, came up to 
Taragh, accompanied with certain other male- 
factors, assaulted the King at unawares, and 
wilfully killed him, on Tuesday, the 20th of 
October, in Anno 172 [_recte 173], in the 100th 
year of the King's age, as he was making great 
preparations towards the great Feast of Taracrh, 
called Ffeis-Taragh, which j-early, onHollantide, 
and for certain days after, was held." 

^ Tiiatli-Amrois. — Not identified. It must 
have been the name of a district very near the 
hill of Tara, as King Conn was murdered while 
making preparations for the Feis Teamrach, ac- 
cording to the older authorities. 

Flann synchronizes Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar, 
Cathaeir Mor, and Conn of the Hundred Battles, 
with M. Aurelius; and says that Conn Cedcha- 
thach gained the battle of Maghlena in the reign 



106 



awNaca Rioghachca emeawN. 



[158. 



Ctoip Clipifc, ceo caocca a hocc. Ctn ceio bliabain do Conaipe, mac 
TTloDha Carha, hi pijlie uap 6]iinn. 

Qoip Chiiiopc, ceo jpeapcca a cuij. lap mbfich ochc mblia6na hi jiighe 
nGpeann DoChonaipe, mac Tlloba Lama, copcaip la NfimiD mac Spuibginn. 
Upi meic laip an cConaipe hipin, Coipbpe TTlupcc, 6 pairfp ITIupccpaije, 
Caipppe 6apcam, o cca6 baipcnij hi cCopca baipccinn, i Caipppe TJiaca, 

bpuilic Odl Piaca. Sapaio injion Cuinn Ceocarhaij machaip na mac 
pa Conaipe, mic TTlooha Lamha. 

Qoip Chpipc, ceo peapcca ape. Qn ceD bliabain Do pighe Qipr, mic 
Cuinn CcDcarhaij. 

QoipCpiopc, ceo ochcmogac ape. Q haon picfc oCtpc, mac Cuinn CeD- 
carhaig, hi jiije nGpeann. Cach CinD peabpac pia mocaiB Oiliolla Quluim, 

1 piap na cpi Coipbpib (clann Conaipe, mic TTlooa Lama .i.Caipbpe TTlupcc, 
Caipppe Riaoa -j Caipppe bapcain) pop Oaoepa Dpai, pop NemiD mac 



of Commodus. — See Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena, 
pp. xi. xii. xvii. 

' Cairbre Muse. — lie was the ancestor of all 
the tribes called Muscraighe, in Munster, as 
Muscraighe-Breogain, now the barony of Clan- 
william, in the south-west of the county of 
Tipperary ; Muscraighe-Mitine, now the barony 
of Muskerry, in the county of Cork ; and Mus- 
craighe- Thire, now the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Ormond, in the north of the county of 
Tipperary. — Ogygia, iii. c. 63. Dr. O'Brien 
doubts, in his Irish Dictionary, voce Muscrith, 
that the existence of these Carbrys rests on any 
certain historical foundation; but there is as 
much authority from Irish history for the ex- 
istence of these Carbrys, as for any other fact 

belonging to the same period See Leahhar na 

gCeart, p. 42, note '. 

" Baiscnigh This tribe inhabited the district 

now comprised in the baronies of Moyarta and 
Clonderalaw, in the south-west of the county of 
Clare, where, after the establishment of sur- 
names, the two chief families of the race were 
the O'Baiscinns and O'Donnells. 



* Dal-Riada. — The descendants of Cairbre 
Rioghfhoda, i. e. of the long ulna, were the 
Dalriads, a tribe in the north of the present 
county of Antrim, long since extinct or un- 
known there, and the more illustrious tribe of 
the Dalriads of Scotland, of whom O'Flaherty, 
in his Ogygia (vhi supra), treats, and also Pin- 
kerton and other modern writers. The earliest 
writer who mentions the settlement of the Dal- 
Eiada in Scotland is Bede, who, in his Eccl. 
Hist. lib. i. c. i. says : " Scoti, Duce Reuda de 
Hibernia egressi, amicitia vel ferro sibimet in- 
ter Pictos, sedes quas hactenus habent, vindi- 
caverunt." In about three hundred years after 
the settlement of Cairbre Eiada in Scotland, 
the Dal-Riada of Ulster, who were of the same 
race, headed by the sons of Ere, sou of Eo- 
chaidh Muinreamhar, invaded Scotland, and 
founded another Dal-Riada in that kingdom. 
The territory first acquired by the Gaeidhil or 
Scoti, among the Picts, received the name of 
Airer-Gaeidheal, i. e. the region or district of 
the Gaeidhil, now shortened to Argyle (and 
not Ard na nGaidheal, as O'Flaherty has guess- 



158.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



107 



The Age of Christ, 158. The first year of Conaire, son of Modh-Lamha, 
in sovereignty over Irekmd. 

The Age of Christ, 165. Conaire, son of Mogh-Laniha, after having been 
eight years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Neiniliidh, son of Sruibhgheann. 
This Conaire had three sons, Cairbre Muse', from whom the Muscraighe are 
called ; Cairbre Baschaein, from whom are the Baiscnigh", in Corca-Baiscinn ; 
and Cairbre Eiadal, from whom are the Dal-Riada". Saraid, daughter of Conn 
of the Hundred Battles, was the mother of these sons of Conaire, son of Modh- 
Lamha. 

The Age of Christ, 166. The first year of the reign of Art, son of Conn 
of the Hundred Battles. 

The Age of Christ, 186. The twenty-first year of Art, son of Conn of the 
Himdred Battles, in the sovereignty of Ireland. The battle of Ceannfeabhrat" 
by the sons of Oilioll Olum'' and the three Cairbres, i. e. Cairbre Muse, Cairbre 
Riada, and Cairbre Bascainn, against Dadera, tlie Druid ; Neimhidh, son of 



ingly assumed. — Ogygia, iii. c. 63, p. 323). The 
settlement of the latter colony in Scotland is 
mentioned by an ancient writer quoted by 
Camden {Britania, tit. Scotia) in the following 
words : "Fergus filius Eric fuit primus qui de 
semine Chonaire suscepit regnum Albania; a 
Brunalban ad mare Hibernije, et Inse gall, et 
inde reges de semine Fergus regnaverunt in 
Brunalban, sive Brunehere usque ad Alpinum 
filium Eochaidh." 

The settlement of the Scoti in North Britian 
is mentioned, in the following words, by the 
author of the Life of Cadroe, written about the 
year 1040 : 

" Fluxerunt quotanni, et mare sibi proximum 
transfretantes Eveam, Insulam, quse nunc lona 
dicitur, repleverunt. Nee satis, post pelagus 
Britannise contiguum, perlegentes, per Rosim 
amnem, Rossiam regionem manserunt: Rigmo- 
nath" [Dun Monaidh?] '^ qiioqnc BelletJior ut- 
bes, a se procul positas, petentes, possessuri 
vicerunt." — Colgan, Acta Sanctorum, p. 495. 

* Ceannfeabhrat — This was the ancient name 



of a part of the mountain of Sliabh Riach to 
the south of Kilmallock, on the confines of the 

counties of Limerick and Cork See A. D. 1579 

and 1599. After the defeat of Maccon in the 
battle of Ceannfeabhrat, by his step-father, 
Oilioll Olum, he fled to Wales to solicit assist- 
ance, and in some time after put into the Bay 
of Galway, accompanied by Bene, a Briton, 
and a great number of foreign auxiliaries ; and 
seven days after his arrival (as Tighernach notes) 
obtained a signal victory over King Art and 
his forces. 

y Oilioll Olum Dr. O'Conor translates this 

name Olillus Archi-Poeta, but the ancient Irish 
writers never understood it in that sense, for 
they never write the word ollarh, a chief poet, 
as Dr. O'Conor wishes to make it, but olum, 
which they explain "of the bare ear," because his 
ear was bit off by Aine, the daughter of a Tuatha- 
De-Danann, named Eogabhal, as he was ravish- 
ing her : " Inde factum est, ut Olillus Olumub 
quod perinde est ac tempora spoliata auribus, 
appellaretur." — Lynch. This lady, Aine, whose 



p2 



108 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[195. 



SpoibcinD, -[ pop ofipcepc nejieann, Du In ccopcaip Nemi6, mac Spoibcinn, 
pi GpnaTTIuman, "] Oaofpa Dpucli Oaipine, do ceap Dna Oaofpa la hGogan, 
mac Oiliolla, do ceap Nemib, mac Spoibjinn, la Caipbpe Rispooa, mac 
Conaipe, a riDiojnil a achap .1. Conaipe buofin. l?o 5011 Caipbpe TTlupc 
LughaiD .1. ITIac Con ina colpca, gup bo bacach laporh. Ip e pdc an pop- 
anma pin map do In LiijaiD raiuneiriac Do choin Do bi ace biaraD a coilen 
a cci^ a oiDcD, ~\ Do ibeab ap ballon na con perhpaice, gup lean ITiac 
con DC. 

(loip Cpiopr, ceD nochar acuicc. lap mbfich rpioclia bliaDain In pije 
nCpeann DCtpc, mac CuinnCeDcacbaig, ropcaip hi ccach moiglicTTlucpairhe 
la TTlac Con 50 na allmapcoib. Uopcpacap beopipin cacli ceona mapaon pe 
hCtpc, meic a Sfrap SaiDbe ingme CuinD .1. peachc maca Oiliolla Oluim, 
cangacnp laip 1 najaiD TTlic Con a nDfpbparap, Cojban TTlop Oubmfpchon, 
TTlujcopb, LughaiD, GocbaiD, Dicliopb, 1 Uaocc a nanmanna,"] beinne (jpioc, 
pi bpfcan po imip lama poppa. Uopcliaip bOnDe la LugaiD Laglia a ccionaiD 
a bpairpec. Liognipne LeacanpoDa, mac Qengupa bailb, mic Gachacli pinn- 



I 



father had been killed by OilioU, resided at and 
gave name to Cnoc-Aine, anglice Knockany, 
near Bruff, in the county of Limerick, and is 
now traditionally remembered as one of the 
Banshees of the south of Ireland. 

' Mac Con: i.e. Son of the Greyhound. Keat- 
ing gives the same derivation : " Is in Olilli 
domo ut ejus provignus, ut cujus matrem 
Sabham Coni Centipra;lii filiam Olillus uxorem 
habebat, pusillus pusio versatus, et nondum 
vestigia figere peritus ad Olilli canem venaticum, 
Aijuilam Kubram" [Glaip Oeupj] " nomine 
manibus repens accessit, et canis infantulum 
ore soepius arripuit" [rede, ad ubera sorbenda 
accepit] " nee tamen ab assiduo ad eum accessu 
coerceri potuit, qua; res illi nomen Maccon pe- 
rerit, quod pcrindc est ac cauis vcnatici filius." 
— Lijiich. 

This, however, is clearly the guess derivation 
and elucidation of a posterior age. The word 
muc con would certainly denote filius canis, 
Init it niiglit also l)e liguratively used to denote 



son of a hero ; and as his father's name was 
mac nioD, son of a hero, it might not, perhaps, 
be considered over presumptuous in an etymo- 
logist of the present day to reject the story 
about the greyhound bitch, and substitute a 
modern conjecture in its place. 

This Lughaidh Maccon was the head of the 
Ithian race, and chief of the Munster sept called 
Deirgthine. He is the ancestor of the family 
of O'Driscoll, and from him the pedigree of Sir 
Florence O'Drisooll, who flourished in the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth, is deduced by Duald Mac 
Firbis in thirty generations. O'Driscoll is not 
accounted of the Milesian race by the Irish ge- 
nealogists, because he descended from Ith, the 
uncle of Milidh, or Milesius. 

" Magh-Mucruiinhe This was the name of a 

phiin near Athenry, in the county of Galway. 
O'Flaherty states {Ogygia, iii. c. 67) that the 
place where King Art was killed, was called 
'J"urlach-Airt in his (O'Fhiherty's) time, and 
situated between Mnyviiehi and Kilcornan in 



195.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. I()<J 

Sroibhcinn ; and the south of Ireland ; where fell Neimhidh, son of Sroibhcinn, 
King of the Ernai of Munster ; and Dadera, the Druid of the Dairinni. Dadera 
was slain by Eoghain, son of Oilioll ; Neimhidh, son of Sroibhcinn, by Cairbre 
Rioglifhoda, son of Conaire, in revenge of his own father, i. e. Conaire. Cairbre 
Muse wounded Lughaidh, i. e. Mac Con, in the thigh, so that he was [ever] 
afterwards lame. The cause of this cognomen was : Lughaidh was agreeable 
to a greyhound that was suckling her whelps in the house of his foster-father, 
and he was used to suckle the teat of the aforesaid greyhound, so that Mac Con' 
[son of the greyhound] adhered to him [as a soubriquet]. 

The Age of Christ, 195. After Art, the son of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles, had been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle 
of Magh-Mucruimhe", by Maccon and his foreigners. In the same battle, along 
with Art, fell also the sons of his sister, Sadhbh, daughter of Conn, namely, the 
seven sons of Oilioll Olura, who had come with him against Maccon, their 
brother. Eoghan Mor", Dubhmerchon, Mughcorb, Lughaidh, Eochaidh, Dio- 
chorb, and Tadhg, were their names ; and Beinue Brit, King of Britain, was he 
who laid .[violent] hands upon them. Beinne was slain by Lughaidh Lagha, in 
revenge of his relatives. Lioghairne" of the Long Cheeks, son of Aenghus 

Aidhae — See the Map to Tribes and Customs granddaughter of Cathaeir Mor, proceeded into 

of Hy-Many ; and Hardiman's edition of O'Fla- Leinster, and the king of that province bestowed 

herty's lar-Gonnaught, p. 43, note '. upon him and his sons certain districts called 

'' Eoghan Mor. — He is the ancestor of all the by posterity Fotharta, from Eochaidh's surname, 

great families of Munster and elsewhere, called Of these the two principal were Fotharta-an- 

Eoghanachts by the Irish genealogists. All his Chairn, now the barony of Forth, in the county 

brothers died without issue except CormacCas, ofWe.xford, and Fotharta- Fea, now the barony 

the ancestor of the O'Briens of Thomond, and of Forth, in the county of Carlow. Tliere were 

all the Dal g-Cais, and Cian, the ancestor of also Fothart- Airbhreach, near the hill of Bri- 

O'Carroll, O'Meagher, and other families called Eile, now the hill of Croghan, in tlie King's 

Cianachta, seated in various parts of Ireland. County; Fotharta Airthir Liff'e, in the present 

' Lioghairne O'Flaherty calls him i/(/?<r/(;«,?. county of Kildare, and others; but his race 

When Art, the son of Conn of the Hundred became extinct or obscure at an early period in 

Battles, succeeded Conaire II. as Monarch of all the districts called Fotharta, except Fotharta- 

Ireland, he banished his uncle, Eochaidh Finn- Fea, where his descendant, O'Nolan, retained 

fothart, and his sons, from Meath, because they considerable possessions till the seventeenth cen- 

had assassinated his brothers, Conla and Crina, tury. 

and betrayed his father to the Ulstermen. Incensed at this expulsion of his family, 

Eochaidh, being married to Uchdelbha, the Boghairne joined the foreign forces of Maccon 



110 aHNQca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [196. 

puaclinai|ic, po imbip Inma po]i Qjir ipin each pin TTloijhe TTluccpoirhe, laji 
ccochr DO III poclipaiDe TTlic Con. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceo nocliac ape. Qn ceo blioDam Do Lujoib, (.1. TTlac Con) 
mac TTlaicniaD, hi pijhe nGjieann. 

Qoip Ciiiopc, Da ceD piche aciiij. lap mbfic cpiocha bliaDam 1 pighe 
nGpeann do Lujhaib (.1. ITlac Con), mac TTlaicniaD, copcaip Do lairh pfipcip, 
mic Comain Gcip, lap na lonnapbaD a Ufmpaij Do Copmac ua Chuinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD piche ape. pCpjijiip OuibbeDoch, mac lomchaDha, 
napijopCpmn ppi pe mbliaDna,co rcopchaip, hi ccarCpionna, laCopbmac 
ua CiiinD, DO laim Lojha Cagha. Uopcparap laip beop a Da Bpachaip, 
pfpT^ap poilrleabap,-] pepjiip 6oc, cap bpfgaib, Da ngoipfi pfpjup Caip- 
piaclach. Ip Doib po pdioheab : 

pop an aoinlicc ag T?aic cpo 
poipcbe na ccpi ppCpjupo, 
acbfpc Copbniac ap gle 
ni chel a Dae pop Laijhe. 

1 pochpaiDe Copbmaic cainic 'CaDg macCem ■) LiijaiD Don chach hipin, 
1 ba 1 cippocpaic an chacha Do paca o Chopbmac do UhaDj an pfponn poppa 
ccd Ciannachca, 1 TTluij bpfj, amail ap epoeipc 1 leabpaib oile. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD piche a peachc. Qn ceD bliabain Do Copbmac, 
mac Qipc, mic Ciiinn Cheochachaig, na pfj op GpmD. 

against his relative Art, and Lad the killing of Ireland. This place is still pointed out near the 

him with his own hand, at Turlach Airt, as fort of Dearg-rath, in the parish of Derrygrath, 

stated in note ", supra. about four miles to the north-east of Cahir, in 

'' ThiHy years. — The Annals of Clonmacnoise the county of Tipperary. Cnocach, called, in the 

give Maccon a reign of only eighteen years ; Leahhar-Gablmla, Ard-Feirchis, is now anglice 

O'Flaherty shortens it to three years ; but Dr. Knockagh, and is situated about three miles 

O'Conor does not regard him as one of the north-east of Cahir. 

monarchs of Ireland. f Criiina Keating calls this place Crionna- 

" He fell Keating states that Fercheas, a Chiun Chumair, and says that it is situated at 

poet who resided at Cnocach, killed Maccon, at Brugh-mic-an-Oig, which is the name of a place 

the instance of King Cormac, with a kind of on the River Boyne, near Stackallan Bridge, 

lance called rincne, at Gort-an-oir, near Dear- ^ Rathcro. — This place is near Slane, in the 

grath, in Magh-Feimhean, while he (Maccon) county of Meath. 

was bestowing gold and silver on the literati of ^'Ciannachta,inMagh-Breagh The territory 



196.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. Ill 

Balbh, son of Eochaidh Finn Fuathairt, was he who laid [violent] hands upon 
Art in this battle of Magh-Mucruinihe, after he had joined the forces of Maccon. 

The Age of Christ, lOG. Tlie first year of Lughaidh, i. e. Maccon, son of 
Maicniadh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 225. After Lughaidh, i. e. Maccon, son of Macniadli, 
had been thirty years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, he felP by the hand of 
Feircis, son of Coman Eces, after he had been expelled from Teamhair [Tara] 
by Cormac, the grandson of Conn. 

The Age of Christ, 226. Fearghus Duibhdeadach, son of Imchadh, was 
king over Ireland for the space of a year, when he fell in the battle of Crinna^ 
by Cormac, grandson of Conn, by the hand of Lughaidh Lagha. There fell by 
him also, [in the rout] across Breagh, his two brothers, Fearghus the Long- 
haired and Fearghus the Fiery, who was called Fearghus Caisf hiaclach [of the 
Crooked Teeth]. Of them was said : 

Upon the one stone at Rathcro^ 
Were slain the three Fearghus's ; 
Cormac said this is fine, 
His hand did not fail Lais-he. 



o 



In the army of Cormac came Tadhg, son of Cian, and Lughaidh, to that 
battle ; and it was as a territorial reward for the battle that Cormac gave to 
Tadhg the land on which are the Ciannachta, in Magh-Breagh", as is celebrated 
in other books. 

The Age of Christ, 227. The first year of Cormac, son of Art, son of 
Conn of the Hundred Battles, as king over Ireland. 

of this tribe extended from the River Liifey to Drumiskin, in the present county of Louth), to 

nearDrumiskin, in the county of Louth. Duleek, the Cnoca Maeildoid, at the Kiver LifFey 

in the county of Meath, is mentioned as in it. See Ann. Titj/ier., p. 45 ; Keating's History of 
Keating gives a curious story about Tadhg mac Ireland, in the reign of Fearghus Duibhdea- 
Cein, from the historical tale called Caih Crinna, dach ; and O'Flaherty's Ogygia, iii. c. 68. This 
but some of its details are rather legendary. It Tadhg is the ancestor of O'CarroU of Ely, in 
is, however, true as to the main facts ; for it is the south of the King's County ; of O'JIeagher 
stated in the Annals of Tighernach that Tadhg of Ui-Cairin, or Ikerrin, in the county of Tip- 
obtained as a reward for defeating the Ulster- perary; of O'Cathasaigh (O'Casey) of Saithne, 
men on this occasion, the whole region extending in Magh Breagh ; and of O'Conor, Chief of 
from Glais-Neara, near Druim-Ineascluinn (now Cianachta-Gleanna- Geimhin, now the barony 



112 



aNwa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[234. 



Ctoip C|iinpr, na clieD cpiocliac a cfchaip. Ct hoclic Do Cho|ibniac. 
Qilill Olom, mac TTloslia Nimohac, jii muman, Dej. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cpiochac a pe. Q Decli do Chopbmac. Cach 
^panctiiio ]\]a cCopbmac ua cCiiinn pop Ulroib an bliaDainpi. Car in liGu 
111 Tlloish Qei pop Qeo, mac GacliDach, inic Conaill, pf Connachr. Carli 
1 nGrli, each Cinn Oaipe, cac SpucVia pop UlcoiB, each Slicche Cuailnge. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cpmchac a pfchc. Ct liaon Decc Do Chopbmac. 
Cach Qcha beuchaig Cach Racha Ourha an bliabainpi pia cCopbmac. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cpiochac a hochc. Q do Decc do Copbmac. Cach 
Chuile cocaip po cpf, "| cpf cacha hi nOubab pia cCopbmac. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cpiochac ar.aoi. Q cpi Decc Do Chopbmac. Cach 
Ctllamaij;, "] pfchc ccacha Glne pi cCopbmac. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cfclipacac. Q cfrhaip Decc Do Chopbmac. Cach 
TTloighe Uechc, -] lomgfp Chopbmaic cap iiiaij r?en (.i. cap an ppaipge) an 
bliabain pin, coniD Don chup pin po jabapcaippiorh pighe nQlban. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cfcpachac a haon. Q ciiij Decc do Chopbmac. 
Qcciao anopo cacha Chojibmaic pop TTluriiain an bbaDainpi. Cach beippe, 
each Cocha Len, each Luimnij, each ^pene, each Clapaig, each TTluipipc, 



of Keenaglit, in the county of Londonderry. 
He is also the ancestor of the families of O'Gara 
and O'Hara in Connaught, and of O'Hara of 
the Route, in the county of Antrim. 

' Granard. — Now a small town in the county 
of Longford, near which is a large moat.- — See 
Ogygia, iii. 69, p. 335. See note °, under A. D. 
1262. These battles, fought by Cormac, are 
also mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach. 

'' Eu, in Magh-Aei. — In the Annals of Tigher- 
nach the reading is Cac meoa, i. e. the Battle 
of Knockniaa, which is a hill in the barony of 
Clare, county Galway. 

' Eth. — Not identified. 

^ Ccann-Daire: i.e. Head of the Oak Wood. 
Not identified. 

" Sruth This should be Cur S[uir[ui, i. e. 

the battle of Shrule, a place on the Itivcr 
Suithair, or Shrule, in the south-east of the 
county of Louth, — See Ogygia, iii. 69, p. 335. 



° Sliyke-Cuailgne : i. e. the road or pass of 
Cuailgne, which is a mountainous district still 
so called, in the north of the county of Louth. 

" Ath-Beatha : i. e. Ford of the Birch. This 
was probably the ancient name of Ballybay 
(6aile ara beac-a), in the county of Monagh an. 

1 Dumha : i. e. tumuhis. There are countless 
places of this name in Ireland. 

■■ Cuil-tochcm- : i.e. Corner or Angle of the 
Causeway. Not identified. 

* Duhliadh. — Now Dowth, on the Boyne, in 
the county of Meath, where there is a remark- 
able mound, 286 feet high, which is one of the 
monuments of the Tuatha-De-Dananns. In the 
Annals of Tighernach the reading is, i nt)uibpi6. 

' AUajnac/h. — Probably intended for Eala- 
mhagh, i. e. the plain of the River Alio, in the 
county of Cork. 

" Elve. — Now Sliabh Eilbhe, aiiylici Slievc- 
llva, a mountain in the parish of Killonaghan, 



234.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 113 

The Age of Christ, 234. The eighth year of Cormac. Oilioll 01 um, sou 
of Mogh Nuadhat, King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 236. The tenth year of Cormac. The battle of Gra- 
nard' by Cormac, the grandson of Conn, against the Ulstermen this year. A 
battle at Eu, in Magh-Aei\ against Aedh, son of Eochaidh, son of Conall, King 
of Connaught. A battle at Eth' ; the battle of Ceann-Daire"; the battle of Sruth" 
against the Ulstermen ; the battle of Slighe-Cuailgne°. 

The Age of Christ, 237. The eleventh year of Cormac. The ])attle of 
Ath-Beatha" ; the battle of Dnniha'' this year by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 238. The twelfth year of Cormac. A battle at Cuil- 
tochair' thrice, and three battles at Dubhadh' by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 239. The thirteenth year of Cormac. The battle of 
AUamagh', and the seven battles of Elve", by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 240. The fourteenth year of Cormac. The battle of 
Magh-Techt", and the fleet of Cormac [sailed] across Magh-Rein" (i. e. across 
the sea), this year, so that it was on that occasion he obtained the sovereignty 
of Alba [.Scotland]. 

The Age of Christ, 241. The fifteenth year of Cormac. These are the 
battles of Cormac [fought] against Munster this year : the battle of Berre"; the 
battle of Loch Lein*; the battle of Luimneach"; the battle of Grian''; the battle 
of Classach'; the battle of Muiresc''; the battle of Fearta', in which fell Eochaidh 

barony of Burren, and county of Clare. '' Berre See A. M. 3575, 3579) 3656, supra. 

" JUagh-Techt—See A. M. 3529, 3656. ^ Loch Lein See A. M. 3579, siipra. 

" Magh- Rein: i.e. theVlainoi the Qea. Rian, ^ Luimneacli Now Limerick. This was ori- 

gen. pein, is an old word for sea, and is glossed ginally the name of the Lower Shannon. — See 

"muip" by O'Clery. This passage is taken Acta Sanctorum, by the Bolandists, 3rd May, 

from the Annals of Tighernach. O'Flaherty p. 380, and Life of St. Senanus by Colgan. 

understands this passage as follows : "Magnam ^ Grian. — There are several places of this name 

classem trans mare in septentrionalem Britan- in Ireland, but the place here alluded to is pro- 

niam misit, qua triennii spacio eas oras infes- bably the hill of Cnoc-Greine, i. e. the Hill of 

tante imperium in Albania exegit." But the Grian, over the village of Pallasgrean, in the 

■v}-ord toinjeap, in ancient Irish, means expul- barony of Coonagh, and county of Limerick. 

sion or banishment (loin;^eap .i. lonjjup .i. ion- ' Classach Not identified. There are many 

napbao — O^Cleri/), and the passage might be places of the name in Ireland, 

translated thus : "The expulsion of Cormac <• iI/i«Vesc.— See A. M. 3501, 3790. 

across the sea this year, and it was on this occa- ^ Fcarta Not identified. There are several 

sion that he obtained the sovereignty of Alba." places so called. 

Q 



114 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReaNW. [248. 

each pfjira hi copchoip GochaiD Uaobpooa, mac Oiliolla Oluim, car Sarhna 
hi co]icaip Cian, mac Qileallo Oliiim,"| car Qjioa caim. 

Opjain na hingfripai^e, iyin Claoinpfpca hi cUfmpaij, la Ounlanj, mac 
Gnna Nm6, pi Laijfn. Ujiiocha lujinj^fn a lion, -| ceo injfn la jach ninjin 
oi'ob. Oa 1115 Decc oo Laijnib pop bi Copbrnac a\\ galaib aoinpip, i nDiojail 
na hoip^ne hipin, amailli ]ie popnaibm na bopaitia co na ropmach lap 
c'Cuachal. 

Qoip Cjiiopc, Da cheD 1 cfcpachac a hochr. Q Do pichfr Do Chopbmac. 
Cach hi pochaijiD muipfemne pia cCopbmac an bliaoainfi. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceD pfpcca a Do. Q pe cpiocha Do Chopbmac. Cach 
Cpi'onna ppejabail pia cCopbmac pop Ullcoib, on hi ccopcaip Qongiip pionn, 
mac pfpjupa DuiboeaDaij, pi UlaD, 50 ndp Ulab imme. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD peapca a cuij. O. naoi cpiocha Do Chopbmac. 
^uin Ceallaij, mic Chopbmaic, "| Pfchcaipe Chopbmaic, -) puil Chopbmaic 
buDfin DO bpipfoh Daen popccom la hQenjiip ^aibuaibfeach, mac piachach 
SuijDe, mic pfiDlimiD PeachcaDa. Ro bpip lapam Copbmac peace ccaca 
popp na Oeipib a ccionaiD an jnioma pin, 50 pop capainn 6 a ccfp, conup 
piliD hi TDumain. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceD peapcc a y^e. Cfcpacha blia&ain do Copbmac, mac 
Qipc, mic CuinD, hi pije nGpeann 50 bpuaip bap 1 cClecec lap lenmain cndim 

f Samhain. — Now Cnoc-Samhna, near Bru- plexit, et Boariam Tuathalii regis mulctam La- 

ree, in the county of Limerick — See A. M. 4 169, geniis cum accessione imperavit." 
supra. ' Borumlia. — See an account of this impost 

8 Ard-cam: i. e. Crooked Height or Hill. Not nnder the reign of Tuathal Teachtmhar, supra, 

identified. A. D. 106. 

" Claenfearla. — This was a place at Tara, on ^ Focliard Muirtheimhne Now Faughard, in 

the western slope of the hill. — See Petrie's An- the county of Louth, about two miles to the 

liquilies of Tara Hill, p. 128, and map, plate 7. north of Dundalk See A. D. 1595, 1596. 

O'Flaherty understands this passage as follows, ' Crionna-Fregabhail. — Dr. O'Conor renders 

in his Ogygia, iii. c. 69. tliis Crinna partiim, taking ppejaBail to be a 

" Dunlongius Ennii Niadh filius Cathirii Re- verb, from ^abail; but it was certainly the an- 

gis Hibernia; abnepos rex Lagenia; Tcmorense cietit name of a place on the River Fregabhail, 

apud Cloenfertam gynoeceum immani feritate now the Ravel Water, in the county Antrim. — 

adortus, triginta regias puellas cum trecentis See A. M. 3510, stij»'«. Tighernach places this 

ancillis famulantibus ad unum internecione de- battle in the year 251. 

levit. Quocirca Cormacus rex duodecim La- "■ Aenfflius Gaibhuaibldhcach : i. e. Aenghus of 

geniae dynastas parthenicidii conscios morte the terrible Spear. 



248.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IIIELANI). 115 

Taebhfada [of the Long Side], son of Oilioll Olum ;.the battle of Samhaii/, in 
which fell Cian, son of Oilioll Olum ; and the battle of Ard-cam^. 

The massacre of the girls at Cleanfearta\ at Teandiair, by Dunlang, son of 
Enna Niadh, King of Leinster. Thirty royal girls was the number, and a 
hundred maids with each of them. Twelve princes of the Lemstermen did 
Cormac put to death together, in revenge of that massacre, together with the 
exaction of the Borumha"' with an increase after Tuathal. 

The Age of Christ, 248. The twenty-second year of Corraac. A battle at 
Pochard Muirtheimhne" by Cormac this year. The battle of Crionna-Frega- 
bhail' [was fought] by Cormac against the Ulstermen, where fell Aenghus Finn, 
son of Fearghus Duibhdeadach [i. e. the Black-toothed], King of Ulster, with 
the slaughter of the Ulstermen about him. 

The Age of Christ, 265. The thirty-ninth year of Cormac. Ceallach, son 
of Cormac, and Cormac's lawgiver, were mortally wounded, and the eye of 
Cormac himself was destroyed with one thrust [of a lance] by Aenghus Gaibh- 
uaibhtheach", son of Fiacha Suighdhe, son of Feidhlimidh the Lawgiver. 
Cormac afterwards [fought and] gained seven battles over the Deisi, in revenge 
of that deed, and he expelled them from their territory, so that they are [now] 
in Munster". 

The Age of Christ, 266. Forty years was Cormac, son of Art, son of 
Conn, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he died at Cleiteach", the bone of a 

" In Munster. — The Deisi, who were the de- to which territory they gave the name of that 
soendants of Fiacha Suighdhe, tlie brother of which they had in Meath. Aenghus Mac Nad- 
Conn of the Hundred Battles, were first seated fraeich, King of Munster, afterwards gave them 
in the territory of Deisi-Teamhrach, now the the plain of Magh-Feimheann, now the barony 
barony of Deece, in the county of Meath, and of Iffa and Offa, East, which they retained till 
when they were driven from thence by King the period of the English Invasion. For the 
Cormac, they proceeded into Leinster, where names of the families into which this tribe 
they remained for one year, and afterwards re- branched after the establishment of surnames, 
moved into Ossory, but effected no permanent see note ', under A. D. 1205. 
settlement anywhere until they went to Mun- " Cleiteach. — The situation of this house is 
ster, where Oilioll Olum, king of that province, described in the historical tale entitled Oighidh 
who was married to Sadhbh (Sabina), daughter Mhuircheartaigh Mhoir mhic Earca, as fol- 
of Conn of the Hundred Battles, gave them a lows : 

territory comprised in the present county of " 6a mnic puiSiujab in ci^i fin cpa, op up nu 

Waterford, and extending from the Kiver Suir 66inne bpaounui^i bicaiUe, -| op up un61ipo5a 

to the sea, and from Lismore to Credan Head, bupp-uuine." 

q2 



116 



awNaca Rio^hachca emeaHN. 



[266. 



bpaoain ina bjmjair, cpej- an pabpab poimiji TTlailsenn Dpai pmp.mp mom- 
po6 DO Copbmac ap na opaoirib po bicin aDapca Oe Do raippib. Conab 
aipe pin po aimpij Diabal eipuirh cpe pupailearh na nDpuab 50 rruc bap 
DoclipaiD Do. Q pe Copbnnac Do rpachr cejupcc na pijh Do coriiDa moD, 
bep,i pollarhnaijfe na pije. Ujoap oipDepc eipiDe 1 nolignb, hi ccoimsnib, 
1 111 pfncup, ap ape po piol pfclic, piajail, -| DipjmraD gacha liaoi, -] cfcha 
caingne lap ccoip, conaD he an olijeaD po pmachc pop chdch baoi pop conj- 
bail leo gup an aimpip ppeacnaipc. 

Q pe an Copbmac po, mac Qipc, beop po nonoil cpoinicibe Gpeann co 
haon mai^in 50 Ufinpaij, giip po popcongaip poppo cpoinic Gpeann Do 
pcpfobaD in nen liubap Dap bo hainm ppalcaip Uempach. ba hipin liubap 
pin bacap coimgneana 1 comaimpepa piojpaiDe Gpeann ppi pi'ojaib 1 impi- 
peaDa an Domain,-] pfoj na ccoicceaD ppi pfojaib Gpeann. Ctp ann Dna po 
pcpiobaD ina nDlijpeaD pi Gpeann Do na coiccebachaib ~\ ciop -] Dbjfo na 
ccoicceaD oa pomdmaighcib o ca iiapal cohi'peal. ba han rpa baoi cpioch 
-\ copann Gpeann op ino op, o chd cuicceab co cuair, 6 ruair co baile, 1 



" Good, indeed, was the situation of that 
house (sc. of Cleiteacli) over the margin of the 
salmonful, ever-beautiful Boyne, and over the 
verge of the green-topped Brugh." 

It was situated near Stackallan Bridge, on the 
soutli side of tlie Boyne. 

P Teagusc-na-Righ. — •" Cormack was absolutely 
the best king that ever reigned in Ireland before 
himself. He wrote a book entitled Princeli/ 
Institutions, which, in Irish, is called Teasgasg 
Ri, which book contains as goodly precepts and 
moral documents as Cato or Aristotle did ever 
write." — Ann. Clon. 

Copies of this work, ascribed to King Cormac, 
are preserved in the Book of Leinster (in Lib. 
T. C. D., I-I. 2. 18), and in the Book of Bally- 
mote; and translated extracts from it arc given 
in the TJuhlin Penny Journal, vol. i. pp. 21.% 214, 
215, and 231, 2.32. 

'I Laws For an account of the laws insti- 
tuted by King Cormac, see the Stowe Catalogue, 
and Petrie's History and Antiquities of Tara Hill, 



pp. 16-20. 

'' Psalter of Teamliair. — This Psalter is re- 
ferred to in a poem by Cuan O'Lochain, who 
flourished in the eleventh century, but no frag- 
ment of it has been identified as now remaining. 
A copy, indeed, of the Book of Ballymote, with 
some additions made by Teige O'Naghten, now 
preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 1. 15, bears the title of Salcaip 
na Ce.ampac; but this name was given it by 
O'Naghten himself, for no reason except that it 
contains articles relating to Irish laws, genea- 
logy, history, topography, &c. 

O'Flaherty quotes a poem beginning Cearii- 
aip nu piogh pach Copmuic, i. e. Teamliair of 
the Kings, fort of Cormac, which, among other 
things, he says, describes three schools insti- 
tuted by King Cormac at Tara, namely, one for 
teaching military dicipline, another for history, 
and the third for jurisprudence. This was 
preserved in O'Duvegan's Book of Ily-Many, 
fol. 175; but nu copy of it has been discovered 



266.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 117 

salmon sticking in his throat, on account of the siabhradh [genii] which Mael- 
genn, the Druid, incited at him, after Cormac had turned against the Druids, 
on account of his adoration of God in preference to them. Wherefore a devil 
attacked him, at the instigation of the Druids, and gave him a painful death. 
It was Cormac who composed Teagusc-na-Righ", to preserve manners, morals, 
and government in the kingdom. He was a famous author in laws", synchro- 
nisms, and history, for it was he that established law, rule, and direction for 
each science, and for each covenant according to propriety ; and it is his laws 
that governed all that adhered to them to the present time. 

It was this Cormac, son of Art, also, that collected the Chroniclers of Ire- 
land to Teamhair, and ordered them to write the chronicles of Ireland in one 
book, which was named the Psalter of Teamhair'. In that book were [entered] 
the coeval exploits and synchronisms of the kings of Ireland with the kings 
and emperors of the world, and of the kings of the provinces with the mo- 
narchs of Ireland. In it was also written what the monarchs of Ireland were 
entitled to [receive] from the provincial kings, and the rents and dues of the 
provincial kings from their subjects, from the noble to the subaltern. In it 
also were [described] the boundaries and meares of Ireland, from shore to 
shore, from the province to the cantred, iVom the cantred to the townland, and 

in Dublin, Oxford, or the British Museum. this neighbourhood also believe that he caused 

It looks very strange that neitlier the Four the sun to stand still for a whole hour, to enable 

Masters nor Tighernach make any special men- the forces of Leath-Chuinn to dislodge Cormac 

tion of Cormac's expedition into Munster, against from his entrenchment at Knocklong. Cormac 

Fiacha Muilleathan, king of that province, of was completely routed and pursued into Ossory, 

which expedition the historical tale called For- where he was obliged to deliver up pledges or 

bais-Droma-Damhghaire (i. e. the encampment hostages to Fiacha, as security for making re- 

of Druim-Damhghaire, now Knocklong, in the paration for the injuries done to Munster by 

county of Limerick), preserved in the Book of this expedition. 

Lismore, fol. 1G9; and Keating, in his Historij "Turn Fiachus valido impetu Cormaci exer- 

of Ireland; and the Book of Lecan, fol. 133, a, citum aggressus, eum fudit et fugavit. Imo 

give such minute particulars. On this occasion adeo acriter fugientium tergis ad Ossiriam usque 

the Druid, Mogh Euith, the ancestor of the institit, ut Cormacum adegerit pacisci obsides 

O'Dugans of Fermoy, displayed wondrous ma- se Teamorisi missurum ad Fiachum tamdiu 

gical powers in supplying the Munster forces apud eum mansuros, donee illatum Momonia; 

with water, and a spring well which he caused damnum cumulate resarciret." — Lynch. 
to issue from the earth by discharging a magical The truth is that the annalists of Leath- 

javelin is still pointed out. The inhabitants of Chuinn pass over the aifairs of Munster very 



118 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReawN, 



[267. 



o baile 50 cpaijib do clif]i [oipbepc na neiclup 1 LeaBap na h-Ui6pi. Qp 
pollup larc 1 Leabap Dinnpenchiipa]. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceo peapcca a peachc. Gn blia&ain DGochaib ^onDar 
111 juje nSpeann 50 cco]ic]iani Id Lu^aiD TTlfno, mac Qonjupa, olJUcoib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceD peapcca a hochc. Qn ceo bbabain Do Caipppe 
Lippechaip, mac Cojimaic, mic Qipc, In pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopr, Da ceD pfclicmojar a haon. Ct cfraip Do Caipbpe. Upi 
caca pia cCoipppe pop piopu TTluTTian 05 copnarh cipc Lai^fn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceD peaccmojac a Do. Q cuicc Do Coipppe. Ceirpe 
cara la Coipbpe pop piopa TTluman ag copnarh cipc Laiji;fn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceD peaccmojac a pe. Q naoi do Coipppe 1 pijlie 
nCpeann. Oengiif' ^aibucnbreach Do mapbaD an bliaDainpi la cloinnCaipbpe 
Cippecliaip .1. piacha Spaibcine 1 GochaiD Ooirhlen. 

Qoip Cpioyx, Da ceD ochrmojac a rpi. Q pe Decc DoCaipbpe. pionn 
Ua baipccne do ruicim la hQicbircb mac OuibDpfnn, -] la macob Uipjjifno, 
Do Luaijnib Uerhpac, occ Qcb bpea pop boinn, Dia nDcbpaD. 



slightly, and seem unwilling to acknowledge 
any triumph of their's over the race of Conn of 
the Hundred Battles ; and this feeling was mu- 
tual on the part of the race of Oilioll Olum. 

^ Traighidh of land. — O'Flaherty translates 
this passage as follows : 

" Ex hac Schola prodiit liber, quod Psalterium 
Tomorense dicimus, iu quo congestis in unum 
patriffi archivis, supremorum, et provincialium 
regum series, ao tempora cum exteris Synchronis 
principibus collata, tributa quoque, et vectigalia 
provincialium monarchis debita, nee non metw, 
ac limites cujusque regionis a provincia ad tcr- 
ritoria, a territorio ad pagos, a page ad pagi 
particulas" [cpcii^i6 bo cip] " continebantur." 
— O'jyjM, iii. c. fJy. 

'■ Leahhur na-h Uidliri. — The passage inserted 
in the text in brackets is not in either of the 
Dublin copies, but it has been added iiom Dr. 
O'Conor's edition, p. 87. A considerable frag- 
ment of Leabhar na-h- Uidliri is now preserved 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 



" Leabhar Dinnsenchusa Of this work, which 

gives derivations of the names of remarkable 
hills, forts, and plains in Ireland, there are 
copies in the Books of Lecan and Ballymote, and 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, H. 2. 
15, and H. .3. 3. 

^Eochaidh Gonnat He is enumerated among 

the mouarchs of Ireland in the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, and by all the modern writers. Tigher- 
nach, however, does not mention him, but makes 
Cairbre Liffechair succeed his father. 

" Cairbre Lijj'eachair. — Keating says that he 
was so called because he was fostered near the 
Eiver Lifiey. 

1 Eochaidh Doimhkn. — He is the ancestor of 
all the Oirghialla, in Ulster, and of the O'Kellys 
of Connaught and their correlative families. 

' Finn, grandson of Ilaisgne. — This passage is 
also given by Tighernach. The Finn here men- 
tioned is the celebrated cluunpiun called Fingal 
by Mac Phcrson, and Finn Mao Cundiail by the 
Irish, of whom Mr. Moore has the following 



267] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 119 

from the townland to the traighidli of land'. [These things are celebrated in 
Leabhar na-n-Uidhri'. They are evident in the Leabhar Dinnsenchusa".] 

The Age of Christ,- 267. Eochaidh Gonnat" in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
when he fell by Lughaidh Meann, son of Aenghus, [one] of the Ulstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 2G8. The first year of Cairbre LifFeachair", son of 
Cormac, son of Art, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 271. The fourth year of Cairbre. Three battles [were 
fought] by Cairbre against the men of Munster, in defence of the rights of 
Leinster. 

The Age of Christ, 272. Four battles by Cairbre against the men of 
Munster, in defence of the rights of Leinster. 

The Age of Christ, 276. The ninth year of Cairbre in the sovereignty of 
Ireland. Aenghus Gaibuaibhtheach was killed this year by the sons of Cairbre 
Liffechair, namely, Fiacha Sraibhtine and Eochaidh Doimhlen'. 

The Age of Christ, 283. The sixteenth year of Cairbre. Finn, grandson 
of Baisgne^, fell by Aichleach, son of Duibhdreann, and the sons of Uirgreann 
of the Luaighni Teamhrach, at Ath-Brea, upon the Boinn [Boyne], of which 
was said : 

remarks in his History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 133: of great talents for the age, and of celebrity in 
" It has been the fate of this popular Irish arms. His formation of a regular standing 
hero, after a long course of traditional renown army, trained to war, in which all the Irish 
in his country, where his name still lives, not accounts agree, seems to have been a rude imi- 
only in legends and songs, but in the yet more tation of the Roman legions in Britain. The 
indelible record of scenery connected with his idea, though simple enough, shews prudence, 
memory, to have been all at once transferred for such a force alone could have coped with 
hy adoption to another country" [Scotland], the Romans had they invaded Ireland. But 
" and start, under a new but false shape, in a this machine, which surprised a rude age, and 
fresh career of fame." seems the basis of all Finn's fame, like some 
This celebrated warrior, who had two grand other great schemes, only lived in its author, 
residences in Leinster, one at Almhuin, now the and expired soon after him." — Inquiry into the 
hill of Allen, in the county of Kildare, and the History of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 77. 
other at Magh-Elle, now Moyelly, in the King's The bands of kernes and galloglaghs or gal- 
County, was the son-in-law of King Cormac, and lowglasses, supported by the Irish chieftains of 
general of his standing army, which, as Pinker- later ages, may have been imitations of these 
ton remarks, seems to have been in imitation of more primitive Fians, who are still so vividly 
the Roman legions. The words of this critical remembered in the traditions of the people, 
writer are worth quoting here : while the kernes and gallowglasses are nearly 
" He seems," says he, " to have been a man forgotten. 



120 



aHNa;,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[284. 



r?o bicli Pino, ba do ^aib, 
50 noiach juin, 

DO all Qiclileach mac DuibDpenD 
a cfnn Do itiac TTlocliramuin. 

TTlinbaD Cailci copccaip, 

DO bu buaiD ay cecli pfpgliaiD, 
r?o baoli coj^ccjiach lap in cjiiaji 
ilacli im clifnn ino pij niaoh. 

Qoip Cjiiopc, Da ceD ochcmojac a cfcai|i. lap nibOc peace mblmDna 
Decc 111 pijft n6{ieann Do Caipbpe Lippechaip do cfp 1 ccar^abpa Cticle, do 
lairii Semeoin, niic Cipb, do poropcaib, lap cabaipc na pene Dpiopcopb, mac 
Copmaic Caip, laip inD a^lmiD an pi'jli do copnarh Leire TTloja ppip. 

Qoip Cpiopr, Dei ceD ochcmojac a ciiicc. Gn bliaDrnn Don Da pochar) 
op Gpinn, 50 rropcaip porab Capprec la porhab nQipjreach. Do ceap 
porab Qipccceach lap pin hi ccar Ollapba hi Line la Caoilre. 



* With darts. — The following words are inter- 
lined in the text: ".i. do najuib lapccaich po 
^onab e ;" i. e. " by the fishing gaffs he was 
wounded." It is stated in the Dublin copy of 
the Annals of Innisfallen that Finn Mac Cum- 
hail, the celebrated general of the Irish militia, 
fell by the hands of Athlach, son of Duibhdrenn, 
a treacherous fisherman, who [tired with the love 
of everlasting notoriety] slew him with his gaff 
at Rath-Breagha, near the Boyne, whither he 
had retired in his old age to pass the remainder 
of his life in tranquillity. That Athlach was 
soon after beheaded by Caeilte Mac Ilonain, the 
relative and faithful follower of Finn. 

'' Gahhra-Aichle : i. e. Gabhra of Aichill, so 
called from its contiguity to Aichill, now the 
hillof Skrecn, near Tara, inthccounty of Mcath. 
Gabhra, anglice Gowra, is now the name of a 
stream which rises in a bog in the townland of 
Prantstown, in the parish of Skrcen, receives a 
tribute from the well of Neamhnach on Tara 
Hill, joins the Kivcr Skene atDowthstown, and 
unites with the Boyne at Ardsallagh. There is 



a curious poem, ascribed to Oisin, on the sub- 
ject of this battle, preserved in the Book of 
Leinster, fol. 25, b, in which it is stated that 
Osgar, the son of Oisin, slew King Cairbre, with 
a thrust of a lance. This is partly true, but 
Osgar himself was also slain in the combat; and, 
according to other accounts, Semeon, one of the 
Fotharta of Leinster, was the person who de- 
spatched Cairbre. 

■^ Moghcorh, son of Cormac Cas. — This prince 
was the principal opponent of the monarch, and 
not the Clanna-Baisgne, or Irish militia, as 
stated by modern popular writers. Since Eoghan 
Taidhleach, or Mogh Nuadhat, the grandfather 
of Cormac Cas, had been murdered in his tent 
by Goll, the son of Morna, at the battle of Magh- 
Leana, the kings of Munster cherished the most 
rancorous hatred against the Clanna-Morna, who 
were a military tribe of the Firbolgs of Con- 
naught ; and in order to be revenged of them 
they ibrmed an alliance with the Clanna-Baisgne, 
another military tribe of the Scotic or Milesian 
race, the most distinguished chief of whom was 



284.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



121 



Finn was killed, it was with darts", 
With a lamentable wound ; 
Aichleach, son of Duibhdreann, cut off 
The head of the son of Mochtamuin. 

Were it not that Caeilti took revenge, 

It would have been a victory after all his true battles ; 

The three were cut off by him, 

Exulting over the head of the royal champion. 

The Age of Christ, 284. After Cairbre LifTeachab had been seventeen 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Gabhra-Aichle^ by 
the hand of Semeon, son of Cearb, [one] of the Fotharta ; Fearcorb, the son 
of Corraac Cas*^, having brought the Fiana with him, against the king, to defend 
Leath-Mhogha against him. 

The Age of Christ, 285. Fothadh was one year over Ireland, when Fo- 
thadh Cairptheach was slain by Fothadh Airgtheach. Fothadh Airgtheach 
was afterwards slain in the battle of OUarba, in Magh-Line", by Caeilte''. 



Finn Mac Cumliail. Cormac Cas, King of Mun- 
ster, married Samhair, the daughter of this war- 
rior, and had by her three sons : Tine and Connla, 
of whose issue no account is preserved, and Mogh- 
corb, the ancestor of the celebrated Brian Bo- 
rumha, who inherited all the valour and heroism 
of Finn, his ancestor. After the death of Finn, 
Cairbre disbanded and outlawed the forces of the 
Clanna-Baisgne, and retained in his service the 
Clanna-Morna only. The Clanna-Baisgne then 
repaired to Munster, to their relative Moghcorb, 
who retained them in his service contrary to the 
orders of the monarch. This led to the bloody 
battle of Gabhra, in which the two rival military 
tribes slaughtered each other almost to extermi- 
nation. In this battle Osgar, the son of Oisin, 
met the monarch in single combat, but he fell ; 
and Cairbre, retiring from the combat, was met 
by his own relative, Semeon, one of the Fotharta 
(who had been expelled into Leinster), who feU 
upon him severely wounded after the dreadful 



combat with Osgar, and despatched him at ablow. 

* Ollarbha, in Magli-Line. — Now the River 

Larne, in the county of Antrim See note 

under A. D. 106, siipra. For a very curious 
account of the identification of the tomb of 
Fothadh Airgtheach, near this river, see Pe- 
trie's Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the 
Round Towers of Ireland, pp. 105, 106. Tigher- 
nach does not mention either of these Fothadhs 
as monarchs of Ireland, evidently because he 
regarded them as usurpers, but makes Fiacha 
Eolbtine [Sraibhtine] succeed Cairbre Liffea- 
chair, at Tara. They are, however, mentioned as 
joint monarchs in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
but it is added that " these Fothies were none 
of the Blood EoyalL" They were the sons of 
INIaccon, who defeated Art, the son of Conn of the 
Hundred Battles, at Magh-lMucruimhe, and from 
their brother, Aenghus Gaifuileach, or Aenghus 
of the Bloody Dart, O'DriscoU is descended. 

* Caeilte : i.e. Caeilte mac Ronain, the fos- 



R 



122 aHNQ^a Rio^hachca eiueaNH. [286. 

Qoip C]iio|'C, t)a ceo ochcmojac ape. Qn ceo bbaoain oo pije piachaiO 
SpaiBciTie op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cjiiopc, oa ceo nochac a haon. Qn peipeaO bliaoain opmchaib 
ippije. Cach Duiblinoe |na pPiacliaiO pop Laijnib. Upi cacha hi Sleb 
Uoaoli, each Smecipe, i cau Ciapniaije pm ppiachaib Spaibcine beop. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche a Do. lap mbfich peacr mbliaona ap cpio- 
chac na pish op Gpinn opiachaiO Spaibcine oo ceap lap na Collaib hi ccach 
Oubcomaip hi cCpich Roip i mbpeajaib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche a cpf. Qn ceo bliaoain oo Colla Uaip mac 
Gachach Doirhlen na pijh op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche ape. Qn cfcpaTTiao bliaoain oo Colla Uaip 
hi pije nGpeann 50 pop lonapb Tnuipfbach Uipeach eipiom co na bpaicpibh 
1 nQlbain 50 ccpi'b ceoaib mapaon piu. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche a peachc. Qn ceO bliaoain 00 TTIuipebach 
Uipec hi pijhe nGpeann. Q bpoipcfno na bliabna po canjacap na cpi Colla 
5ohGpinn,i nf po maip 01a pochpaioe ache cpi naonbaip noma. Do oeocha- 
cap oin 50 TTluipeaohach lap na ccea^apcc 00 opaioh. T?o baijpfc pp'p, 1 
po paiopeac opoichbpiacpa copu]" mapbab, -j copbaO paip cuai]ipeab mo 
piongal. Onac ecaipfc caipipfc oca,-] pobcap jopa 06. 

ter-son and favourite of the celebrated Irish ^ CVarm/in^/i.- i. e. the Brown Plain. Not iden- 

general, Finn Mac Cumhail. tified. 

^ Fiacha-Svuibhtim Keating says he was ' Dubhchomar : i.e. the Conflux of the Eiver 

called Sraibhtiue from his having been fostered Dubh. Tighernach says that this battle was 

at Dun-Sraibhtine, in Connaught; but others named from Dubh-Chomar, the king's druid, 

assert that he received this cognomen from the who was therein slain ; but this looks legendary, 

showers of fire, i. e. the thunder-storms, which as the name signifies " black confluence." Keat- 

occurred during his reign. iug says it is near Tailten, to the south, and it 

3 Duihldiim : i. e. the black pool. This was is quite evident that it was the ancient name of 

the name of that part of the Kiver Liffey on the confluence of the Blackwater and the Boyne. 

which the city of Duibhlinn or Dublin stands. The territory of Crioch Kois embraced a portion 

" Sliahh Toadh There is a mountain of this of the barony of Farney, in the county of Mo- 
name near the village of Ardara, in the Ijarony uaghan, and some of the adjoining districts of 
of Banagh, and county of Donegal — See it again the counties of Meath and Louth, 
referred to at A. D. filO. '" Colla Uais: i. e. Colla the Noble. All the 

' Smear : i. e. a place abounding in black- authorities agree in giving him a reign of four 

berries or blackberry briars. There are several years, but Dr. O'Conor shews that his expulsion 

places of the name in Ireland. should be ])laccd in the year 329. 



286.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 123 

The Age of Christ, 286. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Sraibhtine*^ 
over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 291. The sixth year of Fiacha in the sovereignty. 
The battle of Duibhlinn^ [was fought] by Fiacha against the Leinstermen ; 
three battles at Sliabh Toaclh" ; the battle of Smear' ; and also the battle of 
Ciarmhagh", by Fiacha Sraibhtine. 

The Age of Christ, 322. Fiacha Sraibhtine, after having been thirty-seven 
years as king over Ireland, was slain by the Collas, in the battle of Dubhcho- 
mar', in Crioch-Rois, in Breagh. 

The Age of Christ, 323. The first year of Colla Uais, son of Eochaidh 
Doimhlen, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 326. The fourth year of Colla Uais", in the sovereignty 
of Ireland, when Muireadhach Trreach expelled him and his brothers into Alba 
[Scotland] with three hundred along with them. 

The Age of Christ, 327. The first year of Muireadhach Tireach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. At the end of this year the three Collas came to Ire- 
land ; and there lived not of their forces but thrice nine persons only. They 
then went to Muireadhach, having been instructed by a druid. [And] they 
scolded at him, and expressed evil words, that he might kill them", and that it 
might be on him [the curse of] the finghal should alight. As he did not oppose 
them, they tarried with him, and were faithful to him°. 

" Might Mil them The word pionjal signifies father was killed by us." " That is news which 

the murder of a relative or clansman, and was we have already known," said the king, " but it 

considered to be so great a crime among the an- is of no consequence to you now, for no revenge 

cient Irish, that a curse was believed to alight shall follow you, except that the misfortune, 

on the murderer and his race. A druid had which has already attended you will follow 

informed the Collas that if they could exaspe- you." " This is the reply of a coward," said the 

rate the king so as that he would kill them, or Collas. " Be not sorry for it," replied the king, 

any of them, the sovereignty woiild be wrested " Ye are welcome." 

from him and his line, and transferred to their ° Faithful to him — The language of this pas- 
descendants. The king, perceiving that this was sage is very ancient, and seems to have been 
their wish, bore patiently with all their taunt- copied from Tighernach. According to Keating 
ing words. Keating says that when the Collas and the LeabhoT-Gabhala of the O'Clerys, the 
came into the presence of the king at Tara, he Collas then entered into a treaty of friendship 
asked them what news, and that they replied, with the king, and were his generals, till about 
" We have no news more mournful than that thy the year 332, when they destroyed the Ulster 

142 



124 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiTjeaNW. [331. 

Qoip Cpiofc, cpf ceD cjiiocha a haon. Qn cuicceab blia&ain 00 muipeab- 
acli. Car Qchaib Ificliofipcc hi pfiinmoij lap na cjii'b Collaib pop UUcuib, 
Du 1 rcopcaip PTpgup Poja, mac Ppaechaip poprpiuin, riujplaic Ulab i 
nGarhain in PQigup lupin. Uo loipcpfc laporh Garhain, -) n(p aiccpeabpac 
UlaiD innre open. 'Callpac pop Ulcoib beop Don cuicceaD 6 Ri^he -| Loch 
nGarhach piap. Oo cfp Colla TTleann ipm car pin. 

Qoip Cpiopr, rpf ceo caocca a pe. lap mbfich cpiocha blia&ain hi pijhe 
nGpeann do ninipeaDhach Ui'peac do ceap la CaolbaD, mac Cpuinn, pinUlao, 
oc pope pigh uap Oaball. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceo caocca a peachr. lap mbfir aon bliabain 1 pije 
nGpeann Do CaolbaD, mac Cpuinn 6aDpai, do ceap la hGochaiD Tlluij- 
meaDoin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, rpi ceD caocca a hochc. Qn ceiD bliabain DGochaiD TTluij- 
meaDon hi pijhe op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceD peapcca a cuicc. Qn cochcmaD blia&ain DGochaiD 
TTluijriifDoin, mic TTUiipfDai^, ^ipi^ op Gpinn 50 nepbailc 1 cUeampaij. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceD peapcca a pe. Qn ceD bliaoam Do Cpiorhcann, 
mac pioDhaiD, mic Oaipe Cepb, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceD peaccmojac a hochc. lap mbfich cpi bliabna 

palace of Eamhain-Macha or Emania, and con- Cremorne, in tlie county of Monaghan. Colla 

quered vast territories for themselves in Ulster. Uais, the eldest of the brothers, is the ancestor 

Dr. O'Conor thinks that the overturning of of the Mac Donnells, Blac Allisters, and Mac 

Emania should be ascribed to A. D. 331. Dugalds of Scotland; and Colla Dachrich, of 

'■ Achadh-leithdheirg. — This place, situated in the Mac Mahons of the county of Monaghan, of 

the territory of Fearnmhagh, now the barony the Maguires of Fermanagh, of the O'Hanlons 

of Farney, in the county of Monaghan, has not and Mac Canns of the county of Armagh, and 

yet been identified. of various other families. 

1 The Righe. — Now the Newry river, which ' King of Uladh Henceforward Uladh is 

is called " Owen Gkwee fluvius" on an old map applied to the circumscribed territory of the 

of a part of Ulster preserved in the State Papers' ancient Ulstermen. 

Office, London. — See note ^ under A. D. 1178. " Porti-igh, over Dabhall. — Dabhall was the 

' Loch n-Eathach : i. e. the Lake of Eochaidh, ancient name of the River Abhainn-mhor, or 
now Lough Neagh, a large and celebrated lake Blackwater, in the counties of Tyrone and Ar- 
between the counties of Antrim, Londonderry, magh ; and Portrigh, the King's Fort, was pro- 
Down, Armagh, and Tyrone. bably the ancient name of Benburb. The An- 

' Colla Meann. — He was the ancestor of the nals of Clonmacnoisc give Muirtadhach Tireach 

ancient inhabitants of Crioch-Mughdhorn, now but a reign of thirteen years, but tr. O'Conor 



331] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 125 

The Age of Christ, 33L The fifth year of Muireadliach. The battle of 
Achadh-leithdheirg'', in Fearnmhagh, [was fought] by the three Colhis against 
the Ulsterinen, in wliich fell Fearghus Fogha, son of Fraechar Foirtriun, tlie last 
king of Ulster, [who resided] at Eamhain. They afterwards burned Eamhain, 
and the Ulstermen did not dwell therein since. They also took from the 
Ulstermen that part of the province [extending] from the llighe" and Loch 
n-Eathach'' westwards. Colla Meann' fell in this battle. 

The Age of Christ, 356. After Muireadliach Tireach had been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Caelbhadh, son of Crunn, 
King of Uladh', at Portrigh, over Dabhall". 

The Age of Christ, 357. After Caelbhadh*, son of Crunn Badhrai, had 
been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Eochaidh Muio-h- 
mheadhoin. 

The Age of Christ, 358. The first year of Eochaidh Muighraheadhoin in 
sovereignty over Ireland 

The Age of Christ, 365. The eighth year of Eochaidh Muighraheadhoin", 
son of Muireadhach Tireach, over Ireland, when he died at Teamhair. 

The Age of Christ, 366. The first year of Crimhthann, son of Fidhach, 
son of Daire Cearb, over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 378. After Crimhthann, son ofFidhach\ had been 

thinks that thirty is the number borne out by 6on maoc Buoi aije), because he was mucli 

the more ancient authorities. troubled with the flux of the belly." 

" Caelbhadh — He was of the Rudrician race This monarch had two wives : Mongfiun, 

of Ulster. Tighernach does not mention him daughter of Fidhach, of the royal family of 

among the monarchs of Ii-eland ; but in all the Munster, by whom he had four sons : 1 . Brian, 

other authorities he is set down as monarch of the ancestor of the O'Conors of Connaught and 

Ireland for one year. their correlatives ; 2. Fiachra, the ancestor of 

^Eochaidh Muighmheadhoiti Dr. O'Conor the O'Dowdas, O'Heynes, andO'Shaughnessys; 

translates the cognomen Muighmheadhoin by 3. Fearghus; and 4. Oilioll, whose race were 

" Camporum cultor;'" and Keating asserts that anciently seated in Tir-Oiliolla, now the barony 

he was so called because his mcadhon, or middle, of Tirerrill, in the county of Sligo. He had 

was like that of a slave ; but the one explana- also a second wife, Carinna, who was the mother 

tion is a mere guess, the other a silly legend. of Niall of the Nine Hostages, the most illus- 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is explained trious of his sons, from whom the Ui-Neill, or 

as follows : Nepotes Neill, north and south, are descended. 

" Eochy reigned eight years and was called ' Crimhthann, son of Fidhach. — He was the 

Moynuoyn; in English, moyst-middle (.i. me«- senior and head of the race of Heber, but died 



126 



QHwa^a Rio^hachca emeaNH. 



[379- 



Oecc na jiij op Gpinn DoCpiorhrann, mac pioohaij, acbail Do Dij neime cucc 
TTloinjpionn a hpiuiji peipin Do. 

Qoip Cpiopr, rjif ceo pechrmosac anaoi. Qn ceo bliaDain Do Niall 
Naoijiallac, mac Gachach ITloijmfDoin, bi pi^e nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpi'opc, cfirpe ceD a ciiicc. lap mbfich peace mbliaDna picVifc ra 
pigh op Gpinn do Niall Naoi jiallach, mac Gachach ITloijmfDoin, Do pochaip 
la liGochaiD, mac 6nna Cenopealaig, occ TTluip nlochc .1. an muip eoip 
Ppanc -\ Sa;caiii. 



without issue at Sliabli-Oighidh-an-righ, i. e. 
the Mountain of the Death of tlie King, now 
the Cratloe mountains, situated to the north of 
the city of Limerick. It is remarked in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, and in the Book of Bally- 
mote, fol. 145, h, a, that Mongfinn poisoned her 
brother in the hope that her eldest son, Brian, 
might be immediately elevated to the throne of 
Ireland ; but that this was of no avail to her, 
for that Niall of the Nine Hostages, the son of 
King Eochaidh by his second wife, succeeded 
as monarch immediately after the poisoning of 
Crimhthann ; and that none of her descendants 
ever attained to the monarchy except Tvirlough 
More O'Conor, and liis son Roderic, who were 
luckless mouarchs to Ireland. Keating, who 
had access to Munster documents now un- 
known or inaccessible, gives a curious account 
of the reign of this monarch, the most powerful 
that the Munster race of Heber can boast of. 
It runs as follows in Dr. Lynch's translation : 

" Capessivit postea imperium Crimthonus 
Fidogi filius, Dairi Cearbi nepos, Olilli Flann- 
beggi pronepos, Fiachi MuQehani abnepos, 
Eogani Magni adnepos, Olilli Olumi trinepos, 
qui matrimonio FidamgK Connactici regis filia; 
cnpulatus septcmdecem annos regnavit, et Al- 
bania, Britannia, et Gallia victorias retulisse 
illarumque regionum incolas perdomuisse ve- 
tusta documenta produnt. Hie in alumnum 
suum Conallum Echluachum, Lugachi Manu- 
rubri filium Momonia; rcgnum contulit. Pro- 



pago vero Fiachi Mullehani honorem sibi debi- 
tum alii deferri iniquo animo ferentes de illata 
sibi injuria gravissimas spargunt usquequaque 
querelas in ingratitudinis scopulum non leviter 
impegisse Conallum dictitantes quod nulla cog- 
natorum habita ratione qua illos ob astatis pri- 
oritatem potior! jure, spectabat prudens et sciens 
involaret; prsesertim cum ex ipsorum genere 
vir ea dignitate dignissimus Corcus Lugdachi 
filius tum in vivis esset. Conallus ne ipse ma- 
cula ejusmodi notaretur, rem integram ad eos 
qui in ipsa Momonia eruditionis nomine cla- 
riores habebantux decidendam, ultro detulit 
sancte pollicitus quidquid illi decreverint se ad 
amussim expleturum. Arbitri, re accurate dis- 
cussa, Corco Lugdachi filio; ut qui a Fiachi 
Mullehani stirpe oriundus erat, qua; stirpem 
Cormaci Caissii setate prsecelleret, regni habenas 
prime committendas : Huic autem mortuo Co- 
nallum si superstes esset sin minus ejus filium 
substituendum esse censuerunt. Ubi hujus 
decreti capita, datis vadibus, se observaturum 
Corcus recepit, eum dignitatem regiam inire Co- 
nallus facile patitur; cum pra;sertim Olillus 
Olumus constituerit, ut Fiachi Muillehaai, et 
Cormaci Caissi prosapiaj regnandi vicissitudine 
semper in Momonia uterentur. 

" Demum Corcus fate fungitur, et Conallus 
Echluachus regimen capessit: cujus in custo- 
diam omnes quos in Hibcrnia, Albania, Britan- 
nia, et Gallia ca;pit, tradidisse his Cormaci Cul- 
Icnani carminibus pcrhibetur : 



379.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



127 



thirteen years as king over Ireland, he died of a poisonous drink wliich liis own 
sister gave hiin. 

The Age of Christ, 379. The first year of Niall of the Nine Hostages, son 
of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 405. After Niall of the Nine Hostages, son of Eoch- 
aidh Muighmheadhoin, had been twenty-seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain by Eochaidh, son of Enna Ceinnseallach, at Muir n-Icht'', i. e. the 
sea between France and England. 



" Ecliluachus Mulctam totius c»pit lernaa, 
Postquam Crlmthonus mulctas trans a?quora 

duxit, 
Nunquam Juvernse fuerat Rex clarior alter, 
Manna; tranavit quamvis freta livida nun- 
quam 
Crimthonus Magnus soboles Fidogia, prsedas. 
Quotuscumque tulit, vast! trans roquoris undas, 
Conallo Echluacho dederat, prajstantior alter 
Quo pugil baud fuerat, rubei gestamine tell 
Pectoris excels!, praiclarse et nomine mentis 
Conallus proedives equis velocibus omnem 
Lustravit patriam, Crimthonum rite secutus, 
Dunlemnamque adiit miles robustus, ibique 
Magnum hominum numerum miseranda cajde 

peremit. 
Foemeniaj Fertconellum, latifundia Aini, 
Dungarium, Drumcormacum, validumque 

Eathlemnum. 
Duncarmuum egregium Focharmaighumque 

decorum. 
Cassiliajque urbis Celebris pomoeria lata 
Sub ditione sua strenuus Conallus habebat. 

" Munfinna Crimtlioni sorer, filii sui Briani, 
quem ex Eocho Muighmheano suscepit, et pra; 
cseteris liberis in deliciis habuit, amore nimio, 
et regiaj dignitatis ad eum devenienda; vehe- 
menti desiderio accensa, venenum Crimthono 
fratri hauriendum porrexit in Dornglassise in- 
sula, poculo antea ab ipsa propinato, ut lectius 
fratri fucum facerit, et in maleficii suspicionem 



minus ei veniret ; sed male viscera paulatim 
rodente, ilia in Dornglassia; insula, ille vero ad 
montem Oiglienrighum, Lymbrico ab aquilone 
adjacentem interiit. Anno Domini 378." 

FromFiacliaFidhgheinte, the uncle of Crimli- 
thann Mor, descended the tribe of Ui-Fidh- 
gheinte, formerly seated in the plains of the 
county of Limerick, and who, after the establish- 
ment of surnames, branched into the families of 
O'Donovan, O'Coileain (now Collins) Mac Eniry, 
O'Kinealy, and others. 

" Muir n-Icht. — This sea is supposed to have 
taken its name from the Portus Iccius of Csesar, 
situated not far from the site of the present 
Boulogne. Nothing seems clearer than that 
this Irish monarch made incursions into Britain 
against Stilicho, whose success in repelling him 
and his Scots is described by Claudian. " By 
him," says this poet, speaking in the person of 
Britannia, " was I protected when the Scot 
moved all lerne against me, and the sea foamed 
with his hostile oars : 
" Totam cum Scotus lernen 

Movit et infesto spumavit remige Tethys." 

From another of this poet's eulogies it ap- 
pears that the fame of that Roman legion, 
which had guarded the frontier of Britain 
against the invading Scots, procured for it the 
distinction of being one of those summoned to 
the banner of Stilicho, when the Goths threat- 
ened Rome : 



128 



awNaca Rio^hachca eineaNN. 



[428. 



Qoip Cpiopc, cfiqie ceo piclie a boclic. lap mbfic rpi bliabna pichfc i 
pighe nG|ieann do Dachi, mac Piachpacli, mic GacViacTTloijrheaDoin, copch- 
aip t>o faijic jealain 05 Sleib Galpa. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceo rpioclia. Qn Dapa bliabam do Laojaipe. Ip 
in mbliaDainpi po paoib an ceD Celepcinup papa palaDiup eppcop Docum 
nGpeann do pfolab cpeiDme DGipfnncoiB,-] cainic 1 cci'p 1 ccpic Laijfn, oa pfp 
Decc a lion. r?o Diulc Naclii mac ^appcon poiitie, ap a ai po baipc uaraD 
Daoine 1 ccip nGpeann, -\ po poruijeab ceopa heccailpi cpairin laip, Cell 
piiini,Ueac na Roman,-) Oomnac Qpca. Q cCill piiine po paccaiB a liubpa, 
1 an cortipa 50 ccaipib p6il,-) pfoaip,-] mapnpech niomba noile. l?o pdccaib 
an cfrpap po ip na heccailpib ipin Dia eip, Qugiipciniip, beneoicrup, Siluep- 
rep,-] Soloniiip. Q5 cionnniD Do piiallaoiup pop ccul Do Roirh (o na puaip 
aipmircin 1 tiGpinn) Dop paipD galop 1 cci'pib Cpuicnec co nepbailc De. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceiclipe ceo cpiocha a liaon. Qn cpfp bliabain Do Caojaipe. 
l?o lioiponeab naorh parrpaicc 1 neppuccoiDe lapa naorh papa, an ceo 



" Venit et extremis Legio pra?tenta Britannia, 
Quffi Scoto dat fra^na truci, ferroque notatas 
Perlegit exanimes Picto moriente figtiras." — 

De Bella Getico. 
It would appear from certain passages in the 
Notitia Imperii that Niall on these occasions 
liad many tribes of tlie Aitheach-Tuatha, or 
Attacotti, in his army, who, being the natural 
enemies of his family, deserted to the eneiny, 
and were incorporated with the Roman legions: 
" The Attacotti make a distinguished figure 
in the Noiitia Imperii, where numerous bodies 
of them appear in the list of the Roman army. 
One body was in Illyricum, their ensign a kind 
of mullet ; another at Rome, their badge a 
circle; the Attacotti Honoriani were in Italy." 
— Pinkerton's Inquiry into the Ilistonj of Scotland, 
part iv. 0. 2 ; see also O'Conor's Prokgom., 1 . Ixxi. 
This great Monarch Niall had fourteen sons, 
of whom eight left issue, who are set down in 
the following order by O'Flaherty (Ogyyia, iii. 
85): 1. Laeghaire, from whom are descended 
the O'Coindhealbhains or Kcndellans of Ui- 



Laeghaire ; 2. Conall Crimhthainne, ancestor 
of the O'Melaghlins ; 3. Fiacha, a quo the Ma- 
geoghegans and O'Molloys ; 4. Maine, a quo 
O'Caharny, now Fox, O'Breen and Magawley, 
and their correlatives in Teffia. All these re- 
mained in Mcath. The other four settled in 
Ulster, where they acquired extensive territo- 
ries : 1. Eoghan, the ancestor of O'Neill, and 
various correlative families; 2. Conall Gulban, 
the ancestor of O'Donnell, itc. ; 3. Cairbre, 
whose posterity settled in the barony of Car- 
bury, in the now county of Sligo, and in the 
barony of Granard, in the county of Longford ; 
4. Enda Finn, whose race settled in Tir-Enda, 
in Tirconnell, and in Kinel-Enda, near the hill 
of Uisneach, in Westmeath. 

It was on the occasion of one of the descents 
of this monarch on the coast of Armoric Gaul 
that the soldiers carried oiF with them, among 
other captives, a youth then in his sixteenth 
year, who was afterwards the chief apostle of 
Ireland, namely, Patrick, the son of Calphurnius ; 
but it is very clcur from St. Jerome's notices of 



428.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



129 



The Age of Christ, 428. After Dathi, son of Fiachra, son of Eochaidh 
Muighmheadhoin, had been twenty-three years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was killed by a flash of lightning, at Sliabh Ealpa". 

The Age of Christ, 430. The second year of Lacghaire. In this year Pope 
Celestinus the First sent Palladius'' to Ireland, to propagate the faith among the 
Irish, and he landed in the country of Leinster with a company of twelve men. 
Nathi, son of Garchu, refused to admit him ; but, however, he baptized a few 
persons in Ireland, and three wooden churches'" were erected by him, [namely], 
Cell-Fhine, Teach-na-Romhan, and Domhnach-Arta. At Cell-Fhine he left his 
books, and a shrine witli the relics of Paul and Peter, and many martyrs besides. 
He left these four in these churches : Augustinus, Benedictus, Silvester, and 
Solinus. Palladius, on his returning back to Rome (as he did not receive 
respect in Ireland), contracted a disease in the country of the Cruithnigh, and 
died thereof 

The Age of Christ, 431. The third year of Laeghaire. Saint Patrick was 
ordained bishop by the holy Pope, Celestine the First, who ordered him to go 



Celestius, and from several old Lives of St. Pa- 
trick, that there were Christians in Ireland for 

some time previously to this reign See the 

Editor's Irish Grammar, Introd., pp. 1. li. 

* SUahh-Ealpa : i. e. the Alps. For curious 
notices of King Dathi, see Tribes and Customs of 
Ui-Fiachrach, pp. 17 to 27. Duald Mac Firbis 
states from the records of his ancestors that the 
body of Dathi was carried home to Ireland, and 
interred at Rathcroghan, where his grave was 
marked by a red pillar-stone. 

'' Palladius From the notice of this mis- 
sionary in Prosper's Chronicle, it is evident 
that there were some communities of Christians 
among the Scoti in Ireland. His -words are : 
" Ad Scotos in Christum credentes ordinatus a 
Papa Celestino Palladius primus Episcopus mit- 
titiir." The same writer boasts that this new 
missionary to the British isles, while endeavour- 
ing to keep the Koman island of Britain Catholic, 
had made the barbarous [i. e. not Romanized] 
island Christian, " Et ordinato Scotis Episcopo 



dum Romanam insulam studet servare Catho- 
licam, fecit etiam Barbaram Christianam." This 
sanguine announcement was issued by Prosper, 
in a work directed against the Semi-Pelagians, 
before the true result of Palladius's mission had 
reached him. This unsuccessful missionary did 
not live to report at Rome his failure in the 
barbarous island ; but, being driven by a storm 
on the coast of North Britain, there died at 
Fordun, in the district of Magh-Geirgin, or 
Mearns. — See Book of Armagh, fol. 2, p. a; and 
Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 248, col. 2. 

■^ Three tvooden churches. — These churches 
were situated in the territory of Ui-Garchon, 
which was washed by the River Inbher-Dea, in 
the east of the present county of Wicklow. 
Cellfino is unknown; Teach-na-Romhan, House 
of the Romans, is probably the place called Ti- 
groni ; and Domhnach-Arta is probably the pre- 
sent Dunard, near Redcross. For the various 
authorities which mention the erection of these 
churches see Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 249. 



130 



awMaca Rio^hachca eineaNH. 



[432. 



Celefnnup, ]io pupail paip cocr Docum nGpeann, do ■pfiiTrioipi do ppoicepc 
cpeDmi 1 cpabaiD Do ^aoiDealaiV), -| Dia mbairpeaoh iDip. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cficlipe ceo cpiocVia aDo. Ctn cearparhaD blmDain Do 
Laojaipe. pacrpaicc do cbeaclir i nGpinn an bliabainpi, 50 po gab pop 
bairpeaD "] beannachaij Gpeann, piopa, mna, maca, -\ ingfna, cen mo cd 
uQchaD na po paorh baicpiob na cpeiDearii uaD, arhuil aipnebeap a beaca. 

Qrb Upuim do pochujhaDh la pacpaicc lap na fDhpaipc Do pheolim, 
mac Laejbaipe, mic Nell, do Oliia, Doporii, do Common, ■] do popcchfpn. 
piann Dlainipcpec cecinic. 

pdDpuij, ab Gipeann mle, mac Calppainn, mic pocaioe, 

mic Oeippe, nap Doij do liuD, mic Copmiiic TTlhoip, mic Leibpiur, 

mic Ora, mic Oppic maif, mic TTloipic, mic Leo in lanpair, 

mic rna;cimi, moipg na ploinn, mic Gncpecca aipD alainD, 

mic pflipc ip pepjiap 015 cac, mic pepeni gan anpar, 

mic bpicrain, Dobpa in mapa, o cair bpecain bpurrhapa, 

Cochniap a rharaip malla, Nemchop a baile baja, 

Don rriumain ni cael a cuiD, po paop ap pucaip pdopaij. 



"* Came to Ireland. — The place wliere St. Pa- 
trick landed is the subject of much dispute 
among the Irish writers. Mageoghegan, in his 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, states that he landed 
at Wicklow, where he was opposed by the 
Leinstermen, one of whom struck one of his 
companions on the mouth with a stone, and 
knocked out four of his teeth, for which reason 
he was afterwards called Mantanus, or the tooth- 
less, and the church of Cill-Mantain, now Wick- 
low, is said to have taken its name from him 

See also Ussher's Primordia, pp. 845, 846. Mr. 
Moore thinks that Inbhear-Deaj was the harbour 
of Dublin, but this opinion is founded on a mis- 
reading o{ Evoknormn for Cuoknorimi by Ussher, 
in Probus's Life of St. Patrick, which the Book 
of Armagh enables us to correct. From the si- 
tuation of Cualann and Ui-Garchon, in which 
Inbher Dc£C was, it is more than probable that 
it was at Bray Patrick landed. 



^ His Life Seven Lives of St. Patrick have 

been published by Colgan in his Trias Thanm., 
of which the seventh, which is called Vita Tri- 
partita, and is ascribed to St. Evin, is the most 
copious. Ussher had another life, divided into 
three parts, which, from the several quotations 
he gives from it, appears to be very different 
from the Tripartite Life published by Colgan. It 
appears, from the various Lives of this saint, 
that several tribes of the Irish not only refused 
to be converted, but attempted to murder St. 
Patrick. Giraldus Cambrensis says that Ire- 
land never produced a single martyr, and all 
the modern Irish historians have asserted that, 
" by a singular blessing of Providence, not a 
single drop of blood was shed, on account of re- 
ligion, through the entire course of the conver- 
sion of the Pagan Irish to Christianity." But 
whoever will read the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, as published by Colgan, will find that the 



432.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 131 

to Ireland, to preach and teach faith and piety to the Gaeidhil, and also to bap- 
tize them. 

The Age of Christ, 432. The fourth year of Laeghaire. Patrick came to 
Ireland" this year, and proceeded to baptize and bless the Irish, men, women, 
sons, and daughters, except a few who did not consent to receive faith or bap- 
tism from him, as his Life" relates. 

Ath-Truim was founded by Patrick, it having been granted by Fedhlim, son 
of Laeghaire, son of Niall, to God and to him, Loman, and Fortchern. Flann 
Mainistrecl/ cecinit : 

Patrick, Abbot of all Ireland, son of Calphrann^, son of Fotaide, 

Son of Deisse, — not fit to be dispraised, son of Cormac Mor, son of Lebriuth, 

Son of Ota, son of Orric the Good, son of Moric, son of Leo of full success, 

Son of Maximus, 'tis not unfit to name him, son of Encretti, the tall and comely, 

Son of Philisti, the best of men, son of Fereni without a tempest. 

Son of Britan", otter of the sea, from whom the vigorous Britons came ; 

Cochnias was his modest mother ; Nemthor his native town ; 

Of Munster not small his share, which Patrick redeemed from sorrow. 

Pagan Irish made several attempts at murdering ^ Son of Calphrann St.Patrick himself gives 

Patrick, and that he had frequently but a nar- us two generations of his pedigree, in his Con- 
row escape. He will be also convinced that our frssio, as follows : "Patrem habui Calpornium 
modern popular writers have been guilty of diaconum, filium quondam Potiti presbyteri, 
great dishonesty in representing the labours of qui fuit in vico Bonavem Tabernia; : villulam 
Patrick as not attended with much difficulty. Enon prope habuit ubi capturam dedi." 
Nothing is clearer than that Patrick engrafted '' Britan. — This pedigree is clearly legendary, 
Christianity on the Pagan superstitions with so because Britan, from whom the Britons are said 
much skill, that he won the people over to the to have derived their name and origin, is said, by 
Christian religion before they understood the all the Irish writers, to have flourished before 
exact difference between the two systems of the arrival of the Tuatha-De-Dananns in Ire- 
belief ; and much of this half Pagan half Chris- land ; and, therefore, to deduce the Irish apostle's 
tian religion will be found, not only in the Irish pedigree from him in fifteen generations, cannot 
stories of the middle ages, but in the supcrsti- now, for a moment, stand the test of criticism. — 
tions of the peasantry of the present day. See this pedigree given from various authorities 

f Flann Mainistrech : i. e. Flann of the Mo- in Colgan's Trias Thaum., pp. 4, 224. 

nastery. He was abbot of Mainistir-Buithe, After this quotation from Flann, the Stowe 

now Monasterboice, in the county of Louth, copy has the following observation : " San oapa 

and died in December, 1056. — See O'Eeilly's Duille um Diaij aza an cuid ele Don Duanpi 

Descriptive Catalogue of Irish Writers, p. Ixxv. .i. map a bpuil 'niuincip paopuig na pac- 

S2 



132 



awHata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[434. 



Qoip CpioiT, cfichpe ceo cjiiocliac a cfcbaip. Qn peipean bliabain 
t)o Laojciipe. Loapn mac Gachach TTluinpfmai]! oo jenfo. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficlipe ceo cpiocVia a cuij. Qn peaccmaO bliaOain Do 
Lao^aipe. bpeapal belacli, mac piacha Cticfoha, mic Cachaoip TTloip, (pi 
Laighean) 065. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceifpe ceo cpiocha a pe. Ctn roccifiaD blmoain do plaiciop 
Lao^aipe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceichpe clieo cpiocTiac a peace. Qn naomao bliaoam do 
Laojaipe. pionoBapp mac ua baipoene oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceo cpioclia a hocVic. Qn DCchmab bliabain do 
Laogaipe. Seancup -\ peneachup na hGpeann do jlanaD"] Do pcpioBaD, ap 
ccfclamaD pcpeapcpao "] pfinleabap nCpeann co liaon maijin, ap impioe 
Naorh pacpaicc. Qciao anopo naoi pailje pocliaijreacha lap a nofpnab 
inDpin. Caojaipe (.1. pi Gpeann), Copcc 1 Daipe an cpiup p'ojli, paopuicc, 
6enen, "| Caipnech an cpnip naorh, Tioy, OuBchacli, -| pfpjup an cpiup 
peanchab, amail beapbap an pann. 



cep,' " i. e. " On the second leaf following the 
rest of this poem is [given], i. e. where occurs 
' Muintir Padruig na Patter ; ' " which Dr. 
O'Conor translates, ridiculously, as follows : 
" In Scholarum libris de rebus divinis extat 
pars reliqua hujus carminis, i. e. de mirabilibus 
familiiB Patricii orationum." — See the poem so 
beginning, p. 134, line 13, infra. The object of 
the note by the Four Masters is simply to in- 
form the reader that the lines beginning " 3Ium- 
ter Fadruiff" are a continuation of the poem of 
Flann Mainistreach. 

' Loam. — He was one of the Dal-Riada of 
Ulster who settled in Alba or Scotland. 

J Breasal Bealach. — He is called Bex Lagenim 
in the Annals of Ulster. — He is the common 
ancestor of the Kavanaghs, O'Byrnes, O'Tooles, 
and other families of Leinster. — See Leahhar na 
yCeaii, p. 203. 

'' jl/rtc Ua Bairdene. — This Finnbharr is to be 
distinguished from the first Bishop of Cork and 
others of a similar name. His name does not 



occur in the Feilire-Aengiiis, or in O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar. It would appear from various autho- 
rities, which Ussher and Colgan have regarded 
as trustworthy, but which Dr. Lanigan rejects 
as fabulous, that by Uabard the Irish writers 
meant Longobardus, or a Lombard. Thus Res- 
titutus, the husband of Liemania, St. Patrick's 
sister, is called one time Hua-Baird, and at ano- 
ther time Longobardus See Petrie's Inquiry 

into the Origin and Uses of the Round Towers of 
Ireland, p. 1 64 ; Ussher's Primordia, p. 825 ; Col- 
gan's Trias Thaum., p. 226, col. 2 ; Dr. O'Conor's 
Prolegomena ad Annales, pp. 1. Ixiv. 

' The Seanchus and Fcinechus : i. e. the His- 
tory and Laws. The work said to have been 
compiled on this occasion is usually called the 
Seanchus Mor, and in the Annals of Ulster 
Chronicon Magnum. There are fragments of a 
work so called in the manuscript Library of 
Trin. Coll. Dub., H. 3. 17, and H. 3, 18. and a 
more perfect one in the British Museum. Jo- 
celyn also refers to it (as if he had seen it) under 



434.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



133 



The Age of Christ, 434. The sixth year of Laeghaire. Loarn', son of 
Eochaidh Muiureamhar, was born. 

The Age of Christ, 435. The seventh year of Laeghaire. Breasal Bea- 
lach', son of Fiaclm Aiceadh, son of Cathaeir Mor (King of Leinster), died. 



The eighth year of tlie reign of Laeghaire. 
The ninth year of Laeghaire. Finnbliarr Mac 



The Age of Christ, 436. 

The Age of Christ, 437. 
Ua Bairdene", died. 

The Age of Christ, 438. The tenth year of Laeghaire. The Seanchus and 
Feinechus' of L'eland were purified and written, the writings and old books 
of Ireland having been collected [and brought] to one place, at the request of 
Saint Patrick. These were the nine supporting props by whom this was done: 
Laeghaire, i. e. King of Ireland, Core, and Daire, the three kings ; Patrick, 
Benen, and Cairneach, the three saints ; Ross, Dubhthach, and Fearghus, the 
three antiquaries, as this quatrain testifies : 



the name of Ganoin-Phadruig, incorrectly for 
Cain-Pliadruig, i. e. Patrick's Law, as follows : 
" Magnum etiam volumen quod dicitur Canoin 
Phadruig, id est, CanonesPatricii scTvpsit.\ quod 
cuillbet persons, seu seculari, seu etiam Eocle- 
siasticae, ad justiciam exercendam, et salutem 
animse obtinendam, satis congrue convenit." — 
Trias Tliaiirn., pp. 214, col. 1. SeePetrie's An- 
tiquilies of Tara Hill, in which (pp. 47-54) long 
extracts are given from the prefatory account of 
this work in the manuscript above referred to ; 
and p. 56, where the author draws the following 
conclusion respecting its origin and nature : 

" On the whole, then, it may be safely con- 
cluded from the preceding evidences, that the 
Seanchus Mor was not, as Colgan and the sub- 
sequent writers supposed, a mixed compilation 
of history and law, but a body of laws solely ; 
and though, perhaps, there is not sufficient evi- 
dence to satisfy an unprejudiced person that 
the Apostle of Ireland had any share in its 
composition, or even that its origin can be 
traced to his time, little doubt can be enter- 
tained that such a work was compiled within a 
short period after the full establishment of 



Christianity in the country. It is even highly 
probable that St. Patrick, assisted by one of the 
Bards converted to Christianity, may have laid 
the foundation of a revision of such of the Pagan 
laws and usages of the country as were incon- 
sistent with the doctrines of the Gospel ; and 
that such a work, when compiled by the labour 
of his successors, was ascribed to him, to give it 
greater authority with the people. And this 
conjecture is supported by the Annals of Ulster, 
so remarkable for their accuracy, which record, 
at the year 438, the composition of the Chronicoa 
Magnum, or, as it is called in the original Irish, 
in the fine manuscript of tliese Annals in Trinity 
College, Seanchus Mor, a statement most proba- 
bly derived from the older Annals of Tighernach, 
which are now defective at that period." 

It is distinctly stated in H. 3. 18, that the 
Seanchus Mor was otherwise called Cain Pha- 
druig, i. e. Patrick's Law, and that no indivi- 
dual Brehon of the Gaeidhil (Irish Scoti) has 
dared to abrogate any thing found in it. Hence 
it is clear that Jocelyn has misnamed the '^mag- 
num volumen," containing civil and ecclesiastical 
laws, by the name of Canoin Phadruig, for that 



134 



aNwata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[440. 



Laojaipe, Cope, Daipe Dup, paopaicc, 6enen, Caipnfch coip, 
Tiof, Oubchach, peapgup 50 peB, naoi pailje pen pfncaip tnoip. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD cfirpacha. Qn Dapa bliabain Decc do Laojaipe. 
TDaine, mac Nell Naoijiallaij, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceD cfrpacha a cTcaip. Qn peipeaD bliabain Decc 
DO Laojaipe mac Neill ipin Pighe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceo, cfcpacha apeachc. Qnaoi Decc Do Laojaipe. 
SecunDinup j. Seaclmall, mac ua baipD, mac pfrap pacpaicc .1. Oaipepca, 
eppcop Q]iDa Ulacha, cuicc bliaDna pfccmojac a aoip an ran po paoiD a 
j^pipac .1. 27 Nouembep. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceirpe ceD cfrpacha a hochr. Qn picfcrhaD bliaDain do 
Loojaipe. 

TTluinnrep piiaDpuig na pacrep, acca paiBe po Laiccen, 
TTIeabpa lim, ni cuipc cpanna, a nuipc ip a nanmanna. 
Sechnall a eppoj jan ace, TTlocca ap pein a pagapc, 



was tlie name by which the Irish designated 
St. Patrick's copy of the Gospels, now known 
as the Book of Armagh. 

" Core. — This quotation is evidently apochry- 
phal. He was not contemporary with King 
Laeghaire or St. Patrick's mission, for he was 
the grandfather of Aenghus Mac Nadfraich, the 
first Christian King of Munster 0[ii/gia,iu.786. 

" Cairneach ^He could have scarcely been 

alive in 438, and he could not possibly have been 
then an ecclesiastic, for he died in 530, near a 
century afterwards, and Benignus or Benen was 
but a boy in 438. — See Leabhar na-gCeaH, In- 
troduction, p. iii. et sequent. 

" Maine, son of Niall. — He was the ancestor 
of the O'Caharnys, O'Breens, Magawleys, and 
other families of TefBa, which was sometimes 
called Tir-Maine from him. 

'■ Seachnall Mac Ua Baird. — According to all 
the ancient Irish authorities, he was the son of 
Liamhain or Liemania, otherwise called Darerca, 
one of the sisters of St. Patrick, by Restitutus 



the Lombard, and the author of a hymn in 
praise of St. Patrick, published by Colgan in 

Trias Thaitm., p. 211 See Ussher's Pn'morrfi'a, 

p. 824, and Lanigan's Ecd. Hist. Irel., vol. i. 
pp. 259, 271, where it is shewn from various 
authorities that he was a suffragan bishop to St. 
Patrick, and that his principal church was Domh- 
nach Sechnail, i. e. the Church of Sechnall, now 
Dunshaughlin, in Meath, where he was placed 
by St. Patrick about the year 443, and died in 
448. Dr. Lanigan scoffs at the idea of Darerca, 
the sister of St. Patrick, being married to Res- 
titutus, a Lombard. In the Annals of Ulster, arf 
mm. 439, it is stated that Seachnall, or Secun- 
dinxis, was sent to Ireland, along with two other 
bishops, Auxilius and Isernius, to assist St. Pa- 
trick. The only authority for making Secun- 
dinus Archbishop of Armagh is a passage in the 
Tripartite Life of St. Patrick (lib. iii. c. 81), 
which states, that before St. Patrick set out for 
Rome in search of relics, he had intrusted 
Secundinus with the care of the archbishopric 



440.] 



ANiNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



13.5 



Laegliaire, Core", Daire the stern, Patrick, Benen, Cairneach" the just, 
Ross, Dubhthach, Fearghus with goodness, the nine props these of the 
Seanchus Mor. 

The Age of Christ, 440. The twelfth year of Laeghaire. Maine, son of 
Niall" of the Nine Hostages, died. 

The Age of Christ, 444. The sixteenth year of Laeghaire, son of Niall, 
in the sovereignty. 

The Age of Christ, 447. The nineteenth year of Laeghaire. Secundinus, 
i. e. Seachnall Mac Ua Baird", the son of Patrick's sister, Darerca, Bishop of 
Ard-Macha [Armagh], yielded his spirit on the twenty-seventh of November, 
in the seventy-fifth year of his age. 

The Age of Christ, 448. The twentieth year of Laeghaire. 

The family of Patrick'' of the prayers, who had good Latin, 

I remember ; no feeble court [were they], their order, and their names. 

Sechnair, his bishop without fault ; Mochta' after him his priest ; 



of Armagh and the primacy of Ireland ; but it 
is very clear, from the whole tenor of Patrick's 
proceedings, that he did not go to Rome on this 
occasion; and it is equally clear that Secundinus 
was never Archbishop of Armagh, though he 
might have resided there while Patrick was 
preaching in other parts of Ireland. 

"> The family of Patrick. — This poem is very 
incorrectly deciphered and translated by Dr. 
O'Conor. His errors are corrected in this edi- 
tion of it, from a fuller and better copy pre- 
served in the Book of Lecan, fol. 44, h, and 
from a prose list of the twenty-four persons 
constituting the household of St. Patrick pre- 
fixed to it. A list of the principal persons men- 
"tioned in this poem is also given by Evinus, in 
the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. iii. c. 98 ; 
Trias Thaum., p. 167, col. i. 

' Sechnall. — " Sanctus enim Secundinus Epis- 
copus, fuit ipsius Vicarius in spiritualibus et 
sufFraganeus." — Evinus, Trias Thaum., p. 1 67, 
col. i. 



' Mochta — " Sanctus Mocteus fuit ejus Archi- 
prffisbyter." — Evinus. This is Mocteus of Louth, 
whose acts are given by Colgan at 24th March. 
In the Calendar of Cashel and Martyrology of 
Donegal, as quoted by Colgan, he is called bi- 
shop, and Ware also gives him this title ; yet 
Adamnan, in his second preface to the Life of 
St. Columba, does not style him bishop ; but 
merely calls him " Proselytus Brito, homo 
sanctus, Sancti Patricii episcopi discipulus, Moc- 
theus nomine." An epistle, referred to by most 
of the Irish annalists, as written by Mocteus him- 
self, was headed with these words: " Mauchteus 
peccator iwesbyter, sancti Patricii discipulus, in 
Domino salutem." In the Irish Calendar of 
O'Clery it is stated that he lived to the age of 
300 years ; and the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
give him an age of 300 years and three days ; 
but Colgan and Lanigan, after a careful exami- 
nation of the errors of transcribers, and a com- 
parison of collateral facts, have reduced his years 
to 100, or 130. 



136 



aHNQf-a ijio^hachca eipeaNN. 



[448. 



Gppog Gpc a bjieirearh binn, a fpeinpeayi Gfpog TTlaccaeipcirin. 

benen a pailmcearlaio ]'ae\\, ajup Coemdn a rhacaerh. 

Smell a pfp bein in cluic, a^up Qircfn a pip coic. 

Cpuirhrep nieapcan gan bine, a capa pa cipppipe. 

Cpuirhrep bepcnair, binne a painn, pasapc meipe mic QlppainD. 

Q rpi jcibainD, japca a noealb, TTlacecr, Laeban, ip poprceapno. 

Q rpi cepDo, pa mop par, Qepbuire, Uaipill, "] Capach. 



t Bisho}) Ere. — " Sanctus Ercus Episcopus, 
Cancellarius, et supremus judex in spirituali- 
bus." — Evinus. He was the first Bishop of 
Slane, which is described in the Irish Calendar 
of O'Clery at 2nd November, and in a note in 
the Feilire Aeiiguis, at I6th November, as Fertai 
Fer Feic, by the side of Sidli-Truim, on the west. 
The annals of Ulster refer his death to the year 
514. See Ussher's Primord., p. 1047. His fes- 
tival was held at Slane on the 2nd of November. 

" Maccaeirihinn Although he is not given 

in Evinus's list of St. Patrick's household, 
he is mentioned by him, in part iii. c. 3, as 
" baculus senectutis ipsius, qui eum in hu- 
meris gestabat." In the Book of Lecan he is 
called "a cpenpeap," i. e. "his mighty man, or 
champion." He was the first Bishop of Clogher, 
and died in the year 50G See Ussher's Pri- 
mord., pp. 856, 1123. It is stated in the Irish 
Calendar of O'Clery, at 15th August, that his 
real name was Aedh, and that he was called 
Feardachrioch when he was abbot of Dairinis. 
His acts are given by Colgan, in his Acta Sanc- 
torum, at 24th March, pp. 737-742. 

" Benen, hispsalmist. — Dr. O'Conor translates 
this, '* Benignus ejus Horarius (sive temporis 
monitor);" but he is beneath criticism in this 
and a thousand other instances. Colgan pub- 
lished several chapters from the Life of this 
saint in his Trias Thaum., p. 205. It is stated 
that he became a bishop, and succeeded Patrick 
at Armagh, in 455, and died in 468. He is said 
to have been the original compiler of the Psalter 



of Cashel, and of Leabhar na-gCeart. — See the 
edition of that work printed for the Celtic So- 
ciety, Introduction, pp. ii. to xi. 

>■ Coemhan. — " Sanctus Coemanus de Kill- 
Choemain, Cubicularius." — Evinus. See also 
Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 177, n. 88; and Acta 
Sanctomm, pp. 312, 313. In the list of St. 
Patrick's disciples given in the Book of Lecan, 
he is called " Caerhan ChiUe l^iaoci, Caemhan 
of Kilready." Dr. O'Conor thinks that he was 
the same as Coemhan of Enach-Truim, in Leix; 
but this is impossible, for the latter was the 
brother of St. Kevin of Glendalough, who died 
in the year 618. 

^ Sindl, Ins hell-ringer. — This is incorrectly 
printed " Sribhall feair bunadaig," by Dr. 
O'Conor. In the list of St. Patrick's household, 
preserved in the Book of Lecan, this line reads, 
"SinelL u pep bein in cluic, i. e. Sinell was his 
Bell-ringer." Evinus calls him "Senellus de Kill- 
dareis, Campanarius,"on which Colgan writes the 
following note in his Trias Thaum., p. 1 88, n. 1 20 : 
" Cum Cill-dareis idem sit ac cella duarum pal- 
marum, sive duabus palmis lata ; forte hfcc cella, 
est, qute aliter Carcuir Sinchilt, i. e. reclusorium 
Sinelli, nuncupatur, jacetque in insula lacus, 
Loch Melge appellati, in fiuibus septentrionalis- 
Connaciaj." In the prose list preserved in the 
Book of Lecan he is called "Sinell Chilli aipip 
a aipcipe, i. c. Sinell of Killairis, his Ostiarius." 

" Aithcen This is printed Aithrcoir by Dr. 

O'Conor. Evinus calls him " Athgenius de 
Both-domnaich, coquus," which perfectly agrees 



448.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



137 



Bishop Ere' bis sweet-spoken Judge ; liis champion, Bishop Maccaeirthinn" ; 

Benen, his psalmist"; and Coemhan'', his chamberlain ; 

SinelP his bell-ringer, and Aithcen'' his true cook ; 

The priest Mescan'', without evil, his friend and his brewer ; 

The priest Bescna', sweet his verses, the chaplain of the son of Alprann. 

His three smiths", expert at shaping, Macecht, Laebhan", and Fortchern^ 

His three artificers^, of great endowment, Aesbuite, Tairill, and Tasach. 



with the prose list in the Book of Lecan. He is 
the patron saint of the church of Badoney, in 
the valley of Gleann-Aichle, near Strabane, in 

Tyrone See Trias Thanm. p. 188, n. 121. His 

pedigree is thus given by O'Clery : " Aithgen, 
of Both-Domhnaigh, son of Dael, son of Maisin, 
son of Fearghus, son of Duach, son of Breasal, 
son of CoUa Meann, son of Eochaidh Doimhlen." 

'' Mescan Evinus calls him " Sanctus Mes- 

chanus de Domnach" [Mescain] "juxta Foch- 
muine fluvium, Cerviciarius." The word in 
brackets, which was erroneously omitted by Col- 
gan, has been supplied from the prose list in 
the Book of Lecan. His church was situated 
near the River Fochmhuine, now the Faughan, 
in the county of Londonderry, but it has not 
been yet identified. 

° Bescna. — " Sanctus Beschna prsesbyter de 
Domnach - dala, Sacellanus." — Evinus. This 
church, which is called Domhnach-Dula in the 
prose list in the Book of Lecan, was in the plain 
of Magh-dula, through which the River Moyola, 
in the south of the county of Londonderry, flows. 
—See Trias Thaum., p. 188, n. 123. 

^ His three smiths Evinus, as edited by Col- 

gan, mentions but two smiths of St. Patrick, 
thus: " Sanctus Macceclus de Domnach- loebain, 
qui reliquiarium illud famosum Finn-faidheach 
nuncupatum fabricavit, et Sanctus Fortchernus 
de Rath-aidme duo fabri ferrarii." But this is 
obviously a blunder of Colgan's, as Loebhan was 
unquestionably the saint of Domhnach-Loebhain. 
In the prose list in the Book of Lecan the former 



is called ITlaccecc 6 t)omnac Qpnoin, i. e. Mac- 
cecht of Domhnach Arnoin. The text of Evinus 
should stand corrected thus : " Sanctus Mac- 
cectus" [de Domnach- Arnoin, et Sanctus Loeba- 
nus^ "de Domnach-loebain, qui reliquiarium 
illud fauiosiija Finn-faid/ieach nuncupatum fabri- 
cavit ; et Sanctus Fortchernus de Rath-Semni, 
tres fabri ferrarii." The words in brackets shew 
what has been evidently omitted in Colgan's 
edition of the Tripartite Life. 

* Laebhan. — There are two saints of this name 
mentioned in the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, 
one on the 1st of June, called Loebhan of Ath- 
Eguis, and the other on the 9th of August. 
Colgan states that Domhnach-Loebhain was 
called Cill-Loebhain in his own time, and that 
it was a parish church in the diocese of Clon- 
fert.— Trias Thaum., p. 188, n. 129. It is evi- 
dently the church now called Killian. 

' Fortchern " Sanctus Fortchernus de Rath- 
aidme, faber ferrarius." — Eviniis. In the prose 
list in the Book of Lecan he is called " F°P- 
chepn 1 Uair Semni," i.e. Fortchern of Rath- 
Semhni. He was the son of the Monarch Laegh- 
aire mac Neill, and had a church at Ath- 
Truim, now Trim, in Meath, and another at 
Cill- Fortchern, in Idrone, in the present county 
of Carlow. His festival was celebrated at both 
phices on the II th of October. 

^ His three artificers. — Evinus names them 
as follows : " Sanctus Essa, Sanctus Biteus, ac 
Sanctus Tassa, tres fabri a-rarii, vasorumque 
sacrorum fabricatores." In the prose list in the 



138 



aNwaca Rio^haclica eiReawN. 



[448. 



a r\v Dpuinecba nac Dip, Lupnio, Gpca, Cpuimriiiif. 
Obpan a ajiagan oil, Rooan, mac 611050 a buocoil, 
Ippip, Uigjiip, If 6pco, ogiif Liarhain lo Gibeocco, 
P0D11U15 yiop po]ipan on becpo, DoiB po bo ceopB peapca, 
Coipniuc pctjopc pon Boipc, ^epmon a oiDe con oipg, 
CpuiiTirep ITlanoc po mop par, o pep coip po connoDoc. 
niac t)0 piop banban co mbloib, TTlapcain bjidraip amdrap. 
r?apo po 50C op oglac, TTloconTioc o comgopmoc. 



Book of Lecan, they are called Gf piu -] 6ice -| 
Capan, and nevertheless in Flaun's poem, which 
is given as the authority for that list, they are 
called Qippmice, Caipill, Capac. The last only 
has been identified. He was the patron saint of 
Eath-Cholptha, now Eaholp village, near Saul, 
in the county of Down. The other two names 
have been so corrupted by transcribers that 
they are difficult to determine. Colgan thinks 
that Essa should be Ossa, or Ossan, as Patrick 
had a disciple of that name, whose memory was 
venerated at Trim, in Meath. He makes no 
attempt at identifying Bite, or Biteus. The Irish 
Calendar of O'Clery gives a saint of that name 
at 2'2nd July, as Biteus, abbot of Inis-Cumh- 
scraidhe, now Inishcourcy, near Downpatrick. 
Tairill is found in Flann's poem only. 

' His three embroiderers — " Sancta Lupita, 
Tigrida, et Crumtheris textrices et sacrorum 
lintcorum erant confectrices." — Evinus. 

In the prose list in the Book of Lecan they 
arc named thus : " Q rpi opuinechu .1. ?,upaiD, 
-| 6pc, ingen t)aipi,i Cpuimchepip, i.e. Lupaid, 
and Ere, daughter of Dairi, and Crumtheris." 
The Lupaid here mentioned was Lupita, Pa- 
trick's own sister. Ere, the daughter of Dairi, 
was no other than Ergnata, the daughter of 
Dairi, King of Oirthcr, who granted Armagh to 
Saint Patrick. — Sec a very strange story about 
her in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. iii. 
c. 72. Crumtheris was a lady of royal birth, 
who lived in solitude on the hill of Kenngobha, 



to the east of Armagh See Vit. Trip.^ lib. iii. 

c. 74; Trias Thaum., p. 163. 

' Odhran. — Evinus calls him " Sanctus Odra- 
nus de Disert-Odhrain in Hifalgia, auriga," 
which perfectly agrees with the prose list in 
the Book of Lecan : " Oopan 6 Dipepc Oopam 
a ^lUa apciD." He is mentioned in all the Lives 
of St. Patrick published by Colgan — See Vita 
Tripart., part iii. c. 56, where there is a curious 
story told about an attempt made by an Irish 
chieftain to murder St. Patrick. 

J Rodan Dr. O'Conor jirints this Eochan. 

Evinus calls him " Sanctus Eodanus, Armenta- 
rius." In the prose list in the Book of Lecan, 
he is called " Rooan a buacail." 

^ Ippis, &c These are said to have been the 

five sisters of St. Patrick ; but Dr. Lanigan has 
attempted to shew that St. Patrick had no real 
sisters in Ireland, and thinks that these were 
religious women wlio were called his sisters in 
a spiritual, not carnal sense. — See his Ecclesias- 
tical History of Ireland, vol. i. pp. 125, 126, where 
this acute historian writes : " Still more un- 
founded are the stories concerning St. Patrick's 
sisters, who are said to have been with him in 
Ireland, and their numberless children. Part 
of this stuH' is given by Ussher {Primordia, 
p. 824, seqq.) ; but Colgan has collected the whole 

of it in a large dissertation (lYias Thaum., 

p. 224, seqq.y 

' Cairninch It is so printed by Dr. O'Conor, 

who says in a note : " Omnes vita? vetustiores 



448.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



139 



His three embroiderers", not despicable, Lupaid, Erca, and Cruimthiris. 
Odliran', his charioteer, without blemish, Eodan', son of Braga, his shepherd. 
Ippis", Tigris, and Erca, and Liamhain, with Eibcachta : 
For them Patrick excelled in wonders, for them he was truly miraculous. 
Carniuch' was the priest that baptized him ; German" his tutor, without ble- 
mish. 
The priest Manach", of great endowment, was his man for supplying wood. 
His sister's son" was Banban, of fame ; Martin'' his mother's brother. 
INIost sapient was the youth Mochonnoc'', his hospitaller. 



eum appellant Gorniam." 

In the copy of Flann's poem, preserved in the 
Book of Lecan, the reading is: "^op^'^r '" 
pacapc po Baipc, i. e. Gornias the priest who 
baptized him." 

■" German. — All the Lives of Patrick agree 
that St. Germanus was his tutor. Colgan at- 
tempts to shew that Patrick had been under his 
tuition as early as the year 396 ; but the acute 
Dr. Lanigan clearly j^roves (vol. i. p. 161), that 
Patrick could not have been under the direction 
of St. German before the year 418. 

" Manach. — Evinus calls him: " Sanctus 
Monachus prcesbyter focarius lignorumque pro- 
visor." In the prose list in the Book of Lecan 
he is called " Cpuimrfp manac a pecip berirha 
connaij, i. e. Cruimhther Manach his provider 
of wood." 

° His sister's son In the copy of Flann's 

poem, in the Book of Lecan, the reading is, 
"Sfnnan a Bparaip co mblao, i.e. Seannan 
was his brother" [or cousin] " of fame " Nei- 
ther name has been identified with true history, 
and it is more than probable that both owe their 
existence to the errors of the transcribers. 

■■ Martin In the Tripartite Life, ajnid 

Colgan {Trias Thaum., p. 117), it is stated that 
Conchessa, St. Patrick's mother, was the sister 
or relative of St. Martin : " Conchessa Ecbatii 
filia ex Francis oriunda, et S. Martini soror, seu 



cognata, ejus mater fuit." But Dr. Lanigan 
thinks that there is not sufficient authority to 
prove this fact : " There is a sort of tradition 
that she" [Conchessa] " was a near relative of 
the great St. Martin of Tours, either his sister, 
or, what is less improbable, a niece of his. I 
have not been able to find any sufficient autho- 
rity for it ; and it seems to be foiinded on a mis- 
take, in consequence of its having been said that 
St. Patrick, after his release from captivity, 
spent some time with St. Martin at Tours." — 
Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 124. 

■i Mochonnoc. — " Sanctus Catanus prassbyter, 
et Ocanotus prKsby ter duo hospitalarii, sive hos- 
pitum ministri." — Evinus. 

In the prose list in the Book of Lecan the 
reading is : " Cpuimrep Caodn 6 Camlaccain 
Qpooa, 1 Cpuimrep mSpojtin a oa popmepi; 
i.e. Priest Cadan of Tamlaghtard, and Priest 
Brogan, his two waiters." 

The memory of St. Cadan, or Catanus, is still 
held in great veneration in the parish of Tam- 
laghtard, or Ardmagilligan, in the barony of 
Keenaght, and county of Londonderry. Colgan 
gives the acts of Mochonnoc at 11th February, 
and states that he flourished about A. D. 492 ; 
but Dr. Lanigan shews that he lived at a much 
later period. — See his Ecclesiastical History of 
Ireland, vol. i. p. 425. The Brogan of the prose 
list in the Book of Lecan is evidently intended 

2 



140 



awNQ^a Rio^hachca eiT?eaNN. 



[449. 



Cjiibpi ip Lay^pa na leano, injeana jlana ^lejpano, 

rPacpaib cap pai abip ay Gpc, pa rapnjaip pe na cpi umeacc 

bpojan pgpibnm a pcoile, Cpuirhrep Lo^a a luamaipe. 

Moca ne ni nac canca, ajup TTlacui a pipDrilra 

TTiair peap Dampar muinncep rhop Da Dapo Oia bacaill cen bpon, 

pViiri ca cluinncep na cluic, muinncep mair muincep phaopuig. 

In Upinoio iprpean ap cue Dailea Duino inair mopjpac 

Pij pan poem cpe aiccin iiibuic, pa poep do paccip paopuij. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceD cfcpacbac anaoi. bliabain ap pichic do Laoj- 
aipi. Qitialjaoib, mac piacpac, mic Gacliac muiDTfirboin, Diobaib. Uaibe 
T~ip nQinalgam. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD caocca a rpi'. Ctn cuicceab bliabain picheac 
Do LaojGipe. CachppaeineaD mop pia Laoj^aipe mac Nell pop Laijnib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD caocca a cfcaip. Q pe piclifc Do Laojaipe. 
Peip Ueampa la Laojaipe, mac Nell. 



for Brocan, or Brocaniis, one of the nephews of 

St. Patrick, mentioned in the Tripartite Life 

Trias T/ianm., pp. 129, 136. 

' Gribri and Lasra. — ^These are called Crebrea 
and Lassera in the Tripartite (Trias Thaum., 
p. 141), where it is stated that they were the 
daughters of Glerannus, son of Cumineus, and 
lived at the church of Kill-Forclann, near Kil- 
lala. Dr. O'Conor, with this evidence before 
him, translates Gkarjkrann by Candida as if it 
were an epithet of the virgins, and not their 
father's name. 

' Macraidh, cf-c, and Ere The text is clearly 

corrupt here, and the copy in the Book of Lecan 
affords no clue to the correction of it. 

' Brogan He was the Brocanus, nephew of 

St. Patrick, mentioned by Joceliu in c. 50, and 
by Evinus (ubi supra). 

" Loglta. — In the copy of Flann's poem in the 
Book of Lecan he is called Cpunncep Cujna, 
which is more correct. His tombstone is still 
preserved near Templcpatrick, or Patrick's 



church, on the island of Insi Goill, in Lough 
Corrib, with the following inscription : " f.ie 
lugnaebon mace Imenueh, i. e. the stone of 
Lugua Don, son of Lemenueh." This inscrip- 
tion, which was discovered by Dr. Petrie, who 
published a fac-simile of it, in his Inquiry into 
the Origin and Uses of the Round Towers of Ire- 
land, p. 162, is the oldest literal monument yet 
discovered in Ireland. It establishes the exis- 
tence of Lughna and Lemenueh beyond dis- 
pute, but nothing of a similar antiquity has 
been discovered to prove their relationship to 
the Irish Apostle. 

* Machui. — He was St. Mochai, of Endrom, 
in Loch Cuan, one of St. Patrick's earliest con- 
verts, to whom he gave a copy of the Gospels 
and what was called a Ministeir, or portable re- 
liquary: " Baptizavit cum ac totondit, et dedit 
ei Evangelium ct Ministeir." — Vita Sec, c. 32. 

" Alai/ the Trinity. — In the book of Lecan, the 
poem of Flann on St. Patrick's household con- 
cludes thus ; 



449] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 141 

Cribri and Lasra', of mantles, beautiful daughters of Gleaghrann. 

Macraith the wise, and Ere', — he prophesied in his three wills. 

Brogan^ the scribe of his school ; the priest Logha", his helmsman, — 

It is not a thing unsung, — and Machui" his true fosterson. 

Good the man whose great family they were, to whom God gave a crozier 

without sorrow ; 
Chiefs with whom the bells are heard, a good family was the family of Patrick. 
May the Trinity", which is powerful over all, distribute to us the boon of great 

love ; 
The king who, moved by soft Latin, redeemed by Patrick's prayer. 

The Age of Christ, 449. The twenty-first year of Laeghaire. Amhal- 
ghaidh'', son ofFiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, died. From him 
Tir-Amhalghaidh [is named]. 

The Age of Christ, 453. The twenty-fifth year of Laeghaire. A great 
defeat [was given] by Laeghaire to the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 454. The twenty-sixth year of Laeghaire. The feast 
of Teamhair [was celebrated] by Laeghaire, son of Niall. 

"Q nimpioi I'ln le planD, co pia pochpaic can liis mucaioe, or swineherd ; liis three builders, 

impall, Caemhan, Cruithnech, and Luchraidh ; his three 

Co mine icep plairib nime, ac maichiB na physicians, Sechnan, Ogma,Aitheaiail; his libra- 

muinnpe." ri:iu, Setna, the Pious, son of Corcran, &c., &c 

,, rr,. „ r • -, ■ , i , i-i .1 . Ussher quotes this poem (Primordia, p. 895), as 

" These" [saints] " are implored by Flann, that ^ ^ ^ . . 

written in very ancient Irish verses, giving a 



he may obtain reward without doubt. 
With meekness amongst the nobles of heaven, 
through the chiefs of this family." 



catalogue of St. Patrick's domestics, as authority 

for the existence of a Senex Patricius, ceaoo u 

ppuichi penopach, who died, according to the 

Dr. O'Conor says that he does not know Annals of Connaught, in the year 454. 

■whence the Four Masters copied this poem. It * Ainhalghaidk. — He was King of Connaught 

is not contained in either of the Dublin copies, about the year 434, when he was converted 

and Dr. O'Conor's printed copy of it is corrupted to Christianity by St. Patrick, together with 

to agree with his own idea of the meaning. The 12,000 men See Genealogies, ^c, oflhj-Fiach- 

copy of Flann's poem preserved in the Book of rack, pp. 310, 462. See also, for the oldest ac- 
Lecan, fol. 44, h., is much better and more co- count of this conversion, the Book of Armagh, 
pious, and contains the names of several officers fol. 10, II; Ussher's Primordia, p. 864. The 
of Patrick's household not mentioned in Evin's territory of Tir-Amhalghaidh, now the barony 
list, or even in the prose list prefixed to the poem of Tirawley, on the west of the River Moy, in 
itself in the Book of Lecan, such as Cromdumhan, the county of Mayo, derived its name from him. 



142 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca emeaNH. 



[456. 



S. Upaille Gppucc a Chill Ufoille In Lipe [oecc] ;r,ruii. Qu^upc. 

Qoiy Ciiiopc, cfifjie ceo caocca ape. Q hoclic pichfc Do Laojnipe. 
Gnt)a, Tnac Carbaba, Gecc. 

Qoip Ciiio]'r, cfirpe ceo caoja a peachr. Q naoi pichfc Do Lao^aipe. 
Cach Qcha oapia ]iia Laijnib po]i Laogaipe, mac Nell. Ho jaBab ona 
Laojaipe ipm each fin,-] do paD Laojaipe pacha jperie -] gaoiche, -| na 
TiOul DO LaijniB nac ciocpab poppa cpia bichu, ap a lejab uaDa. 

Qpo TTlacha opochuccab let Naorti pacpaicc lap na fohbaipc oo 6 Ohaipe 
mac pionncaba mic Goghain mic Niallain. Ho hoiponfoh Da pip Oecc laip 
ppi cumoac an Baile. Ro chionchoipcc boib cfcup, cachaip aipoeppcoip oo 
bfnatfi ipuibe, ~\ ecclup oo ifianchaib, "] Do chailleacha, "] oupoaib oile 
apchfna ooigh po pniopiorh combab pi buD cfnn, "] bub clfiche oeccailpiB 
Gpfnn a coicchinne. 

Sean pacpaicc oo paoibfoh a ppiopaioe. 



" Cill- UsaiUe : i. e. the Church of Auxilius, 
now Killossy, near Naas, in the county of Kil- 
dare. No part of the old church of Killossy 
now remains, but there is a part of an ancient 
round tower, with a square base, attached to 
the modern church, which bespeaks the anti- 
quity of the place See Ussher's Primordia, 

pp. 826, 827 ; and Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
p. 658. The Annals of Ulster place the death 
of Auxilius in the year 460, wliich is the cor- 
rect date. 

"" Atli-dara: i.e. the Ford of the Oak. In the 
Irish historical tract called Bonimha-Laighean, 
this ford is described as on the Eiver Bearbha, 
[Burrow] in the plain of Magh-Ailbhe. There 
■was a earn erected on the brink of the river, in 
■which the heads of tlie slaughtered forces of 
Leath-Chuinn were interred. The notice of this 
battle is entered in the Annals of Ulster, under 
the year 458, as follows: 

" An. 458. Cat Qca oupu pop f,aQfp\\\e^ pe 
f.aijnib, in quo et ip.se captu.s erf, sed tunc dimis- 
stis ait, jtirans per Solcm et Ventum se hoves eis 
dimissu7'um," i. e. " The battle of Ath-dara" 



[was gained] " over Laeghaire by the Leinster- 
men, in which he himself was taken prisoner ; 
but he was then set at liberty, swearing by the 
Sun and the Wind that he would remit them 
the Borumha." Mageoghegan gives it as fol- 
lows, in English, in his Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" The Lynstermen fought the battle of Ath- 
dara against King Lagerie, ■wherein King La- 
gerie himself was taken captive, and his army 
altogether overthrown ; but the King was en- 
larged upon his oath by the Sun and Moon 
(which was solemnly sworn by him) to restore 
them their cows." 

Here it is quite e^vident that Mageoghegan 
translated this last clause, " to restore them 
their cows," from a Latin original : " se boves 
eis dimissu7-um." But this is clearly not the 
meaning intended by the original annalist. In 
the account of this battle preserved in Leah/iar na 
li- U/dliri, I'ol. 76, b. 2, it is stated that Laeghaire 
swore by the Sun and Moon, the Water and the 
Air, Day and Night, Sea and Land, that he 
would never again, during life, demand the Bo- 
rumean tribute of the Leinstermen. ' Conna 



456.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



143 



Saint Usaille, Bishop of Cill Usaille', in Lifle, [died] on the twenty-seventh 
of AuiTust. 

Tlie Age of Christ, 450. The twenty-eiglith year of Laeghaire. Enda, 
son of Cathbhadh, died. 

The Age of Christ, 457. The twenty-nintli year of Laeghaire. The battle 
•of Atli-dara" [was fought] against the Leinstermen by Laeghaire, son of Niall. 
Laeghaire was taken in that battle ; and Laeghaire took oaths by the Sun and 
the Wind, and [all] the elements, to the Leinstermen, that he would never come 
against them, after setting him at liberty. 

Ard-Macha'' was founded by Saint Patrick, it having been granted to him 
by Daire, son of Finnchadh", son of Eoghan, son of Niallan. Twelve men were 
appointed by him for building th.e town. He ordered them, in the first place, 
to erect an archbishop's city" there, and a church for monks, ibr nuns, and for 
the other orders in general, for he perceived that it would be the head and chief 
of the churches of Ireland in general. 

Old Patrick" yielded his spirit. 



loppcm in in6o|iomi cein buD beo.' And this 
is the true meaning even of tlie Latin, ' se boves 
eis dimissurum.' " 

'■ Ard-Macha: i. e. tlic Height of Macha, a 
woman's name. Some say that she was Macha, 

the wife of Nemhidh Sec Jlagh-JIacIia, p. 10, 

note ", supra ; but others will have it that she 
was the more celebrated Macha Mongruadh, tlie 
foundress of the royal fort Emania, near A rmagh. 
Ussher (Pr/mordia, p. 854) thought that the 
name was compounded of ard, high, and macha, 
afield; but no L'ish scholar ever gave it that 
interpretation. The Annals of Ulster refer the 
foundation of Armagh to tlie year 444 : 

" A. D. 444. Ardmacha fundata est. Ab tirhe 
cundita usque ad hunc urhem fundatum mcxciv." 
— See also Ussher's Primordia, pp. 854, 855, ei 
seq.; and Colgau's Trias Thanm., p. 293. 

° Daire, son of Finnchadh This Daire, who 

was chief of Regie Orientalium, now the Oriors, 
in the county of Armagh, was a descendant of 
Colla Dachrich. From his uncle, Muireadhach, 



son of Eoghan, son of Niallan, the O'llanlons of 
Crioch-na-nOirther, now the baronies of Orior, 
in the county of Armagh, are descended. 

'' All archhishoji' s city For a curious account 

of the erection of Armagh the reader is referred 
to the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, as published 
by Colgan, part iii. c. 78, Trias Tliaum., p. lt)4. 

■^ Old Patrick Li the poem of Flann on the 

household of St. Patrick, as preserved in the 
Book of Lecan, fol. 44, h, and as quoted by 
Ussher (Primord. p. 895), he is made the head 
of St. Patrick's seniors : " Caput sapientum 
seniorum ejus." 

The Annals of Connaught, as quoted liy 
Ussher, refer his death to the year 453, and the 
Annals of Ulster to 457. According to the 
Feilire-Aenr/uis, this Seati Phadruiy, or older 
Patrick, was the tutor of the great Apostle of 
Ireland ; and the glossographer adds that he 
was the Patrick of Glastonbury. — See Petrie's 
Antiquities of Tara Hill, p. 73. Dr. Lanigan 
scoffs at the idea of the existence of any other 



144 



aNNQf-a T3io^hachua ei^eaNH. 



[458. 



Qoip Cjiiopc, cfirjie ceD, caocca a hoclic. laji mbfir ofic nibliaDna pichCr 
Til pijlie nGpeann oo Lao^aijie mac Nell Naoijiallaij acbar i ccaob Caipp 
eoip Gpinn i Qlbain .i. Da cnoc iaopi6e pilfc in Uib paoldin,-| gpian i gaoch 
pop mapbpom ap pa papaij lao. ConiD oo pin acbfpc an pili, 

Qrbach Laojaipe mac Nell 
pop caob caippi jlap a ci'p 
Duile De aopaegaiD paich 
cucpac Dail mbaip poppan pijli. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceD caocca anaoi. Ctn ceio bliaoain oOilill ITloIc, 
mac Dachi, mic piachpach, hi pije nGpenn. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, cficpe ceo peapcca a 06. Qn cfcpamab bliabain oOilill. 
Domhangopc mac Nippi Decc. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cfifpe ceo peapca acpf. Qn cuicceao bliabam oOilill. 
peip Ueampa la hOilill TTlolc an bliaoainpi. 



St. Patrick except the great Apostle of Ireland, 
but he is evidently over-sceptical. 

' ThiHy years O'Flaherty says that the 

thirty years allowed to his reign must be un- 
derstood as subsequent to the conversion of the 
Irish to Christianity: " Ut in Codice Lecano 
(fol. 306, a) ita Latiue explicatur : Triginta annis 
regnum Hibernice post adventum Patricii tenuiV 
— Ogygia, p- 249. With this account the cu- 
rious computation of Tirechan, in the Book of 
Armagh, very nearly accords, as follows : 

" A passione autem Christi collegimtur anni 
436, usque ad mortem Patricii. Duohus autem 
vel V. annis regnavit Luiguire post moiiem. Patricii. 
Omnis autem regniillius tempus xxxvi. ut putaimis.'' 
—fol. 9, a. 2. 

' lie died. — According to the historical tract 
called tlie Borumlia Leaglian, Laeghaire, in two 
years and a half after swearing by the elements 
that he would never again demand the Borumha, 
made an incursion into Leinster and seized a prey 
of cows at Sidh-Neachtain, wliere the Boynehas 
its source ; but as he advanced to the side of 



Caissi, the elements wreaked their vengeance 
upon him, that is, the Air forsook him, the Sun 
burned him, and the Earth swallowed him. His 
death is entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
as follows : 

" King Lagerie died an ill death. Some say 
he sunk down in the Earth between the two 
hills, neer the River of Liffie, called Ireland and 
Scotland, but the most part agree that he was 
stroken dead at a place called Taev Caisy, neere 
the Liffie, by the Wynde and Sun, for forswear- 
ing himself to the Lynstermen, for the restitu- 
tion of the Cowes, which he was sworne to per- 
ibrme at the time of his captivity. He died 
about the year 458." 

The Annals of Tighernach and the Annals of 
Ulster state that Laeghaire met his death at 
Groallach Gaifill [or Daphill], in Campo-Life, 
between the hills Ere and Alba, and that the 
Leinstermen asserted that the Sun and the 
^^'ind killed him. 

In the very curious account of the death of 
Laeghaire, preserved in the Leahhar-na h Uidhri, 



458.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



145 



The Age of Christ, 458. After Laeghaire, the son of Niall of the Nine 
Hostages, had been thirty years*^ in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died^ by the 
side of Caissi, between Eire and Alba, i. e. two hills which are in Ui-Faelain ; 
and [it was] the Sun and the Wind that killed him, because he had violated 
them. Concerning which the poet said : 

Laeghaire, son of Niall", died 

On the side of Caissi, green its land ; 

The elements of God, whose guarantee he had violated, 

Inflicted the doom of death upon the king. 

The Age of Christ, 459. The first year of Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, son 
of Fiachra, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 462. The fourth year of Oilioll. Domhangort"', son 
of Nissi, died. 

The Age of Christ, 463. The fifth year of Oilioll. The feast of Teamhair" 
[was celebrated] by Oilioll Molt this year. 



it is stated that it had been prophesied to him 
that he would come by his death between Ere 
and Alba [Ireland and Scotland], for which 
reason he [unlike his father, NiallJ never went 
on any naval expedition, that he went a second 
time, without regard to his oaths, with a great 
array, against the Leinstermen, to demand the 
Borumean tribute ; but that, when he reached 
Greallach-Daphill, by the side of Cassi, in Magh 
Liphi, between the two hills, Ere and Alba, he 
was killed by the Sun and the Wind, and the 
other elements by which he had sworn. It is 
further stated that the body of Laeghaire was 
afterwards carried to Tara, and interred with 
his weapons upon him in the south-east of the 
external rampart of Rath-Laeghaire, at Tara, 
with his face turned towards the Lagenians, as 
if in the attitude of fighting with them. The 
fact of his body being so interred is also men- 
tioned in the Annotations of Tireachan, in the 
Book of Armagh, and it is added that Laeghaire 
could not believe in the Christian religion, 



because he had made a promise to his father, 
Niall, that he would not swerve from the Pagan 
customs : 

" Sed non potuit credere dicens : Nam Neel 
pater meus non sinivit mihi credere, sed ut 
sepeliar in cacuminibus Teinro, quasi viris con- 
sistentibus in bello : quia utuntur Gentiles in 
sepulchris armati prumptis armis facie ad faciem 
usque ad diem Erdathe apud Magos, id est, 
judicii diem Domini." — fol. 10, o, 2. SeePetrie's 
Antiquities of Tara Hill, pp. 145, 146. 

'' Laeghaire, son of Niall This quatrain is 

also quoted in Leahhar-na-hUidhri, but the 
author's name is nowhere mentioned. 

' Domhangort He was King of Alba, or 

Scotland, according to the Ann. of Clon. 

" The feast of Teamhair. — Thus noticed in the 
Annals of Ulster: " Cena Temra la hAilill Molt, 
Sic in Libra Cuanach inveni." And in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : " King 
Oilill Molt made the Great Feast of Taraghe, 
called Feis-Tanigh." 



146 QMHa^.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [464. 

Qoip Ciiioy^r, cerpe cheD p fpcca a cfrai]i. Qn y'eipeaD bliaDain bOilill. 
Car Ourha Qichi]! pia Laijrub poji ailiU TTIolr. 

Conall ^ulban, mac Neill Naoijiallai^, (o ccacc Cenel cConaill) Do 
rhapbab la f fn cimcliaib TTlai je plechc lap na pojbdil i mbaojal, -] a a6na- 
cal 1 ppiobnac ITllmije T?ein, la Naorii Caillm, arhail aipneiDfp beara an 
naoirh jiempaice. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ceifpe ceo peapccac a ciiicc. Qn peaccmaD blia&ain 
t)Oilill TTlolc. peip Uearhjia la bOilill mole. 

6o^an,niac Meill Naoijiallai j, (o rcaccCenel nGojain), Decc oo cViumaib 
Chonaill ^liulban, mic Neill Naoijiallaij,-] a abnacal i nUipje caofn i nlnip 
Gojain, Dia nebpab. 

Qcbac Go^an, mac Neill, 
pe oeopaib, bd mair a maom, 
rpe ecc Clionaill na ccleap ccpuaiD, 
50 ppuil a iiaij 1 nUipcce caoin. 

Cpiorfirann, mac Gnoa Cenpelaij, pi Lw^Cx), do rhapbab Id mac a mjme 
buDein, .1. Gochaib ^uinfch do Uib baippce. 

Cfoip Cpiopr, ceichpe ceo peapcca a pe. Q liochc oOilill. peip Ueampa 
la hOilill mole. 

Qoip Cpi ope, cfirpe cheD peapcca a peace. Qnaoi dOiIiU mole, benen, 
mac Seipccnein, eppcop QpDa maca, Do paoibfb a ppiopaiece. 

I Dumha-Aichir : i. e. Aicher's or Heber's buried See note ^ at A. M. 3656, p. 43, 

mound. Not identified. supra. 

■" The Cinel-Conaill : i. e. the Race of Conall, " Saint Cailliii. — This is clearly an anachro- 

i. e. the O'Donnells, and their correlative fami- nism, and is a fabrication of the writer of the 

lies in Tirconnell, or the county of Donegal. Life of St. Caillin, preserved in the Book of 

" Magh-Skcht. — According to the Book of Fenagh. St. Caillin was contemporary with St. 

Fenagh, Conall Gulban was killed by the Mas- Columbkille, and could not have been born in 

raidhe, an ancient tribe of the Firbolgs, who the year 464, much less abbot of Fenagh in 

were seated in the plain of Magh Slccht (around Magh-Rein. 

Ballymagauran, in the north-west of the county •' Cinel-Eofjhaiii : i. e. the Race of Eoghan. 

of Cavan). He had gone upon a predatory ex- These were the O'Neills, Mac Loughlins, and 

cursion into their territory, and seized ujion a their correlatives in Tyrone, 
great prey of horses; but he was pursued and '* Uisce- Chain. — Now aH;/&c Eskaheen. This 

overtaken at Loch Saloch, near Fenagh, in the is the name of an old chapel near a beautiful 

county of Loitrim, where he was slain and well from which the name is derived, in a town- 



464.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 147 

The Age of Christ, 464. The sixth year of Oiholl. The battle of Duniha- 
Aichir' [was fought] by tlie Leinstermen, against Oilioll Molt. 

Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom arc descended 
the Cinel-Conaill"), was slain by the old tribes of Magh-Slecht", he having been 
found unprotected, and was buried at Fidhnach-Maighe-Rein, by Saint Caillin\ 
as the Life of the aforesaid saint relates. 

The Age of Christ, 465. The seventh year of Oilioll Molt. The feast of 
Teamhair [was celebrated] by Oilioll Molt. 

Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended the 
Ciuel-Eoghain"), died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of tlie Nine Hos- 
tages, and was buried at Uisce-Chain", in Inis-Eoghain ; concerning which was 

said : 

Eoglian, son of Niall, died 

Of tears, — good his nature, — 

In consequence of the death of Conall, of hard feats, 

So that his grave is at Uisce-Chain. 

Crirahthann'', son of Enda Censelach, King of Leinster, was killed by the 
son of his own daughter, i. e. Eochaidh Guineach, [one] of the Ui-Bairrche". 

The Age of Christ, 466. The eighth year of Oilioll Molt. 

The Age of Christ, 467. The ninth year of Oilioll Molt. Benen', son of 
Sescnen, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], resigned his spirit. 

land of the same name, in tlie barony of Inis- it will be shewn from aiitliorities of great anti- 

Eoghan [Inishowen], in the county of Donegal. quity, he fought at the battle of Ocha in 482 or 

The grave of Eoghan is not known there at 483, q. v. 

present. Colgan says that Uske-chaoin was, in * Ui-Bairrche : i. e. the descendants of Daire 

his own time, a chapel, but that it was anciently Barrach, the second son of Cathaeir Mor, Mo- 

a monastery See Trias Thcmm., p. 495, col. L narch of Ireland in the second century. They 

It is the birth-place of the celebrated Janus were seated in the barony of Slewmargy, in the 

Janius Eoganesius, or John Toland, whose real Queen's County, and possessed also some of 

name was O'Tuathalain, and of whom there are the adjoining districts — See Lcab/iar-na-r/Ceart, 

still very vivid traditions preserved in the p. 212, note ''. 

neighbourhood. — See Harris's edition of Ware's '■ Benen: i.e. Benignus. The death ofBe- 

Writers of Ireland, p. 278 and p. 281, line 3. nignus is entered in the Annals of Ulster at the 

' Crimhthann According to the Annals of same year: '■^ Quies Benigni Episcopi, successoris 

Clonmacnoise he was killed in the battle of Patricii.'''' — See note ", under the year 432, 

Ardcorran; but this is clearly a mistake, for, p. 136, supra. 

u2 



148 aNNQ^a Rioshachca eiReuHw. [468. 

Qoip Ciiioj^r, ceirpe clieD peapcca a lioclir. Q Imon riDecc oOilill. 
Dopnsal bpi Gle poji Caijmb jiia nOiliU mole. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, ceirpe cheD peacrmojarr. Qn oapa bliabain Decc t)Oilill. 
Carli Ourha Qicip pop Qilill TTIolc pm Laijnib. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ceirpe cheD peaclirmoj^acc aoo. Ctn cfrpamab blmbain 
Decc dOiIiU. Uoca, mac Qo6a, mic Sfnaij, raoipeac Cpiclie Cualann hi 
Caij^niV) oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfifpe ceD peaccmojac a cfraip. Q pe Decc bOilill. Gipc, 
mac Gachach TTluinpeamaip, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD peaccinogac a cuicc. Q peace Decc dOiIiU. 
Conall Cpemroinn, mac Nell Naoijiallai j, op cinpfc clanna Colmain ~\ Si'ol 
Qoba Slaine Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD peaccmojac ape. Q hochc Decc dOiIiU. Cac 
^panaipD pia nGocham, mac Coipppe, mic Oililla, mic Ounlainj, mic GnDa 
Nia6, pop pijli Laijfn, Ppaoc, mac pionncaba, mic ^appcon, mic pochaiD, 
mic GacliDach LdifiDoiD, mic TTlepin Cuipb, "| Do cfp Ppaocli ipuiDe. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceD peaccmojac a liochc. lap mbeich piclie bliaDain 

" The boxing battle This battle, whicli aj)- have been a continuation of this Dornghal. 

pears to have been notbing more than a boxing " Bri-Ele — This place is now called the hill 
match between the pugilistic champions of of Croghan, and is situated in the north-east of 
Leinster and Meath, is noticed in the Annals of the King's County, close to the boundary of 
Ulster at the year 473, as " tDopnjal 6pi Gle ;" Westmeath. — See note ', under A. D. 1385. It 
but it is again entered under the year 475, as, is stated in the Book of Lecan, fol. 1 75, p. a, 
'■^ Bellum Bri-Elc, sic in Lihro Cuanach inveni ;" col. 6, that this hill received its name fromEile, 
and again under 478. There can scarcely, how- daughter of Eochaidh Fcidhleach, Monarch of 
ever, be a doubt that the three entries refer Ireland, and wife, first of Ferghal, son of Ma- 
te the one battle only, and that the difference gach, and afterwards of Sraibhgenn, sou of 
of date is owing to their having been transcribed Niul, one of the Ernaans of Munster. 

from different authorities. In the old English " Dumha-Aichir This is a repetition. See 

translation of the Annals of Ulster, preserved in A. D. 464. In the Annals of Ulster it is entered 

tlie British Museum, Claren. torn. 4'J, Ayscough, under the year4G8, thus: "i?eZ/«m Dumai- Aichir, 

4795, the term Dopnjal is translated "the pop OiliU Dlolc, «!CM< wue/jzjn Liiro Cuanach." 

handle skirmish." It may be here observed And again under the years 474 and 47G. 

that the wrestling niatclies, which continued to '' Crioch- Cualann A territory included, for 

be carried on in the Phoenix Park, between the the most part, in the present county of Wicklow. 

men of Meath and Kildare, and which sometimes The territory of Feara-Cualann, or Fercoulen, 

terminated in boxing matches, would seem to the limits of which arc defined in an Inquisition 



468.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 149 

The Age of Christ, 468. The eleventh year of OUioll. The boxing-battle" 
of Bri-Ele" against the Leinstermen, by Oilioll Molt. 

The Age of Christ, 470. Tlie twelfth year of Oilioll. The battle of Dumha- 
Aichir* against Oilioll Molt, by the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 472. The fourteenth year of Oilioll. Toca, son of 
Aedh, son of Senach, chief of Crioch-Cualann'', in Leinstcr, died. 

The Age of Christ, 474. The sixteenth year of Oilioll. Eirc% son of 
Eochaidh Muinreamhar, died. 

The Age of Christ, 475. The seventeenth year of Oilioll. Conall Cremh- 
thoinn*, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, from whom are sprung the Clann 
Colmain, and race of Aedh Slaine", died. 

The Age of Christ, 476. The eighteenth year of Oilioll. The battle of 
Granard*^ by Eocliaidh, son of Cairbre, son of Oilioll, son of Dunking, sou of 
Enda Niadh, against the King of Leinster, Fraech, son of Finnchadh, son of 
Garchu, son of Fothadh, son of Eochaidh Lamhdoidh, son of Mesincorb ; and 
Fraech fell therein. 

The Age of Christ, 478. After Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, 

taken at Wicklow on the 2Gth of April, 1636, tory of Tirconall derived its name from liim; 

appears to have been coextensive with the ma- but this is contrary to all the Irish genealogists 

nor of Powerscourt, in the barony of Half Rath- and historians, who are unanimous in stating 

down, in the north of the county of Wicklow ; that Tir-Conaill derived its name from his l)ro- 

but anciently the territory of Cualann was more ther, Conall Gulban. — Ogygia, iii. c. 85. 

extensive. It appears from the FeiUre-Aenijuis •" Eace of Aedh Slaine. — There were nine 

that the churches of Tigh-Conaill (Stagonnell), Monarchs of Ireland of the race of this Aedh 

Tigh-mic-Dimmai, and Dunmor, and from the Slaine, who was himself Monarch of Ireland 

Leahhar-Laiyhiieach, preserved in the Book of from A. D. 599 to 605. After the establish- 

Lecan, fol. 93-109, that Senchill, now Shank- ment of surnames, the chief family of his race 

hill, near Bray, were situated in this territory. took the surname of O'Kelly Breagh, and were 

' Eire He is the ancestor of the Dalriadic seated in the great plain of Bregia, in the east 

kings of Scotland. — See Ussher's Primord., Ind. of ancient Meath. — See Ogygia, iii. c. 93, p. 430. 

Chron., and O'Flaherty's Ogiigia, p. 465. ° Grannrd. — This is the Granard in the 

^ Conall Cremht/iainii. — He is the ancestor of county of Longford; but the Four Masters have 

the O'Melaghlins, who bore the tribe-name of evidently given Cairbre a wrong genealogy. 

Clann-Colniain, and of other families formerly In the Annals of Ulster, " Bellum priminn Gra- 

powerful in Meath. From this Conall seventeen nearad" is entered under the year 485, and it is 

Irish monarchs descended. The Annals of Ulster stated that " Cairbre mac Neill Xaigiallaig victor 

record his death at the year 470, under which erat." In the Clarendon copy the reading is : 

Dr. O'Conor observes in a note that the terri- " Bellum priinum circa GTanenTixd. Cairbre mac 



1.50 



aMNa;,a uio^haclica eiReaNN. 



[479. 



hi inghe nepeann oOilill TTlolc, mac Oan, mic pmclipac, Do cheayi i ccarh 
Ocha la Lusliaib, mac Lao^aijie, la ITliiijKfiicach mac Gajicca -| la pep?;up 
Cefi|ibel, mac Conaill CpfmrainDe, "j la piacpa, mac Caojaipe, pi Dal 
nQpame,"! la Cpfmrann, mac 6nDa Cermpelaij pi Caijfn. Qp Don chup 
pin DO para Dpiaclipa na Lee -| Caiploegli icc.oppocpaicc in cara. Qp 
Don each pin arbfpr bCcc mac Oe. 

niop chach Ocha peappaicip 
imopalca cacha ile 
pop Oilill TTlolr, mac Machf, 
meabaiD pia nOc'tl Qpai6e. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo pfchcmojac anaoi. Ctn ceo bliaDain do Lujaib, 
mac Cao^aipe, op Gpinn i pije. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfifpe ceo ochcmojar. Qn Dapa bliabain Do CiijhaiD. 
Cach ^panaipo a rci'p Lai^fn eicip laijnib pfipin,Du in pomapBaopionnchab, 
rijfpna Ua Cennpealaij, la Coipppe. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ceiupe ceo ochcmojac ahaon. Ctn rpeap bliaoain Do 
LughaiD. .S. laplaiche, mac Upfna, eppcop Qpoa ITlacha, oo paoiofoh a 
ppiopaire. 



Neill Naigiallaig victor erat; in quo cedklit Fin- 
guine Jilius Erce ; et victor erat, ut alii dicunt, 
Crimthan mac Enna Cinsdaig." 

** The battle of Ocha Animosus, author of 

the fourth Life of St. Bridget, published by 
Colgan, states (lib. ii. c. 12), that lolland, son 
of Duuluing, King of Leinster, slew Oilioll Molt, 
King of Ireland, near Themoria or Tara. The 
notice of this battle is entered under the year 
482, and again under 483, in the Annals of 
Ulster, as follows, in the old translation in the 
Clarendon manuscript, torn. 49: 

" 482. Bcllmn Oche, in quo ceciclit Ailill Molt 
manu Lugh mic Laogaire, et Murierti mic Erca. 
A Concobaro Jilio Ncssa Ufqiie ad Cormac Jilium 
Art anni 308. A Cormac usque ad hoc bcl/iim 
206, ut Cuana scripsit.'''' 

"483. Jitgvlatio Crimthain, mac Enna Ccn- 



selaich. Regis Lagcnic, mic Bressail Bealaich, mic 
Cathair Moir. Et hoc anno the battle [called] 
Cath Ocha, secvndimi alios, by Lugad and by 
Murtagh mac Erca, and by Fergus Cervail, mac 
Connell Crimthain, and by Fiachra Lon, tlie 
King of Dal-Araide." 

The accounts of the death of this monarch are 
various and conflicting, for which see Colgan's 
Irias Thaum., p. 565, col. 1, not. 8, 9. The Life 
of St. Kieran states, that Oilioll Molt was slain 
in the battle of Ocha, inMeath, by Crimhthann, 
King of Leinster: "Ex his obiter advcrtendura 
cos gravitcr errare, qui scribunt hunc Crim- 
thannum occubuisse anno 465, cum multis 
postea rcvolutis annis pra-dicto proclio inter- 
fuit." — Cohjan. To this it may be added that, 
according to the ancient historical tract called 
Borumha-Laighcan, Crimhthann, son of Enna, 



479] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRP]LAND. 151 

liad been twenty years in tlie sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain in the battle 
of Ocha", by Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, Muircheartach Mac Earca, Fearghus 
Cerrbhel, son of Conall Cremththainne, Fiachra, son of Laeghaire, King of 
Dal-Araidhe, and Cremhthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King of Leinster. It 
was on this occasion that the Lee and Cairloegh' were given to Fiachra as a 
territorial reward for the battle. It was of this battle Beg Mac De*^ said : 

The great battle of Ocha was fought, 
In which many battalions were cut off, 
Against OilioU Molt, son of Nathi, 
Who was defeated by the Dal-Araidhe. 

The Age of Christ, 479. The first year of Lughaidh^, son of Laeghaire, in 
sovereignty over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 480. The second year of Lughaidh. The battle of 
Granard", in the land of Leinster, between the Leinstermen themselves, wherein 
Finnchadh, Lord of Ui-Cennsealaigh, was slain by Cairbre. 

The Age of Christ, 481. The third year of Lughaidh. Saint Jarlaithe', 
son of Treana, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], resigned his spirit. 

slew Oilioll Molt in the battle of Ocha. tered thus : 

^ Lee and Cahioegh. — This is pi-obably a mis- " A. D. 497. The battle of Graiue, where 

take for Lee and Ard-Eolairg. The territory of Moriertagh mac Ercka had the victory. There 

Lee was on the west side of the River Bann, and was another battle of Graine, between Lynster- 

included in the present barony of Coleraine, in men themselves, fought, where Finucha, King 

the county of Londonderry ; but that called of O'Keansely, was slain, and Carbrey had the 

Cairloegh, or Ard-Eolairg, is unknown to the victory." 

Editor. — See note under the year 557. Li the Annals of Ulster "■ Bellum primuni 

f Beg Mac De : i. e. Beccus, the son of Dea or Granearad''' is entered first under the year 485, 

Dagaeus, a celebrated Irish prophet, who died and again under 486, "Vel hie, primum helium 

in the year 557, q. v. Graine ;" and under A. D. 492, " Bellum secun- 

8 Tlie first year of Lughaidh. — " A. D. 484. dum Granairet." The place is now called Grane, 

Inicium regni Lugaid mio Laegaire, hoc anno." and is situated in the north of Kildare. 

— Annals of Ulster. ' Jarlaithe. — He was the third bishop of Ar- 

" Tlie battle of Granard. — Granard is here a magh, and died, according to the Annals of 

mistake of transcribers for Graine, as appears Ulster, in 481. — See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 

from the ancient historical tract caWnd. Borumha- p. 307. He is to be distinguished from St. Jar- 

Laighcan, and from the Annals of Clonmacnoise, lath of Tuam See Harris's edition of Ware's 

in which tlie two battles fought there are en- Bishops, pp. 35, 36. 



152 



awNa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[487. 



Qoip Cpiopc, cfirjie ceo ochcmojcic apeacc. Qn naorhab bliaoain Oo 
LiijliaiD. Nel, Gappoc Qpoacliam i cceacba, Deipcipul pctcpaicc, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cTirpe ceo ochcmojac a hochc. Qn Deaclimab blmbain 
DO CughaiD. Cianrm, eppoc Ooimliacc, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceo ochcmojac anaoi. Qn caonrhab bliabain 065 
00 Lujhaib. TTlaccaille eppoc oecc. Qonjup, tnac Nctcppaoich, pi rnurhan, 
Do ruicim In ccacli Cliellopnab la TTluipcfpcach TTlac Gapca, la Mollann 
TnacDunlain^, la liQiliU, niacOunluinj,"] lahGoclmiD n^uinfch Dm nebpaDli, 

Qcbarli cpnob, ooplnle noip, 

Qonjiip inolbchacli, mac Narppaoicli, 
paccbab la lilllariD a pach 
hi ccar Cell Opnaoha claoin. 



'' Mel, Biihoji of Ard-achad/i — He was the 
first bishop of Ardagh, in the county of Long- 
ford, and a disciple of St. Patrick. 

' Cianan, Bis/top of Doiinhliag : i. e. of Duleek, 
in Meath. It is stated in the Annals of Tigher- 
nach, and in those of Ulster, that St. Patrick 
presented him with a copy of the Gospels : 

" A. D. 488 Quies Sancti Cianani, cui Sanctiis 

Pcdricius Evangelium largitus est." The name 
doimhliag or daimliag signifies a stone building; 
and the first stone church ever erected in Ire- 
land is believed to have given name to this 
place; and it looks very curious that, although 
Daimhliag was a common name for a stone 
church, still it has not entered into the topo- 
graphical names like Cill or teampidl, this of 
Duleek, in Meath, being the only instance now 
to be found. — See Petrie's Impdry into the Origin 
and Uses of the Round Towers of Ireland, pp. 138 
to 141. 

"■ Bishop Maccaille. — He is said to have been 
one of the nephews of St. Patrick, by his sister 
Darerca. Tiroclian states that St. Bridget of 
Kildare received the veil from his hands at 
Uisneach, in Meath ; and the Calendar of 
Cashel, as quoted by Colgan (Trias Thuum., 



p. 525), that his festival was kept on the 25th 
of April, at " Cruach-an-Bri-Eile, in Ifalgia." 
This place is still well known, and the ruins of 
the church of St. Maccaille are to be seen on the 
eastern side of the conspicuous hill of Croghan, 
near Tyrrell's Pass, on the confines of the King's 
County and the county of Westmeath. 

° Battle of Cill- Osnadha. — The notice of this 
battle is entered in the Annals of Ulster thus: 
" A. D. 489. Bellum Cinn Losnado, uhi cecidit 
Aengus, filiiis Natfraich, righ Mumhan, vt 
Cuana scrip.sit." The place called Cell-Osnada, 
or Ceann-losnada, is described by Keating (in 
regimine Oiliolli Molt) as situated in the plain 
of Magh-Pea, four miles east of Leighlin, in the 
county of Carlow. This place is now called 
Kelliston, and is situated in the barony of 
Forth, in the county of Carlow ; and there ex- 
ists among the old natives of the place a most 
curious and remarkably vivid tradition of this 
battle, which explains the Irish name of the 
place as denoting " church of the groans ;" and 
which it received, according to this tradition, 
from the lamentations of the Munster-women 
after the loss of their husbands and brothers in 
the battle. This, however, though a very na- 



487.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



153 



The Age of Christ, 487. The ninth yeur of Lugliaidli. Mel, Bishop of 
Ard-achadh", in Teathbha, disciple of Patrick, died. 

The Age of Christ, 488. The tenth year of Lughaidh. Cianan, Bishop 
of Doimhhag', died. 

The Age of Christ, 489. The eleventh year of Lnghaidh. Bishop Mac- 
caille", died. Aenglius, son of Nadfraecli, King of Minister, fell in the battle 
of Cell-Osnadha" [fought against him] by Muircheartach Mac Earca, by Illann, 
son of Dunlaing, by AiUU, son of Dunlaing, and by Eochaidh Guineach, of 
which was said : 

Died the branch, the spreading tree° of gold, 
Aenghus the laudable, son of Nadfraech, 
His prosperity was cut off by Illann, 
In the battle of Cell-Osnadha the foul. 



tural turn for tradition to have given it, is not 
the true form of the name, for it appears, from 
an ancient historical tale preserved in Leahhar 
na-hUidhri, that it was first written Ceann-Los- 
nada^ which is also the form of the name given 
in the Annals of Ulster. This was once a place 
of considerable importance, and contained, till 
about fifty years ago, considerable remains of 
an ancient church and Cloigtlieach, or round 
tower, but which are now all effaced. — See the 
Anthologia Hibernica, vol. iv. p. 105. 

St. Kieran, the patron of the men of Ossory, 
is said to have predicted to Eithne, the queen 
of Aenghus Mac Nadfraich, that she and her 
lord would fall in this battle in consequence of 
a crime of a disgraceful nature which she at- 
tempted to commit. The prophecy of St. Kieran 
was delivered in general terms, thus : " Tu enim, 
filia, et Dominus noster Rex, uno die, occidemini 
ab inimicis vestris : sed det Dominus vobis mi- 
sericordiam." But the writer of the Saint's 
Life (apud Colgan, Acta Sanctorum, p. 460) goes 
to shew that it was fulfilled in the battle of 
Ceall-Osnaidh, as follows : 
'' Quod vaticinatus est sanctus Poiitifex Kie- 



ranus, ita contigit : Ipse enim Rex Aenghus in 
bello quod commissum est in campo Fea, in 
provinoia Lageniensium juxta grandem villam 
Ceall-Osnaidh, cum sua uxore Regina, occisus 
est a Rege Aquilonalium Lageniensium, Illando 
filio Dunlaingh, 8 Idus Octobris. Et ha^c cedes 
maxima abusio erat : et ipsa Regina Eithnea 
Huathacli vocabatur, quae erat filia Crymtkani 
filii Endcei Kmsealaigh ; qui Crymthan multum 
subjugavit Aquilonales Lagenienses, accepto 
Rege magno Hibernia, postquam ille in gravi 
bello Ocha, in regione Medue, occidit Alildum 
Molt, Regem Hibernise." 

" Spreading tree This Aenghus, who was the 

first Christian King of Munster, is the common 
ancestor of the families of Mac Carthy, O'Keufe, 
O'Callaghan, and O'Sullivan, now so widely 
spread in Ireland, England, and America, and 
even on the Continent of Europe, where some 
of them bear coronets. If the saplings of this 
"spreading tree of gold," Aenghus Mac Nad- 
fraich, could now be reckoned in the different 
countries in which they have pullulated, it would 
appear that they are vastly numerous, and that, 
as the multiplication of a race is a blessing. King 



154 



aNwata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[492. 



Cacli Uaillcfn pop Lmjnib ]na cCoipppe, mac Nell. 

Qoiy Ciiiof'c, cfirpe ceD nochoc aoo. Qn cfch|iarha6 blia&ain Oecc do 
LugaiD. Cach Slfmna, In TTliDe, pia cCoipbpe, mac Nell, pop Lai^nib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe ceo nochac acpi. Ctn cuicceaD bliabain oecc t)o 
LujliaiD. pacpaicc, mac Calpuipn, mic pocaioe, aipoeappuc, ceicr ppiorii- 
ai6 -\ apoappcol Gpeann, bo cuip an ceo Celepcinup papa Do ppoicfpr 
poipcela, -) DO piolab ippi -| cpabaiD do ^liaoiDealaib, — ape po fcappccap 



Aenghus has reaped the full benefit of that "alma 
benedictio" imparted by St. Patrick when he 
baptized him at Cashel, and, by a singular mis- 
take, put his faith to the trial by piercing his 
foot with the top of his crozier. 

'' Tailtin. — Now Teltown, on the Eiver Sele 
or Abha-dhubh, nearly midway between the 
towns of Kells and Navan, in Meatli. In the 
Annals of Ulster the battle of Tailtin, fought 
against the Leinstermen by Cairbre, son of 
Niall, is entered under the year 493. This 
Cairbre, the son of King Niall, was an obstinate 
Pagan, and an inveterate enemy to St. Patrick, 
as we learn from the Tripartite Life, part ii. 
c. 4: 

" Prima autem feria venit Patricius ad Tal- 
teniam : vbi regia; nundius et publici regni ludi 
et certamina quotannis servari solebant. Ibi- 
que convenit Carbreum Nielli filium, et Lao- 
parii Regis fratrem, fratrique animi ferocia et 
incredulitate similem. Huic cum Sanctus Pa- 
tricius verbum vitas preedicaret, viamque salutis 
ostenderet, vir adaniautini cordis, non solum 
recusavit pra?dicata; vcritati, sed viam vita; pro- 
ponent! raachinabatur mortem : et in vicino Hu- 
vio nomine Selc sancti viri socios flagellis ex- 
cepit, quia Patricius eum appcllavit inimicum 
Dei. Tunc vir Dei videns hominem esse inve- 
terata; malitia;, et a Deo reprobatum, ait ad 
ipsum. Quia Regis coclostis doctrina; restitisti, 
ejusque suave jugum portare recusasti, de tu& 
stirpe nee rcgni exurgent pignora ; sod semen 
tuum semini fratrum tuorum servict in perpe- 



tuum : noo vicinus fluvius, in quo socios meos 
ca;cidisti, licet nunc abundet piscibus, vllos un- 
quam proferet pisces." — Ti-ias Thaum., p. 129. 

The descendants of this Cairbre settled in 
various parts of Ireland, but the most distin- 
guished of his race were seated in Cairbre- 
Gabhra, a territory now comprised in the ba- 
rony of Granard, in the county of Longford, 
where, according to the Tripartite Life, part ii. 
c. 30, the sons of this wicked Cairbre received 
Patrick with honour, and granted him a beau- 
tiful place, called Granard, for erecting a church. 
But, according to local tradition, when St. Pa- 
trick arrived in the mountainous portion of this 
territory, a certain wicked woman presented 
him with a hound, served up in a dish, for his 
dinner ; which when he examined, he suspected 
that he had been maliciously presented with an 
unclean animal, and, kneeling on a certain stone, 
prayed that God might restore the animal to life ; 
and, to the astonishment of the assembled multi- 
tude, a greyhound sprang into life. Patrick or- 
dered it to be killed on the spot, and then pro- 
nounced a solemn malediction on the mountainous 
region, in which this insul t was offered to religion, 
and on the race of Cairbre, its chief. It is still be- 
lieved by the neighbours that this curse remains 
over these mountains, which causes them to 
remain more barren than other Irish mountains, 
and over the people, which keeps them in a more 
rude and intractable state than those of any other 
territory in Ireland. 

Notwithstanding this awful curse of the Irish 



I 



492.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOiM OF IRELAND. 



L5.5 



The battle of Tailtin" against the Leinstermen, by C'airbre, son of Niall. 

The Age of Christ, 492. The fourteenth year of Lugliaidh. The battle 
of Sleamhain, in Meath*" [was fought] by Cairbre, son of Niall, against the 
Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 493. The fifteenth year of Lughaidh. Patrick, son 
of Calphurn, son of Potaide, archbishop, first primate, and chief apostle of 
Ireland, whom Pope Celestine the First had sent to preach the Gospel and 
disseminate religion and piety among the Irish, [was the person] who sepa- 
rated them from the worship of idols and spectres\ who conquered and de- 



Apostle upon Cairbre, lie had a graudson, 
Tuathal Maelgarbh, who became monarch of 
Ireland in 533, and reigned till 544 ; and his 
descendants, who, after the establishment of 
surnames, took that of O'Ronain, remained 
chiefs of Cairbre-Gabhra till the English In- 
vasion See the Miscellany of the Irish Ar- 

chffiological Society, p. 144, note ". 

'' Sleamhain, in Meath This is not Shine [a 

village on the River Boynej, as assumed by Dr. 
O'Conor (Annals of Ulster, p. 9); for Slane, on 
the Boyne, is called, in Irish, baile Sldine ; but 
is situated in Westmeath, as appears from the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise at the year 417- The 
word pleariiain bears two meanings, at present, 
in Meath and Ulster, namely, " slimy or slip- 
pery," and "land bearing elms"; for the elm 
tree, which, in the south half of Ireland, is called 
learhan, is called pleciri.an in the North. 

' Idols and spectres St. Patrick destroyed 

Crom-Cruach, the chief idol of all Ireland, after 
a great struggle with the Demon ; for some 
account of which see note ^, p. 43, supra ; 
but we are not told that he had any particular 
struggle in destroying any other. It would 
appear, from a quotation given by O'Flaherty, 
{0(/i/gia, iii. c. 22.) from the Scholia of Cathal- 
dus Maguire on the Feilire-Aenguis, that there 
was an idol preserved at Clogher called Kermand 
Kelstach, but the Editor never saw the original 
passage. The Lia Fail was also at Tara in Pa- 



trick's time, but we are not told that he made 
any effort to destroy it. Keating says that the 
Lia Fail hud been struck silent in the reign of 
Conchobhar, King of Ulster, when Christ was 
born, and when all the false idols in the world 
were struck dumb. The only other notice of 
idols to be found in Patrick's Lives is given by 
Evinus, who states that when he approached the 
royal city of Cashel all the idols fell prostrate. 
" Dum vir apostolicus KegiK appropinquaret, 
omnia urbis idola in faciem prostrata simul in 
terram cori'uere." — Vil. Tripart., part iii. c. 29. 
According to a tradition in the county of Wa- 
terford, a certain rock near Kilmacthomas, called 
Cloch-Lohlirais, was wont to give responses in 
Pagan times, and to decide causes with more 
than human powers of discrimination, and with 
the strictest adherence to truth and justice; but 
this good stone, which appears to have been a 
remnant of the golden age, was finally so horri- 
fied at the ingenuity of a wicked woman in de- 
fending her character, tliat it trembled with 
horror, and split in twain ! From this and other 
legends about certain speaking stones in some 
parts of Ireland, it would appear that the Pagan 
Druids had recourse to a similar delusion to 
that practised at Delphi, the famous oracle of 
which is also said to have been struck dumb at 
the birth of Christ. 

The arrachta or spectres worshipped by the 
Pagan Irish are now little known. In Tire- 



x2 



156 



awNata Rioshachca eiReawN. 



[493. 



laiDfibe p]ii liabjiaD looal -| ajijiacc, po copccaip -| ]io coimbpif na liio6la 
bctraii a-^a naDpao aca. Ro inoajib Dearhna -] D|ioc ypipaoa uaiDib, -] cucc 
lao 6 Dopca peacaib "| Doailche co poilp cpeiDim i caoinjlini'om, po cpeo- 
paij "] )io peoaij a nanmnnna o Doipfibh ippinn (jup a mbacap ag Dul) 50 
Doippib plara nime. Qpe ona po baipc -j po bfriDaij pip, mna, maca, -| 
injfna Gpeann, co na ccfpib 1 co na ccpeabaib, ecip uipcce -] inbfp muipib. 
Qp leip DO ponaD cealla, mainipcpeca, -] ecclapa lomba pfcnon 6peann. 
Seacc cceo ceall a lion. Qp leip cercup po lioiponeaD eppcoip, pacaipc, 1 
aop gacli 7;pai6 ap cfna, pfcc gceD epppoc "] rpi ttiile pajapr a Ifon. Oo 
pome pfpca -[ mipbaile lomoa, co nd curhainj aiccnfo Daonna a cuirhniujhab 
na a popaiclirtifc an Do pi'shene do riiaic ip na calmannaib. O po compoicc- 
pij aimpip eiupechca naorh pacpaicc In Saball, po chochair copp Chpfopr 
a Idrhaiban naoirh eppcoip Uappach, ipin 122 a aoipi, -] po pai6 a ppipau Do 
cum niTTie. 

Po bai corhroccbdil cara ~\ abbap eapaonca ipin cuicceab 05 impfpain 
im copp pacpaic lap na eccuibh. Ui Neill -| Qipjicdla ace cpiall a rabaipc 



chan's Annotations the Sidhe or Dei terreni are 
referred to, which were clearly our present 
fairies ; but we have no materials left us to de- 
termine what the Pagan Irish exactly believed 
about them. From stories written in Christian 
times, it would appear that the Sidhe were be- 
lieved to be the spirits of theTuatha-De-Dananns, 
who haunted the different forts and hills where 
they had held their residences while living. 

'Expelled demons, ^c. — For an account of 
St. Patrick's expulsion of the demons from 
Cruachau- Aichle, or Croaghpatrick, see the Tri- 
partite Life of St. Patrick, apud Colgan, part ii. 
cc. 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 ; IVias Tliaum., p. 1 38. 
Some of the evil spirits expelled by St. Patrick 
on this occasion flew across the bay of Donegal, 
and settled in the Pagan region of Senghleann, 
in Tirconnell, where they remained secure from 
all the attacks of Christians till St. Columbkille 
finally dislodged them. 

' Baptized and Messed. — See Leahhar na-gCeari, 
p. 2:J5. 



" Seven hundred churches — The same number 
is given in a quotation from St. Eleranus, in the 
Leabhar-Breac, fol. 99, b, 1, and the same num- 
ber is attributed to him by Jocelyn and the 
Tripartite Life, apud Colgan ; Trias Thanm.., 
p. 167- See also Ussher's Primordia, p. 913. 

" Seven hundred bishops and three thousand 

priests " Episcopos enim trecentos et septua- 

ginta; sacerdotum quinque millia, etclericorum 
inferioris ordinis numerum sine numero, propria 
manu ordinasse legitur. Numerum autem Mo- 
nachorum atque Jlonialium, quos divino conse- 
cravit obsequio, solus Deus novit. Sacras etiam 
sedes, sedes Episcopales, Monasteria, Ecclesias, 
sacella, promiscue connumerantur, fundavit 
septingenta." — Vit. Tripartit. S. Patricii, part. ii. 
c. 97; Trias Thaum., p. 167. 

* Tlie human mind. — Dr. O'Conor renders this : 
" Fecit miraoula et mirabilia pluriraa, simulque 
informavit intellectum populorum ad commu- 
nionem, vel ad memoriam ejus. Fecit regulas 
valdc bonas." But he is totally beneath criti- 



493.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



157 



stroyed the idols wliicli they had for worshipping ; who had expelled demons* 
and evil spirits from among tlieni, and brought them from the darkness of sin 
and vice to tlie hght of f lith and good works, and who guided and conducted 
their souls from the gates of hell (to which they were going), to the gates of 
the kingdom of heaven. It was he that baptized and blessed' the men, women, 
sons and daughters of Ireland, with their territories and tribes, both [fresh] 
waters and sea-inlets. It was by him that many cells, monasteries, and churches 
were erected throughout Ireland ; seven hundred churches" was their number. 
It was by him that bishops, priests, and persons of every dignity were ordained ; 
seven hundred bishops, and three thousand priests" [was] their number. He 
woi'ked so many miracles and wonders, that the human mind'' is incapable of 
remembering or recording the amount of good which he did vipon earth. Wlieu 
the time of St. Patrick's death approached, he received the Body of Christ from 
the hands of the holy Bishop Tassach'', in the 122nd [year] of his age"", and 
resigned his spirit to heaven. 

There was a rising of battle'^, and a cause of dissension in the province 
contending for the body of Patrick after his death. The Ui-Neill" and the 



cism in blunders of this description. 

The absurdity of the miracles attributed to 
St. Patricli by all his biographers, on every 
frivolous occasion, without number, measure, 
or use, have created a doubt, in modern times, 
of the truth of everything they relate ; and 
if it happened that God suspended the laws of 
nature at the request of this great preacher, his 
biographers have described them, and the motives 
of them, so injudiciously, that modern readers 
can only laugh at them, unless they will be at 
great trouble to separate the fictitious and 
useless from the real and necessary wonders 
wrought by this apostle. 

' Tassach. — He is the patron saint of Kath- 
Cholptha, now the village of Eaholp, near Saul, 

in the barony of Lecale, and county of Down 

See note s, at A. D. 448, supra ; Trias Thaum., 
p. 6, col. 1. 

' In the 122nrZ \_ijear'\ of his age -See Ussher's 

Frimordia, pp. 881, 883, 887. In the Tripar- 



tite Life, apud Colgan, Trias Thaum., p. 168, 
he is also given this age of 1 22 years : 

" Curavit advocari S. Tassachum Episcopium; 
et e manu ejus salutare sumpsit viaticum, an- 
noque sui inter Hibernos Apostolatus Ixii. 
ajtatis cxxii. xvi. Kalendas Aprilis purissimum 
eoelo reddidit spiritum." 

According to a summary of dates and facts 
relating to St. Patrick, preserved in the Leahhar 
Breac (fol. 99, h, 1), he died "in the one hun- 
dred and twentieth year of his age, that is, the 
27th" [_recte 26th] "of the solar Cycle, the 
Calends of January being on Friday, the first 
year after the bisextile, on the 16th of the 
Calends of April, which, in that year, fell ou 
AVednesday, the 1.3th of the Moon." 

" A rising of batik This story is also given 

in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, apud 
Colgan, Trias Thaum., pp. 1G8, 169. 

'' The Ui-Neill: i. e. the descendants of Niall 
of the Nine Hostages. 



158 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiReoNN. 



[494. 



50 liQpomaclia, Ulaib acca popcab aca paofin, 50 nofcacrap Ui NeiU-j 
Qipjmlla 50 alaile uipcce,5o ccuapgaib an abann ppiu, co nd po curhciinjpec 
recc caippi Id meo a cuile. O do coidVi an cuile pop cciila Do beacarap 
na ploi j po combaij .1. Uf Neill "| Ulaib do bpfir chuipp pacpaicc leo. 
Qpfb cappap Id 7506 nopuing Di'ob co mbaf an copp leo bubein Docum a 
ccipe, 50 po foappccap Oia lao gan cpoio gan cachap pon lonnup pin. l?o 
liabnacbr lapaiti copp pacpaic 50 nonoip "] 50 naipmiccin moip, 1 nOun Da 
learglap, 1 na Di oibce Decc po bacap na ppuire aj paipe an ciiipp, co 
ppalma)b "] hjimnaib, ni baf oibce 1 TTlinjinip, ma ip na pfpannaib corhpoiccpib 
(an Dapleo) ace arhail biD poilpi an laoi lanpolaip po lonopchaib ann Do 
^pep. Qp DO bliabnaib baip naoiti pacpaicc acpubpab. 

O jTnap Cpiopc, dipfrii aic, 
.cccc. pop caorh nocair, 
ceopa bliabna paip lappoin, 
50 bdp parpaicc ppioitiapproil. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe ceD nochac a cfraip. Q pe Decc Do LugbaiD. Cach 
Cinoailbe pia cCoipbpe, mac Nell, pop Latjnib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD nochac ape. TTlocliaoi, abb nQonDpoma, Decc 



*■ The Oirghialla: i.e. the descendants of the 
Collas, who, at this time, possessed a vast terri- 
tory in Ulster, lying west of the River Bann 
and Gleann-Riglie. 

* Uha. — Called by Colgan, in his translation 
of the Tripartite Life, Ulidii. At this time 
they possessed only that portion of the province 
of Ulster lying east of the River Bann and 
Gleann-Righo. 

^ Dun-da-leatlt(jhlu,s: i.e. the dun or fort of 
the two broken locks or fetters, now Down- 
patrick. 

f It ioa-1 not night. — This is also stated by the 
author of the Tripartite Life : 

" El ita non visa est nox in tota ilia rcgione 
in tempore luctus Patricii." 

It is stated in Fiech's Hymn that the light 
continued for a whole year after Patrick's death. 



on whicli Colgan has the following note : 

" Quod in morte Patricii dierum duodecim 
naturalium spatium transierit sine noctis in- 
terpolatione tradunt Jocelinus c. 193, Author 
operis Tripartiti, p. 3, c. 106, Probus, 1. 2, c. 34, 
et alii communiter actoruni Patricii Scriptores, 
et quod toto sequcnti anno tempus nocturnum 
in ilia qua obiit Regione fuerit extraordinario 
quodam et ccelitus misso respersum lumine, alia 
indicant testimonia et argumenta. Ita euim 
indicat Probus loco citato, dicens: ' PUhs etiam 
il/iiis loci in quo srpultus est ccrtissima confiiTtial 
attestatione, quodrtsque ad Jinemtotiu^ mini, in qtw 
ohierat, 7ninquai7i nocturnales tenebrm quales exti- 
t/ssent, talcs anted fuerant, qnod nimirum ad tanti 
viri meritnm non diibium est. Item Author operis 
Tripart. p. 3, c. 1 OG : Et ferunt alii quod anno 
integro post Pulricii mortem, fuerit continua lux in 



494] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 159 

Oirghialla'' attempting to bring it to Armagh ; the Ulta" to keep it with them- 
selves. And the Ui-Neill and the Oirghialla came to a certain water, and the 
river swelled against them so that they were not able to cross it in consequence 
of the greatness of the flood. When the flood had subsided these hosts united 
on terms of peace, i. e. the Ui-Neill and the Ulta, to bring the body of Patrick 
with them. It appeared to each of them that each had the body conveying it 
to their respective territories, so that God separated them in this manner, with- 
out a fight or battle. Tlie body of Patrick was afterwards interred at Dun-da- 
lethglas^ with great honoin- and veneration ; and during the twelve nights that 
the religious seniors were watching the body with psalms and hymns, it was 
not night^ in Magh-inis or the neighbouring lands, as they thouglit, but as if it 
were the full undarkeued light of day. Of the year of Patrick's death was 
said : 

Since Christ was born, a correct enumeration, 

Four hundred and fair ninety. 

Three years add to these, 

Till the death of Patrick, chief Apostle. 

The Age of Christ, 494. The sixteenth year of Lughaidh. The battle of 
Ceann-Ailbhe^ by Cairbre, son of Niall, against the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 496. Mochaoi", Abbot of Aendruim, died on the twenty- 

Regione de Mag-inis.'' Adde quod iiomen illius '' Mochaoi, Abbot of Aendruim- — He was a 

Regionis exinde postea ortum, hoc ipsum indi- disciple of St. Patrick, and abbot of the island of 

Get. Vulgo enim vocatur Triuchached na soiUse, Aendruim, now Mahee Island, in Loch Cuan, or 

i. cantaredus seu centivillaria Regio luminis, ut Strangford Lough, in the county of Down. The 

vulgi usurpatio, at patriae historia contestantur. situation of Aendruim appears from a gloss on 

Unde propter hos coelestes radios tempus illud l\ie.Feilire-Aengu{s,s,t23i(}i3u\ie: "Oenopuim.i. 

nocturnum raro prodigio illustrantes, videtur oen culachan mil" uile, •] pop C-och Cucin ucu." 

S. Fiecus hie tempus illud vocasse continuam " Oendruim, i. e. all the island is [i. e. forms] 

lucem et diem prolongatam." — Trias Tliaum., one hill, and in Loch Cuan it is [situated]." — 

p. 6, col. 2, not. 20. See Description of Nendrum, by the Rev. Wil- 

8 Ceann-Ailbhe. — In the Annals of Clonmac- liam Reeves, pp. 30 to 34. The death of this 

noise the " battle of Kinailbe" is entered under saint is entered in the Annals of Tigheruach at 

the year 501. In the Ulster Annals it is called the year 497 ; in the Annals of Ulster at 493, 

the battle of Cnoc-Ailbhe. It was probably the and again from a different authority at 49S ; and 

name of a hill in Magh- Ailbhe, in the south of in the old Annals of Innisfallen at 490. — See note 

the county of Kildare. on Mochaoi under the year 432. 



160 



aHNQca Rio^hachca eiReaHw. 



[497. 



an rpeap la picheac Do mi lun. Carli Djionia Lochmaighe jiia Laijnibh 
pop Uib Nell. 

Cojibmac a Cpic in epnaiDe eppcop Qjioa TTlaca, coiTia]iba Parjiaicc, Do 
paoiDhfoli a ppiopairce. 

Qoip C|iiopc, cfiqie ceD nochac a peachc. Q naoi oecc De Lujliam. 
Cach Inoe ITloipe In cCjiich ua n^abla pop Laijnib, l pop loUann, mac 
Dunlainj, la muipcfpcacli mac Gapca. 

Qoip CpioiT, cfirpe ceD nochac a hoclic. Qn pichfcmaD bliabain Do 
LujaiD. pQigup niop, mac Gipc, nnc Gachacli TTlumpeaitiaip, co na bpaicpib 
Do Dili inn Qlbain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD nocliac a naoi. Q haon pichfc Do LujhaiD. 
Ceapban eappoc, 6 piopc Cfpbam oc Ueampaij, Decc. 

Car Seajpa pia muipcfpcacb mac Gpca pop Oiiach Ufnjurha, pi Con- 
race. IpeaD pochann an cacha .i. Tlluipcfpcach po bai bi pachaijiup ecip 
in pi ajiip GocbaiD Uiopmcapna, a bparhaip, 50 po gabab GochaiD pop 
comaipce TTluipcfpcoi^. Ceannpaolab apbepc Da beapbab. 



' Druim-Lockmaiglie. — See A. I\I. 3549, where 
it is stated that Lochmhagh is in the territory 
of Conaille, i. e. in the level portion of the county 
of Louth. 

'' Cormac of Crioch-an-Earnaidhe : i. e. the 
Territory of the Oratory or little Church, thus 
translated by Colgan in Trias Thaum., p. 293 : 
" S. Corbmacus de Crich-indernaidhe, successor 
S. Patricii, Ep. Ardmach, quievit in domino." 
He gives his acts at 17th of February, from 
which it would appear that he was the nephew 
of the monarch Laeghaire, by his brother Enda; 
tliat his body or relicjues were preserved at Trim, 
in Meath, and that his festival was celebrated at 
Armagh, on the 17th of February. In the copy 
of the FeUlre-Aenguis preserved in the Leuhhai- 
Breac, he is set down as " Copmac comopbu 
Pcicpaic I nQch cpuim ^oe jaipe," and the Edi- 
tor is of opinion that Cpioch cm eapnaibe may 
be a corruption of Cpioc ^^oe^aipe. 

' Inde-mor, in Chrioch-Ua-nGahlda Criocli- 

Ua-nGabhla, called, in the old translation of the 



Annals of Ulster, " O'Gawla's country," was 
the name of a territory situated in the south 
of the present county of Kildare, extending, 
according to the Book of Lecan, fol. 93-109, 
from Ath-Cuilchinge to Dubh-ath, near the 
hill of Mullaghmast ; and from Ath-glas-crichi, 
at Cluanies, to Uada, in Leix ; and from the 
ford of Ath-leathuacht to Gleann-Uissen, in 
Ui-Bairrche. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
" the battle of Inne" is entered under the year 
504. 

"" Fearglius Mor. — The Annals of the Four 
Masters are here antedated by at least five 
years, as Dr. O'Conor shews {Proleg. ad Ann., 
p. Lxxxvi). The Annals of Tighernach place 
the migration of the sons of Ere to Alba (Scot- 
land) during the pontificate of Symmachus, the 
Calends of January being on feria prima. Now 
Symmachus succeeded Anastasius the Second on 
the 10th of the Calends of December, A. D. 498, 
and died on the 14th of the Calends of August, 
A. D. 514, and during this whole period the 



497.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Nil 



third day of the month of June. The battle of Druim-Lochmaighe' [was gained] 
by the Leinstermen over the Ui-Neill. 

Cormac, of Chrioch-in-Ernaidhe", successor of Patrick, resigned his spirit. 

The Age of Christ, 497. Tlie nineteenth year of Lughaidh. The battle 
of Inde-Mor, in Crioch-Ua-nGabhla', [was gained] over the Leinstermen and 
lUann, son of Dunlaing, by Muircheartach mac Earca. 

The Age of Christ, 498 [rede 503]. The twentieth year of Lughaidh. 
Fearghus Mor", son of Ere, son of Eochaidh Muinreamhair, witli his brothers, 
went to Alba [Scotland]. 

The Age of Christ, 499 \_recte 504]. The twenty-first year of Lughaidli. 
Cerban, a bishop of Feart-Cearbain", at Teamhair, died. 

The battle of Seaghais° [was fought] by Muircheartach mac Earca against 
Duach Teangumha'', King of Connaught. The cause of the battle was this, 
viz. : Muircheartach was a guarantee between the King and Eochaidh Tirm- 
charna, his brother, and Eochaidh was taken prisoner against the protection of 
Muircheartach. In proof of which Ceannfacladh'' said : 



Calends of January did not fall on fcria prima, 
except twice, viz. A. D. 506, and 516 ; and, as 
Flann refers this emigration of the sons of Ere 
to the fifteenth year after the battle of Ocha, it 
follows from this singular coincidence, which 
could not happen otherwise than from historical 
verity, that this migration is to be referred to 
the year 506 of the common era. The Annals 
of Clonmacuoise refer this migration to the year 
501, which is much nearer to the true date than 
that given by the Four Masters. 

" Feurt-Cearhain : i. e. the Grave of Bishop 
Cerban, who was one of St. Patrick's converts. 
His death is entered in the Annals of Ulster at 
the year 503, and in the Annals of Tigliernach 
at 503, and again at 504, which is the true 
year, and that under which it is entered in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise. Feart-Chearbain 
was the name of a church situated to the north- 
east of Tara hill, but it is now totally effaced. 
— See Petrie's History and Antiquities of Tara 



Hill, p. 200, and plate 7 (facing p. 128), on 
which the position of this church is marked. 

" Seaghais. — This was the ancient name of the 
Curlieu hills, near Boyle, on the confines of the 
counties of Eoscommon and Sligo. This battle 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 
501. 

p Duach Teangumha: i. e. Dnach of the Brazen 
Tongvie. He was otherwise called Duach Galach, 
i. e. the Valorous. He was the son of Brian, 
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, Monarch of 
Ireland, and is the ancestor of the O'Conors of 
Connaught, as well as of the O'Kourkes and 
O'Keillys, and various other correlative fami- 
lies. 

■i Ceannfaeladh : i. e. Ceaniifaeladh-na-fogh- 
lama, or the Learned, of Derryloran, in Tyrone, 
who died, according to the Annals of Tigher- 
nach, in the year 679- He wrote a work on the 
synchronism of the Irish monartlis with the 
Roman Emperors. 



162 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eipeaNN. 



[500. 



Cach Sejlipa bfn oo mnaiB poDjiuaip, po bof cpu 0^15 Dap cpuip^h, 
la Oui]picJi, ingin Ouaich. 

cacli Dealcca, each ITlucparha acup each Uuama DpuBa, 
la each Sfgpa, hi ccopcaip Oimch Ufngiimha. 

Pop Connaccaib po ppaoineab na caca hipin. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, cuice eeD. Qn Dapabliabain pichfc Do LujhaiD. .8. Ibap 
eppuc, Decc an cpep la pichfc Do mf Qppil. Ceicpe bliabna ap cpi eeD poD 
a paojail. 

Cach Coehmaijhe pia Laijnib pop Uibh Nell. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuiec eeD a haon. Ct cpi piehfc Do Lujhaib. Cach Pperh- 
ainne hi TTliDe pop piaehaiD, mac Nell, pia pPailje beppaibe, Dia nebpab 
an pann, 

In pi aile apmbfpaiD piacha, mac Nell, ni celaiD, 

Qp paip, cap epfmla eile, cac ppeariina TTIioe nieabaib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuice eeD a cpi. lap mbfich cuij bliabna pichfc 1 pighe 
Gpeann do Lughaib, mac Laojaipe, copchaip 1 nQchab popcha, lap na bem 



' A certain woman : i. e. Duiseach. She was 
the wife of Mviircheartach macEarca, whom she 
incited to fight this battle against her father, 
Duach Teangumha, because he had made a pri- 
soner of her foster-father, Eochaidh Tirmcharna, 

in violation of her husband's guarantee See 

Book of Lecan, fol. 195, b. 

' Against the Coimanghtmen : i. e. these battles 
were gained by the race of Niall over the Con- 
iiaughtmen. The Editor has never seen a full 
copy of the poem of Cennfaeladh, from which 
the above verses are quoted. They are also 
quoted in O'Conor's printed Annals of Tigher- 
nach, in which the battle of Seaghais is twice 
mentioned as in the text of the Four Masters. 

' St. Ibhar. — The death of Bishop Iver, in the 
.'i03rd year of his age, is recorded in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, at the year 504. It is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster at the years 499, 500, 
and 50,'?. This Ibhar is the patron saint of the 



island of Beg-Erin or Parva Hibernia, near 
Wexford, where there are still to be seen some 

ruins of his church See Ussher's Primordia, 

pp. 794, 901, 10G2; Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
pp.50, 450, 610; and Archdall's Monasticon, 
p. 733. In the Feilire-Aenguis, at 23rd April, 
Bishop Ibhar is noticed : 

" f,oichec eppcop IBaip, apopc ceno cec epip, 
Qn Bpeo uap cuinO i qiilip, i nGpino bic 
bebuip." 

" A lamp was Bishop Ibhar, who attained to the 
head of every piety ; 
The flame over the wave in brightness, in Erin 
Beg he died." 

Dr. O'Conor says that the great age ascribed 
to this and other saints is owing to the error of 
transcribers, in mistaking cpi .1. thrice fifty, for 
rpi .c. three hundred. 

" LocJtmagh.—Seo A.M. 3549-3(;5(; ; A. I). 496. 



500.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1G3 

The battle of Seagliais ; a certain woman'' caused it ; red blood was over lances, 

By Duiseach, daughter of Duach. 

The battle of Dealga, the battle of Mucramha, and the battle of Tuaim- 

Drubha, 
With the battle of Seaghais, wherein fell Duach Teangundia. 

Against the Connaughtmen' these battles were gained. 

The Age of Christ, 500. The twenty-second year of Lughaidh. Saint 
Ibhar', the bishop, died on the twenty-third day of the month of April. Three 
hundred and four years was the length of his life. 

The battle of Lochmagh" by the Leinstermen, against the Ui-Neill. 

The Age of Christ, 501. The twenty-third year of Lughaidh. The battle 
of Freamhain', in Meath, against Fiacha, son of Niall, by Failge Berraidhe, con- 
cerning which this quatrain was composed : 

The other king whom I shall mention uns Fiacha, son of Niall, I shall not 

conceal him ; 
It was against him, contrary to a false prophecy, the battle of Freamhain, in 

Meath, was gained. 

The Age of Christ, 503. After Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, had been 
twenty-five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was killed at Achadh-farcha", 

' Freamhainn. — See A. M. 5084, p. 89, note ", extinctus illico interiit. Unde et locus nomen 

supra. abinde sortitus, Acliadh-farcha, .i. collis fiil- 

" Achadh-farcJia : i. e. the Field of the Light- minis ajsj^ellatur." — Part ii. c. 77. Colgan adds 

ning. Colgan says that the place retained this in a note, Trias Thaum., p. 17-, n. 44 : 
name in his own time, but does not define its " Et loci illius Achadh-t'archa, id est collis 

exact situation. The words of the author of fulminis, appellati, nomen quod usque in hunc 

the Tripartite Life, in describing this event, are diem retinet conformat. Est autem in finibus 

as follows : Dicecesis et Comitatus Orientalis Medi»." 

" Venit" [Lugadius] " ad locum quendam It is stated in the Life of St. Patrick pre- 

Achadh-farcha appellatum ; ubi conspiciens served in the Leai/iar Breac, fol. 14, «, 2, that 

quandam Ecclesiam in coUe positam, ait; nun- Achadh-farcha is situated in the territory of 

quid ilia est Ecclesia istius clerici, qui iniquo Ui-Cremhthainne. This territory is now in- 

prophetia; spiritu, prsedixit nullum de Leogarii eluded in the baronies of Slane, in East Meath. 

patris mei semine Regem vel principem prodi- In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 

turum ? Et statim ac htec protulit, fulminis e Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, is entered under 

Cffilo missi, et in verticem ejus cadentis, ictu the year 509. 

y2 



164 



aNHQca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[.504. 



Dpopcha cenncijlie, cpe miopbailibli Oe, cpep an oimiaDli cuccu]"coip oo 
Parcjiaicc, arhail a Dei|i an jiann po : 

Q nQchab pa]ica ujpach, bdp rhic Laojaipe Liijacli, 
^an molbra call na ponn, De do popcha cpom ceinncije. 

Gochaib, mac TTluiprDliaig TTluinDeipcc, pi Ulat), oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD a cfrap. Cln ceio bliabain do TTluipcrpracli, mac 
TTluipeDhaij, mic Gojain, mic Nell, na pigh op 6pmn. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, ciiicc ceo ape. Ctn cpeap bliaDain Do ITlliuipcfpcacli. 
lollann, mac Ounlaing, pi Laijfn, Decc. Cac Luacpa pia Coincopb pop 
Uib Neill. Ctp DO po paiDfD. 

Cac lonn Limcpa, iiapa cuap, accfp bpijic, ni ppic pdp, 
planncac pionnabpac ba huap im copp nlollainn lap na bdp. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD apeacc. Ctn cfcpamaD blia&ain Do muipcfpcach. 
Cach Opoma ofpgaije pop poilje mbeppaiDe, pia pPiacliaiD mac Nell. 



" King of Uladh : i. e. of Ulidia ; bounded on 
the west by Gleann-Righe, Lough Neagh, and 
the Lower Bann. 

1 Muirchearlach, son of Mnireadhach He is 

otherwise called Muircheartach Mor Mac Earca. 
After the death of the monarch Lughaidh, 
( )'Flaherty introduces, in his Catalogue of the 
Christian Kings of Ireland {Oijijrjia, iii. 93), an 
interregnum of five years, that is, from the year 
508 till 51. 'J, which he makes the year of Muir- 
cheartach's accession. The Annals of Ulster 
place the death of Lughaidh in 507, and again, 
according to another authority, in 511, and the 
accession of Muircheartach in the year 512. 
The probability is that there was no interreg- 
num, for Muircheartach, who was the Hector of 
the Ui-Neill, was too powerful in Ireland to 
be kept from the throne after the death of 
Lughaidh. 

' Luachair: i. e. a liushy Place. There are 
countless places of this name in Leinsler, but 



the Editor has never been able to discover the 
exact situation of the site of this battle. 

'^ Fioiinabhair. — Now Fennor, near Kildare. 
— See Inquisitions, Laffenia, Kildare, 8, 40 
Jac. i. 

'' About the body oflllann It is stated in the 

second Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan 
{Trias Thcmm., pp. 546 to 563), that after the 
death of lUann, King of Leinster, the Nepotes 
Neill, or race of Niall of the Nine Hostages, led 
an army into Leinster, and proceeded to devas- 
tate the province ; but that the Lagenians, 
placing the dead body of the king in a chariot, 
marched against them, and defeated them with 
great slaughter : 

" Factum est autem post mortem lUand, qui 
vixit annis cxx. congregantes nepotes Neill es- 
ercitum fines devastare Lageniensium ; inierunt 
Lagenienses consilium, dicentes ponaiiius corpus 
niorluum Regis nostri conditum ante nos in 
curru contra hostes, et pugnenius contra circa 



504.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



165 



being struck by a flash of lightiiiiig, by the miracles of God, on account of the 
insult which he had offered to Patrick, as this quatrain states : 

At Achadh-farcha warlike, the death of Laeghaire's son, Lughaidh [occurred], 
Without praise in heaven or here, a heavy flash of lightning smote him. 

Eochaidh, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Uladh", died. 

The Age of Christ, 504. The first year of Muircheartach, son of JMuireadh- 
ach'', son of Eoghan, son of Niall, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 506. The third year of Muircheartach. Illann, son 
of Dunking, King of Leinster, died. The battle of Luachair* [was fought] by 
Cucorb against the Ui-Neill, of which was said : 

The fierce battle of Luachair, over head, Brighit saw, no vain vision ; 
The bloody battle of Fionnabhair" was noble, about the body of Illann'' after 
his death. 

The Age of Christ, 507. The fourth year of Muircheartach. The battle 
of Druim-Deargaighe" [was gained] against Foilghe Berraidhe, by Fiacha, sou 



cadaver ejus. Et illis sic facientibus illico ue- 
potes Neill in fugam versi sunt, et cajdes facta 
est in eis. Donum euLm victorife per S. Brigidam 
adhuc in corpore Regis mansit." — Trias T/icium., 
pp.551, 552. 

The following battles are mentioned in the 
ancient historical tale called Borumlia Laighean, 
as having been fought by the race of Neill 
against the Leinstermen, who opposed the pay- 
ment of the Borumean tribute, from the period 
of the death of Oilioll Molt to that of the pre- 
sent monarch : 

" The battle of Granni ; the battle of Tortan ; 
the battle of Druim Ladhgainn ; the battle of 
Bri-Eile; the battle of Freamhainn, in Meath, 
by Failghe Eot, son of Cathaeir (non illius 
Magni Regis); twenty-eight battles by the son 
of Dunlaing, in consideration of the word" 
[curse] " of St. Bridget ; the battle of Magh- 
Ochtair, against Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire; 



the battle of Drulm-da-mhaighe ; the battle of 
Dun-Masc" [Dunamase]; " the second battle of 
Ocha; the battle of Slabhri; the battle of Cinn- 
srathi; the battle of Finnabhair, by Ailill, sou 
of Dunlaing; the battle around the body of 
Illann." 

" Druim- Deargaighe. — This battle is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster twice ; first at the year 
515, and agaiu at 51G, as follows : 

"A. D. 515. Bellum Droma derge for Failgi. 
Fiacha victor erat. Deinde Campits Midi a Lai- 
geneis sublatus est. 

" A. D. 516. Bellum T>von\a derge la Fiacha 
mac Neill for Failge m-Bearaighe, inde Magh 
Midhe a Lageneis sublatus est, ut Ceannfaeladh 
cecinit, &c." It is also given in the Annals of 
Tighernach, in which the part of Meath re- 
covered from Leinster is thus mentioned : " ip 
anop a car pin po pcapao a cuio Don lllioe ppi 
6ui|5iii CO h-Uipneuc," i.e. "It was by this 



166 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eineaNN. 



[511. 



Ctp la cinel piachaiD an pfponn o Cluain in Dibai]i co liUipnfcli opin ille, 
arhail apbepr Cfnopaolaoh 

Diglial Dia peachr inbliaban, 
ba pi Dijoe a cp\6e 
each 1 nDpomm ofpj^aije 
ba 6e Do cfp ma^ ITliDe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceo a liaoin noecc. Ct hoclic do mViiiipcfpracli. 
S. 6pon eppcop o Cuil loppae, i cConoacliruib, Decc, an cochrriiaD Id Do 
mi lun. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceD a do Deg. Q naoi do TTluipcfpcach. S. Gape 
Slaine eppucc Lilcai j, -] 6 pfpca pfp ppeig 1 craob SiDhe Upuim aniap, Do 
eee, an Dapa let do rhi Nouenibpip. Deicli mbliaDna ap elieichrpe pichcib a 



battle that its part of Meath was separated from 
Leinster, as far as Uisneach." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is noticed 
as follows : 

" A. D. 515. The battle of Dromdargie was 
fought by Fiagh mac Neale, in which he re- 
covered Usneagh to be of the land of Kynaleagh, 
where Foilge Merrye was overcome." 

^ Cluain-in-dibhair. — This is otherwise called 
Cluain-an-dobhair, and is situated somewhere 
in the present King's County, but it has not 

been identified See it again referred to at the 

years 843, 9.38, 942. 

' Uisneach.- — Now Usnagh hill, in the parish 
of Killare, barony of Rathconrath, and county 
of Westmeath. — See note s, under A. D. 1414, 
p. 818, infrii. The territory of Cinel-Fiachrach, 
which originally comprised the countries of 
O'Molluy, now in the King's County, and of 
Mageoghegan, now the barony of Moycashel, 
in Westmeath, originally extended from Birr 
to the hUl of Uisneach. 'J'his hill is also re- 
markable in Irish history as being the point at 
which the five provinces met, and a stone si- 
tuated on its summit, now called Cat-Uisnigh, 
and by Keating Ail-na-minaim, i. e. " the Kock 



of the Divisions," is called Umbilicus Hibernice 
by Giraldus Cambrensis. " In quinque por- 
tiones aquales inter se diviserunt, quarum ca- 
pita in lapide quodam conveuiunt apud Mediam 
juxta castrum de Kyllari, qui lajiis et umbili- 
cus Hibernia; dicitur: quasi in medio et medi- 
tullio terrae positus." — Topographia Hiberniie, 
Dist. iii. c. 4. 

f The vengeance of God. — The Editor has never 
met a lull copy of the poem from which this qua- 
train is quoted. It would appear to be on the sub- 
ject of the formation of the territory of the tribe 
of Cinel-Fiachach, who recovered from Failghe 
Bearraidhe, chief of OfFally, a tract of country 
extending from Chaain-an-dobhair to the hill of 
Uisneach, after the battle of Druim-Deargaighe. 
The Failghe Berraidhe here referred to is men- 
tioned in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick 
(part iii. c. 5C), as an obdurate Pagan, who at- 
tempted to murder St. Patrick, but perished in 
the attempt himself, and drew down the ven- 
geance of heaven upon his race. He had a 
brother, Failghe lios, or, more correctly, Failghe 
Hot, who received St. Patrick with honour, and, 
therefore, prospered in the land. 

6 Cuil-lrra. — A district in the south-west of 



I 



511.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



167 



of Niall. From that time forward the land [extending] from Cluain-in-dibhair" 
to Uisneach^ belongs to the Cinel-Fiachach, as Ceannfaeladh said : 

The vengeance of God*^ lasted for seven years; 

But the joy of his heart was 

The battle of Druim-Dearo-airfie, 

By which the plain of Meath was detached. 

The Age of Christ, 511. The eighth year of Muircheartach. Saint Bron, 
Bishop of Cuil-Irra^, in Connaught, died on the eighth day of the month of 
June. 

The Age of Christ, 512. The ninth year of Muircheartach, Saint Ere", 
Bishop of Lilcach' and of Fearta-fear-Feig'', by the side of Sidhe-Truim, to the 
west, died on the second day of the month of November. His age was four- 



ths barony of Carbury, and county of Sligo, 
comprising the parislies of Killaspvigbrone and 
Kihnacnowen. It is stated in the Annotations 
of Tirechan, in the Book of Armagh, that St. 
Patrick passed from Forracli-mac-nAmlialgaidh 
to Ros Filiorum Caitni, where he built a church, 
and, crossing the Muaidh [Moy] at Bertriga 
[Bartragh], lie raised a cross there, and pro- 
ceeded thence to the mound of Eiabart, near 
which he built a church for his disciple, Bishop 
Bronus, the sou of Icnus. This is called the 
church of Cassel-irra in the Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick (part ii. c. 97), and nowCill eapbuig 
6p6in, anglice Killaspugbrone from this Bishop. 
— See Genealof/ies, Tribes, ^-c, of Hij-Fiachrach, 
p. 470, and the map to the same work. In 
Michael O'Clery's Irish Calendar the festival of 
this bishop is entered at 8th of June. 

'' St. Ere See note ', under the year 448, 

p. 136, siqjra. 

i Lilcach. — Not identified. Dr. O'Conor 
takes this to mean " deditus religioni." 

'' Fewta-fear-Feig Dr. O'Conor translates 

this: " S. Ercus Slanensis Episcopus deditus 
religioni et loci dicti Sepulchra Virorum Feig 



in regione locus iste est Trimmife ad Occiden- 
tem, obiit die 2do Mensis Novembris." But he 
certainly mistakes the meaning. Colgan renders 
it: "Ercus Episcopus Lilcaciensis et Ferta- 
feggiensis .i. Slanensis 2 Novembris mortuus 
est anno atatis 90." — Acta SS., p. 190. 

Fearta-fear-Feig, i. e. the Graves of the Men 
of Feig, is the ancient name of Slane on the 
Boyne, and Sidh-Truim is not the present town 
of Trim, as assumed by Dr. O'Conor, but the 
name of a hill, situated to the east of Slane. 
The situation of Fearta-fear-Feig is described 
by Colgan as follows : 

" Est locus ad septentrionalem marginem 
lluminis Boandi, hodie Slaine dictus. Dicitur 
Ferta-fer-Feic .i. fossse, sive sepulchra virorum 
Feic, ex eo quod servi cujusdam dynasty nomine 
Feic, ibi altas fecerint fossas pro occisorum cor- 
poribus humandis." — Trias Thaum., p. 20, n. 60. 

In the fourth Life of St. Patrick a similar 
derivation of this name is given; and it is stated 
that the paschal fire, lighted there by St. Patrick, 
was visible from Tara, which clearly shews that 
it is not situated to the west of Trim, as Dr. 
O'Conor has so hastily assumed. 



168 



QNNaca Rio^liachca eineaNN. 



[513. 



aoip an ran rhff ca, Qp e an rfp)Ducc Gipc pin po ba bpfirfrii Do piiarrpaicc. 
Qp DO pome pacpaicc an pano po. 

Gppucc 6pc, — 

gacli nf conceapcaDh ba cfpc, 
jacli aon beipeap coiceapc cfpc 
popcpaib fnoachr beappinc GpD. 

Dubrach .i. a Dpiiim Dfpb eppucc Qpomacha Do paoiDfoh a Spiopaicce. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo acpf Decc. Ctn DecliriiaD bliabain TTlbuipcfpraig. 
.8. TDncnipi .1. Qonjap, eppucc Connepe, Decc ancpeap la do Nouembep. 

Cacb OeDna, 1 nOpomaib bpeaj, pia TTluipcfpcach mac Gapca, 1 pia 
cColju, mac Loici, mic Cpuinn, mic pfibbmiD, cooipeac Qipjiall, Du in po 
mapbaD Qpojal, mac ConaiU Cperhrainne, mic Neill. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD a peace Deg. Ct cfraip Decc Do niuipceapcach. 
.8. Oapfpca Cille Slebe Cuilinn, Dap bainm ITloninDe Decc 6 lulu. Naoi 
pichic bliaDhain poD a paojoil Dm nebpao. 

Naoi pichic bliabain mole, 
DO peip pia^la gan cime, 
jan baep, jan beD, gan baojal, 
ba he paojal ITloninDe. 



' Bishop Ere. — Tliis quatrain is also quoted 
by Tighernach, who ascribes it to St. Patrick, 
ill the Book of Lecan, fol. 306, a, 1 ; and in the 
Letibliar-Breac, fol. 11 , a. 

'° Druim-Dcaihh. — This is probably the place 
called Derver, in the county of Louth. Dubh- 

thach succeeded in 497 See Harris's edition 

of Ware's Bishops, p. 36. 

" Macnisi. — He was a disciple of St. Patrick, 
and the founder of the episcopal church of 

Connor, ii\ the county of Antrim See £ccle- 

sinstical Antiquities of Down and Connor and 
Dromore, by the Rev. William Reeves, A. B., 
pp. 237-239. Cnes, the daughter of Conchaidh, 
of the tribe of Dal-Ceithirn, was his mother, 
from whom he was called Man Cneise. Ilis fes- 
tival was kept on the 3rd of September, accord- 



ing to the Feilire-Aenguia and O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar, in which it is stated that his first 
name was Aenghus, and that he was also called 
Caemhan Breac. 

" Dedna, in Dronia-Breiigk This was the 

name of a jilace in the north of the county of 
Meath, adjoining that of Cavan. The fort of 
Eath-Ochtair-Cuillinn is also referred to as 

I n-t)puininib 6pea^ See Leabkar-na-gCeart, 

p. 12. 

<" Cill-Skibhe- Cuilinn : i. e. the Church of Slieve 
Gullion, now Killeavy, an old church in a pa- 
rish of the same name, situated at the foot of 
Slieve Gullion, in the barony of Upper Orior, 
and county of Armagh. This mountain took 
its name from Cuileann, an artilicer, who lived 
here in the reign of Conchobhar Mac Nessa, 



513.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 169 

score and ten years when lie departed. This Bishop Ere was judge to Patrick. 
It was for him Patrick composed this quatrain : 

Bishop Ere', — 

Every thing he adjudged was just ; 
Every one that passes a just judgment 
Shall receive the blessing of Bishop Ere. 

Dubhthach, i. e. of DruimDearbh"", Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], re- 
signed his spirit. 

TJie Age of Christ, 513. The tenth year of Muircheartach. Saint Mac- 
uisi°, i.e. Aenghus, Bishop of Coinnere [Connor], died on the third day of 
November. 

The battle of Dedna, in Droma-Breagh°, by Muircheartach mac Earca, and 
by Colga, son of Loite, son of Crunn, son of Feidlilimidh, [son of Colla Dach- 
rich], chief of Airghialla, where Ardghal, son of Conall Creamhthainne, son of 
Niall, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 517. The fourteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Darerca, of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuilinn'', whose [first] name was Moninne, died on the 
6th of July. Nine-score years was the length of her life ; of whom was said : 

Nine-score years together, according to rule without error, 

Without folly, without evil, without danger, was the age of Moninne. 

King of Ulster, and by whom the celebrated " Usserus, de Primordiis Ecclesiar. Britann. 

hero, Cuchullainn, was fostered. Ussher {Pri- pag. 705 et 706, confundit hanc Darercam so- 

mordia, p. 705), who had an ancient Life of rorem Sancti Patricii, cum alia Darerca, dicta 

Moninne, written by Conchubhranus, and Mi- Moninna, Abbatissa de Killslebhe in Ultonia. 

chael O'Clery, in his Irish Calendar, have con- Sed si vir, alias Antiquitatis peritissimus, ea, 

founded this Darerca with Darerca, the sister of quie de Sancta Moninna producturi sumus ad 6 

St. Patrick; but they were clearly different per- Julii, perspecta habuisset aliter sentiisse non 

sons, for the festival of Darerca, the sister [or ambigimus." — Acta Sanctorum, p. 719, not. 7. 

supposed sister] of Patrick, was held on the 22nd St. Moninne, of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuillin, founded 

of JMarch, whereas that of Moninne, of Cill- seven churches in Scotland, as Ussher shews 

Sleibhe-Cuilinn, was held on the 6th of July. from Conchubhranus: one called Chilnacase, in 

On this mistake of Ussher Colgan has the fol- Galloway ; another on the summit of the moun- 

lowing note in his Life of Darerca, at 22nd tain of Dundevenal, in Laudonia; the third on 

March, which shews the high esteem he had for the mountain of Dunbreten ; the fourth at the 

Ussher's veracity as a historian : castle of Strivelin ; the fifth at Dun-Eden, now 



170 



aNNa('.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[519. 



Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceo anaoi Decc. Q f6 Decc do mhuipcfpcach. 
S. Conolaeoh, eppcop Cille Dapa, cfpD bpijoe, Decc 3. TTlaii. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceo piche a haon. Ct hoclir Decc Do mhinpcfprach. 
S. 6uicft, mac bponaij, eppucc TTlainipcpe, Decc 7. Oecembep. 

buire bpaclici bpf co mblaiD, rf cec rpaclia Dom cobhaip, 

^eal glac 50 njlopaib ngluinn njlom, Dfj mac bponai j, mic bolaip. 

Goip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo piche a cpf. Qn pichfrriiab bliabain Do TTluip- 
cfpcach. beoaib, eppucc QpDo capna, Decc, an coccrhab la do TTlapra. 
Gocliaib, mac Qonjupa, pijTTIumaTi, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD piche a cfcaip. Ct haon pichfc Do ITluipceaprach. 
Cach Qrha Sije pia muipcfpcach pop LaijniB, Du in po mapBab Sije, mac 
Dfin, conab uaba a ofpap Qr Sije. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceo pice a cuicc. Q Do picfc Do TTluipceapcach. 
S.bpighic ogh, banabChille Dopa [oecc]. Qp Dipibe cecuppo hiobbpaohCill 



Edinburgh ; the sixth on the mountain of Dun- 
pelder ; and the seventh at Lanfortin, near 
Dundee, where she died. Some ruins of her 
church, near which stood a round tower, are 
still to be seen at Killeavy. 

1 Connlaedh.—" A. D. 520. Conlaedh Eps. 
Cille-dara doi-mivit.'" — Tighernach. He was the 
first Bishop of Kildarc, and his festival was 
there celebrated on the 3rd of May, according 
to all the Irish martyrologies. In a note on 
the Feilire-Aengim, at this day, it is stated that 
Ronnchenn was his first name, and that he was 
also called Mochonna Daire; that he was Bishop 
of Kildare, and St. Bridget's chief artificer. 
This note adds that he was finally eaten by 
wolves. Cogitosus, the author of the second 
Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan, has the 
following notice of Conlaedh's episcopal dresses : 

" Secundum enim beatissimi lob exemplum 
nunquain iuopes a se recedere sinu vacuo passa 
est; nam vestimcnta transmarina et peregrinii 
Episcopi Conlaith decorati luminis, quibus in 
solemnitatibus Domini et vigiliis Apostolorum 
sacra in altaribus off'erens mysteria utcbatur. 



pauperibus largita est." — Trkis Thauia., c. 39, 
p. 522. 

' Buite mac Bronaigh. — He is the patron saint 
of Mainister Buithe, now Monasterboice, in the 
barony of Ferrard, and county of Louth, where 
his festival was celebrated on the 7 th of De- 
cember, according to the Feilire-Aenguis See 

O'Donnell's Life of St. Columbkille, lib. i. c. 65 ; 
see also the Annals of Ulster at the year 518, 
where it is stated that St. Columbkille was born 
on the same day on which this Buite died. 

"A. D. 518. Naiivitas Coluim Cille eodein die 
quo Bute (Boetius) mac Bronaig dormivit.'" 

His death is also entered in the same Annals, 
under the year 522. 

^ Beoaidh, Bishop of Ard-carna: i.e. Beo-Aedh, 
Aldus Vivens, or Vitalis, of Ardcarne, a church 
in the barony of Boyle, and county of Roscom- 
mon, and about four miles due east of the town of 
Boyle. — See noto'',und(!r the year 1224. Colgan, 
who puts together, at the 8th of March, all 
the scattered notices of this saint that he could 
find, states {Acta SS., p. 563) that his bell 
was preserved at Baile-na-gCleircach, in Breifny 



5190 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



171 



The Age of Christ, 519. The sixteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Connlaedh'', Bishop of Kildare, Bridget's brazier, died on the 3rd of May. 

The Age of Christ, 521. The eighteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Buite mac Bronaigli'', bishop of Mainister, died on the 7th of December. 

Let Buite, the virtuous judge of fame, come each day to my aid, 
The fair hand with the glories of clean deeds, the good son of Bronach, son of 
Bolar. 

The Age of Christ, 523. The twentieth year of Muircheartach. Beoaidh', 
Bishop of Ard-carna, died the eighth day of March. Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, 
King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 524. The twenty-first year of Muircheartach. The 
battle of Ath-Sighe' [was gained] by Muircheartach against the Leinstermen, 
where Sighe, the son of Dian, was slain, from whom Ath-Sighe is called. 

The Age of Christ, 525. Saint Brighit", virgin. Abbess of Cill-dara", [died]. 
It was to her Cill-dara was first granted, and by her it was founded. Brighit 



(how Ballynaglearagh, on the confines of the 
counties of Leitrim and Cavan) : 

" Ejus nola Ceolan Beoaidh .i. nola Beoadi, 
appellata, ad instar pr(Etiosarum reliquiarum 
gemmis et argenteo tegumento celata in ecclesia 
de Baile-na-cclereach, in regione Breffinise as- 
servatur in magna veneratione, ob multa, quse 
in dies per ilium fiunt miracula." 

■ Ath-Sighe : i. e. the Ford of Sighe, now 
Assey, a parish in the barony of Deece, and 
county of Meath. It was originally the name 
of a ford on the River Boyne, but afterwards 
the name extended to a church and castle erected 
near it. This battle is entered in the Annals 
of Ulster under the year 527 : 

" A. D. 527- Bellum Ath-Sighe pop Laigniu. 
Muirceartach mac Erce victor fuit." 

" Brighit This name is explained bpeo- 

paijir, i. e. fiery Dart, in Cormac's Glossary and 
by Keating. The death of St. Bridget is entered 
from various authorities in the Annals of Ulster, 
as follows : 

" A. D. 523. Quies S- Brigide an. Ixx etatis sue." 



"A. D. 525. Dormitatio Sancte Brigide cm. 
Ixx etatis sue." 

" A. D. 527. Vel hie Dormitatio Brigide secun- 
dum lihrum Mochod." 

Dr. O'Conor thinks that the true year is 523. 
— See his edition of the Annals of Ulster, p. 13, 
note 3, where he writes : 

" Omnes, uno ore, referunt obitum S. Brigida' 
ad ann. xxx. post excessum S. Patricii, etsi in 
anno serse communis dissentiant. Marianus 
Scotus obitum S. Patricii referens ad annum 
491, post annos xxx. excessum S. Brigidse me- 
morat. Vide Mariani Excerpta ex Cod. prse- 
stantissimo, Nero, c. v. in Appendice, No. 1. 
Atqui Patricius obiit anno 493, ergo Brigida 
anno 523." 

" CiU-dara. — Now Kildare. This is called 
Cella Roboris by Ultanus, in the third Life of 
St. Bridget published by Colgan, Trias Thaum., 
p. 531, c. 47; and in the fourth Life, which is 
attributed to Animosus, the name is explained 
as follows : 

" Ilia jam cella Scotice dicitur Killdara, la- 



z2 



172 



aNHQca Rio^hachca eiReawH. 



[526. 



Dapa, -] ha le coniiooaclic. Clyi bpijic c]ia nd rucc a meanmain net a hinn- 
rfipiifi ay in coimoeab eaoli naonuaijie |iiarh ace a popluaDh,-] a piopy^muai- 
neaD Do sjief ma C|ii6e -] mfnmain, amail ap ep|iDe]ic ina bfchaiD pfin, i i 
inbfchaib naoirfi bpenainn, eppucc Cluana pfjica. r?o rocbaic nnoppo a 
liaimpip ace pojnatii 50 Diocpa oon coimbe, 05 Denomli pfpn 1 miopbal, 05 
pldnuccao gacli salaip ■] jach cfnhina apcfna, arhail aipnei6fp a bfra, 50 po 
paom a ppipac do cum nime, on ceD Id Do mi' Pebpi), "] po haDnacc a copp 1 
nDun 1 noon cuinba la pacpaicc, co nonoip -] co naipmiDin. 

QiliU, eppcop QpDa TTlacha, Do Uib bpeapail DopiDe, do ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ciiicc ceo piclie ape. Qn cpeap bliaDain pichfc DoTTlhuip- 
cfpcach. Clp DO raippngipe bdip TTlliuipceapcaij aobeapc Caipneacb, 

dy am uaiiion ap in mbein, ima luaiDpe ilop Sin, 

Qp piup loipccpibep 1 cnn, pop caoib Clecij bdiDpip pin. 

.1. la Sin injin Sije Dopocaip TTliiipcrpcach, 1 ccionab a liarcip po nictpbporh. 



tine vero sonat cella querciis. Quercus enim 
altissima ibi erat quam multum S. Brigida dili- 
gebat et benedixit earn : cujus stipes adhuc 
manet." — See also Ussher's Primordia, p. 627. 

" Her oivn Life Colgan has published six 

Lives of St. Bridget in his Trias Thaiim. The 
first, a metrical Irish one, attributed to St. 
Brogan Cloen, who flourished in the time of 
Lughaidh, the son of Laeghaire ; the second, a 
Latin Life, ascribed to Cogitosus, who is sup- 
posed by Colgan to have flourished in the sixth 
century, but who is now believed to have writ- 
ten ill the eighth or ninth century; the third, 
which is said to have been written by Ultanus, 
a bishop; the fourth, attributed to Anmchadh, 
or Animosus, Bishop of Kildare, who flourished 
in the tenth century; the fifth by Laurentius 
liunelincnsis; and the sixth, which is in Latin 
metre, by Coclanus of luis-Cealltra. 

' The firat diit/ ofthemmitlt nfFehriiary This 

day is still called lu peile Opijoe throughout the 
Irish-speaking parts of Ireland, and the month 
of February is called mi n<i prile 6pi5oe. 



' At Dun : i. e. Downpatrick. This is not 
true, for we learn from Cogitosus that the 
bodies of Bishop Conlaeth and St. Bridget were 
placed on the right and left side of the deco- 
rated altar of the church of Kildare, being de- 
posited in monuments adorned with various 
embellishments of gold and silver, and gems and 
precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver 
depending' from above." — Trias Tfiaum., pp. 52.3, 
524. It is very clear from this testimony of 
Cogitosus, that in his time the story of St. 
Bridget being buried at Down was unknown, 
and that the finding of the reliques of the Trias 
Thaumaturga at Down in 1 185, was an invention 
by Sir John DeCourcy and his adherents, for the 
purpose of exalting the character of Down, then 
recently acquired by the English. — See note f, 
under the year 12L)3, pp. 456, 457. The author 
of the fourth Life says that St. Bridget was bu- 
ried along with Patrick immediately after her 
death, but this is evidt'utly an interpolation 
since De Courcy's time. 

° Ui-Breasail : i.e. the Kaoe ofBreasal. These 



526.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



173 



was she who never turned her mind or attention from the Lord for the space of 
one liour, but was constantly meditating and thinking of him in lier licart and 
mind, as is evident in her own Life", and in the Life of St. Brenainn, Bishop 
of Ckiain-fearta. She spent her time diligently serving the Lord, performing 
wonders and miracles, healing every disease and every malady, as her Life 
relates, until she resigned her spirit to heaven, the first day of the month of 
February''; and her body was interred at Dun^, in tlie same tomb with Patrick, 
with honour and veneration. 

Ailili, Bishop of Armagh, who was of the Ui Breasail', died. 

The Age of Christ, 526. The twenty-third year of Muircheartach. It was 
to predict the death of Muircheartach that Cairneach said : 

I am fearfuP of the woman around whom many storms shall move, 
For the man who shall be burned in fire, on the side of Cleiteach wine shall 
drown. 

That is, by Sin, daughter of Sighe", Muircheartach was killed, in revenge of 
her father, whom he had slain. 



were otherwise called Ui-Breasail-Maclia and 
Clann- Breasail, and derived their name and 
lineage from Breasal, son of Feidhlim, son of 
Fiachra Casan, son of CoUa Dachrich. — See 
O'Flaherty's Ogyf/ia, iii. c. 76. On an old map 
of a part of Ulster, preserved in the State Pa- 
pers' Office, London, the territory of Clanbrazil 
is shewn as on the south side of Lough Neagh, 
where the Upper Bann enters that lake, from 
which, and from the space given it, we may 
infer that it was co-extensive with the present 
barony of Oneilland East. This Ailili was con- 
verted to Christianity by St. Patrick, together 
with his five brothers, and succeeded Dubhthach 
in the year 513. — See Harris's edition of Ware's 
Bishops, p. 37. 

'' I am fearful. — These versos are also quoted 
by Tighernach. They are taken from a very old 
tragical tale entitled " Oighidh Mhuircheartaigh 
Mhoir mic Earca" i. e. the Death of Muirchear- 
tach Jlor ^lao Earca, of which there is a copy 



on vellum, preserved in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, H. 2. 16, p. 316. According 
to this story Muircheartach fell a victim to the 
revenge of a concubine named Sin (Sheen), for 
whom he had abandoned his lawful queen, bvit 
whom he afterwards consented to put away at 
the command of St. Cairneach. This concubine 
having lost her father, mother, sister, and others 
of her family, who were of the old tribe of Tara, 
by the hand of Muircheartach, in the battle of 
Cirb or Ath-Sighe, on the Boyne, threw herself 
in his way, and became his mistress for the ex- 
press purpose of wreaking her vengeance upon 
him with the greater facility. And the story 
states that she burned the house of Cletty over 
the head of the monarch, who, when scorched by 
the flames, plunged into a puncheon of wine, 
in which he was suffocated. Hence, it was said, 
that he was drowned and burned. 

■^ DangJiter of Sigh e. — See note ', under A. D. 
524, p. 171, ■'^I'prd. 



174 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [527. 

Car Gibltnne pia lTliii]icf]iracli mac 6a|ica, car ITloijlie hQilbe, carli 
Qlriinine, carb Cinneich,"] opccain na cCliach, each Cti&ne, po]i ConraccaiB, 
conab do na cafaib pin arbejir CeanDpaolab. 

Cacli Cinn eich, cac Qlmaine, 
ba liaiTTifip aipbepc airhpe, 
opccain Cliacli, each QiDne, 
aeup each TTlaighe hQilbe. 

Caipell, mac TTIuipeaDhaij mmnoeipcc, pi Ula6, Decc. 

OiliU, mac Ounlainj, pi Laijfn, do ecc. 

Goip Cpiopc, ciiice ceD piche apeachr. lap mbeich eficpe bliaona pichfc 
1 pighe nGpeann Do TTluipcfpcach, mac TTluipfDoij, mie Gojain, mie Neill 
Naoijiallai j, po loipeeeab e 1 ccij Clecij uap boinn, oiDce Shamna mp na 
BdcoD hi ppfn. Si'n acbepc an pann. 

Qp mepi Uaecen in jfn Do cfp aipeach Nell, 
Qp ^annabaij mo ainm, m gach aipm ap pen. 

CfnnpaolaD po paiDh : 

pillip an pi TTlac 6apca allfich Ua Neill, 

Pipe puil pfpna in gach moij, bpojaip epioca hi ceen. 

' Magh Ailbhc A plain in tlie south of the the Annals of Tighernach as follows : 

county of Kildare. " A. D. 533. 6udu^ muipceapciiij mic6pca 

•^ Abiihain. — Now the hill of Allen, about five acelcurhaFlna,ai6ceSaThna, a muUac Cleicij 

miles north of the town of Kildare. uap 6oino." 

' Ceann-ekh : i.e. Hill of the Horse, now "A.D. 533. The drowning of Muircheartach 

Kinneigh, in the county of Kildare, adjoining mac Erca in a puncheon of wine, on the night 

Wicklow. of Samhain; on the summit of Cletty, over the 

* Cliacks — These were in Idrone, in the pre- Boyne." 
sent county of Carlow. And thus in the Annals of Ulster: 

'• Aidhne. — A territory in the south-west of "A.D. 533. Dimersio Muircertaig //w Ercc 

the county of Galway, comprising tlie barony of in dolio plena vino, in arce Cletig, mjn-a Boin." 
Kiltartan — See Magh Aidhne. " A. L). 535. Ve/ /«'c badhadh Murchertaig mie 

' Burned in the house of Cleiteach The death Erca, secundum alios." 

of Muircheartach, who was the first monarch of In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated 

Ireland of the Cinel-Eoghain or race of Eoghan, by Mageoghegan, it is noticed as follows: 

son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, is entered in " A. D. 533. King Moriertagh having had 



I 



527] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 175 

The battle of Eibhlinnc by Muircheartach mac Earca ; the battle of Magh- 
Ailbhe''; the battle of Almhain'"; the battle of Ceanu-eich''; the plundering of 
the Cliachs^'; and the battle of Aidhne'' against the Connaughtinen ; of wliich 
battles Ceannfaeladh said : 

The battle of Ceann-eich, the battle of Almhain, — 

It was an illustrious famous period, 

The devastation of the Cliachs, the battle of Aidhne, 

And the battle of Magh-Ailbhe. 

Cairell, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Ulidia, died. 

Oilill, son of Dunlaing, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 527. After Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son 
of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, had been twenty-four years in tlie 
sovereignty of Ireland, he was burned in the house of Cleiteach', over the 
Boyne, on the night of Samhain [the first of November], after being drowned 
in wine. Sin composed this quatrain : 

I am Taetan, the woman who killed the chief of Niall ; 
Gannadhaigh-* is my name, in every place and road. 

Ceanfaeladh said : 

The king Mac Earca returns to the side of the Ui-Neill ; 

Blood reached the girdles'' in each plain ; the exterior territories were enriched ; 

prosperous success, as well before he came to St. Carneagli." 

the crown as after, against these that rebelled ' Gannadaigh. — In the Leabliar-GahJuda of 
against him, he was at last drowned in a kyve the O'Clerys, the reading is Gamadaigh. In the 
of wine, in one of his own manour houses called historical tale on the death of Muircheartach, 
Cleytagh, neer the river of Boyne, by a fairie the concubine who burned the house of Cletty 
woman that burned the house over the king's over his head is called by various names, as Sin, 
head, on HoUandtide. The king, thinking to Taetan, Gaeth, Garbh, Gemadaig, Ochsad, and 
save his life from burning, entered the kyve of lachtadh, all which have certain meanings which 
wine, and was so high that the wine could not the writer of the story turns to account in 
keep him for depth, for he was fifteen foot high ! making this lady give equivocal answers to the 
as it is laid down in a certain book of his life king. The naxaeSin, means storm; Taetan, fire; 
and death. This is the end of the King Mo- Gaet/i, wind; Garbh, rough; Gemadaifjh, wintr\'; 
riertagh, who was both killed, drowned, and Ocfcarf, a groan ; /artactt, lamentation. 
burned together, through his own folly, that '' Blood reached the girdles This is a hyper- 
trusted this woman, contrary to the advice of bolical mode of expressing great slaughter: " Ut 



176 awNata Rio^hachca eiReanN. [528. 

po peace pfpaip no caippri, acup bi6 cian bup curhan, 
Do bfpr jialla Ua Neill, la gmlla moige Tnuriian. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo pice a hocr. Ctn ceo blicibain Do Uiiaral TTlaol- 
gapb, mac Copbmaic Caoich, nnc Coipppe, mic Neill, i jiij^e nGpeann. 

Carli Cuaclipa inoipe ecip oa inbfp,pp'p a ]iaicfp carliQilbe ) mbpfghaib, 
pia cUuaral rDaolgapb, pop Ciannachcaibli TTliDe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ciiicc ceo cpiocha a liaon. Ctn cearparhab bliaoliain Do 
diaral. Cach Claonloclia hi cCenel Qo6a pia n^oibneann, caoipioc 
Ua piacpach CtiDne, aipm in po mapbab ITlaine, mac Cfpbaill, 05 copnamh 
jeiUpine Ua ITlaine Connacc. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD cpioclia a cfcaip. Qn pecichcmab bliabain Do 
Uuacal. S. TTlochca, eppucc Lujrhai^, Dcpcipul pacpaig, an naorhab let 
Decc Do mi Qgiipc po paoib a ppipac Do cum nuhe, af paip cuccao an cua- 
pupccbdil pi. 

piacail ITloclica ba maic bep, cpi' cTieD bliabain, buan an cfp, 
^c(n juc niompail pece puap gan mip nionmaip pace piop. 

hostes ad genua eorundem fuso cmore nata- 533, wliicli agrees ■witb tlie Annals of Ulster, 
rent." In the Leabhar-Gab/iala of the O'Clerys Animosus, in the fourth Life of St. Bridget, 
the reading is as follows: published by Colgan, c. 99, has the following 

notice of the accession of King Tuathal : 



■ piUif an pi, TTlac 6pca, lUeir Liu fleiU, 
piece puil pepna in cec nir, bpojhaip Cpichi 

Cein, 
po peace beipip noi ccaippchi, acup ba cian 

Blip cuiiian, 



" Anno xsx. post obitum S. Patricii, regnante 

in Themoria Eegum Hiberniffi Murchiarta mac 

Ere, cui successit in regno Tuathal Moelgarbh 

obiit S. Brigida." — 7rias Thaum., p. 562. 

.^ , ,1 .1 H^ ,, , '" Ailbhe, in Breagh. — This is the place now 

Oo bepac Tialla Ua neiU, lariaUa maixhe ,, , „, , ... , •,,,•^11, c 

. ,j ° ° called Cluan-Ailbhe situated in the barony 01 

Upper Duleek, and county of Meath. Luachair- 

" The king, Mac Erca, returns to the side of the mor iter da Iiibhe?- denotes "large rushy land 

Ui-Neill, between two streams or estuaries." The terri- 

Blood reached the girdles in each battle, an tory of Cianachta-Breagh comprised the baronies 

encrease to Crich-Cein ! of Upper and Lower Duleek. — See note under 

Seven times he brought nine chariots, and, Battle of Crinna, A. D..226, swjjra. 

long shall it be remembered, " Claenloch, in Cinel-Aedha. — The name Claen- 

Ile bore away the hostages of the Ui-Neill, loch is now obsolete. Cinel-Aedha, mxglice Kine- 

with the hostages of the plain of Munster." lea, was the name of O'Shaughnessy's country, 

' Tuathal Macli/urbh — O'Fliiherty places the lying around the town of Gort, in the barony 

accession of Tuthalius Calvoasper in the year of Kiltartan, and county of Galway. 



I 



528.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRKLAND. 177 

Seven times he brought nine chariots, and long shall it be remembered 
He bore away the hostages of the Ui-Neill, with the hostages of the plain of 
Munster. 

The Age of Christ, 528. The first year of Tuathal Maelgarbh', son of 
Cormac Caech, son of Cairbre, son of Niall, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The battle of Luachair-mor between the two Invers, which is called the 
battle of Ailbhe, in Breagh™, by Tuathal Maelgarbh, against the Cianachta of 
Meath. 

The Age of Christ, 531. The fourth year of Tuathal. The battle of 
Claenloch, in Cinel-Aedh", by Goibhneann°, chief of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, 
where Maine, son of Cearbhall, was killed, in defending the hostages of Ui-Maiue 
of Connaughf. 

The Age of Christ, 534. The seventh year of Tuathal. Saint Mochta, 
Bishop of Lughmhagh'', disciple of St. Patrick, resigned his spiiit to heaven on 
the nineteenth day of August. It was of him the following testimony was 
given : 

The teeth of Mochta' of good morals, for three hundred years, lasting the rigour ! 
Were without [emitting] an erring word out from them, Avithout [admitting] 
a morsel of obsonium inside them. 



° Goibhneann. — This Goiblineann was the great descended from Maine, son of Niall of the Nine 

grandfather of the celebrated Guaire Aidhne, Hostages. After the establishment of surnames 

King of Connaught, who died in the year 662. O'Kelly was chief of Ui-Maine, in Connaught, 

He was the son of Conall, son of Eoghan Aidhne, and O'Catharnaigh, now Fox, chief of Tir-Many, 

son of Eochaidh Breac, who was the third son or Teffia. 

of Dathi, the last Pagan monarch of Ireland. '^ Mochta, Bisho^i of Lughmhagh: i.e. "Mocttus, 

He is the ancestor of the Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, Bishop of Louth. — See note ', under A. D. 448; 

whose country was coextensive with the diocese and note ", under A. D. 1 176. 

of Kilmacduagh. — See Genealogies, Tribes, and ' The teeth of Mochta — These verses are also 

Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, pp. 373, 374, and the quoted, with some slight variations of reading, 

large genealogical table in the same work. in the gloss on the Feilire-Aengius, preserved in 

f Ui-Mainc, of Connaught. — The people of Hy- the Leahhar -Breac, after 15th April, and in 

Many, seated in the present counties of Galway O'Clery's Irish Calendar, at 19th August, which 

and Roscommon. These were an offset of the is one of the festivals of St. Mochta. They are 

Oirghialla or Clann-Colla, and are here called also given (excepting the last quatrain), with a 

" of Connaught," to distinguish them from the Latin translation, by Colgan, Acta Sanctorum, 

Ui-Maine of Tefiia, in Westmeath, who were 24 Mart., as follows : 

2 A 



178 QHHa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [535. 

Upi pichic yeanoiji py^almach, a cfjlach pi 056a pemeann, 
^an a]i, 5011 buain, gan cfopaD, jan gniompab, accniab leijionn. 
pea]i rpf picliir pfp cpf ceo, apcapuin ap pean an Deu, 
Ni' mo cin ojan po jail, ip airpiDe an pfinpiacail. 

Qoip C)nopc,ciiicc ceo cpioclia a cuig. Qn coclicmab bliabain DoCuaral. 
Gaclaip Ooipe Calgaij do pochujhab la Colonri Cille, lap nebbaipr an baile 
00 Dia t>e|ibp;ne pen .1. Cenel cConaill ^ulban mic Nell. 

Cojibmac, mac Oililla, ]n Laigfn, Decc. 

Oilill, eppcop Qpoa TTlacha, do ecc. Oo Uib bpfpal Doipibe beop. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU1CC ceD cpiocha a peachc. Qn DeachiriaD blia6ain do 
Uuaral. S. Lujliaib, eppucc Connepe, Decc. 

Cacli Sligiglie pia bpfpgup -\ pia nDorhnall, Da mac ITluipcfpcaij, mic 
Gapcca, pia nQinmipe, mac SeDna, -| pia nQmDiD, mac Ouach, pop Gojan 
bel, pi Connachc. l?o meabaiD an each pfmpa, do pocliaip Gojan 661, Dia 
nebpaD inDpo. 

pichrep each Ua piachpach, la pfipce paobaip, cap imbel, 
^epip buap namac ppi plfgha, ppecha in ear 1 CpinDep. 

" piacuil rrioccci, ha mair bep I cpi ceo blia- Sexaginta seuiores psalmicani, choristo ejus 

Dan (buan an cip) familia augusta et magnifica, 

5an 5I1UC niom|iuill peice f unp ! jan triip Qui nee arabant, nee metebant, nee tritura- 

nionriinip peice pip. bant, nee aliud faciebant, quam studiis in- 

Hipbo Doccu muinncepTTlocra! f-ujmaijlip: cumbere." — Acta Sanctorum, p. 734. 

Cpi ceo pajapc, um ceo neppoc! maiUe 

Colgan then soes on to shew that cpi ceo 
FPT' o o I 

-. . , ,.,..,.. bliaoan is an error for rpi pe ceo bliabnn, or 

Opi piciD peanoip palmac! a reojluc pio^- _ . , 

Fpi \i& ceo bliabain, i. e. for a period of one 
oa pemeno : r i i > i 

,r- V ■ ■ liinidred years ; and be quotes four lines from a 

QUr\ up, gan buain, jcin ciopao, jan jniom- •' ' 

. , , . ,, poem by Curaineus of Connoi', to shew that 

puD, uto man lejeno. ' •' 

IMochta lived only one hundred years in this 

"Dentes Moctei, qui fuit moribus integer, spa- state of austerity. 

tio trecentoruni annorum (quantus rigor 1) ' Doire-Chalr/ai(jh Now Derry or London- 
Nee verbum otiosum extra emisere, nee quid- derry. The name Doire-Chalgaigh is translated 

quam obsonii intra adniisere. Koboretum Calgachi by Adamnan, in his Life 

Non fuit angusta familia Moctei, Lugmagensis of Columba, lib. i. e. 20. Aecording to the 

Monasterii: Annals of Ulster this monastery was founded 

Trecenti prsEsbyteri, et centum Episcopi, erant in 545, which is evidently the true year. 

cum ipso "A. D. 545. Daire Coluini CiWtyfiiiulata est." 



I 



535.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 179 

Three-score psalm-singing seniors, his household of regal course, 

Without tilling, reaping, or threshing, without any work but reading. 

A man of three-score, a man of three hundred, blessed be God, how old the 

teeth ! 
Not more has the youth under valour ! IIoav lasting the ancient teeth ! 

The Age of Christ, 535. Tlie eighth year of Tuathal. The church of 
Doire-Calgaigh' was founded by Colum Cille, the place having been granted 
to him by his own tribe', i. e. the race of Conall Gulban, son of Niall. 

Cormac, son of Ailill, King of Leinster, died. 

Oilill, Bishop of Armagh", died. He was also of the Ui-Breasail. 

The Age of Christ, 537. The tenth year of Tuathal. St. Lughaidh, Bishop 
of Connor, died. 

The battle of Sligeach" by Fearghus and Donihnall, the two sons of Muir- 
cheartach mac Earca ; by Ainmire, son of Sedna ; and Ainnidh, son of Duach, 
against Eoghan Bel, King of Connaught. They routed the forces before them, 
and Eoghan Bel was slain, of which was said : 

The battle of the Ui-Fiachrach was fought with fury of edged weapons against 

Bel, 
The kine of the enemy roared with the javelins, the battle was spread out at 

Grinder". 

Colgan, who does not appear to have observed who died in 526. — See note under that year, 

this date in the Ulster Annals, has come to the and Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 37. 
conclusion that it could not have been erected " Sligeach: i.e. the Eiver Sligo, which rises 

before the year 540, as St. Columbkille was in Lough Gill, and washes the town of Sligo. 

born in the year 516 [recie 518] — See Trias " At Grinder This might be read "at 

Thauni., p. 502. Kinder," but neither form of the name is now 

' His own trihe. — St. Columbkille was the son extant. There is a very curious account of this 

of Feidhlim, son of Fearghus Ceannfada, who battle of Sligeach in the Life of St. Ceallach, 

was son of Conall Gulban, the ancestor of Kinel- Bishop of Kilmore-Moy, who was the son of 

Connell, the most distinguished families of Eoghan Bel, King of Connaught who was slain 

whom were the O'Canannans, O'Muldorrys, in this battle. It states that Eoghan lived three 

O'Donnells, O'Dohertys, O'Boyles, and O'Gal- days, or, according to other accounts, a week, 

laghers, who always regarded St. Columbkille after being mortally wounded in this battle, 

as their relative and patron. That when he felt his own strength giving way, 

" Oilill., Bisluq) of Armofjli He is otherwise and saw that death was inevitable, he advised 

called Ailill. He succeeded his relative Ailill L, his own people, the Ui-Fiachrach, to send for 

2 a2 



180 aHNata Rio^-nachca eiReawH. [538. 

Qp celc Slicech do muji mnp puile pfp lia peoil 
bepcair ilaij cap Gba, im cfnD neoghain beoil. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo cpioclia a lioclic. lap mbfic aon blmbain Decc 
hi pfglie nGpeann Do "Cvatal TTlaolgapb, mac Copbmaic Caoich, mic Coipppe, 
mic Nell, copchaip i n^peallaij eillce la TTlaolmop, mac QipjfDain, oiDe 
Diapmona mic Cfpbaill epiDe, -[ Do pochaip TTlaolmop inD po clieDop, Dia 
iiehpaoli, 

Gchc TTlaoile moip noD mall, nf jnfom coip po cino, 

TTlapbab Uuacoil cpein, aopochaip pein inn. 



Ills son Ceallach, who was at Clonmacnoise, 
under the tuition of St. Kieran, to be prepared 
for holy orders, and entreat of him to accept of 
the kingdom of Connauglit, as his second son, 
I\Iuireadhach, was not of fit age to succeed him. 
His people did so, and Ceallach, fired with am- 
bition at the news of his being the next heir to 
the kingdom of Connaught, forgot his promises 
to St. Kieran, and eloped from him, despite of 
all his remonstrances and threats. The result 
was that St. Kieran denounced and cursed liim 
solemnly, which finally wrought his destruction. 
According to this authority, Eoghan Bel or- 
dered his people to bury his body on the south 
side of Sligeach, in a standing position, with his 
red javelin in his hand, and with his face turned 
towards Ulster, as if fighting with his enemies. 
This was accordingly done, and the result is said 
to have been that, as long as the body Was left 
in that position, the Connaughtmen routed the 
Ulstermen, who fled, panic-stricken, whenever 
they came in collision with them. But the 
Ulstermen, learning the cause of such a talis- 
manic result, disinterred the body of Eoghan 
Bel, and, carrying it northwards over the River 
Sligeach, buried it, with the face under, at the 
cemetery of Aenach-Locha Gile, on the nortli 
side of the river, and thus restored their natural 
courage to the Ulstermen. — See note *, under 
the year 458, pp. 14t, 145, supra, where the 



body of the monarch Laeghaire is said to have 
been interred at Tara, accoutred in his battle 
dress, and with his face turned against his ene- 
mies, the Leinstermen, as if defying them to 

battle See also Genealogies, Tribes, ij-c, of Hy- 

Fiachrack, pp. 472, 473. 

'' Eahha Now Machaire-Eahha, a plain at 

the foot of the mountain of Binbulbin, to the 
north of the River Sligo, through which the 
Ulster army generally marched on their incur- 
sions into Connaught. 

' Greallach-eillte : i. e. the Miry Place of the 
Does. According to the Book of Lecan, this 
place is situated at the foot of Sliabh Gamh. 
In the Annals of Ulster the death of Tuathal 
Maelgarbh is entered under the year 543, as 
follows : 

" A. D. 543. Tuathal Maelgarb jugulattis est 
a nGreallach-Alta la Maelmorda, cui successit 
Diarmait mac Cearbhail, Jiex Hibernioey 

"A. D. 548. Vel hoc anno Tuathal Maelgarb 
interiit in Grellach Elte, Rex Temorie jugulattis 
j)er Maelmore, qui et ipse statim occisus est; tmde 
dicitur, the Grcate act of Maelmore." — Cod. Clar. 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, however, it is 
stated that he was killed at Greallaeh-Daphill 
[which is situated on the River LiiTe}', in the 
present county of Kildare], in the year 547, 
but the true year is 544, as appears from Tigh- 
ernach. '1 he Annals of Clonmacnoise give the 



538.] 



ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



181 



The Sligeach bore to the great sea the blood of men with tlieir flesh, 

They carried many trophies across Eabliu", together with the head of Eoghan Bel. 

The Age of Christ, 538. After Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of Cormac Caech, 
son of Cairbre, son of Niall, had been eleven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain, at Greallacheillte^, by Maelmor, son of Airgeadan, who was tlie 
tutor of Diarmaid mac Cearbhaill ; and Maelmor fell in revenge of it thereof 
immediately, of which was said : 

The fate of Maelmor was not slow; it was not a just deed he accomplished, 
The killing of the mighty Tuathal ; lie himself fell for it. 



following account of the manner in which this 
monarch came by his death : 

"A. D. 535. Twahal Moylegarve began his 
reign, and reigned eleven years. He was son of 
Cormack Keigh, who was son of Cai'brey, who 
was son of Neal of the Nine Hostages. He 
caused Dermot Mac Kervel to live in exile, and 
in desert places, because he claimed to have a 
right to the crown." 

" A. D. 547 [rccte 544]. King Twahal having 
proclaimed throughout the whole kingdom the 
banishment of Dermot Mac Kervel, with a great 
reward to him that would bring him his heart, 
the said Dermot, for fear of his life, lived in 
the deserts ofClonvicknose(then called Artibra) ; 
and meeting with the abbot St. Keyrau, in the 
place where the church of Clouvicknose now 
stands, who was but newly come hither to 
dwell from Tnis-Angin" [now Ini]^ CTingin, alias 
Hares' Island, in the Shannon], "and having no 
house or place to reside and dwell in, the said 
Dermot gave him his assistance to make a house 
there ; and in thrusting down in the earth one 
of the peers of the tymber or wattles of the 
house, Dermot took St. Keyran's hand, and did 
put it over his own hand in sign of reverence to 
the saint. Whereupon St. Keyran humbly be- 
sought God, of his great goodness, that by that 
time to-morrow ensuing that the hands of 
Dermot might have superiority over all Ireland, 



which fell out as the saint requested; for JMul- 
morrie O'llargedie, foster-brother of the said 
Dermot, seeing in what perplexity the noble- 
man was in, besought him that he would be 
pleased to lend him his black horse, and that he 
would make his repair to Greallie-da-Phill, 
where he heard King Twahal to have a meeting 
with some of his nobles, and there would pre- 
sent him a whealp's heart on a spear's head, in- 
stead of Dermot's heart, and by that means get 
access to the King, whom he would kill out of 
hand, and by the help and swiftness of his horse 
save his own life, whether they would or no. 
Dermot, lystening to the words of his foster- 
brother, was among" [between] " two extre- 
mities, loath to refuse him, and far more loath 
to lend it him, fearing he should miscarry, and 
be killed; but between both he granted him his 
request; whereupon he prepared himself, and 
went as he resolved, mounted on the black horse, 
a heart besprinkled with blood on his spear, to 
the place where he heard the King to be. The 
King and people, seeing him come in that man- 
ner, supposed that it was Dermot's heart that 
was to be presented by the man that rode in 
poste haste ; the whole multitude gave him way 
to the King; and when he came within reach 
to the King, as though to tender him the heart, 
he gave the King such a deadly blow of his 
spear that he (the King) instantly fell down 



182 



aNNQca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[539. 



Qoip C]iiopc, ciiicc ceD rpioclia a naoi. Qn ceiD bliabain Do Diapmcnrr, 
mac pfp^upa Ceiiijibeoil, i pije nGpeann. DicfnoaDh Qbacuc i naonach 
Uailcfn c]ie miopbailib De -| Ciapdin .1. luije neirij Do ]iaDpotTi po laim 
Cmjiain, co |io gab aillpe pop a itiumel (.1. ap pop a nniiinel po pui|iiTri Ciapan 
a larh) co copcaip a ceano De. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ci'iig ceo cfrpaclia a haon. Qn cpeap blia&ain Do Oiapmaic. 
S. Qilbe, aipDeppoc linlich lubaip, Decc coi Dapa la Decc Do Sepcembep. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD ceafpacha a rpf. Qn cuigeao blmbain do Oiap- 
mair. pidij ejparhail coircfnn ap pf6 na cpuinne, gup fspiop an cpmn bu 
aipitiiDnire Don cinfo Daonna. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD cfrpaclia, a cfraip. Qn peipeaD bliaDain Do 
Oia]iniaic. S. TTlobi Clapaineach .1. bfpchan 6 ^^'^T Na'Oen, pop bpu 
abann Cippe, Don Ifir 1 ccuaiD, Decc, an Dapa la Decc Do nii Occobep. 

Carh Cuile Conaipe 1 cCfpa pia bphfpjup -] pia nOorhnall Da mac 



dead iu the midst of bis people ; whereupon the 
man was upon all sides besett, and at last taken 
and killed; so as speedy news came to Dermot, 
who immediately went to Taragh, and there was 
crowned King, as St. Keyran" [had] " prayed 
and prophesied before." — See also Ussher's 
Primordia, pp. 947, 954, 957, 1064, 1065, 
1139. 

* I'he firki year of Diannaid. — The accession 
of Diarmaid is entered in the Clarendon copy of 
the translation of the Annals of Ulster, torn. 49, 
under the year 544, as follows : 

" A. D. 544. Moi-talitas pi-ima quw dicitur 
Blefed, in qua Mobi Claireineach obiit. Mors 
Comgail mac Domangairt,?rf a/HcZiC!;n^ Diannot, 
mac Fergussa, Ceirbeoil, mic Conaill Cremthain, 
mic Neill Naigiallaig, regnare incipit, secundum 
Librum Cuanach." 

It should bu here remarked that in Doctor 
O'Conor's edition of the Annals of Ulster the 
pedigree of Diarmaid is made that of Congal 
mac Domangairt, King of Scotland, by a mistake 
ofliis own, or of his original. This error, he ob- 
serves, is in the Clarendon and Bodleian copies; 



but this is not true, for the passage is correct, 
and as above printed, in the Clarendon manu- 
script, tom. 49. 

'' Abacuc. — This extraordinary story is also 
given in the Annals of Tighernach. It would 
appear from the Dublin copy of the Annals of 
Innisfallen, that he was brought to Clonmac- 
noise to be cured, and that he lived six years 
afterwards ! — See the Irish version of Nennius, 
where difierent versions of this story are given. 

" Imleach-Iubhair : i. e. the Holm or Strath of 
the Yew, now Emly, in the county of Tippe- 
rary. See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
pp. 489, 491. In the Annals of Ulster, and 
the Bodleian copy of the Annals of Inisfallen, 
the death of Ailbhe is entered under the year 
526, which seems the true year; but it is re- 
peated in the Annals of Ulster at 541. Ware 
quotes the Life of St. Declan, and the Life of 
St. Ailbhe, to shew that Emly was made the 
seat of the archbishopric of Munstcr, in the 
lifetime of St. Patrick, and that St. Ailbhe was 
constituted archbishop; and Ussher (^Primordia, 
p. 866) quotes an old Irish distich from Declan's 



539.] 



ANNALS OF TllK KINGDOM OF IRELANJ). 



183 



The Age of Christ, 539. The first year of Diarmaid^ son of Fcarghus 
Ceirrbheoil, in the sovereignty of Ireland. The decapitation of Abacuc'' at the 
fair of Tailltin, through the miracles of God and Ciaran ; that is, a false oath he 
took upon the hand of Ciaran, so that a gangrene took him in his neck (i. e. 
St. Ciaran put his hand upon his neck), so that it cut oil' his head. 

The Age of Christ, 541. The third year of Diarmaid. St. Ailbhe, Arch- 
bishop of Imleach-Iubhau■^ died on the twelfth day of September. 

The Age of Christ, 543. The fifth year of Diarmaid. There was an ex- 
traordinary universal plague" through the world, which swept away the noblest 
third part of the human race. 

The Age of Christ, 544. The sixth year of Diarmaid. St. Mobhi Cla- 
raineach^, i. e. Berchan of Glais-Naidhen*^, on the brink of the LifTcy, on the 
north side, died on the second day of the month of October. 

The battle of Cuil-Conaire, in Ceara^, [was fought] by Fearghus and Dondi- 



Life, to shew that St. Ailbhe was called the 
" Patrick" of Munster. It is said that St. 
Ailbhe was converted to Christianity so early 
as the year 360 (Ussher, Index Chron. ad an. 
360); but this is incredible, if he lived either 
till 526 or 541. Tirechan says that he was 
ordained a priest by St. Patrick, and this is evi- 
dently the truth. His festival was celebrated at 
Emly on the 12th of September. 

^ Universal plague. — This plague, which was 
called by the Irish Blefed, is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the j'ear 544, and in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 546. In 
most chronological tables it is noticed under 
the year 543, as having passed from Africa into 
Europe. It is thus entei-ed in Tighernaoh's 
Annals : 

" Kal. Jan. fer. 1, anno po,stqtiam Papa Vigi- 
lius ohiit, Mortalitas marina que Blefed dicitur, in 
qua Mobi Clarinach, mii nonien est Berchan, 
obiit." 

^ St. Mohhi Claraineach : i. e. Mobhi of the 

flat Face (tabulata facie) See O'Donnell's Vita 

Cohimba, lib. i. c. 43; Trias Thaum., 396. 



f Glais-Naidhen Now Glasnevin, near Dub- 
lin. Dr. Lanigan asserts, in his Ecclesiastical 
History of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 78, that Glais- 
Naidhen must have been on the south side of 
the River Liifey, because it was in the territory 
of Galenga3 ; but this generally acute and honest 
writer was imposed on in this instance by the 
fabrications of Beauford and Rawson. The Four 
Masters should have described it as " near the 
LifTey to the north," or " pop bpu pioiinjlaipe 
Fpi f-ipe a ocuoiD, on the brink of the Finglass, 
to the north of the LifTey," and not " on the 
margin of the LiflFey." — See Colgan's Trias 
Tliaum., p. 613, where Glais-Naoidhen is de- 
scribed as "in regione Galengje, et juxta Lif- 
feum fluvium in Lagenia." 

Mageoghegan states, in his Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, that he " is supposed to be" [the same 
as the prophet] " called in English Merlin." 

s Cuil-Conaire, in Ceara There is no place 

now bearing this name in the barony of Ceara, 
or Carra, in the county of Mayo. This battle 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster under the 
year 549, as follows : 



184 



awNata Rioghachca eiReawN. 



[545. 



Tnui]icf|iraicli mic Gajicca, pop Qibll Inbanoa, ]ii' Conoachr, "] pop Ctooh 
pPo|icamail, 1 copchaiii Qilill -| Qooh ann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuigceD cfrpacha a cuij. Qn peaccrhao bliabain do Oicqi- 
Tiiair. S. QilBe Sfnchuae Ua nOiliolla oecc. 

Qoip Ciiiopc, CU15 ceo cfrpacha ayt. Qn coclicrtiab bliabain do Oiap- 
niaicr. Cach Cuilne in po mapbab pocame Do CIiopc Oice cpia epnaibe 
n-loe Cluana cpeabail. pochab mac Conaill oecc. Caipppe, mac Copp- 
maic, pi Laijfn, do ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD cfrpaclia a peaclic. Qn naorhab bliabain 00 
Oiapmaic. l?i Ulaoh, Gochaib, mac Conolaib, mic Caolbaib, mic Cpuinn 
babpai, oecc. 

Uoipeac Uearhba, Cpiomrann, mac bpiuin, oecc. 

S. Oubfach, abb QpDa TTlaca, Do ecc. Oo pi'ol Colla Uaip Dopibe. 

Qoi]' Cpiopc, CU15 ceo cfrpacha a hochc. Q Deich Do Diapmairr. 
S. Ciapan mac an cpaoip, ab Cluana mic N6i)>, Dccc an nctomao Id do Sep- 
cembep. Cpi bliabna cpiocha poc a paojail. 



" A. D. 549. Bellum Cuile Conaire i gCera, 
vhi cecidit Ailill Inbanna, ri Connacht acus Aed 
Fortobal, a brathair. Fergus et Domnall, da 
Jiiac Muircheartaig mic Earca, victores crant. 

" A. D. 549. The battle of Cuil-Conaire in 
Ceara" [was fought] "where fell Ailill Inbanna, 
King of Connauglit, and his brother, Aedh the 
Brave. Fearghus and Domhnall, the two sons 
of Muircheartach mac Earca, were the victors." 
— See Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy- 
Fiachrach, p. 313. 

'^ Seanchua-Ua-nOilioUa. — Now Shancoe, a 
parish in the barony of Tir-Oiliolla, or Tirerrill, 
in the county of Sligo. This church is men- 
tioned in the Annotations of Tirechan, in the 
Book of Armagh, fol. 15, a, a ; and in the Tri- 
partite Life of St. Patrick, part ii. c. 35 ; Trias 
Thaum., p. 134. 

' Cuilne. — Not identified. This passage is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 551, 
thus : 

" A. D. 551. Bellum Cuilne, in quo cecidenmt 



Corcu Oche Muman, oralionihus Itw Cluana." 

^ Corcoiche These were a sept of the Ui- 

Fidhgeinte, seated in the present county of 
Limerick, in the barony of Lower Connello, of 
whom, after the establishment of surnames, 
O'lMacassy was the chieftain. The celebrated 
St. Molua, of Cluain-feartaMolua, in the Queen's 
County, was of this sept, but St. Ida was their 

patron See O'Flaherty's Ogi/gia, iii. c. 81. 

' Cluain-Creadhail Now Killeedy, an ancient 

church in a parish of the same name, in the 
barony of Upper Connello and county of Lime- 
rick, and about live miles to the south of New- 
castle. This monastery is described in the Life 
of St. Ita, as well as in that of St. Brendan, as 
situated at the foot of Sliabh-Luachra, in the 
west of the territory of Ui-Conaill-Gabhra; and 
the writer of the Life of St. Brendan states that 

it was Kill-Itc in his own time See Life of 

St. Ita apiid Colgan, I5th Jan. 

"'FotIi(idIi,Kon ofConall Some of these events 

are misplaced in the Annals of the Four Masters, 



545.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



185 



nail, two sons of Muircheartach mac Earca, against Ailill Inbhanda, King of 
Connaught, and Aedh Fortamhail ; and Ailill and Aedh were slain. 

The Age of Christ, 545. The seventh year of Diarmaid. St. Ailbhe, of 
Seanchu-Ua-nOilioUa", died. 

The Age of Christ, 546. Tiie battle of Cuilne', in which many of the 
Corcoiche" were slain through the prayers of [St.] Ida, of Cluain-Creadhail. 
Fothadh, son of Conall", died. Cairbre, son of Cormac, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 547. The ninth year of Diarmaid. The King of Ulidia, 
Eochaidh, son of Conula", son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died. 

Tlie chief of Teathbha, Crimhthann, son of Brian", died. 

St. Dubhthach", Abbot of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. lie was of the race 
of Colla Uais. 

The Age of Christ, 548. The tenth year of Diarmaid. St. Ciaran', son of 
the artificer. Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois'', died on the ninth day of September. 
Thirty-three years was the length of his life. 



as will appear from the Annals of Ulster and 
Clonmacnoise : 

"A. D. 551. Mors Fothaid, filii Conaill."— 
Ann. Tilt 

" A. D. 550. Fohagh mac Conell died." — An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise. 

" Eochaidh, son ofConnla " A. D. 552. Moj-s 

Eachach mic Conleid, ri Ulad a quo omnes I- 
Eachach-Ulad."— .4«n. Ult., Clarendon, torn. 49. 

"A. D. 550. Ahagh mac Conlay, King of Ul- 
ster, of whom Ivehagh is called." — A7in. Clon. 

" Crimhthann, son nf Brian. — " A. D. 552. Mors 
Crimthain mic Briuin. Sic in Libra Cuanach 
inveni." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 550. Criowhan mac Briwyn, King of 
Teaffa, died." 

This Crimhthann (CrifFan) was the brother of 
Brendan, chief of TefEa, who granted the site 
of Dearmhagh, now Durrow, to St. Columbkille. 
He was son of Brian, son of Maine (the ancestor 
of the Ui-Maine of Meath, otherwise called the 
men of Teffia), who was son of the monarch 
Niall of the Nine Hostages. 

2 



^ Diibhihach In the Annals of Ulster he is 

called Duach : 

" A. D. 547. Duach, ahbas Arda Macha, do 
siol Colla Uais, quievit." 

But he is called Dubhthach in the list of the 
archbishops of Armagh preserved in the Psalter 
of Cashel, and this is the true form of the name. 
— See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 38 ; 
also at the year 513. 

•I St. Ciaran "A. D. 548. Dormitaiio Ciarain 

mic an tsaoir anno xxxiv etatis sue." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 547. King Dermot was not above 
seven months king, when St. Keyran died in 
Clonvicknose, when he dwelt therein but seven 
months before, in the thirty-third year of his 
age, the 9th of September. His father's name 
was Beoy, a Connaughtman, and a carpenter. 
His mother, Darerca, of the issue of Corck mac 
Fergus Mac Roye, of the Clanna-Rowries, &c., 
itc. His body was buried in the little church 
of Clonvicknose." — A nn. Clon. 

' Cluain-mic-Nois. — Now Clonmacnoise, other- 
wise called the " seven churches," situated on 

B 



186 



awNaca Rioshachca eiReawN. 



[.548. 



S. djfpnach, eaypocCluana heoaip, do Dol Decc an cfcpaifiab DQppil. 

S. TTlac Uail Cille Cuilinn (.1. Gojjan mac Co|icjiain) oecc, an caonmoD 
la oecc DO mi lun. S. Colum mac Cinomrbainn Decc. 

S. Sinceall pfn, mac Cfnanodin, abb Cille achaiD 0]ionia poDa, do 60I 
oecc an peipeaO Id pichfc do TTldpca, cpiocha ap cpi ceo bliaoain poo a 
paojail. 

S. Oohpdn, o Leirpiochaib Oopdin, oecc an oapa Id Do mi Occobep, 

S. pinDen, abbCluana hGpaipn, oioe naorh Gpeann, oecc, 12 Oecembep. 
S. Colaim Innpi Cealcpa oecc. Don mopclaO Dap bo liamm an Clipon 



tlie east side of the Shannon, in tlie barony of 
Garrycastle, and King's County. This was 
founded by St. Ciaran in tlie year 547, accord- 
ing to the Annals of Ulster. 

. ' Cluain-eois Now Clones, in the barony of 

Dartry, and county of Monaghan. The Annals 
of Ulster agree in placing his death in this year. 

' Cill-Cuilinn Now old Kilcullen, in the 

county of Kildare. The Annals of Ulster agree 
with this date, but the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
place the death of Mac Tail in the year 550. 

" Colum, son of Crhnhthanii. — According to 
the Feilire-Aenguis and the Calendar and Ge- 
nealogies of the Irish Saints, compiled by Mi- 
chael O'Clery, he was abbot of Tir-da-ghlais 
(now Terryglass, near the Shannon, in the ba- 
rony of Lower Ormond, and county of Tippe- 
rary), where his festival was celebrated on the 
l.'^th of December. O'Clery remarks that, al- 
though he was called Mac Crimhthann, he was 
really the son of Ninnidh, who was the fifth in 
descent from Crindithann. He should, there- 
fore, be called Colam Ua-Crimhthainn, and in 
the Annals of Ulster he is called " Colum nqios 
Crumthainn." Thus : 

" A. D. 548. MoHcditas magna in qua istipau- 
sant Colum ncpos Crumthainn, et Mac Tail Cille 
Cuilinn," &c. 

' Cill-achaidh Droma-foda. — Now Killeigh, in 
thebarony of Geshill, King's County. — See notes 



under A. D. 1393 and 1447- St. Sincheall, the 
elder, was the son of Cennfhionnan, who was 
the ninth in descent from Cathaeir Mor, mo- 
narch of Ireland. His festival was celebrated 
at Killeigh, on the 26th of March. St. Sin- 
cheall, junior, was his relative, and his festival 
was celebrated on the 25th of June. — See Col- 
gan's Acta Sanctorum, pp. 747, 748. 

" Thirty and three hundred years Colgan 

thinks that this number should be 130. His 
words are as follows: 

" Ita Quatuor Mag. in Annalibus ad eundem 
annum dicentes : ' aS^. SencIieUus senior, Jilius Cen- 
nannani, Abbas de Kill-achuidh-Drumfhoda, ohiit 
26 Maitii vixit annis 330.' Et idem quoad an- 
nos vitje ejus tradit Maguir ad 26 Martii, et 
Scholiastcs Festilogii jEngussianni, ex cujus 
depravato (ut reor) textu hie error videtur 
originem duxisse. In eo enim legitur, triched 
bliadhan 4' tridhich, .i. trecenti anni, et triginta, 
ubi legendum potius videtur re clil-d hliadhan 4" 
tridheich .i. sjiatio centum annorum, it triginta. 
Nam qui anno 548 obiit, si tricentis triginta 
annis vixisset, debuit natus fuisse anno 219, 
quod plane est incredibilc ; cum nullus author 
indicet ipsum iloruissc ante tempora S. Patricii, 
qtii anno 432 in Hiberniam venit." — Acta Sanc- 
torum, p. 748, not. 10. 

' Leitrioch-Odhrain Now Latteragh, in the 

barony of Upper Ormond, and county of Tippe- 



548.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



187 



St. Tighearnach, Bishop of Cluain-eois', died on tlie 4tli of April. 

St. Mac Tail of Cill-Cuilinn' (i. e. Eoghan, son of Corcran), died on the 
eleventh day of the month of June. St. Colum, son of Crimlithann", died. 

St. Sincheall the elder, son of Ceanannan, Abbot of Cill-achaidh Droma- 
foda", died on the twenty-sixth day of March. Thirty and three hundred years'' 
was the length of his life. 

St. Odhran, of Leitrioch-Odhrain', died on the second day of the month of 
October. 

St. Finnen, Abbot of Cluain-Eraird^, tutor of the saints of Ireland, died. 
St. Colam, of Inis-Cealtra^ died. Of the mortality which was called the Cron- 



rary See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum., p. 191. 

His festival is set down iu O'Clery's Irish Ca- 
lendar at 2nd October, and again at 26111 Oc- 
tober. His church of Letracha is referred to, 
in the Feilire-Aenguis, at 27th October, as in 
the territory of Muscraighe-Thire. 

' Cluain-Eraird : i. e. Erard's Lawn or Mea- 
dow. Erard or Irard was a man's proper name, 
very common amongst the ancient Irish, signi- 
fying lofty or noble : 

" Erard idem quod nohiJls altus vel exmiius. 
Erat autem hoc nomen inter Hibernos olim non 
infrequens, ut patet ex illo a quo Cluain Eraird 
nomen accepit." — Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
p. 28, not. 4. 

Colgan has published all that is known of 
this tutor of the Irish saints in his Acta Sancto- 
rum, at 23rd February, where he shews that he 
lived till the year 563. His festival is set down 
at 12th of December in the Feilire-Aenguis, in 
which he is called Finnia; and in O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar, in which the following notice of him 
is given : 

" St. Finnen, abbot of Clonard, son of Finn- 
logh, son of Fintan, of the Clanna-Eudhraighe. 
Sir James Ware calls him Finian or Finan, son 
of Fintan (placing the grandfather in place of 
the father). He was a philosopher and an emi- 
nent divine, who first founded the College of 

2 



Clonard, in Meath, near the Boyne, where there 
were one hundred Bishops, and where, with 
great care and labour, he instructed many cele- 
brated saints, among whom were the two Kie- 
rans, the two Brendans, the two Columbs, viz., 
Columbkille and Columb Mac Crimhthainn, 
Lasserian, son of Nadfraech, Canice, Mobheus, 
Eodanus, and many others not here enumerated. 
His school was, in quality, a holy city, full of 
wisdom and virtue, according to the writer of 
his life, and he himself obtained the name of 
Finnen the Wise. He died on the 1 2th of De- 
cember, in the year of our Lord 552, or, ac- 
cording to others, 563, and was buried in his 
own church at Clonard." 

"■ Inis-Cealtra An island in the north-west 

of Loch Deirgdheirc, now Lough Derg, near 
the village of Scariff, in the county of Clare. It 
formerly belonged to Kinel-Donnghaile, the ter- 
ritory of the O'Gradys, in Thomond, or the 
county of Clare, but is now considered a part 
of the county of Galway. 

" Colum of Inis-Cealtra" is also mentioned in 
the Annals of Ulster as dying of the Mortalitas 
magna in 548, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, at 550, as dying of the great pestilence 
called " The Boye Conneall;" but the Editor has 
not been able to discover any further account 
of him. 

b2 



188 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[550. 



ClionaiU,-] ha hipiDe an cheo bume Clionaill, acbacj^ac na naoirii pin, ace 
Ciapan -j Ui^fjinacli. 

bay Garacli, mic Connlo, 1115 Ulab, a quo Ui' Garac Ulab. — 'Cijfpnac. 

Qoip C|no['r, CU15 ceo caocca. Q Do oecc do Oiajimaicr. OaiiiD mac 
^uaipe Ui'po]ianndin, eppcop CtjiDO TTlacha, -] Lesaicr na hGpeann mle, Do 
ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cinj ceD caocca a haon. Q cpi Decc Do Oiapniaicc. 
S. Neapan bobap Decc. peapgna, mac Qonjupa, pi UlaD, Do mapbab In 
ccacli Dpoma cleire la Oeman, mac Caipill, 1 la hUib 6achac1i nCtpoa. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceD caocca a Do. Q cfrap Decc do Diapmaicc. 
Gaccluip bfnncoip do porbujab la Corhgall bfnocaip. peip Cfmpa do 
bfnam la pij Gpeann, Oiapmaicc, mac pfpjupa Ceppbeoil. TTlapbaD Col- 
main ITloip, mic Oiapmaca, ina cappar la Dubploic hUa Upfna do Cbpuic- 
neacoib. 

^' Cron-Chonaill. — This is translated Flava 7%a!«H., p. 293; and Harris Ware's Bishops, p. 38. 

Icte?-icia, the yellow jaundice, by Colgan Acta ' NeoMin, the leper. — This is Nessan, the patron 

Sanctorum, p. 831, col. 2 : " Mortalitate Cron- saint of Mungret, near Limerick, whose festival 

chonnuill (id est flava iotericia) appellata, hi was celebrated on the 25th of July. — See Ftta 

omnes sancti, pra'ter S. Kieranum et S. Tiger- Tripartita, S. Patricii, part iii. c. 62 ; Trias 

nachum extiucti sunt." Thaum-, p 157, 185. The death of Nesan, the 

' Ulidia. — The Editor shall henceforward use Leper, is given, in tlie Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

Ulidia for Uladh, when it denotes the portion of under the year 561. 

the province of Uladh, or Ulster, lying east of ^ Druim-Ckithe. — This was probably the name 

the River Baim, and Gleann-Righe, to distin- of the place on which the church of Cill-cleithe, 

guish it from the whole province. or Kilclief, in the barony of Lecale, and county 

'' Ui-Eathach- Uladh: i.e. nepotes Eochodii of Down, was afterwards built. This entry is 

Ulidiffi. These were the inhabitants of the ba- given in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under the 

ronies of Iveagh, in the county of Down See year 561. 

Ecclesiastical Anti(ptitics of Doirn and Connor and ^ Ui-Eathach- Arda: i. e. nepotes Eochodii of 



Z)romore, by the Rev. Wm. Reeves, M.B., j)p. 348 
to 352. 

'■ Guaire In the old translation of the xVn- 

nals of Ulster, this passage is given as follows: 

" A. D. 550. Quies Davidis filii Guaire I-Fo- 
rannain Episcopi Ardniuche et Lecjati totius Hi- 
berni(v." 



Ardes, in the county of Down. 

' Benncliair Now Bangor, in the north of 

the barony of Ards, in the county of Down. 
The erection of this church is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the years 554and 558 : 
" Ecclesia Bennchnir fnndata est." Ussher ap- 
jnoves of the latter date in liis Chronological 



But Dr. O'Conor says that " Ler/ati totius Hi- Inde.x; and the Annals of Clonmacnoise men- 
bcrniw" is not to be found in any of the Irish tion the erection of the Abbey of Beanchoir 
copies of the Ulster Annals. — See Colgan's Trias under the year 561. 



550.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



189 



ChonailP, — and that was the first Buidhe-Chonaill, — these saints died, except 
Ciarau and Tighearnach. 

The death of Eochaidh, son of Connie, King of Ulidia", from whom are the 
Ui-Eathach-Uladh". — ThjJiernacli. 

The Age of Christ, 550. The twelfth year of Diarmaid. David, son of 
Guaire* Ua Forannain, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh] and Legate of all Ire- 
land, died. 

The Age of Christ, 551. The thirteenth year of Diarmaid. St. Neasan, the 
lepe/, died. Feargna, son of Aenghus, King of Ulidia, was slain in the battle 
of Druim-cleithe^, by Deman, son of Caireall, and by the Ui-Eathach-Arda". 

The Age of Christ, 552. The church of Bennchar' was founded by Comh- 
gall of Beannchar. The feast of TearahairJ was made by the King of Ireland, 
Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Ceirbheoil. The killing of Colman Mor", son of 
Diai'maid, in his chariot, by Dubhshlat Ua Treana, [one] of the Cruithni'. 



Under this year (552) the Annals of Ulster 
contain a curious notice of the discovery of St. 
Patrick's relics by St. Columbkille. It is given 
as follows in the old English translation : 

" A. D. 552. The reliques of St. Patrick 
brought by Columbkille to" [a] " shrine 60 
yeares after his death. Three precious swearing 
reliques" [cpi minna uciiple] "were found in 
the tonibe, viz., the relique Coach, the Angell's 
Gospell, and the bell called Clog uidhechta. 
The angell thus shewed to Columbkille how to 
divide these, viz., the Coach to Down, the bell 
to Armagh, and the Gospell to Columbkille 
himself; and it is called the Gospell of the 
Angell, because Columbkille received it at the 
Angell's hand." 

' The feast of Teamhair " A. D. 567. Cena 

Temra la Diarmait mac Cearbhail." — Ann. Ult. 
edit. O'Conor. 

" A. D. 567. The Feast of Tarach by Derniott 
mac Cerbail." — Cod. Claren., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 569. Feis Terahra la Diarmait." — 
O'Conor's Edit. 

*• Colman Mui: — He was the second son of 



King Diarmaid, and the ancestor of the Clann- 
Colmain of Meath. His death is entered twice 
in the Annals of Ulster, first under the year 
554, and again under 557: 

" A. D. 554. Colman Mor mac Diarmata Derg, 
mic Fergusa Cerbeoil, mic Conaill Cremthaine, 
mic Neill Naigiallaig, qvem Dubsloit jugulavii." 

" A. D. 557. Jugulatio Colmain Mor, mic 
Diarmata, quern V)\xhilo\t jiigulavit.'''' 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise his death is 
entered under the year 561 : 

"A. D. 561. Colman More, sone of King 
Dermott, was killed in his Coache" [in curru 
suo.—Tighernach'], " by DufFslat O'Treana." 

' Cruithni : i. e. the inhabitants of Dal- 
Araidhe, who were called Cruithni, i. e. Picts, 
as being descended from Loncada, the daughter 
of Eochaidh Eichbheoil of the Cruithni, or Picts 
of North Britain. — See Adamnan's Vita Columbce, 
lib. i. c. .36; O'Flaherty's Ogi/gia, iii. c. 18; 
Lib. Lee. fol. 194, a ; Qinm ele Oo t)al Qpaibe 

.1. Cpuirne. Duald Mac Firbis See also 

Keeves's Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and 
Connor, ^c, p. 337. 



190 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[553. 



Qoip Ciiiopc, CU15 ceo caocca a rpi. Q CU15 Decc do Diapmaiuc. Qccfp 
bpeanainn bio]iiia ng nol i poch ipin aiep an blmbam pi. Cluain pfpca Do 
pocliujab la naorh bpenainn. 

Qoip C]iiopc, cui^ ceo caoja a cfraip. Qn peipeab bliafSain necc Do 
Diajiiinaicr. S. Cachub, mac pfpgupa, abb QchaiD cinn, Decc 6. Ctppil. 
Caocca ap ceo bliaoain poo a pao^ail. 

Peip DeDeanach Ueampa do nfriarh la Oiapmairc, pijh Gpeann, 

Cupnan, mac Qooha, mic Gacliach Uiopmcapna, .1. mac pij Connaclic Do 
Kdpusliab la Diapmairr, mac Cfpbaill, cap planaib -\ corhaipje Coluim Cille, 



"' Brenainn ofBirra: i. e. St. Brendan of Birr, 
now Parsonstown. The ascension of St. Bren- 
dan is entered under tlie year 562, in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" A. D. 062. The ascension of St. Brandon of 
Birr to the skies, in his chariot or coache." 

" Cluain-fcarta : i. e. the Lawn, Meadow, or 
BofT-Island of the Grave, now Clonfert, in the 
barony oi' Longford, and county of Longford. 
The Annals of Ulster record the erection of the 
church of Cluaiuferta, under the years 557 and 
564 ; the Annals of Clonmacnoise, tinder the 
year 562, as follows : 

" A. D. 557 vel 564. Brendinus Ecclesiam in 
Cluainferta/»;(ffa«!i." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 562. St. Brandon, Abbot, founded 
the church of Clonfert." — Ann. Clon. 

These saints should not be confounded. Bren- 
din of Birr was the son of Neman, of the race of 
Corb olum, son of Fergus, and his festival was 

celebrated on the 29th of November . See 

Adamnan's Vita Coliiinbir, lib. iii. c. 3. St. 
Brendan, first Bishop of Clonfert, was the son 
of Finnlogha, of the race of Ciar, son of Fergus, 
and his festival was celebrated on the 16th of 
May. These two saints were contemporaries 
and companions. It is said that Brendan of 
Clonfert sailed for seven years in the western 
ocean, "de cujus septennali navigatione jn-odi- 
giosa; feruntur fabula;." — Ussher, I'riniord., 
p. 955. In O'Clcry's Irish Calendar is given a 



curious little fable of him, from which, if it be 
not pure fiction, it might be inferred that he 
had a most exquisite ear for music. Fourteen 
years before his death, according to this fable, 
he was visited, one day after mass and sermon, 
by St. Michael the Archangel, who continued 
to sing heavenly music for him for twenty-four 
hours: after which Brendan could never enjoy, 
and never condescended to listen to any earthly 
music, except one Easter Sunday, when he per- 
mitted a student of his people to play for him 
on his harp. He endured him with difficulty ; 
but, giving him his blessing, he procured two 
balls of wax, which he put into his ears when- 
ever he came within hearing of earthly music, 
and in this manner he shut out all human me- 
lody, (which to him was discord) for nearly 
fourteen years, and admitted the harmonies of 
the angels only. 

Under this year (553) the Annals of Ulster, 
Tighernach, and Clonmacnoise, record the ex- 
istence of a plague called Samhtrusc, which is 
translated " Lejva." 

" A. D. 553. I'estis que vocata est inSamthrosc, 
i.e. Lepra.'''' — Ann. Ult. edit. W Conor. 

" A. D. 553. Pcstis que vocata est Samthrusc 
.i. the Leprosy." — Cod. Claren., tom. 49 

" A. D. 551. This year there grew a sickness 
called a Sawthrusc." — Ann. Clon. 

" Achadli-cinn — Colgan thinks that this may 
be Achadh-na-cille, in Dalriada {Trias Thaum., 



553.] 



ANNALS OF TlIK KINGDOM OF IRP:LAND. 



191 



The Age of Christ, 553. The fifteenth year of Diarinaid. Brenainn of 
Birra™ was seen ascending in a chariot into the sky this year. Cluain-fearta" 
was founded by St. Brenainn. 

The Age of Christ, 554. Tlie sixteenth year of Diarmaid. St. Cathub, 
son of Fearghus, Abbot of Achadh-cinn°, died on the 6th of April. One hun- 
dred and fifty years was the length of his life. 

The last feast of Teamhair'' was made by Diarmaid, King of Ireland. 

Curnan", son of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, i. e. the son of the King 
of Connaught, was put to death by Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, in violation of 



p. 182), now Auglinakilly, a part of the town- 
land of Craigs, in the barony of Kiloonway, and 
county of Antrim, and on the road from Aho- 
ghill to Easharkin. See Reeves's Ecclesiastical 
Antiquities of Down and Connor, (Jr., p. 89, note 
°, and p. .'522. In the Irish Calendar of O'Clery 
the festival of St. Catliub, son of Fearghus, bi- 
shop of Achadh-cinn, is set down at 6th April. 
In the Annals of Ulster, ad ami. 554, he is 
called " Cathal mac Fergusa Episcojms Achid- 
cinn." 

'' IVie last feast of Teamhair Tighernach 

states that three years after the killing of Colman 
Mor, son of Diarmaid, A. D. 560, the " Cena 
postrema" of Temhair was celebrated by Diar- 
maid mac Cearbaill. 

The feast of Teamhair, by Diarmaid, and the 
death of Gabhran, son of Domhangart, is entered 
twice in the Annals of Ulster, first under the 
year 567, and again under the year 569. 

The royal palace of Teamhair or Tara was 
soon after deserted in consequence of its having 
been cursed by St. Eodanus, of Lothra or Lorha, 
in Lower Ormoud, county Tipperary, as stated 
at some length in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
translated by Mageoghegan ; also in an Irish 
manuscript in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 1. 15; and in the Life of St. Roda- 
nus, preserved in the Codex Kilkennicnsis, in 
Marsh's Library, Class V. .3, Tab. 1, No. 4, F. ; 
and in the Life of this saint published by the 



Bollandists, at XXV. April See Petrie's His- 
tory and Antiquities of Tara Hill, pp. 101-103. 
This malediction of Rodanus, with the conse- 
quent desertion of the place as a royal residence, 
is referred to by the ancient scholiast on Fiach's 
Hymn in the Life of St. Patrick, preserved in 
the Liber Hijmaorum ; and an ancient Icelandic 
work called the Konungs-Skiiijijsio, or Royal 
Mirror, states that it had -been abandoned and 
utterl}' destroyed, in revenge of an unjust 
judgment pronounced by a king who had once 
ruled over it. — See Johnstone's Antiq. C'elto- 
Scand., p. 287, et seqq. 

After this desertion of Tara, each monarch 
chose for himself a residence most convenient 
or agreeable, which was usually within their 
own hereditary principalities. Thus the kings 
of the northern Ui-Neill resided chiefly at their 
ancient fortress of Aileach. in the barony of 
Inishowen, near Derry ; and those of the south- 
ern Ui-Neill, first at Dun-Turgeis, near Castle- 
pollard, in Westmeath, and afterwards at Dun- 
na-S(jiath, at the north-western margin of Loch- 
Ainnin or Lough Ennell, near Mullingar. 

'I Curnan. — This is entered in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise at the year 562. " Cornan mac 
Eidiagh Tyrmcarna was killed by King Der- 
mot." — See O'Donnell's Vita Columbce, lib. ii. 
c. 2, in Trias Thaum., p. 400, for some curious 
particulars about Curnan's death and the battle 
of Cul-Dreimhne. 



192 



awHaca Rio^haclica eiReawN. 



[555. 



lap na rappain5 50 hainoeonach ay a Idnioib, coriao e pochann cacha Cula 
Opeirhne. 

Qoi)^ Cjiiopc, C1115 ceo caogacr a C1115. Qn feaccrhab Decc do Diapmaic. 
Cacb Cula Dpf.rhne do bpipfo pop Oiapniairr, mac CfpV)aill, la peap^up -j 
la Domnall, od mac rinuipcfiicai;^, mic Gapcca, la hQirimipe, mac Sfona, -| 
la nQmoioh, mac Duach,-] la I1Q06, mac Gachac Uiopmcapna, pi Connachr. 
hi ccionaiD mapBcha Cupndin, mic Qo6a, mic Garac Uiopmcapna, pop pao- 
pam Coloim Cille, Do pacpac Clanna Nell an cuaipceipc 1 Connachca an 
each pin Cula Oprirhne Don pij, Do Diapinaic,") beopimon cclaoinBpeif puce 



' Cul-Dreimhne. — This place is in the barony 
of Carbury, to tlie north of the town of Sligo. 
Coigan has the following note upon this place, 
Trias T/iavm., p. 452 : 

" Culdremhni. Est locus hie in regions Car- 
briffi in Connacia, non prooul a Sligoensi oppido 
versus Aquilonem situs. Ilistoriam hujus prze- 
lii fuse enarrat Ketennus libro 2 de Eegibus Hi- 
berniaj, in gestis Diermitii Regis. Prrelium hoc 
non anno 551, ut scribunt Quatuor Magistri in 
Annalibus, sed anno 561, commissum fuit, ut 
tradunt Annales Ultonieuses, et Usserus de 
Primordiis Ecclesiar. Britann., p 694." 

' The sequence. — A circumstantial account is 
given of this literary larceny of St. Columb- 
kille. in O'Donnell's Life of that Saint, lib. ii. 
c. i. Kiug Diarmaid, after hearing the learned 
arguments of plaintiff and defendant, pro- 
nounced his decision that the copy made by 
Columbkille should belong to Finnen's original, 
in the same way as, among tame and domestic 
animals, the brood belongs to the owner of the 
dam or mother, '■'■partus sequitur veritrem." 

'■ Causa utrinque audita Hex, seu partium 
raliones male pensans, seu in alteram privato 
affectu magis propendens, pro Finneno senten- 
tiam pronuntiat, et senteutiam ipse Ilibernico 
vcrsu abiiide in hunc usque diem inter Ilibernos 
fanioso in hunc modum e.xprcssit : Le gach buiii 
a boiiiin, acus le gach leabhar a leabhran, id est, 
Buculus est niatris libri suus esto libellus." — 



Trias Thavm., p. 409. 

Columbkille, who seems to have been more 
liberal and industrious in circulating the writ- 
ten Scriptures than Finnen, had pleaded before 
the King, that he had not in the slightest de- 
gree injured St. Finnen's manuscript by tran- 
scribing it ; and that Finnen should not for any 
reason oppose the multiplying of the Scriptures 
for the instruction of the people. His words 
are as follows, as translated by Coigan : 

" Fateor," inquit, "librum de quo controver- 
titur, ex Finneni codice exscriptum; sed per 
me meaque industria, labore, vigiliis exscriptus 
est ; et ea cautela exscriptus, ut proprius Fin- 
neni liber in nullo factus sit ea exscriptione 
deterior ; eo fine, ut quse prseclara in alieno 
codice repereram, securius ad meum usum re- 
couderem, et commodius in alios ad Dei gloriam 
derivarem: proinde nee me Finneno injurium, 
nee restitution! obnoxium, nee culpa cujus- 
quam in hac parte reum agnosco; ut qui sine 
cujuspiam damno, multoruni consului spiritali 
commodo, quod nemo debuit, aut juste potuit 
impedire." 

Shortly after this King Diarmaid forced Cur- 
nan, the son of the King of Counaught, from 
the arms of Columbkille, to whom he had fled 
for protection, and put him instantly to death. 
Columbkille, exasperated at these insults, said 
to the Kiug : " I will go unto my brethren, the 
Eaces of Connell and of Eoghan, and I will give 



555.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



193 



the guarantee and protection of Colurn Cillc, having been forcibly torn from 
his hands, wliich was the cause of the battle of Cul-Dreimhne. 

The Age of Christ, 555. The seventeenth year of Diarmaid. The battle- 
of Cul-Dreiinhne'' was gained against Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, by Fearglius 
and Domhnall, the two sons of Muircheartach, son of Earca ; by Ainmire, son 
of Scdna ; and by Ainnidh, son of Duach ; and by Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirm- 
charna, King of Connaught. [It was] in revenge of the killing of Curnan, son 
of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, [while] under the protection of Colum 
Cille, the Clanna-Neill of the North and the Connaughtmen gave this battle of 
Cul-Dreimhne to King Diarmaid ; and also on account of the false sentence' 



thee battle in revenge for this unjust judgment 
thou hast given against me respecting the book, 
and in revenge for the killing of the son of the 
King of Connaught, while under my protec- 
tion." Then the King commanded that not one 
of the men of Ireland should convey Columb- 
kille out of the palace, or join him. Columb 
then proceeded to Monasterboice, and remained 
there for one night. In the morning he was 
informed that the King had sent a force to in- 
tercept his passage into Ulster, and take him 
prisoner. Columbkille, therefore, went over a 
solitary part of Sliabh Breagh, and as he passed 
along, he composed the poem beginning " mai- 
nupan bam ip in pliab," which has been printed 
in the Miscellany of the Irish Archaeological 
Society, pp. 3 to 15. When he arrived in Ulster 
he applied to his relatives, the northern Ui- 
Neill, who entered into his feelings of revenge 
against the Monarch who threatened to overrun 
their territories with fire and sword. They 
mustered their forces, to the number of 3000 
men, and being joined by the Connaughtmen, 
came to a pitched battle with the Monai'ch at 
Cul-Dreimhne, in the barony of Carbury, in the 
county of Sligo, where the Monarch, who had 
a force of 2300 charioteers, cavalry, and pedes- 
trians, was defeated with terrible slaughter. — 
See Ussher's Primordia, pp. y02-904, where he 



gives an accoimt of this battle from an unpub- 
lished manuscript of Adamnan's Vita Coliimbce. 

After this battle the Monarch and Saint 
Columb made peace, and the copy of the book 
made from St. Finnen's manuscript was left to 
him. This manuscript, which is a copy of the 
Psalter, was ever after known by the name of 
Cutluich. It was preserved for ages in the family 
of O'Donnell, and has been deposited in the Mu- 
seum of the Royal Irish Academy, by Sir Richard 
O'Donnell, its present owner. — See note '', under 
A. D. 1497, pp. 1232, 123.3. 

Mr. Moore states, in his History of Ireland, 
vol. i. p. 243, that " it has been shewn satisfac- 
torily that there are no grounds for this story ; 
and that though, for some venial and unimpor- 
tant proceedings, an attempt had been made to 
excommunicate him [St. Columbkille] before 
his departure from Ireland, the account of his 
quarrel with the Monarch is but an ill con- 
structed fable, which, from the internal evidence 
of its inconsistencies, falls to pieces of itself." 

The Editor cannot acquiesce in this opinion, 
for, whatever may be the defect of construction 
in the fabulous narrative, it is very clear that 
this special pleading is not sufficient to acquit 
St. Columbkille of the crime of having roused 
his relatives to fight this battle. Adamnan 
refers to it in the seventh chapter of the first 



2 c 



194 



awNaca Kio^hachca eiReawN. 



[555. 



Ompmaic ap Colom Cille im liubap pinoen jio pcpfolj Colorti Cille jan 
jiarhujab opiriDen, Dia noeacpac i peip nOiapmara, 50 po coiccfpcaib Oiap- 
mair an mbpeicli Tioip]iDeipc, la jach boina boirifn, ^jTa. Colom Cille popdi6, 

Q Oia, cia nach Dingbai an cm, Dup infpmaip mfp a Ifn, 

Ctn cpluoj; 00 boinj beaclia t»m, 

Sluaj DO clung In cimcel capn, 

Ctp mac ainpclie no Dap maipn, 

Qpe mo Dpui, ni'm epa, mac Oe ap ppim congena. 

Qp dlainn pfpiip alluaD gobap baooain pep an cpluaj, 

po la baocan puilc buibe, bena a bCpen puippe. 

Ppaochan, mac Uenupain, ap e do pijne mo epbhe nDpiiaoli 00 Diapmair. 
Cuachan, mac Oimmain, mic Sapain, mic Copbmaic, mic Gojain, a pe po la 
inD epbe nopuab Dap a cfnD. Upf mile rpd ipeaDh ropcliaip Do muinnp 
Oiapmaoa. Qoinpeap nctmd ippeaD copcaip Don Ific naill, lllagldim a amm, 
ap ip e po cliinj cap an eipbe nDpuaD. 



book of his Life of St. Columba ; but as this 
biographer's object was to write a panegyric, 
not an impartial character, of liis relative and 
patron, it is very evident that he did not ■wish 
to dwell upon any particulars respecting the 
causes of this battle. Adamnan, however, ac- 
knowledges (lib. iii. c. 3), that Columba was 
excommunicated by an Irish synod ; and other 
writers of great antiquity, cited by Tighernach, 
and in the Liber Ilymnorum, have, with great 
simplicity, handed down to us the real cause of 
Columbkillc's departure from Ireland. These 
accounts, it is true, may possibly be fabulous; 
but it is not fair to assume this on account of 
Adamnan's silence ; and that they are ancient, 
and the written traditions of the country of Tir- 
connell, in which Columbkille was born, is evi- 
dcntfroni theLifecompilcdby O'Donncllin 1520, 
from manuscripts then so old that (as appears 
from his original manuscript in the Bodleian 
Lihrnry) he deemed it necessary to modernize 
tlie language in which they were written. 

St. Cumian, the oldest writer of Columbkillc's 
Life, makes no allusion to the battle of Cuil- 



Dreimhne; but liis work is a panegyric, not a 
biography, of this saint; and the same may be 
said of Adamnan's production, which is an enu- 
meration of his miracles and visions, and not a 
regular biography; and it is fair to remark, 
that, even if Adamnan had written a regular 
biography, he could not, unless by inadver- 
tence, have mentioned one fact which would, 
in tlie slightest degree stain the character of 
his hero with any sort of crime. The bards 
and lay writers, on the other hand, who did 
not understand the nature of panegyric, as 
well as Cumian and Adamnan, have represented 
Columbkille as warlike, which they regarded 
as praiseworthy, for it implied that he possessed 
the characteristics of his great ancestors, Niall 
Xaighiallach and Conall Gulban ; and these, in 
their rude simplicit}', have left us more mate- 
rials for forming a true estimate of his charac- 
ter than are supplied by the more artful de- 
scriptions of his miracles and visions by Cu- 
mian and Adamnan. The latter, in his second 
preface, has the following account of Columb's 
Koins to Scotland: 



555.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



195 



which Diarmaid passed against Colum Cille about a book of Finnen, which 
Colum had transcribed without the knowledge of Finnen, when they left it to 
award of Diarmaid, who pronounced the celebrated decision, " To every cow 
belongs its calf," &c. Colum Cille said : 

O God, wilt thou not drive off the fog, which envelopes our number. 

The host which has deprived us of our livelihood. 

The host which proceeds around the earns' ! 

He is a son of storm who betrays us. 

My Druid, — he Avill not refuse me, — is the Son of God, and may he side with me; 

How grandly he bears his course, the steed of Baedan" before the host ; 

Power by Baedan of the yellowhair will be borne from Ireland on him [the steed]. 

Fraechan"', son of Teniusan, was he who made the Erbhe-Druadh for Diar- 
maid. Tuathan, son of Dimman, son of Saran, son of Cormac, son of Eoghan, 
was he who placed the Erbhe Druadh over his head. Three thousand was the 
number that fell of Diarmaid's people. One man only fell on the other side, 
Mag Laim was his name, for it was he that passed beyond the Erbhe Druadh^ 



" Sanctus igitur Columba nobilibus fuerat 
oriundus genitalibus" [i. e. genitoribus] : " pa- 
trem habens Fedilmitium, filium Ferguso ; 
Matrem vero Ethneam nomine, cujus pater 
latine Filius Navis dici potest, Scotica vero 
lingua Mac Nave. Hie anno secundo post 
Cul-Drebtina: bellura, jetatis vero sua; xlii. de 
Scotia ad Britauniam, pro Christo peregrinari 
volens, enavigavit ; qui et a puero, Christiano 
deditus tyrocinio, et sapiential stiidiis inte- 
gritatem corporis et animse puritatem, Deo 
donante, custodiens, quamvis in terra positus, 
coelestibus se aptum moribus ostcndebat. Erat 
enim aspectu Angelious, sermone nitidus, opere 
sanctus, ingenio optimus, consilio niagnus, per 
annos xxxiv., insulanus miles conversatus. 
Nullum etiam unius horK intervallum tran- 
sire poterat, quo non aut orationi, aut leetioni, 
vel scriptioui, vel etiam alicui operationi joju- 
nationuni quoque et vigiliarum indefessis labo- 
ribus sine ulla intermissione die noctuque ita 



occupatus, ut supra humanam possibilitatem 
uniuscujusque pondus spccialis videretur operis. 
Et inter lia'c omnibus charus, Iiilart-m semper 
iaciem ostendens sanctam Spiritus sancti gaudio 
intimis lajtificabatur ^v-xcor Axis." -Trias Thaum., 
p. 337. 

' Around the cams This seems to suggest 

that the monarch's people were pagans. 

" Baedan He was the third son of the Mo- 
narch, Muircheartach Mor Mac Earca, and 
became Monarch of Ireland jointly with his 
nephew, Eochaidh, in the year 566. 

" Fraeclian. — In the account of this battle, 
preserved in the Leabhar-B'ikllte of the Mac 
Firbises of Lecan, in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, H. 2. 16, p. 873, Fraechan, 
son of Tenisan, is called the Druid of King 
Diarmaid, and the person who made the Airhlii 
Druadh, or druidical charm [aipBe .i. ainm 
atpoe — G'Clery] between the two armies. 

' That passed heyond the Erbhe Druadh In 

c2 



196 



awNata TJio^liachca eiReaNw. 



[556. 



Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceo caojac a pe. Q hoclic oecc do Oiapmaicc. Cac 
Cbuile Iniintipenn 1 vTcatha, pop Diapmaicc, pia nQooli, mac mbpeanainn, 
caoipioc Uearba, -\ ]\o meabaio pop Oiajimaic a hionaD an lomaipecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ciiij ceo caogac a peaclir. Q naoi Decc Do Diapmair. 
S. becc mac De, paioli oipiiDepc, Decc. Colom Cille do doI ino Qlbain 50 
po pocliaiD lapum ecclup, -| ap uoDh ainmnijrep. S. Qooh O piachpacli 



O'Donnell's Life of St. Columbkille, as trans- 
lated by Colgan, it is stated that only one man 
of Columbkille's people fell in this battle, who 
had passed beyond the prescribed limits, " qui 
praefixos pugns limites temere transiliit." But 
this is intentionally suppressing the reference to 
the Airbhe DruaiU, because Colgan did not wish 
to acknowledge the existence of Druidism in 
Ireland, so long after the arrival of St. Patrick. 
Dr. O'Conor, on the other hand, mistranslates 
this passage, obviously with a view to shew that 
Diarmaid had many Druids at the time; but 
O'Conor's knowledge of the language of these 
Annals was so imperfect that he is scarcely 
worthy of serious criticism. His translation 
of the above passage is as follows : 

" Fraochanus filius Tenussani fuit qui per- 
suasit expulsionem Druidum Eegi Diarmitio. 
Tuathanus filius Dimmani, filii Sarani, filii Cor- 
maci, filii Eogani, fuit qui admonuit expulsio- 
nem Druidum postea. Tria millia circiter fuere 
qui occisi sunt de gente Diarmitii. Unus solus 
occisus est ex altera parte, Maglamuis ejus 
nomen. Nam is fuit qui impedivit quin expel- 
lerentur Druidaa." — pp. I6I, 162. 

The absolute incorrectness of this translation 
will be seen at a glance by any one who is 
acquainted with the meaning of the Irish noun, 
eipbe, or aipBe, carmen, and of the verb, po 
chmj, transiliit. It will be observed that the 
Christian writer gives the Airblic Dniadh its 
own magical power (i. e. a power derived from 
the Devil) ; for though Columbkille's prayers 
were able to preserve his forces while they 



remained within their own limits, the indivi- 
dual who passed beyond the consecrated limits 
described by the saint, into the vortex of the 
magical circle of the Druid, immediately lost 
his life. 

"> Cuil- Uinnsenn : i. e. the Corner or Angle of 
the Ash Trees. The Editor has not been able 
to find any name like this in Teffia. Aedh, chief 
of TefEa, is mentioned in the Life of St. Berach, 
published by Colgan, Acta SS., p. 342, c. 14, 
and in note 20, p. 347, in which Colgan is 
wrong in making Teffia the same as the county 
Longford. According to Mageoghegan's Annals 
of Clonmacuoise, this Aedh or " Hugh mac Bre- 
nan, king of TeaiFa, gave St. ColumbkiUe the 
place where the church of Dorowe" [Durrow] 
" stands." 

' Bee, son of Be : i. e. Bee, son of Deaghaidh 
or Daga5us. Colgan translates this entry : 
" A. D. 557. S. Beccus cognomento Mac De 
Celebris propheta, obiit." — Acta SS., p. 192. 
The death of this saint is entered twice in the 
Annals of Ulster; first under the year 552, and 
again under 557. The following notice of him 
is given in the Annals of Clonmacuoise at the 
3'ear 550 : 

" A. D. 550. The prophet, Beg mac De, began 
his prophesies. He pi'ophesied that Lords would 
lose their chiefries and seigniories, and that men 
of little estates and lands would lose their lands, 
because they should be thought little ; and lastly, 
that there should come great mortality of men, 
which would begin in Ffanaid, in Ulster, called 
the Swippe of Fiuiaid (Scunb Punaio)." 



556.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



197 



The Age of Christ, 556. The eighteenth year of Diarmaid. Tlie battle 
of Cuil-Uinnsenn'', in Teathbha, [was fought] against Diarmaid, by Aedh, son 
of Breanainn, chief of Teathbha ; and Diarmaid was routed from the field of 
battle. 

The Age of Christ, 557. The nineteenth year of Diarn)aid. St. Bee, sou 
of De", a celebrated prophet, died. Colum Cille went to Scotland, where he 
afterwards founded a church, which was named from him". St. Aedhau 



' Named from him. — This was I-Columbkille 
or loDa. St. Columljkille, after he had excited 
his relatives to fight the king at Cul-Dreimhne, 
in 560, was excommunicated by a synod of 
the Irish clergy (as Adamnan inadvertently 
acknowledges, to introduce an angelic vision, 
in lib. iii. c. 3); after which he appears to have 
been in bad odour with the Irish clergy till 5(J2, 
when the Annals record the " Navigatio S. Cu- 
Itimhce de Hihernia ad insulam lie, anno etatis 
sne xlii.'''' His success in converting the Picts, 
however, shed round him a lustre and a glory 
which dispelled the dark clouds which had 
previously obscured his fame as a saint ; and 
his own relatives, Cumian and Adamnan, bhx- 
zoned his virtues so ably, after the fashion of 
their age, that they established his sanctity in 
despite of all the aspersions of his rivals and 
enemies. From all the accounts handed down 
to us of this remarkable man, it would appear 
that he was a most zealous and efficient preacher 
of Christian morality, and an industrious tran- 
scriber of the Four Gospels, and of portions of 
the Old Testament. Venerable Bede gives a 
brief sketch of his history, in his Ecclesias- 
tical Hiitory, lib. iii. c. 4 (Giles's translation, 
p. 1 1 2), and observes that " some writings of 
his life and discourses are said to be preserved 
by his disciples." " But," adds this most cau- 
tious writer, who evidently had heard some 
stories about Columba's conduct in Ireland, 
" whatsoever he was himself, this we know for 
certain, tliat he left successors renowned for 



their continency, their love of God, and ob- 
servance of monastic rules. It is true they 
followed uncertain rules in their observance 
of the great festival, as having none to bring 
them the synodal decrees for the observance of 
Easter, by reason of their being so far away 
from the rest of the world ; wherefore, they 
only practised such works of piety and chastity 
as they could learn from the prophetical, evan- 
gelical, and apostolical writings. This manner 
of keeping Easter continued among them for 
the space of 150 years, till the year of our 
Lord's incarnation, 715." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the translator, 
Conneil Mageoghegan, has inserted the following 
curious observation on the belief then in Ireland 
respecting the peculiar property of St. C'olumb- 
kille's manuscripts, in resisting the influence of 
water: 

" He wrote 300 books with his own hand. 
They were all new Testaments; left a book to 
each of his churches in the kingdom, which 
books have a strange projierty, which is, that if 
they, or any of them, had sunk to the bottom 
of the deepest waters, they would not lose one 
letter, or sign, or character of them, which I 
have seen tried, partly, myself of [onl that 
book of them which is at Dorowe, in the King's 
county ; for I saw the ignorant man that had the 
same in his custodie, when sickness came on cat- 
tle, for their remedy, put wateron the book and 
sufter it to rest therein; and saw also cattle re- 
turn thereby to their former state, and the book 



198 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[557. 



065. Cacli mona Ooiiie lorhai]i pop Cpuichniu pia nUib Nell an cuapceijic, 
.1. pia cCenel cConaill"] Goghain, on 1 ccojicpaoap peaclic craoipij Cpuir- 
nfch im Qooli mbiifcc,-] ap Don cup poin 00 pocaip Dopibipi na Lee ; 1 Cdpn 
Golaipj DO clanooib Nell an cuaipceipc. Ceannpaolab po paiDh inopo 

Sinpic paebpa, pinpir pip, in ITloin m '>p Doipe lochaip, 

Qobaip componna nac cfpc, peace pi5h Cpuichne im Q06 mbpfcc. 

piccip each Cpuirne nuile, acup poploipccep Glne, 

Pichcip each ^abpa Cippe, acup each Cuile Opeirhne. 



to receive no loss." Superstitions of tins kind 
have probably been the destruction of many of 
our ancient books. 

"■StAedhan O'Fiadirach. — '' A.I). 569 al. 
562. Aedan Ua Fiachrach obiit." — Ayin. Ult. 

'■ Moin-Doire-lothair Adamnan calls this the 

battle of Moin-mor, as does Ceannfaeladh in the 
verses here quoted by the Four Masters. Dr. 
O'Conor places the field of this battle in Scotland, 
in his edition of the Annals of Ulster, p. 23, 
n. 2, but by a mere oversight, for he seems to 
have been well aware that, by Scotia, Adamnan 
always meant Ireland. Colgan places it " in 
finibus Aquilonaris Hibernia;." — Trias Tliavm., 
p. 374. The Rev. Mr. Eeeves thinks that both 
names are still preserved in Moneymore, a town 
in the county of Londonderry, and Derryloran, 
the parish in which it is situated. — See his 
Ecclesiastical Antiijuities of Down and Connor, ^c, 
p. 339. This, however, may admit of doubt, 
as the former is called in Irish Muine-mor, i. e. 
the Great Hill or Shrubbery, and the latter Z)oM'e- 
Lorain, i. e. Loran's Oak Wood. 

Adamnan's reference to this battle is as fol- 
lows : " Post bellum Cul Drebene, sicuti nobis 
traditum est, duobus transactis annis (quo tem- 
pore virbeatus de Scotia peregrinaturus priiiii- 
tus enavigavit) quadam die, hoc est, eadem hora, 
qua in Scotia commissum est bellum quod Scotice 
dicitur Mona-moire, idem Ininio Dei coram Co- 
naiio Kege, filio Comgill in IJiitannia conver- 



satus, per omnia enarravit, tam de bello, quo- 
rum propria vocabula Ainmerius films Setni, 
et duo filii Maic Erce, Donallus et Fergus. Sed 
et de Rege Cruithniorum, qui Echodius Laib 
vocabatur quemadmodum victus currui inse- 
dens, evaserit; similiter sanctus prophetizavit." 
— Vit. Columba?, lib. i. c. 7 ; Trias Thaiim., p. 340. 
"" Cruithnigh. — These were the inhabitants of 
Dalaradia, who were called Cruithnigh or Picts, 
as being descended from a Pictish mother. Col- 
gan translates this passage as follows in his Acta 
Sanctorum, p. 374, not. 39, on the first book of 
Adamnan's Vita Columha' : 

" A. D. 557. Sanctus ColumbaKilleprofectus 
est in Albanian! (id est Scotiam Albiensem) ubi 
postea extruxit Ecclesiam Hiensem. Sanctus 
Aidanus Hua Fiachrach obiit. Prselium de 
Moin-mor juxta Doire-Lothair contra Cruthe- 
nos (id est Pictos) commissum est per Nepotes 
Neill Septentrionales, id est, per Kinel-Conaill 
(hoc est, stirpem Conalli), Duce Anmirio filio 
Sedna^, et Kinel-Eoguin (id est, stirpem Eugenii) 
Ducibus Domnaldo, et Fergussio, et filiis Mur- 
chertachi, filii Erca?. In eo prajlio occubuerunt 
septem principes Cruthcniorum (id est Picto- 
ruiii) cum Aidu Brcco eorum Rege." 

lie rrnuii'ks on this passage: " Ilabemus ergo 
ex his Annalibus prtelium illud commissum esse 
eodeni anno, quo sanctus Columba in Albauiani, 
sen Hritunuiani venit, ut refert Sanctus Adam- 
nanus in hoc capite, licet male annum 557 pro 



557.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



199 



OTiachrach*" died. The battle of Moin-Doire-lothair" [was gained] over 
the Cruithnigh'', by tlie Ui-Neill of the North, i. e. by the Cinel-Conaill iiiid 
Cinel-Eoghain, wherein fell seven chieftains of the Cruithnigh, together with 
Aedh Breac ; and it was on this occasion that the Lee" and Carn-Eolairg^ 
were forfeited to the Clanna-Neill of tlie North. Ceannfaeladh composed the 
following : 

Sharp weapons were strewn, men were strewn, in Moin-mor-Doire-lothair, 
Because of a partition'' not just; the seven kings of the Cruithui, with Aedh 

Breac, [were in the slaughter]. 
The battle of all the Cruithne'' was fought, and Elne' was burned. 
The battle of Gabhra-Liffe was fought, and the battle of Cul-Dreimhne. 



563 posuerint." This battle is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the years 561 and 
562, thus in the old translation, Cod. Clarend., 
torn. 49 : 

" A. D. 561. The battle of Moin-Doire." 

" A. D. 562. The battle of Moin-Doirc-Lo- 
thair, upon the Cruhens liy the Nells of the 
North. Baedan mac Cin, with two of the Cru- 
hens, fought it against the rest of the Cruhens. 
The cattle and booty of the Eolargs" \_recte the 
Lee and Ard Eolairg] " were given to them of 
Tirconnell and Tirowen, conductors, for their 
leading, as wages." 

' The Lee: i. e. the territory of Fir-Lii or 
Magh-Lii, in the barony of Coleraine, county of 
Londonderry. 

'' Cam- Eolairg. — See note % under the year 
478, battle of Ocha, supra, p. 15L This place 
is mentioned by Tirechan, as near Lee Bendrigi. 
Colgan, in his notes on O'Donnell's Life of Co- 
lumbkille, mentions Carraig Eolairg, as a place 
in the diocese of Derry, " ad marginem Eurypi 
Fevolii." — Trias Thaum., p. 450, n. 49. 

^A partition This seems to indicate that 

the battle was fought in consequence of a dis- 
pute about the partition of lands; but the 
Editor has never met any detailed account of 
this battle, or its causes. According to the 



Annals of Ulster it was fought between the 
Cruitheni themselves, the race of Niall assist- 
ing one party of them for hire. 

'■ The battle of all tlie Cruithni : i. e. the battle 
in which all the L'isli Cruitheni or Dalaradiaiis 
fought. 

'-Elne. — Dr. CConor translates this " pro- 
fani," but nothing is more certain than that it 
was the name of a plain situated between the 
Kiver Bann and the liiver Bush, in the nortli- 
west of the present county of Antrim. The Bann, 
i. e. the Lower Bann, is described in a very an- 
cient poem, quoted by Dr. O'Couor, in his Prole- 
gomena ad Annales, ii. p. 57, as flowing between 
the plains of Lee and Eile or Eilne ; and Tire- 
chan, in describing St. Patrick's journey east- 
wards from Ard-Eolairg and Aileach, near 
Derry, writes as follows : 

" Et exiit in Ard-Eolairg, et Ailgi, et Lee 
Bendrigi, et perrexit trans flumen Banda; et 
benedixit locum in quo est cellola Cuik liaithia 
in Eilniu, in quo fuit Episcopus, et fecit alias 
cellas multas in Eilniu. Et per J3uas fluvium" 
[the Bush] " foramen pertulit, et in Ijuin 
Sebuirgi" [Dunseverick] " sedit super petram, 
quam Petra Patricii usque nunc, &c." 

Adamnan, speaking, in the fiftieth chapter of 
the first book of his Vita Columbce, of that saint's 



200 



aNNaf,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[558. 



beppar gmlla lap cconjal, ap finp im cnuap nuacli 
pfpSiip, Dorhnall, Qinmiiie, acup nQint)i6, mac Ouach. 
pillpic oa mac mic Gapcca, ap cfrio an caclia ceona, 
Qciip an pf Qinmipe pillip i pealbaib Seacna. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 cet) caoccacr a Vioclir. lap mbfich piclie bliabain op 
Gpmni pijlie Do Diapmnicr, mac pfpT^iipaCeppbeoil, Do ceap la liCtoD nDuB, 
mac SuiBne, pi Oal nQpaiDe, 05 Rairh bicc, In TTIoi^ Line. UuccaD a cfno 
50 Cluain mic Noip, 50 po haDnacbc innce, ■) po liabnacu a colann hi 
cCoinoepe. 

Ip in mbliaDainpi po jaBaD an muipjelc .1. Liban injean Gacliach, mic 



reception at Coleraine, also mentions this plain 
in the following words : " Eodeni in tempore 
Conallus Episeopus C'uleratliin, coUectis a populo 
campi Eilni pcene innumerabilibus xeniis, &c." 
— Trias Thaum., p. 350. It should be here re- 
marked that Colgan errs in placing this terri- 
tory on the west side of the River Bann, which 
he does in his note' on this passage in Adamnan, 
as follows : " Campus Fine priscis Magh Elne 
videtur regio amcena et campestris, ex adversa 
Bannei fluminis ripa, Culrathenise Civitati ad- 
jacens versus Occidcntem, quse hodie vulgo Ma- 
chaire, id est, planities vocatur." — Trias Tliaum., 
p. 381, n. 10(j. 

That this opinion of Colgan is erroneous is 
clear from the passage above quoted from Tirc- 
chan, which places Eilniu on the east side of 
the River Bann, and between it and the Bush. 
It must, however, be confessed that the people 
called Fir-Lii, or Lee, who were seated on the 
west side of the River Bann in .St. Patrick's time, 
were driven from thence before the twelfth 
century by the Kinel-Owen, and that this is 
what led Colgan astray. But he should have 
known that the church of y1c/(a(/// Diiblithaigli, 
now called Aghadowey, which all the niartyro- 
logies place in the plain of .Magli-Lii, and which 
retained its name in his own time, is on the west 
side of the Bann. 



■* Aedh Duhh Adamnan mentions this fact, 

and calls the slayer of the King : " Aidum cog- 
nomento Nigrum, regio genere ortum, Cruthi- 
nium gente, &c. qui et Diermitium filium Cer- 
buill totius Scotiffi Regnatorem Deo auctore 
ordinatum, interfecerat." — Lib. i. c. 36; Trias 
Tltaiim., p. 346. See note on this Aedh Dubh, 
under the year 592. 

The death of King Diarmaid is entered under 
the year 5G4, in the Annals of Ulster, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 564. Occisio Diarraato mic Cearbhuill 
mac h-Aed Dubh la Suibhue." 

But by Tighernach under 565, which is the 
true year : 

" A. D. 565. DidpmaiD mac Cepbaill oc- 
cipup epc hi pRaic 6ic a muij?,ine la h-Qeo 
nOub mac Suibne Qpuioe, pi Lllao. 

" A. D. 565. Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill was 
slain at Rath-bee in Magh-Line, by Aedh Dubh, 
son of Suibhne Araidhe, King of Ulidia." 

' Rath-hec, in Magh-Line : i. e. the Small Fort 
in Moylinny, now Rathbeg, a townland in the 
parish of Donegore, adjoining the parish of 
Antrim, in the county of Antrim.. — See Reeves's 
Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, 
&c., p. 278. It adjoins another townland of 
great celebrity in Irish history, now culled 
Rathmore, i. e. the Great Fort, anciently Rath- 



558.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



201 



They bore away hostages after conflict, thence westwards towards Cniias-Nuacli, 

Fearglius, Domhnall, Ainmire, and Nainnidh, son of Duach. 

The two sons of Mac Earca returned to the same battle, 

And the king, Ainmire, returned into the possessions of [his fatliei-] Seadna. 

The Age of Christ, 558. After Diarmaid, the son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, 
had been twenty years in sovereignty over Irehand, he was slain by Aedh Dubh'', 
son of Suibhne, King of Dal-Araidhe, at Rath-beag, in Magh-Line'. His head 
was brought to Cluain-mic-Nois"", and interred there, and his body was interred 
at Connor. 

In this year was taken the Mermaid, i. e. Liban, the daughter of Eochaidh", 



mor-Maighe-Line. 

" Cluain-mic- Nois. — It is stated in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, in which this battle is recorded 
under the year 569, that the King had requested 
before he expired that his head sliould be in- 
terred at Clonmacnoise, the monastery of his 
friend, St. Kieran. His body was buried at 
Connor, near tlie place where he was killed. 
He left three distinguished sons : 1 . Aedh- 
Slaine, ancestor of nine monarchs of Ireland; 2. 
Colman Mor, the ancestor of the Clann-Colman, 
of whom there were seven monarchs; and 3. Col- 
man Beag. 

° Liban, the daiiglder of Eochaidh. — This Liban 
is set down in the Irish Calendar of O'Clery, at 
18th December, as a saint. Her capture as a 
mermaid is set down in the Annals of Ulster 
under the year 571: "Hie anno capta est in 
Muirgheilt." 

According to a wild legend in Leabhar-na- 
h Uidhri, this Liban was the daughter of Eoch- 
aidh, from whom Loch Eathach, or Lough 
Neagh, was named, and who was drowned in 
its eruption [A. D. 90], together with all his 
children, except his daughter, Liban, and his 
sons, Conaing and Curnan. The lady, Liban, 
was preserved from the waters of Lough Neagh 
for a full year, in her grianan, or boudoir, 
under the lake. After this, at her own desire. 



she was changed into a salmon, and continued 
to traverse the seas till the time of St. Comh- 
gall of Bangor. It happened that St. Comhgall 
despatched Beoan, son of Innli, of Teach- Debeog, 
to Rome, on a message to Pope Gregory 
[Pope, A. D. 599-604] to receive order and 
rule. When the crew of Beoan's currach were 
at sea, they heard the celebration of angels be- 
neath the boat. Liban, thereupon, addressed 
them, and stated that she had been 300 years 
under the sea, adding that she would proceed 
westward and meet Beoan, that day twelve 
months, aX Inbher-Ollarbha\ha.Tnn'\, whither the 
saints of Dalaradia, with Comhgall, were to re- 
sort. Beoan, on his return, related what had 
occurred, and, at the stated time, the nets were 
set, and Liban was caught in the net of Fergus 
oi Miliuc, upon which she was brought to land, 
and crowds came to witness the sight, among 
whom was the chief of Ui- Conaing. The right 
to her being disputed by Comhgall, in whose ter- 
ritory, — and Fergus, in whose net, — and Beoan, 
in promise to whom, — she was taken, they 
prayed for a heavenly decision ; and next day two 
wild oxen came down from Carn-Airend; and, on 
their being yoked to the chariot, on which she 
was placed, they bore her to Teach-Dabeoo, 
where she was baptized by Comhgall, with the 
name Muirgen, i. e. born of the sea, or Muirgeilt, 
D 



202 aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawvi. [,559. 

Tninpfolia, pop cpaclir Ollapba, In li'n beoain, mic Inli, mpcaipe Corhjaill 
bfnDchaip. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cincc ceD caoccac anaoi. Qn ceo bliabam Do Da mac 
TTiuipcfpcaich, tmc TTluipeaDliaij, 1 pijhe nGpeann .1. Oomnall 1 peapgujp. 
Cach ^abpa Lippe, -j each Oumha Qichip, pia nOorhnalll pia bpfpgup, pop 
Lai5nib, Dia nebpan. 

Cat ^abpa, ~\ cacb Ouriia Qcaip, 
Ctcbach arhpa 1 ccfchcaip, C0I511 acup a araip. 
Cacb ^abpa, ni each Duine nd Di cec 
Qcbach piche 6 Paolan, 6 Qilell piche picec. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo peapccac. Qn Dapa bliaDain Do Doriinall -\ 
Dpeapjiip. Oairhin Oaimhaipjic, .1. Coipppe, Decc. Qp ua6api6e na hQip- 
gialla. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cinj ceo peapccac a haon. lap mbeir cp( bliabna 1 pije 
nGpeann Do Dorhnall "] opeapgup, Da mac riluipcfpcaij, mic minpeaboi^ 
mic 605am, mic Nell, po eccpac apaon. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD peapccac a Do. Qn ceiD bliaDain oGochaiD, mac 
Oomnaill, mic TTluipcfpcaij, ■] do baooan, mac TTIhuipceapcaich, mic TTluip- 
eaDaigh, 1 pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo peapcac acpf. S. TTlolaipt, abb Daniiinnpi, Decc 
an Dapa la Decc Do Sepcembep. lap mbeich Da bliabam 1 pighe nGpeann 

i. e. traverser of the sea. Another name for her et Domhnall Victore^." — Ann. Ult. 

was Fuinchi. — See Reeye&'s Antiquities of Down "A. D. 572. Vel hoc Belluni Gabhra Liphi 

and Connor, ^-c, pp. 377, 378. for Laighnin." — Ann. Ult. 

" Ollarblia Now called the Lame, or Inver " A. D. 5G9. The battle of Gawra-Liffe was 

River, which rises about four miles south-west given by the Lynstermen, where Fergus and 

of the town of Larne, in the county of Antrim. King Donall were victors." — Ann. Clon. 

See note ^, under A. D. 285, p. 121, swprci. '' Dumha-Aichir See note ', under the year 

>■ Ga/jhra-Liffe. — This was situated somewhere 404, p. 14G, siipru. 

on the River Liifcy, but nothing has been yet ' Daiinliin Damhairgit : i. e. tlie Little Silver 

discovered to determine its exact position. In O.x. In the Liie of St. Maidoc he is called 

the Annals of Ulster this battle is entered under " Latine Bos et Ilibernice Damli seu Daim/iin." 

the year 5G5, and again under 572, and in the Me is the ancestor of the Mac Mahous of Oirghi- 

Annals of Clonmacnoise at 5G9 : alia, but not of all the septs of the Oirghialla. 

"A. D. 5G5. Bellum Gabhre-Liphi. Fergus See Shirley's /I ccoi/n< of the Territory or Domi- 



559.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOiM OP' IRP:LAND. 203 

son of Muireadh, ou the strand of Ollarbha", in the net of Beoan, son of luli, 
the fisherman of Comligall of Beannchair. 

The Age of Christ, 559. The first year of tlie two sons of Muircheartach, 
son of Muireadhacli, in the liingdom of Ireland, i.e. Domhnall and Feargliiis. 
The battle of Gabhra-LiffeP, and the battle of Dumlia-Aichir'', by Domhnall 
and Fearghus, against the Leiustermen, of which was said : 

The battle of Gabhra and the battle of Dumha-Achair, 

Illustrious men fell in both, Colgu and his father. 

The battle of Gabhra -was not a battle [with the loss] of a man or two hundred ; 

There fell twenty from Faelan, from Ailill twenty times twenty. 

The Age of Christ, 560. The second year of Domhnall and Fearghus. 
Daimhin Damhairgif, i. e. Cairbre, died. From him are the Airghialla. 

The Age of Christ, 561. After Domhnall and Fearghus", the two sons of 
Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall, had been three 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, they both died. 

The Age of Christ, 562. The first year of Eochaidh, son of Domhnall, son 
of Muircheartach, and of Baedan, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 563. St. Molaisi, Abbot of Daimhinis', died on the 
twelfth of September. After Eochaidh and Baedan had been two years in 

nio7i of Farney, p. 148; and Colgan's Tricts Life of St. Aedan, quoted by Ussher (P;7/«o?'rf., 

Thaum., p. 381, n. 6. p. 962), tlie name of this island is translated 

'' Domhnall and Fearghus The death of Bovis insula, Aui Bovium insula in a, lAfe oi St. 

Domhnall is entered twice in the Annals of Aedus. St. Molaise, or Laissren, the patron of 

Ulster, first at the year 565, and again at 572, this island, was the son of Nadfraech, and is to 

but they contain no notice of the death of be distinguished from Molaise, or Laisren, of 

Fearghus : Leighlin, who was son of Cairell. The Life of 

" A. D. 565. Mors Domhnaill7?^eYMuirchear- St. Aedan has the following notice of the 

taig ic Erca, cui successit Ainmire mac Sedua." former: 

" A. D. 572. Vel hie Bas Donihnaill ic Muir- " Beatissimus Lasreanus ad aquilonalem par- 

cheartaig, ic Erca, cui successit Ainmire mac tem Hiberniie exivit, et construxit clarissimum 

Setnai." monasterium in Stagno Heme nomine Daimh- 

' Daimliinis : i. e. Ox-island, now Devenish, inis, quod sonat Latine Bovis insula." 
an island in Lough Erne, near the town of And the Life of St. Aedus : " Eegebat plures 

Enniskillen, in the county of Fermanagh. In a monachos in insula posita in Stagno Erne, 

2 d2 



204 



aNNaf<a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[564. 



oGochaiD -| DO baoDan, copcjiaoap la Cponan, roi^eac Ciannachca ^linne 

Qoip Cinopc, C1115 ceo pfpccar a cfraip. Qn ceo Bliabain Do Qinmipe, 
mac Seona, mic pfpjupa CfriDpoDa, hi piglie riGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceo peapccac a ci'iij. Qn Dapa bliaDain DCtinniipe. 
Deman, mac Caipill, picch Ulaoli, mic TTluipeaboijh TTluinDeipcc, do mapbab 
la bachlachaib boipne. TTlupcoblacli la Colman mbecc, mac Oinpmaca, 
mic pfpjupa Ceppbeoil, ~\ la Conall, mac Coiiigaill, coipeac Oal RiaDa In 
Soil, 1 1 tille, CO rcapopac eodla lomba eipcib. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceD peapccac a pe. lap mbeicli cpi bliabna hi pije 
nGpeann oQinmipe, mac Seona, copcaip la pfpsiip, mac Nelline, Dia nebpao. 

peimm an can pom boi pi, nip bo mfnnac nach Declai, 
InDiii ap poipDep55 a U, la liQinmipe, mac Seacnai. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo peapccac a peachc. lap mbeicli aon bliabain hi 
pijhe n6peann do baoDan, mac NinDeaoha, mic pfpjupa CfnDpoDa, Do ceap 
oc bem inn ech, 1 noebaiD, lap an Da Comaoine .1. Comaoine, mac Colmain 



quam Scoti nomlnant Daimliinis, i. e. Bovium 
insulam." 

The death of tliis saint is entered twice in 
the Annals of Ulster, first under the year 563 
(a^r. com. 564), and again under 570. 

" Cianaclita-Glinne-Geiinliin. : i.e. the Race of 
Cian of Gleann-Geimhin, which was the name 
of the vale of the River Roe, near Dungiven, in 
the county of Londonderry. The territory of 
this tribe is now called the barony of Keenaght. 
Sec note °, under A. D. 1197, p. 107- The 
death of these joint monarchs is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the year 571, thus: 

"A. D. 571. Occisio da Ua Muirethaig .i. 
Baetan mac Muircheartaigh et Eochaidh mac 
Domhnaill mic Muircheartaig mic Erca, tertio 
anno regni sui. Cronan mac Tighernaig, ri Cian- 
nachta: Glenna Gevin occisisor eoruni erat. 

"A. D. 571. The killing of the two de- 
scendants of Muireadhach, i. e. Baedan, son of 
Muircheartach, and Eochaidh, son of Donihnall, 



son of Muircheartach Mac Erca, in the third 
year of their" [joint] " reign. Cronan, son of 
Tighearnach, King of Cianachta of Gleann- 
Geimhiu, was their slayer." 

" Ainmire. — O'Flaherty says that he succeeded 
in the year 568. 

^ Deman, son of Cairell. — " A. D. 571. Mors 
Demain mic Cairill." — Ann. UU. 

> Boirenn: i.e. a rocky District. " 6oipeanD 
.\. bopp-onn .1. doc rhop." — MS. T. C. D., H. 2. 
15, p. 180. There are two townlands of this 
name in the county of Down, one in the parish 
of Droraara, and the other in that of Cluain- 
Dallain, or Clonallon. The latter is probably 
the place hero alluded to. 

' Sol. — Tliis island, which is now called Col, is 
styled Colossa by Adamnan in his Vit. Columh., 
lib. i. c. 41, and lib. ii. c. 22. 

" Ik. — Now 11a, or Islay. It is called Ilea 
by Adamnan, lib. ii. c. 23, Trias lliaiim., p. 355. 
This expedition is noticed in the Annals of 



564.J ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 205 

the sovereignty of Ireland, lliey were slain by Cronan, chief of Cianachta- 
Glinne-Gemhin". 

The Age of Christ, 564. Tlie first year of Ainmire", son of Sedna, son of 
Fearghus Ceannfhoda, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 565. The second year of Ainmire. Deman, son of 
CairelP, King of Ulidia, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, was killed by the 
shepherds of Boirenn^'. A sea fleet [was brought] by Colman Beg, son of 
Diarmaid, son of Fearglius Cerrbheoil, and by Conall, son of Comhgall, chief 
of Dal-Riada, to So? and Ile% and tliey carried off many spoils from them. 

The Age of Christ, 566. After Ainmire, son of Sedna'', was three years in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Fearghus, son of Nellin, of which 
was said : 

Feimhin, while he was king", was not a place without bravery, 

To-day dark-red its aspect, [being set on fire] by Ainmire, son of Seadna. 

The Age of Christ, 567. After Baedan, son of Ninnidli, son of Fearghus 
Ceannfhoda, had been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain at 
Leim-an-eich'\ in a battle, by the two Comains ; i. e. Comain, son of Colman Boer, 

Ulster under the year 567, thus: " Eo tempore regnabat Ainmericus Eex per 

" Feacht i niardomhain la Colman mBecc, totam Hiberniam, qui et ipse misit ad B. Gildam, 

mac Diarmato, agus Conall mac Comgaill, i. e. rogans ut ad se veniret." 

an expedition into lardomhan" [the Western ' While he was king. — This is evidently quoted 

Isles] " by Colman Beg, son of Diarmaid, and from a poem on one of the kings of Munster 

by Conall, son of ComgaU." (probably Crimhthann Srebh), after whose death 

'■ Ainmire, son of Sedna The death of this Magh-Feimhean was laid waste witli fire and 

monarch is entered twice in the Annals of sword by the monarch Ainmire, son of Sedna. 

Ulster, first under 568, which is the true year, ^ Leim-an-eich: i. e. the Horse-leap. There are 

and again under 575, which is clearly a mistake. several places of this name in Ireland. Tliat 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is entered here referred to may be the place now called 

imder 569, as follows : Leira-an-eich-ruaidh, ant/lice Lemnaroy, near 

" A. D. 569- Ainmire mac Setna, joynt King, Iilaghera, in the county of Londonderry. O'Fla- 

was slain by Fergvis mac Nellyne, which Fergus herty places the accession of " Boetanus filius 

was soon after slain by Hugh mac Ainmireagh." Kinnedii" in 571, and that of " Aidus Anmirei 

Adamnan calls him " Ainmerius filius Setni" filius" in 572.^ O^^i/ta, iii. c. 93. In the Annals 

in lib. i. c. 7 ; and in lib. iii. c. 5, he writes the of Ulster his death is entered under the year 

name very correctly Ainmirech, in the genitive 585, as follows : 

form. In the Life of Gildas, published by the " A. D. 585. Occisio Baetain mac Ninnedha, 

Bollandists, p. 954, he is called Ainmericus : filii Duach, filii Conaill, mic Fergusa Ceannfada, 



206 aNNaf,a Rio^hachca eiueawN. [568. 

bice, mic Crpbaill, ■] Comaoine, mac Libpene, mic loUa6ain, mic Cfpbaill. 
Ufie corhaiple Col main bicc no ponpac an gnforh hipn. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ciiij ceo peopccac a hoclic. Qn ceD blianain oQonb, mac 
Qmmipecli, op Gpinn. peapgap, mac Nelbne, Do rhapBab la hQo6, mac 
Qinmipech, ^ noiojail a achap. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo peapcca a naoi. Qn oapa bliabam 0Q06. S. Oenna, 
mac iia LaiT;ipi, abb Cluana mic Noip, oecc. S. Ice, ogli 6 Cliiain Cpfbail, 
Decc an 15 lanuapn. Qp Di ba bamm TTlirte. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceo peacbcino^ac. Qn cpeap bliabain t)Qot)b. 
S. TTloeinfriD, eppucc Cluana peapra bpfnainn, Decc an ceD Id Do rna]ira. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD peacbcmo^ac a haon. S. bpenoinn, ab bioppa, 
Decc an naorhaD Ici picfc do Nouembep. Cach Uola pia Piachna, mac 5ao- 
Dain, mic CaipiU, pop Oppaijib 1 pop Glib, -] po meabaiD poppa. Tola 
oinm maigbe erip Clnam pfpca ITloliia "] Saijip. Cacb peitiin pia Coipppe 
mac Cpemrctinn, pi miiiTian, pop Colman becc, mac Oiapmaoa,-) ]io meabaib 
ap Colman. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cnig ceD peachcmojac aDo. Qn cincceaD bliaDain dQod. 
Cach Doece, Dian bainm bealacb peaolia, pia nQoD, mac Qinmipecb, pop 

regis Temro, qui uno anno regnavit. Cumaeine Kilmeedy, in Munster, are named after this 

mac Colmain, Big mic Diarmata, & Cumaeine mac virgin. 

Libhren, filii Illannon, mic Cerbaill occ!(fen»j< '' Brencnnn, Ahhot of Birra. — His death is en- 

eum coiisiiio Colmain .i. oc Leim ind eich." tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 564, 

'Mac UaLaighhi. — Dr. O'Conor says that this and again at 571, which is the true year. It is 

family name is now O'Lacy, which involves a entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 570. 

double error, ibr Mac Ua Laighsi is not a family ' Tola Now Tulla, in the parish of Kinnitty, 

name (for hereditary surnames were not esta- barony of Ballybritt, and King's County. In 

blished so early as this period), and there is no the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at the year 569, 

such name as O'Lacy in Ireland. There is Lacy this battle is noticed as follows : 

or De Lacy, but this name is not of Irish origin. "A. D. 569. The battle of Talo and Fortalo, 

This writer is also wrong in saying that the the names of two fields between Elie and Ossorie, 

family of O'Laigisiorum is mentioned by Adam- which is between Clonfert-Molwa and Sayer, 

nan, lib. iii. c. 12. where Fiachia mac Boydan was victor." 

' Cluain-Creadhail. — Now Killeedy, in the But in the Annals of Ulster it is entered first 

south of the county of Limerick. — See note ', under tlie year 572, and again under 573, and 

under the year 546. said to have been fought "i« 7-egio7iibti.iCriiithne" 

" Mide : i. e. Mo Ide : i. e. Mealda — See Col- which seems correct, as the victor was King of 

gan's Acta SS., p. 71, n. 2. The churches called Ulidia : 



568.] ANNALS OP' THE KINGDOM OF IRKLAND. 207 

son of Cearbhall, and Coinain, son of Libren, sou of Illadlian, son of Cearbliall. 
[It was] at the instance of Colman Beg they perpetrated this deed. 

The Age of Christ, 568. The first year of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over 
Ireland. Fearghus, son of NeUin, was slain by Aedli, son of Ainmire, in revenge 
of his father. 

The Age of Christ, 569. The second year of Aedh. St. Oenna Mac Ua 
Laighisi'', Abbot of Chiain-niic-Nois, died. St. Ite, virgin, of Cluain-CreadhaiF, 
died on the 15th of January. She was also called Mide*. 

The Age of Christ, 570. The third year of Aedh. St. IMaeineann, Bisliop 
of Cluain-fearta-Breanainn [Clonfert], died on the first of March. 

The Age of Christ, 571. St. Breanainn, Abbot of Birra'', died on the 
twenty-ninth day of November. The battle of Tola', by Fiachna, son of Baedan, 
son of Cairell, against the [people of] Osraighe and File; and they were defeated. 
Tola is the name of a plain [situated] between Cluain-fearta-Molua'' and Saighir'. 
The battle of Feimhin"', by Cairbre, son of Creatnhthann, King of Munster, 
against Colman Beg, son of Diarmaid ; and Colman was defeated. 

The Age of Christ, 572. The fifth year of Aedh. The battle of Doete, 
which is called Bealach-feadha", by Aedh, son of Ainmire, against the men of 

"A. D. 572. Bdlvm Tola & Fortola i.e. no- britt, aud King's County, and about four miles 

mina camporum etir Ele ecus Osraige, ocus etir east of Birr. — See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 791> 

Cluain-ferta ocus Saiger." 792, where this church is referred to as iu the 

" A. D. 573. BeUum Tola & Fortola in regioni- territory of Eile (i. e. Ely O'Carroll), which au- 

hus Cruithne." ciently belonged to Munster, but which was a 

'' Cluain-ferta- 3Ivlua. — " Et in ipso loco clara part of Leinster in Ussher's time, 
civitas quffi vocatur Cluain-fcrta-Molua, id est, " Feimhin. — A plain comprised iu the barony 

Latibulum mirabile S. Molure (eo quod ipse in of Iffa and Ofia East, in the county of Tippe- 

sna vitii nuilta miracula in ea fecit, et adhuc rary See note imder A. M. 3506, p. 32. This 

gratia Dei per eum patrantur) in honore S. Mo- passage is given iu the Annals of Ulster at the 

luffi crevit : et ipsa est in coniinio Laginensium year 572 : " A. D. 572. Bdlum Feimin, in quo 

et Mumeniensium, inter regiones Osraigi et Hele victus est Colman Modicus" [Beg] Jiliiis Diar- 

et Laiges." — Vita Molua^, quoted in Ussher's niata, e? !}we cwwi?." It is also given at the year 

Primord., p. 943. This place is now called Clon- 592, in Doctor O'Conor's edition, p. 32, but not 

fertmulloe, aliasKyle, and is situated at the foot in the Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 
of Slieve Bloom, in the barony of Upper Ossory, " Bealach-feadha : i. e. the Woody Road. This 

in the Queen's County. — See Or/y(/ia, iii. c. 81. jilace is called Bealach an Fhcadha, in the pedi- 

' Saighir. — Now Serkieran, an old church gree of O'Reilly, preserved in the Library of 

giving name to a parish in the barony of Bally- Trinity College, Dublin, H. 1.15, and now cor- 



208 



aNNW.a Rio^hachca eiReawH. 



[573. 



pfpaib TTlme, t>u in po ruic Colman bCcc, mac OiajimaDa. Conall mac 
ComgaiU, pi Dal Riacra, do ecc. Qp eipibe po fobaip hi no Choluim Cille. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 cen peachcmojac a rpi. Qn peipeaD bliabain t.Qo6. 
bpfnainn, mac bpniin, plaicli Uearba, Decc. 

Qoip Cpio] c, C1115 ceD peachcmojac a cfroip. Q peachc dQooIi. TTlap- 
baD Qoolia, mic Gauhach Uiopmchapna, la hUtb bpuiin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo peachcmo^ac ayt. Qn naomab bliabain dQodIi. 
S. bpfnainn, abb Cluana pfpca bpfnainn, an i6rnaii,i Do puaip bap a 
nGanach oiiin, -[ Do haolacab a copp n cCluain pepca bpenainn. Colman, 
mac Coipppe, pi baijfn, Decc ace Sliab ITlaipcce. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cincc ceD peaclicmojau apeaclir. Qn Deachmab bliabain 
dQod. S. eppucc Gclicfn Clnana pora baican aba Decc an 11 pebpuapi. 
8. Caipeach Ofpgain ogh, o Cluain boipeann, Decc 9 pebpuapi. peiblimib 
pinn, abb Qpoa TTlaca, do ecc. 



rectly anglicised Ballaghanea, and is tlie name 
of a townland in the parish of Liirgan, barony 
of Castlerahin, and county of Cavan. In the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, ad ann. 587, Ma- 
geoghegan conjectvires that Colman Beg was 
slain at Belanaha, near Mullingar, but he is 
evidently wrong. In the Annals of Ulster this 
battle is noticed at the year 586 : 

" Bellum Droma-Etlie, in quo cecidit Colman 
Beg mac Diarmata. Aed mac Aimirech victor 
erat, in quo hello etiam cecidit Libren mac Illan- 
don mio Ccarbaill." — Cud. Claren., tom. 49. 

" Of Dal-Riada : i.e. of Dal-Kiada, in North 
Britain. This entry is given in the Annals of 
Ulster at the year 573, and in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise at 509, as follows : 

" A. D. 573. Mors Conaill mic Comgaill anno 
regni sui xvi., qui obtulit insulam le Columbm 
Cille."— ^nn. Ul. 

" A. D. 5()9- Conell, son of Cowgal, that gave 
the island of Hugh" [i. e. lona] " to St. Co- 
lumbkille, died in the 16th year of his reign, of 
Dulriatye." — Ann. Clon. See also Colgan's Trias 
Tliaum., pp. 495, 496. 



' Brenain.n,son of Brian According toColgan 

{Trias Thaum., p. 507), this Brenainn, or "Bren- 
danus princeps Teffise," granted Durrow to St. 
Columbkille ; but see note ', tinder the year 
556, supra, and note f, under 585, infra. 

■^ Eochaidh Tiimckarna. — He was King of 
Connaught. The Ui-Briuin were the descen- 
dants of Brian, son of the Monarch, Eochaidh 
Muighniheadhoin, and were Aedh's own tribe. 
The killing of Acdh is entered in the Annals of 
Ulster at the year 576. Under the year 573 
the Annals of Ulster record : '■'■Magna rhopbail, 
i. e. Conventio Dromma Cheta" [now Daisy Hill, 
near the River Roe, not far from Newtown 
Liniavaddy, in the county of Londonderry], 
" in qua erant Colum Cille et Mac Ainniirech." 
And the same Convention is noticed in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise under the year 587, which 
is nearer to the true date, which was 590. It 
looks very strange that the Four Masters should 
make no reference to this convention, which is 
so celebrated in Irish history, and particularly 
by Keating, in the reign of Acdh Mac Ainmi- 
rcach, and in the Lives of St. Columbkille, with 



573.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2f)9 



Meatli, where fell Colman Beg, son of Diarmaid. Conall, son of Comligall, 
King of Dal-Riada", died. It was he that granted Hy [lona] to Coliim Cille. 

The Age of Christ, 573. The sixth year of Aedh. Breanainn, son of 
BrianP, chief of Teathbha [Teffia], died. 

The Age of Christ, 574. The seventh year of Aetlh. The killing of Aedh, 
son of Eochaidh Tirincharna'', by the Ui-Briuin. 

The Age of Christ, 576. The ninth year of Aedh. St. Brenainn', Abbot 
of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn [Clonfert], died on the 16th of May. lie died at 
Eanach-duin", and his body was interred at Cluain-ferta-Brenainn. Colman, 
son of Caii'bre, King of Leinster, died at Sliabh-^Iairge*. 

The Age of Christ, 577. The tenth year of Aedh. St. Ethchen, Bishop 
of Cluain-foda Baetain-abha", died on the llth of February. St. Caireach Dear- 
gain, virgin, of Cluain-Boireann'', died on the 9th of February. Feidhlimidh 
Finn", Abbot of Ard-Macha, died. 



which they were so well acquainted See 

O'Donnell's Vitce Columbcu, lib. i. c. 93 ; ii. 1 0, 
110; iii. 1, 2, 4, 5. It is also mentioned by 
Adamnan, in his Vita Columbw, under the name 
of Dorsum Cette, lib. i. cc. 10, 49; lib. ii. c. 6; 
Trias Thaiim., pp. 341, 349, 35'2. 

Under the year 575, which is totally omitted 
by the Four Masters, the Annals of Ulster 
record : " Scintilla hepre, et ahundantia micum 
inaudita. Bellum Teloco in quo cecidit Duncath 
mac Conaill mic Comgaill et alii multi de sociis 
filionim Gaurain." 

The Annals of Clonmacnoise also record : 
" Diseases of the Leporsie and knobbes," but 
under the year 569, which is incorrect. 

■■ St. Brenainn. — St. Brenainn, or Brendan, of 
Clonfert, in the county of Galway, died at 
Annadown, in the year 577, according to Ussher 

{Index Cliron. in Primord., p. 1145) See also 

Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, p. 193. 

" Eanach-duin : i. e. the Moor or Marsh of the 
Dun, or earthen Fort; now Annadown, on the 
east margin of Lough Corrib, in the barony of 
Clare and county of Galway. 

2 



' Sliahh-Mairge Now Slievemargy, orSlew- 

marague, a barony in the south-east of the 
Queen's County See A. D. 1398. 

" Claain-fota Baetain-Abha : i. e. the Long 
Lawn or Meadow of Baetain Abha, now Clonfad, 
in the barony of Farbil, and county of West- 
meath. — See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, pp. 304- 
306 ; Archdall's Monasticon Hib., p. 708 ; and 
Obits and Mnrtyrolorjy of Christ Cliurch, Dublin, 
Introduction, p. liii. 

" Cluain-Boireann Now Cloonburren, on the 

west side of the Shannon, in the parish of 
Moore, barony of Moycarnan, and county of 
Roscommon, and nearly opposite Clonmacnoise. 
That part of the River Shannon lying between 
this church and Clonmacnoise was anciently 
called Snamh-da-en. — See Buile Shmbhne, MS., 
R. I. A., p. 141; and Colgan's Trias Thanm., 
p. 134, c. 33; Tribes and Customs of Hy-Manij, 
p. 82, note "i, and the map to the same work. 
St. Cairech of this place was the sister of St. 
Eany, or Endeus, of Aran. 

" Feidhlimidh Finn. — He is set down as Pii- 
mate in the list of the Archbishops of Armagh 



210 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReawH. 



[579. 



Qoip Cpioi^c, CU15 ceD peachcmojac anaoi. Q 06 oecc dQodIi. Carh 
0]ioma mic Gapcca pm nQooli, mac Qinnniiecli, pop Cenel nGo^ain, Du in 
po mnpbaD Colcca, mac Domnaill, mic ITluipceapraij^, mic TTliiipeaboigh. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceD oclirmojar. Q cpi oecc dQodIi. prpjup Scnnnal, 
pf TTIuihan, do mapbab. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CU15 ceD ochcmojac a haon. Q cfraip Decc oQcb. Geoh, 
mac Suibne, roipeac ITIaonmuiglie, Decc. 

Qnip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD ochcmo^ac a DO. Q CU15 Decc DQonh. pfpaDhacli, 
mac OuQich, nj^fpna Oppai je, do rhapbab la a muincip pfipin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cing ceo ochcmojac acpf. Q pe Decc dQodIi. S. pfpgnp, 
eppcop Opoma Lfrhglaipe, Do ecc an 30 Do TTlbapca, -] ape an prjigup pin 
po porhaiD Cill nibian. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ciiig ceD ochcmojar a cfraip. Q peachc Decc dQo6. 
S. NaccaoirTie,abb dpe Da jlap, bparaip Caoimjin, Do ecc an ceD Id Do ITlaii. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceD ochcmojac a cuij. Qn cochcrhab bliabain Decc 
dQodIi. bpfnainn cijhfpna Ueacba, Decc. Qp eipiDe po ebbaip (piap an can 



given ill the Psalter of Cashel, published by 
Colgan in Ti-ias Thaum., p. 293; and in the 

Bodleian MS., Laud. 610 See Harris's edition 

of Ware's Bishops, p. 38. 

Under this year the Annals of Ulster record, 
" Reversio Ulot de Eainania ;'''' and the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise notice the " departing of Ul- 
stermen from Eawyn," under the year 580. It 
would appear from a notice in the Annals of 
Ulster, at the year 576, that the Ulta, or ancient 
Ultonians of the race of Rury, made an effort 
to recover their ancient fort of Eniania in that 
year, but that they were repulsed by Clann- 
Colla, or Oirghialla : 

" A. D. 576. Primum pcricnlum Ulot in Eii- 
fania." 

■ Druim Mic Earca : i.e. the Ridge orLongllill 
of Mac Earca. — Not identilied. This battle is 
recorded in the Annals of Ulster at the years 
579 and 580, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
ut 580, as follows: 



" A. D.579. i?C"ft(»iDroniaMicErce«6( Colgu, 
flius Domhnaill, Jilii Muirchertaig, mic Muire- 
daig, mic Eogain cecidit." Aed mac Ainmirech 
victor- f tilt." 

" A. D. 580. Velhic Bdlum Droma Mic Erce." 
—Ann. Vlt. 

" A. D. 580. The battle of Drom mac Eircke 
was given, where Colga mac Donell mic Mur- 
tough was slain, and Hugh mac Ainmireagh 
was victor." — x\nn. Clon. 

' Fearghus Scanned — According to the Dub- 
lin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, " Feargus 
Sganuil succeeded his brother Cairbre Crom as 
King of Desmond, in 577, and died in 584. But 
the testimony of these Annals, which were 
largely interpolated in 1760, should be received 
with great caution. 

" ^laenmaijh. — A level territory lying around 
the town of Loughrea, in the county of Galway. 
—See A. M. 3501, and note ", under A. D. 1235, 
p. 276. 



579.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRP^LANl). 



211 



The Age of Christ, 579. The twelfth year of Aedh. The battle of Druim 
Mic Earca\ [was gained] by Aedh, son of Ainmire, over the Cinel-Eogain, where 
was slain Colga, son of Domhnall, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach. 

The Age of Christ, 580. The thirteenth year of Aedh. Fearghus Scan- 
naP, King of Munster, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 581. The fourteenth year of Aedh. Aedh, son of 
Suibhne, chief of Maenmagh", died. 

The Age of Christ, 582. The fifteenth year of Aedh. Fearadhach, son 
of Duach, Lord of Osraighe^ was slain by his own people. 

The Age of Christ, 583. The sixteenth year of Aedh. St. Fearghus, 
Bishop of Druiai-Leathglaise", died on the 30th of March ; and this was the 
Fearghus who founded Cill mBian''. 

The Age of Christ, 584. The seventeenth year of Aedh. St. Nathcheimhe, 
Abbot of Tir-da-ghlas'', the brother of Caeimhghin', died on the first day of 
May. 

The Age of Christ, 585. The eighteenth year of Aedh. Breanainn", Lord 
of Teathbha [Tefiia], died. It was he that had, some time before, granted 



'' Osraiglie. — Now avglice Ossory. This ter- 
ritory anciently comprised the whole of the 

present diocese so called See note-i, under the 

year 1175. 

" Druim- Leatitglaise. — More generally called 
Dun-da-leath-ghlas: i.e. "arx diianim media- 
rum catenarum," now Downpatrick. — See Col- 
gan's Trias Thaum., p. 110, n. 39; a\so Acta SS., 
p. 193, where this passage is translated thus : 

" 583. S. Fergussitis, Episcopus Drom Leth- 
glassensis .i. Dunensis, ohiit 30 Martii. Et ipse 
extruxit [_Eccksiai!i] de K/U-mbian." — Quat. Mag. 

'' Cill mBian This name, which might be 

anglicised Kilbean or Kilmean, is now obsolete. 
— See Reeves's Antiquities of Down and Connor, 
ij'C, p. 144. This bishop would appear to have 
been a distinguished person, for his death, and 
the fact of his having founded Cill-mBian, are 
mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach at 584, 
and in those of Ulster at 583 and 589. 

2 E 



I" Tir-da-gJdas Now Terryglass, a small vil- 
lage in the barony of Lower Ormond, in the 
county of Tipperary, and about four miles to 
the north-west of Burrisokeane. In the Life of 
St. Fintan of Clonenagh, the situation of this 
place is described as follows : " Jacet" [Colum 
Mac Crimthainn] " in sua civitate quse dicitur 
Tir-daglas in terra Mvimoni» juxta fluvium 
Sinna." — See Ussher's Primord., p. 962, and 
Lanigan's Eccl. Hist., vol. ii. p. 76. No part of 
the ancient church of Terryglass now remains. 

' Caeimhghin : i. e. St. Kevin of Glendalough, 
in the county of Wicklow. 

" Breanainn. — See his death already mentioned 
under the year 573. It is entered in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, under 588, as follows : 

" A. D. 588. Hugh mac Brenayn, King of the 
country of Teffa, that granted Dorowe to St. 
Columhkille, died. The same year there was 
much frost and wind." 
•) 



212 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [586 

y^ain) Dfiimash do Oia, -] do Colom Cille. baercan, mac Caijiill, ]ii UloD, 



Decc. 



Qoip C]iio]^r, CU15 ceo oclirmo^ac ape. Q naoi Decc dQoD. S. Ddigh, 
eppcop, mac Caipill, Decc an 18 Qugupc. PemlimiD, mac Uijfpnaij^, |ii 
TTluman, oecc. Car TTloijIie Ochcaip pia mbpan OuB, mac Gacbach, pop 
Uib Nell ipin cealai;;^ op Cluain Conaipe a nDfp. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceD ochcmoT^oc apeaclir. Qn pichfcmaD bliaDam 
dQod. S. Caoplan, eppcop QpDa Tllacha, Decc, an cfrpamao Id picfr Do 
nihapca. S. Seanacli, eppcop 6 Cluain lopaipo, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceo oclicmojac a liochc. Q haon piclieac dQodIi. 
S. Qooh, mac bpicc, eppcop 6 Cill Clip, 1 TTIiDe, Decc 10 do Nouembep. 
LugliaiD Cip iiioip Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD ochcmojac anaoi. Q do piclieac dQodIi. S. TTIac- 
nipe, abb Cluana mic Noip, ppi pe pe mbliaban, Decc, 1 a ecc an 13 Do 
mi lun. 



'^Dearruliagh : i.e. Cawj3«« roiorwm (Bede, Hist, 
lib. iii. c. 4), now Durrow, in the north of the 

King's County See note ', under A. D. 1186, 

p. 71. 

' Baetan, son of Cairell. — His death is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster under the year 580, and 
again under 586, thus : 

" A. D. 580. Mors Baetain mic Cairill." 

" A. D. 586. Vel hie Mors Baetain mic Carill, 
regis Ulad." 

' Dai(]h, son of Cairell. — In the Irish Calen- 
dar of O'Clery, at 18lli August, he is called 
Bishop of Inis-caeiu-Deagha, in Couaille Muir- 
theinihne, now Iiiishkeen, in the county of 
Louth, adjoining the county of Monaghan. — 
See Colgan's Acta SS., pp. 348, 374. He was 
the fourth in descent from Eoglian, or Owen, 
the ancestor of the Kinel-Owen, and the person 
fruni wlidse hands Mochta, of Louth, received 
the viaticum. The Calendar of Casliel calls 
him " I'alier tani in ferro quam in a;re, ct scriba 
insignis." 

' Feidldimidh, son of Tighevnach. — His death 



is entered in the Annals of Ulster, at the year 
589, as follows: 

" A. D. 589. Mors Feidhlimthe, mic Tiger- 
naigh. Regis Mumhan." 

In the interpolated Dublin copy of the Annals 
of Innisfailen he is made only King of Desmond, 
[from 584 to 590], but this is one of Dr. O'Brien's 
intentional falsifications, to detract from the an- 
cient importance of the Eoganachts. 

■» Magh-Ochtair A plain in the barony of 

Ikeathy and Uachtar-fhine or Oughteranny, in 
the north of the county of Kildare. 

" Cluain- Conaire: i. e. Conaire's Lawn or Mea- 
dow ; now Cloncurry, in the same barony. In 
the Annals of Ulster this battle is noticed, under 
the year 589, as follows : 

" A. D. 589. Bcllum Maighe Ochtair re mBraii 
Dubh, mac Kacliach pop Uibh Neill." 

" Caerlan. — He was Archbishop of Armagh, 
" ex regione de O'Niallan oriuiidus," succeeded 
Feidhliniidh in 578, and died in 588.— Sec Har- 
ris's edition of Ware's Bishops, pp. 38, 39 ; and 
Colgan's Acta SS., p. 193. In the Annals of 



.580.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



213 



Dearmhagh'' to God and to Colum Cillc. Baetan, son of Cairell', King (if 
Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 586. The nineteenth year of Aedh. St. Daigh, bishop, 
son of Cairell\ died on the 18th of August. Feidhliniidh, son of Tighernacli', 
King of Munster, died. The battle of Magh-Oclitair'" [was gained] by Bran 
Dubh, son of Eochaidh, over the Ui-Neill, at the hill over Cluain-Conaire", 
to the south. 

The Age of Christ, 587. The twentieth year of Aedh. St. Caerlan", Bi- 
shop of Ard-Macha, died on the twenty-fourth day of March. St. Seanach, 
Bishop of Cluain-Iraird'', died. 

The Age of Christ, 588. St. Aedh, son of Breac, Bishop of Cill-Air'', in 
Meath, on the 10th of November. Lughaidh, of Lis-mor'', died. 

The Age of Christ, 589. The twenty-second year of Aedh. St. Macnise", 
Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois for a period of sixteen years, died on tlie thirteenth 
of the month of June. 



Glonmaonoise liis death is entered under the 
year 587. 

" Cluain-Iraird, now Clonard, in the south- 
west of the county of Meath. 

' Cill-Air Now Killare, an okl chui'ch giving 

name to a parish near tlie hill of Uisneach, in 
the barony of Kathconrath, and county of West- 

meath See note'', under A.D.I 18J. InO'Clery's 

Irish Calendar the festival of Aedh Mac Brie is 
marked at lOtli November, thus : 

" CIo6 moc 6pic 6pp. 6 ChiU Qip i tDioe, 
1 6 Shliulj Dicij5 1 oCip 6ojqaine, i ^Cinel Co- 
naiU, Qoip Cpiopc an can po faoiD a ppiopuD 
DO cum iiiitie, 588." 

" Aedh Mac Bi ic. Bishop of Killare, in Meath, 
and of Sliabh Liag, in Tir-Boghaine, in Kinel- 
Conncll. The Age of Christ when he resigned 
his spirit to heaven, 588." 

The ruins of this saint's chapel are still to be 
seen on the mountain of Slieveleague, in the ba- 
rony of Banagh, and county of Donegal. The 
death of Aedh filius Brie is also entered in the 
Annals of Ulster, at the year 588. Colgan has 



published an ancient Life of him at 28th Fe- 
bruary. He was also the founder and patron 
of Kathbugh, near Kilbeggan, in Westnieath. 

' Lis-mor : i. e. Atrium magnum. Now Lis- 
more, in the county of Waterford, where St. 
Carthach, or Mochuda, of Rathain, formed a 
great religious establishment about the year 
63.3 ; but there seems to have been a church 
there at an earlier period. Tighernach records 
the death of this Lughaidh, to whom he gives 
the alias name of Moluoc, at the year 691. — See 
Colgan's Acta Sauctorum, p. 539. 

* Macnise. — His death is entered in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, at the year 587, thus: 

" A. D. 587. Mac Nissi, an Ulsterman, third 
abbot of Clonvicknose, died in the 16th year of 
his place." 

His festival is entered in O'Clery's Irish Ca- 
lendar at 1 3th June, in which it is remarked 
that he was abbot of Clonmacnoise for sixteen 
years, and that he died in 590, under whicli 
year it is also recorded in the Annals of Ulster; 
l)Ut it appears, from certain criteria afforded by 



214 



awNaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



[590. 



Qoip Cpiopc, 01115 ceonochac. Qn rjieap tlianain pichfc dQod. Cach 
Guduihd moip jiia bpiacna, mac 6aerain, mic Caipill, nnic rnuipeaboij 
muinDfipcc, pop ^epciDe, mac l?oriain, cijfpna Ciannachccc. Qp Do pin Do 
paioliecioh, 

Qn peaclic nolle Do pej;a pian mic baorain 1 mbpfja, 
biaiD Ciannaclica 1 ppouc nf bac poicpi Do pour. 

Seanchan, mac Colinan moiji, do itiapbaD. S. l^r'S^T 6el6ip Do oipDneaD 
a gcafaoip 1 a gcomapbiip pfoaip appeal Dia aiiiiDeoin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD nocliac a haon. Q cfraip pichfc dQodIi. Q06 
Cfpp, mac Colmam, mic Coipppe, pi Lai^fn, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, C1115 ceo nochac a Do. Q C1115 piclifc dQodIi. Colum Cille, 
mac peaiblimiD, appeal Qlban, ceann cpabaib eprhoip Gpeann, ") Qlban lap 
bpaccpaicc, Decc ma ecclaip pfin in hi inoQlbain, lapp an ccuiccea6blia6ain 
rpiochao a oilirpe, oiDce Doitinaijh Do punDpob an 9 Id lunii. Seachc 
mblictDna peachcmo^acr a aoip uile an can po paoiDh a ppiopaic Docum 
Tiirhe, arhail apbfpap ipin pann, 

Ueopa bliaDna bai gan lep, Colum ina Ouibpejlep, 

LuiDh 50 haingli apa chachc, lop peachc mbliabna peaccmojar. 



these Annals, that the true year was 591, namely, 
" Defectio «)/«■, i. e. mane tenebi-osum." — See Art 
de Ver. les Dates, torn. i. p. G3. 

' Eadait-mnr : i.e. the Great Brow or Face of 
a Hill. This was the name of a hill in East 
Meath, but the name is now obsolete. It may 
have been the ancient name of Edenrath, near 
Navan — See Incjuisitions, Lagcnia, Meath 6, 
Jac. I. This entry is given in the Annals of 
Ulster under the year 59.3, thus : 

"A. D. 593. Ucl/iim Gerrtide, ri Ciannachte 
oc Eudonn nior ro mcabhaidh. Fiaehna mac 
Baetain, mic Caiiill, mic Muiredaig Muinderg, 
victoi- erat." 

" Cianachta: i.e. Cianachta-Breagh, in tlio 
east of Meath. 

"Seanchan. — This agrees v.ilh the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise. 



^ Gregory of the Golden Mouth. — Dr. O'Conor 
translates this, " S. Grerjnrius va/de sapiens;" 
but this is one of his innumerable childish mis- 
takes, which arc beneath criticism. The me- 
mory of this Pope was anciently much revered 
in Ireland, and he was honoured with the title 
oi Beloir, i. e. of the Golden Mouth, as we learn 
from Cummianus, in his letter to Segienus, 
abbot of lona, on the Paschal controversy: 

" Qnid plura? Ad Gregorii Papa;, urbis 
Roma; Episcopi (a nobis in commune suscepti, 
et oris aurei appellatione donati) verba me con- 
vcrti." — Ussher's Si/lloffe, first edition, p. 31 ; 
Second edition, p. 21, line 20. 

The Irish held the memory of this Pope in 
such veneration that their genealogists, finding 
that there were some doubts as to his genealogy, 
had no scruple to engraft him on the royal stem 



590.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 215 

The Age of Christ, 590. Tlie twenty-third year of Aedh. The battle of 
Eadan-mor' [was gained] by Fiachna, son of Baedan, son of Cairell, son of 
Muireadhach Muindearg, over Gerthidhe, son of Ronaii, Lord of Cianachta", 
of which was said : 

On the otlicr occasion, Avhen the soldiers of Baedan shall go into Breagh, 
The Cianachta shall be on the alert, they shall not be the next to the shot. 

Seanchan", son of Colman Mor,was slain. St. Gregory of the Golden Mouth" 
was appointed to the chair and successorship of Peter the Apostle, against his 
will. 

The Age of Christ, 591. The twenty-fourth j'ear of Aedh. Aedh Cerr, 
son of Colman, son of Cairbre, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 592. The twenty-fifth year of Aedh. Colurn Cille-\ 
son of Feidhlimidh, apostle of Alba [Scotland], head of the piety of the most 
part of Ireland and Alba, [next] after Patrick, died in his own church in Hy, 
in Alba, after the thirty-fifth year of his pilgrimage, on Sunday night precisely, 
the 9th day of June. Seventy-seven years was his whole age when he resigned 
his spirit to heaven, as is said in this quatrain : 

Three years without light was Colum in his Duibh-regles''; 

He went to the angels from his body, after seven years and seventy. 

of Conaire 11., the ancestor of the O'Falvys, " Colum Cille His death is entered in tlie 

O'Connells, and other families. His pedigree is Annals of Ulster, under the year 594, as follows: 
given as follows by the O'Clerys in their Ge- " A. D. 594. Quies Cohiim Cille ii. Idus Jtinii, 

nealogies of the Irish Saints : anno etatis stie /x.tv/." 

" Gregory of Rome, son of Gormalta, son of It is entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

Connla, son of Arda, son of Dathi, son of Core, under 590, thus: 

son of Conn, son of Cormac, son of Core " A. D. 590. St. Colunibkill died at" [on] 

Duibhne" [the ancestor of the Corca Duibhne,in " Whitsuntide eave, the 5th of the Ides of June, 

Kerry], "son of Cairbre Muse, son of Conaire." in the island of Hugh" [Hy or lona], "in the 

The Four Masters have given the accession 35th year of his pilgrimmage and banishment 

of this Pope under the true year. Gregory was into Scotland, and in the 77th year of his age, 

made Pope on the 13th of September, which as he was saying his prayers in the church of 

was Sunday, in the year 590, and died on the that isle, with all his moncks about him." 

12th of March, (504, having sat thirteen years, ' Didhh-regles This was the name of a church 

six months, and ten days 'iitie. Art de Ver. les erected by St. Columbkille at Derry See 

Dates, toni. i. p. 245. note ■=, under A. D. 1 173. 



216 



aNNa?.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[593. 



Ocilldn Po]i5aill ui,tic hoc Do bap Choluim Cille : 

]y lei^ep \ej;a jan lep, ip oebail ptnepa pe pmuaip, 

1)^ alipcin pe cpinc gan ceip, pinDe Deip ap napjain uaip. 

QoD Oiib, mac Suibne, pf Ulan, oo rhnpBab la Piaca, mac baercain. 
Qp lap an Qod1i nDiib pin copcbaip Oirqimairr mac Ceapbaill. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, CU15 ceD nocliac arpi. Q pe pichfc DQnnli. Cumapcach, 
mac Qooha, mic Qmimpech, 00 majibab la bpan Oub, mac Gachach, 1 nDun 
bucar, amail ap Kepc naorh QeDan eppcop : 

^uibim in coimoiu coitiaclicach, 1 pail Cille panoaipech 
r?obpi Dio^ail Comupccaij, juin Qooha mic Q nmipecli. 



' Dalian Foryaill. — He was a disciple of St. 
Columbkille, and wrote the poem called Ainlira 
Choluim Cille in praise of that saint. — Acta 
Sanctorum, p. 203 ; and O'Reilly's Irish Writers, 
p. 39. 

'' The Ceis Irish glossographers are not 

agreed on the meaning of this word. The most 
rational of all the conjectures they have left us 
is, that it was the name of the cpom ceo. or 
bass string of the harp. Another writer states 
that it was the name of a small harp which ac- 
companied a large harp. " Ceip ainm 00 cpuic 
bic bip 1 coinciicecccpuice mope." — SeeA/nhra 
Choluim Cille, in Leahhar-na-h Uidhri 

' Aedh Dubh : i. e. Hugh the Black. His death 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster, at the year 
587, as follows : 

"A. D. 587- -Vf'i" magna, et jugulatio Aedha 
Nigri mic Suibne m nave." 

This event is recorded by Adamnan in his 
Vita Coluinhw, lib. i. c. 36, where he gives the 
following chanicttr of this slayer of King Diar- 
maid : 

" Fiiidrliaiius Aidum cognonicnto Nigrum, 
Regio genereortumCruthiniura gen te.de Scotia" 
[i. e. Hibernia] " ad Britanniam sub clericatus 
liabitu secum adduxit, qui Aldus, valde sangui- 
narius homo, et niultoruin fucrat Irucidatur, ct 



Diermitium filium Cerbuill totius Scotioe Reg- 
natorem, Deo auctore ordinatum interfecerat, 
&c. Ordinatus vero indebite, dolo lancea trans- 
fixus, de prora ratis in aquam lapsus stagneam 
disperiit." 

Colgan, in a note on this passage, in his edi- 
tion of Adamnan's Vit. Columb., says, Trias 
Thaum., p. 379, that three anonymous authors 
who wrote on the Kings of Ulster, and whose 
works he had in his possession, state that this 
Aedh Dubh ("Aldus Niger, filius Suibnei, Rex 
Ultunia;, qui Diermitium, filium Kervalli, inte- 
remit") was slain by the Crutheni in a ship. 

'' Dun-Bucat. — Now Dunboyke, a townland 
containing the remains of a du)t, or earthen fort, 
and a grave-yard, in the parish of Hollywood, 
barony of Lower Talbotstown, and county of 
Wicklow. In the Annals of Ulster the death 
of this Cuniasgach is entered under the year 
59G, thus : 

" A. D. 596. Occisio Cumasgaidli, mic Aeda, 
la Bran Dubh mac nEchach i nDuii-Buchat." 

According to the ancient historical tract 
called the Borumha-Laighean, this Cumascach 
set out on his royal, free-quarter, juvenile visi- 
tation of Ireland, on which he was resolved to 
have the wife of every king or chieftain in Ire- 
land for a night I He first set out for Leinster, 



593.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 

Dalian Forgaill-' composed this ou the death of Colum Cille : 



217 



Like the cure of a physician without light, like the separation of marrow from 

the bone, 
Like a song to a harp without the Cew'', are we after being deprived of our 

noble. 

Aedh Dubh", son of Suibhne, King of Ulidia, was slain by Fiachna, son of 
Baedan. It was by this Aedh Dubh Diarmaid Mac Cearbhaill had been slain. 

The Age of Christ, 593. The twenty-sixth year of Aedh. Cumuscach, 
son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, was slain by Bran Dubh, son of Eochaidh, at 
Dun-Bucaf^, as the Bishop St. Aedhan*" said : 

I implore tlie powerfid Lord, near Cill-Ranuairech'', 

It was he that took revenge of Comuscach, that slew Aedh mac Ainmirecli. 



ivith four battalions, and crossed the River Righ 
(the Rye Water), which was the boundary be- 
tween that province and Meath. He advanced 
to Bealach-Chonglais, now Baltinglas, where 
Bran Dubh, King of Leinster, resided (at Rath- 
bran, near Bantinglas). He sent for the wife 
of Bran Dubh, who came to him, and requested 
tliat he would not detain her until slie had 
exhibited her hospitality in distributing food 
among his attendants. This request was granted ; 
but the Queen of Leinster, instead of remaining 
to wait on his hosts, fled, like an honest woman, 
from her palace, and betook herself to the fast- 
nesses of the lonely forest of Dun-Buichet. 
After this the King of Leinster, attired in the 
garb of a menial, set fire to the house in which 
was the young libertine, Cumascach, who, dress- 
ing himself in the clothes of one of his satirical 
poets, climbed to the ridge-pole (if the hole, and, 
making his way out, escaped the flames, and fled 
to Monaidh-Cumascaigh, at the end of the Green 
of Cill-Rannairech [now Kilranelagh], where 
Loichine Lonn, Erenagh of that church, and 
ancestor of the family of O'Louain, who disco- 
vered who he was, cut off his head, and carried 



it to Rath-Bran Duibh, where he presented it to 
the King of Leinster, who, for this signal ser- 
vice, granted perpetual freedom (or exemption 
from custom or tribute) to the church of Cill- 
Rannairech. 

The Monarch Aedh Mac Ainmirech, hearing 
of the fate of his son, marched an army into 
Leinster, and fought the battle of Dunbolg. 

' Aedhaii: i. e. Maedhog, or Mogue, Bishop 
of Ferns, who died in the year 624. 

' CiU-Eaiinairech. — Now Kilranelagh, near 
Baltinglass, in the county of Wicklow. Dr. 
O'Conor translates Cill-Rannairech, "ecclesia ad 
manifestandum supra omnes," but this is ab- 
surd, for it is the name of a church even at the 
present day, signifying cell or church of Ran- 
naii'e, a man's name. In the ancient historical 
tract called Boruinha-Laighean two lines of this 
quatrain are given thus: "5"'0"ti comDib cu- 
inaccac, coinpiD ciUe Runnoipec." " I pray 
the [al]mighty Lord, the principal incumbent 
of Cill-Rannairech ;" and it is added that the 
whole poem was written in another part of the 
book: '•'■Alibi in hoc libra scr-ijmmvs ;'" but it 
is not now to be found in any of the copies. 



2 F 



218 



aNwata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[594. 



Cach SleBe Cuae, hi ITlutTiain, pop TTluimnfchaib, bpioclina pm mac 
mbaooain. Uiobpaioe, mac Caljaij, Dccc. 

Qoip CpiojT, CU15 ceD nocliac a cffaip. lap mbfir peace mbliaDna picfc 
1 piglie nGpeaiin dQodIi, mac Ctinmipech, mic Searna, copcaip la bpan Oub, 
TTiac 6arbacli, 1 ccach Oum bolcc i ICaijrub, ap nool dQoo 00 rabacb na 



" Sliahli-Cua. — Now SlieveGua, in the north- 
west of the county of Waterford See note ', 

under A. M. 3790, p. 48, supra. 

'' Dun-holr/: i. e. Fort of the Sacks. This place 
is described in the historical tract called the 
Borumlia-Laii/hcan, as situated to the south of 
Dun-Buchat [now Dunboyke, near Hollywood, 
in the county of Wicklow], not far from a church 
called Cill-Belat, now Kilbaylet, near Donard, 
in the same county. The following is a brief 
outline of the account of the battle of the road 
or pass of Dun-bolg, as given, with varieties of 
most curious fabulous details, in this ancient 
historical story. 

When the monarch Aedh, son of Ainmire, 
heard, at his palace of Aileach, in Ulster, that his 
son Comuscach bad been killed at Dun-Buchat, 
he assembled the forces of Leath-Chuiun, and 
marched at their head to the River liighe, on the 
confines of Meath and Leinster ; and proceeded 
thence directly for the place where his son had 
been killed, and pitched his camp at Baeth- 
Eabha, close to Dun-Buaice. When Bran Dubh, 
King of Leinster, who was staying at a place 
called Scadhairc [Skerk], in the south of Ui- 
Ceinnsealaigh, heard of the monarch's arrival 
with his army at the Righe, he moved north- 
wards for his principal fort of Rath-Brain Duibli 
[now Rathbran], near Bealach Conghlais, or 
Baltinglass, and passed over Mointeach, Muin- 
chin, Daimhne [the Deeps], Etar, Ard-Choillidh, 
and Ard-niBrcsta, and, crossing the River Slaine 
[SlaUey], proceeded over the land of Fe to Bea- 
lach-Dubhthaire, now Bealach-Chonghlais. Here 
he was met by Bishop Aidan, the monarch's half 
brother, wIkj informed him that the monarch 



of Ireland had pitched his camp near Dun- 
Buaice. Bran-Dubh despatched him thither 
to request an armistice from the monarch until 
he should muster his forces, when he would 
either come upon terms of peace or give him 
battle. The bishop went on this embass}', but 
the monarch refused to comply with this re- 
quest, and addressed his half-brother. Bishop 
Aidan, in insulting language, and the latter 
resented it by predicting his doom. The mo- 
narch then marched with his forces to Bealach 
Dun-bolg, which evidently extended along Hol- 
lywood Glen, and over the great, flat, rocky 
surface called Lee Comaigh-cnamh [Flag of the 
broken Bones], and onward through Bearna- 
na-sciath, i. e. the Gap of the Shields, at Kil- 
belat [Kilbaylet], where he pitched a fortified 
camp in a strong position. 

The Bishop Aidan returned to Bran-Dubh, 
and informed him that the monarch of Ireland 
was encamped at Kilbelat, and that he had 
treated him with indignity. The King of Lein- 
ster then asked the bishop what was best to be 
done, as he had not time to muster his forces, 
and the bishop advised him to have recourse to 
a stratagem which he planned for him, and 
which ultimately proved successful. Bran-Dubh 
and the bishop then set out to reconnoitre the 
royal camp, and they arrived, accompanied by 
120 young heroes, on the side of Sliabh Neach- 
tain, a mountain which then received its pre- 
sent name of Sliabh Cadaigh, and they per- 
ceived what appeared to them to be numerous 
flocks of birds, of various colours, hovering 
over the camp. These they soon recognised to 
be the standards and ensigns of the Ui-Neill, 



594.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



219 



The battle of Sliabli-Cua*^, in Munster, [was gained] over the Munstermen 
by Fiachna, son of Baedan. Tibraide, son of Calgach, died. 

The Age of Christ, 594. After Aedh, son of Ainmire, son of Sedna, had 
been twenty-seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Bran 
Dubh, son of Eochaidh, in the battle ofDun-bolg\ in Leinster, after Aedh had 



floating from poles and spears over their tents 
and pavilions ; and tlie bishop, after encouraging 
the King of Leinster and his attendants by 
recounting the mighty deeds achieved by their 
ancestors, departed for his church. 

After this Bran-Dubh saw a great multitude 
of people on the mountain of Sliabh Neachtain, 
near him; and, being reinforced by his house- 
hold and some of the men of Leinster, who were 
now flocking to his assistance from every quar- 
ter, he surrounded this multitude, and took 
them prisoners. These were the men of Ulidia, 
with their king, Diarmaid, son of Aedh Roin, 
who, being the hereditary enemies of the Eace 
of Conn Ceadchathach, were glad to desert to 
the enemy; and they formed a solemn treaty of 
friendship with the Leinstermen ; in commemo- 
ration of which they erected a earn on the 
mountain, and changed its name of Sliabh 
Neachtain, i. e. Nechtan's Mountain, to Sliabh 
Cadaigh, i. e. the Mountain of the Covenant 
(which name it retains to this day, though 
somewhat disguised under the anglicised form 
of Slieve Gadoe). Then Bran Dubh told the 
Ulidians to separate from the monarch, and 
they retired to the insulated piece of land ever 
since called Liis-Uladh, i. e. the Island of the 
Ulidians. After this the King of Leinster 
asked who would go to spy the camp of the 
monarch of Ireland for a rich reward, and Eon 
Kerr, son of the chief Imail, undertook the dif- 
ficult task, in the garb of a leper. He rubbed 
his body and face all over with rye dough, 
moistened with the blood of a calf; fixed his 
knee into the socket of a wooden leg, which he 
borrowed from a cripple, and put on an ample 

2 F 



cloak, under which he concealed his sword; and, 
to complete the deception, he carried with him 
a begging wallet. In this plight he repaired to 
the royal camp, and presented himself at the 
door of the monarch's pavilion. He was asked 
for tidings, and he replied : " I came from Kil- 
belat ; this morning I went to the camp of the 
Leinstermen, and, in my absence, some persons 
[certainly not Leinstermen] came and destroyed 
my cottage and my church, and broke my quern 
and my spade." The king made answer, that 
should he himself survive that expedition, he 
would give him twenty milch cows as eric, or 
reparation for this injury ; and, inviting the 
leper into his pavilion, asked him what the 
Leinstermen were doing. The leper, disguising 
his manly voice and martial expression of eye 
and features as much as he could, said that 
they were preparing victuals for the monarch 
and his army. The monarch, however, suspect- 
ing, from the expression of the eye of Ron Kerr, 
that he was not a real leper, but a warrior sent 
in disguise to spy the camj), despatched Dubh- 
duin, chief of Oirghialla, with the forces of his 
territory, to Bun-Aife [Buniff] and Cruaidh- 
abhall, to prevent the Leinstermen from sur- 
prising the camp. 

Now Bran Dubh had all things arranged for 
the stratagem which Bishop Aidan had planned. 
He had 3600 oxen carrying hampers, in which 
armed soldiers were concealed, though they 
seemed to be filled with provisions; he had also 
150 untamed horses, for a puipose which will 
presently appear, and a huge candle ; the light 
of which was concealed under the regal cauldron. 
With these he set out, in the depth of the night, 

2 



220 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca eiReoNN. 



[595. 



boporiia, -| do Diojail a mic Cbomufccoi^ po]ipa. Uopcpacaii fqioile paop 
clanna ij^in each fin bealoij Ouin bolj, im becc, mac Cuanach, cijfjina 
Qipjiall. Qf DO bap Qoba Do paibeab : 

Q mbuac, pfinif an conn pjii bpuach, 

Qcpec pcela, cia pa ['Cic, QodIi, mac C(nim'|ieacli po bfch. 

ben QeDa cecinic. 

barop lonmmne cpi caoib, ppip nacli ppeip^e aicfppacli, 
Uaoban caillcfn, caoB Ufriipa pcaob Qo6a, mic Ctinmipeach. 

Qoip Cpiopc, C1115 ceD nocliac a cuij. Qn ceo blianain nQob Slame, mac 
mic Diapmaca, mic pfpsupaCrppbeoil,-] do Colman l?imib, i pi^^e nSpeann. 
S. baoicin, mac bpeanainn, abb lae Choloim CiUe, Decc an 9 luine. Qili- 
rhip, abb Cluana mic Noip, Decc. 



for the monarcli's camp. When the Oirghialla, 
who were posted at Bun-Aife, heard the din and 
the tumult of this host, — the snorting of the 
horses and the lowing of the loaded oxen, — they 
started to arms, and asked who were the party- 
advancing. The others made answer that they 
were the calones of Leinster who were conveying 
victualsforthe entertainment of the people of the 
King of Ireland. The Oirghialla, on examining 
the tops of the hampers, felt the dressed provi- 
sions, and their king, Dubhduin or Beg mac 
Cuanach, said, " they are telling the truth ; let 
them pass." The Leinstermen advanced to the 
centre of the monarch's camp, and there, on a 
hill called ever since Candle-hill, they removed 
the king's cauldron off the great candle, and its 
light was seen far and wide. They were fol- 
lowed by the Oirghialla, who wished to partake 
of the King of Leinster's hospitality. " What 
great light is this we see," said the monarch to 
the leper. The leper replied : " the Leinstermen 
have arrived with their provisions, and this is 
their light." The stratagem was now effocted. 
Small bags, filled with stones, were fastened to 
the tails of the wild horses, which were let 
loose among the tents of the men of Ireland; 



the oxen were disencumbered of their bur- 
dens, and the Leinster soldiers issued from the 
hampers, grasped their swords, raised their 
shields, and prepared for fighting. The leper 
also cast off his wooden leg, and handled his 
sword. The Kinel-Connell and Kinel-Owen, 
perceiving that the camp was surprised, si^rang 
up, and, forming a rampart of spears and shields 
around the monarch of Ireland, conveyed him 
on his steed to Bearna-na-sciath. The leper, 
Eon Kerr, pursued the monarch with a select 
party of Leinstermen, and after much desperate 
fighting unhorsed him, and cut off his head 
on a flat rock called Lec-Comaigh-cnamh. He 
emptied his wallet of the crumbs which he had 
got in the royal pavilion, and put into it the head 
of the monarch. He then passed unobserved in 
the darkness of the night, from the confused 
fight which ensued, into the wild recesses of 
the mountain, where he remained till morning. 
The Leinstermen routed the Ui-Neill and Oir- 
gliialla with great carnage, and slow, among 
others, Beg, the son of Cuanach, chief of Oir- 
ghialla. 

On the following day Ron Kerr, son of Dubh- 
anach, thief of luiaile, presented Bran Dubh with 



5<J5. 



AiNNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



•221 



gone to exact the Borumha, and to avenge his son Comusgach upon them. 
Some nobles fell in this battle of Bealach Duin-bob- together with Beir, son oil 
Cuanach, Lord of Oirghialla. Of the death of Aedli was said : 

At Buac, the wave buffets the brink, 

News were heard, who, in weariness, slew Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

The wife of Aedh' cecinit : 

Three sides were dear, from which to change is [afr(3rds] no hope. 

The side of Tailltin, the side of Teamhair, and the side of Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

The Age of Christ, 595. The first year of Aedh Slaine'', son of the son 
ofDiarmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, and of Colman Rimidh, in the so- 
vereignty of Ireland. St. Baeithin', son of Brenainn, Abbot of la-Choluim Cille 
[lona], died on the 9th of June. Ailithir", Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. 



the head of the monarch, Aedh, son of Ainmire ; 
and he obtained from the king the privilege of 
dining at the royal table, and his paternal in- 
heritance free of tribute to him and his repre- 
sentatives for ever. In the vei'y ancient Life of 
St. Aidan, or Maidocus, published by Colgan, 
at 31st January, we find the following passage, 
which very curiously agrees with this historical 
tale : 

" Iste [Brandub] vir astutissimus et valde 
probus in militia, erat, et ageiis astute, iutravit 
audaciter in castra inimicorum, et occidit ipsum 
regem Hibernia;, ^Edum filium Ainmirech ; et 
maximam csedem nobilium virorum totius Hi- 
bernite cum eo fecit." — Trias Thaum., p. 211. 

The Annals of Ulster record this battle of 
Dun-bolg under the year 597, and the Annals 
of Tighernach under 598, which last is the true 
year. Ussher states that after the fall of Aedh I., 
son of Ainmire, King of Ireland, in the battle 
of Dunbolg, Brandubh, King of Leinster, is said 
to have bestowed his seat at Ferns upon Aedan, 
but also that he made it the metropolis of all 
Leinster Primordia, p. 965. 

^ The wife of Aedh. — Written 6ean Oeoha 
by Cucogry O'Clery in his copy of the Leabhar 



Gabhala, p. 184. Dr. O'Conor translates this 
" Beatus Aodha," in his edition of these Annals, 
p, 178. 

'■ Aedh Slaiiie, <|-c The commencement of 

the reign of these joint monarchs is recorded in 
the Annals of Ulster at the year 597. 

' Baeitliin. — " A. D. 597. Quies Baetini Abb 
la."— Ann. Ult. 

He was a distinguished scribe, and the near 
relative and intimate companion of St. Columb- 
kille. He was the son of Brenainn, who was son 
of Muireadhach, who was St. Columbkille's uncle. 
His principal church was Teach Baithaein, now 
Taughboyne, in the barony of Eaphoe, and 
county of Donegal, where his festival was kept 
on the 9th of .June, which was also St. Columlj- 
kille's day. Ussher places his death in the year 
598, but Colgan places it in 600, because he 
finds that he lived four years after the death of 
St. Columbkille, who died in 596. Adaninan 
makes special mention of him in his Vita Co- 
lumbir, lib. i. cc. 2, 23, and lib. iii. c. 4. It is 
stated in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, A. D. 596, 
that he died in the sixty-sixth year of his age. 

» Ailithir.—" A. D. 598. Ailitir, Abbas Cluana 
mac N ois jiausat." — Ann. Ult. 



222 



QNNa^a Rio^hachca en?eaNN. 



[596. 



Qoip Cjiiopc, ciiig ceD nochar ape. Qn Dapa blia6ain t)Qo6 Slaine,-] t)o 
Colnian. S. Sniche, ojli 6 Cluain lech cfngaD, r»ecc, an naorhab let Do No- 
uembep Suibne, mac Colmain bice, cijfpna TTliOe, Do rhajibab la I1Q06 
Sldiiie 1 mbiiioaiTi. 

Qoip Cpiopr, CV115 ceo nocliac apeachc. Qn cpeap bliaDain dQod "] Do 
Colman. bemenna bpan Duib itn bpf^lioibli. bpenainn, mac Coipppe mic 
pecine, cijfpna Ua ITIaine, oecc. 

Cauh Slfiiina TTIirie pia Colman TJimiD pop Conall Cu, mac QoDha, mic 
Qinmipeac, 1 po meabaib pop Conall. Cacb Ciiile caol pia bpiacna mac 
baocam, pop piaclina, mac Oemain, agup po meabaiD an cacli pop piachna 
macDemain. Uoca, macQoDha, mic Carbach Uiopmcapna, pij Connaclica, 
Decc. GocliaiD, mac Oiapmacca, epp'cop -] abb Qpoa TTlcica, Decc. 



° Sinche. — This name is more usually written 
Sineach, in the nominative form. The memory 
of this virgin is still venerated at Cill-Sinclie, 
now Kilshine, near Navan, in East Meath, and 
at Teach-Siuche, now Taughshinny, near Bal- 
lymahon, in the county of Longford. The lat- 
ter is probably the place called Cluaiu leththen- 
gadh in the text. 

" Bri-damh: i. e. the Hill of the Oxen, which 
was the name of a hill over a stream called 
Suainiu, in the parish and barony of Geshill, 

King's County See note % under A. M. 3501, 

p. 28, supra. Dr. O'Conor translates this as 
follows : 

" Suibneus filius Colmanni Parvi Princcps 
Midise occisus per Aodhum Slanensem tyran- 
nice." 

But tyrannke is incorrect, as Dr. O'Conor 
might have learned from Colgan, who trans- 
lates it thus : 

" Anno Christi 596. Subneus filius Cohnani 
sou Columbani cognomento parvi" (Magni ut 
reor rectius) " Princeps Media;, interfectus est 
per Aidum Slane in loco qui Brig-dham appel- 
latur." — Trias Thaum., p. 376, n. 54. 

This entry is given in the Annals of Ulster 
at the year SliU, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 



noise at 597, as follows : 

"A. D. 599. Jugulatio Suibne, mic Colmain 
Moir, mic Diarmata Derg, mic Fergusa Cer- 
bheoil, mic Conaill Cremthaine, mic Neill Nai- 
giallaig, la liAed Slaine, ic Bridam for Suainiu 
i. e. riviilus.'''' 

" A. D. 599. The killing of Suibhne, son of 
Colman Mor, son of Diarmaid Derg, son of 
Fearghus Cerbheoil, son of Conall Cremhthaine, 
son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, by Aedh 
Slaine, at Bri-damh, over the Suainiu, a stream." 
— Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 597. Swyne mac Colman was killed 
by King Hugh Slane, at the river called Swa- 
niou." — Ann. Clon. 

Adamnan has a distinct notice of the killing 
of this Suibhne by the King Aedh Slaine, in 
his Vita Colmnb., lib. i. c. 14, where he says 
that St. Columbkille had forewarned him not to 
be guilty of fratricide, for that if he should his 
reign would be brief. His words are as fol- 
lows : 

" Prophetia beati viri de filio Dermitii Eegis, 
qui Aldus Slane lingua nomiuatus est Scotica. 

" Alio in tempore, cum vir beatus in Scotia 
per aliquot demoraretur dies, ad supradictmn 
Aidum ad se veuientem, sic proj>hetice locutus, 



596.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



•223 



The Age of Christ, 596. The second year of Aedli Slaine and of Colman. 
St. Siuche", virgin, of Ciuain-lethtlieangadli, died on the ninth day of November. 
Suiblmc, son of Cohnau Beg, Lord of Mcath, was slain Ijy Aedli Slaino, at Bri- 
damli". 

The Age of Christ, 597. The third year of Aedh and Cohnaii. The sword- 
blows'" of Bran Dubh in Breagh. Brenainn, son of Cairbre^ son of Fechine, 
Lord of Ui-Maine, died. 

The battle of Sleamhain'', in Meath, [was fonght] by Colman Rimidh against 
Conall Cu^ son of Aedh, son of Ainniire; and Conall was defeated. The battle 
of Cuil-Cael*, by Fiachna, son of Ba3dan, against Fiachna, son of Deman ; and 
the battle was gained against Fiachna, son of Deman. Uata", son of Aedh, son 
of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, King of Connaught, died. Eochaidh, son of Diar- 
maid"^. Bishop and Abbot of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. 



ait ; PriEcavere debes, fill ne tibi a Deo totiiis 
Ibernijfi Regni prferogatiuain Monarchic prre- 
destinatam parricidali facieute peccato amittas : 
nam si quandoque illud commiseris, non toto 
Patris Eegno, sed eius aliqua parte in geute 
tua, breui frueris tempore. Qua; verba Sancti 
sic sunt expleta secundum eius vaticinationem : 
nam post Suibneum filium Columbani dolo ab 
eo interfectum, non plus (vt fertur) quam qiia- 
tuor annis et tribus mensibus regni concessa 
potitus est parte." — See deatli of Aedh Slaine, 
A. D. 600. 

P SiDOrd-blows. — This means that Bran Dubh, 
King of Leinster, overran Bregia in East Meath 
with the sword. 

1 Brenainn, son of Cairhre " A. D. 600. 

Terre motus in Bairrchi. Mo7'S Brendain mic 
Coirpri mic Feichine. Sic inveni in libra Cua- 
iiach.'" — Aiin. Ult. 

' Sleamhain Now Slewen, a townland near 

MuUingar, in the county of Westmeath, now 
divided into two parts, of which the larger is 
called Slewenmore, and the smaller Slewenbeg. 
See note °, under the year 492. See also the pub- 
lished Inquisitions, Lagenia, Westmeath, No. 68, 
Car. L This battle is noticed in the Annals of 



Ulster twice ; first at the year 600, and again 
at 60 1 ; and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 
601, as follows : 

" A. D. 600. Betlmn Sleuue, et Bellum Cuile 
coil." 

"A. D. 601. Bellum in quo Colman Rimed, 
rex Generis Euguin victor erat et Conall Cuuu 
mac Aeda mic Ainmirech, fugitivus evasit." 

" A. D. 601. The Battle of Sleawyn in Meath 
was given, where King Colman Eivea was victor, 
and Conall Cowe, son of King Hugh Aiuini- 
reagh, put to flight." — A7in. Clon. 

" Conall Cu — Colgan thinks that he was the 
same as Conall Clogach, who insulted St. Co- 
lumbkille at the Convention of Druim-Ceat. — 
See Trias Thaum., pp. 431, 452. 

' Cuil-Cael: i. e. the Narrow Corner or Angle. 
This place, which was situated either in the 
county of Down or Antrim, is unknown to the 
Editor. 

" Uata, son of Aedh. — "A. D. 601. Mors 
Huatach mac Aedo." — Ann. Ult. 

'Eochaidh, son of Diarmaid. — According to 
Ware, this prelate succeeded in 588, and died 
in 598. — See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
p. 39. 



224 



awwa^a i^io^hachca eiReawN. 



[598. 



Qoi]'' Cpioy^c, CU15 ceo nochar a lioclic. Qn cfriiarhaD bliabain lQo6 -] 
DO Colman. S. Cainnech, abb QchaiD bo, Deg an 11 oOcrobeji ia]i nibfir 
ceiqie bliciDiia oclicmo^ac ina beachaib. Carh 6achpoip 1 Tiniii]i;upc pia 
Colman c<>ipech Cenel Coi|ip)ie pop TTiaolcochaigh, coipeac Ceneoil piach- 
pach miiipipce,"] po nieabaioh an each pin pop maolcocliaij. 

Qoip C]iio]'r, pe ceD. S. Comgall bfnocaip abb bfnDcaip Ula6, Decc, 
an oeaclirhab Id 00 mf TTlaii, io]i inbfir caoja bliabain rpi nii "| Deich let 1 
naboame bCnocaip. Nochac bliabain a aoip. S. Colman, mac (,emne, Decc. 
8. Laippen, j. ab TTIfna opoichir, Decc. 



' Achadh-ho. — Translated " campulus bovis" 
by Adamnan, in bis Vita Columb., lib. ii. c. 31 ; 
apud Colgan, Trias Thaum., p. 345 ; and " ager 
hown" in a Life of St. Canice, quoted by Ussher, 
Primord., p. 957. It is now anglicised Agliaboe, 
and is a townland and parish in the barony of 
Upper Ossory, in the Queen's Covmty. In the 
Annals of Ulster the death of St. Cainnech is 
entered under the years 598 and 599; and in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 597, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 598. Cluies Cainig in Achaid bo, ut 
Cuana docct." 

"A. D. 599. Quies Cainig Sancti, et Belhmi 
Saxonum in quo victus est Aed." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 597. Canneagh of Acha Boe, named 
Saint Kenny, in the 84th year of his age, died." 
— Ann. Clon. 

This saint is mentioned by Adamnan in his 
Vita Cohiml)., lib. i. c. 4 ; and lib. iii. c. 21. — 
See Ussher's Primoi-dia, pp. 907, 957. In 
O'Clery's Irish C'cdendar his festival is set down 
under the 1 1 th of October, and it is stated 
that his principal church was Achadh-bo, and 
that he had another church at Cill-Kighmonaidh 
(now St. Andrews) in Alba. From this saint, 
according to Archbishop Ussher, I'riniordia, 
p. 957, the town of Kilkenny, which is at this 
day pronounced in Irish CiU Cliuinni^, i. e. cella 
sivefanum Canicii, Canice's cell or church, takes 
its name. But Dr. Lcdwich has attempted to 



show, without any authority, that Kilkenny is 
compounded of Kyle-ken-ui, which he interprets 
loooded head near the river ; but his Irish and 
translation are equally groundless ; and the 
error is the more inexcusable in this writer, as 
he had the grave authority of Ussher and others 
to guide him. — See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical His- 
tory of Ireland, vol. iL p. 202. 

'■ Eachros : i. e. the Headland or Promontory 
of the Horses, now Aughris, a townland in 
which formerly stood a priory, situated in the 
north of the parish of Templeboy, barony of 
Tircragh, and county of Sligo. — See Genealogies, 
Tribes, tj-c, of Hy-Fiachracli, p. 138. 

' iluirisc : i. e. the Sea-plain, a district in 
the barony of Tireragh, and county of Sligo, 
extending from the Kiver lascaigh [Easkey] 
eastwards to the stream which flows into the 
sea between the townlands of Ballyeskeen and 

Dunuacoy See Ordnance Map of the county 

of Sligo, sheet 12. See also Genealogies, Tribes, 
ij-c, of II)j-Fiachrach, p. 257, note ^ and the 
map to the same work. 

" Cinel-Cairbre. — Tliese were the race of 
Cairbre, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
Monarch of Ireland, who were at this period 
seated in the barony of Carbury, and county of 
Sligo, to which barony they gave name. — See 
Geiie(dogies, Tribes, cj-f. of Ily-Fiachrach, p. 279, 
line 1. 

'' Cind-Fiachrach ofMuirisc, — These were the 



598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2Sfe 



The Age of Christ, 598. The fourth year of Aedh and Cohnan. St. Cuin- 
nech, Abbot of Aclladh-bo^ died on the 11th of October, after having been 
eighty-four years in [this] Ufe. The battle of Eachros'', in Muirisc", by Colman, 
chief of Cinel-Cairbre'', against Maelcothaigh, chief of Cincl-Fiachrach, of Mui- 
risc''; and the battle was gained over Maelcothaigh. 

The Age of Christ, 600. St. Corahgall, of Beannchair, abbot of Beannchair- 
Uladh^ died on the tenth day of the month of May, after having been thirty 
years, three months, and ten days, in the abbacy of Bangor. His age was 
ninety years. St. Colman, son of Leinin'', died. St. Laisren, abbot of Mena- 
droichif, died. 



inhabitants of the barony of Tir-Fhiachracli, 
now Tireragh, in the county of Sligo. 

'Beannchair- Uladh : i. e. Beannchair of Ulidia, 
now Bangor, in the north-east of the county of 
Down. The word Beannchair, which frequently 
enters into the topographical names throughout 
Ireland, signifies horns, peaks, or pointed hills 
or rocks. The present place is said to have 
derived its name from a vast number of cows' 
horns, which were scattered about the plain 
on one occasion that Breasal Bealach, King of 
Leinster, encamped there, after having plun- 
dered Scotland See Reeves's EcclesiaMical An- 
tiquities of Down and Connor, ^-c, p. 200. 

For some account of St. Comhgall, who was 
a disciple of St. Fintan of Clonenagh, and the 
tutor of the celebrated Columbanus of Bobbio, 
and the founder of the great monastery of 
Beannchair, or Bangor, in Ard-Uladh (Ards, in 
the county of Down), the reader is referred to 
Ussher's Primordia, pp. 911, 956; Colgan's 
Acta Sanctorum, pp. 73, 541 ; Archdall's Monas- 
ticon Hiher., pp. 106-110; and Lanigan's Eccle- 
siastical History of Ireland, vol. ii. pp. 60, 66, 
et seq. Ware says that this place received its 
name from " White Choir," which he thinks is 
Banckor in Irish, but it is never so written by 
the Irish Annalists (See Tighernach, ad ann.558) ; 
and, though Colgan and De Burgo seem to ap- 
prove of this interpretation, it is quite certain 

2 



that it is nothing more than an ingenious con- 
jecture. 

The Annals of Ulster record, " Qia'es Comguil 
Beanchuir," at the year 601 ; and the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise at 600, as follows : 

" A. D. 600. Cowgal, Abbot of Beanchor, in 
the 90th year of his age, and in the 50th year 
of his abbotship and three months, died." 

'' St. Cohnan, son of Laisren. — He was the first 
founder of the church of Cluain-Umha, now 
Cloyne, in Ui-Leithain, in the now county of 

Cork See Colgan's Acta Sanctorttm, p. 309; 

and Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 573. 
Colgan says that he wrote a Life of St. Senanus 
of Inis-Cathaigh, of whicli he (Colgan) had a 
fragment, '■'■stylo vetusto et pereleganti jiatrio ser- 
mone conscriptum." — Acta Sanctorum, p. 339, 
n. 15. Ware says that this saint died on the 
4th of November, A. D. 608 : and hence Harris 
doubts whether "one Colman, the son of Lenin, 
whose festival was kept at Cloyne on the 24 th 
of November, was the same as this bishop;" 
but he should have learned that the Feilire 
Aenfjuis, O'Clery's Irish Calendar, and all the 
Martyi-ologies, place the festival of the founder 
of the church of Cloyne under the 24th of 
November, and that the 4th is a mere inadver- 
tent mistake of Ware. 

' Menadroichit : i. e. Mena Bridge. " 3Ien no- 
men amnis, i hi Cuigip cica, i. e. Men, is the name 



2-56 



QMNa^a ijio^hachca eiReoNM. 



[600. 



lap mbeic pe bliaDna In jnjlie nGpeann dQodIi Sldine, mac Oiapmacra, 
1 oo Colman l?inii6, mac baecain, mic ITluipceaiicaij, mic TTlunieaDoi j, mic 
Gojain, mic Nell, do cfp ona Colman PimiD la Locban Oiolmana, copcaip 
CtoD Sldine la Conall n^iiirliinn, mac Suibne, mic Colmain TTIoip, no bicc, 
mic Oiapmarca, mic Ceapbiiill ag Loch SemoiDe. Qob ^upcan, comalca 
Conaill, "] baochjal bile pon guinp fcop, conao Dia noioeaohaib ay pubpab. 

Ceou pigbe ceDu peachc, ceou nfpc pop piojpaba, 
GniD Colman PimiD pi, pombi Cochan Oiolmana. 
Ni ba haipmipc inD aiple, Do na liocaibh UuaiD Cuipbe, 
Conall pombi QoD Sldine, QodIi Sldme pombii Suibne. 

Conall, mac Suibne, Din oo mapbaD Qooha T?oin, coipiocli Ua pailje, In 
pairce mic ITIencnain, -\ Qooli buioe, coipeacli Ua TTlaine, ipin 16 cearna in 
po mapbaD Qooli Slaine laip. Qp Dpopaicmfc na neclir pin po paibeaD. 

ba po mop an piiab ciima, pop piojpaib Gpeann uile, 

Qooh Slaine pa pluaj glonnac, Qooli Ron ajup Qooli buiolie. 

of a river which is in Laighis [Leix] " — Feilire- Clonmacnoise at G04, as follows : 
yieH^((« in the Xeai/iar7?;'eac, at iGtli September. "A. D. 602. Omnia qiim scripta sunt in anno 
" nieuna ainm abunn pil r (Laijip, no 50 mu6 6 seqncnte, invent in libra Cuanach in isto esse per- 
Dpoicfo pil pop an a'ciinn pin po hummnijeuD fecia. A. D. 603. t/i/^wZirfw Colmain liimedo, mic 
an buile," i.e. " Meana is the name of a river Baedain Brigi, mic Muircheartaich, mic Erca, 
which is in Laighis, or it is from a bridge which mic Diarmada, mic Fergusa Cerrbeoil, mic Co- 
is on that river the place is called." — O'Clery's naill Cremthaine, mic Neill Naigiallaig, a viro de 
Caleiu/ar, iGth September. genere sua qui dictus est Lochau Dealmana. Ju- 

Tlie place is now called Monadrehid, and is gidatio Aeda Slaine o Couall mac Suibne ; qui 

a townland in the south-west end of the plain rei/naverunt Temoria equal/ potestate simul. Ju- 

of Magh-Tuathat, or parish of Offerrilan, about gulatio Aedo Roin, »-&r; Nepotum Failgi, i Faetgi 

one mile north-east of Borris-in-Ossory, in Maenaen, for bru Locha Seimdide. Aed Gustan, 

the Queen's County. There are still some Comalta Conaill, ocus Baetan Bile ro gonsadar. 

ruins of St. Laisren's church to be seen at this Eodem die quo jugulatus est Aed Slaine, Aed 

place. Buidhi, ri Ciniuil Maine occisiw est." — Ann. Ult. 

' Loch-Semhdid/ie, now Lough Scwdy, adjoin- " A. D. 604. King Colman Rivea was killed 

ing the ruined village of Ballymore-Loughscwdy, by one of his own near kinsmen named Lochan 

situated nearly midway between Athlone and Delmanna ; and also King Hugh Slane was 

MuUingar, in the county of Westmeath See likewise killed by one Conell Guthvyn mac 

note ^ under A. D. 1450, p. 970. The slaying Swyne. Hugh Kon, prince of Offalley, and 

of these joint monarchs is recorded in the Annals Hugh, prince of Imaine, were killed the same 

of Ulster at the year 60.3, and in the Annals of day by the self-same man." — Ann. Clon. 



600.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 227 

After Acdh Slaine, son of Diarmaid, and ColmanRimidh, son of Baedan, son 
of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoglian, son of Niall, had been six 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, Colman Rimidh was slain by Lochan Dil- 
mana, [and] Aedh Slaine was slain by Conall Guithbhinn, son of Suibhne, son 
of Colman Mor, or Beg, son of Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, at Loch Semhdidhe'. 
Aedh Gustan, the foster-brother of Couall, and Baethghal Bile, wounded him. 
Of their deaths was said : 

What is reign, what is law, what is power over chieftains ? 
Behold, Colman Rimhidh the King ! Lochan Dilmana slew him ! 
It was not a wise counsel for the youths of Tuath-Tidrbhe'''! 
Conall slew Aedh Slaine, Aedh Slaine slew Suibhne. 

Conall, son of Suibhne, slew Aedh Roin, chief of Ui-Failghe, at Faithche- 
mic-Mencnain^ and Aedh Buidhc, chief of LTi-Maine, on the same day on which 
Aedh Slaine was slain by him. To commemorate these events was said : 

Great was the bloody condition of all the Irish kings, — 

Aedh Slaine of the valorous host, Aedh Roin, and Aedh Buidhe. 

The doom of Aedh Slaine is referred to by Colmanus interfectiis j^er Lochaman Diobnhain: 

Adamnan in h.i&Vita Columbce, lib. i. c. 14, where Aidus vera, cognoniento Slane,per Conalfum Guth- 

it is said to have been predicted by St. Columb- hldnn Jilium Suhnei jiixta lacum semdidhe.'' Sic 

kille — See note under A. D. 596, supra : ergo foedo parricidio a sancto Columba hie prs- 

" Nam post Suibneum filium Columbiini dolo dicto ; Subneiim cognatum suum (erant enim 

ab eo interfectum, non plus (ut fertur) quam duorum fratrum filli) anno 596, interfecit ; sic 

quatuor annis et tribus mensibus regni con- et ipse non amplius postea quam quatuor annis, 

cessa potitus est parte." On this Colgan writes et aliquot mensibus parte regni interea potitus 

the following note in Trias Tkauin., p. 376, note (ut sanctus Columba prjedixit) supervixit; jus- 

54: teque a Conallo pro?dicti Subnei filio, paternse 

" Miraconsentione veritatem hujusprophetias ca;dis ultore, interemptus est." 
indicant et confirmant Quatuor Magistri in An- « Tuath-Tuirbhe : i.e. Turvey's Territory, 

nalibus: in quibus ista leguntur. '■Anno Christi This is a bardic name for Bregia, from Tuirbhe 

596. Subnens Jilius Colmani, seu Columbani cog- or Turvey, near Swords, in the county of Dub- 

nomento parvi (Magni ut rcor rectius) Piinceps lin See Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin and 

3Iedice, inierfectus est per Aidii7}i Slanc (llihernisi Uses of the Hound Towers of Ireland, i>p. 380, 

Kegem) in loco qui Bri-dham appellattir.' Et 381. 

postea; Anno Christi sexcentessimo, Aidus Slane ^' Faithclie mic Mencnain : i.e. the Green of 

filius Diermitii, et Colmanns Riiniedus, filius Bai- the Son of Mencnan. This is called Faetgi Mae- 

tani, filii Murchertachi, filii Muredachi, filii Eu- naen in the Annals of Ulster (uhi supra), where 

genii; postquam sex annis regnassent occubuerunt ; it is stated that it is on the brink of Loch-Sem- 

2g2 



228 aHNQca Rioshachca eiReawN. [60l. 

Cui 5an mdchaiji, pi TTlurhan, Decc. Conall Cu, mac Qooa, mic Qinmiiiec, 



Decc. 



Qoip Cpiopc, fe ceio a liaon. Qn ceio MiaDain oCtob Uaiiiiobnacli, mac 
OorhnaiU llcealsoigh, mic mui|i<:fiicaicb, mic Tlluipeanoigh, mic Gojairi, hi 
pije nG|ieann. S. Laij^pen, .1. mac pfpanhai^, ab lae Coluim Cille, 065 an 
16 Do Sepcembep. Cach Slaibpe pia nUib Nell pop bpan Dub, mac Gacli- 
ach, pi Laij^fn, -| bpariDub, .1. mac Gachoac, do mapbaD la hctipcinDech Sen- 
boirhe Sine, "j la a Deipbpine buDein, amail apbfpap, 



didhe, or Lough Sewdy. The name is now ob- 
solete, but it is clear that the green so called 
occupied the site of the present village of Bally- 
more-Loughsewdy. 

' Cui-gan-mathair ^'C, died. — This is a mistake 
of the Four blasters, for this King of Munster 
lived till the year G64, q. v. They probably 
intended to have written that Cui-gan-mathair 
was born in this year. In the Annals of Ulster, 
at the year 603, the reading is Cut cen macaip 
m. e. an evident error of transcribers for Cui 
cen maruip n. e. i. natus est. 

•* Coiiall Cu Colgan thinks that this Conall 

Cu, i. e. Conallus Canis vel Caninus, was Co- 
nall Clogach, who insulted St. Columbkille and 
his attendant at the National Convention at 

Druim-Ceat See more of him in O'Donnell's 

Life of Columbkille, lib. iii. c. 5 ; Trias Thaum., 
p. -131 ; and in Keatiug's ^isfojy of Ireland, in 
the reign of Aedh mac Ainmirech. 

' Aedh Uairidhnach : i. e. Hugh of the Shi- 
vering Disease (the ague?). The name is ex- 
plained in Dr. Lynch's translation of Kcating's 
History of Ireland, as follows : 

" Uaridnachi cognomine ideo est afFectus, 
quod adeo vchemeuti maligni frigoris impctu, 
per intervalla, correptus fuerit, ut si orbis uni- 
versi dominio frueretur, eo non gravate cederet, 
ea lege, ut morbi vis se, vel modice, remitteret. 
Vox enim Uairiodhnaiyh jjcrinde est ac readhrjlia 
fuara, quod reciiJrocum frigoris paroxysmuni 
significat." 



"^ Laisren. — He was the tliird abbot of lona, 
and is mentioned by Adamnan lib. i. c. 12, as 
son of Feradachus, and one of the companions 
of St. Columbkille ; on this Colgan has the fol- 
lowing note in Trias Thawn., p. 375, n. 51 : 

" Fuit hie Abbas Hiensis, et colitur 16 Sep- 
tembris juxta Sanctum jEngussium in Festilogio 
metrico, Martyrologium Tamlactense, Marianum 
Gormanum, Cathaldum Maguir, et JMartyrolo- 
gium Dungallense. Feradachus vero ejus pater 
fuit Sancti Columbie compatruelis, ut constat 
ex Sanctilogio Genealogico capite i. ubi ejus 
genealogia talis legitur. Sanctus Laisrenus, fUitis 
Feradachi, jilii Ninnedii, Jilii Fergussii, filii Co- 
nalli Gulbannii, (J-c. Ninnedius enim ejus avus, 
fuit frater Fethlemidii, patris Sancti Columba;, 
juxta dicenda infra in Appendioe quarta. De 
morte Sancti Laisrani, seu (ut alii loquuntur) 
Laisreni, sic scribunt Quatuor Magistri in An- 
nalibus; Anno Christi, 601, ef prima Aedi cognu- 
mento Huairiodluiach, filii Domnaldi (Regis Hi- 
berniffi) S. Laisrenus, Feradachi filius. Abbas 
Hiensis obiil die 16 Septemb." 

Ussher, in his list of the abbots of loua, from 
its foundation till the year 710 {Primordia, pp. 
701, 702), omits this Laisren, and makes Ferg- 
naus the third abbot. 

■■ Siaibhre. — The situation of this place is not 
defined in any of the Irish Annals, or in the his- 
torical tractaxWiidBoruniha-Laighean. The notice 
of Bran Dubh's death is given in the Annals of 
Tighernach (Cod. Bodl. foh 10, col. 2), and in 



601.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



229 



Cui-gan-mathair, King of Munster, died". Conall Cki'', son of Aedh, son of 
Aininii'e, died. 

Tlie Age of Christ, 601. The first year of Aedh Uairidhnach', son of 
Donihnall llchealgach, son of Miiircheartach,son of Mviireadhach, son of Eoghan, 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. St. Laisreu™, abbot of la-Coluim Cille, died on 
tlie 16th of September. The battle of Slaibhre" [was gained] by the Ui-Neill 
over Bran Dubh, son of Eochaidh, King of Leinster ; and Bran Dubh, i. e. son 
of Eochaidh, was killed by the Airchinneach" of Senboithe-Sine'', and his own 
tribe, as is said : 



the Annals of Ulster, under the year 604, evi- 
dently from two different authorities, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 604. BeUimi Sleibre, m quo victus est 
Brandub mac Ethach. Nepotes Neill victores 
erant. Jugulatio Branduib (mic Eathach, mic 
Muireadaig, mic Aeda, mic Feidhlimid, mic 
Enna Ceinnsealaig, mic Labrada, mic Breasail 
Belaisr, mic Fiacha Baicedha, mic Catbair Moir) 
Regis Laigin, a geiiere suo per dolum. xxx annis 
regnaeit in Lagenia; ocus a cath na Damcluanna 
ro marbbadh; no go madh e Saran Saebderg .i. 
Oircinnecli Seanboite Sine ros mairfedh" [and 
in the battle of Damhcluain he was slain ; or it 
was Saran Saebhderg, i. e. Oirchinneach of 
Seanboith Sine, that killed him] " ut poeta dixit: 

" Saran Saebderg Seol co se, Oircinneach Sean- 
boite Sine 
E, ni dalb gan brandal breth, ro marbh Bran- 
dub mac Eacbach." 

In the Life of St. Maidoc of Ferns, published 
by Colgan at 31st January, the slayer of Bran 
Dubh is called " Quidam Comes Laginiensis." 
The passage run as follows : 

" Quidam Comes Laginiensis evertit fidem 
suam contra dominum suum, et jugulavit regem 
Laginensium, imo totus Hiberniaj Brandubum 
filium Ethach, et illico inde rex obiit sine con- 
fessione, et divino viatico." 

On this passage Colgan has the following 



note, Acta Sanctorum, p. 20, note 43 : 

" Quoad jugulationem Brandubii per Sara- 
num Archenacum de Seanbhotli consentiunt 
Nehemias O'Duinn in Catalogo Regum Lagenioa, 
et tres alii Anonymi, qui ne eisdem Regibus 
scripseruiit. Brandubium autem esse prius in 
pugna devictum ab O'Neillis, et mox a Sarauo 
inierfectum tradunt Qnatuor. Magistri in Anna- 
libus ad annum GDI, quo ita loquuntur; O'Nelli 
decicerunt Brandubium JUium Eochodii, Lagenice 
Regem, in pra:lio Slahrensi, qui et mox occisus est 
per Saraaum Soehdherc Arcennacum deSeanhhoth- 
'Sena, et per proprios suos cognatos." 

" Airchinneach : i. e. the hereditary warden of 
the church, usually anglicised Erenagh or He- 
renagh. 

'' Senhoth-Sine. — Now Teampull-Seanbotha, 
anglice Templeshanbo, at the foot of Suidhe- 
Laighean, now Stuadh-Laighean, or Mount 
Leinster, in the barony of Scarawalsh, and 
county of "Wexford. Its situation is described 
in the Life of St. Maidoc, c. xxvi., as follows : 

" Monasterium quod dicitur Seanbotha justa 
radices montis qui dicitur Scotice Suighe Lagen, 
id est, Sessio Laginensium." 

On this passage Colgan writes the following 
note (.4 eta Sanctorum, p. 217, note 26): 

" Est hffic Ecclesia in regione de Hy-Kinse- 
lach in dicecesi Fernensi: in ea que 27 Octobris 
colitur S. Colmanus IIua-Fiachrach, ut patronus 
juxta .Engussium, Marianum et alios." 



230 



aNNQf^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[602. 



Sapdn SoeB6e]ic, yeol 50 pe, aipcinneach Sfriboir Sine, 

G nf DalB, 5011 bjmnDul bpach, ]io mapb bparoub, mac Gachach. 

Lai jneach painpebac jio ]iai6 inn po, 

ITIaD I mbfchaiD mic Gachacli, Dom liipa6 an ruaipceprach, 
In cacli ima nuapacliaji, ay cian o Do puaipcfprpaoh. 
Diambaoh In cpeb cnipeaDoij mac Garach nnc TTlnipeaboij 
Noclia bfpoinn mo bolg Ian 00 cill ap ai Qooba Ctlldn. 

Colman, mac peapaboij, coipioc Oppaije, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a do. Ctn Dapa bliaDain dQodIi. S. Smell, eppcop 
TTlaiglie bile, Decc an ceD Id DOcrobep. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a cfraip. Qn cfrparhaD bliabain dQod. piachpa 
Caocli, mac baoDain, do rhapbaD la Cpiiirnui. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD a cing. Qn cuicceaD bliaDain dQodIi. S. beoglina, 
abb bfnDcaip lap cComgaU, Deg 22 DCtugupc. ITloUia, .1. LiighaiD, mac 
I1U1 Oiclie, ceD abb Cluana pfpca FTlolua, Dej. Seaclinapacli, mac ^^T' 
bdin, coipeach Ceneoil mbo^aine. Do rhapbaD la Oomnall, mac CJoDha, mic 
Qinmi]iecli. Conall an gae Dfipcc, mac Oaimene, Do rhapboD la hUib ITleic 
TTlaca. 



'^ Saran Saehhdhearc: i.e. Saran of the crooked, 
foul, or evil Eye. 

' Ftdl sack, ^'C Dr. O'Conor translates this 

" Haberem nunc ventrem plenum usque ad osl" 
But this is evidently incorrect. The poem 
from which this extract is taken is ascribed by 
Tighcrnach to Cailleach Laighneach. It alludes 
to tribute unwillingly paid by the Leinstermen 
to the Monarch, Aedh Allan; for the author 
regrets that Bran Dubh was not alive to resist 
the incursion of that northern potentate. 

" Colman, son of Feradhach. — -lie was the 
father of Scannlan, who is mentioned by Adam- 
nan, lib. i. c. 11, as a prisoner in the hands of 
Aldus, son of Ainmire, Monarch of Ireland, 
but liberated at the period of the Convention of 
Druim-Ceat, after which he reigned, according 
to his contemporary, Adamnan, for thirty years 
and three months. From Cinnfaela, the brother 



of this Colman, the family of Mac Gillaphadruig, 
anfjUce Fitzpatrick, are descended. 

' Magh-bile : i. e. the Field or Plain of the 
ancient Tree, now Movilla, a village near New- 
town-Ards, in the county of Down, where St. 
Finnian, son of Ultach, founded a great mo- 
nastery in the sixth century. There is another 
Magh-bile near the western shore of Lough- 
Foyle, in the barony of Inishowen, and county 
of Donegal. — See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
pp. 637, 639, 641, 650. Dr. Lanigan, in his 
Ecclesiastical History of Ireland (vol i. p. 265), 
says : 

" In our Calendars, Martyrologies, and An- 
nals, Magh-bile is often mentioned, and in a 
general and absolute manner, without any allu- 
sion to a second monastery of that name. Ware 
was, therefore, right in making but one Magh- 
bile, or Movill, viz., that of Down, and ought 



602.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



231 



Saran Soeblidhearc'', a guide indeed ; A irchinneach of Seanboith Sine, 

Was he, it is no falsehood without bright judgment, who killed Bran Dubh, son 

of Eochaidh. 
A certain Leinsterman said the foUowins;: 

Were it in the time of the son of Eochaidh tliat the northern had come, 
From the battle which they gained, they would have been long panic-driven ; 
If in a pillared house were the son of Eochaidh, son of Muireadhach, 
I would not bring my full sack' to a church for the sake of Aedh Allan. 

Colman, son of Fearadhach", chief of Osraighe [Ossory], died. 

The Age of Christ, 602. The second year of Aedh. St. Sinell, Bishop of 
INIagh-bile', died on the first day of October. 

The Age of Christ, 604. The fourth year of Aedh. Fiuchra Caech", son 
of Baedan, was slain by the Cruithni. 

The Age of Clirist, 605. The fifth year of Aedh. St. Beoghna, Abbot of 
Beannchair'^ [next] after Comligall, died on the 12 th of August. Molua, i. e. 
Lughaidh INIae hUi-Oiche, first abbot of Cluain-fearta-Molua", died. Seachna- 
sach, son of Garbhan, chief of Cinel-Boghaine'', was slain by Domhnall, son of 
Aedh, son of Ainmire. Conall of the Red Dart, son of Daimhin, was killed by 
the Ui-Meith-Macha^ 



to have been adhered to by Harris." 

In this observation Dr. Lanigau places too 
great a reliance on the authority of Ware ; for 
Colgan states that Magh-bile, in Inis Eoghain, 
which is the Domnach-bile of the Tripartite 
Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. c. 122, " Fuit olim 
nionasterium haud ignobile." — Trias Thaum., 
p. 181. 

In Colgan's time the latter was a parish 
church in the diocese of Derry. There are con- 
siderable ruins of this church still to be seen, 
and near it a high plain stone cross traditionally 
said to have been erected by St. Patrick, the 
original founder and patron of this church. The 
name of St. Fiunian is not now remembered in 
connexion with this church, and it is highly 
probable that Magh-bile, in the county of 
Down only belonged to this saint. 



" Fiaclira Caech He was evidently the son 

of Baedan, King of Ulidia, who died in 585. 
The death of Fiachra is entered in the Annals 
of Ulster at the year 607. 

"■ Beannchair : i. e. Bangor, in the county of 
Down. 

" Cluain-fearta- Molua See note ^ under the 

year 571. The death of Lughaidh macc-U-Ochae 
is given in the Annals of Ulster at the year 608. 

' Cinel-Boijhaine : i. e. the Race of Enna Bogh- 
aine, second son of Conall Gulban, son of Niall 
of the Nine Hostages, who were seated in the 
present barony of Banagh, in the west of the 
county of Donegal — See Batde of Magh-Raih, 
p. 156, note ''. The death of this Seachnasach is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 608. 

' Ui-Meith-Macha — These, who were other- 
wise called the Ui-Meith-Tire, were the descen- 



232 



aNNa('.a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[606. 



Qoip Ciiiopc, pe ceo a pe. Ctn peifeab blic(6ain oQooh Uaipiobnach. 
S.Siollan, macCaimmin, abb 5fnncaip,-| corha|ibaCorh5aill,t)e5 28pebiiuapi. 
Qeoli anc1io]ii. Qooli, mac Coljan, coipecli Qipjiall -| na nQiiirfp apcfna, 
oecc, ina oilifpe hi cCliiain mic Noip. Ctp 06 Do pdi6ea6. 

T?o bai can, ba linD opDan Locli oa Darn, 

Ml bui an loch ace ba hopoan, hi plaic Qooha, mic Colgan. 

Cuma Darhnao muip capa pooam cup 

Cebe po cep r]nlip cpeab, rpe imp Locha Da Dam. 

TTiaolumha, mac baecain, 065. Colcca Doilene, mac piachna, Deg. 
ITlaolDum, mac Ctilene, coipeac TTloghDopn TTlaijfn, Decc. 

Qoip Cp'oi^r, pe ceD a peachc. lap mbfic peachc mbliabna 1 pije 



dants of MuircaJhach Meith, son of Imcliadli, 
son of Colla Dachrich, and were seated in the 
present barony of Monaglian, in the county of 
Monaghan. — See Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 184, 
n. 16 ; and Leahhar-na-gCeart, pp. 148, 149, 
note ''. The death of Conall mac Daimein is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 548. 

" Sillan His death is entered in the Annals 

of Ulster, in wliich he is called Sillan inacCum- 
minn, and the Annals of Clonniacnoise, in which 
he is called Sillan ma Comyn, at the year 609- 
Colgan has collected all he could find of the 
history of this saint at 28th February, and cites 
his authorities in n. 8, as follows : 

" Anno 606, die 28 Febr. Ita citati Annales" 
[QuatuorMagistrorum] " ad hunc annum dicen- 
tes Sillanus, films Commini, Abbas Bennchorensis, 
el Comorbariits S. Comgalli 28 dieFebruarii obiit. 

"Et quoad diem, consentiunt Sanctus vEngus- 
sius in suo Festilogio ad eundem diem, dicens ; 
FestumS. Sillani Bermchoremis: Marian Gorman 
ejusve Scholiastes. Sillanus, Mayister, filius Cu- 
meni. Abbas Benchori Uitoniensis, et Comorba- 
nus Comgalli. Mart. Taml. SiUairus Albat), et 
Comorbanus Cotiif/alli. Item IMaguir, et Mart. 
Dungallen. ad eundem diem." — Acta SS., p. 424. 

'• Aed/i the anchorite " A. I). 609. Aidan, 



Anchorite, died, and Moyleowa mac Boydan, and 
Colgan Dolene mac Fieghna, all died." — Aii7i. 
Clon. 

' Airtheara: i. e. Orientales or the inhabitants 
of the eastern part of Oirghialla. The name is 
still preserved in that of the baronies of Orior 
in the east of the county of Armagh. The 
chieftain Aedh, son of Colgan, is referred to in 
c. 16 of the Life of St. Mochteus, published by 
Colgan, at 24 Mart., on which Colgan has the 
following note in his Acta SS., p. 732 : 

" De morte hujus Aidi Oirgicllia; Principis 
sic scribunt Quatuor Magistri in Annalibus, ad 
ann. 606. Aidus filim Colgan Princeps Oirgiellice 
etArtheriorum (id est Orientaliuni Ultoniorum)" 
\_recte Orgielliorura] " in sua peregrinatione Clu- 
ainmucnosia; decessit. Subduutur ibidem qui- 
dam versus patrio metro a quodam sinchrono 
scripti, quibus indicatur hunc Aidum abdicato 
regimine monasticum institutum amplexum 
esse, et virum eximia; sanctitatis fuisse. Hujus 
pii Principis nomcn posteritati celebratius reli- 
quit, ejus(|ue t'aniiliani haud mcdiocriter nobili- 
tavit, et fratrum et tiliorum ijisius eximia fas- 
tisque celebrata sanctitas. llabuit enim ger- 
nianos fratres duos Baitaniim, alias Boetanum, 
et Furadhranum ; filiosque quatuor, Magnen- 



606.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



233 



The Age of Christ, 606. The sixth year of Aedh Uairidhnach. St. Sillan*, 
son of Caimin, Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor], and successor of Comhgall, died 
on the 28th of February. Aedh the Anchorite'' [died]. Aedh, son of Colgan, 
chief of Oirghialla and of all the Airtheara", died on his pilgrimage, at Cluain- 
mic-Nois. Of him was said : 

There was a time when Loch-da-damh'' was a pool of splendour, 
The lake was [nothing else] but splendQur in the reign of Aedh, son of Colgan. 
Indifferent to me wlio destroyed it ; my friend has abandoned it; 
Though it was he that placed a brilliant house upon the island of Loch-da-damh. 

Maelumha, son of Baedan, died. Colga Doilene, son of Fiachna, died. 
Maelduin, son of Ailen, chief of Mughdorn Maigheau'', died. 

The Age of Christ, 607. After Aedh Uairidhnach had been seven years 



(luni, scilicet, Tuanum, Coblitliachum, et Li- 
brenum ; sanctorum syllabo insertos, ut tes- 
tantur Sanctilogiiim Genealogicum, c. 13, et 
Selvacius de sanctorum Hibernia; Genealogia, 
c. 11." 

'' Loch-da-damh : i. e. Lake of the Two O.xen. 
This was evidently the name of a lake in Oirghi- 
alla, on an island in which the habitation of the 
chieftain, Aedh mac Colgain, was situated. It 
has not been yet identified. These verses, which 
Colgan understood to allude to the abdication of 
Aedh, are very obscure, as we do not know to 
what the writer exactly alludes. 

' Mughdorn Maighean — Now the barony of 
Crioch-IMughdhorna, anglice Cremorne, in the 
county of Monaghan. It is supposed to have 
derived the addition of Maighen from the 
church of Domhnach-Maighen, now Donagh- 
moyne church. In the Annals of Ulster the 
death of this chieftain is entered at the year 
610, thus: 

"A. D. 610. Mors Maeileduin regis Mog- 
dornae." 

Colman Canis, the brother of this Maelduin, 
is mentioned by Adamnan (T7te Columbw, lib. i. 
c. 43), as slain by Ronan, son of Aldus, son of 

2 



Colgan of the tribe Arterii, i. e. the inhabitants 
of the present baronies of Orior, in the east of 
the ancient Oirghialla, who also fell in the same 
combat — See note 198, supra. On this passage 
in Adamnan, Colgan has written the following 
note : 

" In parte Maiigdornortim duo nobiles viri se 
mntuo vulneribus mortui sunt hoc est Colman Canis 
filius Aileni, et Ro nanus filius Aidi,fdii Colgan de 
Arteriorum genere, c. 43. De morte horum no- 
bilium nihil in nostris Annalibus reperio. De 
patre tamen unius et fratre alterius sequentia 
accipe ex Quatuor Magistris anno Christi 606, 
et sejrto Aidi (Eegis Hibernije) cognomento 
Huairiodhiiach ; Aidus filius Colgan, Argiellice et 
Artheriorum Princeps pie obiit in sua peregrina- 
tione CluainmucnosicB : et Maelduinus filius Aileni 
Princeps Mugdornorum Maginensium decessit. 
Eonanus ergo filius Aidi filii Colgan de Arthe- 
riorum genere (de quo loquitur S. Adamnanus) 
fuit filius hujus Aidi filii Colgan Artheriorum 
Principis, et Colmanus ille cognomento Canis, 
vel potius Canus, filius Aileni, fuit frater hujus 
Maelduini, filii Aileni Mugdornorum principis. 
Genus enim et tempus in utrumque conspirant; 
cum unus paulo ante patrem, et alius ante fra- 
il 



234 



aNNaf,a i^ioshachna eiReawN. 



[608. 



nGpeann dQodIi Uai|iio6nacli acbach 05 Qcli Da pf|ica. Cach Ooba jim 
TiQenjiip, mac Colmain, Du in ]io mapBab Conall Laoj bpfj, mac Qoolia, 50 
pochaiDe moip ime, Dia nehpan, 

Qn pee immuUach 06ba, cea a 501 Dojpa ni laep 
Deichbip Di, ciD olc a Denn, po bai mop cfno ina cpaop. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, pe ceD a hoclic. Qn ceio bliaDain do TTIaolcoba, mac 
Qooha, mic Qmmipeach, In pfglie nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceD anaoi. Qn Dapa bliabain do TTIaolcoba. S. Uolua 
pora, abb Cliiana mic Moip, Deg. Seannacb, abb Qpoa TTlacha, 6 Cluain 
Ua n^pici Doipibe, -\ a ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceD a Deicli. S. Colman Gala, abb Dec, 26 do 8ep- 



trem suiim fuerit extinotus." — Trias Thaum., 
p. 379, n. 91. 

' Ath-da-fearta : i. e. Ford of the Uvo Graves, 
or of tlie two Miracles. This place is unknown 
to the Editor. In the Annals of Ulster and 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of this 
Monarch is given thus : 

"A. D. 611. 3Io7-s Aedo Jilii Domhnaill regis 
Tcmro."— Ann. Ult. 

"A, D. 609" [rede 611]. " Plugh Orinagh 
reigned seven years and then died." 

- Odhhha See note ', under A. M. 3502, 

p. 31, supra. 

'' Aenghus, son of Colman — This is the person 
called Oengusius filius Aido Comain, in the 
printed editions of Adamnan's Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 13. — See note ^, under the year 616. 

' Great head. — This quatrain is evidently 
quoted from a poem on this battle by a poet 
who saw the head of Conall Laegh Breagh 
thrown upon the whitethorn bush on the sum- 
mit of the mound of Odhbha, and who viewed 
the bush with horror, as it held the head of a 
prince in its mouth! The first part of the 
figure is correct, but the latter part is wild in 
the extreme, as giving a mouth to a whitethorn 
bush. The whole quatrain may be easily im- 



proved thus : 

" Q See a mullac Ooba, jjib oo jai oojpa in 
laip 
tDeicbip Dine jup olc oo oenn, po bat mop 
cenn ap do jaib." 

" Thou lonely thorn on Odhbha's top, although 
thyjavelins thou dost not throw, 
Still is thy aspect truly hideous, thou piercedst 
once a lordly head with thy sjiears." 

The battle of Odhbha is noticed in the Aunals 
of Clonmacnoise at the year 609) and in the 
Annals of Ulster at 611. 

'' JIaelcobha. — In the Annals of Ulster his 
accession is mentioned under the year 611, and 
in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 609, thus : 

"A. D. 611. Bellum Odboe re nOengus mac 
Colmain, in quo cecidit Conall Laegbreag Jilius 
Aedo Slaine. Maelcoba rcgnare iiicipit hoc anno.'''' 
— Ann. Ult. Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 609. Moylc Cova succeeded next and 
reigned five years. The battle of Ova was given, 
where Conell Loybrey mac Hugh Slane was 
killed by Enos mac Cohnan." — Ann. Clon. 

O'Flaherty places the accession of Malcovus 

Clcricus in 612, which is the true year See 

Ogygia, p. 431. 



608.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



235 



in tlie sovereignty of Ireland, lie died at Ath-da-fearta^ The battle of Odliblia*', 
by Aenghus, son of Colman'', wherein was slain Conall Laegh-Breagh, son of 
Aedh [Slaine], with a great number about him, of which was said : 

The whitethorn on top of Odhbha, though its sharp darts it throws not. 
Lawful for it that its aspect should be evil : there was a great head' in its mouth. 

The Age of Christ, 608. The first year of Maelcobha^ son of Aedh, son 
of Ainmire, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 609. The second year of Maelcobha. St. Tolua Fota', 
Abbot of CIuain-mic-Nois, died. Seanach"', Abbot of Ard-Macha, died ; he was 
of Cluain-Ua-nGrici". 

The Age of Christ, 610. St. Colman Eala", i. e. Mac-Ui-Selli, abbot, died 



' Tolua Fota : i. e. Tolua the Tall. " A. D. 
613. Tolfa Fota, Ahbas Cliianse mac Cunois 
pansat. Stella'''' [comata] " visa est hora octava 
dieV — Ann. XJlt. 

This Tolu or Tolfa succeeded Aelithir, third 
abbot of Clonmacnoise, who was living in the 
year that Cokimbkille attended the Synod of 

Druim-Ceat See Adamnan's Vita Columb., 

lib. i. c. 3. 

" Seanach He succeeded in 598 and died in 

610. He is set down among the Archbishops 
of Armagh, in the catalogue of those prelates 
preserved in the Psalter of Cashel. Ussher 
(Primorcl, p. 966) makes him the last of the 
third order of holy bishops, or bishops dignified 
by the name of saints. Colgan omits him alto- 
gether in his Annals of Armagh (Trias Thaum., 
p. 293), and makes Mac Lasrius succeed Eucho- 

dius, who died in 597 [598] See Harris's 

edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 39. 

" Cluain-Ua-nGrici : i. e. the Lawn, Meadow, 
or insulated Pasturage of the [tribe of] Ui- 
Grici. This place, which would be called in 
the anglicised form Cloonygreek, is unknown 
to the Editor. 

° Colman Eala. — His death is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the year 10; but in the 

2 H 



Annals of Clonmacnoise under 609, as follows : 

"A. D. 610. Qiiies Colmani Elo. Sic est in 
lihro Cuanach.'''' — Ann. Ult. 

" A.D. 609. Saint Colman Ealla macWihealla, 
in the 56th year of his age, died." — Ann. Clon. 

The festival of this saint is set down in the 
Feilire-Aenf/uis, and in O'Clcry's Irish Calendar, 
at 26th September ; in the latter as follows : 

" Colmun Gala, ubb 6 Cainn 6ala. Se 
bliaona oju]"" caojao a aoip an can po paoio 
o ppiopaD DO cum nnhe anno Domini 610." 

" Colman Eala, abbot of Lann-Eala" [Ly- 
nally]. " Fifty-six years was his age when he 
resigned his spirit to heaven, in the year of our 
Lord 610." 

Adamnan mentions this saint in his Vita Co- 
lumb., lib. i. c. 5, where he calls him " Colma- 
nus Episcopus Mac-U-Sailne," from his tribe 
name ; and lib. ii. cc. 13, 15, where he calls 
him " Columbanus filius Beognai" from his 
father Beogna. Colgan, who intended giving a 
life of him at 26th September, has the following 
note on the lib. i. c. 5, of Adamnan, Trias 
Thaum., not. 32 : 

" iS". Colmani Ejnscopi Mac- U-Sailne, c. 5. 
Eundem mox vocat Columbanum Jilinm Beogna. 
Est hie Colmanus a loco Lann-Ela dicto (in 
2 



236 QNNa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [6ii. 

rembe]i ly^in peiyfo bliabain ap caogair a aoipi. Neman, abb Cip nioiii, 



XjtCC. 



lap mbeicli reopa mbliaban i pije n6peann Do TTlaolcoba, mac Qo6a, 
mic Qinmipec, t)0 ceap la Siiibne Tllearin, hi ccach Slebe Uoa6. Ponan, 
mac Colmain, pf Cai jfn De^. ^opman do TTliijDopnaiB, 6 rcctD TTleic Ciiinn, 
ape po boi bliaoain pop uipce Uiobpaic Pinjin, i ma ailicpe i cCluam mic 
Noip, acbacb. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceD a boon nDecc. Ctn ceiD bliaDatn do Suibne TTleann, 
mac piaclina, mic pfpaohaij, bi pijbe uap 6|.inn. Gcclap bfiincaip Ulao 
00 Copccab. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD a Do Decc. Qn Dapa bliaDain Do Suibne. pior.cain 
Oencpeib, abb bfnocaip, Decc. ConDepe Do lopccaob. papushaD Uopaigbe 
la miipcoblacb muipiDe. 



quo monasterium extruxit) vulgo Cohnan-Ela ; 
et hinc latine a multis Colmanellus appellatus. 
Vide ejus vitam ad 26 Semptemb. in qua c. 1, 
vocatur.filius Bcogna, ut hie. Vide ejus genea- 
logiam in Notis ad eandem vitam, in qua et 
filiiis Beagna, et de stirpe Salii seu Salnii, filii 
Clithradii, oriundus fertur; ut bine intelligas 
quare hie in titulo cap. 5. Mocu-Sailne, id est, 
de progeuie Salnii vocetur. In vita S. Itaj, ad 
15 Jauuar. c. 21, memoratur quomodo hie 
Sanctus Colmanus, sive (quod idem est) Colum- 
banus, navigavcrit ad S. Columbam in Hiensi 
insula commorantem ; et quod ibidem factus 
fuerit Episcopus. De ejus morte, setate, festo, 
et genere Quatuor Magistri in Annalibus ha;c 
habent : Anno Christi sexcentessimo decimo et 
Molcfihd! Ilerjis iertio, Sanctus Colmanellus Abbas, 
obiit. 2(3 Sejitemb. cetatis suai quinquagessimo sexto: 
De Dal Sellii (id est de stirpe) Sallii fuit oriun- 
dus:' 

Ussher gives a curious extract from the Life of 
Colmanus Elo {Primord., p. 960), and describes 
the situation of his church as follows: 

" Ilodie im-aWi locus ille vocatur in comitatu 
Regio, quatuor milliarium spatio a Dearmachano 
Coluraba; cajnobio" [Durrow] " dissitus : ubi 



inter cliorum sanctorum virorum (ut in fine vitte 
illius additur) sanctissimus senex Sexto Kalen- 
das Novembris" [Octobris?] "feliciter ad Chris- 
tum emisit spiritum ; anno salutis, ut ex Cua- 
nacho Chronographo Hibernico Ultonienses 
Annales referunt, DCX°." 

For the situation of Lann-Ealla or Lynally, 
in the King's County, see note ^ under A. D. 
15.33, p. 1414. 

■' Lis-mor. — Now Lismore, on the River Black- 
water, in the west of the county Waterford. This 
is the second Abbot of Lismore mentioned in 
these Annals before St. Carthach or Mochuda. 
— See note under the year 588, and Archdall's 
Monasticon Hibernicum, p. 691. 

1 Sliabh Toadh See note *■, under A. D. 291, 

p. 122, supra. In the Annals of LTlster the death 
of this monarch is entered under the year 614, 
and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 613, as 
follows: 

"A. D. 614. Juijulatio JIaelcobo mac Aedo 
in belle mantis Belgadain, alias i cue Sl6iBe 
cpmin cuor" [in the battle of Sliabh Truim 
Tuoth], " Suibne Menn victor erat." 

" A. D. 6 1 3. King Moycova was slain in Shew- 
Twa by Swyne Meanu." — Ann. Clou. 



f)ll.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



237 



on the 26th of September, in the fifty-sixth year of his age. Neman, Abbot of 
Lis-morP, died. 

After Maclcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, had been tliree years in tlie 
sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Suiblme Meann, in the battle of Sliabh 
Toadh''. Ronan, son of Colman, King of Leinster, died. Gorman"', [one] of the 
INIughdhorna, from whom are the Mac Ciiinns, and who was a year [living] on 
the water of Tibraid-Fingin", on his pilgrimage at Cluain-mic-Nois, died. 

The Age of Christ, 611. The first year of Suibhne Meann, son of Fiachna, 
son of Fearadhach, in sovereignty over Ireland. The church of Beannchair- 
Uladh' was burned. 

The Age of Christ, 6 12. The second year of Siubhne. Fintan of Oentrebh", 
Abbot of Beannchair, died. Connere"" [Connor] was burned. The devastation 
of Torach'^ by a marine fleet. 



For the situation of Sliabh Truim see note % 
under A. D. 1275, p. 424. 

' Gorman. — He was of the sept of Mugh- 
dhorna, who were seated in the present barony 
of Cremorne, in the county of Monaghan, and 
was the ancestor of the family of Mac Gorman, 
otherwise called Mac Cuinn ua niBocht, Ere- 
naghs of Clonmacnoise, in the King's County. 
In the Annals of Tighernach, the death of this 
Gorman is entered under the year 758. 

' Tibraid-Finghin : i. e. St. Finghin's Well. 
This well still bears this name, and is situated 
near Teampull Finghin, at Clonmacnoise, and 
near the brink of the Shannon, by whose waters 
it is sometimes concealed in winter and spring. 
— See Fetrie's Inquiry into the Origin, <J-c., of the 
Round Towers of Ireland, p. 265. In Mageoghe- 
gan's Annals of Clonmacnoise, this passage 
about Gorman is given as follows : 

"A. D. 613. This year came in pilgrimage 
to Clonvicknose one Gorman, and remained 
there a year, and fasted that space on bread and 
the water of Fynin's well. He is ancestor to 
Mic Connemboght and Moynter-Gorman, and 
died in Clone aforesaid." 

Under this year (610) the Annals of Ulster 



contain the following passage, omitted by the 
Four Masters: 

" A. D. 610. Fidminatus est cxercitus Uloth 
.i. mBairche/wfoHwe terribili." 

" A. D 610. The army of Uladh was smote 
in Bairche" [the Mourne Mountains] " with 
terrific thunder." 

*■ Beannchair- Uladh. — Now Bangor, in the 
county of Down. " Conihustio Benchoir" is en- 
tered inthe Annals of Ulster under the year 614; 
but in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 613. 

" Oentrebh. — This is the ancient form of the 
name of the town of Antrim, from which the 
county was named. It is to be distinguished 
from Oendruim, which was the ancient name of 
Mahee Island in Loch Cuan, or Strangford 
Lough, in the county of Down. — See Keeves's 
Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Doivn andConnor, ^c, 
pp. 63, 277, 278. In the Annals of Ulster, 
" Quies Fintain Oentraib, Abbatis Benchair," is 
entered under the year 612; and in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise the death of Fyntan of Intreive 
is entered under 613. 

''' C'oimere. — "A. D. 616. f,opca6 Conoipi, 
i. e. the burning of Connor." — Ann. Ult. 

" Torach : i. e. towery, or consisting of towers 



238 awNata Rio^hachca emeaHM. [613. 

Ctoip C|iioy"r, pe ceD a cpi Decc. Qn cpeap blia&ain bo SuiBne. Colccu, 
mac Suibne, do rhapbab,"! bap piachach, mic Conaill, in bliabain yin. pQijup, 
mac Colmain m6ip, plaicli lTli6e, Do mapbao la hCtnpapcach Ua TTlfpcanDo 
TDmnrip 6laicine. Qp Do pin ap pubpaD innpo : 

TTla Dom ipaolipa com ceacb, hUa TTlfpcain Qnpapracli, 
Uipce Dopbacli Do bep Do, po bich gona Peapjopa. 
Cep can do copac buiDne ceneoil Colmuin pech Ciiilne, 
lap mf poipfc Di puiDe, Sil ITlfpcain im blaiciniu. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD a cfraip Decc. Qn cfrparhaD bliabain Do Suibne. 
S. Caerhan bpfcc, 6 l?op each, Decc, an cfrparhaD la Decc Do Seprembep. 
C[od1i bfnDan, pi lapmuman, Decc. Ctp do popairmfc a bdip ap pubpaD : 

QodIi bfiiDan, Don Gojanacc lapluacliaip, — 

Qp maip5 peooa Dianao pi, cenmaip cip Dianac buachail. 

Q pciacli an ran po cpoclia, a biobbaba pucbocha, 

Cepa beccan [bee acr] pop a muin, ap DiDiu Don laprhurhain. 

pinjin, mac piacpach, Deg. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pe ceD a cuij Decc. Qn cui^eaD bliabain Do Suibne. Qilill, 
mac baecain, TTlaolDiiin, mac pfpjupct, mic baocain, -| Oiucolla Do mapbab 
lif TTIuijh Sleclic, In ccjiich Connctchc. Oo cenel mbaocdin, mic rnuipcfpcoij 
Doib. piachpa, mac Ciapain, mic Qinmipe, mic ScDna, Dej^. Cacb CfnD- 
Tjaba. 

or tower-like rocks, now Tory Island, off the of " Coeman Breac" is given under the year 

north-west coast of Donegal See note f, A. M. 614. In the Feilire-Acnguis and O'Clery's Irish 

3066, and note ', under A. M. 3330. Calendar the festival of Colman Breac is given 

' Colgu, ij-c. — These entries are given in the at 14th September ; and it is stated that his 

Annals of Ulster at the year 617, as follows : church is situated in Caille-FoUamhaiu, in 

"A. D. 617. Jugulatio Colggen mic Suibne, Meath. There are some ruins of this church 

et mors Fiachrach mic Conaill, et jiifjulafio Fer- still extant. 

gusa Jilii Colmain Jlagni, .i. la Anfartxtch hU- " Aedh Bcayman. — He is the ancestor of the 

Mescain do Muiutir-Blatine." family of O'Muircheartaigh, now anglice Mori- 

' lios-each : i. e. Wood of the Horses, now arty, who, previously to the English invasion, 

liussagh, near the village of Street, in the ba- were seated to the west of Sliabh Luachra, in 

rony of Moygoish, in the north of the county of the present county of Kerry See note ', under 

Westmeath. In the Annals of Ulster the death A. D. 1583, p. 1793. His death is entered in 



613.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 239 

The Age of Christ, 613. The third year of Suibhue. Colgu>', son of 
Suibhne, was killed ; and the death of Fiacha, son of Con, all [occurred] in 
this year. Fearghus, son of Colman Mor, Prince of Meath, was slain by Anl'ar- 
tach Ua Meascain, of Muintir-Blaitinc, of which these lines were composed : 

If he should come to my house, Ua Meascain Anfartach, 
Poisoned water I will give to him, for the slaying of Fearghus. 
Whatever time the forces of the race of Colman shall march by Cuilne, 
After a month they will put from their seat the Sil-Meascain, with the Blaitini. 

The Age of Christ, 614. The fourth year of Suibhne. St. Caemhan Breac, 
of Ros-each^ died on the fourteenth day of September. Aedh Beannan^ King 
of West Munster, died. To commemorate his death was said : 

Aedh Beannan, of Eoghanacht-Iar-Luachair, — 

Woe to the wealth of which he was king ! Happy the land of which he was 

guardian. 
His shield when he would shake, his foes would be subdued ; 
Though it were but on his back, it was shelter to West Munster.. 

Finghin, son of Fiachra*", died. 

The Age of Christ, 615. The fifth year of Suibhne. Ailill, son of Baedan; 
Maelduin, son of Fearghus, son of Baedan ; and Diucolla, were slain in Magh- 
Slecht", in the province of Connaught. They were of the race of Baedan, son 
of Muircheartach. Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of Sedna, died. 
The battle of Ceann-gabha". 

the Annals of Ulster under the year 618, and " A. D. 619- Occisio generis Baetain .i. Aililla 

in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 619, niic Baetain, oc Magh-Sleucht hi Connaclit, ocus 

which is the true year. Maelduin mic Fergusa mic Baetain, ocus mors 

^ Finghin, son of Fiachra In the Annals of Fiachrach, mic Ciarain, Jilii Ainmirech, mic 

Ulster the death of Aedh Beannain and of Fin- Setni." 

ghin mac Fiachrach are entered under the year " A. D. 619. The killing of the Eace of 

618. Baetau, i.e. of Ailill, son of Baetain, at Magh- 

" Magh-Slecht. — A plain in the barony of Sleacht, in Connaught, and of Mailduin, son of 

Tullyhaw, and county of Cavan. — See note ", Fearghus, son of Baetan ; and the death of 

under A. M. 3656, p. 43, supra. In the An- Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of 

nals of Ulster this passage is given as follows at Sedna." 

the year 619: '^ Ceann-gahha. — This is probably a mistake 



240 



aNNQf-a Rio^hachca emeaNN. 



[616. 



Ctoip C|iio]'>r, ye ceD a ye Decc. Qn yeiyeab bliabain t)o Suibne. Qenjup, 
mac Colinain moiii, plaicli Ua Nell an Deyceipc, 065. 

CiirfiDach ecclaipe 'Copaijhe la Cenel gConaill, \a\\ na oiorlildirpiujab 
peer jiiarfi. OunchaD mac Gojandin, Neachcain macCanainn, Qeoh [oecc]. 

Ctoip Cinoyc, ye ceo a yeachn oecc. Qn yeacliurhab bliabain do Suibne. 
S. Caoimjin, abb ^Imoe Da loclia, Decc an 3 luni, iny ccaicearh piclifc ap 
ceD bliabam Daoiy 50 pin. Comjall epycop,"| Goghan, epycop Racha Siclie, 
Decc. Cach Cino Deljcfn pia cConall, mac SuiBne,"] ]im nOorhnall mbpeac, 
Du in |io mapBctD Da mac Libpen, mic lollainn, mic Cfpbaill. TTlaolbpacha, 
mac T?imfDa, mic Colmam, mic CoBraij, -| Qilill, mac Cellaij, Dej. 

Cach CinDjuBa (no Cinn bu jba) pia Raiijallac, mac Uacracli, pop Col- 
man mac Cobraij (acliaip ^naipe Qiohne) aipm in po mapbab Colman 
buDeyin. Colga, mac Ceallaij, Deg. Qilill, mac Ceallai j, Deg. 

Qoiy Cpioyc, ye ceD a lioclic Decc. Qn coclicmaD bliabam Do SuiBne. 
S. Siollctn, epycop -\ abb TTlaighe bile, Decc an 25 Do Quguyc. Libep, abb 



for Ceann-gublia. — See note ", under A. D. 
106, p. 101. 

" Aenghus, son of Colman Mor This prince 

is mentioned by Adamnan in his Vita Columh., 
lib. i. c. 13, but in the printed copies of Adam- 
nan's work liis name is incorrectly given, " Dc 
Oengussio filio Aido Commani." — See Colgan's 
note on this passage ( Trias Thaum., p. 376, n. 52), 
where he thinlis that Commani should be Col- 
mani. — See the year 607. In the Annals of 
Ulster his death is entered under the year 620 ; 
and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 619: 

" Jugulatio Aengusa mic Colmaiu Magni, 
Regis Nepolum Neill." — Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 619. Enos, son of Colman More, was 
killed, lie was called King of the O'Neals." — 
Ann. Clou.. 

' Ihrach: i. e. Tory Island. — Sec note under 
the year 612. 

" Dunchadh, cj-c. — The obits of these three 
persons, which are left imperfect in the two 
Dublin copies, and in O'Conor's edition, are 
given in the Aiuials of Ulster under the year 



620, as follows: 

" A. D. 620. Duncath mac Eugain, Nechtan 
mac Canonn, et Aed obierunt." 

^Caemhghin — "Nomen illud latine pnlchrum 
genitum sonare vitoe scriptor annotat." — Ussher, 
Primord., p. 956. This name is now usually 
anglicised Kevin. His death is entered in the 
Annals of Tighernach at the year 618: "cara;". 
anno oetatis sua; ;" and in the Annals of Ulster 
at 617. The Life of this saint has been pub- 
lished by the Bollandists at 3rd June. 

' Gleann-da-locha : i. e. the Valley of the Two 
Lakes, now Glendalough, in the barony of North 
Ballinacor, and county of Wicklow. For a 
description of the churches and other remains 
at Glendalough, the reader is referred to Petrie's 
Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the liottnd 
Towers of Ireland, pp. 168-183, and p. 445. 

^ Rath-Sithe: i. e. Fort of the Fairy Hill, now 
Kathshec, a parish in the barony and county of 
Antrim. — See the Ordnance Map of that county, 
sheet 45. In the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, 
part ii. c. 133, the foundation of this church is 



616] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 241 

The Age of Christ, 616. The sixth year of Suibhne. Aenghus, son of 
Colman Mor'", chief of the Southern Ui-Neill, died. 

The [re-]erection of tlie church of Torach'' by the Cinel-Conaill, it having 
been destroyed some time before. Dunchadh''', son of Eoghanain ; Neachtan, 
son of Canann ; Aedh [died]. 

The Age of Christ, 617. The seventh year of Suibhne. St. Caemhghin'', 
Abbot of Gleann-da-locha', died on the 3rd of June, after having spent one hun- 
dred and twenty years of his age till then. Comhgall, a bishop, and Eoghan, 
Bishop of Rath-Sitlie'', died. The battle of Ceann-Delgtean' by Conall, son of 
Suibhne, and Domhnall Breac, wherein were slain the two sons of Libren, son 
of Illann, son of Cearbhall. Maelbracha", son of Rimeadh, son of Colman, son 
of Cobhthach, and Ailill, son of Ceallach, died. 

The battle of Ceann-Gubha" (or Ceann-Bughbha) [was gained] by Ragh- 
allacli, son of Uadach, over Colman, son of Cobhthach (tlie father of Guaire 
Aidhne), where Colman himself was slain. Colga", son of Ceallach, died. 
Ailill'', son of Ceallach, died. 

The Age of Christ, 618. The eighth year of Suibhne. St. Sillan, Bishop 
and Abbot of Magh-bile [Movilla], died on the 25 th of August. Liber, Abbot 

attributed to the Irish Apostle. In the Annals "' Maelhraclia — "A. D. 62L J/or« Maelbracha, 

of Tighernacli the deaths of Bishop Comhgall mic Eimedho, mic Colmain filii Cobtaig." — Ann. 

and of Eoghan, Bishop of Rath-Sithe, are en- Ult. 

tered under the year 618; in the Annals of " Ceann-Guhha, or Ceann-Bughbha. — This 

Ulster at 6 1 7. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise place is now called Ceann-Bogha, anglice Cambo, 

Eoghan is called " Owen, Bishop of Ardsrathy" and is situated a short distance to the north of 

(Ardsratha, now Ardstraw, in the county of the town of Roscommon, in the county of Ros- 

Tyrone). common — See Genealogies, Tribes, ^-c, of Hy- 

' Ceann-Delgtean — This place is unknown to Fiachrach, p. 313, note '^. In the Annals of 

the Editor. This battle is mentioned in the Ulster, " Bdlum Cenn Buigi, in quo cecidii 

Annals of Ulster, at the year 621, as follows : Colman mac Cobtaig," is entered under the year 

"A. D. 621. i3e««ra Cinn-Delggden. Conall 621. 

mac Suibhne victor erat. Duo Jilii Libreni mao ° Col(/a. — " A. D. 621. J/ors Colggen mic 

Illandonn, mic Cerbaill ceciderunt. Conaing mac Ceallaig." [The death of Colgan, sou of Ceal- 

Aedain demersus est." lach.] — Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 621. The battle of Cinn-Delgden. p ^2«//._" A. D. 621. Jugidatio Ailillo mic 

Conall, son of Suibhne, was the conqueror. Ceallaig." [The slaying of Ailill, son of Ceal- 

Conaing, son of Aedhan, was drowned." lach.] — Ann. Ult. 

2 I 



242 



aHNQf^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[619. 



QchaiD bo Cainnijli. l?ach n^uala do lopccao la piachna, mac 6aorain, 

conao ann apbepc piachna : 

T?o jab cene Rach n^irnla, rapca biucca can huaoha, 
SuaiclmiD inneo|ic ay abab, ni buim Dia conjaBab. 
r?o jal) cene Rach n^uala capca buicca ran huaoe, 
Qp Dian abannac inD uilc cenib i pl?airh Qoba 6uilc. 

Qoip Cjiiopc, pe cet) anaoi Decc. Q naoi do Suibne. Ooip mac Qoolia 
QUainn do ma]ibaD la pailBe piann Piobab, arhail apbepc pfipin, 

Ce cliana Dampa ^mn Odip, ap nf puba Daipene, 
dp ann po oipc cacb a Doel, 6 ]io oipcc a Duilene. 

r?o mapbab ['orii lapam a nDi'o^ail Oaip. Qcbepc a rhdcaip accd eccai'ne: 

ba guin pai'p, ni ba cojail Inpe Cafl, 

Oia comae ^dip na mbibban, im cfnD pailbe piaino pibbab. 

r?6ndn, mac Colmain, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD a piche. Qn Deachmab bliabam Do Suibne. Sean- 
acli ^apb, abb Cluana pfpca bpenainn, Decc. Colman mac Coinjellain 
Decc. Ronan, mac Uuarhail, cijfpna na nQiprep, Dej. Copbmnc Caorii, "| 
lollann, mac piacbpach, Decc. mongan, mac piachna Lupjan, Do map- 

■' Achadh-ho-Cainnigh. — Pronounced Aghabo- Aldain." — Ann. Ult. 
Kenny, i. e. Aghabo of St. Canice, or Kenny, This Doir was the son of Aedh Allann, or 

now Aghabo, in the Queen's County — See note % Aedh Uairidhnach, as he is more generally 
under the year 598. In the Annals of Ulster the called, Monarch of Ireland from 605 to 612, and 
deaths of these abbots are entered under this year, 
but in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 619. 

' Rath- Guala. — Fiachna, son of Baedan, who 
burned this fort, was King of Ulidia for thirty 
years, and was slain in 622. Rath-Guala is 
probably the place now called Rathgaile, near 
the town of Donaghadee, in the county of Down. 
In the Annals of Ulster this event is entered 
under the year 622 : " Expu/jnatio Katha Guali 
la [per] Fiachna mac Baetain." 



the person after whom Gaeth-Doir, now Gwee- 
dore Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, and county 
of Donegal, was calleil. This is clear from the 
contiguity of Inis-Caeil, where Failbhe Flann 
Fidhlihadh was killed in revenge of Doir. 

" Jnis-Cail : i. e. the Island of Conall Gael, now 
Iniskecl, an island near the moiith of Gweebarra 
Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, and county of 

Donegal See note ", under A. D. 161 1, p. 2372. 

" Ronan, son of Colman. — " A. D. 623. Mors 
' Aedh Bole. — He was probably the owner of Ivonain mic Colmain; et Colman Stellain obiit." 
Kath-Guala. —Ann. Ult. 

' Doir. — " A. D. G23. Juijultdio Dair mic Aeda " A. D. 619. Ronan mac Colman and Colman 



G19] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 243 

of Achadh-bo-Cainniglii, [died]. Eath-Guala'' was burned by Fiachna, son of 
Baedan, of which Fiachna said : 

Fire caught Rath-Guala, little treasure will escape from it, 

The force which caused it is manifest ; it was not from one spark it caught it ; 

Fire caught Rath-Guala, little treasure will escape from it ; 

Vehemently their evils kindle fire in the fort of Aedh Bole". 

The Age of Christ, G19. Tlie ninth year of Suibhne. Doir', son of Aedh 
Allainn, was slain by Failbhe Flann Fidhbhadh, as he [Failbhe] himself said : 

What advantage to me is the slaying of Dair, as I did not slay Dairene ? 
It is then one kills the chaffer, when he destroys his young ones. 

He was afterwards killed in revenge of Doir. His [Failbhe's] mother said, 
lamenting him : 

It was the mortal wounding of a noble, not the demolition of Inis-cail", 
For whicli the shouts of the enemies were exultingly raised around the head of 
Failbhe Flann Fidhbhadh. 

Ronan, son of Colman"^, died. 

The Age of Christ, 620. The tenth year of Suibhne. Seanach Garbh, 
Abbot of Cluain-fearta-Breanainn [Clonfert], died. Colman, son of Coimgellan^, 
died. Ronan, son of Tuathal, Lord of the Airtheara'', died. Cormac Caemh 
and Illann, son of Fiachra, died. Mongan, son of Fiachra Lurgan", was killed 

Stellan died." — Ann. Clon. ' Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan This and 

" Colman, son of Coimgellan. — He is mentioned the foregoing obits are entered in the Annals of 

in O'Donnell's Life of St. Cohimbkille, lib. ii. Ulster at the year 624 (era com. 625), as fol- 

c. 10, as an infant at the time that Columbkille lows: 

visited his father's house in Dal-Riada, when " Atuuis tenehrosus. Aedan mac Cumascaig, 

the saint took him up in his arms, kissed him, et Colman mac Congellain, aclDominitm migrave- 

and said, in a spirit of prophecy : " Erit puer runt. Eonan mac Tuathail, rex na n Airther, 

iste magnus coram Domino, et in divinis literis et Mongan mac Fiachna Lurgan moriuntur.'" 
sublimiter eruditus, Hibernorum Albanorum- In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 

que dissidia de jure Dalreudina; ditionis olim Mongan, son of Fiaghna Lurgan, is also entered 

in Comitiis de Druimchett sapienti consilio under the year 624, thus : 

componet." — Trias Thaum., p. 41 \. " A. D. 624. Mongan mac Fiaghna, a very 

>' The Airtheara: i.e. the Orientales or inhabi- -well spoken man, and much given to the woo- 

tants of the eastern part of the territory of Oir- ing of women, was killed by one" [Arthur Ap] 

ghialla See note under A. D. 606. " Bicor, a Welshman, with a stone." 

2 i2 



244 aNHQf^a i^io^hachca eiReaNH. [622. 

ba6 no cloich la liQpcuji, mac bicaip, Do bjifbTiaiB, conm Do ]io paib 6ecc 
boiiice : 

dy huap an jaerh Dap lli, Do pail occa i cCiunn ripe ; 

Oo gfnpar gnirii namnup De, maippic TTloTisaTi, mac piachnae. 

Lann Cliiana liaipfip inDiu, ampa cfrpap popp piaDaD, 

Copbniac caem ppi impochiD, ajiip loUann mac piachpach, 

Qgup an Diap aile Dia pognaD mop Do ruacliaib, 

TTlongan, mac piachna Cupjan, ■] l?ondn mac Uuachail. 

Caclial, mac Qooha, pi TTIurhan, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD piche aDo. Qn Dapa bliaDoin Decc Do Suibne. 
S. pfpjna bpir, abb lae -\ eppcop, Dej an Dapa Iri do TTlapra. S. Lachrnain, 
mac Uopben, abb QchaiD mp, Decc lo Do ITlapra. Cacb Caipn pfpaoViai^ 
pia ppailbe piann pop ConDochcaib, Du in po mapbaD Conall, coipeach 
Ua TTlaine, TnaelDub,rnaolDi]in, TTlaolpiiain, TTlaolcaljgaigli,'! Ulaolbpfpail, 
-] apoile i^aopclanna, 1 poDaoine cen mo carpiDe,") po nieabaib pop ^uaipe 
QiDtie, a liionab an carhaigcbe, conab Dopibe appubpab : 

Oo pocliaip Do Conoachcaib, hic ach cuma in cpeipip, 

ITlaolouin, ITlaolpuain, niaolcaljjaigli, Conall, TTlaolDub, TTlaolbpeipil. 

" Beg Boirche. — He was King of Uladh or ruptly called in English Fresliford, a small town 

Ulidia for thirteen years, and died in the year near Kilkenny, in the county of Kilkenny. — 

716. Boirche was the ancient name of the ba- See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical Ilistori/ of Ireland, 

rony of Mourne in the south of the county of vol. iii. p. 26. The name is explained as follows 

Down. in the Life of St. Mochoenioc orPulcherius, pub- 

'' He Now Islay, near Can tire, in Scotland. lished by Colgan at 1 1th of March : " Achadh- 

' Ceann-tire: i.e. Head of the Land, now Can- ur .i. ager viridis seu mollis propter humidita- 

tire in Scotland. lem rivulorum qui transeunt ibi." There is a 

' Cluaiii-Airtltir : i.e. the Eastern Lawn or holy well called Tobar-Lachtin, and there are 

Meadow. Not identified. some curious remains of an old church at the 

' Cathal, soil of Acdh. — "A. D. 624. Cathal, son place. In the Feilire- Aenguis his festival is 

of Hugh, King of Mounster, died." — Ann. Clon. marked at 19th of March ; and, at the same day, 

' St. Feargna Brit — " S. Fergna cognomento the following notice of him is given in O'Clcry's 

Britannicus Episcopus ct Abbas Hiensis obiit Calendar : 

2 Marlii Quat. 3Iag." Colgan, Trias Thaum., " taccuin, macUoipb^in, ubb QcliuiD uiji, i 

p. 498. See also Ussher, Pn'mort/., p. 702. n-Oppctijili, nj'ip 6 Olienlnch pedKpar Qiino 

^' Achadh-Ur: i. e. the Fresh Field, now cor- tDoiuini, 622." 



622.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 245 

with a stone by Arthur, son of Bicar, [one] of the Britons, of wliich Beg 

Boirche" said : 

Cold is the wind across He'', whicli they have at Ceann-tire''; 

They shall commit a cruel deed in consequence, they shall kill Mongan, son of 

Fiachna. 
Where the church of Cluain-Airthir"' is at this day, renowned were the four 

there executed, 
Cormac Caemh with shouting, and Illann, son of Fiachra ; 
And the other two, — to whom many territories paid tribute, — 
Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgau, and Ronan, son of Tuathal. 

Cathal, son of Aedh"", King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Clirist, 622. Tlie twelfth year of Suibhne. St. Feargna Brit', 
Abbot of la, and a bishop, died on the second day of March. St. Lachtnain, 
son of Torben, Abbot of Achadh-Ur^ died on the 10th [rede 19th] of Marcli. 
The battle of Carn-Fearadhaigh"' [was gained] by Failbhe Flann over the Con- 
naughtmen, wherein were slain Conall, chief of Ui-Maine, Maeldubh, Maelduin, 
Maelruain, Maelcalgaigh, and Maelbreasail, and other nobles and plebeians 
besides them ; and Guaire-Aidline was routed from the battle-field ; of whicli 
was said : 

There fell of the Connaughtmen, at Ath-cuma-an-tseisir", 
Maelduin, Maelruain, Maelcalgaigh, Conall, Maeldubh, Maelbreisil. 

" Lachtain, son of Torben, abbot of Acliadh- battle is entered under the year 626, and in the 

Ur, in Ossory, and of Bealach Feabhrath, A. D. Annals of Clonmacnoise under 624, as follows: 

622." " A. D. 626. Bel/im Cairn-Fearadaig i Cliu" 

Colgan gives a short Life of this saint at 19 [i.e. inCliu-Mail-niic-Ugaine] "j/Ji Failbi Flann 

Martii. He was a native of Muscraighe [Mus- Feiniin victo?- evat. Guaire Aidhne y»y;V." 

kerry], in the present county of Cork, and Ann. Ult. 

erected a church at Bealach-Feabhradh, which " A. D. 624. The battle of Carnferaye, where 

is probably the place now called Ballagharay, Falvy Flynn had the victory, and Gawrie Aynie 

or Ballaghawry, a townland situated in the took his flight, — Conell mac Moyleduffe, prince 

west of the parish of Kilbolane, barony of of Imain, Moyledoyne, Moylecalgie, and Moyle- 

Orbhraighe, or Orrery, and county of Cork. bressal, with many other nobles, were slain, — 

•* Carn-Fearadhaigh. — A mountain in the ter- was fought this year." — Ann. Clon. 

ritory of Cliu-Mail, in the south of the county ' Ath-cuma-an-tseisir : i. e. the Ford of the 

of Limerick. — See note ^, under A. M. 3656, Slaughtering of the Si.\. This name is now 

p. 4L supi'a. Li the Annals of Ulster this obsolete. 



246 



awNa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[623. 



Cach LeclieD TTliDiTit), i nD|iuin7;, |iic( bpiachna, mac Oemain, cijepna 
Dal bpiacacli, pop piachna, mac mbaooain, pi'UlaD. Vio meabaib an each 
pop piachna mac baooam, -] cfp ann. TTlac Caippe, eppcop -\ abb Qpoa 
TTlaca, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD piche arpf. Cnlman mac Ua bapDDani (.1. Do Dal 
bappDoinne a cenel) abb Climna mic Noip oecc. lap mheich rpi bliaOna 
Decc Do Suibne TTleann In pplaicbeap Gpecinn Do cfp la Congal cClaon, mac 
Scanblain, 1 Upaijli bpena. Conab Dia 010I116 acpubpab : 

Suibne co plojhaiB Dm poi, Do cappaijh bponaij bpenai, 

l?o mapbuD an jaerh 50 ngail, la Congal caecli mctc ScanDail. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD picbe a cfcaip. Ctn ceo BliaDain Do DomnaU, mac 
Qooba, mic Qinmipecli, hi pighe nGpeann. S. Colman Scellan 6 Ui'p Da 
^lap Deg, 26 TTiaii. S. ITktoDocc, eppucc pfpna, Decc 31 laniiapi. Ronan, 



^ Lethecl-Midinn, at Drung. — This is probably 
the place now called Cnoc-Lethed, or Knock- 
layd, and situated in the barony of Cathraighe, 
or Carey, and county of Antrim. In the Annals 
of Ulster this battle is noticed under the year 
fi'25 ; and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 624, 
as follows : 

" A. D. 625. Bellum Lethed Midind, in quo 
cecidit Fiachna Lurgan. Fiachna mac Deamain 
victor erat." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 624. The battle of Lehed-niynd was 
fought, where Fiaghna mac Deniayne killed 
Fiaghna mac Boydan, King of Dalnary, and in 
revenge thereof those of Dalriada challenged 
Fiaghna mac Demain, and killed him in the 
battle of Corran by the hands of Gonad Kearr." 
— Ann. C'lon. 

' Mac Laisre: i. e. the son of Laisir. Ware 
and Colgan think that he is the person called 
" Terenannus Archipontifrx Hibernia;" in the 
Life of St. Laurence, Arclibishoii of Canterbury. 
See Colgan's I'rias Thaum., p. 293, col. 2; and 
Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. .'i!>. 

■" Colman Mac Ua Bardani. — " A. D. G27. 



PfMMaColumbani,filii Barddaeni Ahbatis Clono." 
— Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 624. Columban mac Bardan, Abbot 
of Clonvicknose, died." — Ann. Clan. 

" Traii/h-Brena. — This is not the Brena in 
the county of Down, mentioned under A. M. 
2546, p. 7, supra, but Brentracht-Maighe-Itha, 
that part of the shore of Lough Swilly nearest 
to Aileach, in the barony of Inishowen, and 
county of Donegal. — See Battle of Magh-Rath, 
p. 37, where it is stated that Suibhne Meann 
was near Aileach, when he was slain by Congal 
Claen. Suibneus, Monarch of Ireland, is men- 
tioned by Adamnan in his Vita Cohimb., lib. i. 
c. 9, and lib. iii. c. 5. His death is mentioned 
in the Annals of Ulster, under the year 627 : 
" Ocddo Suibne Menn, mic Fiachna, mic Fcra- 
daid, mic Murethaig, mic Eogain, Ki Erenn, la 
Congal Cacch, mac Sganlain i Traig Breni." 

° Domhnall, son of AcdJi. — He succeeded 

Suibhne in 628, and died in 642 Ogygia, 

p. 431 . Adamnan says, in his Vita Columb., lib. i. 
c. 10, tluil this Domhnall was a boy when the 
Convention of Druim-Ceat was held (A. D. 590), 



623.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IliELAND. 



247 



The battle of Lethed-Midinn, at Drung'', [was fought] by Fiachna, son of 
Deman, Lord of I3al-Fiatach, against Fiaclina, son of Baodan, King of Ulidia. 
The battle was gained over Fiaclina, son of Baedan, and he fell therein. Mac 
Laisre', Bishop and Abbot of Ard-Macha, died. 

The Age of Christ, 623. Cohnan ]\Iac Ua Bardani™, of the tribe of Dal- 
Barrdainne, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. After Suibhne Meann had been 
thirteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain at Traigh-Brena", by 
Congal Claen ; of which was said : 

Suibhne, with hosts attending him, the destructive people of Brena overtook 

him ; 
The valorous sage was slain by Congal Caech, son of Scannal. 

The Age of Christ, 624. The first year of Domhnall, son of Aedh", son of 
Ainmire, in the sovereignty of Ireland. St. Colraan Stellan, of Tir-da-ghlas 
[Terryglas], died on the 26th of May. St. Maedliog, Bishop of Fearna", died 



and that St. Columbkille there gave him his 
blessing : " Quern cum Sanctus benedixisset, 
continue ait ; hie post super omnes suos fratres 
superstes erit, et Rex valde famosus : nee un- 
quam in mauus inimicorum tradetur, sed morte 
placida in senectute, et intra domum suam 
coram araicorura familiarium turba super suum 
raorietur lectum. Qua3 omnia secundum beati 
vaticinium viri de eo vere adimpleta sunt." — 
Trias Thaum., p. 341. 

P Fearna. — A place abounding in alder trees, 
now Ferns, an ancient ejiiscopal seat on the 
River Bann, about five miles to the north of 
Enniscorthy, in the county of Wexford. — See 
note on the battle of Dunbolg, A. D. 594 ; see 
also Ussher's Primordia, p. 864 ; and Colgan's 
edition of the Life of St. Maidocus at 31st Janu- 
ary, Acta Sanctorum, p. 208, et seqq. This saint is 
now usually called Mogue throughout the dio- 
cese of Ferns, and in the parishes of Drumlane 
and Templeport, in the county of Cavan, and 
in that of Rossinver, in the county of Leitrim, 
where his memory is still held in the highest 



veneration. The children who are called after 
him at baptism are now usually, though incor- 
rectly, called Moses by the Roman Catholics, 
but more correctly Aidan by the Protestants, 
throughout the diocese of Ferns. His first 
name was Aedh, of which Aedhan, Aidan, and 
Aedhoc, are diminutive forms; and the pronoun 
mo, mt/, is usually prefixed to form an uinm 
baiD, or name of affection. This custom among 
the ancient Irish is explained by Colgan as fol- 
lows, in a note on this name : 

" Scribitur quidem in Hiberuico vetustiori 
Moedoc, Maedoc, Aodan, Oedan, Oedoc, Aedoc, 
in recentiori Maodorj, Aedan, Aod/i, Aodhog : et 
hino latinis Codicibus varie Aldus, Aidantis, 
Jloedoc : apud Capgravium Maedocius : in Co- 
dice Insula; sanctorum Aedanu-s, Moedocus, in 
hac vita ; in aliis Codicibus et praesertim mar- 
tyrologiis Oedus, Aedus, et Moedocus. Causam 
tam variffi lectionis in notis ad vitam S. Itae 15 
Januarii assignavimus trijilicem. Prima est 
quod ubi Hiberni nunc passim scribunt Ao 
prisci scribebant Oe vel Ae: etubi illi litteram 



248 



aNNa?,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[G26. 



mac Colmain, Decc. Cach Duin Ceirhepn jiia nOomnall, mac Qoolia, mic 
Ctinmipecli, pop Conjal Caocli, no Claon, mac Scanolain, Dii in jio mapbao 
^uaijie ^aillt^each, mac po|iannain,-] apoile pocliame, -] po meabaiD lapiiiti 
pop Congal, Dia nebpaD : 

Cach Ouin Ceiripn oia paiBe cpu puab oap puile glaj^a, 
bacap pop plioclic Conjail cpuim coUa minripfmpa mappa. 

Carh Qpoa Copamn la ConDaibCepp, n jepna Oail Riaoa, aipm in po 
mapbao piaclina, mac Oemaui, pf Ula6. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD pidie a cuij. Qn napa bliaoain oo Domnall. pionn- 
cain TTlaoloub do ecc. TTlobai, mac Ui Ctloai. Cacli Lfraipbe ecip ITiaol- 
pirpi j, coipeacli cenel mic eapcca, -\ Gpnaine mac piacpac, roi peach Cenel 
pfpanhai;^;, on in po mnpbab TTlaolpicpij, mac Qooha Uaipiobnaigh. bpan- 
niib, mac TTlailcoba, tiej. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche apeachc. Qn cfcparhaD bliaDain oo Oomnall. 
Cacli Qcha Qbla, Du in po mapbab Diciil, mac pfpgupa Tuli la TTluriiain. 
Imp TTIeDcoic Dpocucchao la heppcop Qeohain. 



{/. hie c scrlbere consueverint. Secunda est, 
quod solebant diminutiva, loco nomiuum pro- 
priorum ponere, ut loco Paulus PmiUnus, et 
quod diraiinitiva ordinarie apud eos desinant in 
art, en, in, vel oc, seu og: et hinc loco Aodh, 
ssepe Aodhan, Aodhoc, seu Aodog. Tertia quod 
venerationis et amoris causa, solebant noniini- 
bus propriis prseiigere syllabam mo quod meum 
sonat ; vel ubi incipiebant nomina a vocali so- 
lum prffifigebant litteram vi, et bine Aodhog, 
Oedhoc, appcllabant Maodhog et Maedhog. Qui 
ad ha;c attendet, non solum praidictse variationis, 
sed et niultorum similium originem et causas 
facile sciet." — Acta Sanctoruvi, p. SIG, n. 5. 

"i Dun-Ceitliern Translated " munitio Cei- 

thirni" by Adamnan in his Vita Culuiidj., lib. i. 
c. 49. This fort is still known, but callid in 
English " the Giant's Sconce." It is a stone 
fort, built in the Cyclopean style, on the sum- 
mit of a conspicuous hill in the parish of Dun- 
l)0f, in the north of the county of Londonderry. 



The earliest writer who mentions this battle is 
Adamnan, who states that it had been predicted 
by St. Columbkille that it would be fought be- 
tween " Nelli nepotes et Cruthini populi," i. e. 
between the northern Ui-Neill and the Irish 
Cruithnigh or people of Dalaradia, and that a 
neighbouring well would be polluted with hu- 
man slaughter. Adamnan, who was born in 
the year in which this battle was fought, has 
the following notice of this battle as foreseen by 
St. Columbkille: 

"In quo bello (ut nuilti norunt populi) Dom- 
nallus Aidi filius victor sublimatus est, et in 
eodem, secundum Sancti vaticinium viri, fonti- 
culo, quidam de parentelu ejus interfectus est 
homo. Alius mihi, Adamnano, Christi miles, 
Finananus, nomine, qui vitam niultis anachore- 
ticam annij juxta Hoboreti monasterium camj)i 
irreprehensibiliter duccbat, de codcni bello se 
prffisente conimisso aliqua enarrans protestatus 
est in supradicto fonte truncum cadaverinum se 



626.] ANNALS OF THE KINCxDOM OF IRELAND. 249 

on the 31st of January. Ronan, son of Colman, died. The battle of Dun- 
Ceitherni [was gained] by Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Congal 
Caech, or Claen'', son of Scannlan, where Guaire Gaillseach, son of Forannan, 
and many otliers, were slain ; and Congal was afterwards defeated ; of which 
was said : 

The battle of Dun-Ceithirn, in which there was red blood over grey eyes ; 
There were in the track of Congal Crom bodies thick-necked, comely. 

The battle of Ard-Corainn' [was gained] by Connadh Cerr, Lord of Dal- 
Eiada, where Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 62G. The second year of Domhnall. Finntan Mael- 
dubh died. Mobhai mac Ui Aldai [died]. The battle of Leathairbhe' between 
Maelfithrigh, chief of Cinel-Mic-Earca, and Ernaine, son of Fiachra, chief of 
Cinel-Fearadhaigh, where Maelfithrigh, son of Aedh Uairidhnach, was slain. 
Brandubh", son of Maolcobha, died. 

The Age of Christ, 627. The fourth year of Domhnall. The battle of 
Ath-Abla"", where Dicul, son of Fearghus, was slain by the Munstermen. [The 
monastery of] Inis-Medcoit'' was founded by Bishop Aedhan. 

vidisse, &c — Trias Thamn., p. 34[). Maelfitric cccidit. Ernaine mac Fiachna victvr 

In the Annals of Ulster this battle is men- eraf'' — Ann. Ult. 
tioned under the year 628, as follows : " A. D. 629. Bellum Lethirbe inter Genus 

"A. D. 628 — Bellum Jinn Ceithivum in quo Eugain invicem, in quo Maelfitric cecidit." — 

Congal Ca&chfugit, et Domhnall mac Aedo vie- Ibid, 
tor erat, in quo cecidit Guaire mac Forindan." " Bi-an Dubli. — " A. D. 629. Jugulatio Bran- 

' Congal Caech, or Claen. — He was known by duib mic Maelcobo." — Ann. Ult. 

both surnames or sobriquets, Caech meaning "■Ath-Ahla Not identified. " A. D. 631. .Be^- 

blind, or one-eyed, and Claen, squint-eyed or lum Atho Aubla, in quo cecidit Diciull mac Fer- 

perverse — See Battle ofMagh-Rath, p. 37, note ^ gusa Tuile la Mumain." — Ann. Ult. 

^ Ard-Corainn. — Not identified. There is a "" Inis-Medcoit This island is described in the 

piece of land near Larne, in the county of An- Feilire-Aenguis, at 31st August, as " i n-iaprap 

trim, called Con-an. " A. D. 626. Bellum Arda- cuciipcipc Saian m-bic," "in the north-west 

Corain. Dalriati victores erant ; in quo cecidit of Little Saxon-land, where Aedan, son of Lu- 

Fiachna mac Deamain." — Ann. Ult. gain, son of Ernin, was interred." The festival 

' Leathairbhe. — Not identified. "A. D. 628. of this Aedan is also entered in O'Clery's Irish 

Mors Echdach Buidhe, regis Pictorum, filii Ae- Calendar at 31st August, and it is added that 

dain. Sic in libro Cuanach inveni. Vel sicut in he went on a pilgrimage to Inis-Meadcoit, in 

Libro Dubhdalethe narratur. Bellum Letirbe the north-west of Saxan-Beg. It was probably 

inter Cenel-Mic-Erca et Cenel Feradaig, in quo the British name of the Island of Lindisfarne, 

2 K . - 



2.50 



aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[628. 



Qoip Cpiopc, Y& ceo picVie a hochc. Ctn cuicceao bliabain oo Oorhnall. 
Cadi Qclia ^oan, i niapfa|i Lippe, )iia ppaolan, mac Colmain,"! pia Conall, 
mac Suibne, coiyech mi6e,-| pia bpailje (no bpailbe) piann, pi TTluman, 
aipm in po mapbab Cpiomcann, mac Qooha, mic Seanai j, pi Laijfn, co 
pocliaiDe oile imaille ppif. TTiop TTlurhan Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo rpiocha. Qn pechcrhao bliabain do Oorhnall. Da 
mac Qo6a Slaine do rhapbaD la Conall, mac Suibne, oc Coch Cpenn, oc 
Ppemoinn,.i.Con5al,coipecli bpfgli.pfnacbaipUa cConainj,-] Qibll Cpuicipe, 
pfnachaip Sbil nOlucliaigh. Carh Sej^aipi, Du map mapbaoli Cocene, mac 
Nechcain CfnDpoDa, 1 Comapccacli, mac Qonjapa. Carb Cuile Caolain 
pe nDiapmaiD, mac Qo6a Slaine, aipm in po mapbaD Da mac Qongupa, mic 
Colmdin TTloip .i. TTIaoluma "| Colcca,"] apaill oile amaille ppiu, Dia nebpaoli : 

Cach Cuile Caolain caine, po bo Daonbaij co nDile, 
ITleabaiD pia nOiapmaic Oeala, pop piopa mfba TTliDe, 
hi puba Coljan cfnDbdin, agup Rlaolurha inD ollgpdiD, 
Dd mac Ctonjapa apmgloip, mic cpurjlan calmoip Colmdin. 

Segene, abb lae Coluim Cille, do poruccab ecclaipe Recpainne. Conall, 



or Holy Island, in Northumberland, concerning 
which see Bade, Eccl. Hist., lib. iii. c. 3. 

> Ath-Goan : i. e. Goan's Ford; not identified. 

' larthar-Liffe. — That part of the present 
county of Kildare, embraced by the River Liffey 
in its horse-shoe winding, was anciently called 
Oirthear-LifFe, i. e. East of LiiFey; and that 
part lying west of the same winding was called 
larthar-LilTu, i.e. west of Lifi'ey. Both districts 
belonged to the Ui-Faelain, or O'Byrnes, pre- 
viously to the English invasion. 

■' Mor-Mnmhan. — Slie was Queen of Munster, 
and wife of Finghin, King of Munster, ancestor 
of the O'Sullivans. Dr. O'Conor mistranslates 
this entry, mistaking Mor, a woman's name, for 
Maor, or Moer, a steward, " QSconomus Mo- 
moniffi doccssit ;" but this is childish in the 
extreme, because Mor is a woman's name, and 
never means ceconomus. In Mageoghegan's trans- 



lation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, the death 
of this Queen is entered under 632, as follows : 

"■ A. D. 632. More, Queen of Mounster, and 
surnamed More of Mounster, died." 

It is added in the margin that she was the 
wife of Finghin, King of Munster : " ITlop 
niuman, bean pmjin, pij TTIuTiian." — See note 
on Failbhc Flann, infra. 

'' Loch Trelhiii. — Now Loch Drethin, anglice 
Lough Drin, a small lough in the parish ol' 
Mullingar, about one mile and a half to the east 
of the hill of Freamhain, or Frewin, in the 
county of Westmeath. This event is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster at 633, and in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise at 632, as follows : 

" A. D. 633. Jugnlatio diim-um jiliorum Aedo 
Slaine la Conall mac Suibhne occ Loch Treithin 
ap Fremuin, .i. Congal ri Breag, ocus Ailill 
Cruidire, senathair Sil Dluthaig." — Ann. Ult. 



628.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 251 

The Age of Christ, 628. The fifth year of Domhnall. The battle of Ath- 
Goan'', in Iarthar-Liffe^ by Faelan, son of Colman ; by Conall, son of Suibhne, 
chief of Meath ; and by Failge, or Failbhe Flann, King of Munster, wherein was 
slain Crimhthann, son of Aedh, son of Seanach, King of Leinster, with many 
others along with him. Mor-Mumhan^ died. 

The Age of Christ, 630. The seventh year of Domhnall. The two sons 
of Aedh Slaine were slain by Conall, son of Suibhne, at Loch Trethin\ at 
Freamhain, namely, Congal, chief of Breagh, ancestor of the Ui-Conaing, and 
Ailill Cruitire [i. e. the Harper], ancestor of the Sil-Dluthaigh. The battle of 
Seaghais^ wherein were slain Loichen, son of Neachtain Ceannfoda, and Comas- 
gach, son of Aenghus. The battle of Cuil-Caelain'', by Diarmaid, son of Aedh 
Slaine, where the two sons of Aenghus, son of Colman Mor, namely, Maelumha 
and Colga, and some others along with them, were slain ; of which was said : 

The battle of the fair Cuil-Caelain, it was [fought] on one side with devoteduess, 
Was gained by Diarmaid, of Deala, over the mead-drinking men of Meath, 
In which the white-headed Colgan was pierced, and Maelumha of great dignity, 
Two sons of Aenghus of glorious arms, the son of fine-shaped, great-voiced 
Colman. 

Segene, Abbot of la-Coluim Cille, founded the church of Rechrainn''. Conall, 

" A. D. 632. The killing of the two 'sons of was fought, where Dermot mac Hugh Slane 

Hugh Slane, Congal, Prince of Brey, of whom killed Moyleowa mac Enos, and his brother, 

the O'Connyngs descended, and Ailill the Colga." — Ann. Clon, 

Harper, ancestor of Sile-Dluhie, by the hands 'Rechrainn — Now Ragharee, or Rathlin Island, 

of Conell mac Swyne, at Loghtrehan, neer situated oS the north coast of the county of 

Frewyn, in Westmeath." Antrim. — See note "', under A. D. 15.51, p. 1521. 

' Seagliais See note °, under A. D. 499, The erection of the church of Rechrainn is en- 

p. 161, supra. This battle is entered in the tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 634, 

Annals of Ulster under the year 634. and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 632. Dr. 

■' Cuil-Caelain : i.e. Caelan's Corner, or Angle. O'Conor says thatSegienus should be considered 

Not identified. This battle is entered in the rather the restorer than the original founder of 

Annals of Ulster under the year 634, and in the chvirch of Rechrainn, inasmuch as it appears 

the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 632, thiis : from Adamnan's Vita Columb., lib. ii. c. 41, that 

" A. D. 634. Bellum Cuile Coelain pe nDiar- this church was erected by St. Columbkille. 

mait mac Aeda Slaine in quo cecidit Maelumai But it appears from O'Donnell's Life of St. 

mac Oengusa." — Ann. Ult. Columbkille (lib. i. c. 65), and various other 

" A. D. 632. The battle of Cowle-Keallan authorities, that the island of Rachrainn, on 

2 K 2 



252 



awNata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[631. 



mac Suibne, coiy^ech TTliDe, -| maoluma, mac popanndin, do rhaiibao la Diop- 
maicc, mac Qo6a Slaine. 

Qoir Cpiopr, pe ceo rpiocha a hoon. Qn coclirriiaD bliaDain do Ooiti- 
nall. Gpname, mac piachna, coipech Chenel pfpaDliaij, Do mapbaD. Qp 
laipfiDe copchaip inaolpichpi5,macQoD}iaLIaipio6nai5, hi ccach Lechepbe. 
Caprach, .1. TllochuDa, mac pioriDaiU do lonnapbaDh a T?acham. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo rpiocha a cpf. Qn DfcliTriaD bliabain do Domnall. 
pailbe piann, pf TTluman, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cpiocba acfraip. Qn caonmaD bliuDain Decc do 
Domnall. S. GochaiD, abb Lip nioip, Decc an 17 oQippil. S. pioniicain, mac 
Uelchain, Decc an 21 DOccobep. Cach TTiaighe Rar pia nOomnall, mac 



which St. Columbkille erected a church, be- 
longed to the east of Bregia, in Meath. It was 
the ancient name of the present island of Lam- 
bay, near Dublin. Segienus, Abbot of lona, is 
mentioned by Bede in Hist. EccL, lib. iii. c. 5 ; 
and by Adamnan in Vita Columb., lib. i. c. 3. — 
See Colgan's Trias Thamn., p. 374, n. 30. 

' Cotiall, son of Suihhne. — "A. D. 634. Occisio 
Conaill mic Suibhne, i tig Mic Nafraig, la Diar- 
mait mac Aeda Slaine." — Aim. Ult. 

" A. D. 632. Conall mac Sweyne, King of 
Meath, was slain by Dermot mac Hugh Slane, 
or rather by Moyleowa mac Forannaine." — 
Ann. Clon. 

« Cind-Fearadhairjh A tribe of the Cinel- 

Eoghain, seated in the present barony of Clogher, 
in the county of Tyrone. In the Annals of 
Ulster this entry is given under the year 635 : 
" ./ufjulatio Ernain mic Fiachae, qui visit Mael- 
fitric filium Aedo Alddain, in hello Letirbe." 

'' Rathain : otherwise spelled Raithin, i. e. 
Filicetum, or Ferny Land, now Rahen, a town- 
land containing the remains of two ancient 
churches situated in the barony of Ballycowan, 
in the King's Coimty — See Petrie's Round 
Toilers, where these remains are described. 
Archdall, and from him Lanigan (Eccl. Hist., 
vol. ii. p. 3.53) erroneously state tliat the place 



whence Carthach was expulsed is Rathyne in 
the barony of FertuUagh, and county of West- 
meath. — See Ussher's Frimord., p. 910. In the 
Annals of Tighernach, the " EfTugatio" of St. 
Carthach from Raithin "in diebiis pascha:" is 
entered at A. D. 636, in the Annals of Ulster 
at 635, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 
632." 

' FailhheFlann. — He was the younger brother 
of Finghin, the husband of Mor Mumhan, from 
whom the O'Sullivans are descended. This 
Failbhe, who is the ancestor of the Mac Carthys, 
seems to have been very unpopular at his acces- 
sion to the throne of Munster, as appears from 
the following quatrain, quoted by Keating, and 
in the Book of Munster: 

" 6heic jnn Pm^in, Beir jnn IDoip, 
Oo Chaipeul ip oatiina bpoin, 
Ip ion inn ip Beir jan ni, 
rriup e puilBe plann Bup p!." 

" To be without Finghin, to be without Mor, 

To Casliel is cause of sorrow. 

It is the same as to be without anything 

If Failbhe Flann be the King." 

From these lines, which are well known to 
the shanachies of Munster, it is contended that 
the O'Sullivans are of a senior branch of tlic 



631.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2.53 



son of Suibline', chief of Mealli, and Mueluuilia, son ofForannan, were slain by 
Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine. 

The Age of Christ, 63L The eighth year of Domhnall. Ernainc, son of 
Fiachna, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh", was slain. It was by him Maelfithrigli, 
son of Aedh Uairidhnach, was slain in the battle of Letherbhe. Carthach, 
i. e. Mochuda, son of Finnall, was banished from Rathain*". 

The Age of Christ, 633. The tenth year of Domhnall. Failbhe Flann', 
King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 634. The eleventh year of Domluiall. St Eochaidh, 
Abbot of Lis-mor'', died on the 17th of April. St. Finntan, son of Telchan', 
died on the 21st of October. The battle of Magh-Rath™ [was gained] by 



royal family of Munster than the Mac Carthys ; 
and indeed there can be little doubt of the fact, 
as their ancestor, Fiughin, son of Aedh UufF, 
died in 619, when he was succeeded by his bro- 
ther, Failbhe Flann. In the Annals of Ulster the 
death of" Failbhe Flann Feimin, rex Mumhan," 
is entered under the year 636. 

'' Lis-mor: i. e. Lismore, in the county of 
Waterford. The festival of this Eochaidh is 
entered in O'Clery's Irish Calendar at 17th 
April. 

' Finntan, son of Telchan. — This saint was 
otherwise called Munna, and was the founder of 
the monastery of Tcach-Munna, now Taghmon, 
in the county of Wexford. He attended the 
Synod of Leighlin in 630, where he attempted 
to defend the old Irish mode of computing Eas- 
ter against the new Roman method. — See Cum- 
mianus's Epistle to Segienus, Abbot of lona, on 
the Paschal controversy, in Ussher's Syllogce, 
No. xi. ; also Primordia, p. 936. In the Annals 
of Ulster his death is entered under the year 
634, but in the Annals of Tighernach at 636, 
which is the true year. His contemporary, 
Adamnan, gives a very curious account of this 
Fintanus tilius Tailcani in his Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 2, where he calls him " Sanctus Finte- 
nus per universas Scotorum Ecclesias valde nos- 



cibilis, &c. &c. studiis dialis sophiie deditus, 
&c." In the Feilire-Aenguis, at his festival 
(21st October), it is stated that his father, 
Taulchan, was a Druid. 

" Magh Jiath.—Novf Moira, a village in a pa- 
rish of tlie same name, in the barony of Lower 
Iveagh, and county of Down. The earliest 
writer who notices this battle is Adamnan, 
who, in his Vita Columb., lib. iii. c. 5, says that 
St. Columbkille had warned Aidan and his de- 
scendants, the Kings of Alba, not to attack his 
relatives in Ireland, for so surely as they should, 
the power of their enemies would prevail over 
them. Adamnan, who was about thirteen years 
old when this battle was fought, says that a pro- 
phecy of St. Columbkille's was fulfilled in the 
consequences of it. His words are: 

" Hoc autem vaticinium temporibus nostris 
completiun est in bello Rath, Domnallo Brecco, 
nepote Aidani sine causa vastante provinciam 
Domnill nepotis Ainmirech : et a die ilia, us- 
que hodie adhuc in proclivo sunt ab extraneis, 
quod suspiria doloris pectora incutit." — Trias 
Thaum., p. 365. 

This battle is noticed in the Annals of Ulster 
and the Chronicon Scotorum at the year 636, 
and in the Annals of Tighernach at 637, which 
is the true year. — See the romantic story on 



254 



aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[635. 



Qeolia, 1 ]iia macaib Qeolia Slaine pop Consal Claon, mac Scanolam, ]\i 
Ula6, ou iccopchai]! Conjal, Ulaib, l Qllmcippaij cqi aon pif. Cach Sael- 
npe pici cConall cCaol, mac TTlaoilcoBa, pop Cenel nGoghain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cpiocha a cuig. Qn Dapa bliabain oecc do Oomnall. 
Qilill, mac Qo6a l?6in, Consal, mac Ouncliaoha, Decc. Ouinpeach, bfn 
Oomnaill, mic Qo6a, pi Gpeann, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a pe. Qn cpeap blia6ain Decc Do Domnall. 
S. TTlocliuDa, eppcop Lip moip -| abb Raifne, Decc 14 TTlan. Cach Carpac 
ClimDcon la TTlurfiain pia nQongup Liar, pop maolDuin, mac Qoba bfnDain. 
TTlaoloDap TTIaclm, plaic Oipjiall, Decc. maolouin, mac QoDa, Do lopcab 
I nlnip caoin. ITlaolouin, mac peapgiipa, -\ TTlaolDuin, mac Colmdin, Decc. 

Qoip C]nopc pe ceD cpiocha a pfchc. Qn cecparhaD bliabain Decc Do 
Oortinall. S. Cpondn mac Ua Loegoe, abb Cluana mic Moip, Decc 18 lull. 
S. TTlochiia, abb balla, Decc 30 TTlapca. 



the subject of this battle, printed for the Irish 
Archseological Society in 1 842. 

" Saeltire This place is unknown to the 

Editor. It is stated in the Annals of Ulster, 
that this battle and the battle of Eoth (Magh 
Rath), were fought on the same day. 

" A. D. G36. Bellum Eoth, et Bellum Sailtire 
in una die facta sunt. Conall Gael, mac Mael- 
cobo, socius Domhnaill, victor erat, de Geneve 
Eugain, in hello Saeltire." 

° AiliU, son of Aedh Boin — His death is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 638. 

'' Congal, son of Dunchadh. — " A. D. 638. 
Jugulatio Congaile mac Duncha." — Ann. Tilt. 

'' Djiinseach " A. D. 638. Obitus Duinsicaj 

uxoris ]!)omhnaill." — Anti. Ult. 

" A. D. 637. The death of Downesie, wife of 
King Donell, and Queen of Ireland." — Ann.Clon. 

' Mochuda — The death of this bishop is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster under the year 
637, and in the Annals of Tighornach and those 
of Clonmacnoise under 637 (2 Id. Mali), which 
is the true date. — See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical 
History of Ireland, vol. ii. pp. 353, 355. 



" Lis-mor: i. e. the Great Lis or earthen fort, 
translated Atrium magnum by the writer of 
the Life of St. Carthach ; now Lismore, on the 
Eiver Neimh, now the Blackwater, in the west 
of the county of Waterford, anciently called 
Crich-na-nDeise. It is evident from entries in 
these Annals at the years 588 and 610, that 
there was an ecclesiastical establishment here 
before the expulsion of St. Carthach from Eai- 
thin, in FircalJ, in 636 ; but it was remodelled 
and erected into a bishopric by him a short 
time before his death. Moelochtride, prince of 
Naudesi (i. e. the Desies), made him a grant of 
a considerable tract of land lying round the 
atrium called Lismore, which was originally a 
mere earthen enclosure, but in a short time the 
place acquired an extraordinary celebrity, and 
was visited by scholars and holy men from all 
parts of Ireland, as well as from England and 
Wales, as we learn from the following passage 
in his Life : 

" Egregia et Sancta civitas Lcss-mor : cujus 
dimidium est asylum, in qua nulla mulier audet 
intrare, scd plenum est cellis et monasteriis 



635.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2.5.0 



Domhnall, son of Acdh, and tlie sons of Aedh Slaine, over Congal Claen, son 
of Scannlan, King of Ulidia, where fell Congal, and the Ulidians and foreigners 
along with him. The battle of Sacltire" [was gained] by Conall Gael, son of 
Maelcobha, over the Cinel-Eoghain. 

The Age of Christ, 635. The twelfth year of Domhnall. Ailill, son of 
Aedh Roin"; Congal, son of Dunchadh", died. Duinseachi, wife of Domhnall, 
son of Aedh, King of Ireland, died. 

The Age of Christ, 636. The thirteenth year of Domhnall. St. Mochuda', 
Bishop of Lis-mor^ and Abbot of Raithin [Rahen], died on the 14th of May. 
The battle of Cathair-Chinncon', in Munster, [was gained] by Aenghus Liath, 
over Maelduin, son of Aedh Beannan. Maelodhar Macha", chief of Oirghialla, 
died. Maelduin, son of Aedh"^, was burned at Inis-caein". Maelduin, son of 
Fearghus, and Maelduin, son of Colman, died. 

The Age of Christ, 637. The fourteenth year of Domhnall. St. Cronan 
Mac-Ua-Loegde'', Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died on the 1 8th of July. St. Mochua, 
Abbot of Balla^ died. 



Sanctis, et multitudo virorum sanctorum semper 
illic manet. Viri enim religiosi ex omni parte 
Hiberniffi, et non solum, sed ex Anglia et Bri- 
tannia confluunt ad earn, volentes ibi migrare 
ad Christum. Et est ipsa civitas posita super 
ripam fluminis quandam dicti Nem, modo autem 
Aban-mor, id est, amnis magnus, in plaga re- 
gionis Nandesi." — Ussher's Primord., p. 943 ; 
see also the same work, pp. 910, 919. St. Car- 
thach or Mochuda's festival is entered in the 
Feilire-Aeiiguis and O'CIery's Irish Calendar, at 
14th May. 

' Cathair-Chinncon. This was the name of a 
stone fort near Eockbarton, the seat of Lord 
Guillamore, in the barony of Small County, and 
county of Limerick. In the Annals of Ulster 
this battle is noticed under the year 639, as 
follows : 

"A. D. 639. -BeZ^am Cathrach-Cinncon. Oen- 
gus Liathdana victor erat. Maelduin mac Aeda 
Benain_/»^i<." 

" Maelodhar Macha In the Annals of Tigh- 



ernach and the Annals of Ulster he is called 
" rex Orientalium," which is intended for pij 
na n-Oi|iceap, i. e. King of the Oriors, two ba- 
ronies in the east of the present county of Ar- 
magh ; but in the Battle of Maijh-Rath (p. 28), 
he is called pi noi ccpica ceo Oipjiall, i. e. 
King of the Nine Cantreds of Oriel, a territory 
which comprised, at this period, the present 
counties of Louth, Armagh, Monaghan, and 
parts of Tyrone. 

" Maelduin, son of Aedh. — " A. D. 640. Com- 
hustio Maelduin in insula Caini. Jugulatio Mael- 
duin mio Fergusa, et Maelduin mic Colmain." — 
Ann. Ult. 

" Inis-Caein. — Now Inishkeen, in the county 
of Louth, on the borders of Monaghan. 

>■ Cronan-mac-Ua-LoegJide. — "A. D. 637. Cro- 
nan maoc-U-Loeghdea, ahbas Cluana-mic-Nois, 
obiit." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 637. Cronan mac Oloye, abbot of 
Clonvicnose, died." — Aiin. Clon. 

' Balla Now Balla or Bal, a village in the 



256 



aNwa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[638. 



Qoip Cpiopc, fe ceD rpiocha a liochc. 5. Ciiican in Qonr>]iuim tiecc an 
]^eaccrtia6 oecc do TTlaii. Ctooh Dub, abb -[ eppcop Cille Dapa, Dej, i ba 
pi Caijfn ap rop epibe. Dalaipe, mac liU IniDae, abb Leichjlmne, Decc. 

Ctoip Cpiopn, pe ceD cpiocha anaoi. S. Oagan liibip Daoile oo ecc 13 
Sepcembep. lap mbeich pe bliabna 065 1 pijhe nGpeann t)o Ooiiinall, mac 
Qooba, mic Qinmipecb, puaip bdp ino CtpD pocbaob, 1 cUip Ctooha, no 
punnpaoli lap mbuaiD nairpi^^e, uaip baoi bbaoain i ngalap a ecca,"] no 
caireaD copp Cpiopc jaca Dorhnaij. Oibll, mac Colindin, coipeach Cenel 
Laojijaipe [oecc]. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cecpaca. Qn ceD bliabain Do Cbonall Caol -| Do 
Cheallacb, od mac TTlaoilcoba, mic Qoba, mic Qinmipech, op Gpmn i pijbe. 



barony of Clanmorris, but anciently in the ter- 
ritory of Ceara, in the now county of Mayo — 
See note ', under the year 1179. The deatli of 
this Mochua is also given in the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise at the same year. Colgan gives the 
Life of this saint as translated from an Irish 
manuscript by Philip O'Sullivan Beare, at 30th 
March, which is his festival day, as marked in 
all the Calendars. He was a disciple of the ce- 
lebrated St. Comhgall of Bangor. 

'^ Aendruim. — This is not Antrim, but an 
island in Loch Cuan, or Strangford Lough, in 
the county of Down — See notes under the years 
496 and 642. The death of Cridan is entered 
under 638 in the Annals of Ulster and the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise. 

'' Aedh Dubh The death of this royal abbot 

and bishop is entered in the Annals of Ulster 
and in the Anuals of Clonmacnoise at the year 
638. 

' Leithghlinn : i. e. the Half Glen, now old 
Leighlin, in the county of Carlow : "A.D. 638. 
Ercra re" [an eclipse of the moon] " Dolaissi mac 
Cuinidea, abbas Lcthglinne pausat." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 639. Dolasse mac Winge, Abbot of 
Leighlin, died." — Atm. Clon. 

St. Dolaise, of Leighlin, was otherwise called 
Molaise and Laisren. He was present at the 



Synod held at Leighlin in 630, to debate on 
the proper time for celebrating Easter. — See 
Cunimianus's epistle to Segienus, Abbot of 
lona, in Ussher's Sylloge, No. xi. His festival 
was celebrated on the 1 8th April, according to 
the Feilire Aenguis and the Irish Calendar of 
O'Clery. 

■^ Inbher-Daeile : i. e. the Mouth of the River 
Dael, now Ennereilly, a townland containing 
the ruins of an old church situated close to 
Mizen Head, in the south of a parish of the 
same name, in the barony of Arklow, and 
county of Wicklow, and about four miles and 
a quarter north-north-east of the town of Ark- 
low. The river Dael or Deel is now called the 
Pennycomequick Kiver. In the Feilire- Aenguis, 
at 13th September, Inbher-Doeli is described 
as in the territory of Dal-Mescorb, in Leinster, 
and Doel, as " nomen amnis," in the east of 
Leinster. 

'■ Ard-Fothadh, in Tir-Aedlia This was the 

name of a fort on a hill near Ballymagrorty, in 
the barony of Tir-Aedha, now Tirhugh, and 
county of Donegal. — See the Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick, part ii. c. iii; and Adamnan's Vita 
ColumL., lib. i. c. 10; and Colgan's note (Trias 
Thauni., p. 375), where he translates this pas- 
sage from the Irish of the Four Masters, thus: 



G38.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



257 



The Age of Christ, 638. St. Critan, of Aendruinr', died on the seventeenth 
of May. Aedh Dubh", Abbot and Bishop of Cill-dara [Kildare], died. He had 
been at first King of Leinster. Dalaise Mac hU-Imdae, Abbot of Leithglinn'', 
died. 

The Age of Christ, 639. St. Dagan, of Inbher-Daeile", died on llie 13tli 
of September. After Domhnall, son of Aedli, son of Ainmire, had been sixteen 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, lie died at Ard-Fothadh, in Tir-Aedha', 
after the victory of penance, for he was a year in his mortal sickness ; and he 
used to receive the body of Christ every Sunday. Oilill, son of Colnian, chief 
of Cinel-Laeghaire*^, [died]. 

The Age of Christ, 640. The first year of Conall Cael and Ceallach*-', two 
sons of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Ireland, in [joint] sove- 
reignty. Scannlan Mor*", son of Ceannfaeladh, chief of Osraighe [Ossory], died. 



" Anno Christi sexcentessimo trigessimo nono 
postguam Hibernice monarcliiam sexdccim annis 
administrasset, Domnallas, Jilius Aidi jiUi Ain- 
mirii, decessit in Ard-foihad regione de Tir-Aodha, 
})ost pcenitenticB palmam. Integro enim anno in 
sui lethali infirmitate, singulis diebus Dominicis 
communione Corporis Christi refectus, intcriit.'" 
He then remarks on the Chronology : " Verum 
non anno 639 (ut Quatuor Magistri referunt); 
sed anno 642, ex Annalibus Ultoniensibus refert 
Jacobus Usserus de Ecclesiarum Britannicaruni 
Primordiis pagina 712 ipsum obiisse; et postea 
in Indice Chronologico, dicens Anno 642. Dom- 
naldus Jilius Aidi Rex Hibernice, in fine mensis 
Januarii moritur; succedentibus sibi in regno Con- 
allo et Kellaclio,fil/is Maelcobi, annis xvi." 

The death of King Domhnall is entered in 
the Annals of Ulster, and also in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, at 641 ; but the true year is 642, 
as Ussher has it : 

"A. D. 641. Mors Domhnaill, mic Aedo, regis 
Hiberniw in fine Januarii." — Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 641. Donell mac Hugh, King of 
Ireland, died in Ardfohie, in the latter end of 
January." — Ann. Clon. 



' Cinel-Laeghaire : i. e. Race of Laeghaire 
(Monarch of Ireland). Those were seated in 
the baronies of Upper and Lower Navan, in the 
county of Bleath. The hill of Tlachtgha, the 
ford of Ath-Truim, and the church of Telachard, 
were in their territory. The death of Ailill, 
son of Colman, is entered in the Annals of 
Ulster at 641, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise at 642. 

^ Conall Cael and Ceallach. — The Annals of 
Ulster contain the following curious remarks 
under the year 642 : " Cellach et Conall Cael 
regnare incipiunt, ut alii dicunt. Hie dubitatur 
quis regnavit post Domhnall. Dicunt alii histo- 
riographi regnasse quatuor reges, .i. Cellach et 
Conall Cael, et duo filii Aedo Slaine .i. Diarmait 
et Blathmac, per commixta regna.'''' 

'' Scanrdan Mor, son of Ceannfaeladh He was 

not the Scannlan, King of Ossory, mentioned 
by Adamnan as a hostage in the hands of Aedh 
mac Ainmirech, but his cousin-german, Scann- 
lan Mor, son of Ceannfaeladh, son of Kumann, 
whose brother, Feradhach, was the grandfather 
of the other Scannlan. This Scannlan Mor, son 
of Ceannfaeladh, is the ancestor of all the septs 



2l 



258 



QMHata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[641. 



Scannlan Tin6]i, mac Cinnpaolam, coifec Oppaije, Oecc. Cuana, mac QUcene, 
coipecli pfpTmije, Decc. bu he pin Laoc Liarrriuine. 

QoipCpiopr, peceo ceariiacha a liaon. Ctn DOjia bliaoain oo Chonall -] 
DO CheaUac. maolbpfpail -| ITlaolanpaiol) Decc,") piann Gnaigli Do juin. 

00 Clienel cConaiU ^ulban laopen. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cfcpaca a Do. Qn cpeap bliabain Do Chonall -] Do 
Cheallach. S. Cponan bfcc, eppucc nCtonDpoTTia, Decc an 7 lanuajin. pupaD- 
]ian, mac beicce, mic Cnanach, coipec Lla TTlec Uaip, Decc. liiiaiple injfn 
SuiBne, mic Colmdin, bfn paoldin, pijh baijfn, Decc. Cach ^abpa ecip 
Lai^hmbh pein. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cfrpacha arpi. Qn cfrparhab bliaDam Do Chonall, 
"] DO Cheallach. OunchaD, mac piachna, mic Oemain, pi UlaD, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cfrpacha a cffaip. Qn cuicceaD bliabain Do Chonall 

1 DO Cheallach. bolccluara, cijhfpna Ua cCeinnpflai^, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD ceafpacha a cuicc. Qn peipeab bliaoain Do Chonall 
-] Do Cheallach. S. TTIac Laipjie, abb bfnncaip, Decc an 16 ITiaii. Raj- 

of the Mac Gillapatricks, or Fitzpatricks, of cum eo liberalitatem, et in egenos erogationeni 

Ossory. In the Annals ol' Clonmacnoise the exercuit." — Lynch. See a curious reference to 

death of Scanlan More macKeanfoyle is entered tliis contest of generosity between Cuanna and 

under A. D. 642. Guaire, in the Life of St. Molagga Acta SS., 

' Laech Liathmliuine : i. e. the Hero of Liath- pp. 146, 148. 
nihuin. There are several places in the county This Cuana was the descendant of the cele- 
of Cork called Liathmhuine ; but the place here brated Druid and hero, Mogh Roth, who re- 
referred to is Cloch-Liatlimhuine, in the parish ceived a grant of the territory of Foara-Mviigh- 
of Kilgullane, in the barony of Fermoy. This feine, now Fermoy, from Fiacha Muilleathan, 
Cuana is called Mac Cailchine by Keating, and King of Munster, for the extraordinary services 
in the Life of St. Molagga, published by Colgan which he had rendered to the Munster forces in 
at 20th .January, who describes him as a chief- driving the monarch, Cormac Mac Art, from 
tain of unbounded hospitality, and the rival in Munster — See Colgau's Acta SS., p. 148, n. 2, 
that quality of his half brother, Guaire Aidhne, and note ', under A. D. 266, p. 117, mprd. 
King of Connaught : Colgan refers to various authorities for this 

" Regni deinde" [i.e. post Donaldum] "socie- contest of generosity between Cuana and his 

tatem iniverant Conallus Tenuis, et Cellaohus, half-brother, Guaire Aidhne, and, among others, 

Moelcobii filii, nepotes Hugonis sen Aidi, An- to an ancient manuscript of Clonmacnoise called 

meri proncpotcs: quibus pari regnandi postcs- Z/ea6/jar-/irt/jT7/tZ/(rt' (a fragment of which is now 

tate gaudontibus, fatis concessit Cuanus Call- preserved in the Library of tlie Koyal Irish Aca- 

eheni lilius, taoc Ciarrhume, Fearniuia; Rex, demy). His words are: " Celebris est hwc com- 

"pii Guario Colmani filio cooetaneus, pareni ]ietentia in nostris historiis, de qua Ketinus in 



641.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



259 



Guana, son of Ailcen, chief of Feara-Maighe [Fermoy], died. He was [tlie 
person who was called] Laech Liathmhuine'. 

The Age of Christ, 641. The second year ofConalland Ceallach. Macl- 
breasail and Maelanfaidh'' died ; and Flanu Enaigh was mortally wounded. 
These were of the Cinel-Conaill-Gulban. 

The Age of Christ, 642. The third year ofConalland Ceallach. St. Cronan 
Beg\ Bishop of Aendruim, died on the 7th of January. Furadhran, son of Bee, 
son of Cuanach, chief of Ui-Mic-Uais"\ died. Uaisle", daughter of Suibhne, son 
of Colman, wife of Faelan, King of Leinster, died. The battle of Gabhra" [was 
fought] between the Leinstermen themselves. 

The Age of Christ, 643. The fourth year of Conall and Ceallach. Duii- 
chadh'', son of Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 644. The fifth year of Conall and Ceallach. Bolglua- 
tha*!, Lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, died. 

The Age of Christ, 645. The sixth year of Conall and Ceallach. Mac 
Laisre', Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor], died on the 16t]i of May. Raghallaclr", 



historia Regum HiberniEC. Item in actis Covj- 
gani et Conalli, et in actis etiam ipsius Cuanw a 
Fiacho" [filio Lyrii] " synchrono eleganter con- 
scriptis quaj etiamnum in magno pretio extant 
hodie in celebri illo et vetusto codice Cluanensi, 
quern Leabhar-na-hUidhre vocant." — Acta SS., 
p. 149, n. 14. 

'' Maelh-easail and Madanfaidh " A. D. 643. 

Jugulatio duoi-um nepotum Bogaine, i. e. Maelbrea- 
sail et Maelanfait. Guin Flainn Aenaig. Mors 
Breasail mic seachnasaicli." — Ann. Ult. 

Cronan Beg " A. D. 642. Quies Cronain 

Episcopi nOindromo." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 642. Cronan, Bishop of Indroyme, 
died." — Ann. Clon. 

" Ui-Mic- TJais. — This name is still preserved 
in the barony of Moygoish, in the county of 
Westmeath. 

" A. D. 644. Mors Furudrain mic Bece, mic 
Cuanach ri Ua mice Uais." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 642. Furadrayn, the son of Beag, mic 
Briwyn, or Cwanagh, prince of Mackwaiss, died." 

2 



— Ann. Clon. 

" Uaisle " A. D. 642. Mors hUaisle, filia; 

Suibne Ann. Cloti. 

" A. D. 642. Uaisle, in English, Gentle, daugh- 
ter of Swyne mac Colman, King of Meath, Queen 
of Lynster (she was wife to Foylan, King of 
Lynster), died." 

° Gabhra: i. e. Gabhra-Lilfe, not Gabhra, near 
the Boyne. 

!■ Dunchadh.—'-' A. D. 646. Rex Uloth Duncat 
Ua domain jugulatiis.'''' — Ann. Ult. 

■i Bolgluatha. — "A. D. 646. Bellinn Colgan mac 
Crunnmael Builggluatha ri hUae Cennselaig." 
— Ann. Ult. 

' Mac Laisre. — " A. D. 645. Mac Laisre Abbas 
Bennchair quievtt." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 642. Maclaisre, abbot of Beanchor, 
died." — Ann. Clon. 

' liaghallach His death is entered in the 

Annals of Ulster at the year 648, which is more 
correct. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is 
incorrectly entered under the year 642, and the 

l2 



260 



awNaca Rio^hachca emeaNN. 



[645. 



allach, mac Uarach, ]if Connaclic, Oo rhapbao la TTlaolbinslice, mac TTlor- 
lacain, Dia Dorhnaij Do jmnn|iao1i, bia nebpaDli : 

l?aT;aUacli, mac Uacacli, joeca do riiuin jeileicb, 
miii|ifiio Dechmon po cic, Caral Declimon Depich. 
Ill 5)161]^ aniu DO Cafal, cia concola pia6 iiiojaibh, 
Ciapa Cachal cen acliai|i, tif a arliaiji cen Di'ojail. 
TTIiDfo ffcli aDpoc Di'jail, arap uipD a piDneac, 
^OTiGD fe pipu coigac, oipgfb fe oipjne Deac. 
TTlo ciiirpi 1 cciima caicli, Dio^cdl Rajallaij po pair, 
pil a ulclia leich im laim, TTIaoilbpijijDi, mic ITloclacliain. 

Cach Ca)pn Conaill pia nOiapmaiD, mac QoDha Slaini, pop ^uaipe, Du in 
po mapboD ctn Da Cuan, .i. Cuan, mac GnDa, pi miiman,-] Cudn, mac Conaill, 
caoipecb Ua pijfnce, -] Uolarhnach, coipech Ua Liarain, ■] po meabaiD pop 
^uaipe a bionab an cacha. Ipenb cfciip Do liiib Oiapmaic Do cabaipc m 
cara po cpia Cliiain mic Noip. Oo pi'jfnpar laporh paman Cinpain eacla 
ppi Dia pai]i, CO ripaD plan Dioncoib a ccopaijfchca pom. lap poaDh laparfi 
in pijh po ear)libaip Uuaim nGipc co na poblaib pfponn (.i. Liar niancliain) 



translator adds that the O'Reillys are descended 
from this Raghallach. 

" A. D. fj42 [rccte 649]. Eagally mac Fwa- 
dagh. King of Connaught, was deadly wounded 
and killed by one Moyle-Bride O'Mothlan. Of 
this King Kagally issued the O'Rellyes." 

This interpolation is, however, incorrect, for 
the O'Reillys (of East Breifny or Cavan) are 
descended from Raghallach, son of Cathalan, son 
of Diibhcron, son of Maehnordha, the eleventh 
in descent from Fearghus, the common ancestor 
of the O'Reillys, O'Rourkes, and O'Conors of 
Connaught. But this Raghallach, sonofUatach, 
is the ancestor of the O'Conors, kings of Con- 
naught. He had tlirec sous : 1. Fearghus, the 
father of Muireadhach JIuilleathan, the ances- 
tor of the O'Conors ; 2. Catlial, who is men- 
tioned in the text as the avenger of his father ; 
and 3. Ceallach. — See Ilardiman's edition of 
O' Flaherty's lar-Connatiijht, p. 130. 



It is stated in an interlined gloss 



' Muireann. 
that she was the wife of Raghallach. 

" Lamented — The verb po cic is glossed, ittter 
Ihicas, ".I. po cain." 

" Avenged, Oepich. — This is glossed po oipc, 
which, in the Brehon laws, signifies to punish, 
line, revenge. " Nocha n-oipcche neach iiiu 
cinaiD coip o ConcoBcip; no one was fined for 
his real crime by Conchobhar." — MS. T. C. D., 
H. 4. 22, p. G7. 

^ Carn-Conaill. — It appears from an account 
of this battle, preserved in Lcahhar na-h Uidliri, 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, that 
Carn-Chonaill is situated in the territory of 
Aidhne, which was coextensive with the diocese 
of Kilmacduagh, in the county of Galway. This 
place is probably that now called Ballyconnell, 
in the (larisli of Kilbecanty, near Gort. The 
Viattle is noticed in the Annals of Ulster, under 
tile year (J 18 ; and in the Annals of Clonmac- 



G45] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IIII':LAND. 'ifil 

son of Uatach, King of Connaught, was killed by Maelbriglide, son of Motli- 
lachan, on Sunday precisely, of wliicli was said : 

Ragliallach, son of Uatach, was pierced on the back of a white steed ; 

Muircann* hath well lamented" him, Cathal hath well avenged''' him. 

Cathal is this day in buttle, though he is bound [to peace] in the presence of kings ; 

Though Cathal is without a lather, his father is not without being revenged. 

Estimate his terrible revenge from the account of it related ; 

He slew six men and fifty, he committed sixteen devastations. 

I had my share like another, in the revenge of Raghallach, 

I have the grey beard in my hand of Maelbriglide, son of Mothlachun. 

The battle of Carn Conaill'' [was gained] by Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slanie, 
against Guaire, wherein were slain tlie two Cuans, namely, Cuan, son of Eiida, 
King of Munster, and Cuan, son of Conall, chief of Ui-Fidhgeinte''; and Tolamh- 
nach, chief of Ui-Liathain^; and Guaire was routed from the battle field. Diar- 
maid, on his way to this battle, went first through Cluain-mic-Nois. The 
congregation of St. Ciaran made supplication to God that he might return safe, 
through the merits of their guarantee. After the king's return, he granted 
Tuaim nEirc'" (i. e. Liath-Manchain), with its sub-divisions of land, as altar-sod'', 

noise under 642, as follows : with the appurtenances, now called Lyavanchan, 

" A. D. 648. BeUum. Cairn Conaill, ?/i/ Guaire in honor of God and St. Keyran, to be held free 

fug/t, et Diarmait mac Aedo Slaine vicioi- erat." — without any charge in the world, insomuch 

Ann. Ult. that the King of Meath might not theiicefuorth 

" A. D. 642 \_recte 649]. The battle of Carn challenge a draught of water thereout by way 

Conell, in the Feast of Pentecost, was given by of any charge." — Anyi. Clon. 

Dermot mac Hugh Slane ; and going to meet ^ Ui-Fklhjcintc A large territory in the 

his enemies went to Clonvicknose to make his present county of Limerick See note™, under 

devotion to St. Keyran, was met by the abbot, A. D. 1178, p. 44. 

prelates, and clergy of Clonvicknose in proces- " Ui-Liathaiti. — A territor}' in the county of 

sioD, where they prayed God and St. Keyran to Cork. — See note ^, under A. M. 28-59, p. H, 

give him the victory over his enemies, which and note '^, under A. D. 1579, p. 1722. 

God granted at their requests; for they had the " Tuaim nEivc : i. e. Erc's Mound, or tumuluts. 

victory, and slew Cwan, King of Mounster, and This was the original name of the place where 

Cwaa mac Conell, King of I-Felginty, and so the old church of Lemanaghan, in the barony of 

giving the foyle to his enemies returned to Garrycastle, and King's County, now stands in 

Clonvicknose again, to congratulate the clergy ruins See note '', under A. D. 1531, p. 1402. 

by whose intercession he gained that victory, '' Altar-sod. — Literally land on the altar, i. e. 

and bestowed ou tliem for ever Toymenercke, land belonging to the altar, i. e. church-land. 



262 aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReawH. [646. 

ariiail pot) po|i alcoip, do Oia -j Do Chiapan,-] do bfpc reopa cjiipce (.1. mal- 
lacc) pop P15I1 niiohe om iubfDh neacli Dia minnnp ci6 D15I1 nuipce ann. 
Conab Depin do peogapc Diapmairc a aDnacal hi cCluain nuc Noip. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pe ceD, cfrpacha ape. Qn peaccrhaD blmbain Do Clionall 
n DO Cliellacli. Cach Duin Cpiomrainn pia ComciU 1 pict cCeallacli, Dci rhcic 
TTlaoilcoba, pop Qonjup, mac Oorhnaill, -] po nriapbaD Qonjup pan char pin, 
-] po mapbaD cicr Cachapach, mac Oorhnaill bpic, pan each pin beop. TTlaol- 
coba mac piachna, mic Demain pi Ulab, Do mapbab la Consal cCfnnpooa, 
mic OunchoDha. 

Qoi'p Cpiopc, pe ceo cTrpacha a peachc. Gn cochcitiab bliabain do 
Chonall-] DoChellach. DunchaD"] Conall, od mac blairmeic, mic QoDha 
Slaine, do mapbab la Lai^nib 1 cciippaec miiilinn TTlaolobpain, mic Oi'oma 
Cpoin. ITlapcan 1 TTlaoloDpctn po jon lao anDi'p, ap Do po pdiDh TTlaolobpan, 

Q riniilniD, po melc anba Do ruipmn, 

Ml bo coimnielc pop peipblino, an poimeilr pop Uib [Sil] Cfpbaill. 
Qn 5pdn meilep an TTluilectnn, ni' coipce ace ap Dfpg ruijieann, 
6a DO jepccaib an cpoinn mdip, pocha miiilinn lllaoilobpain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cfrpacha a hochc. Qn nciomaD bliabain Do Chonall 
"] DO Cheallach. TTlaincheni, ctbb ITlectnaDpoichic, Do ecc. lomaipecc Cuile 

' Dun-Crhnhthainn — This was the name of a The place where this mill stood is still well 
fort situated on the Hill of Howth, to the north known, and is called Muilleann-Odhrain, anglice 
of the city of Dublin. — See note '■, under A. D. Mullenoran. It is situated near Lough Owel, 
y, p. 92, supra. In the Annals of Ulster this in the parish of I'ortnashangan, in the county- 
battle is mentioned under the year 649, as fol- of Westmeath, where there was a mill till about 
lows : the middle of the last century. 

"A. D. G49. Belhim Duin Cremthainn, in The killing of these sons of Blathmac is men- 

([uo cecidit Oengus mac Domhnaill, filii Maelcobo tioned in the Annals of Ulster at 650, and in 

.i. Cellach et Conall Gael, victores erant: Mors the Annals of Tighernach at 651, which is the 

Cathusaig mic Domhnaill Brie." true year — See a short article on the Antiquity 

■* Mill of Mddudhran — Connell Mageoghegan, of Corn in Ireland in the Dublin P. Journal, 

in his translation of the Aimals of Clonmacnoise, vol. i. p. 108-110, where the Editor published 

states that this mill is near Mullingar : this passage. 

"A. D. 618. The two sons of Hugh Slane, - Wheat In the Annals of Tighernach the 

Donogh and Conell, were killed by the Lynster- reading is : " u riiuilitio cia po melc, mop do 

men, near Mollingarc, in tlie mill of Oran, called cuipuio. Ah mill ! what hast thou ground? 

Mollen-Oran." Great lliy wheat." 



640] ANNALS OF THE KINCJDOM OF IRELAND. 263 

to God and to St. Ciaran ; and he gave three maledictions (i. e. cur.ses) to that 
king whose people should take even a drink of water there. Wherefore Diar- 
inaid ordered his burial-place at Cluain-niic-Nois. 

The Age of Christ, 646. The seventh year of Conall and Ceallacli. 'J'lie 
battle of Dun-Crimhthainn" [was gained] by Conall and Ceallach, the two sons 
of Maelcobha, over Aenghus, son of Domhnall ; and Aenghus was slain in this 
battle ; and there was also slain in this same battle Cathasach, son of Domhnall 
Breac. Maelcobha, son of Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain by 
Congal Ceannfoda, son of Dunchadha. 

The Age of Christ, 647. The eighth year of Conall and Ceallach. Dun- 
chadh and Conall, two sons of Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, were slain by the 
Leinstermen, in the mill-race of the mill of Maelodhran", son ofDimaCrou. 
Marcan and Maelodhran mortally wounded the two ; of which Maelodhran said: 

O mill ! which grindedst mucli of wheat" ; 

It was not grinding oats' thou wert, wlien tliou didst grind the seed of Ceai- 

bhall. 
The grain which the mill has ground is not oats, but red wheat. 
With the scions of the great tree^ Maelodliran's mill was fed. 

Tlie Age of Christ, 648. The ninth year of Conall and Ceallach. Main- 
cheni, Abbot of Meanadrochit'', died. The battle of Cuil-corra', by Aeldeith 

' Grinding oats. — In the Annals of Tighernach Its site is still pointed out, and near its sites 

the reading is : "ni po coinnelc pop feppuino, stands the modern mill of Lisnamullen. 

upo melc pop UiB CeapbuiU," which is the '' Meanadroicldt For the situation of this 

true reading. place see note *, under the year 600, p. 'i'iS, 

' The great tree. — This great tree was Cearbhall. supra. In the Annals of Ulster these entries 

In the Annals of Tighernach the reading is: " Ip are given under the year 651, as follows : 
Dipo;^la in cpuinn liiaip poca oo rhuilmo u "A.D. 651. Dormilatio Maencha in abbati.s 

muiloDpain." Menodrochit. Imaric Guile coire, in qua cecidit 

For a historical dissertation on the antiquity Culene mac Forindain. Maeldeich et Onchu 

of mills in Ireland, see the Ordnance Memoir of victores erant.'''' 

the Parish of Templemore, County of London- In the Annals of Clonmacuoise the death of 

derry, p. 215; and Petrie's History and Anti- "Manchynus, Abbot of Menadrochat," is entered 

quities ofTaraHill, pp. 138-141. The first mill under the year 649, which is certainly antedated, 
ever erected in Ireland was placed on the stream ' Cuil-corra : i. e. the Corner or Angle of the 

of Nith, now the River Gabhra, near Tara, by Weir or Dam, now Coolarn, near Galtrim, in 

King Corniac ^lac Art, in the third century. the county of Jleath. 



264 awNaca Rio^hachca eiReawv^. [649. 

cop]ia ]iia nQoloeir -] pici nOncoin, Du in po mojibaoh Cillne, mac popannain, 
roipecli Ua bpoilje. Ciigamna, mac Suibne, oecc. 

Qoip Ciiiopc, ye- ceo cfrjiaclia atiaoi. Qn Deaclirfiab bliabam tio Clionall 
1 Do Clieallctch. S. Cjionan ITIaigbe bile Decc, an i^eachniiaC) Id 00 mf 
Qugnpc. Cach aipnii Sheola, 1 Connachcaib, pm cCennpaola6,mac Colgain, 
"1 pia TTlaonacb, mac baoinn, roipecb Ua mbpiiiiri, in po mapbab TTlapcdn, 
inac Uoimeine, coipec Ua Tllaine. pQiSUf mac OoriinaiU, "| pfp^uj^, mac 
Ra^allaij, 1 Qoob 6frpa, mac Cuimnnne, 00 riiapbao la hUib Piachpach 
QiDne. Qooh Rom, mac TTlaoilcoba, oecc. TTlaelDoiD, mac Suibne, plair 
niioe, Dccc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceb caojac. Qn caonmab bliabain oecc t)o Chonall "] 
ooCbellach. Qircen, abb Uipe Dc( glap, Decc. Cailcen 6 Locbpa Decc. Carb 
pifpcaij jiia cCpunnmaol, mac Suibne, coipech Cenel Gojain, aipni in po 
mapbaO Cumapcacb, mac Oiliolla, coipecb Ua Cpemrainn. Cpuinomaol 
Spbuiljg, mac l?ondin, coipech Laijfn Dfpgabaip, Decc. S. bfpaiD, obb 
Ouiblinne, Do ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoja a baon. Qn Dnpa bliabain Decc Do Chonall 
"] DO Cheallacb. S. QeDhluj, mac Cummain, abb Cluana mic Noip, [oecc] 
an 26 pebpuapii. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cooccac a Do. Qn cpeap bliabam Decc Do na piojaib 
peiiipaiDce. S. Colman, eppcop, mac QicelDuib, abb Cluana hlopaipD, Decc 
8 pebpuapii. S. Oippene poca, ab Cluanc( hlopaipo, Decc TTlaii 1°. S. Oa- 
chua Cuachpa, abb pfpna, Decc. 

' Mugh-hile Now Movilla, in the county of province of Connaught, was slain, and Cean- 

Down. " A. D. 547. Cronan of Moville, died." foyle mac Colgan, and Moynagh, son of Bwy- 

— Ann. Clon. liyn, had the upper hand." — Ann. Clou. 

' Airtlier-Seola : i. e. the eastern side or part "' Fearglms, son of Dmnhnall — " A. D. 653. 

of Magh-Seola, a plain included in the present Jugulatio Fergusi niic Domhnaill, Ferguso mic 

barony of Clare, in the county of Galway. In Eogaillnig, et Aedo Bedri et Cumineni." — Ann. 

the Annals of Ulster this battle is noticed under Vlt. 

the year 652, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise " Maekhid. — " A. U. 650. Moyledoy mac 

at 649, thus : Swyne, King of Meath, died." — Ann. Clon. 

" A. D. 652. Belliim Connacht, in quo cecidit " Aithchen. — " A. I). 655. Mors Maelaichlein 

Marcan, y?/iH.s Tomaini.^'' — Ann. U It. Tire-da- glass." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 649. The battle of Connaught, wherein " A. D. 652. Aihgionn, Abbot of Tierdaglass, 

.'\Iiircan mac Tonuiyn, Prince of Iniain, in the and Cailkine of Lohra, died." — Ann. Clon. 



G49.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 265 

and Onchu, where Cillenc, son of Forannan, chief of Ui-Failghe [OH'aly], was 
slain. Cugamhna, son of Suibline, died. 

The Age of Christ, 649. The tenth year of Conall and Ceallacli. St. Cro- 
nan of Magh-bile'' died on the seventh day of the month of August The battle 
of Airther-Seola', in Connaught, by Ceannfaeladh, son of Colgan and Maenach, 
son of Baeithin, chief of Ui-Briuin, in which was slain Marcan, son of Toimen, 
chief of Ui-Maine. Fearghus, son of Domlmall'", and Fearghus, son of Ragh- 
allach, and Aedh Beathra, son of Cuiniin, were killed by the Ui-Fiachrach- 
Aidhne. Aedh Roin, son of Maelcobha, died. Maeldoid°, son of Suibhne, 
chief of Meath, died. 

The Age of Christ, 650. The eleventh year of Conall and Ceallach. Aith- 
chen". Abbot of Tir-da-ghlas [Terryglass], died. Cailcen, of Lothra, died. 
The battle of Fleascach^, by Crunnmael, son of Suibhne, chief of Cinel-Eoghain, 
in which was slain Cumascach, son of Oilioll, cliief of Ui-Cremhthainn. Crunn- 
inael'' Erbuilg, son of Ronan, chief of South Leinster"", died. St. Bearaidh, 
Abbot of Duibhlinn'', died. 

The Age of Christ, 651. The twelfth year of Conall and Ceallach. St. 
Aedhlug', son of Cummain, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [died] on the 26th of 
February. 

The Age of Christ, 652. Tlie thirteenth year of the kings aforesaid. St. 
Colman", the bishop, son of Aiteldubh, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird [Clonard], died 
on the 8th of February. St. Oissene Fota, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, died on the 
1st of May. St. Dachu Luachra, Abbot of Fearna [Ferns], died. 

P Fleascach. — Not identified. In the Annals ' DuibliUnn. — Now Dulilin, but it was origi- 

of Ulster this battle is called " Bellum Cumas- nally the name of" the estuary of the River Lifiey. 

caig," thus: — See note *=', under. A. D. 291, p. 122, supra. 

"A. D. 655. Bellimi Cumascaig mic Ailello, *■ Aedliliig " A. D. 651. Quies Aidlogo mic 

in quo" [ille, i. e. Cumascach] " cecidit ; Cruinn- Comain Abbas Cluana mic Nois." — A7in. Ult. 
mael mac Suibne victor erat.'" " Colman, the bishop, <J-c. — "A. D. 653. Colman 

' Crunnmael. — " A. D. 655. Mors Crunnmail Episcopm mac Cudelduib, et Ossene Fota, duo 

Erbuilc, micRonain, re^wZa^ienteMsmm." — Ann. Abbafcs Cluana Iraird, obierunt. Ducuse Locre 

ult. abbas Fernann, qiiievit." — Ann. Ult. 

' South Leinster. — Laighin Deasgabhair. This " A. D. 651. Colman, Bishop, mac Vihelly, 

was the name of the country of the Ui-Ceinn- and Ossynie Foda, two abbots of Clonarde, died 

sealaigh, for the extent of which see note under in one year. Dachwa Lwachra, abbot of Femes, 

A. D. 1183. died:'— Ann. Cloru 

2 M 



266 



QNHa^a Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[654. 



Ctoip Cpiopr, i^e ceo caoccac a cfraiji. Q cuij t)ecc Do Chonall "| Do 
Cheallach. S. Nem TTlac Ua bipn, .i. coriia]iba 6nne Qipne, Do ecc 14 luni. 
Suibne, mac Ciiiprpe, abb lae, Decc. Coincenn Cille SleBe Decc. Cnzh 
Oelenn, ai]im map mapbao TTlaolDoio mac Conains. 

Qoip Cpiopr, ye ceo caoccac a cuicc. Ctn peipeab blmDain Decc Do 
Chonall"! do Chellach. S. TTlocaomocc, abb Lech moip, Decc an cpea]^ Id 
Decc Do TTlhapca. Upi bliaDna Decc ap ceirpe ceo poD a paojoil, arhail 
Deapbup in pann : 

Saojal TTlocaoThocc Leir, nocha cealac cpeoin na cpeich, 
Upi bliaDna Decc ceifpe ceD, ni baojal m hiomaip bpeg. 



" St. Nem. — " A. D. 654. Nem Macu-Briii 
pausat." — Ann. Ult. 

"^ Ernie, ofAra: i.e. St. Endeus or Eany of 
Aramnore, an island in tlie Bay of Galway. The 
church of this saint was situated at the small 
village of Killeany, on this island. — See Col- 
gan's Acta SS., p. 714, and Hardiman's edition 
of O'Flaherty's lar-Connmight, p. 74, et scq. 

> Suihhne. — " A. D. 656. Ohitus Suihiii mic 
Cuirtri, ahbatis Ice.'''' — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 553. Swyne mac Cwirtre, Abbot of 
Hugh" [Zona], " died."— ^nre. Clon. 

' CUl-Sleihhe : i. e. Cill-Sleibhe-Cuillinn, now 
Killeavy, situated at the foot of Slieve Gullion, 
near Newry, in the county of Armagh. — See 
note P, under the year 517, p. 168, supra. In 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of this 
Coinnchenn is entered under the year 634. 

' Delenn. — This is probably Telenn, in the 
west of the county of Donegal. In the Annals 
of Ulster this battle is entered under the year 
656: 

" A. D. 656. Bellum Delend, in quo interfectus 
est Maeldcut mac Conaill." 

'' Mochaemhog Called in Latin Pulckerius. 

llis death is entered in the Annals of Ulster 
under A. D. 655. Colgan has published a Life 
of this saint at 13th March, from the Codex 
Kilkenniensis, from which it appears that his 



father, Beoan, who was of the Conmaicne of 
Connaught, fled to Munster, and settled in 
Ui-Conail Gabhra in Munster, where he mar- 
ried Nessa (the sister of the celebrated St. Ita, 
of Killeedy, in the present county of Limerick), 
who became the mother of this saint. His first 
name was Coemghin, but St. Ita afterwards 
changed this to Mochaemhog, which the writer 
of his life interpreted " Meus pulc/ier juvenis." 

" Unde meruit Beoanus ut haberet talem 
filium, qui coram Deo et hominibus magnus 
erit, cujus memoria erit in asternum. Et ad- 
didit, dicens ; ipse erit pulcher et senex. Inde 
dederunt ei nomen primum .i. Coemhghin : sed 
hoc nomen evertit ipsa Sancta Dei" [Ita] " vo- 
cans eum per dilectionem nomine, quo vulgo 
nominatur .i. Mochoemog : quod latine dicitur 
meus pulcher juvenis." — Acta Sanctorum, p. 590 

The principal church of this saint, called 
Liath-mor, or Liath-Mochaemhog, is described 
in the gloss to the Feilire-Aenguis, as in the 
southern Ely, in Munster. It is now called 
Liath Mochaemhog {cmglicc Leamokevoge), and 
is situated in the parish of Two-Mile-Burris, in 
the barony of Elyogarty, and county of Tippe- 
rary. This barony was anciently called the 
territory of South Ely (Sile oeipcipc) to dis- 
tinguish it from Ely-0'Carroll, which is in- 
cluded in the present King's County. The 



654.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



207 



The Age of Christ, 654. The fifteenth year of Conall and Ccallacli. 
St. Nem'' Mac Ua-Birn, successor of Enne, of Ara\ died on the 14th of June. 
Suibhne', son of Cuirtre, Abbot of la, died. Coincenn, of Cill-Sleibhe", died. 
The battle of Delenn% in which Maeldoid, son of Conaing, was skiin. 

The Age of Christ, 655. The sixteenth year of Conall and Ceallach. 
St. Mochaemhog'', Abbot of Liath-nior, died on the third day of March. Thir- 
teen years and four hundred was the length of his life, as this quatrain proves : 

The age of Mochaemhog of Liath, which the great or poor deny not, 
Thirteen years four hundred*^, without danger, without exaggeration. 



ruins of two churches, one of which is of great 
antiquity, are now to be seen at Liath-Mocho- 
cinhog, but the saint's festival is no longer kejit 
or scarcely known in the parish. There is ano- 
ther church called CiU niocaemoj, from this 
saint, in the barony of Ida, and county of Kil- 
kenny; but the peasantry are beginning to 
corrupt it to Kill-Ivory, from a false notion 
that Caemhog denotes ivory ! Colgan's valuable 
note on the signification of the name of this 
saint is well worth the attention of the reader, 
and the Editor is tempted to lay the whole of it 
before him in this place : 

" Meus pulcher juvenis, ij-c. Pro his et aliis 
similibus intelligendis adverte tria ; Primum 
quod dictio Hibernioa coemh. prout veteres scri- 
bunt, seu, ut hodie scribitur caomh, idem sit 
quod pulcher, speciosus, vel delectans, et gein 
idem quod genitus vel natus, ita ut Coemhgkein, 
idem sit quod pulcher genitus, seu natus. 2, Quod 
mo, idem sit quod mi vel mens; estque particula 
indicans affectum possessionem vel observantiam 
rei cui praifigitur. Unde apud Priscos Hibernos 
praefigebatur et conjungebatur nominibus pro- 
priis, maxime sanctorum, ita quod ex utraque 
coalesceret una dictio, quee postea in nomen 
proprium cedebat. Quando autem nomen istud 
incipiebat a vocali tunc littera a elisa, litera m 
jungebatur vocali sequenti. Tertium quod quod 
oc vel Off, an, en, et in in fine dictionum apud 

2 M 



Hibernos maxime priscos indicent quandam 
diminutionem, seu nomina desinentia, saltem 
propria esse diminutiva. Ex his contingit 
eandem numero personam in nostris Hagiolo- 
giis aliisque historiis variis secundum apparen- 
tiam nominibus appellari,v.g.idemiMa,iMane«, 
31olua, 3Ioluanus scribitur. Item Cuanus, Mo- 
cJiuanus, Erninus, Ernenus, Ernanns, Mernanus, 
et Mernoais; Eltinus, Melihms, et Melteocus Di- 
manus, Modhimocus ; Lochinns, Loclienus, Loch- 
anus. Et ad propositum nostrum idem Mochoe- 
mocus, Mochoemogns, Coemanns, et respiciendo 
ad vocis significationem Pidcherius, quam ap- 
pellationem quia facilior et latinis gratior dux- 
imus plerumque in hac vita retinendam, licet 
in vetusto Codice cujus autigraphum habemus 
sanctus hie passim vocetur Mochoemhoc.'''' — 
Acta Sanctorum, p. 596, n. [). 

' Four hundred, ceicpe ceb. — This is clearly 
a mistake for ap coeni ceo, above one hundred; 
but vpith whom it originated it would be now 
difiicult to determine. Col "an has the following 
remarks upon it : 

" Sed hie obviandum duxi insulso lapsui 
cujusdam anonimi, qui ad Marianum in margine 
addit quendam versum Hibernicum, qui alios 
traxit in errorem : quo uempe indicat S. Mo- 
choemocum vixisse annis 14 supra quadrin- 
gintos, ubi raeo judicio debuit scribere supra 
centum, ic." — Acta Sanctorum, p. 509. 

2 



268 QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [656. 

Qoip Cpioy^c, pe ceD caoccar a pe. 8. Ullcan Tlloc Ui Concobaip, 6 QpD 
bpfccain, oecc an cfcpatTiab Id do Sepcembep, mpp an oclicrhoccac bliaoam 
ap cic a aoipi. 

lap mbfir peachc mMmbna Decc op Gpinn do Chonall -\ do Clieallach, Da 
mac TTlaoilcoba, mic Qoolia, mic Qinmipech, do cfp Conall la Oiapmaic, 
mac QoDha Slaine,*] acbail Ceallach i mbpuj TTlic an O5. blacmac, mac 
lllaoilcoba, pf UloD, a ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo caoccar a peaclic. Ctn ceo bliaDain Do Oiapmaic 
-] 00 blaclimac, Da mac CtoDlia Slaine, mic OiapmaDct, mic pfpgupa Cepp- 
beoil, 1 pi^lie nGpeann. CeallacTi, mac Sapctin, abb Ochna moipe, Decc. 
TTlochua, mac Londin, oecc. OunchaD, mac QoDlia Slaine, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo caoccac a hoclic. Ctn napa blianam Do Diapmair 
-] DO blafmac. Oioma Oub, eppcop ConDepe, Deg an 6 laniiapn. Cummine, 
eppcop nQonopoma, Decc. S. Sillan, eppcop Daiminpi, oecc an 17 Tllaii. 
€ochai6, mac blairmic, mic Qoba Slaine, Decc. Qilill, mac Ounchaba, mic 
QoDa Slaine, Decc. Conall Cpannoamna Decc. Gojan, mac Uiiaralain, Decc. 
paolan, coipech Oppaiji, Do mapbab la Laij;nib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoccac anaoi. Qn cpeap blianain Do Oiapmaic 
-| DO blacmac. Oainiel, eppcop Cinnsapab, Decc an 18 pebpuapn. piondn 

'' St. Ulltan. — In the Annals of Clonmacnoise year 656. 
the death of Ultan, son of O'Connor, is entered ' Ard-Breacain: i. e. Breacan's Height, or hill, 
under 653, but in the Annals of Ulster, "OJiftw now Ardbraocan, the diocesan seat of the 
Ultain mio U-Concubair," is entered twice, first Bishop of Meath, about three miles from the 
under the year 656, and again under 662, town of Navan, in the county of INIeath. This 
" secundum cdium libntm.'" The Annotations of place derived its name from St. Breacan, who 
'I'irechan on the Life of St. Patrick, are stated erected a church here, before the time of St. 
in the Book of Armagh (fol. 16), to have been Ulltan, but afterwards fixed his principal es- 
taken from the mouth of Ultanus, first Bishop tablishment at Templebraccan, on the Great 
of the Conchubrenses, i. e. of the Dal Conchu- Island of Aran, in the Bay of Galway, where his 
bhair of Ardbraccan. The festival of this saint festival was celebrated on the 1st of May. 
is set down in the FeiUre-Aenguis, and in ' Brugh-Mic-an-Og : i.e. the Brugh, or Fort 
O'Clery's Irish Calendar at 4th September. It of Acnghus Og, commonly called Aenghus an 
is remarked in the latter that he educated and Bhrogha, son of Dnghda, King of the Tuatha 
fed with his own hands all the children who De Dananus. This place is situated near Stack- 
were without education in Ireland, and that he allau Bridge, near the village of Slano, in the 
was one hundred and eighty-nine years old county of Meath. — See Book of Lecan, fol. 279, 
when he resigned his spirit to heaven in the p. b. In the Annals of Ulster, " J/ow Ceallaigh 



()56.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 2C)'J 

The Age of Christ, 656. St. TJlltan'' Mac-Ui-Conchobhair, of Ard-Breacain'-, 
died on the fourth day of September, after [completing] the one Inindred and 
eightieth year of his reign. 

After Conall and Ceallacli, tlie two sons of Maelcobha, son of Acdh, son of 
Ainmire, had been seventeen years over Irehmd, Conall was slain by Diarmaid, 
son of Aedh Slaine ; and Ceallacli died at Brugh-Mic-an-Og''. Blathmac, son 
of Maelcobha, King of Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 657. The first year of Diarmaid and Blathmac, two 
sons of Aedh Slaine, son of Dia-rmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland. Ceallach, son of Saran, Abbot of Othan-mor», died. Mochua, 
son of Lonan, died. Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine*", died. 

The Age of Christ, 658. The second year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
Dima Dubh', Bishop of Conner, died on the 6th of January. Cummine, Bisho]) 
of Aendruim [Nendrum, in Loch Cuan], died. St. Sillan, Bishop of Daimhinis'', 
died on the 17th of May. Eochaidh, son of Blathmac', son of Aedh Slaine, 
died. Ailill"", son of Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine, died. Conall Cranndamhna", 
died. Faelan", chief of Osraighe, was slain by the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 659. The third year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. Da- 
niel, Bishop of Ceann-garadh^, died on the 18th of February. Finani, son of 

mic Maelcobo" is noticed under the year 657, "'Ailill,^-c. — "A. D. 606. Aillill, macDonogli, 

but no mention is made of the killing of Conall. mac Hugh Slane, died." — Aim. Clon. 

'^ Othan-mor. — Now Falian, near Lough S willy, " Conall Cranndamhna "A. D. 659. Conall 

in the barony of Inishowen, and county of Do- Crannamna moritur.^' — Ann. Ult. 

negal. " A. D. 656. Conell Cranndawna died." — 

'' Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine.- — ^" A. D. 658. Ann. Clon. 

Duncat, mac Aedo Slaine, mortuus est." — Ann. ° Faelan, chief of Osraighe. — " A. D. 606. 

Ult. Foylau, King of Ossorie, was killed by the 

' Dima Dubh. — " A. D. 558. Dimmaingert, Lynstermen." — Ann. Clon. 

Episcopus Condire, et Cummine, Episcopus ■' Ceann-garadh. — This church is described 

n-Aendroma, mortui sunt." — Ann. Ult. in the Feiiire-Aenguis, at 10th August, as in 

^ Daimhinis: i. e. Devenish, in Lough Erne, Gallgaedhela, in Alba or Scotland. Three saints 

near the town of Euniskillen, in the county of of this place are set down in O'Clery's Irish 

Fermanagh. Calendar; 1. Daniel, Bishop, at 1 8th February ; 

' Eochaidh, son of Blathmac.—'' A. D. 659. 2. Colum, at 1st March ; and 3. Blaan, at 10th 

3/ors Echdach mic Blaithmicc." — Ann. Ult. August See also Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 

" A. D. 656. Eaghagh mac Blathmac, son of p. 234. 

King Hugh Slane, died."_-^4H?i. C7o«. '< Finan, ^x — "A. D. 659- Ohitus Finnani, 



270 



QMNata Rio^hachca eiueaNN, 



[660. 



mac Pimfoa, eppcop, oecc. Colman ^linne Da loclia tiecc an Dapa la do 
Oecembep. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD peapccar. Qn cffpamaD bliabain Do Oiapinaic ~\ 
Do blarmac. S. CaiDgfriD, mac baoich, 6 Cluain pfpca TTlolua, Dej an 12 
lanuapii. Conoing Ua Oainc, abb Imlechalobaip, Decc. lomaipecc 1 nOgam- 
ain, oc Cinn Copbaoam, la muincip Oiapmaca, mic QoDha Slctine, .1. Oncu, 
mac Sapdin,-] TTlaGlmiolclion,-] Cacupach, mac Gimine, pop blaclimac, mac 
QoDha Slaine, maijfn in po mapbab Conainj, mac Congaile, mic Qoba Slaine, 
-] Ullcan, mac Gpname, coij^ech Ciannachra, -| Cennpaolab, mac ^fipciDi, 
coipech CianDacca OpDDa, "] paolclm mac Tllaeleiimhcj. 

ITlaolDiiin, mac Qooha bennctm, Decc. TTlaonach, mac pm5in, pi TTlurhan, 
Decc. niaeloinn, mac pupabpam, coipecli Ouplaip, Decc. TTlaolpuaroij, 
mac Gpname, coipecli CianDacca, Do mapbab. S. Uomene, mac l?ondin, 
eppcop Ctpoa TTlacha, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD pepccau a liaon. Ctn ccticceab bliabain Do Oiap- 
mair 1 blacmac. S. Cummine poDa, mac piaclma, eppcop Cluana pfpca 



Episcopi, filii Rimedo ; et Colman Glinne da 
locha quievit ; et Daniel Episaqms Cinngarad." 
— Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 656. Fyniau mac Rivea Bushop, died. 
Colman of Glendalogha died ; and Daniel, Bu- 
shop of Kingarie, died." — Ann. Clon. 

' Laidhgeann. — " A. D. 660. Conainn, nepos 
Daint, abbas Inilecho Ibair, et Laidggenn sapiens, 
mac Baitli Bannaig, defimcli sunt." — Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 657. Conyng O'Dynt, abbot of Im- 
leagh-Iver, died." — An7i. Clon. 

The festival of this Laidhgenn is set down in 
the Feilire- Acnrjiihi and all the Irish Martyrolo- 
gics, at 12th January — See Colgan's Acta SS-, 
p. 57, and p. 58, n. 'J- It is stated in O'CIery's 
Irish Calendar, that he died in 660, and was 
buried at Cluaiu-fcarta-Molua [now Clonfert- 
mulloe or Kyle, at the foot of Slieve Bloom, in 
Upper Ossory]. 

' Oriamhaiii at Ceanri-Cor'badain.-Nut identified. 

"A. D. 661. BeUum Ogoraain, hU ceciderunt 
Conaing mac Congaile, et Ultan mac Ernaine, 



rex Cianachte, et Cennfaelad mac Gertride. 
Blamac mac Aedo victibs est." — Ajin. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. The battle of Ogawyn at Kin- 
corbadan, where Conaing mac Kenoyle, mac 
Hugh Slane, was killed, and Ultan mac Ernany, 
King of Kyanaghty; in which battle King 
Blathmack was quite overthrown by the army 
of Dermot mac Hugh Slane ; Onchowe mac 
Saran" [Moylmilchon and Cahasagh mac Evin] 
" were the principal actors." — Ann. Clon. 

' Maelduin. — " A. D. 658. Moyldwyne, son 
of Hugh Beannan, died." — Ann. Clon. 

This Maelduin fought in the battle of Magh- 
Rath on the side of the Monarch Domhnall, 

son of Aedh See Battle ofMagh Rath, pp. 22, 

23, 278. 

" Maenach. — " A. D. 661. Maenacli mac 
Fingin, mic Aedh Duib, mic Crimthainn, mic 
Feidlimid, mic Aengusa, mic Nadfraich, rex 
Muman, mortuus est." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. Moynagh mac Fynin, King of 
Mounstcr, died." — Ann. Clon. 



660.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF HIELAND. 



271 



Rimeadh, a bishop, died. Colman, of Gleann-da-locha, died on tlic .second day 
of December. 

The Age of Christ, 660. The fourth year of Diarmaid and Bhithmac. 
St. Laidhgeanu'', son of Baeth, of Cluain-fearta-Molua, died on the 12th of 
January. Conaing Ua Daint, Abbot of Imleach Ibliair [Endy], died. A battle 
[was gained] at Ogamhain, at Ceann-Corbadain*, by the people of Diarmaid, son 
of Aedh Slaine, namely, Onchu, son of Saran, Maelmilchon, and Cathasach, 
son of Eimhin, over Blathniac, son of Aedh Slaine, in which were slain Conainir, 
son of Conall, son of Aedh Slaine ; Ulltan, son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta ; 
Ceannfaeladh, son of Geirtidi, chief of Cianachta- Arda ; and Faelchu, son of 
Maelumha. 

Maelduin', son of Aedh Beannan, died. Maenach", son of Finghin, King of 
Munster, died. Maelduin, son of Furadhran'', chief of Durlas% died. Mael- 
fuataigh'', son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta, was slain. St. Tonlene^ son of 
Ronan, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. 

The Age of Christ, 661. The fifth year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
St. Cummine Foda^ son of Fiachna, Bishop of Cluainfearta-Breanaiun [Clonfert], 



™ Maelduin, son ofFuradhran "A. D. 661. 

Socius Diarmodo Maelduin mac Furudrain, luic 
Becce, inortuus est." — Ami. Ult. 

" Durlas. — This, wliich is otherwise written 
Derlas or Dearhis, was the name of a fort and 

district in the county of Antrim See note ", 

under A. D. 1215, p. 187. 

' Maelfuataigh " A. D. 661. Jugidatio Mael- 

fuathaig, filii Ernani." — Ann. Ult. 

'■ St. Toniene " A. D. 660. Tommene, Epis- 

copus ArdmachcE, defiinctus est." — Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 657. Tomyn, Abbot and Bushop of 
Ardmach, died." — Ann. Clon. 

Colgau has collected all that is known of this 
prelate in \ns Acta Sanctorum, at 10th January, 
pp. 53, 54. It is said that he was the most 
learned of his countrymen, in an age most fruit- 
ful of learned men. — See Bede, lib. ii. c. 19 ; 
Ussher's Pr(Hzorrf., p. 936; and Harris's edition 
of Ware's Bishops, pp. 39, 40. 

■' Cummine Foda : i. e. Cummine the Lonar or 



Tall. "A. D. 661. Anno Ixxii. etatis Cummeni 
Foda, et Saran nepos Certain Sapieniis, dormie- 
runt." — Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. Comyn Foda, in the 72nd year 
of his age, died. St. Saran mac Cridau (Stipan 
6 chijSapain), died." — Ann. Clon. 

The festival of Cummine Foda, who was born 
in the year 592 (Ussher, Priinord., p. 972), is 
marked in t\\Q Feilire-Aenguis, and theO'Clerys' 
Irish Calendar at 12th November. He was of 
the tribe of Eoghanaclu Locha Lein in Kerry. 
Colgan has the ibllowing note upon liim in his 
Annotations on the Life of St. Molagga, at 20th 
January, Acta Sanctorum, p. 149, n. 7: 

" S. Comimis Foda seu Longus, c. 3. Fuit vir 
celebrata3 sanctitatis et genere illustrissimo : 
fuit enim filius Fiachna, filii Fiachrii Occiden- 
talis Momoniae Principis, discipulus S. Ita; ab 
infantia, postea a Guario filio Colman/ Connaciaj 
Lege, et ex parte matris i'ratre, juxta dicta, n. 4, 
accersitus in Connaciam, factus ibi est Episcopus 



272 



QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReawN. 



[662. 



bpfnoiriTi, Decc in Dapa la 065 Do Nouembe|i. Colman Ua Cluafaij, oiDe 
Cummine, jio pai6 nn poinnpi : 

Ml bei]i Lmmnech pop a Dpiiim, Depl TTluirfinech ilLerh Cuinn, 

maplJctn in noi ba piu do, do Cummine mac piachno. 

TTla no reijfoli neach Dap muip, peipeab In puiDe n^pigaip, 

ITlaD a liGpi nf buf do, inge Cumine poDo. 

ITlo cumapa inp cCumine, on lo po poiljeo a dpc, 

Coi mocuil nip ningaipfD, DopD gaill lap nDTpacli a bapc. 

S. Colmdi) Ua Cluapaig Decc. S. Sapan Ua Cpiocain Decc, 
Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD pepccac a Do. Qn peipeao bbabain Do Oiapmaic 
-| DO blarinac. Se^an Tllac hUf Cuinn, abb bfnDcaip. Uuenocc, mac pion- 
cain, abb pfpna. Inoepcaig eppcop, Dimma eppcop. ^uaipe (.i. Qi6ne) 
mac Colmain, pi Connacc Decc. Rob lonann maraip Do ^uaipe -) Do Caim- 
niine Inpi Celrpa, aiiiail ai'bfjiap : 

Cumman, injfn Oallbponaiji;, maraip Caimmi'n ip ^iiaipe, 
nioi]ipeipfp ap peaclicmojac, ap peb po jfnaip uaire. 



riuainfertensis, quo munere prajclare functus 
hac vita piissime defunctus est an. Christi 661, 
2 Decembris" [recte, 12 Novembris] "juxta 
Annales Dungallenses. Verum S. JEngussius 
in suo festilogio, Marianus, et .ffingussius auctus 
dicunt ejus Natalem celebrari 22 Novembris" 
[_recte, 12 Novembris]. "Ejus acta, seu potius 
panegyricura de eo scripsit S. Colmanus 0-Clua- 
saig ejus magister. Vide ejus genealogiam apud 
Menologium Geuealogicum, c. 34, et plura de 
ipso in actis Comdliani et Conalli Idiotarum; in 
qiiibusin apograplio, ([uod vidi, inter plura vera, 
qua;dam apocbrypba et fabulosa, maxime de 
S. Declaiio et Molagga referuntur, &c." 

'' 'J'lie Luimneach This was the old name of 

the Lower Shannon. These verses, which are 
very oViscure, seem to allude to the fact of St. 
Cummine Foda having died in Munster, and his 
body having been conveyed in a boat up the 
Shannon to his episco]ial church oi' Clonfert, in 
the county of Galway, to be there interred. Dr. 



O'Conor says that his Acts, written in Irish 
metre by his tutor, O'Seasnain, who died in 66 1 
[665], are extant in an old vellum manuscript 
in the Stowe Library. 

' Colman Ua Cluasaigh lie was the tiitor 

of St. Cummine Foda, and the author of the 
panegyric just referred to. — See O'Reilly's Ca- 
talogue of Irish Writers, p. 45. 

"* Saran. — He is the patron saint of Tisaran, 
in the barony of Garrycastle, in the King's 
County — See note *, under the year 1541, 
p. 1461. 

'■ Scgnu.. — " A. D. 662. Qiites Segain mice 
\J Chuind, Abhatis Bennchair. Mors Guaire 
Aidhne. Tuenog, filius Fintain, Abbas Fernann ; 
Indercach Episcopus, DhmiEpiscopus quiescunt." 
— Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 659. Segan Mac Ik wind. Abbot of 
Beanehor, died. Tucnoo, Abbot of Femes, 
Dearky, and Dima, two Bishops, died." — Ann. 
C'lon. 



6C2.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 273 

died on the twelfth day of November. Cohnan-Ua-Clasaigh, the tutor of Cuin- 
mine, composed these verses : 

The Luimneach'' did not bear on its bosom, of the race of Munster, into Leath- 

Chuinn, 
A corpse in a boat so precious as he, as Cummine, son of Fiacluui. 
If any one went across the sea, to sojourn at the seat of Gregory [Rome], 
If from Ireland, he requires no more than the mention of Cvmiine Foda. 
I sorrow after Cumine, from the day that his shrine was covered ; 
My eyelids have been dropping tears ; I have not laughed, but mourned since 

the lamentation at his barque. 

St. Colman Ua Cluasaigh', died. St. Saran"^ Ua Critain died. 

The Age of Christ, fi62. The sixth year of Diarmaid and Bkthmac. 
Segan'' MachUi-Chuinn, Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor]; Tuenog, son ofFintan, 
Abbot of Fearna ; Indearcaigh, a bishop ; Dimma, a bishop ; Guaire'' (i. e. 
Aidhne), son of Colman, King of Connaught, died. Guaire and Caimin, of 
Inis-Cealtra*^, had the same mother, as is said : 

Cumman, daughter of Dallbronach'', was the mother of Caimin and Guaire ; 
Seven and seventy was the number born of her. 

' Guaire This King of Connaught, who is so Connaught, of Crimhthann, son of Aedh, King of 

celebrated by the Irish poets for his unbounded Leinster, and of Cuanna, son of Cailchine, chief of 

hospitality and munificence, is the common an- Fermoy See Acta Sanctorum, p. 148, n. 4. In 

cestor of the families of O'Heyne, O'Clery, Mac the Life of St. Caimin, at 24th March, Colgan 

Gillakelly, and other families of Aidhne, in the states that Caimin and Guaire were half bro- 

county of Galway ; but not of O'Shaughnessy, thers, and quotes the above passage from the 

as is usually asserted. — See Genealogies, Tribes, Four Masters,